Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, February 4, 1858, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated February 4, 1858 Page 1
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I B v j IH | r 1 (*i j I H iw .*, >'d\t<* ■ ¥9' (jjffi ■§ n ' I BB| I R I |Hh lIB| I /jBR >9H ' - wjpi pw tOla* Xllt ■ ..-j: L- * "1 UW t THR> # .; BBLrrt •<■’- j^. “• MARY’S ftRAOOJi. tl Mififer .J. 'Turn, or e*w3Esx.-ei.6e nr nuni; to be paid wjUhrHi mwttn. No tnb •cnpttcm will- W rreeivaAfor a tiwrter period than six mooths, and no paper he discontinued mn\ all *3. except at the k tion of the publishers.- w#f Tm** or Advebtisixg.—#! p* teteffe for the two first insertion*.ami2& d u. iWby nd^u.Mit4wrti..n. ititute & square. If the number of insertions be not marked on the advertisement, it will be {mblislied until forbid, Mid charged uccnrding j. A liberal deduction made to than who advertise by the year. ■ ORIGINAL POETRY. I PLEAfIUHI AND PAX*. It MINK A. We met—*tw* in a lordly ball, Illumined with a flood of light, Which flowed from massive chandeliers, Hung (a m tke vaulted ceding while. Soft music floated through (he air, Aod merry dancers tnp’d along, While he the gayest did appear Among that graceful moving throng. We met A£,ain —the sun’s broad disc, X||*l rising from ike glowing ea*i, * tiflHl of gulden tissue rich ~ Koit the dewy hmdacape east. Jyjaytfntug bright in rosy May, youths and maidens on the green I n £ *' With tliroblnhg fissrta meet to nrfy * In rttnal robes the floral queen. I# 1 Ok ! then was mirth that festal morn, smiting fiesas bnghi with glee ; { While dancing on the verdant lawn. f<% ,*J*Wrth heaven's dark b't e canopy; A that flowery ItenUi, Was he wHA with majestic brew. He placed wrenih Upon the fair Queen's tpotleu brow. We met again On Mean 'a wave ; Our canvass pn&fly aweprike deity—• The stars and strif*** our fathers gave# 4U*> m I o’er onr heads with gnllant sweqp, And martini music's deep rich tone, Thai makes ihheart beat wt'd and free, dwell’d far throbgh nature's iof.y dome, Then died upon the dark (due am. The noble and tfie bmwe were there, ~, And lieauiMbgigfll'with rosy hue, Like for, - ’ Alt sparkling in 'he evening dew ; Hut 'midst that noble freeitorn hand that proudly rode the surging aea. The glhry of Uieir native land. No ie nobler or mors brave than he. * We met again—the sutvmsr sun Had suilk Mow the wsMern skv, . And glimmering mooutwams play’d upon The sweet magnolia towering high. We spoke uf life, its varying hue, Cliaugg* of hour! and sorrow wild— "Love’* you it* dream cannot prove untrue. Hi said, as pensively he smiled. We met again—all smiles had flown ; <'old hauteur sat on either brew ; The dream had changed, young love was ee* r -And nothing could recall him now. We parted then to meet no more; In ausrer purled ; earth’s unrest Entered the soul, and pevee was o'er, No more to dwell in either breast. SELECTED MISCELLANY. (From the Frederick Union.) Equal Taxation. • L.'ave has been granted in tle House of Delegates to introduce a lull tots* all property except churches and thirty fret adjacent there to. This w ti e tub thrown to the whale by Know-Nthitigisii. to satisfy the clamour raia ed by itsell, cm account of the exemption of church, n lijiiuiwJTjtariUible, and literary prop erty from tirttanrsr. Some Huc*h dir?pntal>le suburtinge was to hare been expnofled from the* HutboCs <€ *tiie hmulatg from ifae lie^iumnf. Tite c*ompti<*i of c<>Hsidarable portams of property taxation, here and elsewhere, be- to kite various ndigtoua denotmuatuma. has exuded fur several years, and had never excited auimaclversicst or . discoutent. Such cxciuption was in the stature of a compromise bctv.Lxu the various parties iuteneted, who 1 said to each other. **wo will not tax the prop erty of yonr chared, provided you do not tax f that of ours.'’ and as long as such common' frdmt 'existed, uf oource there wax do com plaint. Nor was tbers any cause for it. Tho' certam ohuroh properly is exempt from taxa- j tipi, die of tliat ctmrch m fact, do pay taxes uu it, in tip sliape uf their own individu al taxes; and it matters not to the Stake, or the , individual, whether such dues be paid directly by the vestre or church authorities, haring 'been find by mem collected of the cungrvgatioo, tor indirfCth by the congregation in the man ner above nfferred to. The taxes are puid, and tbejpp!e J>ay them. iV.wticallv the-flung is of the smallest coo ecpinice. The amount of property exmnnied fla to that fated so smalt, nun the ; numlwn of tax payers is to large, that the dif ference to the property holder in the county would hardly be appreciable in a year. No man in Freifcrick county would feel the change, if church property was taxed or ex •PUtft* • XWvraforo we denounced tlix* rw, of retail taxahe-n as a humbug, devised f.-i Ike purnopc ofexiupcrahng fanaticism and bigotry our Ihmian Catholic (cllo\v -c*itizens. In ’nriferkfc c6untV & SO happens that fliey hari; frirwttjlaM Ihrge amounts of property, ami Aemhgoguaa bavT txd this aocidsnS as an apt l iriisl pMI flbe "srrirariim of Hranc” even- W 11 ww .IH* ~ rf J wbetiv. Because hero Os&y h#ve x^wplated S! :ABt pr fvcwY mnp m , ~ a. - ■-: ~r—J— o=- IJSONABD TOWN, MD.. THUKSDAY M*ING, FEBRUARY 4. 1858,% 1111 ■' U..1. bary blow at Roman CkthoHcum by taxing all property. We understand the thing per fectijr, and In leap than sax moo Up after the JPJJ gf mch an act, the people will aiaoun- Tbe bet census is the only authoritative ex position and valuation feat we bare) aod the date faraisberi by it, copfound jich^eriltties in all inations It #2,786,862% nearly three tunes as much, fa the United States, Roman Uathdic propc^w settled fay Catbohc Calvert, and’in which social influence and prestige for generations was with the Roman Catholics, fliey have now litfle more than a third as much maperty as their Protest aid fellow-citizens.' Rrphis prefect of equal taxation is carried out therefore, Protestantism Lore will pay three times as much as Roman Catholicism; and in the United States nearly nine times as much. With these umleuiabiie statistics the leaders of Know-Nuthinguni will will not dare fulfil theirjfpMgdL They will ! evade the urnne. i. iTaoLiltey will ig i#ore it. Already we see' inflations of a book wput in Mr. Alexamlcr's Hlt le exempt churefasn Faiid thirty feet adjacent tliereto. At this early stage do wc find in a Know-Nothing print, a recommendation to sneak from the pledge of i -‘equal taxation,’’ and exempt churches and i parsonage houses. And so we expert to see j iMicking and tilling anil dodging to avoid the 1 vqy issue which tliey themselves have propo fen. The ntcusure wltich would be most grat ifying we arc sure, would ba to tax all the R >- mau Calls lic church pnqierty in Frederick county. We suggest that they undertake to carry such u me through, j Hut we di.v 11 (termit no evasion of the plain issue, nor any fuidlication of solemn pledges. 1 NNe insist ujhju Kuow-Notldngism staiuUngup jto the mark. As democrats, we would uut choun; Ito disttfrb tl- jirescut state of things. With it ! every one was satisfied, and it made not the : hast practical difference to any tax-payer.— Therefore we were prepared to say—let well enough alone. Hut since a new state of things is to be institute*!, we sliall insist upon justice being done to aH ooueerued. We will n<t al low any lavurs t lie shown to any one. We have taken our position—“tax all or tax none.” = Kikjvv-Nut 1 iii |be alternative aiul msiste on -toxing all.” Then, say we, make your law general. Include every sfi k, atone, #(|iiare foot of ground, ryhoreauever situate, or to whomsoever belonging'. You shall not tax Bt. Joseph’s Female school because it belongs to a church yon hate, and exempt the Freder ick Female Seminary, because it is the pnJpcr !ty of individuals vou are partail to. Do nut seiae spbo<>ls on the pretext that they arc eccle i siaetical [woperty, and allow to escape acadc . mica, ou the prctci.c - tliat they faaioog to the ; State, when in fact they are enjoyedby pri • vate persons for private emolument and gain. ; Tap all, fairly, squarely, without lavor, fear or ■ partiality. You have your majority. Qarrv i sit ymif promise. Redeem your pledges, o‘r f rever be convicted f wilful folsification and i 'leception. Let us see whether you are in fa vor of ci|ual taxation—whether you dare stand up to your professions. Tax all property of every kind no matter to what purpose d dica te*l. It is not “equal taxation 1, to assess cer tain p*>rtins of pm]erty and permit other* to escape. It i not “equal taxation” to endeavor by law to oppress one portion of the communi ty. It is not “equal taxation” to strike at one church. “Equal taxation" means, if it means any thing, tltat all property shall be taxed, and that every person and thing, individual, body corporate, or politic, shall contribute to the support of the government, in proportion to , their worth or estate, real, personal or mixei. Tills is * equal taxation.” It moans this or it means nothing. We sliall see if it is carried out, and every- seminary, academy, convent, monastery, orphans’ house, hospital, religious, charitable and literary institution, chnrch. par sonage. graveyard, cemetery, awl every kind of property be taxed. We shall believe' it when we see it. The last legislature was equally pledged to “eqnal taxation” with thw, and tlfey exempted half a million in Maryland, of which ninety thousand dollars were in this county. 1111* one may do more. We shall he surprised if it does not. From the Baltimore PtUriok The Purification of Congreai. Tins has become a topic of discussion with the preas of our country. Its searching eye, independent of sweeping denunciations, has so far penetrated into high place* a* to. superia | duce the initiative of investigation, in order to ascertain, if possible, whether grave legislators, : or members at Congress, can recede from the * dignity and honor of their potation so as to be come subjects of bribery and'corruption. The necessity even of intimating that such pliant material can, by any pitssbtUiy. tarnish the good Mine of an America!) Congress, is at Inwfc, Cutful. U is, therefore, an imperative duty wiring upon those conscious of their own innocence, to feret out this alleged corruptiDn and part company, or associations, with colleagues absolutely guilty. More than this— they owe to-ihfer constituents and the country a ple*lge of fidelity, to maintain sacred trusts cmumiUcd to their charge. In our natiumd archives rts the swnstitrtioti. Us pillars most be preserved and thoatwng links thereof Kept an broken. Thnnigh and fiy this we heritage of freedom m d nr glorious Uutifii tions dependent thereon, stand hath envied among the nations of the earth, bia Do ordi nary consideration to apprehend the enenwah xneut of traitors in haguise upon the rights and privilege* like these belonging to the peopfet nurtured by thten with anxious care. Whnl gremur Ufeum infonoeivaljle than that of treachery I;: 'Who Among ail men stands more disputable in tfa# aye of honor |fopi Mge who forfeits oawfokqc* Igounnag a ’ n sfowpaafoshiuA afoulinfitho to serve the devil p*f gven, who eonid “aait his birth-right for .a m*****,” compand with such, might fttod up andjn- TTt nh —i 'rir nM****’ Integrity of CTXrin^apnnrt i ~ .♦ '<!>! Tf/ a’ " ‘ l—.l, ItU ,j!*9 -1 legislator in Congress or rise where, artfokyed e 1 to make laws, not break them, in IrtHMpl — tru * <^ e Mi n k' hmwelf f<* j I- P? WCT oi m portnlyf^wSi^j sberefore, that an imperative duty certs upon * i ptiMk {wen* and every other means htffertnl which can aid in throwing light up >; I not up<m their own heads. It is no new Mdag i for legislator*—mauidpal, state and natkead— t to invite, by a angular course of action, seru - tiny into their course, and suspicion of their 1 motives. t Allegations of this character could not occur i so frequently without some jnt ground of com r; plaint; nor would they be increasing in double s I ratio, were there % perfect freedom from com - 1; plicity in the ofinnwa alleged. Outside intiu i euoes m palpable and so often brought to bear - in Washington, would mg have au existence i t if every Heuator and Representative stood aloof, * 1 as they should do, high above mercenary or ’ selfish cucrutichmeute. Nothing can so effoctn * toally add strength to a nation as confidence f j from the people in its law givers. This qual -1 ity of htuuau nature in the aggregate gives I stability to finaiK-e. to commerce. %d to all the [social relationships of life. No monied inrii- 1 , tutiun can stand and act healtliy without it. — I It is of infinite moment, ilierefore, that the I I fountain head be pure, tliat the source whence How .waters of life be nut mixed with poison. ! No sacrifice is too great to purge, purify and j place our national administrative conclave iu a ; position, not only above all suspicion, but in j such attitude before the work! as to ccminand j its fullest respect and confidence. The primi- I live purity, simplicity, honesty mu! patriotism I of flaw? who formed tbacarly C-mgresses of our j country, when Washington, John Adams, Jef- I ferson, Madinas aod Monroe, presided over tliem, would be a good example for those of 1 Inter days to imitate. To the complication of modern politics, the aggnualiahig spirit of self-ambitious dema g igues, the inordinate desire fo# position, nower 1 a id wealth, without suilicieat houtaly of pur- 1 I pose, |unity of motive or patriotism, may, iu a j •; crcat measure, be traced most of the evils and ’ , | corrupting influences which, of late yean, have r + entered (ingress, tarnishing it with disgrace. ;! The incipient mauueuverings of partizans, who i themselves liave base ends in view, often be comes instrumental in pKtdng dishonest men 1 in a p nation by and through which thffy are heedlessly swept along tltc popular current to high places; and thus public evils are fixed | upon us without knowing scarcely whence or i hour they came. It would be well in future for i the sovereign masses to apply the corrective at: this point. If we want a pure, honest, up- | right Cougress, we must see to it in the outset,, ; ami send men there whom characters partake l of these virtuous qualities. It is desirous,, [ however, to see the alleged corruptitnis at pre- • ■ sent charged against Congress fully expore I, j | and those having the slightest tinge of bribery f resting unou them, made to feel that tliey can neither defy the scrutiny of an intelligent : pre<s, nor the just indignation of a free, eu- ! lightened people. sliall look with fervent solicitude, to see Eow, where, or to whom, the eighty-seven thousand dollars, charged upon the books of Lawrence, Stone & Co., agents of the Middle sex and Bay State Mills Manufacturing Co., as having been given to Congress (except 8,000) for the modification of the tariff on wool, were disposed of. If it can be shown that any Con gressman or Senator bartered their votes for 1 money, thus taming to personal account the ! . legitimate property of the nation, sacrificing it for base ends, the dignity and sacred reputation [ of our national councils require an expulsion 1 of all such from furtlier participation in the 1 honors and offices of a free government. The Mormon Harems. The columns of the Deseret News are nearly I filled with the sermons of the elders, consisting 1 of tirades against backsliders, anathemas upon , gentiles, and lectures to the women, oommand ! ing subserviency to their husbands. Latterly the tone of these journals indicate that the wo men are getting resiles* under the slavery iu which they are hound. Mormon women are i; treated as Indians treat their squaws—as maids l J of all work, taught to consider themselves au | [. inferior order of brings, and to exist merely to .! do the drudgery or minister to the pleasure* of i j their roasters, as whim or fancy may dictate. That these wives can be thrust out ot doers ! I when their tyrants see fit, we learn from die , | Ups of Fresident Kimball—holding an office . second t*dy to Young—who, in a senuu re , ported iu the News, say*: , “k dues not trouble some women to follow out the counsel of their husbands; tliey will r serve them in faithfulness, they will honor and i j respect the power of the priesthood that is upon ,! their husbands. In this respect they do well, , | and enjoy themselves in doing so, as every wo . man Wilf; hut in the rriatioadbip that exist* ; -1 between them and oilier wive* of that mao, . 5 ‘ you are very apt tort® A Uttfe [ It requires more energy and more strength | t of purjKSfc iu a man to follow out the counsels j t *f one who is just above him than it does to l. fidtortia man that ii * tong flirted nffo’fn - So it is iu reganl to the women—they can fol | low the counsel oFthrir hurtJMMi. and do as he . wishes, much better than they can regard one j .; another, but we should da our duty, if not so | pleating id onrselm.'* ■ ! Elder John Young, addressing the women, eaye; t do m* have to go out to fight, and you i uo Sundays, |oo. \ wqot I ones are not serving their Qo4> Dd taking care ' I of that which is put info their bands. ham one og two wumm jwiee*) that I i try to swtwt a vahriKcmi asnla ae ta eanflawl

, them, 1 toll you, that if the tipeahae come 6M ( O .H adi teJ k reti > * . whffin t ff*il tr drmrft. aid la* waste mv : . t, Sr.r. m " rf i feygEgw? 4 ? |V _ . j f l wMkt k Tlurt is I am* speaking of this for you to let him atone. If you havelHfocutties, brethren or tisteM, go ! to your Ifotfotpa, and lot these Bishops iuresti goto the case, fed if it is worthy of his notice, | tot your bishpe go to Brother Brigham, and j ' have hie couun upon It. Now, am Innrd upon the sisters ? No; the good woman Jts here and says it is heaven to { her to listen tejrach teachings. Ido nut wi.dt to say anythim to such persons, but it is those that are guiltjphat I am after. Do 1 want jto hurt your feeling* 7 No, T would not for hay right arm; but stop f ang to Brother Biwfaam with your little family af fairs. 1 harder ever go to Brother Brigham’s office but there are some sisters there, some times from tek to twenty in a day, and some few come to xfys, but not many. Do 1 ad vise a woman to leave her husband ? No; but, aayf I, go home, make peace and be a comfort to y#ur husband. Do I advise a man *to leave hi* wife ? No, but I tell him to go Lome aod nourish her, comfort her. and clothe her, and then ioe that she does her duty. 1 will admit th it there arc seme men who art hard and over! earing, and then there are some women who cfenot be controlled. \ The Utah torrespondeat uf the New York | Tribune says:, “Bishop Johnson, of Springfield, has seven wives, four *f whom are sisters, and las own nieces. Tltii is mixing up matters pretty free | ly, even fora Mormon bishop.” The same writer, speaking of Lieut. General i Wells, the Mormon coromander-in-chief, and tits third in rank of the Presidents of the elect, Kiiys: Jflk “IDs pirtPPtor in the Presidency was Je dediah M, Grant, who died X 'spring, and be queathed his harom to Iris or. So it ap pears that women are chatfo vjieratmal, and can he trausfurred by will among ,\e Saiuts.’ ” Ik* Hwal Acadamy. Maryland has the honor of being the seat of rine of the hart institutions in the United States. We refer to the naval school at Annapolis.— No location for such an establishment can be ; finer. It is chiral as relates to the Atlantic coast, nearly equidistant from the two extremes of our naval stations. It is on one of the most beautifril bay* in the world. It is near the capital of the nation, and qgceanble iu a few hours to the head of the department to which I it belongs, and to Congress, who has over it a i supervisory control, Annap< *lis is large enough to furnish the I test society, without the tempta tions to reckless dissipation which arc afforded Iby an overgrown city. The climate of Mary land ia unexceptionable, hardly surpassed by any part of tlie world. It- has not the rigor of the Northern States, so pinching and trying to the natives of the extreme South ; nor is it af flicted with the bag ami hot summers which are so tedious and debilitating iu the Stales Nv dcring on the Gulf of Mexico. But if the mnl ! r ol supplies is to be taken into a ■count where wr every thing tliat sustains human life be found in greater abundance or jK-rfretion I than in Maryland and on the Chesapeake bay? There are many reasons why thn school ought to be a prime object of interest to the American people. Oar nary should stand the i first in the world, le*ause the time is m t far i distant when American commerce will )*.- greater, not only than that of any other nation but greater*than all other nations put together. The extent of our territory, the pruductieii* ot our soil, the ingenuity, the enterprise an 1 in dustry of the iiiiiabitant-i, warrant tlie antici pation. We front both on tlie Atlantic and Pacific ocean*. Our civilizathm is inferi rt * nothing on the Atlantic tide, and we shrink not from the competition of England ber*-l!. (hi the Pacific our civilisation is infinitely in a.l - of any tiring that borders on that nighty expanse of watc.>. The highest civi iza ihi always commands tlie commerce of the world, j Our tiii|M must he protected ua our commerce cx|*ancLs, and to insure safety to persons and 1 property, the flag uf our country must be seen | flying iu every considerable part, not many j years hence, on the i'adfie ocean. We know of nudass of men who, if properly educated. are more likely to enlarge the bounds I of human knowledge, than the officer* of the America*navy. They are constantly visiting every portion of the habitable globe. Tlk-v have an.abundance of leisure; they remain a long time at one station. They may bring heme with them, with bat tittle or no exjwnse, the results of their invrerigatkiu* Tlie mar perys M rtatmani afotiMfewitt pknoes at diher eot times, and in this manner has his curiosity stimulated aod jodginent ripened by c*Mitrast auti eoraiKtrimD. We have already aren what ; may be done, hy tlie solid and brilliant results of <wr exploring exjiedilious, our seientifi: ex ■■tiaei~" ~~ f the iukrkr of Bauth America Mid not leaet—the tragic edventure into the Polar seat, Lieuteuanfl Maury is making our ? * famous in tlie annals of s.ieDoe a l over } th* world. How many Maury* may our naval school at Annapolis tram up. It dues Mas to us that this institution has not hitherto attracted the notice it deserve*.— I Why should there hat e been a military acade my awUig before there waa a naval achool ? Where did faoaur and ddivdfanoe come from during the last war with Great Britain ? Was it not from the navy? Was it nut by the bril haot aebievamtuts* of our war-shqw that our Sfolretiormte up and torerenl <m high i cite narems.iiti our name resounded titetffotaf —Moriboro QmetU. g ttr Pork's ris. as tha follow said se s hog ittwrtnrei tkft iillfltil •& ’ i' v* - JTißnhW ■ * *Uii~ •*! if,:*, -,:if -! >t w.-.< - . a r** y 'tsjy* 3 ?* c-*ac4am> a-hedh #*flee Carabridg- is claimed hy the Mer*’d, oC that! 0 | t village—raemUrr of the Hou e "of Delegates. State Senator, Goveruor and Unit xl States Sen ator, suc- essivdy. Reverut Johnson began Iris career iu thi village, as did likew’s * tin* IH . Joaji M. S, Cal'stx. Tiie late Clisnort- ■ lor JoiHWDer £r>t sLirtcd as a lawyer and mom of the Opwer Marlborrt Bar, where h ? prac ticed many ysfel, aud rcsideti iu our village.—■ i Ai ihie fan —theli o. Wilt.tam TT.Turx (Wirti of the Mi’.it) •at the periodtil hi* <f the Judges of the CmH of Appeals—temporarily rirK-e his election : iug in Annapolis, but claiming his rcsidtfH am! voting here. Uon. Thomas F. Howie te in tiic United States Congress—al*f> a of tmr State Militia. Johh B. Bbo<.>ke in State Senate, from this village, and a full OAo itel of the 17th. Col. Brooke succetrietl Ma jor S. H, Berry, of the 17th, our late worthy ! j State Senator. Klward W. B*!t—Major in tin 34th—in the House of Delegate*. We have less than eighty Voters in onr vfl ’ lage, all told—*•> don’t brag quite so fitat, Mr. i Herald, even if you aqp not disjfowil to haul down yiHir Hag. The abuwe are pretty slferp team, ami we have several more of the "“same ! sort" loft in our Little Town, who would ad< m , any situation to which they might be called— i nmdestmen, quietly pursuing the various i tions of life, s vend ot whom have already “done the State some service.” Col. Diggea, Horatio ; i C. Scott, Koq., Wm. Pinkney Brooke, E.-q., j j each of our town, and Obi. Thoauu \V. (Jiag tt, j 1 formerly residing here, but now of Keokuk, ( lowa, have each served creditably in the House i of Delegates and the last named ia n**w ujjoii I the Bench as Circuit Judge in lowa. But we will say no more, aa several prominent Colo nels, Maj>rs, and Captaidfornggest thcmselvcH I to our mind. Take dowtPlliat flag, we mv I again, friend Herald.—Planters Advocate. • j ~, ’ . Anecdote of Tristam Burge**. Oliver H. Smith, of Indiana, in uuo of his * , Renrinisetncos, published in the Indianapolta Journal, tells the following story. During the debate iu Congress on the tariff.! in 1828 au amendment was oflered to jncreaso . t’ie duty on niolsutses ten cents jkt gallon ; be i:ig an mcrc, of a hundred per cent.; alval- , j orem. Its object was to choke off the northern ; members, and indirectly to kill the bill. The moment the amendment was announced by the chairman, in committee of the wh-lc, Mr. Bur gess, of K. 1., arose and implored the mover to ; withdraw it. He showed Us effects upon the i trade between the eastern States and tho adja- 1 j cent islands, in timber and the return cargoes of mola-scs, which was the daily food of the j p*xr. His speech was short audio the punt., As he took hi* seat, Henry Daniel, of K< muc ky. sprang to his feet and roared out at the top 1 uf his voice ‘Mr, Speaker, let the constituents of the gentleman from Rluidc Island sop then . bread on one side in molasses, and they will ! pay the some duties they do now,’ Mr Bart lett, of New Hampshire, remarked to me: ‘Nuw ' Kxk out for Tristam, Harry will ca c i it.” Mr., Burges* aruw with tire l>eamiug from his coun tenance. and nddresved the chair. 'Tin* reiiei • proposed by the gentleman from Kentucky is but aiding in.-ult to injury. Docs not tliat j ! gentleman know that established habits be- \ come second nature, and tliat all laws are cruel and oppressive tliat strike at the innocent hab- i if.s of the jn; >ple ? To illustrate, what would fiey think of me if 1 should offer an amend ment that himself or his Qon>tituents shall here after have i.o more than a pint of whiskey f r breakfast instead of a quart 7 D- .*s he not know that the disposition of all animals partake*, in a greater iht less degn'e. of the fo d on whici. 1 they are fed ? The horse is noUe, kind, an<i ■ graceful; Ik? is fid on grain and grosa. Thi ll *ari <v>k,)g at Daniel, who w as a heavy, sh >rt ma , drctvod in a iilne cod, wita a velvet c 1- ar) will eat h><g and raw hominy. You car. domwti at? him, drew him in bluo c*ft whh a velvet collar, lean him t stand erect, and to ’ iiuitat 1 the human voi.x* as snw show .icn have ' d-Mio. but examine him closely, for, (I'eAiug at 1 Daniel some seconds,) yoo w ill dwvtrer lie b ’ I tiie bear still. The gentleman t4d u* in a sj ,-c!i scene days ago, th it h s dtstri t pro Diced a large number of jackasses, logs *jkl mules. i ‘ No slraigtr prjyJof the tnitli of hi* statement ' can be given than a look at it* repreneiitA -1 live.’ Daniel wi’ted under the sarcasm, and fi-w 1 members afterward* telt dispeswd to aro—s the eminent sou of Uiiode island. .' Tht. Debt or Baltihode.—Tlie whole in t debtedness of the city of BaHiaioro. according ;' to the Mayor’* account, m hi* message at the) \ done of tfie fiscal year, "th(T than its bmded . debt, including arrearage-* of former rears, and the interest borrowed on the first of January to ’ make up the deficiencies of tl*e lblti;i:o.-e ar d t Ohio and nttdmrg ami Come llsvilic oomjHi r nies, togetlier with tlie balance drte ?*n the new i 1 Mf.siy <312,645.6% is rtated ly the recld*r iat #862.000. Agolu t this, tliere arc 1 11teted use*, in the La .d i-f the cull.or, B> .: lievetl to be available, am uniting to £300.008 j ,f aod in those >4 the auditov, say #BOOBO, ma .: king an aggregate <4 abertt #BBO.OOO. ■ ~ i The Red Pi tti?oath ix Bostox.—The new r style of petfic At <4 ?a. .cl flannel, with narr m • Vip#< < f rial ami bhwk. has reachctl this city, i \ few da. * simx* many uf the proraetuuiers on Wartutigi-n -Ua-l obu.rved a .lady (tawing I gaily along, bukltag Lcr dr&s h'.h enougli to : partially display one of tho aforementioned ; 1 wimti attracted gpuarel attoptioo— &*- -■•! ‘ J ' u * 1 i '* s ’ - : M m Jhw Jb lhTr Jirtu* fo IIV*I IV* > VN”: , • I pte'i r k w! \ * 1 itaonfed, during t h kal d*y* of Dooms*. ber, that -o* of the first guests at brkbMa\ the Ely** was the cure of the forlreaH at Ham, \ #ho hail been tbe ihdnctfi spiritual arWaer, at well m ore of his pruwtpaUacial resources J*K **• impriaoMnenl; and at the sawn break fast was likewise present the faithful doff, wha kid been bis m re constant companion, and, [ most unwittingly, had nearly destroyed Ml Jgatasr't chance of escape. I pnanua thU I fstory as it ww told at the time to me; “'Hie Prince, dwgubed as one of tho flio of vnrkm n ing forth to their iinnrr hsilpisnt od the drawbridge, when the director, w|waa d it v it examine them in piiaring;. yanglw h s eye, aiWrarned (o interrogate the ihrcnaa as to his identity, when hi* attention was Kt* verted by some defect in a w-A the fc |t< grew*. Whilst his *in reference to diw , wtre going on, the line of workmen paused oul jHHfotaaprincc among t.iem. He then todk a wiuoh had been before ar- summit of a bare acclivity.— ■Ltycs around, bo saw that Lis dint up to prevent the chaacA 1 caught sight of him, known HHHHHe of his disguise, and was bounding ewTcring af;r him at full speed, tails aware how, at such a moment, would bo any habitual demonstration of hi* affection,— Had the Prfnce hurried his pa e whilst yet In sight, UmU very act would probably have earned uu>laat sßspiceui. With what intones anxiety ha 1 he, therefore, to calculate the possibility vf passing the brow of the hill before this uncon scious cause of danger reached him. Urawxiiato biunnnt of the niidiilatiutattflUft was already behind him, and just WBBpT him from the fortress, wneu tlie mal jumped upon his shoulder, and was wcl •4tad iu -safety, ami I understand has never si me left him.” How much of future political destiny, perhaps, hang upon the comparativa speed at which the dug and Ida master had passed the inter wiring distance. —A Ttor llevdvtxon in Paris, by Lord Normandy, I ■, o - . I 1 . Cvrioui Tacti of JUtorml History. A single female house-fly produces in one season 20,85U,d20. Some female spiders pr duce nearly ?,00d <*£g- * ' pr. Bright published a case of an egg produ cing an insect 80 years after it must have been, laid. A bout thirty fresh-water spring* are disewr* -rod under the sea, on tin? south of the Pnoani* i Half. . <,i x A wasp's nest usually contains 12,000 or Id-.. ! COO colls. ! There an? six or seven generations of £nata , iu a siunnwf, and inch ir.y.s '360 eggs. There are :vbuiii. 'j.Ou J ceils in a square food of !icney-< v omb. OvOUO bees ycgl) a pound. A swarm if b-ces coataii a fr *m 10,000 ta j 10. 00 in a natural state, and from 110,000 tn •10,000 in a hive. I Tee boiiOf i .‘f birds are.hollow, and tilled with air instead of marrow, A cow eats 100 pounds of green food every 1 24 hours, nn 1 viol Is five qn.irts, or tc-opounds , of milk. Fish are comm<a in the seas of Sur nam wills four eyes—two v>l the.u < n horns winch grew on the top > f Muir hea le. Two thorn and nine hundred srtfc-tvomw pro duce on© po uid of a Ik. but it would require 27,000 spiders, uil females, to produce one ' t pound of web. Captain Reaufor saw. rear Smyrna, in 1641/ a chaid ot' 1*• usts 40 ui !- lo.ig, and >OO yard* i deei>,, r.s he LeWcnhurc-h saw 17,000 div isions iu tbooo;- j :ien f*Hifeer r,f the eve.'i *r a laittsrST, each i i>i e f which he thought } oiws?o l a crystalliiu* ! lens. Spiders, ect., are similarly provided tbr. The Goofebo-ie and Weather. The br *ast-bone of a goose is MHned In* mmytob an unerring pr -giw rti -ator of the ki .d of a Int r a 1 e vl. fcresliadowing vI h it* dark spots < ! I and bleak weather, while its clear points indicate a mil I tvmp< r-tture. Whatever of truth there may be in this obfotl rime nettal phyK sop .yaiog—tar it ts Mr invention of t’uis day, ;vi wo are informed that it hue burn file weitbcr-g :agc with some for the hwt t wen tv y<--tn.—there is no denying fact tliat for the la t two or three winters the g KJoeboue, interprr ted hr this class I phy- I**.iph-r, < r eiiigmaticaT expounders, has twf r-nd f itrfy llfu‘yra*d the wintry ataemis. The lucilato-i *d rtie io emce thrtry is ita t’nw ww ; Take ti e bre of any p- o* ta;it I.a> la?en wcl up*(Tr (lie t.iT>ic, and ob | sene its mloriny-c■'Staeenring at the front, it thrush; the clear, ligit nlare; upon it are tik*n a- pomUof nuid, genial wee th.-r; it* dark veiny, r discol ml is an. indication *f hard. c*M, piercing v eather; Ml ’ just as the <* the ether f repoua- rati-i, so j will the s-rt of wearie r prove- ; Mupj o ii<g tUa * front of the bone t > rvpre-ent the first of JtV cerulior.The observer may lay off tf.b wh > oj[ ; it into mouth!}’ winter plat*, and t pin the char<U>r ef ewwh *■-**wp rrionth. j A£<*j*elHturrxaoiioed a few nton ha ago in di af'K dcfigtifful n.-ild waoher in Htcen b r atd Janowry. Kariy is belruary, sharp. pd?r dnweataef for emt tm days. A for that a s.son of charming weather, to bo followed by a late and cdd spring. > The b* Caor. —The Philadelphia Bulletin learns fr m inquiry Into the condition of thn ice-hou - s alo g th j S huylkin, that, with § ran- e.c ptioii . but litfte stock r - rWI baud. TTk; c-irfahluhneut Ka* only I sJ> s.t fonf hundred ti>n*; fiarc five or stx j Vjo* each, srl !> .then, hare none at all. Iu ti t %:w Vork Ivrl onses, tbs stork rarely, if ever, run* **ut, and it is tinmmai to fir.d ic •Inth rn that rs ftunr o? fire years old. T**f ‘ ij e on hand ttov about half a supply. The Bo’flh kaMfotfcr* pr. ptSK- *e:.dfßg <**t;ati the Banks, for the purfotte df >1 tow ii,a Ri a few iceketgs to <H their w^'aomeff. . The Ispftpsriar - ark tin frgr-niott. people lorsd thaf Ke^ ! fXUfo- I m hare not*, know b*wr to un{*rmr. Mk*i. **** ■rio ‘ ? ■ ■ m wti ?■M*4iiq ■• t -o <’ w-o-: - it- •k amtqwMCi • .•> .*< • mi >/ m