Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 14, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 14, 1861 Page 1
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* BaMIiBIIMIMIIIIiBMB,nm^,,I ** I !■ ■!■ 1 1-II 111- - . Jl !!■■■ ■ m II Bill Ml II - im. ■ i> , ■-■ . <* DEVOTED TO LITERATEKE. NEWS. AGRICUm'URE AND GENERAL INTELI-IGEXCE. - "*\* 1 VOL. XVII. tAWT MARY’S BEACON at fvauaoßt kvui ruvutur bt j.F.mra. * tames s. downs. Tim tfStTwciupTioH.-—51.50 per au am, to be pud -within six mouths. N< rabscriptmn will be received fur a akortci period that mx mouths, and no paper J* except at the option of the publishers. Tuan or At>tbbtisiiio.~-$1 per sqaan far the irat insertion, and 25 cts. fo every suboorjttent insertion. Twelve linei #r less constitute a square If the nuinbri •C insertions be not marked on the adver tUonent, it will be published until forbid and charged accordingly. A liberal de dnobei made la those who advertise bj •ht year uhh:y a yog FAMILY BROOERS ASU OXALYES XB PURE OLD WJXES AXD LIQUORS, No. 88 BALTLVURK STREET, nil holubat, baltimobh, HAVK constantly on hand a large snd w!l •cUrtod stock of FAMILY GROCERIES, consisting, in part, of~ Faaaii Teas—Green sad Black, of varies* prices snd flavor*. CV>rrßßS.—Mocha, Java, Laguyra. Maracaibo snd Rio. Sooabs.—-New Orleans, Crashed. Powdered Leaf, GrannUtvd, C. Yellow and Clarified, Italian, M sees r* ml ar.d Vcrmei-elli; D>ojer'* •Coi’* Refined Gelatine; Kr-*h Salad and Oliva Oila. CHeew, English Dairy. Pine Apple sad Sap Hagn; Sardines, french, and Spanish Oliver; Bog'ish and America* Pickles—(reHtiua, mixed, Pircalill Chow— Chow, Csniitiowrr. Walnuts and Onions. Sauraw~Johc Bull, Harvey, Reading, Soho, Mushrooms and Worcestershire. Bwasdib*.—Jaa Hennesey A 0., Vintage * 1840. Chard Dupuy AO , 1846, Native Catawba, Bordeaux, Rochelle, and other * brands. Fib Ot.P Wikbs—London Dock Port. KKer ry. Madeira, Lisbon, Sweet Moselle, and Champagne. -a** ~ Wwnan -Scotch, Old Rye. Old Rapp and BonrHon, gome very old and fine. Pure Holland Gin, Jamaica Spirits. Ac. Imported and Domestic BEG ARB AND TO BACCO. AH of which I Key will sell si reasonable price* and respectfully avheit a call. March Ist, 1860 ly. COM MISS 10 X DUS IXESS. TIIK begs ieav# te anhoance to IK# ettiaans of St. Mary's comity that be has commenced the PRODUCE AXD COMMISSION BUSINESS, No. • Gbocbba* Kxchaxob, Corner of Exchange Place and Commerce 8t BALTIMORE, and will give hie personal attention to all pro- ! dooe rrusign*d to him. He hopes by ardu ous and prompt attention to business to merit •bo confidence of the community. WM. K. DODBON, with Late firm of Luckett A Young. Kbpermcii: Jambs Mott. Cashier of Farmers sod Mer chants' Bank; Messes. T. J. Carson A Co., Bankers: •• Wna. WhiUlock A Co.; " Freeland A Had. April Hth. IfitO—lf ram MIST HARV’S FEMALE SEMINARY ’PUR non annual sen ion will commence on SATURDAY, the Iftth of Septem- the dircetiom el Mm* LOTTY I FIOH, • Principal, assisted bv a corps •f sftcitsiand experienced Teachers. Tba c?n* of instruction is as thorough as alas? asbcoiwaiitutioß’m me country, and at logs thaw half Um usual expense. The scholastic yeai it diridod into two terms of fiye guoth* each. wr lr, pr*blr In fidTmcf: hr all the branches of a thorough English education, including Bowd, Taitma. Washing, Fuel, * ad foddiag* ' $76.0C mationory, fit 6( Tbiffoa for day pupils, laslndlng . ™*v ii .oe j tuatra msimh; ... . YCfB Mneic, with the nao of lastmmoal, Ifi.OO fatatlag, exclusive in Oil'Colors, oxelooivo •fmatoriais, 10 •• I ” f” W** 11 I'wkywr.; iMfMt Pom mA*i <;*> ud. * C. Mteeidewe ofi the Board* of Ttasiooa. Aagbat 16th, IMO—tL HSK * vvir onAtto i # i"i> ■ utlvOr r* SJIfIRSS UADI'OM h.(jwi tiniyii , •*!"" .•■*••?* trWßmtmi w • LEONARD TOWN. Ml).. THURSDAY -7 | SELECTED MtSCELIJfrY. * % A Chapter ofllMor^ ounx of sirtssios. new rM O I MOTH*.* OF IT. % -j*, r e .1* ? 1* >* yd tiM* -mm itjiitt wkm b. !, his owu fathrr. She certainly is an un liatural rnnther who denies her own off e spring. New England, the prolific moth* r er of so many errors. heresies aid isms, •8 denounces with extreme bitterness a poiuu t C *l d'*gma uf the present period, which is | part of her numerous progeny, a dogma 1, ! conceived, incubated and sent out into •- j thw breathing world by herself—sc-ceatioa. y , She now disowns it. denies hennateruit? and tries to fasten it upon South Caroline, t * her pel and progeny. This unatura) conduct deserves exposure, it becomes our duty to make this exposure. At three different periods bus New Kwgiand maintained the doctrine of se cession ; at the period of the pure-base , of Louisiana, at the peri*d nf the aunex ’ ation of Texas, and at th* period of the war of 1812. For the first time New England enunciated this d(*ctrine in 1706 —sixty-fives years ago. I* our readers | will patiently follows us, we will pro * cccd to establish what we have here as serted—and establish, too, the- additional * fact that the idea of sectionalism was | fi r *t injected into the Northern mind bv j the public men of New England, j The late Math aw Gariy, in his Olive j Branch, states that the project of u sepa ’' ration of the States was formed io New I: England shortly after the adoption of the .‘Constitution; and that in the year 171HJ, , i s most elaborate set of papers was publish i ed in a newspaper at Hartford, Conn., ; the joint production of an associ-ation of ■ men of the first talents and influence in the State, the object of which was to en courage the project of a separation, and to foment the prejudices of the people of New England against their brethren of the South. An extract which he quotes from on* of these papers, is pre cisely in the style and temper of an iu -1 oewhary Abolition address of the prcs : rot day. THE PURCHASE OP LOUISIANA. In 1803 the following resolution was pasted by the Massachusetts Legisla ture : Retched, That the annexation of Lou isiana to the Union transcends the con stitutional powers of (he Government of the United States. It forms a new Con federacy, to which the States united by the former COMPACT arc not bound to adhere. Into this brief hut comprehensive res olution is crammed the whole States Eights treed—the extreme State Rights creed. The Government is pronounced a compact between the States, and from it the right of secession or with-drawal for just cause, result* as a necessary k | gioal deduction. The Federal clergy of Massachusetts were then also in the fuld proclaiming disunion, and tome of them received the thank* nf the Senate far their traitorem effusions: In the Massachusetts Legislature. ir> 1808, a member exekimod, *‘ln a wou I consider Louisiana the grave of th* Union" * In 1811, on the hi)! for the admission of Louisiana as a State, Josiab Quincy. Jr., said and after being called to order, ■committing his remark* in tcriting: — ‘lf this bill pass, it is my deliberate opinion that is u virtual dissolution of thv Union ; that it will free the State* from their moral obligation*, and, as it will be (hi right of all. so it will be the dug of tome, def.uiteiy to prepare for a tepamtivn , amicably if they cun, violently if the, mu*t. ,§ ' Jour Quincy Adams, in describing the Federal disuniioulsts of Massachusetts, •ays, among other reasons for dissolving on the annexation uf Louisiana, was the following: “That it was oppressive to the interests, and destructive to the influence of the Northern Confederacy, whosk right anii j DUTY IT TBXKKPORJI WAS TO SECEDE THOU TUK- BODY POLITIC. AND TO COKBTITLTi on* or mam dWa.” Secession here appears in propria per sona and by name. But this is not all.— Tbs New England people meditated some thing more • u cnVtroua and shocking. — Says Mr. Adamk: ‘•That- project (that of the New Eng land Confederacy) 1 repeat, bad gent the length of fixing upon a military Ua dor foe it* execution; and although, the cin. uDistances of the time never admit ted of it* execution., nor even of iti foil dt-xeluproeur. 1 yet had no doubt it 1808. and- 1809,. and have no doubt ai this time, that tt ia the key to all th gr**al movements of these leaders of th< 1 ederal party, ip New England from the time forward till ita final catastrophe h the Hartford Convention.” * l ? “I**** letter upon tbs Hart ford Con region of December 30tb. 1828. •M* President of ih*. Units* out vs. Mr, A*am*i said.; 1 “This design of eectnin lexers of £&< Federal psxty (to effect a dissoluti n ol ■the Union arid the establi h merit of a : Northern Confederacy) had i*-en formed in the wirier of 1803-04 in:nii*Hatcly ,fter. and an a consequence of tlx ar . quisition >f Lnuis'mtta. Its justifying i cauR n to hose wh enunamed it were i that t]i* anpexubo** of Louiaiana te- tho TTnion transcended the couftitutioral powers of the Government of rhe Ui ited States; that it formal, in fact, a n*-w confederacy. to which the States unied bj the former compact were not bound to adhere. This ydan '*"s so far matured that a proposal had hern made *o u'> indi vidual to fxrmit hiniseif hj i* pi an <i at th* head of the military nu-n mrntf. which it wis foresee i would be necessary to carry if into execution.” In a letter to Mr. Mr. Monroe shows that under the threat ef Eastern Federalists to dissolve the Un ion if mort Southern or West-Tn Terri tory were added, be yielded to Mr. Adams in the mutter af the Florida treaty, Mr. Adam* errs thr.t the design of n Northern Confederacy W 23 formed a* soon a% Louisiana was annexed Mr. Monroe reminds Mr Jefferson of the early oppos ti'>n to rcur|i)3 the n ivigu • iun of the river Mississippi to the South west husetts was at the head of that conspiracy. The attempt to shut up the mouth of the Mississippi “was an effort (siys Mr. Monroe.) to give such a shape to the Union as would secure the dominion over it to its Eastern sec tion.” “At that time,” be adds, “Ibis ton ruled the four New England States A popular orator in Hall. filar-| risou Gray Otis.) ruled Boston. Jay’s' object was to make New York a New, England State.” I Mr. Monroe then notices two subse- * quent attempts to circumscribe the Union, i —the Hartford Convention, and the res- ! friction on Missouri. On this issue (the ad mission of Missouri) h>* says lliev (the [ Eastern Federalists ; were willing to risk j the Union. ILe Boston Sentinel , the 1 Federal oigau of the day, of November 12, 1 w*U confirm Mi. Monroe’s letter. T- J*y * fifteen millions for Loui„i,., m order to secure a place of deposit for Western pro- i •luce, that paper exclaimed, was iudfod 1 insufferable, ami it advocated sluicing up the Mississippi to the people “iest, if they have that, our New England lends would become a ueaert from the contagion of Emigration.” Mr. Monroe, in the letter to Jt-ffcr-on. j says that the Federal party “coniemplateil fin urrangnn• nf on the <li*li u f ion *of r .lg bet ireen dun uo/diug and hon-slaieholdiug i States, presuming that on that basts only j such a <li iist</u might be ft mn-led as tewdd destroy, by p*tfieiutd e.ccitriHmt (he usual \*ffeets proceeding from dijjfertuee in th* \ \ pursuits and firm instances of tla pcr.jJt and marshal (he States, differing in that ! alone, tu unerasing ojgtosifiun and hostility ■ to i-ach either. ’ How prophetic and how truly have tin ; traitor* in th • Kpub!ican ranks tarried! out this “irrepressible conflict” then I sought to to lie inaugurated, an amalga niaiiou between the Republican.-* a t .u Ab- t olilioi.i-ts to gel up a Ni ilmu party, of j which Ma.-sat huselts Ib-puLiii'-j.a? ar; to' ,be tlu- leaders, anti taking ud.ant .gc of' j the excitomei I growing out of the davci \ agitation draw the Boiuocr ts of the States into th ir ranks, and thus marshal 1 those States i t hostility to the South, in ' order to break down the l/emocrncv and ! cst.nbbsh Federalism or Republic* upon ' its ruiue. i TitH WAR OK 1812. Passing nv-r many facts, for want of j space, wc shall content ourselves wi*i a! ; reference to the following as denoting the !, ) hostility of New England to the war of| 1812. which t deemed good cause for a. dissolution of the Union : The Bostot Otntintl, the Federal organ |j us late as 1814, Dec. 10th, said: Those who startle at the dang- r of a separatum, tell us that the sod ot New England is hard i i and sterile.’* 17ih December,' 1 1814. the Cent in. I said; “It is said that ! i •to make a treaty of comiuerce with the en- 1 j etuy is to violate the Constitution and r 0 i untr the Union. Are they not l*4h al- \ | f eady virtually destraynl forin w hat stage i ! jf existence would they be. should in d>- | rlare a ueulru.tfy or rich, tcifhhoid (hjes , j am/ men /” j Here we hare both secession and nulli- J < . fif'ntior proposed. But the must monstrous of - i *ll these England schemes is to come. 1 . It is as fojiowM : j i The object of the leading Federalists j- 4 , in Massachusetts duriug ihe war, was io I -stablinh a monarchy, with one of tbe 1 royal family if England at its hsad. Mr. t V\ ALUS gays the British Colonel Nicuols / :lold him the “Naval Commander had his t •arders to plare Harrison Gray Otis at |*. he head of ths affair, until the jdtiuure of i I -he Prince Regent was known.’* j H hat that “pleasure” was to be, ap ! pears to have oeen already arranged. The j British Ln'tnl fkrriee Journal of May. t ■ 18Alh says th; olivet was "tu separate i ' the Northern and Eastern from the South- \ *rm and Western Stubs, to establmli a 1 jilimitec hy i u ; e d:st aam -*d # i>tales, . J

XING. MARCH M, IBCI. 1 . * placiiqg one of our princes of the blood on thOjt^roQH.” ThrfßUek Rojj'db]l<vins f the successor* are n *vf* to get tip * p against ?oiith(*rn Ffaler for pr;c- NVw England original* J apd —t lie result of W> QpfNCT— ?n the last ear with ft mat Bri tain—**‘th:t il i<* u-*t becoming a mord •w 1 religion* ji.M/p.** to rejoice over the t ic-tones of war”—while rhev, with singu lar pcrvcsny. .re now anxious to insugu r.ito a fratricidal war. TUK ANXitX fiOH OF TIJVI^. T<‘Xfls ro from the first a r<*<-a of of frnae to NVw England. >!.• Monroe, who regard our title to it indisputable. was F-° by Mr. Ad.i.i* ti give it up t< Spain by the treaty of Honda The New England men threatened dinsoluri *n sleoj! | Te xas not b<* given up. Sub 1 Mr M ♦n rof in one f hi* letters mi the auhj *ct: ''The diffiiulty i< r iuUrii-'l a J of the nto*t ihiftrcsfihj nature and rot* tendency ” And what tva.t that difficulty? T! r 1 Eastern Federalists menaced the Union if Mr. Mon ref admitted Texas into the Un -s>n ! Mr. Monroe r:rt J by these menaces of disunion I Mr. J. 1.2. Adam* was in hi* Cabinet and fie Vn< w th- !. - rigiia of the Boston Federalist*. Wlc.t ‘ there designs were Mr. Adams himself ; developed in hi" ultack upon tli • Hartford Convention. I his difficulty about T f, xas again broke ’ out after the establishment of her indepen dence, and when she applied for admis sion into the Federal I men. This de veloped afresh the section dism and trees* stemturn of New England, and here wo have to note a change of opinion on the part of Mr. Adams. He now makes his appearance as one of the New England a git-item. In a speech on (he sth of November, 1844, at Bridgewater, Mas.-., Mr. Adams said in relation to the annexation of Tex as: “The whole transaction was a flagrant nr’.afiou •f thc Cc:-tituticc, sad t>jiuta&*?on, had it fen effected, w mid htvf been. itself n of' the Union." This was said after the rejection of the treaty and before annexation by resolution of Congress. In 1 *44, Mr. Adams and thirteen Con gressmen issued a most elaborate p*aper. addressel “to the people of tin* Free Slates of the Union. ’ Tbo A atinuil Jnt> II itfe 11~ ■er, in which it appeared, expressed re lue’ance in publishing it. “because of the address which it Lears to the people of i portion only of the United Stales.’’ At a meeting in Mil I ford. Mass., on 25th f March, liv44. violent secession resolu ions were pssst d. In March. 1545, the Boston Pont said : ■"By the annexation resolutions of the IV iig legislature. Ma SHaehuvftts declare? hat -,h* will yo out of th* (.’ if T*ra* •oiHr* ni, or tint at least ahe will nullify fu m f of auto ration ” ‘I .Hi tallowing i* otn* of the resolutions •tier -si by Mr. B 11. passed at it? ncasioii ’> 1 *4o - • lirt-Jf d. That as the powers of 1-e. Msdion granted to Umigr.-RS Ou •.; em-. >rne the ease of the admis-ii*>u i,f for •ivrti State or Territory, by legislation. into he Union, such an net would ijo binding force wh ilevcr on the pe. pie of VfsH*achu*tta.” The B ston A dot. on the 2dth D*cen> ht. 1*44, says uf the annexation of Tex la “It involve* the whom broad question of he ps>rinanoucy ut our Goverumoiu. and he continuation f our Union.” *- Mot*). noM'tt-f> connt€ —Cm' inu*t nr-t- - he u'ill nn*—whniit to thi. unneration of Trxat to the United State*. l* t this idea e impressed firmly, iudelliblv upon the jublic mind. Thk Union is a I’artxbr iuu* of twctity-si.x States.” The following is |*o of tbt party : “We shall certainly consider the an texation of fcsaF. or any other foreign ‘late, to this countrv. as a virtual res olution of the l ni<>u.. and we appre icnd that .-uch a vast addition to our ter itory and population would so far change be nature and circumstances of the con icctiou. as to ahfolre the dissenting Mates r*iu any futthcr obligation under the rigiriai contract of Union.” John Kced Lieut, r.f Massa h off ts, on August 4, 1M44, said. “It must be understood tbit the frej hates will neither consent nor submit to he of Ttxas to this Union. >nch iiwiirj uli -m \t<mJ* f m it/ di*ro~ uti<n. Indeed, annexation without po isi..u iu the Const it mien. and without onaeiit, would be an ahvlutlon from the W bonds and oUijuticn, of thus Cunstitu ion .** And John Quincy Adams, in a dcclsr tiou by biiuselt an t thirteen other uipio ers of Cottgrcsa, saw: * We hesitate not to say that auncx tion. effociid by any act or proceedings f the h ederal Csovcmiutnt, or auv of la Departuicuta, uould U IDENTICAL .ITW DJ?OLUTIO> ” “Not only iucviu le to result iu diesolutoyn of tKr Uni'* i in FULLr ■TO J-U6 JIFV IT > t Mr, Adame, iu 1944. in presenting an Eastern petition for ihe dissolution of llic I Mi l : ’‘lie was not in f.vor of ti olriug the yet.” Ami during the same C.mgitfss. Ma **nc*liU3- Hla virtually proposed it disnolution: un der protest ~of amending the Uonstitu center Judge strone, ait.oVl Hart ford I onvetition Federalist. pr iding. a relation to v, paratc iho free Stiles from the others, if annexation prevailed, was p*ss>|. J ov. Slade. <*f Vermont, said is hi? message to the Legislature of that I- - “I do not hesitate lo declare, as mv op.m mi. that upon rfcc consummation of this project, it will be the duty of Ver mont. to declare her unalterable determ ination to refuse any connexion with the nett Vo ion. thus formed without her cou and Against hrr wili.” Mr King, n leading Republican, tom? gv.*is his opinion on secession: *:iy thii ndviindly—npon infor mation ii■■ t l>e d.Megirded—and with • iu:t utiiui-r tic an i ui..'.uiict! conviction. ;ht aim. \t n. cainf in what form it n’ -sy, tr. an I ilf juhi /a . the <ii?su!uticn of h I*., bn.” *. s..M “it a grate matter to disunite such a holy Union a? ours has been—and n<nc but grave eause? should sever this bond \N i* can bear all but this,” nexation of T-X:s). •Unix Qfixw Adams offered, in the II 'iiM' of Representatives, on 2>th F*h rn-try. 1 id. the following, among other. : resolutions: j “/iV*. ■//*■</, That any attempt of the ; Government of the United States, bv an I act of Congress or by treaty, to annex to this Union the Republic of Texas, or the people thereof, would be a viol at ion of th Constitution, null and void, and to which the free Stales of this Union ' and their people c night not to We might cite numerous other proofs, if our space allowed, hut these are auf i ament, to establish our proposi tion that *‘riioiuuijm t dUunionifm and I *<•**.oni;n originated in the North—in New England—and it appears now that her own discarded invention has returned ;to plague In r. The very idea—the reme dy ihnt she invented —is now asserted bv the South against her. her usurpation, her tyranny and her aggressive—A hoi i turn ism. Consistency, decency, self respect, com mon justice should prompt her to ■ from objurgation and reproach. At three several historical epochs has New England asserted the right of sion. She is now foremost in the denial and denunciation of it, and she who op ' poses all foreign warn is now clamorous for & ivil war. Our citations occupy w> much sp:iec flint further comment i< inad mis.Mii|. History is some f nits trouble-; NNw England finds i: especially so. I h<Sf who wmt au ho :tj for dj union. ' itioiioliMa. secession, .m l those who *.*■ t r.u:;; I'uy ‘wr :r,e p'l prni doguia thot * lie l onstitution is compact and i!.:.t the Lu.uaisH i>AUTNKHiii!i‘. will 5h i their autliuiitv in lhe above Cifatbms T?vr?TFR :x UorstitfrFß - Th- **|Ut. Hc?r\ A srd lb(,h'r. I H ” in, b: eu in Hf-'hc'tor. rn Nation?! Pros perity- It wii nu abolition harangue of the tint water. Here are a few extract* ; ••When th.? principles upon which <>ur country was founded—the principles of the Declaration of Independence— arc consid ered. the North j-hows her weakness and timidity, and is paralysed by fear. Look at the merchuutc of New Vork lending to Albany a petition I* have a law ensued to ailu-w iiiHsjf ra to ennm to this Slate and bring their slaves for n definite period ! fine is rnovciiiv’iilbMi.Soatheni trade. The North ought to stmd upon its man hood. There is no darijfr of losing the South* rn trad**. • Let the South go of—they are not all the wo,id. La there I*? war. loathe “hip- < f the North be burned there are axes k- cn and sharp. Mini men with sturdy nriii- to wi. M them. For i vory ship de stroy, d. the** men will build ten—such is ih.-ir capacity of production when tested The scythe may be pul into the meadow ev.-ry your and cut the glass close but it will spring up anew—th rei no danger of destroying it unless y v u cut the root.— Principle is th* root of manhood— corrupt that and you destroy the man. There is no place like the North for energy*, and th"rc is Bo place like it for men Jogetd w.i upon their knees and beg for favor. Thin humiliation for the want of nerve and faith in our principle in unendurable. It was this hop • that made many endure the eou nivauce with slavery—the damnation and curae of the earth. One would think by what is raid that all the blessings we enjoy came from the Union. Did it bring the May Flower to uur shores and scatter an inductions people all over the country ? Before the Union we had these, and they made the Union. la the Union the parent ofliberty or the effect of it?’ Thousand# are willing to give up liberty through fear it will de?troy the Union. Aiic iirg*; f „ man is XO I! , JL IJ_ I,_ SR MHWOMRai^nH wnrfh more than the v.H Me Vdy of a rna.-- ♦cr with Wlwp in hand. and head on, which !'** seems to u*e fW Utile else than to hang lua ht npon. Three threap of th .Wl im nn'* haJ'b! I*jW^' * Tfm SwtH *Uiks the Noribcro h • -*•? anil we fill it with milk. Wo rk, * U J r. u*y reap ifcj fruit of our toil. Wt in teolej the wean. 0 f their prosperity. ~~ \\ hiitiev made tie; e t'- ii gin that has Loa M n:urb f,jr t} "' -South, sud he died a poor iuuii, as they cheated him out of theroirara °f hw toil Chivalry ! Chivalry! “They down So;aik that Garrison i;•. 1 Z™ dt He has done *mia thing in that way 10 le Mure. And ibura i* Wendell Phid.** -he ha* at work -and tome luiiiini'T! l Wrrc reported to be travelling about th .'.quuutrj talking to peo ple on slavery. There will be another x.nd of agitation before long. Northern flax will soon* be at work we'll bombard •h. ir.ootton with that product which our people are now growing successfully Purpose* of the Part? in Power The Itiehinood Kx a miner>avs (Hat *n incorrect and imperf.-et vfitemcnr of a con versation between Hr Wirt, of West more land, and httiiiiiui I*. ( the new sup posed Secretary of the Treasury, the str n gest Will "!id leading spirit of Lincoln'a Us bidet. havii.g appeared in the telegra phic report* of a inorning paper, th. gen tleman .*• whom the following letter i-* addressed desires to make public this mil and authentic statement uf tint cou tersatn'-n. It fall* lik- a pencil f light on the whole proceeding* of rhe new paitv in power: 1 bare been ar.xiou* *o e-'nHnnnieetc the substance of a conversation held br Hr. Wirt, (my brthr-in-!aw ) with ex- Goverr.or Chase. of Ohio, in Washington, on the evening of Friday, the 1 nth 'Feb ruary. He rr!M p**n Chase nd erpres mm! a hope that as be would probably bn 1 > r > Lincoln's Cabinet, lie would use hi* in fluence to preserve peace with ihc.rfouth. and not attempt tt reinforce r-r retake tho Southern forts ; and Cliaee to!i him that the President would do his dufuy, and r intorce Anderson and protect him at all hazards. If South Carrlina refilled. the eonw qnonces would be on }mr own head. Hr. Wirt told him what would be the sfeet of such a course on the South.' ** • All the conservative and Union loving men of Virginia and the South would re sist ; secession would and' the en lire South forced into' I ? nioh. He answer od. that could not he helped. When Hr Wirt inquired if he ever, expected the .South to return to the Union after ibeir h mien Had been threatened and their coun try dc\astated, he an.*wrred. We do not wnt them fo r'-f-trn. If the S!r>vo Stales r main in the Kmim. they will have to be s i with much Ices than they are now d •mainiing.'’ Hr. Wr. ton inquired i' b* expect# I i<> c, i l 'jugate the South? He 9 * ; * : T r n,i?,i pic with four millions of ‘ in tl cir wi ’rt. +od'l scarcely resist twen*r-v,iv. g Felt w’M :• y.*ur o' j. et ? irqvricd Hr, Wirt, and he an; weied. -u, free ihe slavo who i-f th'' c!iii of the v ai. ’ Whet wilt y •: .jo v. h him w* < u *! n? * ’ . j^|. Jot yoy Lu L..ii i.s a > Vo/i 1 ;o work V' **r Ooi.j f it voji are niiling to pie fur tbett services ; if rmt, th. y can be cn’or.- ued in Crntrul Hr. Wirt thcr* inquired it tho slave law was to bo r.sp**etcd. Mr Uhase *inid : * Tt would have to b„ modified, and slave who escnp.l Was purthrd uud ir/rn/ifi*/i. tje CO|i | : ] girrn up or paid fcr : if paid for. he would be pent to the aforesim C ’looy in Central Aini.ica.’ He sddrd.dn the event of war in the Smith, no slaves would he in Virginia within one year: and in ten no slavn would be found within the borders of the Southern Uoufc-dcracy. A Nick Litti.b Ox Dit A mill ion* ire of Paris wrule to Serifs: “My dear si.. I have a great desire to be aee iciatcd witu you in urmie drennffc oon;poaitiou. Will you do me the favor to write a coined\, and permit u.e to add to it a few my own ? I wdl th n hare it prodned in the inofil costly and spitnUid Ftyle up.' the Stage, at my own expanse, and will share the glory V* To which Scrih * answer*: “My dear sir. I miirt de^liuo your flattering proposal, bettu* religion teaches iua it i* uot proper that § horpi and an mm eboold be yoked togetbar. * To which the mil o ..tiro rcplir*; ‘ Sir £ have recnretl yur iinpertiueul rpbtl. By what authority do m cll me •• horse T* WViie Prtm. A New York auctioneer, at a late i*.* of imported books, introduced a neons lot with the following; ••HcnWo- 1 mpn, of this l*t 1 need only to say, six volu ue* : re by Thomas Carl vie; tbc otlr W k i itt ia Ag UngMM. Now iLct, bid. How umohlf”