Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 7, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 7, 1861 Page 1
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. . h . n?’.t S)l 3tt<icj! > )i Beacon. DEYOTKI) TO.UTEIiATUKE. NEWS. AND GENERAL * VOL. XVII. i MMX MARY’S BEACON H PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY J.f. KKO, 4 JAMES 8. DOWNS. i Terms or Sobscriptiom.—sl.so per mi- J sim, to be paid within six months. No' subscription will be received for a shorter period than six months, and no paper be discontinued until all arrearages are paid,l except at the option of the publishers. Tkfms op Advrrtibimo.—sl per square for the first insertion, and lb cts. for every subsequent insertion. Twelve lines er less constitute a square If the number ef insertions be not marked on the adver-1 tisement, it will be published until forbid, i and charged accordingly. A liberal de-! diction made te those who advertise by' the year SELECTED MISCEILAN 1 *** > " ' " 9 ~~ ~ Krm the Latin of Saxo-Grammaticus. ORIGINAL STORY OF HAMLET. Florwcadillua, King of Jutland, mar ried Gcrutha, (or Gertruda,) the only' daughter of Kuric. King of Denmark. | The produce of this union was a son cal led Amlettus. When be grew; toward manhood, his spirit and extraordi- > nary abilities excited the envy and hatred-; of his ancle, who, before the birth ; of : Amlettus, was regarded as presumptive l heir to the throne. Fengo which was ; the name of this haughty prince, con- i ecived a passion fur his sister-in-law, the ' Queen; awl, meeting with reciprocal feci-; lags, (hey soon arranged a plan. which. \ putting into execution, he ascended the throne of his brother, and espoused the ( widowed princes. Amlcttua, (< r Ham let.) suspecting his father hud died by the baud or devices of his uncle, deter- 1 mined to be revenged; but, perceiving: th© jealousy with which the usurper eyed i bis superior talents, and the better to con- , hi? hatred ami intentions, he affected a gradual derange men* of reason, and. at last, acted all the extravagance of an absolute madman. Fengo's guilt induced him to doubt the reality of a malady so ; favorable to his security—aud, suspicion of sotnc direful project being bidden be neath assumed insanity, he tried by dif- 1 • ferent stratagems to penetrate the truth ! One of them was to draw him into a con- \ lidential interview with a young damsel. ; who bad been the companion of his in fancy, but Hamlet’s sagacity and the’ timely caution of his intimate friend frus trated this design. In these two per sons we may recognize the Ophelia and ! Horatio of Bhakspesre; a second plot wait; attended with equal want of success. It j was concerted by Fengo that the Queen ' should lake her son to task in a private conversation, vainly flattering himself that the Prince would not conceal his true state from the feeling of a mother. £hakspcarc has adopted every part of this scene, not anly the precise situation and circumstances, but the sentiments, and sometimes the very words themselves. The Queen’s apartment was the ap pelated place of conference, where the Kjng, to secure certain testimony, bad previously ordered one of his courtiers to 1 secrete himself uudsr a heap of straw. So says the historian; and though Shakspcare j In unison with refinement of more moderp , times, changes that rustic covering for i the Royal tapestry, yet it was even as! Sax-o Grammaticus relates it. lu those primitive ages, straw, hay or rushes strewed on the floor, were the usual car pet* iu the chambers of the great. One of our Henry*. in making a progress to the north of England, previously sent for- I ward a courtier to order clean straw at ■ every bouse where be was to take his lodgings. But, to return the subject: j The Friucc, suspecting there might be b concealed listener, and that it was the King, pursued bis wild aud frantic acts, hoping that, by some lucky chance, be j might discover bis hiding-place. Watch ful of all that pasted in tip? room, as he dnfk*d from aide to side, he descried a little movement of the uneasy courtier’s covering. Suddenly Hamlet sprung on )• foci, began to crow like a cock, and ; flapping his arms against his sides, j leaned upon the straw: feeling something under him. he inatebed out bra sword and thrust it through the unfoj-tupale'lord, j The barbarism of the times is'most shuck- j ingly displayed in the brutal manner he j tßrats the dead body; but for thc.houor of the Danish Prince, we must suppose it was not merely wanton act, but done •be more decidedly t© convince the King, triton the strange situation of the corpse’ wjs seen, how absolutely he must be di vested of reason. Being assured he was flow alone with his mother, in a most awful manner be turns upon her, and avows Hip madness to be assume*!: he re-’ psyche* hyr with her wioked deeds and i,c*"tuous mafiisgc. and threatens a' frightv vengeance upon the instigator °f In iV historian. we find that the admo- • pitions of Hamlet ©wakened the conscience' Jus Qwton , td railed her to penitence ' >iltt vtrtwe. The King, observing the,! fexautc doubly suspicious of thaji JiiHr bjlflWig- 'ouit* preliminary. 1 3 - . LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY MORNJNG. MARCH 7, 1861. steps, he took to vengeance. Hamlet was • entrapped by him into an embassy to Eug i land. He sent along with him two cour- ' , tier*, who bore private letters to the Eng ! H*h monarch, requesting him. as the groß ’ test favorite coidd ceufrr on Denmark, to t me-.ibs, the •death of thd Prfoo*'tutffodiT& ha landed^ ■ Hamlet, during the voyage, bad mapia j ta suspect the mission of bis companions;' and, by a stratagem, obtaining their ere-* dentisU, he found the treacherous man • date, and, changing it for one where he l had ordered the execution of the two lords, he quietly proceeded with them. JOn landing, the papers were delivered, and the King, without further parley, 1 i obeyed what he believed to bo the request iof his royal ally; and thus did treason ! meet the punishment due to its crime. I The daughter of the King being •charmed with the person'and manners of j the foreign Prince, evinced such marks of j tenderness that Hamlet could not hut per- 1 ! ceive the depth of thp conquest. He was ■ not insensible to her attractions, aud re i ceiving the King’s assent in the course of a few days, led her to the nuptial altar, i Amid all joys he was, however, like a per- 1 ; tufbed ghost that cwuld not rest; and be fore many suns had risen and set, he ob : taiued a hard-wrung leave frsm his bride, ■ once more set sail, and appeared at El*i j norc just in time to be a witness of the J the splendid rites which Fengo (suppos-' 1 ing him to bo murdered) had prepared fu -; hia funeral. On the proclamation of hi* j arrival, he was welcomed with enthusiasm ’ i by the people, whoso idol be was, and who f S had been overwhelmed with grief when ' tengo announced to them bis sudden death in England. The King inflamed with so ruinous a ; • disappointment, and becoming doubU jealous of his growing popularity, now ut- i ■ fected no conciliation but openly manifest-! ,ed his hatred and hostility. Hamlet! i again had recourse to his pretended mail- i ns.-s. and committed so many alarming ! acts, that Fengo, fearing their direction. ■ ordered his sword lo be locked in its scab- ' bard, under the plea of guarding the luna-l i tic from personal harm. After various adventures the Prince accomplished the j death of his uncle's adherents and venge- ; ' mice on the fratricide himself, by totting 1 tire to the palace during the debauch of a j midnight banqu:t. Pushing in amid the . Haines, he kills Fengo with his own band.-, reproaching him at the moment with his : murder, adultery aud incest. Immediate-‘ ' ly on the act of retribution be was pro claimed lawful tuteessor to the throne.; and crowned with ail due solemnity, j Thus far Bh.\kespeare treads in the steps .of the annalist. The only difference is ; in the fate of the hero; in the one ke finds j a kingdom, in the other a grave. Baxo- Orammeticus carries the history further; and, after the crowning of Hamlet as i King, brings him ag:!in into Britain; ! where, in compliment to that land ot beauty, he marries a second wife, the daughter of a Scottish King. Hamlet brought both his wives back tu Denmark, , and prepared for a long life of prosperity and peace. But the sword hung over his i 1 head; war burst around him. and be fell 'in combat by the band of Vigelotes, sun i of Buric. ffaxo-Grammaticus sums up; his character iu a few words: “He was a wise Prince and a great warrior.” Like ‘ 1 Achilles, be had the principal actions ot j j his life wrought on his shield. The I daughter of the King of Scotland, casting I her eye on it, loved him for the battles , he had won, and became his bride. “THE HORRORS OF LONDON.” j The Morn ing l*ott has sent a “special j ■ correspondent” into the more wretched : quarters of Uic Metropolis to depict the j “Horrors of London.” From yesterday’s Utter we make the following extracts: I went into one of the houses in Pulteney Court —within a stone’s throw of Regent i street—aid was struck by its resemblance to one of the lowest dwellings of Bethnal | Green. The small yard seemed rotting', 1 with damp and dirt. The narrow window of the lower back room was too caked with * ! mud to be seen through, and the kitchen | was one of those black holes, filed with * untold filth and rubbish, which the inspcc- | 1 tor had condemned a twelfth-month be fore. The ©tench throughout the house, | although the front aud back doors were. well open, was almost sickening, and ' when a room door was opened this stench oainc out in-gusts. In one apartment 1 found a family of six persons, flanked by another apartment containing five. One room was a little bettor furnished than another, but the gloom of poverty, dirt, and foul air hung, overall. A lurncd-up bodslcau, dirty j and broken, a small cracked table, a couple of rickety chairs, a piece- of soap King on the table, by the ©ide ot a; greasy knife, a pail full of soaking rags, j aud a knot of sooty infants in u corner, j seemed to be the imual contents of a I room. Oi’-e thin, sharp-iaCcd boy was minding one of thews apartmente tor tba 1 tenants, while they (both husband and 1 wife) were out seeking work; and, upon j being questioned as to whether he lived there, he told us that his “houit-” was,] highor upu 1 1 ■■"■L.-Xii L— J" _ .Li J •' 7 1 He led the way to one of the garrets, j where there were mere signs of misery . still, and this, he told u. was his , “house.” The dead cinders had ooxed out of the grate iqto the room; an emp ; ty aaucepan stood on the table by the side I piece of soap ; a cracked teacup was ;on the flodk; an old collapsed bedstead, Mi*£ 4 *■©■ 1 ,ua, ■ rtui.>o om\saatttJ*iiJhe jUnui aspect of the plane was heightened by two or three flower-pots, full of black earth and dry sapless sticks. The boy’s mother was a po>r shirt-maker, deserted by her husbuud, and left with this one child. In the next garret was a shoemaker and his family, a wife and three chil dren. The room whs tidy, and even comfortable, though the work-bench un der the window was idle. The rent of this apartment was thr e shillings a week, although the roof hud'been broken iu half a dozen places by the snow.— The man. upon being questioned why he lived in such a bole at such a rent, with the ceiling scarcely higher than his heal, spoke about his long residence in the parish, his familiarity with its people and its ways, and his dread of going into another neighborhood, which he said would he hkc a “foreign country” to him. This dislike of going amongst stran gers is the feeling which keep* up rents. hikJ keeps the working population hud dled together, :nd poor. In another room was consumptive tailor, working i on a .-hoplioard under (In; window; faced hv his wife, who was also employed in the same trade. One child was playing , between them on (he board, another on i the floor, and tK'e more were in the street. The man was almost bent dou ble with disease and long stooping: and. bjd as he was. he was only like hun dreds of his class. Seen dimly through the garret windows, opposite were many more similar work men, and many garrets in the neighbor hood contained half :i dozen yellow, crooked workmen, stitching themselves into their graves as they *it eross-leggcd on the floor. His employment, like that of most of the tail irs in this diatriet, conics chiefly from the West End houses, and he lias to live in the neighborhood t<> be with in reach of his master©. He was working painfully at swine tough piece of army cloth. , In another small street, called Xcw street, remarkable for its condemned kitch ens, was a little broker’s shop, which look ed miserably bare of stock. An old betl tead and one or two small articles stood at the door, but the interior w.b empty.— The room at the Lack of the shop, where the owner and his wife lived, with swven children, was aU> nearly empty, for the bedstead at the dour was almost the last of their own domestic furniture. The man was a French-polisher out of work, and hit hy Lit bii little home had been broken lo pieces and sold to passers-by. i It was suggested that an application to the parish was a proper thing titular the circumstances; hut the wife proudly de clined to ask for *nch charity, saying they were well known in the neighborhood, and after poor-law relief they w-ould never be able to hold up tm*lr heads. This is a i very common feeling, especially among poor-rate payers. The most singular hole and corner in the district, is No. C. Hus band street. It is a small yard contain ing a dust bin. a water tank, a couple of lower rooms or cellars, that look like con demned cells, aud a number of rooms with black wooden exteriors, reach* d by ladders, and supplied with rude balconies. , The popul.ition of each room on each flat can look ovei into the yard from these balconies, which help, in some degree, to ventilate the place. Each room is crowd ed with a distinct family, having many children; and on*, room contains a moth er-in-law. in addition to the usual family. In one of the small garrets in an old char wumun, living by herself, who is going to the infirmary in a few days; and iu the other garret is a widow with three chil dren, who support© herself as a tailorees. Her few goods were seised for rent at her last lodgings, and she is now left without a single article of furniture, except a few rag© for a bed. The children were squatting en the bare boards, and she was standing up stitching at a piece of scarlet cloth at the window. 1 One advantage of living “tenements,” as 1 it is called, is that the poor come together ami help each othjr, or their lot would of ten be harder than it is. The miserable lodger who has nc fire can ©ften run up or down and sit with one who is more com- • forublv situated; and many a hungry mouth is tilled, or naked form partly cloth ed by those who 1 are little mure than a . few crumbs to share. Items fretn Montgomery. . j The correspondent of the Charleston Courier furnishes some items of interest ! from Montgomery. We quote from a

letter published on Tuesday : A house haa been rented here for the President at an ere. rmous rent. But whether Montgomery will become the permanent l seat of gyvemaicut i very problematic, j .- / i Huntsville, o Ink Charleston ami Mcm r phis Railroad, Mn be a good location, i but for the abcfttnable Union sentiment I that prevails thea?e and makes it utsrc like Tennessee than' Alabama. The hissing ; i! of Southern me*, at Nashville, in 1850,, i by a mob in tbsaidlema, can neither be ! forgotten ncr sflßkoksd in selecting .a scat of gofegjßfiliiiffi For the Got 100 taK soJm6<*k* range would be most appropriate. 31acon, Ga ,is suggested as a good place. But, nous re r whs. | Among the sojourners here there are several that you may like to hear of. Capt. Ingraham arrived several days since, was warmly welcomed by his many friends and admirers, and has been in consultation. I wish we had some good work for him. But where in our navy ? Gen. lienning sen, the real head iu all of General Wal ker's expeditions against Nicaragua, is ! here too. The General is quite a tall, fine, military-looking min. Sparc and gaunt, he stands about six feet two. His i face is a strong one and intelligent—rather foreign in appearance. Large, clear grey eyes, shaggy eye-brews, a retreating fore head, rather small head, with a very mill-, tary c u rings;, culling brown hair a little toadied witli grey, a slight closc-trim med moustache, the face shaved, and only : a strip loft running from the ear under the throat. He appears to bo about 45 years of age. His conversation is very interesting, and his information upon mili tary run tiers extensive--net only by prac tical experience and observation, of which few men have had more, but also by! lo ading. He is evidently a thinking man, and not a mere w ild filibuster, as some sup pose him. There may be room for his en ergies north of Nicaragua. Tlie gallant Capt. N. G. Evans, dis tinguished for many daring feats of cour j age, a native of the old Palmetto State, i has also just arrived here, en route fur , home from Texas, lie has been detained here by the President, who says he wants him. He may shortly be expected iu i Charleston. ! Com. Rogsoau. of Louisiana, and Msim- Chase, me iiere too. The Major, by the j way. might have taken possession of Fort Pickens at, the same time that Fort Haran- j cas was occupied. Military men here sav it could easily have been done. Now it is almost impregnable. • Illusions from Delirium Tremens- i I That disorder culled delirium tremens, i or vulgarly Uur d> tils, is commonly in duced by continued • xeess iu the use of in toxicating liquors, or poisonous drugs. It is u disorder intimately connected with a derangement ot the digestive functions.— So long as a person can take food, he is comparatively secure against the disease, i but when his stomach rejects common nourishment, and he persists in taking stimulants, the effects are for the most part speedily visible. The first symptom ,is commonly a slight derangement of the healthy powers of (he senses of seeing and hearing A ringing in the ears takes place, then any common noise, such as I the rattle of h carriage on the street, as-j names, to tire bearing, a particular sound, ‘ arranges itself Into a particular tune per haps. or certain words, which haunt the sufferer, auc are by-aud-by rung into his cars on the recurrence of every noise.— i i The proverb. “As the fool thinks eo the bell links." become applicable iu his case. • ; His souse of seeing, iu the meantime, bc gings to show equal disorder, and figures j float before him perpetually when his eyes are closed at night. By day, also, objects ! seem to move before him that are really i stationary The sense of touch, taste and smell, are also involved in confusion. In this way the disturbance of the sense goes on increasing always with ths disorder of, the alimentary functions, until the unhap py victim is at last visited most probably in the twilight, by visionary figures as dis tinct in outline as living beings, and which seem to speak to him with a voice of life. At firft he mistakes them for realities; but soon discovers his error, and is thrown into the deepest alarm. If he Ins the ; courage to approach and examine any one of the illusory figures, he probaby finds that some fold of drapery, or some shadow, has been the object converted by his dis ; eased sense into the apparition, and he mat ha also find tint the voice was only some simple household sound, converted into the strange speech by his disordered ear; fox the senses, at hast in the early stages of thU disease, rather convert than r rmt€\ though the imaginary may differ widely from the real substance. If reme dies arc not ay plied the patient will grow ■ worse, till at length the spectral figures and voices will become entirely the crea tion of bis own faay. and seem to do or say anything that may lx? uppermost in the fancy at the moment, encouraging him to self-murder of every possible motive—; The whole consists merely of his own fan cies, bodied forth to.him visibly and audi bly in seeing ud hearing organs. Ills own poor head is the seat of all; them is , i nothing apart from hiui hodiiug fcnt * vacancy. IIeI.I’ER AT A DISOOIXT EVEN IX 010. • The Dayton (Ohio) Empire of the 19th, wit., gives the'author of the “Impending Crisis" the following “first-rate notice ; The Cincinnati Commercial of yesterday j announced that the author of the “Im ! pending Crisis ” Hinton H. Helper, would | lecture in Dayton last night. The mum ' ftnsio which brought u the in formation*Uo . Uougbvio or. city Mr. Hipcr and hie agent. The former, we are told, “stop ped wdth an acquaintance and friend up : town.*' the latter called at our office and 1 ordered a notice in the paper and a lot cf ‘ circulars for general distribution, announc ing a lecture on the “United States,” at : Huxton Hall, last night. The hall was lighted up. twenty-three tickets were sold,; and after waiting a reasonable time for more customers, the agent “slipped away” and the gas was turned off. The proprie tor of the hall was, at a late hour last | night, endeavoring to find the “Author of' the Impending Crisis,” who, it seemed, j was endeavoring to escape the consequen- , oes of his own work. We were not an entirely disinterested observer of the course ' of events, as the agent had neglected to . meet an “impending crisis” at our couu-i tor. . Helper hail some printing done at the hmptn Job R.mma, which his agent man-, age.l to have taken from the office by 1 tlon nriyht lying, in temporary absence of the foreman. The bill was presented at the door of the hall last evening, w hen ( the agent promised to call and settle it in fifteen minutes. As he has not yet called, and we loam that a number of our eitisens ■ are yet waiting for the expiration of the ■ afon said fitteeu minutes, we give him the i benefit of this notice*, and tender it as our i receipt in full for our claim ngainst Hinton Bowan Helper, who entered the political ‘ world as the calumniator amd villi fier of ; his own people, puffed into notoriety by . prominent Republican leaders, and now, as when he left his native Slate, swindles those who trust him. 1 B. iv— Just as we were going to press, ( we heard a rumor that Helper’s agent had i been arrested upon complaint of the g n tlemau who rented the hall. ✓ Tixas lUrsixa ax Armv.— The Gal veston (11 than of the 13'h instant savs : \ "The Legislature appears to have doin • all in its power for the defence of the fron-; tier and the relief of the Treasury. “An act lias been passed to authorise* i t,ic organisation cf companies of mounted ( men. sixty men in each frontier county, ten of whom may remain constantly in ser vice, and cal! out the remainder of the company for any time not exceeding I twelve days a* one time; the said compa- i nlcs to furnish their own arms, horses, provisions, and ammunition, and to re- ! ceivo pay as follows: Privates and non-! commissioned officers. £1.50; Lkutcn- 1 ants. £2; Captains £2 50 per day each for every nay s actual service. To provide money, the House has passed a bill au-| thorizing the issuance of treasury warrants! to all parties having claims against the 1 State, and making such warrants receiva ble for taxes. “The House has also passed a bill au thorizing (he Governor to issue State! bonds to the amount of five hundred thou sand dollars, in case of invasion from any, quarter, one-fifth of the whole annual • Slate tax to be appropriated as a sinking, tund until the bonds arc paid. “Should those acts become laws, as is | probable, we shall soon return to the! .good old days of a depreciated paper cur- j rency. and the defenders of the frontier' and others will have more money than gold or silver ” The Anderson Case in Parliament.— In the House of Commons, on the Stla iust , 11. B. Sheridan afforded Lord Pal-! uier.itou an opportunity of making au im portant statement relative to the case of the fugitive slave Anderson. The noble 1 Viscount pointed oat that the judgment of the Canadian Court of Queen’s Bench did not amount to a warrant for the sur render of the prisoner. The issuing of a warrant for that purpose rested with the Governor-General, and that personage had received instructions not to deliver Ander son to ihe authorities of Missouri without the consent of the Home Government. ! There was, therefore, not the slightest! danger that the prisoner would be given up before the arrival of thu writ of habeas corpus issued bv the Court of Queen's Bench in this country. His Lordship said there was no ground for the asser tion that the Ashburton treaty was ob scurely worded, and in this ease it would be the duty of the American' authorities to prove that Anderson had committed an offence, which, by the law of England, was murder. He would not j ene§r into the question whether a slave ■ was justified in taking the life of a man, who attempted to arrest him while he wm endeavoring to escape from the clutches of his owner, but be “was perfectly satis fied that no English jury would pronounce the act to be murder/* * What miss will nun any man ? Mk management. •( s -' NO- 10 j During the reign, of Janie* IT , | when the King was much disliked for hi* * oppression and the number of taxes im (posed on the people, his majesty, in th* . Srogreas of a tour, stopped at Sudbury, in uffbik, when the corporation resolved to j address him; but as the major did not pi>s- Mss mutih literature, it was settled that ' the town cleric should be his prompter. • Being JutmduaaddwtW Umtfn ptesenee, the town clerk whispered to toe trembling mayor. j “Hold up your bead, and look like % : man.” Hie worship, mistaking this for the beginning of a speech, reported aloud to . the King, “hold up jour head, and look like a man.” The town dork, in amnxe, again 'whis pered him, “What do you moan by this, sir?” The mayor, in the same manner, rc -1 peated. | “What do you mean by this, sir?” The town clerk, alarmed, whispered still more earnestly— | “I tell you, sir, ybu’ll ruin us all.” I Thirst wonsu than Minoru— Tho disturbance to the general system which is ' known by the name of raging thirst is far ! n '°ro terrible than that of starvation, and for this reason t louring the abstinence 1 from food, the organism can still live upon its own substance; but during ab i stioeßce from liquid, the organism has no such seurce of supply within itself. Men I have hern known to endure absolute pri i vution of food for some weeks, but three days of absolute privation of drink futile** • in u moist atmosphere) is, perhaps, the limit of endurance. Thirst is the most 1 atrocious torture ever invented by oriolt i tal tyrants. It is that which most cf j fectully tames animals. Mr. Kstly, when he had a refractory horse always used thirst as the most effective power of coercion. gi\ing a little water as the re ward for every act of obedience. Tho histories of shipwrecks paint fearful pic ■ turos of suffering from thirst, and one of the most appalling cases known is the cele brated imprisonment of one -hundred and forty-si* men in the Hlack Hole of Cal | '•utta.— Llucl i- uiAl. , , .. , * * - Thr IVwlic Fina\cr—The necessity i Tor an im reuse .>f duties has been dearly exhibited in I lie debate oh the tariff just passed. It appears that when this Admin istration earns into power, the public debt amounted to £2H.0<>0,35(3 !)0, There wan a balance in the Treasury on the first of July. 18;*f, of £17,71<,1 14 27. leaving h balance of indebtedness of £11.350,22*2 - j I*3, while the present acknowledged debt is £87,0(K).00t; or, in lading delta ac km>wled by the departments and by one or the other of tlie two Houses, is ov r $00,000,000 The interest on thu i* about £..7t0,0 t;o—fhe oppose of eoj- Iccting the revenue is ia0.014.14 and the expenses for the in xt fiscal year were estiiiiuAsi by .Secretary Uobb at $45, - 650.282 (1. Add to these several large claims passed at the present Congress, ami the wants for the next fiscal year will be million* of dollar*. This - shows the necessity which existed for so increasing the duties as to meet the reve nue wants of the Government, without any reference to the great question of “protection."’— Phi. Inquirer. —• ••• w How tiik ArpoiNTMxaT or Mkmrkrs op Cokg rksr is Mad* —When the census of the United States is fully completed, it ia the duty of the Secretary of the Interior to divide the whole number of free persofis with three-fitths of the slaves by two hun dred and thirty three, the present number ;of memWrs, and the product shall be tho ratio of one member. The Secretary of the Interior shall then proceed in the same manner to ascertain the n prcKutative population of each State by the ratio al ready determined by him as al>o\c shown, and the result of this lust division shall be the number of n preM-iiUtiveH appointed to each Stale. The loss iu the number of members caused by the fractions re maining in the several States shall be cou pen sated for by assigning l so many States having the hugest fractions, an au ditions} member each for the fraction, as may be neceasaiy t make the number of repre*. ntativee tvto hundred and thirty - thrre. w • - , Happix*!*.—Tillolaon truly *ay that man counts happiness in a thousand hapa and the faster be follows it, the swifter it flies from him. Almost everything prom ise* happiness ts uMS a distance—such a step of honor-; saUdt-a pitch of estate—such a fortune, dr match fur a child—but when we come nearer-te it, either we fall sliert of or it falls short of our expectations; and it is bard to say which of these ia the great er disappointment. Out bop*is are use-, ally larger than the enjoyment can antisiy; and an evil long feared. bsatdii that iC may never come, is many ::ue DTB painful and troublesome thaw (2m cyi) iUplf wbtu it oomCtf.