Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 7, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 7, 1861 Page 2
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saint MARY’S BEACON LEONARD TOWN. MO. THORSOAY MuRNINU, MARCH 7. HMI Lincoln's Inaugural. The late hour at which we received ibtr President's Inaugural, prevents os from giving it in full in our pweit issue. Without wc have laisundcnsttooJ its mean* iig. it breathes a warlike upirit. Mr. • Lincoln, however, intimates that he will not make war. unless war is agreeable to the American people or should the mean* of making war be withheld from him. We take Mr. Lincoln** declaration* npon this paint to mean, that he will cocrcc and sub jugate the South, if the North will ntain him. Mr Lincoln asserts that the Union is perpetual and indistmetable under any and all circumstances. “It follows, from these views, that no Stale upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union.” Blr. Lincoln says he intends to nae the power of the government ta “hold, \ occupy and possess the property and place* belonging to the government, and to col- j lect the duties and imports.” We con strue this to mean, that he intends to exe cute the Inwa of the United States within ; the jurisdiction of the seceded which is war. Notwithstanding iheav declarations, however, he makes as argu-; went in favor of peace and advocates | conciliatory policy. Sp**akiig of the j Inaugural, the Snn in substance says: It j proposes to ths State* unconditional auh- 1 mission to Black Republican rule, with ■ the alternative of war and subjugation. It { is sectional and mi*ch*-ivus. and studious- j ly withhold* any sign of recognition of that 1 equality of the States upon which Union , alone can be obtained. If it meant what j it aaya, it is the knell and requiem ef the i Union, and the death of hope. It eW*s with a series of vague and unmeaning professions of concern for tko welfare of; the country; a comparison of results and consequences between Union and disun- i ion and a suggesti on in favor of a eonvea- • tion of the States to amend the Constitu-' tion. We give below the sever*! para graphs of the Inaugural which refer to the subject ef coercion that our readers may j draw their own infereuou* : “It follows, from these views, that no | State, upon its own mere motion, can law- ! fully out of the Union—that rssolvaal and urdinanceß to that effect ere legally | void;.and that acts of viol* nr* within any j State or States against the authority of th- ; Suited States are insurrectionary or revo- { lotionsry. according to circumstances. “I therefore consider, that in view of the * constitution and the laws, tin* Union is un broken. and to the extent of my ability, I ) shall take care, as the constitution express- ’ ly enjoin* upon me, that the Uws> of the , Union W faithfully executed iu all the j States. I * Being this I deem to be only a simple ■ duty on my part, and 1 shall perform it *• j far a* nraciicahb, unless my rightful mas- i ter*, the American people, shall withhold! the requisite menu*, or in sumo auikorUn- I tivc manner direct the contrary. *T trust that this will not he regarded at ! a menace, but only as the drvlared purpose ; of the Unian. that it will constitutionally j defend and mnintniii itself. Iu doirgthis, * there need be no bloodshed or violence, ! and there shall be none unices it be forced ! npo the national authority. “The power cou6dd to me will be used ! fo hold, occupy and posses* the proper! t j and places belonging ;o the government, I >ud to collect the duties nnu imposts, but j leyoud wbst tray he m vessary for then | ♦ jrct*. there will be no invasion, no using i •>f force against or amongst the people any ' h*c. * h here hostility to the United States in any interior locality shall be so great and M universal as to prsvent competent resi dent citiscu* from holding the federal off. vs, there will be uu attempt to force ob noxious str ngara among th* for that t •hject. | “While the strict legal right may xi?t in the government to enforce the exerci*e f these oCccs, the attempt to do so would be so irritating and so nearly impracticable with all, that 1 deem it better to foregsf r um lime the uses of such office*. The mail*, udl.m repelled, will continue to be furhished in all parts of the Union. “Be far as possible, the people every where bldl hate that sense of perfect secu lity which it most favorable to calm thought a&d reflection. “The course here indicated will be fol lowed, unless current events and experi ence shall show a modification or change to be proper; and in every esse sad exi gency n;y best discretion will be exercised according to circumstances actually exist ing, and with a view and a hope of a peace ful solution of national troubles, and the Tt storatiou of fraternal sympathies and si factions.” The Kail We arc authorised to state that the mail to this village will arrive hereafter at 10 o'clock, p. m., and leave the same night at 12 o'clock, Buuday night excepted.— Thu mail will leave Leonard Town for the lower offices on Mondays and Thursdays at 7 o'clock, a. m., returning every Tues day and Thursday at 4 o'clock. p. to. Ackuowrledgmeiita Onr thanks arc dnt to Col. John F. Beat, ef our county, for public documents M-nf ua (Iwug (bo wwim of the loie Paso* Congress. jUPMPqy i r —iTTI Thu Pease Coer**t This body brought its protracted dt lih | erations to a cluee on Wednesday of last week-. As we ( redictcd two weeks g \ those who expected little of these tvumo makers wre the true j rophrts. Tb-y adapted, indeed. riD'tliiti|r which they called a c wpr*miie. but as Mr. Hunter stated upi. its introduction in the .Senate. 1 “it put- the fc’outh iu a wnr condition than it now ocoupica under the Constitu tion snd the Drtd Scott decision. It prohibit* slavery north of 36 30, snd gives the South the rhaoce of another law suit sg to her rights in th* territory south of that parallel. It provides that the Mtaliu of person? h Id to service shall not he changed. The status of such person* varies in the different States, and yet it ! cannot be changed when they reach the , territories. Thu* a •lavchoider may not Ibe able to emancipate bis slave if the law of the State from which he comes prohib its it. Under this compromise the right i of a in as tr to his property has to be adju dicated before the Territorial Courts, without appeal to the Supreme Court of 1 the United States. The judges of these i Courts will be the appointees of a p: rty wl i-h assert* that the normal condition of the Territories is that of freedom. It j n ,kc no provision for future Territories. The provision that no territory shall Lo acquired wiibout the cor.i<-ct of a majority of the representatives of both sections, i effectually excludes the South from auv more territory, for it is not to be thppcsed that the free States, already in a Urge ma jority and likely soou to be still further strengthened, will permit the few remain- i ring slave States to control tbtir wi*bei us"; to the acquisition of territory. The clause j making it tbe duty of Congress to pars ■ laws prohibiting the importation of slaves ! beyond the limits of the United Stater. ; will prevent the interchange of slaves he- ! tween the State* sad the Southern Cm-; federacy. The clause that Congress shall provide by law for securing to the citit'iis of each Stale the privileg*-* and imuiuni- ' ties of vititen* in the several Sta Us. give* | I Congress the to interfere in matters belonging to tbe States, and opens the * slave* States to the intrusion of abolition • j emissaries ” We give b-low, the Ctm- 1 promise in full, as an act of justice to! | the members of the Peae* Congress, and ; j invite for it the impartial judgment of our , readers. i j Section 1. In all the present territory | of the Uuited States, north of the parade* ; ■ thirty-six degrees thirty minute* of north j > latitude, involuntary servitude, except in l j punishment of crime is prohibited In all I I the present territory s uth of that line ; tin status of porsoim held to involuntary I service or labhr. a* it row exist?, shall u-i i be changed. Nor shall any law 1m; passed ; by Congress or the Territorial Legislature j to hinder or pn-vent. the taking of such. I perfcon* from wny of the State* of this Union lo said territory, nor to impair rhe ‘ rights arising from said relation. But riu ! : ame shall be subject to j idicia! cogtiixanec ; lin the frderul courts, Hc:ording to tin- j I course of the common bivr. When snv i i territory north or sonth of said line, with, | tuck boundary as Congress may prescribe, : shall ermtain a population equal to that rc- | quired for a meiuher of Congress, it sholl, ‘ l if it? fori* '-f g *-rmiicnt be republican, jhe autiiitivd into the Union oh an eq u* i ; iriolltig with the original States, wit i l or without iwvobmtv-y servitude, as tbr I constitution of the Statu may provide. ‘[This was adopted by a vote of 0 to B.J Sec 2. No territory shall he acquired ! by the Uuited States except by discovery | and fur naval and commercial sutian#. de pots, and transit o uter, without the con currence of a majority of J1 the Senators from States which uiiow involuntary ser vitude, and a majority <f all the Senators from States which prohibit that rriatiji.; nor ."bull territory bo acquired by lr :il} , ualesit the votes of a majority of the Scu*- * lure from each class of States hereinbefore wcnlionfi be cast ae a part of the two thirUs majority necessary to the raliSca tion ofsUfb treaty. ' Vdnpied by a vole of 11 to J Hvc. 3 Nrilbf-r the sontitution, acr any HHirndtuent thereof, shall be construed to give Ccngrcss power lo regulate, alol ish, or control, within any State, the rela tion established or recognised by the laws thereof touching perrons held to labor or involuntary service therein, nor to inter fere with or abolish involuntary service in tbe I*i*trict of Columbia without the I consent of Maryland and without the consent of the owners, or making the owners who da not consent, just compen sation; nor the power to interfere with or prohibit representatives and others from bringing with them to the District of Co lumbia. retaining and taking away, per sons so held to labor or service; nor the power to interfere wiib ar abolish involun tary service In places under ibe exclu sive jurisdiction of the United States w ith in thoee States and Territories where the same is established or recognixed; nor the power lo prohibit the removal or trans portation of persona held to labor or in ! voluntary service in any State or Territo ■ ry of the United Slates to any other State . cr Territory thereof where it is established ( cr rccogniard by law or usage; and the right daring transportation, by ara river. 'T touching at choree, ports, or landing*, and of Wiing in com of distress. hall exist; Int tot tbe right of transit in or through any Stale or Territory, or of sab cr traffic, against the laws thereof. No: shall Congress Lave power (o authorise B *t.v higher rate of tax Iliou on persons held to law or service than on Und. The * bringing into the District of Columbia ol p*rstmt| held Ip hib< or aeniev for nak* ! or pUcing them in tfr-pot* u le nftervhr ls j transferred lo other ploe-s for *U* •• merchandise. is prohibited. (Adopted by ’ j u "U f IS to 7. j i Ciec. 4 The third paragraph of* the scnkd * ctiou **f the fourth article of the ' • ouatiiut.un shall u*t he cubit rued to pre i vent cii) of the Staten, hr appropriate leg- i * iris tion and through the a*t|ioi of their | judicial and ministerial iffioer*, from en-* iureieg the delivery of iisginvt-* from 11 UW it- the person lo wl. ui aticii labor or ! service ia due. [Adopted hy a rote of lo to 4 ] Sec. 5. The foreign slave trade is here- , !by forever prohibited; and it ahull he the ! duty uf Congrev? lo |US't lans ui prevent the importation of slaves. coolies, wr per- j pons held to service or labor, into tin | I United Staten and the Territ“rl*s from . ■ places beyond the limits thereof, j Adopt- | 11 ed by a vote of 16 to 5. Sec. 6. The fir?t. third and dfth see- 1 lions, together with this section of the i I muciidmcntg, and the third paragraph of ’ I the second section of the first article of J the constitution, and the third paragraph !of the second section of the fourth arti cle thereof, shall not be amended or I abolished without the consent **l all th • States. [Adopted by a vole of 11 to 9.J Sec. 7 Congress shall .srovidn by liw '- that the United States sbiu!) pay to the | 'owner the full valuusf his |gitive from Übor. in all cases whore the marshal, nr , j other officer, whose duty it was to arrest such fugitive, wjs prevented from d**ing ; by violence cr intimidation from mobs or ' | riotous assemblages, when, after arrest, j j such fugitive wa? rescued by -ifce violence ; lor intimidation, and tlmomwr thereby de prived tf the same; and she acceptance 1 jof such payment shall preobid - the owner from fuithrr claim to cuch fugitive. Con-: : gress shall provide by law for securing t * to the ride rs of each State the privileges ‘ ! ami in. in uni lit s of citizens in the gt-vcr-l < : States.“ [Adopted l\ u vote of 12 to 7 : I. " : j Since the above wa? in type, wc see that ! Congress has adjourned without taking any : ! action in reference to tbc reenmmen Nations ; J ;of the Peace Congress. An effort was } ] made to get a vote upon the Crittendon ; i Proposition but wih**ut effect. The Cur- i ; j win or House Resolutions, however, wer-* : I passed : They are as follow* : j “No amendment of this Const it utba. j j having for its object any interf? rence with- ' *in the States with the relation between j | their citizens and those discribcd in sec-j , tion second ol the first article of the Out*- , . Btiiution as “all otln r persons” shall origi- ! ; nate with any state that d.u’s not recog- j j uizo that relation within it* own limits, | \ shall be valid without the assent of every M ; one of the Stales composing the I : iii**i. ; J “No amendment shall be male to the i! Constitution which will authoriz? or give to Congress the power to abolish or in- ; i terfvrc, within any Slate, with the domes- | * j tic institutions thereof, including that of person? held to labor or service by the ; . laws of said Slate.” - We see that the inauguration eereino- J ' nice parsed off without any interruption ■or incident worthy of particular mention. It is no! yet certainly known who arc to . be the member* of Mr. Lincoln’* cabinet. —— Wheat TLit crop is beginning to “manifest”': j itself, under the genial influence of the i i past week’s weather It loks healthy | 1 and vigorous, but it i* apprehended thm iit is a little 100 forward, unless it riioul 1 i * . j | turn out that the winter t* broken. •2T DV I ! Among the graduate* at the fifty-fourth ' | annual commencement of the University | ' of .Maryland on Saturday last in Baltimore. ! j' ’ ! Iwe notice the names of Charles Combs, i I { l NY it liam \N oodard aud W. S. Blackistonc. )cf our countv. I i [LuMJZUMC.t TKD. Celebration of the 22nd of February. jby the ClijUrn Guardi at the Clifton factory i .VcK.tri Kditffr*. —Tuesday the 26 th of . ■ February was the day impart by the \ j “Clifton Guards,” Capt. J. Edwin CoaL 1 j te celeb. :.U the anniversary of the birth of i j George Washington. The Bt. Inigoes’ j i Dragoons, C&pt. llandulph Jones, wore ; ’ proseut by invitation and pbtticipaui iu ? , the celebration. In a fine wood, aoj iccnt to ! the tillage, the two companies mounted ! and iu full uniform marched out on % field Cowacd by Dr. NV:. M. Abell, the “J>ra ■' goons’* taking the lead and the “Guards” j - forming in the rear. In this field, the 1 *: drill commenced and was executed in a ■ | manner to do credit to veteran soldiers.- ? j The martial appearance and bearing of th • I ; two companies as they went through th? i - drill elicited groat applause from the larg • r number of ladies and gentlemen who had ! > j adsombled at Dr. Abell's and at the village - -; to witness the parade. As soon as the - - drill was over it was announced that speak ; {ing was about to commence. The “Dra- \ - i goons’’ were then invited over to the Tav-' - j ern kepit by Miss Sihmce. and. after being j ■ * seated in the piazza a few moments, th’- i e “Guards” wiredrawn np iu line in front ? of the Hotel, when Oapt. Coad stepped . forward and introduced to the crowd az . scinuled John H. llebb. Es^r., who read - with great fluency and lu-tc Washington’? Farewell Address, which was received i with loud applause. At the conclusion of tithe “Address.” Capt. Coad introduced . 1 George Thomas, Esqr., the Orator of the I>y. to the Company. The oration of II Mr. Thomas was acknowledged by all who r heard it to be a masterly display of clo t tjuvnee, to evince una- u,.i if not oxtraor ; ainary powers of mind and to indicate a e > brilliant promise fur the youthful orator, i The remarks of Mr. Thomas were chiefly c ot a historic character, but he retired in f conclusion ic pointed and patriotic trrni'- . w> tbe yrrtrzx rrias at tin ecuurry. lit* JyiijilLM inMT remark throughout were r-ceivfsl with groat demonritratioiM °f delight and ap plause Do ing th** many of the fair sex f the count} were pu-vnt. whose hiitfbl eyes sud smUing taC|p lent additional ze*-* and inrero-t tt* the cckura* tion. A UKfWuoii'* dnni hsl ke-*n oro ▼ided for th* at ebteh l*o4h e* iiipani**9 w* re r*t *d. and v.-nj *•! ’be b 4 qiiaUl) wa- in shoti'b* l **. i *pl. Jones, of the “Dr.. r*K>us,’ Ltieg iTr hk follows: “Geuik-uiro. 1 hive o rt bee:i taught to dnnev or speak, hut what 1 hq>e i- h-ttrr. I have been taught to *teud huidi*r t> >hi>ulder with brave fri* nds. ready to siait the cnrniy of my conu’ry ’* Cul Ciad. in i w t toast, guve

i the following : •‘The rn*'Ti and the Constituih*nal rights of all the .Stan * f**r the sake f the 1 States, hut under any eircunistawces. end 1 under nil circumstances, the 1 ni<>u ot the South fur the sake of South.” Major Jwhu 11 Milbum gave the follow ing in respous* 1 to an tht-r t*af: “Our rights in the U.i *n we can. but nur right? in or out of the Union.** Iu r*w|viise to another toast, Capt. Coad gave the fallowing: **A hoj.r. That vhaievfr frod taueljt ur lird hr trod, W- d'hi uii n eetniiion lod.” Ijt. Henry I Carroll gave the follow ing: “J.*ff. , rsf'n Ttavis* President of the South ern KepuMir.*’ Thomas W. Gough. Etqr , gave the following ; “The Stwtrs *'f V!rgtiii;i au.J Marvbtnd. having g r - vku tog* liter in f.rospority. they sh*u!d ciing rog t -th*r ia adversity. Like the Siamese Tw : ns, iv divide lh-ui, would b*‘ to kill boll. ” Dinner bring now over, the ••flic* i in coniniind of each company ordered out their respective eauimands f*r am*ther <irill. during whi**h tb* v -v re inspeetc*! by the colonel of th** U> gimeiit, and I am to ay that both companies p->.s?d a sati.-fa.torv iu?p*cti..n. I am bappy to sav. in e-*nclnsi*n. that during the whole •* # # # dav. not a -ingle in'fxi.*at**u man wa? to be (***eri. and that cvrv thing ps-**ed off in the ill->l p-accable and qiirt tii;.l!iur im agi::aUl*. SPEECH, f\liirrd thr jrob'ifp'oil N— it ty tit GhfirLtt* HU. Frtty. i l'2r J, I>•* 1. by W H. MITCHELL. In the spirit of the Highlander who. with foot upon hi** native heath, drink* it. the rich air of tlje mn. ning and sip- afr* ?L fr‘M* the fountains of h't* early limn*. 1 join you in the cer**:nonie< of to-dav. ae e*ptii!r an apj as unexpected a * it wa- unnieriu *!. and as g''n**r*>uz iu otherr - • I • •!- it jm fUilwoti g,rn n*y>* .t. Ages ago. Mr PrcNiacnt. w-rr earvc*l upon the pK-r.did toinb of a Per sian tlicac words-—*’() man I wh*'?*>eve: tljou art ami wlkncesiH’ver llion comes! (for com*. 1 know thou wilt ) I k*o Cvrii?, tout*- </♦• ifthr /V r<u. a AtCXandrt pained above il.v libelled dust, and wej; over ll.e vanity, tb- nothingn* mi of earth Upon the brink *>f a neighboring riv er. abut in by ;!.<• sbudu* lie loved, then sleeps to-day a man th in. Cyru*. Ami they hav- written upon the cuflin lid his simple name, and hung upon tlu arches round, no word* hot iron, tie* ehisel o| .** king, not the “Metie Tetri” that amotc the knees and startled the vision of Ue]tshr.zz**r, but the glad Wvirds of Martha’s Go<l—“I am the resurrection and the life. He that believrth in me though he were dead, yet shall he live.” The conquerors c f B.bylr*n have long since crumbled with her ettad. 1- ar*d silver altars, while the spirit of your Washington moves sternal along the cor ridors of time, melting the mists that blind uh and belting the wuiid with light. It iu* nt for me, Mr. Chairman, to fr eken the bays upon such a brow or , tend a polish to aucii a name. Pecans to NVuithi.iglou arc but av “hounding I brass / ami tinkling cymbals ” ILmera ■ to him arc but as firework*, falling from j the eky they would invade, to pul* ami |crimplc before the fin* r glories, of bis sph ndid immoruil'.y. I The history of the u.-sn, replete with | the evidences of hi? moti v-*, ha* long been ■ indelibly written oti your bran, and has j exhibited t* the world a mode 1 of pure | bcncvoUnre an*l aclf-creztcd gr••ato••sx; , ; “AkoT* all Qr*sk, ali Romtu I'.ai^e.’’ * He was a patriot in the mi*t unlimited and **xalt‘d sens** of th- worJ. Prom the first dawning of ntanlntod tn the verv in staiit of hi> dissolution, u * was distinguish led by every quality, whivh ohara-nerizes -the great, the wise, the good. His histo ry is emphatically the hivtory ofbis nation It is a chain of noble acts from the b* gin- I ning to the end It is the Koran of bis i people, and God grant that it may prove th'- 1 gla j Shckimk through the bowlings c r lbij | storm. j The analyst or student of Waßbington’* life, while charmed with its beautiful con . F’stency, is often at a losr to discover the i culminating p*>iut of his greatness When laud wher* o** he at the acme of hi? ; glory ? Was it a hen a fresh faced hoy. I more than hundred years ago, marching jup to the strict Hue of duty, he pierced j the trackless forest or stemned the ice-drift? ■ and swelling water* of the Alleghany? Wa*- it at the battle of the Moncmgah-ela, when , he bared hia to the rifle, the knife, i risking all in the cau** of the crown that scorned him ? Was it in the manly blush | that mantled his cheek, when the elder ! Adame moved him in the Continental Con gress, “Commander in chief of all ?h r forces j raised or to be raised for Colonial defeiico?*’ ; Wag i: on that stormy Christmas night, when by the frozen Delaware, under the driving sleet and with the very uniform stiffening upon him, they found the patri ot praying amid the torn banner* and bleeding troops of his country? it at Valley Forge, when, as deeortiou and wc thin ing hit ranks, and ire ki, ■NBMW 11 J L J W 1 1 . ! revolt and calumny, were bschl**g mt*- chiof iu hia tent when its v**ry threshold 5 ! was vtained wjtti the bi*Hd prints of his • j •bi**rv. I*l*l the air grew i h* a*y wilu ihtir crirs f*r br-ad—h** st*3o*i • U|>. tie great watchman *f ihe night, un- | - i-bi>li by ilu wuijK-it. un?.w**d by th* i’f*.e. hi- m-n and giving pnmiia^ > * >f mts 4 . ;a*ui' nt and a brilliant dawn ’ i V* a uml Yurktuwn. wh*-n. after funing th** fiithv c-Lr- **f u kitig. and drrriog b**k hia twso and b-vten minions. cpuvh- J I ing wilder the tbiwe from whmmj t.iey crawl* I. find him turning his > tuind and lab lit to tin* **ivc polity of hi ■ country. h* r e **!i iation. ao*l th*' ravto j ration of bvr shattered credit and finaßt*. > ; Did Anup(-1i? witness his crowmr.g r.ct. whi*n. u*i the 2ilrd *f Derember, ITS'L in *• ‘an addn-ss of suipa-?*ii*g beauty and digni Iv. be so modestly bung up iu orr Hall- ! i “his hmlaai arms t**r tuot*unwnis ’ and I ,<‘ugbl ()i sweet shades of home.' Is i* in that admir.idc *b:ale Paper, to which, ivve liiiv*: jilM listrued and w hich Cannes to ins in tlie last rhi*'s of the will; ’ ; healing iu its wings? Relieve it. lb*-j richest, r;;r,t. sweetest rsya, wcjt s*i the . ‘setting sun. And, perhaps, one of the." happiest triumphs of Christianity, one of* the n ost touching instance* of the soul’s • comiviunion vritL its Creator, and one of • the finest lewfons f. r the study *'f American youth .nml the moralist *v ci v where, wa? preseuted at Mount Vinict. DcCvinher. . 17W, when high abov- the h'dlc.w v*s<** ol tlu wind rang out the spirit call, and the . s**ul of tlu- great Captain passed the portal and was free. I M N<iihiiif i" h;* ':fe hnim* Inn. like ;ht it ; If* di*>(t as ••!. that t.n m| Itt l;lt <tra'.h. ’* ' We >rontemphtto the departure **f ibis good uiau from cauh with a MXiihiug sadness, if not a nu’aucluily pleasure, foi we lii.it “the hand *f the reaper took the cr that were iioary ” We uu*urn. indeed, but it it* vfitii the ftrlir.g; . f which we the ; clesing nf the year, when nature herself ? is falling to decay ani seciua to be putting • on the shroud cf death. We must b* I for it is a memento which coma* ’ ; home t > our own h-arta. and tells us, that howev.-r bright the tide or proud the war*-; ■on which we ride, they bear us zriftly to 'silence ani night, i have hastily and; ! feebly drawn for your emsidtration this i morning tin* *.utline <>t a grand pic- i | ture. in which NVashingmn stands boldly out upon th? rnriMH. 1 purposed, indeed c. ul.l have promised n**thi..g more, llir ; t*>ry haa uL<*n its page? ihs 6n is hud i j paint it g *1 !ierr arc lur details and there i | to** the lr*x*' reo**rd. j j Tuan,* G Miib.-nien, !.t me ; y “ j ; you it) eheri-h Mu* msmuiv and emulate; Ihe virtu.-? <f y*ur WasliinsrMii. by atria-; I i;.p t. p*-rp**tu il<; and c-xU.n*l the bleu- . t , eing* he h(.que*h--d 8* long as nr* | ( preserve *mr country, hia fame cannot, die. J far it is reflected fr**’u me Mirfact* ol'cr.'rv ; I t# J f ' thing that is beautiful and valuable in uur : ( ; land. You cannot recur too often no? 1 *ii i , , i j •iw li too Img opv..ij me cuaractcr o’ j such a man. L Tin: youth of I%or*. once a year, Icf* ! j i the earned grove* *f Kgcria lo \i?i: tlu! tomh of Naina, tl*<* i-•under of the civie : institution? of th ir country. Go vv. t *• ♦ y i y*U g mu. <ftcn*-r than once a year to th* j * 'grave of Washington: You will inhal* I there ihe moral atmoaph-re in wlitru he, 'moved. V„n will fed it? purifying inflti-i .cnee and you will come back to ue ua-*J I | wit it ilu* inspiration *f virti.*. • j 1 Young *ienilem**!!, there is a rtr** and j 1 beautiful b* li f among the M*ri*n pea- ( jsalit-y. that be wls gatln-r? the first flow- ; er that V*l"w? in tin- grave mould is certain > | luf never forgetting the dead ami of m-\er ; j : being f*rg >tt*-n by tiu-in Wear in your ] ' bosoms this day fresh buds fr >.n the g.av* ‘ j mould of \N asbinglon Tin y are tlu . i passion flowers of the Republic. They ; are tile jpnns of Unmn. G.*l g. -u; j them n bloom eternal. And here wo draw ths curtain to raw.' 1 j no more over our happy, free America, i I Verily, verily, the sceptre hath departed j> j from Judah. What u fate is ours! But; I yesterday, sailing upon smooth aud shin- I* i ing seas, with all the nations of the! 1 earth leaning frou* their ?U'*ren l<* watch i 1 j this grand ♦ jperiov nt **f popular i*uvmi ! mciit! and to-day, a stranded hoik, the; i jeer of monarchy and the curzed of Ilea- < j v ** ! ... j. There was a tiioe in the affairs of Rome ! iahen Cacs.r had hi? party. F'lnpey hi*.) but the Republic bad none. It is o with us to-day; and. darkctiiog upon th.: dial-! | plate of this Republic are the shadows | [of revolution, ruin and eternal night, j [The storm-cloud i* upon us—uo can sn.c I ’! no silver liuiug. It is crimsoned with II fraternal blood. It has already blotted , | out our sun. What a fall le here, y countrymen! .IA powerful people, once leader* in i!e I , gr.-.nd march of nation*, joint Leirs in ! uuthiug now hut the kucll, the shroud, | j tl*e iraitoch and the grave ! . i “Woe lo thee. OUna! when thy King ! , | is a child aud thy princes ca* to the atoru t i -g ** , i And who are the workers of all this ini ■qoity? Whare was furgvd that terrible ,; engine of disfrdcration aud deal ruction • that is uow tweepiuj away the l?t ves ,; tigea of American freedom ? Not in j ! J*outh Carolina ! Not atuonsr a people. . j driven to secession by the first liw of oar ! nature ! Not among a people nb >**s verr I , ; chivalry ie a shield for the cowardice of j i i their accuser* I Bnl among those “free > i dom-shrickers” of Ibo North who, borne j l * i n *o jowcr upon the shoulders of the rab- ( i' hie. are to re-model the government of j . i Washington, restore it to its pristine ; 5 purity, breath mdvr nut of chaos, the ini- J , . tiaiery strps of which is a crusade against . [our sacred rights and liberties. Heaven save os from a people whose • s patriotism i •* scarce as their honor sod I ’ aa cold as their ice ! , J And arc these the mlerr to whom Me- ■ rylaud mu*t heud thu knve? DviiuJ auJ j , manacled, must she* pass under lh yoko.! . crying yrrcai i! au-I wincing uadtr the. ] • Ush ot the Uriah ILup, who gutcrus sud ; t the Baltimore Iscariot who betray*? Must i i | sl* die att*l make no sign? lo the na*u< * , j of W great and chivalrous past, abcß \m j cutive* able—no I In the name of her immortal Line, ilu UMt of Wnahin-rton, the lil>. rtv b.-l| of the Revolution—no! * Wait for the v-ti jet " th* “Üb jion •brisker* ” VLld m the timid. Catal’** uU tht 7 and thry 'iJc %g to ild• derate. So pU vb-1 ;Uo Tjrie* >f d-? K solution for their k*ug, bat the Whi‘j* were p-Uri~ •X* BUu Atuorir-. •>•. free. • •Thev *>* \l*’w pitr crnlinj Oi ,tie*t wham -Hhoicr trr-mmmi gcd orcl n. r Odiiac] vii.4(u ii )% c *uM !•’ cvu.**trued into cuw.irdKe aiui cowardice is a second death. Thct who wbr-p-r jn<v when ithe war erv i in liieir earn are fit fr serfdom. It is their proper ele inaut. Th*v who w uid chain the Sfnte in orurf is* puK rtu H. are tuc ilaij.es defending the which luc Harpies would fain devour. Fellow citizen*. I am n.f here to chuckle iw"r *br* d>wr;GTl .f •**▼ r*otmt-r. The wrecK of eu h a rich argosy ul free dom could pl rt aac no patriot heart. X r am I here t>* poi-m thin audience with the so unpopular whimperings of disunio.. I houl I jar m chord attuned to harmony. But, a* an humid.* citizen of lb: lau I, I cannot affect indifference to this wholesale hatchery (butchery I call it ) of aJi we h-’ld to >.*t dear -tins monstrous waring upon me and none. I Ihisb n*t to boM e.s.imuuioT) •'i'h that uufurt*ni*iU few. to whom “the I of the’c. States” Is see* oud:*' v to ll* .nituul d.gniiy and honor ot tle Stall s And lam weak enough to think that. wh*n *i government organized f r n common and *pcciiic goo I fails *'t i?s aim. uh n a p-opln uu lor tho sa;ne J.v,v> and the Paine sky. rend the sain: Hilda ami worship *. di.Tercnt God. the ire 1* not the rT -tirn of Hath arvl Nao.ni. Nor would lb nr parting he as hitler au that of 11.-c’t and Andrmnaeh.. I have s**ved my c-untry with the fond devotion of a zealot. 1 claim an rqiul portion iu her floating 9a*. and her songs ol victory, hut if degradation, intuit and wrong be the price of suck a part nership. th ’U a truce to the compact ! perish such a union! L.t us part, an i under laws henificent nud more genial; under our cwt; vine and fig tree; wtih equal rights and equal libortio; around a common altar, ami with a comtucn desti ny. work out this tre . hling problem of clf> gov eminent and prove it to the aris tocracy of Europe. If the Northerns claim our “Hail Columbia” and the Na tional Ha*j. lei us wipe from its folds th i burnish of Southern arms and hand over to their pep-corn urchins and squeaking deacons the 'lull “air - and the drooping reg. ViV will w.ar i new battle flag fron the shroud of Washington, and a fresher “.Marseillaise’' shall bubble up from hearts lb it dure He free. “If thia treason l.t them iiitikc the most of it.” And 11.0 is lb nquet to which I would ii\ite my Slato Let her sit at thia tabl'r and not at that, for autii she is a conqu- red province, b t her not piy tri bute to Cifcear. Until flic is ready for the sacrifice, 1.-t not the victim be crowned. Hath *r let In r move this day and hour with sovereignty and might against her trickstt ring ' fhciaU and drive out with scorp on la h the mon y chang ta from h*T n-mplcs. Au l, it this war of th i races must come—if th: bum's of Small wood and your Utley. Carroll und S:oi w Air to he ucM'crand—if the Black Enigl.t of Coercion is iu come amongst u*, anl b hind flic mask of “enforcing the Federal IWs,” moves With the heel of AttUl* scounging and aehotirhuig up the fruits >f onr earth—let Maryland meet him with her hand upon her sword hilt; and if fho i to g- down in the I. rribie fight, let it be with the crest ul Achillea ux the shield of Leonidas. nouceT rpilK n iderhig.!%i ap;..tinted Cammission- I er-. 1.3 thr Cir.-uil C-url f.r balt.t Ma ry’s county-’. Mary] 1 d, t.< Uy off ami divide tho Be.ll b.'tate .t John S jVuftcli. late of cunry, .lumueil. i.erehy ti notice to ail ConcMrno.). K. tt tlicy wifi mttl <>u the preca ei ol deooMsed. '*u MON I)A\ , the Bth 0: April, 1?61, (if fair, if not the, n*xt fair day execute the trust so os aforsai i cotamiiicd to theta b) the said Court. JOSKI'H ABF.LL, JtISPHI A MAGILE. IG.VAIIL’A HAYi>LN, STEPHEN HaYDLN. CLEMENT WAT 1 JEN, C 0111 tm*r loners. March 7th 1871—301. ACARD. rjOCTOR GUSTAVOS CaKTEK. kvi..g •A/ located himseh ii Hall, re.*pec fuliy ..fter ms prol'ossi .Mal KsrvicrStuto* pu- I lie. Hu >.Qic La that frrm*tly occapied by i Dr J. F. Shaw, whore he coo always he ! fjnnd except when professionally engaged. KrrcMßMcr.—Hsmnel Clirw, M. D. Pro fessor of Prioeiplw and Practice oi Medicine ia the Cmver*iv of Maryland. March 7tb I*sl lOm‘ jafufiljßlnr I f |IHK nudereuEOtr*!. who has had couaid r- I X w* eaiwrienoe aan OVSRMEfcH •• *. 1 in the management of negro**, is di-*ir<.ui *-f obtaining a situation in that mponty for tba prevent year. feaUWaCtory references oau be givee. Addreae. | BIUOUH DCUEBIT. Lacruard Town I'. 0. March 7th IWl—ii FOR TOE LEGISLATURE. Ths friends of RICH A D eng -1 ge>i hi* ttan.r to the voter? c 4 fhie eoonVy m • a candidate lor the Legislature, and sek fee ■ hi ctaimr a di?peert mate tienddcrafeosi. March ?tb 1881. i - SI’KINQ GOODB. A large supply of H waid Dock, Pv.d --* tvoUary I >atu. 4h. jru: recuiroti at J ; tor •arc by 0. LAO. Rf AUfRCO.