Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, February 21, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated February 21, 1861 Page 1
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IranTOsnawn' ’ IT- 75EI3MJL 1 * mprnmmmmmm JitttftlTflV! I*. -• . -gj.:. - MMmrtMN tuns — - - Ml. ■ ■ - W -^.-L—■ - i!-. ■ .. <-4*ax~i Jtttt I —— in -.MI .—i i **£_ ii ; LiL , g£M ■ llll, J 11 ■ ii ■!'■■ ■■■ ■* biii i w i ■! ■■ i■ ii ■■!-! i ixr- •— —awe= Bfea .* = msaeam 5 ■ -■II -IT ■ ITEVOTED TO LITERATURE. NEWS. AORICUJ JR A\l) GENERAL Wg* ■!*(•/ aw^ea ——————————SMM rat LMtr-r =rar- T-^=^ragrgar=.. '.uL-'i' , -=r.=^-.-- a. ■_ .. : -—r= m —- -st • ■ i mes m *■ „■■ v VOL. XVII. mu ii in i u .. jaxjamianß SAINT MARY’S BEACON , IB PCBUaiitH KVIRT THUMP AT BT J.*. OTO * IAMBI I. DOWVfI. ftfiMi bt Scrßscmmo*.—fl .50 per sn bwb, to be paid within ail months. No • anbecription will be reof**cd for a shorter yifh J then si* montha, end no paper be dieeontanned until sU srrsorsges ere paid, except t the option of the publishers. STzszzzr every haertion. Twelve lines or hep constitute a square If the number ef insertioos be not marked 00 the adver* tnjefeent, it will be published until forbid, and charged accordingly. A liberal de dectieo made to those who advertise by i the fear TeHect e1 > ~m 1 sce i. laxyT [ trom (Ac finilimnrt County ddr otaft ] * THE OLD MARYLAND LIBS. la these revolutionary times s brief hi*to- . ry of the old Maryland Liae may not be with- j out interest to the reader. The first bat tle of the Revolution was fought in North Carolina, on the Alamance River, ami not in New England, as has beep always as- 1 srrtcd sad bviievcd. [LossingV Field Rook of the Revolution, Vol. 2. page 370.] No hostile Uemeastratioa was made in that quarter again until their attack on Charles ton in 177 H. when a powerful British fleet, was driven back with terrible slaughter by : the volunteer companies if South Carolina commanded by Odom 1 Moultrie, ititf! worthy of remark, that rot a single private | soldier from New England ever crossed Mason aud'Dixon’s line during the whole wwr of the Revolution, and in fact none | ever name further south than Long Island, 1 except a ucUlebmeiit of Rhode Island troops, scat to occupy Fort Mercer, on the j Delaware River, near I'hiladvlpbia. Hard ly had hostilities commenced in New Eng- j lend before troops were embodied in Mary-1 land and Virginia and marched to lb 1 camp at Boston- Taut Maryland companies were com- j posed of riflemen. B'dbrw the close of l July they took up their march fur Bos-1 100, where they arrived in August.— “Capul& Crcsap’s company numbered one bona red and thirty men. kho were arm ed with tomahawk* and rifles, were paint ed libs Indiana, and dressed in bunting I shirts and moccasins. They exhibited | their skill and dariiqg. iuh rcdorick, be-j fore they act out to the North, the mast j expert bolding the target iu their bands for sash other to *b*>ot a*.” After aiding in driving the British ffoui. Boston we next find the old Mary-1 land Line at the battle of Long Island. The Northern troops were routed and j driven from tbs field, whm the Mary- ; Under* covered their retreat and saved * them- from destruction. Headlv. a North- I ern writer, in Ilia Life of Washington. \ •peaking of Stirling, wh© led the Mary land troopa in their terrible charge against the overwhelming force of the British, wp: “Calling around Mm a portion of Small wood** glorious regiment of Marylanders, wmpeeed almost entirely of young men iff rank and wealth, he hurled them with such terrible impetuosity on the British graoadiere. that ike Utter recoil ed with a mat* meat from the shock. — Flashed, however, with the previous easy victory, and dietainiog to yield tow hand of undisciplined rebel*, they rallied to the attack, and the conflict became close and murderous. But these gallant young men. dash one a hero, pressed so stern tsftd resolutely into the fire, that they 6 down all opposition, and for the first time in open combat rolled back the seteraus of England.” Another historian says: “As they drew oat between the two bodies of the enemy, is was thought by lie looker* sh from the camp, that thee 3SSSE^^E them, dear and sorrow filled every heart, and Washington himself wniug his hands, and exclaimed, /‘Good God! what brave frllomxal uel ihis.Uty low* f* Five times tpis little hand charged upon the power- W fortes of (V>r wallis; and each time drieew back, again gathered their energies for,a fiercer assault, until at Ust upon IpWSllAiMWth. the heavy column of the British wtefed under the repealed shocks lad -began It gaea way in eoafusioa J . :‘9t at the very moment ih; victory oensed whhm thetr firauk bri-j 'klSailcd Thetfi It. the sear, and fresh troops, the Hetmans of iVflais ter. came to the ala Of CurnwslKe *in ■ frelßl. Already vstwmbrnd more dm j the terrific afoChtri. had-Wofo down by | BJIaJKFKIL 1 (La a dtjßl Mary Usd troops in iMb eijaafhvc.’Sftrs ad aariMAa firi4. btly eh- LMWi ari when the rest af the army Iri fo stated sr had fled, aiaintaiaad the ballfo lumhkd. afoutist fwa frr|gads t| the rwsmy. To ihw day tU yrqgfo, . 1 * •••" - ■*- ~ r — T —■ ; ■ —j T^f — . LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY AMKKING. FEiiIULVUT .21 iin i mi n B r P mr: hrt I ri 1 of Long Island point oat to ntran-* gers the spot were half of the Maryland , hstallioii st*>mued the tnlvnnce of the } whole left wing of th* Briti.-h army wh*-n j n other troop* were left upon the field, and where the boat blood or the Stats was r poured out like water. ** [McS Kerry ] A few days after their bloody conflict with the British 00 Long Island, the Ma rylanders were again brought into action on York IsUud The hii><rian says ; • The eaeakv effected.a vitboit opposition mi thMace of I o#les° of • Connecticut troops, who fled disgracefulTy at the first fire of sixty of th:* British light j infantry: and who, although from ;he i brigadier down to the private sentinel, they j Were caned and whipjKrd by Generals I Washington, Putnam and Mifflin, could j not be brought, by ‘.he burning shame of. this indignity, to stand one shot. Dis gusted with such cowardice, .Gvn. Wash | ington immediately s*mt an cxpreM for the i Maryland regiment, drew it from its brigade, : and ordere<l i:j down towards New Yolk to; ! cover th* retreat of the army, knowing that ,he could rely upon its maintaining its po-! | sit ion against all odds. Small w***] posted ‘ his regiment upon an advantageous emi- ■ aence near the cnemv, on the main road, j where they remaine<l under arms the best i part of the day. until the last troops bad • passed; when the British, dividing th*dr; ■ main body into two columns, endeavored ! to outflank and surround him. Having , maintained his position as hmg ss it wa i 1 necessary, and Hiving received notice to! refr'at, he retir<*d in good order mi .reach-1 led the lines about dusk.” dSpaiks. Vol. i j 4. McShorry.j On the nest day th< Ma- j 1 rylanders were again brought into aelion. j | "A reinforcement of seven hundred men ■ being received by tin- Britiah, (ren. Wash ; ington ordered up. M ijor Price, with three - lof the Maryland indep'-ndent eompanies. | and Col. Richardson's and Grifflih’s regi j mtuts of the Maryland flying camp, which j Had joined the army mi the Bth of September j i These troops attacked the enemy with the I bayonet, drove them from their position. | ; and were pursuing them toward* I their lines, when th - commanuei in chief j ordered their recall/’ [Spark’s, Vol 4 1 MoS berry.] j A few days after, “the Maryland line displayed its wonted valor at White Plain*, and by its sustained resistance to an ever powering force, won new honor for it* State. Its loss in thi* hard fought batth | was over one hundred men; ami from i this terrible slaughter may be estimated the obstinacy of its defense. It had fought j three battles in the lust three months; it had been the first of the Revolutionary troops to use the bayonet against the Brit ish regulars, and had used it freely and j wish effect in each one of these fierce 1 conflicts.” [M< Sherry ] Not long afterward*, when the British • army advanced to the attack of Fort Wai*h- j ■ ington on the Hudson River, we find a ! single regiment of Maryland and Vir • ginia riflemen, commanded by Col. Raw ; lings, of Maryland, opposed to a whole division of five thousand Hessians and Waldcckers, under Gen. Kn^phausen.— “Posted among the trees, his riflemen, the hardy son* of the Maryland and Vir ginia mountains, poured in upon the ad vancing column a murderous fire, which j il in vain endeavored to sustain. The! Hessians broke amt retired. Again they were brought to the attack, and again re f pulsed with terrible slaughter. The Ma- | : ryland riflemen remembered the (lestrue- 1 t ion of their brethren of (he batnllion at : j Prick’s Mill Pond, and did not forgot to I | avenge it. But what could a single ba-1 j tallion of riflemen, even of such matchless : | skill and courage, effect, opposed to five thousand men with the bajeuet. unsup ported as they were and alone continuing to maintain their position. Had every 1 other poet been defended as theirs was, | victory would have crowned the American j arms that day; But ail tho other troops j were already in full retreat. The three > divisions of the enemy were about to fall: upon their rear, whilst in front they coo-1 leaded with a force for greater than their ; • own. At length, by sneer fighting and t power* of numbers, the Horiaus reached • the summit of the hill. Rawlings, pcTeriv-- tag the danger fo his rear and learning the | retreat of Ihe Pennsylvanians, abandoned - bis position as no longer tenable, and re tired uijier ih gB of the fort” [Mc -Bherry ] The Mfiwfood Idae at Twptoa. Prirce ton, Hrworlyaine and Monairdutb, were in the thickest of the fight-and displayed the same unconquerable cottrage. Their fic ' roic conduct at Genuaiithwa it thus de j scribed by McShefry: . “la (be meanwhile the rnoaiitfog regi i inentfiof the line, under Sullivan in person, | pursuing the flying light infantry, oaiac upon the main body of (be enemy drawn •up to receive- them. A severe conflict #u- j I sued. Sullivan, impatient of delay, at i oooe ordend bis Marylander* to a-ivanec ! after a sharp resistanot , again retried,p-| The steady valor of the Maryland troupe, i ua this oemnaiou. won far them the high- 1 e. t cfeMuiums of their mmuuander. Goo. j Sullivan. They were the first fo acrion I *ud most constantly eugagtd ; sad' had -al-1 1 ruaJy rouUai tww UMk* of the okuij, a**i | 1 pursued them for several miles, from the first point *>f conflict during ’ the space of au hour ai l a ImSf, before Green’s divif- | ion came up. and were still actively en gaged wheu the rest of the army wse re tiring. ’’ • i Head)* thus deccribes the charge of the r Miirjbsikn at Germantown ; ‘ ‘Wawhiwx ton all this time was moving along the main road with the rear of the Army.— - • Hearing the heavy firing in ndratioe, he; j knew that, Sulliyun .Wa*wrtnXy enihjp'df' A* it eouliuu'ri without any ecssatiou, he ! became anxious, for be knew that the troops had only about fifty minds of am- I munition, and turning to Col. PlekeriifJ/'"* he exclaim 'd, I am afraid Oon. Sullivan ’ is throwing away his aiuunition; ride fur- ’ ward and till him to preserve it.’ Piek . cring JashiKl off os u gallop, and delivered ! his message. “Shoulder arms!* passed’ al-Mig the American line-* Forward nnrrlil* followed, aid the whole line, with shoul dered piece*, moved steadily up to tbi,* en emy, who, struck with astonishment, re-; coiled.” Having fought through five sev< re cam -1 paign.. ami been engaged in nearly every ! ■ pitched bat:le iu the North, the Old Ma-I ryland Lino wax ordered to the South.— For several year* after their bloody defeat at (’harlest* >u by the South Carolinian* un- ! ; der Col. Moultrie, the British mad** no *•*- 1 riou* host.il>* demonstration* in that (planer; ( t'UC finally, having had possession of eve- 1 ' ry large Nh.rtheru city, after Boston. NjW . York, and Philadelphia had been oecu -1 pied by th** r troops, a jmwcrful army un-' dcr Lord Corn wallis was sent to South j Carolina. The population f this state. ' ; was, at that period, exceedingly spars**, 1 and the cue uy establishing their head ipiar at CharlcsU n. it Weamc necessary to send assistance to the Carolinians, who had! l;cr tofore teen able to keep th ir soil free from the fo*t of an invading foe. The first battle was fougiit at Camden i Gates, the commander of the American j forces, lied from the field, leaving the Ma-1 ; ryland Line opposed to the wb.de British : army, which outnumbered them more than | two to f, ne. Their heroic cnsduct is thus! described by MoSlo-rry : “But Gist’s brigade stood iummvablt. For a while the terrific *h:tighter seemed of doubtful issue —‘bold was the pressarr; of the foe * exclaims un ey *-wiln*.*s, ‘firm as a rock the resistance of Gist: Now the Marylanders were gaining ground.’! The gallant Howard, at the head of Wil- i Hams regiment, impetuously broke up >n j the enemy, md severing his front, dr vs-j the opposing corps before him; and it ! seemed as it the b*st battle was about to be retrieved even whilst the commander in chief was flying for from the scene of action. But the eagle-eyed Webster, the | best and bravest officer after Cornwallis in ‘ the British : rmy, upon the flight of the | I centre and left, brought his veteran guards) upon th*ir Hoik. In a moment they were ! met by thi second Maryland brigade. ; which Smallwood rapidly brought up to r< place the fugitives, and (he buttle was' again renewed with undiutinisbed spirit upon the left. Finding his flank once more protected, ' and his Marylanders bearing up with i unflinching vubr, the brave Do Kalb. ! j although out-numbered two to one, re-' • solved to m ike one great and final effort I with the layonef. Dreadful was the j ( charge. FOl a time the two iine* seemed ; ! mingled with each other, cllmring to-! i gelher and slaying wi?h that terrible! : weapon —tbt weaker g**ing down before ! the stronger. But at length the veteran I troop* ot Co il wallis began to recede; at j one point they were broken, thrown into disorder, and many prisoners were liken. A single C'Tps of cavalry would have re trieved the day; but Gates’ tolly had ren- I dered victory impossible. “Cornwallis alarmed at ths unexpected i resistance of the Maryland line, and hav- I ing before experienced its desperate valor 1 with the bayonet, now couccut rated his t ! whole force tnd brought H up*n them. * ! 'i’ho inequality was too great to be resist- i • ed. The whole British army was pour j ed upon thc&e two demoted brigades, who i still maintain ed iheit ground, although 1 only numbering eight hundred men, i i opposed to more than two thousand j ! British regulars, 'and surrounded and an- I supported, y t still fighting on with uu-! flinching hearts. The cavalry were sud- J deuly thrown in upon them in front and! rear, while they were still entangled with | the infantry. The moment was critbaii;; De Kalb, at the head of one regiment, attempted to restore the line—hot, over powered, be fell covered with wounds, and was made prisoner. Intermingled; with the infmtry. and trampled under j fo>l and sabred by the dragoons, without apace to rally—the brave troops were broken and driven from the ficla by sue- ! ; ocssive ohnrgts.” “The brave De Kalb, through treated ’ with every attention, survived hut a few i days. He sp>;ot bis last momenta iu db -1 latitig a letter to General Smallwood, > ! who nV>w succeeded him in the command of the Maryland Hue, full of sincere and | 1 ardent affection for ihe officers and soldi ora

, of bis divisfrii. osfirßaalng bis admiration 1 of their late uoblo but ansuce Wul /land; 1 reciriug the which their bravery had atv(.val the enemy, together 1 with ifcilffiely (Mifiit pnch testimony of their vaffigdlkMl excited id bin mind. then o*ufiA s of daeth. | In tin* Wglltffag article. In* compliment- 5 M • Vaughan and the’ ewl *<? artillery bo lougicufl Sb division, bosh of which dcaHfrj|BjyWhMl- *Qt his quivering baud bT aJ hI h * 111 Utiodietihiio Ofi his faithful, brave di vision.”—(l<ee’ Meiuoini.) Wo next find the Old Maryland Line MB nd*ir*4l organ at the Cowpcit*. * ’Mor gan arrayed his men with coiisuuuiiiitc, skill. The Marylanders, with two cum-. panics uf Virginia militia, aitoid soldier*. \ Cbmposed hia main and second line un der the command of Colonel Howard, and wore posted upon an eminence covered with open wood, with Washington’s caval ry in their rear as a reserve. The first; line consisted entirely of militia under • •’leu. Pickens; while a short disc uce in their front, two parties of North Carolina ami Georgia militia were stationed as skirmishers. As the enemy began to ad- : vance, .Morgan addressed h;s soldiers briefly, but energetically. lie directed, the militia to deliver nut two or three voi- | leys, and then retire and turn behind i the main line. The Marylanders he re minded ot their past glory, of the confi dence he hail always reposed in their .-kill and courage, and assured im-m ihit-j victory was certain if ch -y acted well their part.” (Lee’s Memoirs.) * Ti*o British pressed on with loud j shouts upon the first one, which, however.. maintained an undismayed front, and; poured in a ilose and destructive fire, but, 1 the enemy continued to advance with the! bayonet, and (he militia being mostly armed with rifles, retired. Already be lieving the victory in their grasp, the enemy charged upon the coutim nluls. Thy were met with un-haki-u firmness, i Tire conflict became desjierate, for a time i neither the assailants nor the assaiica seemed to give ground. But the uncoil- j juerib!c spirit of the ,Ma-y'lui.ra at i length prevailed, and the enemy b g in[ I * tatter. Tarletou immediately urdcrcu 1 up hie , reserve, and bis line, thus ream- j moled, again advanced, extending its front so as to e (danger Howard s right. | Morgan -at once ordered him to retreat to- ( wards the cavalry auJ assume a new pu- i sition; a manoeuvre which was executed 1 with coolness aau precision, and which; effect u dly relieved the menaced flank. , “The British mistaking the movement * fur the procursor.uf a flight, rushed for-; ward with great impetuosity and in disor- i der to complete th- ir triumph. Perceiv-{ ing their condition, Howard, not yet hav-’ ing reached the po.-.ltluu marked out by Morgan,, *u idenly faced about and poured j in np<m the astonished enemy a close and . murderous tire. Their front ranks recoiled i under the shock; and. seising the happy 1 moineut, Howard, cheering on bis men, ; broke in upon them with (he bayonet. The* charge was terrible aod decisive, and j the day was won. Dearly was the: slaughter of Camden repaid; the whole j British infantry was killed or taken. I Never was there a more complete or more glorious victory The force of Morgan did nut much exceed eight hundred men. > while that of Tarleton reached a thou- [ sand, and ail chosen men, the very sin-, ews of Cornwallis’ army. This splendid ; force was euliieiy annihilated. Although * the militia did good service, “the weight; of the battle fell upon Howard; who sus lamed himself admirably in those trying circumstances, and seized, wild decision, j the critical moment *u complete with the bayonet the advantage gained by his fire.” Yet he won the battle without or- j dent; and after he bad swept the field by ! his glorious charge, Morgan role up to' him and said severely, ‘You have done! well—for. you are successful—had you' tailed 1. would have shot yum’ At one moment Howard held in bis hands the : ! swords uf seven British officers who bad | surrendered to him M —(MaSbecn. Lee*! Memoirs.) V I The next battle in which the Maryland : I line was engaged was that of Guilford i Court House. We have mily space for a, descript ion uf the charge of (be Man lan- . decs leu* on by Col. Gun by and Howard. I “His (Gunby’s) horse was shut under him, ' aim the cuimuand fell upon Col. Howard. ' who, with bis characteristic impetuosity, j led tar ward the regiment with such rapidi ty lhat Guuby could nut again overtake it. , Like a current, the old Maryland regiment f broke through their tanks, driving them headlong from the fold with terrific slaughter, their busier foiling under the sword of (’apt. Smith; amt the remains of that splendid corps were only saved from utter annihilation by a denpnraie expedi ent of Ooiiivdtii. Deb rained to arrest the progress of Washington and Howard, he Immght up hi| artillery and opened upon them, although every discharge’ swept through the flying guards,, staying alike both pursuers and pursued. Toe remedy wsa effectual, and Howard as sumed tbc position for inly occupied by the 5 second regiment under r*rd.**-—Mtf>h'*r ij. 1 hi second regiment wta* c*aipoiM-d • saw remits, ajd wa throw* itefo ilia; I - — t—‘: —7 order and iptnested. It was about the only instance during the whole revolution | of a M ary land regiment behaving badly on 1 the field of battle. - After taking part in the battle of Hob kirk’s Hill andlbruHMult owlfbrt Ninety. Si xv we find the old Maryland Lina at Kaiaw. Here is MnShect/s account of this battle; ‘ • ~. .* “The militia advanced with spirit and opened a heavjr fife upon t&> etlemy which tinned to maintain their ground omA the Brili-h troops pressed close upon them. Sumner's North (Carolina brigade was im mediately ordered up to cover their re- I treat and check the advance af the enemy. i This corps, consisting of newly raised regi -1 nieiits never before in action, pushed for ward in good style, aul the conflict be came warm. Green now brought up the Maryland and Virginia lines, which ad vanced with u shout and poured in a des tructive fire upm the enemy. The Bril i.-h commander finding the dense line uf h*s antagonist pressing bard upon him called up his reserve. Sumner's North ( Curolinans, unable to maintain their port- I tion, begun to fall back, when Green or* < dcred the Marylanders and Virginians to holi up their fire and charge with the bayo- j net. At trailed arms, cheering vehe mently. these two gallant brigades, led on by Williams. Howard and Campbell, ] rushed upon the enemy, heedless oft be dose and deadly lire which was repeatedly pour- I C*d in upon them us they advanced at a|, rapid pace. Tbc shock was terrible. | Howard’s regiment was received by the , i Buffs, an Irish corps, which had just joined , i ib'J army; and here the fiercest struggle 1 1 ensued. Neither Would yield; but crus-J ( 1 sing bayonets, their ranks mingled togath- , cr, and wppo.-ing files sank down, each , pierced w:h the bay<wt *f hi-* ant igonist. This they were found, grappled in death. and transfixed tog (her ‘upon the fi 11 of: slain, marking lac >p *L tvu.rj the Mary- ~ ; landers uu ! Barts hd uni in di-a i!y cm fl:ct. The olficers fought Land to baud .> bloody * strife <;oul 1 not ecniiuue long; 1 I the rest of the British line had g;ven way, j scare-ly wailing for tbe approach of llm | A.ucaeans, and the gallant Boils unable j I to maimian the conflict, with the .veteran . Marylander*, hr ke and fled. Delighted wtii the conduct of this regiment. Green j rode up and cumplimcnieu it and its com- I m-Wider in th.* mnist of the action. The old Maryland line ended its achiev -1 moat* with the surrender of Cornwallis at | Yorktown. Its soldiers had been in near- j i ly every hard fought battle in the North , an 1 South; they were the first troops who I had used the bayonet against the trained 1 ! veterans uf Bnglaml, HUd it was their fa- ; | vorite weapon on every, occasion. La lay- j ! etfe during l i t visit to thi* country in 1K24. sp.-aking of the Marylander* of the revolution, sat i that “th y were* same v O j coek.s that flinched n*t fnnu -the' steel.”- j Had Buf is Choate been familiar with the j 1 history uf the old Man land line he never ( * would have made the assertion lhat “it is j not settled that ihe can be driven ' I back by boar* ling-pi lie or bayonet, by Americans.’' But the popular histories j j of this country have boen paucipully writ- : i ten by Northern m-n who glorify New' Kugland and intentionally ignore everything done in other secti m?. How; many of the ri-ing ration who are ; perfectly fomiliur with the names of Ppt , uam ana durk ever beard of Gist and Williams, and Gunby and Smallwood and Howard, the leaders of the old Maryland ■ line, and the best and bravest officer* in i th American army? To use the expres- j sion of a writer in one of the public jour j naU, our people are “J'cUt Parleyizcd ;” i and so the Hon. Kevtrdy Jutmsun, tom' . recent and cxiraerdinary speech, eulogised | the heroism of Massachusetts, and made ’ the extravagant assertion that “the boucs of her ciidaren almost literally whitened ! the soil uf every 6utc, and tbc stars and . stripes when in their bauds were ever the i I certun pledge of victory or death.” The ' ■ historical ignorance of *shis Matiwd jurist I ‘is astuidhbing During; (be whole war of | > the Revolution no troops fru Mussacbu* j • tts ever came south of tbe Huus<>d ! ' river, nor waf there ever a battle won | iby tbc people of that State. Daniel Web- ! ; oter once boastingiy exclaimed in Seu '■ af, “there is Concord ud Lex mg toonod ' Bunker UiH ” Well, what of (hem? At ' Concord a hundred militia were fired on fby a party of British sod dispersed. The ! battle of Lexington, as it has been called !in our school-books, wa* nothing marr than a whole ptipulation turning out m ; nuwe and bring front behind stumps and stone fences at a small detachment of English tr*rt>ps ai Ifo-y marched back to after haring ac<Omjdi*hd the oh- , ject wf the expedition. At Bunker liUl, from. hh.iid‘breu*fc-wurka, they touk gvd aim aui killed nmuhers of the enemy, hut unlike the Southern troops at 'Nw d loans; dVPYe drfrett tkfr %y *k* U*f*- hut. Tbe only dthe* knot fought in; Nuw Eoglawk/wid ihat of which mu* o >y the ksrdy niaunfcfiu, eta* of Vermont and New Hampshire At Saratoga there #efh Southern troops and Northern troops, su i none did more to aohiew the victory thou did Vircisia nfleus.o. On fomg foU*ii Y*>rk foisted* W- k thli Shr* ( ■*r*> ■t' ae> TT' l\*r mmmmmSQ hi t& - - - -*• : —— .A- England troops htbs red wjtti *W *h ame fid cowardice; aUd tlfry WlbrNNib* in any battles South of Ifeaew {flame, A Ommctb i niN Mtwm.—Xhet* p JUi Xmuls. At a recent trnuiini; ui a not" - boring count? a funny old by lh oiOke eHUWct Oliibwcr (*' sfewsmakur' by trade) wHaeJccted.to ifcs :*ssgW4 jpM* pH bjw oil bid bis i(iuke€ on hm sh'WtMcr loadoA (Nth > bucks Imt. a precaution bo always took; when lie went upon (be (jdd, amt beside*,, it was prudent in case of an anticipated as-. Mult upon his ben roos*. Approaching his d*>r he cast bis eyes up towards bis new sign, ruminating upon ibe practica bility of painting on it th* title of his newly acquired dignity, but not hiving the best eyes be started back. “Sign l'*oka wort o’ dim—dim—dimothy—mJiiii, thiweveutc*.** said he in surprise, •*! can akeerecly diaearu Zckle ou it,” “Dad!, its Jim FUunigan’s been flinging mud at it!” shouted a Juvenile from behind lhi‘ wood pile. Tbe officer waac astounded, but remembering his position, be sop-* pressed bis rage, and addressed tho youth— “ Speak to yor father in that my. Sir! March, right &>nk, left face, file 1 :ft, for ward, march! In tbe house, sir. Id pa know yeu’ve called me da-da-da- lad long enough.” The urchin marched, and cor poral Glimmer brought up th,* rear in ;uil dicrly style, but still as mad ax the dick ens at the indignity that had been east upon his sign. As he entered the gale a clt in the yard bleated. The equanimity of the stalwart officer was upset by tb* frtsh sign of contempt of his power uui authority. aiprlevidiug his mn*k> tat the offending brute, he biased away. “IM| K? you know you shan’t blu biute in a olf off-huHsifcr’s yard !” be exclaimed as the calf dropped, lie th m enter'd the house, informed his wife of the laurels he bad won, and proc-eded to inaugurate a fierco military system in hi* family, and none vi hit children dare to greet him otherwise • •*ow with a prefatory touch of the cap, and a most respectful style of address. Poe corporal ha* beemue' the fkVbrite of hU company, and is fo be presented, with a full uniform by his affectionate ad mirers.— I'tLtirshurg ( l a.) Expres*. Tint Jews. The Jews thems-dves hare not prosory -d everywhere their primitive color. In the northern countries of Ko roi>e they arc white; in (terniany many of them havered beards; in Portugal they are tawney. in the Province of Cochin ( him*. where a number of them have set tle!. th y hav black ..kin*, thy do not not contract n,arris with for ctgiicrs. Pritchard says that hrre is alvo at Mattsfberi a colony of wbite J**W'*. an 1 lastly, there arc black Jw* dwelling in Africa, in the kingdom of 11 :tOU*BI. TIIUS great varietn-s of color have been pm*: dnrtcd among these people during eighteen cctituricH, but no chvttgu has occurred in ibt ir c*i*t of feature, habits or ideas. Un der a black skiu f>r h whin-. olmcrvti Gen eral r>ni:nis. in .Soudan, in S:ih*>rv. or fh-t sea-coaai town-*, everywhere, Jews haw the aanie instincts and tit two-fold aptitude fur langit<gftJUMloimincrce. ( Color, thru, is nut a fixed cborovlei ihtic. Mints, tbe inventor of th** rifle bearing his name, supervis t* an immensi; workshop in Paril. At breakfast, over his slice of melon, or at the lutl<* of V*nc*iin-s. lb*: chief is the same imtu. Tbe perfection of anus is the devouring patriot* ofbtslife. Al- fifethiognew idtkapprac tUing hii arm*. ho may any day, produce a g m*l result. In Franc:* ho it known as ! the great authority of fire-arms': and it. wav ‘ to him. therefore, that 1 d fir advice when the new imperial guard |waa lo be armed. Th<* question was i.ot slowly filtered through committee* and councils. M. Mildf was sum monad. lie stated his view* frankly aatlgiM rttmoH j fer |bte*. Xfcp K opsror lisim-d and fts- I cidod. Mr- Mioie, arused the imperial guard of Franco. Tn Bonn m Daxotttr-Wejvaro that after two weeks fiflug and druuj'.iing. to rouse up the war lever to oho finking p'MQt, tlic ‘ itrepresalHc/* t>f Tlsmiiit.it county bilvw actually WUM M m getting nineteen, valuuSeers for the purpose >f fighting the anoibem • ‘rebel*!” Whew it i| considered bat c*Kintyhstu nopuiation of 1*7,81 if.* sd it K pnblican \ny a Very lirgh msjorlty. we ere lost in asesiftsboientJMHi wowder the alacrii* mad s*mben wkh which i hive rushed JUfsaacffewuii (m# Se*ind ' jh it 6 * ud> . WadfuiU mature but v m had better have mx to your shirt Ulit lo 3 out temper. 1 - • m . T . kiiUMt btjfj • late Ilefiry ijjia-