Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, January 3, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated January 3, 1861 Page 1
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ill,; Z ♦ _ ■ ' af "t f •- .r - wktj r- - ■ i||■ ■i i ■ , , , ~-M ri|^|kj^T l|>^r, . ^|‘= |^^|i^||||^^ DEVOTED kf UTERATCHE. NEWS. AGIUCUI/TXmJS ANI> OESEItAI, INTELLIGENCE. ’’ bp£ vol *vh. * r 1 I * ■■ i.. • c I SAINT MARY’S BEACON .' •* • a rciunxu evkut rnresinr t j.r xnro. * jakes g. oowia • ** ‘..r ■-■ mnm\ to be paid within, six months. Si aobecription will be rereived for n shortei than ?Cx ntonihs. tad no paper be Tutus of AovruTisiKo,—ftl per sqnar< fur the fret insertion, and *25 rts. foi •very swbaoquent insertion. Twelve linci or less constitute a square If the nttmkei of insertions he not marked on the adrer ttsement. it will be published until forbid, and charged accordingly. A liberal de duction made to those who advertise by the year S IX, ..' 1 ■■ 1 '■ !■■■ ■■■ IS. ■ ISAAC IACKSOH. CHAI. DIBRK. HARMONY QROVE NURSERIES, IB A.AC JACKSON * CO.. Proprietors. (SgiCßiign to TIIOS. H IIARTEV,) Jcnnervillr, Chester County, Pa. To tbe Farmers and Planters of St. Mary’s •nd adjoining counties. rpflE vuharribers beg leave fn rail attention 1 to their lari;* stork for the Foil tn-de. Apples; Pears, standard and dwarf; Cherries: Peaches; Plums; Apricots; Neefannes, ail se lected nnd choice varieties. Our small fruit department comt.rises every thin? in ita class. Sire wherry, one hundred varieties; Graces, fifty varieties; Currant, Raspberry, Gooseberry, Rhubarb or Pie Plant, Asparagus. Our stock of ORN A M FNT AI. TRF.F.S is veiy heavy, nnd comprises all the common and most of the new, both evergreen and diciduous. Roses, Dahlias mid bedding plants of every de scription. Osage Orange for hedging. This plant in destined soon in supercede all others for Hits purpose, oring iiaidy, a rapid grower, its strong thorns tillerin'' an impassible barrier tn ■II kinds of stork Our stock is henlihy and well grown, nnd our prices will be found ns low as any other establishment. Orders solicited. Address ISAAC JACKSON A CO., Jennerville, Chester Co., Pa. P. S. Catalogues furnished on application. Reference—Franna J. Stone, Bloomahnry; J. K lwin Coad, Locum Grove. St. Mary *s county. Aobnt.—o. Fred. Maddox, who is ogent for this tampan j, will attend to all - ardera loft with him. • Sept. 11th, IMG—if. THE SAINT MART’S FEMALE SUMINAUV FIVHK next annual session will commence on 8A 1 L-ROA Y, the I6lh of Septem ber, under the direction of Miss LOTTY I.CIO FI, as Principal . assisted bv a corps of efficient and experienced Teachers. The course of instruction is as thorough as at any other institution in the country, and fit less than half the usual expense. The scholastic yeat is divided into two terms of •ve months each. thaiflM, per (erm, pninble Which they claim. t • •: . ~ (tee to be served on the opposite pa'tv >f the < sd mission f the pen*nsl r*prest*nfr.tivey. or s heirs, devtsece as parlies; but such notice j shall cnnai| only m tlie copy of the ord-r nisi l admitting the said parties. Tr such order the j'i opposite purtv shall le allowed ten days af ter service (o eliuW cauae Against the mind*- j | sion. IS. The Absence of counsel (except in r-e<* I of aicknese) or of a party appearing with- ut * <<olloo*l, shall not be cun.-iderc-i a* a ground j , of Continuance or ;m*p >n** ; And when two or more solicitors, or hi* ability to attend • ■ball be sufficient to prevent a continuance or postponement on account of the absence, f or any cause whatsoever, o' the other solicitors. • 14. No party nor his solicitor shall be bound to take notice .if any rule or order.; made and d-cketed either in tern or during vacation, relative to any suit, utl.-s * cony of such rule cr order b" served 0., tl.c said party i or bi; solicitor within f.-ur days after the pi- i sing or ottering .*t such rule <r order, ur ,u i ahull ba by the Court especially directed. 15. On any application for conliruAic- . fur want of testimony or any other cuuee, or on application to open or remand a coin- ! mission, ur to have a new cunuuMiu is sued for lha purpose of taking further testi mony, lbs opposite party may require proof by affidavit or otherwise, of the nature of die testimony wanted and of the reason!* which may hive prevented its being produced in time. 16 On the suggestion of the death of a party, which would abate the suit, ti e sanae ' (s to ire entered “abated,*’ and not brought • forward or coiitiuael on the docket, under, J “Leave to File Bill of ileE-ivor.” nnieMi the i party sugg'-stiug the doutb, or some other * party, lake further proceedings, either by Bdl i f of Revivor, or under th-x at*t- of 182<). chip- ! t* ter 141—-by the fourth day lerui oext at- • ter (hat at which the shall be laudc. i 17. Ou motion to iujauctions, if j { tk* wnpleiuant shall o-*t argue the same tn | Ike •‘tr fr hearii g. the opposite ! I may argue the same the day *►- * eigned for hearing. tl.*e opposite p;rtv may trpH it orally or Vy note- on d", or * submit it to Ih C->urt. wh stiuit tnora-j :*■“ '“-, 1 havingSLKYANTSFOR SALK ■ PlgfMtik., wall W> call .i U the Auhs.-riUr ls-hix; dispoMtig uf them elauw Imre. All .<■),- i will be promptly*d tv, Ad- W. T. A. REF.DFR. Caamvo, a a Md, ! Ag. 2nd, l LEONARD TOWN. MI).. THURSDAY MORNING. JANUARY IS6J. ' -■ i ■ i - - I • Bcsiarks of Hob- H- 8 t Hoy. j Wo find i- the Jifxltimore American, ol J a late date, a of the address ol our distinguisWl countyuian, H. O. S. Key. delivered at. a county meeting at , Prince Frederick in Calvert ou the 11th 1 ultimo. The President of the meeting (Col. Nathaniel Duke) in introducing; Mr. Key ttttked .that haring reebnlTy' ink , with Mr Key, ami conversed with him - upon the issues of the day. and the best i means of restoring peace and harmony to the country, and of removing all causes of the present unhappy dissensions, be be came impressed with the propriety of an address by Mr. Key to the people of the . county, and accordingly, on consultation with many other citizens of the countv. earnestly invited Mr. Key to attend the meeting, which, after urgent solicitations, ’ Mr. Kcv assented to. ! Mr. Key. having been introduced to the meeting spoke substantially as fol (lows: '1 hat having yielded to the solicitation iof Mr. Duke and other friends, he ap peared with some diffidence and hesitation, in view of thu exciting and alarming ques tions now agitating the country —-questions ’ requiring the greatest degree of wisdom for their solution. That the high regard which he had always entertained for the people of Calvert, and the kind conridera* I tion with which he had ever met at their hands, made him always ready to respond ,to any call to appear and consult with them upon the questions of the dav. That heretofore in his visits to Calvert be had appeared ns a champion in party contests; and he could wish that such wi re now tin case. But more momentous issues were now presented to the people of that coun ty. and to the whole country—issues in their magnitude and importance absorbing all mere party conflicts, and obliterating all party lines. In such a state of affairs he hoped all party prejudices ami heart burnings would be laid aside, and sacrifi ced to a firm and decided effort to promote the beat interest of uur Sluts uml of tiu; country. Our country, founded by sages and patriots, and cemented with heroes' I blood. now renowned and honored throughout the world for its arts and it arnis, for its free institutions, and its equal laws, for its rapid advancement in all that constitutes a nation’s wealth and a nation's power, to which the the struggling peo ple of other climes look us the beacon light to guide them to a harbor of safety, and whose institutions they are striving to im itate—that country was now environed with |*orils of the most alarming and mo mentous character, which threatened the whole fabric of the Union with destruction. A sectional and poscriptive party, trampling under foot the solemn guaran tees of the Constitution and the laws made in pursuance of its provisions to secure the rights of our section of the confederacy, having succeeded by a mere brute majority in securing their ’ section al triumph, was now rioting in the full assurance of wielding the whole power of tho (Jovernmont, and boasting of the approaching accomplishment of their fa natical schemes. Even Senators of the i United States were heard pronouncing! the election as a verdict of a jury of! the country in favor of making the Con 'stitutiun a Constitution of freedom throughout the land ; that blacks were to he on the same footing with whitet in the rights of citizenship, and that a “higher law” than the law of the Constitution was to be freely resorted to to promote their sec- 1 lioualaggrandizement. In the ir*olcnee of their shouts of victory, they do nor hesitate to 'proclaim that there shall be no more slave States, no more Dred JSc-ott decisions, but that the Courts of the country are to be re cons’ructed. the Constitution construed al together ia In-half of freedom, and the South stripped of its rights in the com mon territory of the nation. 1 Mr. Key did not think that the South looked upon the election of Lincoln as so 1 much in itself cause of alarm and disqui-) pt, but as being the culminating point | id sectionalism—as an index of the ob jects and designs and tho unfriendly feel ings of the Northern section of the Con federacy. i For himself he confessed that he wns overwhelmed with horror when he con sidered the dangers that beset us, aid the perplexing problem of the •olution of tho momentous questions cal .icg for sj-eedy and decisive action. That he loved this Union, and would do anything consistent with the maintenance* of our constitutional rights, and our bon- 1 or and equality in the republic. What i-hall be the position of Maryland in the i crisis? Her social ;md other interests and the nature of her institutions, her evm- ‘ parities and her feelings, all combined to unite her destiny irrevocably with the South. Shun.d not her voue be heard in the midst of the danger? Mr. Key thought that Maryland should consult with the States of \ irginia. Ttnnessec, Ken tucky, North Carolina and Missouri, the States really the most interested in ques tions in dispute. That Maryland, from her position. from her conservative chant* | *r am] past hi ftory. coaid appropriately act as the pacificator iii the eaermii ‘ But hour was she to act? She convening the Iffgudatai* in enter that i 5 Convention of the people may he prompt Ij Ueil. Speedy action was ad) iuinnf ft**, **Wirofa tPw days or aV* weeks might be fatal. The border Sfatei should unite in a calm and emphatic de> mand for the removal of all causes of cow plaint, of all unfriendly and hostile legis latum, and the enforcement of ail thr constitutional rights of the South, an 1 for ample guarantees for the future, and ( failing in that, he did n *t hesitate to anv that the lot ol Maryland should, without further delay, be cast with her Southern ; sis.ers. That this wa.- no day for recrimi nati-m of our sifter States of the extreme ; South, our partners in a common dan ger. The issue, whether rightly or wrongly made, whether precipitately made or not, was before us. and was to be met. Thu* he had no word of complaint to utter against South Carolina. That her people must act as a consideration of thoir best interests should dictate; that he had hopes that li*-r precipitancy may be the means of bringing the vexed question to a solution, and in securing our rights, and finally bringing security and peace. He earnest ly Imped that from this nettle danger we may pluck the flower safely. That lie belived the hearts of the people of the Republic throbbed with a warm desire to preserve the heritage bequeathed to us by our fathers. ’J hat l\g spoke as a slave holder and an old citizen, who had all his life devoted great attention to tlia affairs of the country, and could but pledge him self that what he said was the dictate of ago ami the honest sentiments of a true heart. W hat was to he done? .South Car <dina was responsible to her own people, Maryland to her own. Maryland war; pledger! by the last Legislature to act when the crisis should arrive. That he had no doubt of the devotion of the Governor to the bust interests of the State nnd of the Southland that be would endeavor to oar rj o, it the true wishes of the people, when it become apparent that a meeting of the legislature was desired. That the Legis lature, when assembled. would doubtless promptly call a convention and tbits place Maryland in a position fo act as t!io emer gency may require. That in conference with the Middle States a firm appeal should be made to the North to correct its untoward public sentiment and section al hostility, which was more to be de plored than any mere legislative enact ments. which were as nothing and void when brought in conflict with the federal arm in enforcing the laws of the land. That all our rights under the Constitution should be guaranteed, and failing in that, it will then be lime for Maryland to stand side by side with .South Carolina. With out such guarantees there must be a Southern Confederacy. But yet calmness and firmness should be used with sincere h<>pe of restoring peace and stability to fair Republic. That he doubted not but that the county which gave birth to the ( itief Justice of the Supreme Court would be true to the rights of the Sntth, as announced by that august tribunal. Mr. Key spoke with much force and eloquence, and appeared deeply moved by tbc momentous nature of the subject. Ilis remarks were listened to with profound at tention. and called forth repeated applause, from the audience. It is regretted that greater justice cannot be done to Mr. Keys' remarks in this imperfect sketch. U pen the conclusion of Mr. Key’s remaks, and after addresses from other g( nilemen were heard, the meeting, on motion of James fc*. j Tongue, E.-qr, unanimously tendered their thunks to Mr. Key for Lis able and elo quent views upon the crisis of the Union. TO MY CONSTITUENTS. Ever since the meeting of Congress I have watched with intense, at times hope ful. but now fearful interest the progress of events; and I feel that the crisis has arrived when I should be derelict to niv duty as your representative if 1 did no't solemnly warn you of the perilous situation of the General Government. It is not my present purpose to enter upon a discussion of the unhappy causes which hare led to the dangers which surround us on every side, but simply to announce to you the existing condition of nur public affairs, in order that you mav. in conjuctiou with our citizens' in other portions of tht Mate, prepare to meet the gathering storm which, in nv jndg t. nothing bufGoo’s Providence (that has been so often heretofore interposed for our safety) can turn from its destruc tive cour-c. 1 have almost lost all con fidence in human power to avert the ca lamity which threat, n* ns. f can sec no ray of hope to s.*.iie nr to a!br the justly exur-ptrated feelings of the South in the antecedents ef the Preside d elect. 1 5r m pi nice.-, oi hU cuuiidvntiai ■ L, —U— L. __ ■ the rf^rosen- In the meanwhile. uv arc drifting with i fearful rapidity towards revolution, and, .! probably. eivti war. with all its attendant I horrors: and there is lib rally nothing being done, in the only quarter where anything ran he done, to avert, or even temporarily to stay, our onward course to a dissolution of the Govern ment. It is my firm conviction, based on information of the most reliable charac ter, that, unless there can be effected a speedy adjustment of the existing difficul ties between the two gr?at sections of the country, satisfactory to the Souih and conservative of its rights, before , the constitutional termination of the pre ' sent Congress, six States of the Union, and probably seven, will no longer re j main members of the Confederacy, ' And yet. in the midst of this revolu tion “as yet bloodless,” while our politi cal edifice is crumbling into ruins— whilst .Sutcs arc in the very act of re solving themselves into their original ele ments ot nationality, which will probably he followed by the internal disintegration of other States. Marylan 1 is left bound hand and foot, without the power of act ing through her legitimate authorities, ; and almost defenceless, save in the stout , hearts and nuked hands of her brave and gallant sons. j In this emergency Ido not hesitate to say that it is a matter of imperative neces sity that our Legislature should be con vened. without delay, for the purpose of calling a convention, through which the ' people may act in their sovereign capacity. ; and decide, when the exigency may exist, the fntare of Maryland—to interpose, if possible, for the preservation of the Union, bat, if unsuccessful in that patri otic effort, then to determine what course of action would he mo*t cansiotent with j her her interests and her ! dignity. Surely the people may be j • trusted with the exercise of those high pie- ‘ ;rogativcsl If not, to whom shall we | confide them ? It is yet possible, nay probable, that if by forbearance and inuder itiou, a civil war at the outset can be avoided, a new, powerful and homogeneous confederacy may be formed by the gravitation towards Maryland, as a common nucleus (with W ashington as its Capital) of numerous States, under the impelling force of a mu tual interest ami common policy, exclud ing those States from whose barbarism, misguided euthanasia and fanaticism have proceeded “all our woes,” thus rendering it possible that we may “pluck the tlower safety from the toltle danger In view of these considerations and of the innuinenry of the danger by which we are threatened. [ respectfully suggest that primary meetings, without distinction of j.arty. be bald as soon as practicable, in each election precinct of the Sixth Con gressional District, in order to secure a fall and fair expression of public opin ion on ;he proprieiy of calling the Gene ral Assembly together; on that question all may unite without pledging themselves to a future policy. ! As for myself, I shall remain at the post of duty to which you Lave called nn* with the earnest desire, as becomes four representative, to use every effort to re store peace and tranquility within the bor ders of the Republic, and to exhaust eve ry measure of conciliation to preserve the Union, not incompatible with yor rights and honor. Hut the day of •rompnonC ses ’ haw gone by. 1 trust never to return We must have the Const it nt ,’ou as it is. nnd the Cnion as we received it from our lathers. More than a quarter of a centu ry ago. I voluntarily and through choice, cast my lot in life, for “weal or for woe,” with the State of Maryland, and most as suredly 1 shall not desert her in whatever of trial may await her. In the war with Mexico, I held u higher military command than any of her noble native nons; and in peace, with a generous confidence vou have honored me far hevond mv merits. Come what may, I go with ’old Mart- i land, but I must V* permitted to sav in frankness and candor, that mv feelings, | sympathies ami the dictates ot my judg ment art with the South. iour friend and jo rvant. GEO. W. UIGURS. Gov. Hicks and Mk. Lincoln.— The i Annapolis Gazette. in refeniag to a ru- \ mor that U. Winter Davis is to have n seal in Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet, and that Gov. Hicks is to l*e made collector of c the yvrt of Baltimore. save: 1 “How far this may be irne* in regard to Mr. Davis neither know nor but i> • far as it refers to Gov. Hicks, wc arc fully authorized to give it nn emphatic denial No man in Maryland is m<>re| bitterly opposed to Lincoln than | Hicks. Not only is there r-o office at : Lincoln's disposal that the Gov -nor < would accept, but the tendervf cm would i be *CAwllUld bv kim „?i is.anil 1 —— 1 • A STRAHGB STORY. Some week or ten days ago a young r man, originally from the country, ‘ b<- | engaged to marry a lady equal to • him in age and fortune. • She was a Pari* siaii. He occupies a lucrative place in one of the 'railway companies offices .hero. Hi* faßu* live* on Ujc old fcauily whten is situated in one of the 1 mountain gorges near the Franco Span • ish frontier, and separated almost com r pletcly from the world. He had passed > for a widower above twenty years. The [ . v '->u il g man paid a visit to the’ old family I H - nt - where indeed be was accustomed to 1 spend his summer vacations, to collect the innumerable documents the French law requires the officer who performs mar riages to have in his ham's before he '•lamps the civil contract made before . him with its Meieau and Persian char acter. He asked his father for his mother's burial certificate. The father was ex tremely embarrassed by this appeal; but as no banns could he published until the burial certificate had been lodged at the mayor s office where the marriage was to he contracted, the father at last broke silence, say ng: “My dear boy. 1 have for a great many years concealed a Secret from you, because its possession would prove a painful buithcn to you and because the honor of our house is inter ested in its maintenance, and your lender years have hitherto rendered you inca pable of preserving it. Tour mother lives. She is a lunatic. Come with me, and I'll let you see Imr.” He carried his son, who was trembling with emotion, into an old lower which formed part of the architecture of the t chateau, and they went to the top of it. i The chamber on the lust floor was the lunatics cell. Ho opened the door, tho son entered it. ard kneeling at the poor woman's feet, sobbed; “Mother ! moth-' er I in a most heart rending manner. 1 1 hose touching appeals, which would ..have moved stone idols almost made no impression on the poor lunatic. Her stare continued as vacant and her lips as son, his soul ; sick at the 'Vuae poctaclc, then gently! 1 upbraided his father for denying him the melancholy *o,ace of sharing the at tentions he. the father, had bestowed upon his wife wreck for so many years. 1 lie father repeated the excuses he had! first given of his son's youth and the importance of the secret to the family’s happiness. It became necessary to avow this mis-’ fortune to th<- bride's family, and they , naturally desired to sec for themselves, as the story that the wife was dead and the story that she was crazy, seemed some- i thing awkward, which needed explana tion. Several members ot the family went down to the distant chateau, and the p..or lunatic was introduced. As soon as she; • saw herself surrounded by witnesses she • said in a calm tone: “I am not mad. Mjj husband becoming the prry of a most un- j reasoning jealousy, and 1, being helpless! and ;l"iic in this secluded mansion, to es-, cape his continual sc nes of violence, and to avoid the fear I was continually under of being assassinated by him. (he' threatened more than once to kill mr.i 1 say. I feigned madnc.-s in the hope of, enjoying something like quiet. I pre-. , ferred languishing iu prison all my life to b ir.g hourly harassed by these dread- * ful scene* of j.'alouay.” lon may imagine the effect this decla ration made. The persons assembled ’..nought at first thiw accusation wag hut an additional evidence of the distracted state of her mind, fur madness often bor rows reason s mask, and wears it so well as to deceive even t ic n.osf practiced phy sicians cl the mind. The Faculty were appealed to. Hef**rc it could decide, her husband, who ii;ui l>ocn in a state of great agitation ever since his wife charged him with h> r sequestration, became raiinq mnJ. Hi? papers' were inspected, and it appeared that he had for years been crazy -a monomaniac—his pbreuzy rising from jealousy. lie was carried to a 1 madhouse, and h's wife signed the mar riage contract of her son! Isn’t that Venetian enough fw ye? To think it occurred in France in this year of grace, j \ ’ ~&OORS* j BLTXDS. ( FRAMER. And all bird? of SASH FACTOR Y WOfllL furnish every (i<*cr’.pwn of BUILDING., j MATERIALS. |j gajgr Wo solicit the orders of Builds u>\ •there. i S*pt. 27th. 11 ■I A. O. DAVIS, | l t I .Sljamng & fijair Cutliu ! 1 8 ALOOK. The following is an exact copy of a i tice posted up in a New Jersey town : Lost—a calf red. He had a white spot i on one of his behind legs. He was a she- i calf— l will give thr?e dollars to every-' 1 I 2. . 1 a V. * * * I J ' The Tree Attitude r Tt being evident to tbe fndcratandlng . of all that the North intends to make no , concessions—that the abolition leaders In .' tend rather to ondenrur to force the South , *• submission—the South ia beecuaing ®*M and more united, and mere thorough .! It is not to be supposed that Sooth Carolina, having declared herself out of i the Knion, will consent to have my tools °f Lincoln icut into her borders, for the collection of revenue or for anv other pur , The Kirhinond Enquirer, apeak - . i iug on this subject, snvs : That South Carolina tn'U either pro hibit altogether the collection of such I duties or will collect them for her own i use, no reasonable man can doubt.— Then, as Mr. Lincoln’s Springfield or gan threatens, “then comes tbe tug of : war.” 1 And when it comes, cvcrv Southern I State will be ready to mrct it. Bome, doubtless, will already have seceded.— The others will hive (’on vent ions in session. From Maryland to Texas, force will be promptly met with fore*', and espe cially will the “tug of war” be felt in tho j border States And when war shall , thus be forced upon up, if not before. Mr Lincoln will be forced to relin|uisU Washington. The first effort of Mary land and Virginia as anon ns they shall appeal to arms, will b*> for armed oc -lon pat ion of the Federal Capital. Thus it i. clear that much bloodshed might i be saved, and the Northern States intro 'speedily be brought to terms, should Ma ry Is ml and Virgin* promptly interpose to , prevent Mr. Lincoln's inauguration at Washington, by taking possession of the Capitol without delay. From present in j dioations, such a step will be unavoidable, sooner or later. | . Tub Border States.—The 11m. J. I*. Kennedy has jut put forth a brochure with the above title. The object of the distinguised author is to discuss the pre i scot crisis* in national affairs, in connee ; tion with its immediate relations to tbu rights, interests and future fortunes of the Northernmost slarcholding Status, ns distinguished from the am dtutut Cotton Stales, lie advises nn understanding ! among all the slaveholdiug States, oppos'd to immediute secession, to la* effected by means of u Convention of ono or moro agents from each, appointed by th< ir res pective Executives. Mediation and re monstrance with extremists on both aides ; are to be attempted, compromises based on mod* rate views to be proposed, and in i the event of all measures of this sr.rt fail ing. anil the I nion becoming dissolved info its elements of separate States, he pro poses the formation of a central confede racy, as the form of political crystallizr.- tion. most likely to accord with the tastes t and interests of the border States. Wx |do not infer that Mr. Kennedy thinks the i danger of immediate disintegration very imminent, as he seems to regard ihe elec tion of Mr Lincoln, in itsulf, a triumph of the moderate wing of the Republicans, and has ’*no reason to fear his administra tion sill not be conducted with a salutary and becoming respect for tbe rights and inter* sts of every portion of the country.** Winter Fr: ?s.- Never go to bed with eold *r damp feet. In going into a colder air keep the mouth resolutely closed, that, bv compelling the air to pas* circuitously through the nose and head, it may become warmed before it reaches the lungs, and rhns prevents those shocks and sudden chills, which frequently end.*- in pleurisy, pneumonia, and other ■erious forms of dis ease. Never sbep with the head in thi draft of an open door or window. Lot more cov* ring be on the lower limbs than on the body Have an extra covering within easy reach, in case of a sudden snd grest change of weather daring the night. Never stand still a moment out of doors, especially at street corners, after having walked even a short distance. Never ride near the open w indow of n vehicle for a single half minute, especially ifit has been preceded by a walk. Valuable Hvus have thus been lost, or good health permsnent jy destroyed Never put on a new boot oi shsc in the beginning of a long walk. - •••#♦ —■ Proposed Contention- of raz Border Statibi.— fhc Louisville, after a candid and impartial review of the present political crisis, suggests that a Convention of the Central States of the l/nioo, on the bif-ts of tbe Constitution a* interpreted by the Supreme Court in its formal decisions, be bell in Louisville on tbe 22H of Febru ary next. Virginia. Missouri. Kentucky, Tcunesfcee Maryland, Delaware, New Jer sey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Il linois are the Central State* referred fo. These eleven Stages, says the Journal, ' ‘linked together more or less closely ia des tiny a in position. constitute the real Keystone >f the Arch of the Knion. and it i* equally their duty and their inter* t to lead off in some intelligent effort to bring order out of the present chaos of our

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