Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, April 4, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated April 4, 1861 Page 1
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. m. ■ .... || ' : -j ' ] ; i>evotei> to lttekatuHE, NEWS, AnmCULTIIJ AND GEXEHAI, IXTEIJJGENCE. - £ JU. : VOL XVII. L - w ! _ SAINT MARY’S BEACON 1? I*CLIrFI EVKTIY TViritSDAV IIV J.F.KDIO. & JAMES S. DOWNS. Ten** of ScispmiPTWW,—§l .. r >o per an num, to be paid within six months. No mihurription will I** received for r shorter period th**n *ix months, ami no paper be ; discontinued until all arrearages am paid, oxc< pt at the option of the publishers, fo Trr.M? or Advriitirino.—sl per square • for the first insertion, and !!”♦ els. for every Ftibeequent insertion. Twelve line?, or Lsr constitute : square If the number of insertions !*• not marl ,• ] on the adver tisement. it will be published tint’d forbid, olid charged accordingly. A liberal de dnetimi made to those who b\ the jt-ar ftlinil* IS( El LA NY. Ao - . _ imioiiAM vorxfi on secession. The Talrernich* was crowded, and hun dreds were forced to leave, unable to get even a ht.M dire place* under the shelter of the outer roof. Brigham. in referring the national crisis, stated that, were he *J° euuld save the I’nion.— UTi; then r ferre 1 to the di.-iuti graliun of States, and continued : Some have imjuired, ‘ Will they patch up the old garment v ” Let them apply their new cloth, if they please. Mr. (Vlt teiidcli had reported a patch to put on lln old garment; let them put it on. and tin* /■•tit will he made wor.-e. Let them re main as they arc. and the garment is worn out. Is the f*rm of the government i aim d—-has its form liecoine evil? No: but the ml iii in is! i a tors of the government are evil Ah we have said many times', it is tin Lst form of human government loan i ver lived under, but it has as cor rupt a set to administer if as H 1 ever permitted to disgrace his footstool. - There is the evil, (ain'tluv better the <onditian of onr country ? No; they will make it worse every time they attempt to do so, M hat is the difficulty?— Hi oilier Carrington says there is no no- 1 Me-minded master spirit to lead out, , one whom the rest will follow. They j are all master spirits. They are all smart men. This is the difficulty.— They are too wise. Tin y will prove by their eonduel whether they are. capabl of forming and sustaining a government for the Southern States tlia have se ceded. There is no more a L idled States Can they amalgamate and form n gov ernment; No. Will they have ability to fortn a government and continue it ? ’ No, they will not. Hear it, .lew and (Guttle. Suppose there is a division be-' tween the North and South, and the fitl.en slaves States try to form a per-, inunent government, can they do it? 1 tell you they cannot. They are tool smart. South Carolina is taking the i hud, and says she, “we will sit as kings and queens or revolt from you.” , Says Heutgia, “we have as smart men our State as you have, and we will flpKve a President for our State.” “Hut you cannot.” says South Carolina. How lung will it he before some other State. J pci haps New York, forms a separate government r And if a Slate has a right to secede, so ha a Territory, and so lias a county from a State or Terri tory. and a town from n county, and a ; family from a neighborhood, and you willj hat c a perfect anarchy. HIS OPINION OK SIP.. SEWAKD. Brother Carrington alluded to William H. Seward, of New York. He is con sidered by many as one of the smartest men that ever was in this government, i Were it not that he had the advantages! of *be learning and wisdom of one of the beet meu ip the government —had he been a mechanic or farmer — I doubt whether he would have possessed an ex tra amount of knowledge. What of hU ; natural abilities? Ido not consider him a man of great ability. He came toj Auburn, N, V., to study law with a gentleman I well knew. That gentle man took him into his office and house a boy, and made considerable of a man of £iim. He did his best to make a man of fdpb He was one of the most influential ppd best men in the country; he was a f nap .of brain and heart, and took all the j trails poprihhi Ui make something of the i ftoyf After Mr Seward had been with; the judge # fcw years, he began to be looked upon j as of re possersed of a consid erable degree of smartness. What wouhi fie be if he was president? Judging from Jiia late speech, f yct\ iii u despatch. I #ohld Suppose ifo#; he baldly knew plropgh to find his way aero** the little city of Washington. The pr*j*pcct of his l4HKjr pofritiou appears to have nearly ruin- . m! his brain. ABOJ'T HU. LINCOLN, What-*iH King Abraham do ? I do > pot know, neither do I oare. It is uoMif fcrawirlilt be does, or wind any of them Pa. Why? Uod will accompli Ji his own purposes, and they may do or not do ; they ; pi ay take the road thnt leads to the right, pf ihet iilHyr take the r wl lltiA icuus to v r t * ■I.V’ ‘ '' I .EON A 111) TOWN. MI).. THURSDAY MOR|iNG. APRIL 4. 1861. the left, and whichever road they do take th'*y will wish they had taken the other. What will Abraham do? King James said that if Mr_ Lincoln takes the oath of (office and enters into the administration of the g-v< mment with as great pleasure as he resigns his official duties, he will he u happy man. Tf,l could advise King Jaimes and have him take my counsel, it would be to resign to-morrow morning, and 1 t Mr. Breckinridge be crowned king for three weeks, that another king might come before King Abraham to see what the ad ministration of that king would be. I do not know of anything 1 etti r that I could advise him. “Monnan'sm” will live, and Hod will promote it. but will we he pre pared to be promoted with it? That is the question with me. It is in my thoughts hy day and night, shall 1 he prepared for the things that are coming upon the earth? I will try to be, and if I have an evil ap fieiite 1 will overcome it; if I have a dis position to do what is morally wrong I will reject that Jispodtiou. 1 will subdue and i overcome it. Will you? Then ymi who .drink, lie, steal or Jo anything that is morally wrong, or break the command i meiits of Hod in any way. or injure your fellow men, ca use to do that evil and learn to do well. I THE AM It It I CAN NATION LOOKED EOK TltOl’Jll.fc.’ 1 exhort the brethren not to boast over our enemies’ downfall Boast not, breth ' reii. Hod has come out of his hiding place. and has commenced to vex (lie nation that has r jeeted u-, and He will vex 1? with a sore vexation. It will not be patched up -it never can come together again— hut it will be sifted with a si. ve of vanity, and in a short lime it will he like water spilled on the ground, and like chaff upon the summer threshing floor, until those wicked stewards are cut oft’. If our pres ent happy form of government i* sustained, whiih 1 believe ii will he, it wi’l done by tin' people I am now btokiog upon, in Con ner’km wi h their Is tbivn and their off spring. The present ('on** tuti m. with a a few alterations of : trilling nature, is just as good as we want, an I if it i sustain ed on tliis hind of Joseph, it w 1! be done by us and our rualcuity. Our iiHtional i brethren do not know how do it. They , are not eapable of controlling their own passions, to say nothing of ruling a nation. What is the reign of a king who can not : control his passions ? Will •*t his sub jects sorrow? Yes. shev will feel the weight of his wrath, aid their I acks will . ache, and their heads will ache, and they will receive the lash fr m .; heavy hand. THE !M’.OI‘IIETr’: : IDEAS uF OOVEUNMKNT. We are serving a King who can control his passions; and who. a> brother Heorge Sims remarked in the forenoon, can be’ touched with the feelings of the inlinnitics .of the weak. Wh • can be thus touched except those who have suffered in like’ : manner? None. And no being know how to control or govern on earth unless he has been a subject on earth. No be ing ,i- tit to rule, govern and dictate, until he lms been controlled, gov. rued and dictated to —has yielded ohe<lh-mv to law and prov ed himself worthy, by magnifying the law that was over him. to he master of TIT:.I law. We are serving a King who wisely con trols himself and his subjects. If wo an permi led to rule, govern and control, in the tir.-t place we must control our passion* until they are in perfect subjection to us. i When we have controlled one and got ! it perfectly mastered, we will be prepared. ;to control two; and if we can properly rule over two. we can reign over two j thousand, or over millions as well as two. If you can control one, you are thru pre pared to control your family ; and if you are prepared to control a family, then . you are able to control a city; and if a city, I then a nation upon the same principle.— i Thai is the way that Hod hath obtained His power, and that is the way that we ( will obtain power. Let truth hear sway, and true integrity -hed a charm around ; your whole being. Rise up lor the right. Sin the strength of your own ability. Hod has bestowed upon you the power to reject the evil and receive the truth, the good, the light and the virtuous. Cleave to Hod with ail your hearts, that we may be ready for the day that is fast approaching. Ma} (he Lord bless us. Amen WJiriXG. ’Twas a balmy evening in the month of June when 1 promised to be the wife of Walter Meredith. How well I remember it, sitting here in my lonely little room, looking out into the dim twilight. Walter, and I had been children together; wo had gone to the same school and recited the same lessons. When the ground was cov ered with snow, 1 always rode to school in 1 Water’s sled. I was always his couipan-I ion in the play-ground, and when the i spring flowers blo.-sumed we always went together to gather the violets and cow slips. Very dear friends were Walter and I in j our youth, and when ho went to college it was only a separation for a short time. .We corresponded regularly ; every week Ills letter came and was answered 1 would as soon . xpcct the sun la fall from heaven • a ■ I.L ■■■■iii.iHiii.imw I . I as the week pass and not bring me my ac ;customed litter. _j Walter Lad been til home now for two years, and in that time had visited me c**n- I staidly; ycl we were only friends; he hau never by w.n*d nr look intimntjd that ho loved me more thn brother might love a sister. ]L w the dearest friend I had in the world, and I did not dream 'that any one would ever be dearer to me than he—my baudhnmo. j my noble fiiutid. I lov*d him with all the intensit y and ardor of my southern na -1 lure, though as I l <ok hack up m it now twas something of a blind infatuation mingled wi .h an earnest hvu ; for, like ail women of my age :iu i ■ Xp riciicc, i closed 1 my eyes to tile faults of the one 1 loved. To ■ me. lie Was all honor, all gentleness, all puli ty, all goodness. 1 saw no fault in him—he ho was my ideal. I never asked mys. If, if Im ;J my warm affections; it seemed a matter of course, and 1 rfiever doubted. *Twa> tlv 2 years ago—Jive year- this 1 , very day. lam an old woman now. in 1 all but years. lam very old; but I was. young then ; in the flrst bloom of woman-j liu<hl, ami Walter used to tell me I was beautiful. I may have b. en in hi*- eyes, at ■ least lie said so. and I believed all ho said, • for he ncvei deceived me. The day had been warm and sultry, but the evening was cool and pleasant. We* hud been fa king of our childhood. W liter i and I; of the old school house in the lam-: of the pale young t.-achor who now sh ot in the church yard ; tin* sweet, patient crea ture who Hist led our trembling footsteps in the path of knowledge. Wt* talked ofour schuol mates and of ourselves: our joys and sorrows, onr pleasures and pains.— j Our voices were low and tender, and our hearts were sad. We walked up the gravelled paths, Walter and I. and stood :ti the shadow of the little arbor, bent be neath its weight of woodbine and honey- i suckle. 11 I helu ve I *ai<l before that it was twi- . light: the sweet lorath of the June rose* per turned tie air; no sound save the found of the katydid and the chirp of tin cricket broke the solemn stillness. We st;iod there, silently, thoughfully, oom-; muiiiug with our own hearts. Oh. how ; memory wanders hack to that evening of happiuess, forgetting the year* of sorrow, the dark yens ot gloom that followed, overlooking the hopes and fear-, the crush ed spirit and laecrated In-art ; forgetting .ill the bitter tears, the agoniz-d pruvers. 1 tile intense longings f<>r peace; forgetting ; i all the events t tiiose live years, how 1 memory to-night wanders back to that , hour of joy ’Twas then, in the pule 1 glimmer of llte new moon’s light, that 1 ; Walter told tin* of the hive of years, ami j : asked me to be ins wife. 1 placed mv , hand in hi* and promised to hr id- and ls> 1 . alone, and he drew me to his breast and ;' blessed me with ki-ses and tears. How 1 , loved him—how 1 tru-tid hiui I Oh. it *! woman eul I retain that sweet cedi i - see 1 in the honor u.d love of man—if hecould ‘ but pasa thro t"h life w;;!i that faith nn- : broken! -VI is ! hitter ami tin idle i-. the 1 lesson ail mu =t learu. that the human iuart is ueceittu) above ail things—that none are ■ 1 to be trusted. I was very h ippy for several months uf- j i ter our engagement; hut ail brigiit dreams ‘ must have their awak< niug, and so had mine. Walter came one evening, and I : ; noticed that he was unusually quht and ! thoughtful. He seemed so tender and 1 kind, yet so sad., that I knew he was trim- * bled. He was going away—going to a distant city ti. practice law, ami I would 1 bu left alone. But I must be patient, for 1 was li* nor coming back in two years to 11 take me with him as Ids bride? Then he 1 would he min-,—all mine—my Walter—l my hiisbuiid. He left me one bright morning in Octo-, : her. The sun wi sinning and the birds 1 singing, as if it wore a day for rejoicing. * All nature scented bright and happy; but J there was darkness in my heart—a dark, gloomy foreboding. It seemed as if the 1 sun of my life had set forever, and all was dark But us time passed on and his lot- : , lers came, so kinl, so loving, so earnest. I was better reconciled to his absence, and looked eagerly ami hopefully to the fu- , titrc. Flow 1 watched for his letters— ‘ thowc h-tters that were tuy daily food those letters that I lived on day after day; they were alw iys the same—warm, tender, | - honeful 1 was not unhappy. 1 was ' •11 •• 11 ( patiently, oag rly muting. . A letter came one dav. about a year uf- W • • I ter Walter w. t.t away. It ran as follows: •‘Kffit*. darling, forgive me that I cause ( you sorrow, i cannot come to you penni- ! less. 1 will not claim your hand until I 1 can give you l.fe's comforts and laxuiies. I I have struggled here in vein. To-mr-r --i row I sail for India. 1 write instead of 1 i coming to yon, for I could not h**ar the parting. Hoo willing, 1 will return in three years to claim you. Hod be with you. darling. Forgive me, but never fur- * get your failhtul “Walter.” j

Did you ever build a castle in the air? * Did you see it fall to the earth ami cru.-h 1 beneath its ruins the love and busies of t years? Did you ever love, place your t win L UUsl aui coutideuee in man. and i i r " ■■■ after tasting Intlie cup of happiness, have it dashed lips V Did you feel the deep •'rkKtdo down heavily, crash inglv on yoajjKeart ami cover it, over whelm it lijiMPKijf. crushing out ail the joy, all flie ulrwwt ;:1! the life? (fii, it wcre Mlfcr far if it did destroy the life that endure. aud die by slow and torture 1 letter came, an account of th loss of the steamer Newcastle, bound for India, and among the lint of lost was file name of ‘ Walter Meredith, of Georgia/’ It did not shook me—T did not faint-—1 could wot die—my heart was already 'lead aud broken—nothing could wound it now. They were weary days that followed: days of sorrow slid nights that seemed to h ive no end. lam waiting now for tin? summons from ou high, waiting for the dark robed lueiScnger to call me away from earth. I am <juict —t am calm. There is a plain ring upon my left hand; iht simple inscription within it is. “1 trust thee.” I look upon it often in my hours of grief and loneliness, and 1 am faithful, lie did not trust in vain. Mo is waiting for luc in tire regions of bliss. It will not be long er< I meet him. my lost, my loved, my Walter. Wnitiuj. wearily, sadly, patiently irailiny ! CAKELMSS PEOPLE. The world is full of careless people, and c n nsejiient!y the newspapers are lull of * dreadful acc.deuts ’ ami ‘ slmekiugcassi alilies.” Chihli ‘eti are expected to he rat ti-brained and carries.',; but fbr their fathers and mothers there is > excuse? Only the other day our nerves were walked up to esplosi m p unt hy an ac count of a perilous operation, bv winch a woman's trachea was opened to remove a silver dime which had lodged there. And how <*n earth did a silver done ever get into a woman’s wind pipe? Simply ! ccausc she was careless, ami 1.1 ighvd wi-li h r mouth full of little coins W as there no other place where she could her tlirec-cent pieces? We do Lei sorry for a creeping ha by, when it gits hold of the bars of the grate by mistake, m cuts it> fingers, or bumps its head, but for grown people, who suffer from their own recklessness, we have very little patience! V hat is tlie use ot a woman's convert ing her mouth into a pineu.-bnai, aud • h*.s. expecting nur sympathy, when a •*ud!<n MiC /e or an unexpected cough imperils her life? What is the use of a man’s balancing him-elf on an oscillating chair, instead of sitting up straight like a Chilblain ? j Are ire expected to lind vim-ger and j br< \vn paper for the contusion upon the’ back of bis head, when finally he comes dow i with a cra.-li (y*n I ei ves him right \)i' ' hat is tlic use of a woman picking her ear.-, with a long knitting m-eitie, a. half tin* women ito, when a child run ning against her would send the in.-liu meiK three inches into lur biain, if she b.i g-t any ? V\ hat is the u.-n of a man’s handling a loaded, gun as though i‘ were a broom han dle. and then accu hig Pr\ ihence because , the charge goes into his hand or foot, as he si igiit have known it would ? ’A is the use of a woman’s buying arsenic to poison rats and putting it just ‘'here the children will be sure to gi t ut i it? W hat does she suppose In r reasona ble faculties were given her for? W Suit is the use of leaving children to play by themselves in a room where there is fir.:, or of postponing tin* sweeping of •hat dangerous chimney until “to-inor row v VV hat i the use of endangering life bv ♦he use of the fiend cauiphetie, as long a.- anything else will give light ? ThoseVho persist in this practice must have a grea ter fancy for being burned to death than the rest of the world I In short, what is the use of careless people ?— Mrs. liy/ys. _ , , ANTED, THE PuESIDENT’s SIUNATIKE. llie Washington correspondent of th< Portland Adctrlinri' tells the following: “The reception of the President on I Saturday was very fully attended, lit treats his visitors with great afiability,, and hvars their business with apparent patience. Yesterday, one of hi- visitors,, who was an applicant fur a clerkship in one ot the Departments, after being r fer red to the Secretary as the proper person to whom to make his application, u-rv coob v requested the President to si/u hi* jtrhhoit. The President, it is said, re marked. ‘Y\ hy, my friend, you would place me in the position of the Ju-lice of the Peace, who. after deriding tlic matter before him, said he was vcr> glad the case went as it did.’ ” A Maiden lady in IJ tstou, on reading an account of the marriage of Miss Geor giana Ives, at Chicago, tu young IfeUtley, w ho saved her from drounivg at ihe sink ing of the steamer />o/y &Tjin, said ; “P’s a very romantic a;Lir; no doubt; but I would rather be drowned, any time, than, to sit Half the night with a young man, on a piece- of wivck. in mv night !l • F gown. NO- 14 Jg'BPIg i —■■■■■■■ Sidnaj’s Death-Bed 1 , . I Leicester described Sidney’s wound as i . <tt dangerous, the bone being tiroken., . in piece*: but said that the surgeons were > in good ho]*. “I pray God to save .bis .; life,” sail the carl, “and 1 care not hew • lame he he.” Sir Philip was carried to Arnheim, when? the Lest surgeons were f j iujpwl lately pain which they inflicted with great ibcer-j f fulness, although bln self pra ’cd that h liis wound was mortal. For many days the result was doubtful, and messages Were si nt day l v day to England that he was convalescent—inn l!ig- -ice which was hailed b by tlie .jueon and people as a matt' r not j, i of private* but of public rejoicing. He , soon began to fail, however. Count llo henio was badly wound*.d a few days later , before the great fort of Zutphen. A mmket-bal! entered his mouth, and passed through liis cheek, ea.rvieg ofi a jewel 1 whien hung in Isis ear. Notwithstanding , his own critical condition, however, Ho- ', lienhrsent his surgeon, Adiian van del . I** t ieg- !, u man of groat skill to wait upon Sir Philip, but Adrian soon felt that the , , case was hopeless. Meantime fever and gangrene attacked tlic count himself: aud , those in attendance upon him, fearing for ( his life. Si.ut for his surgeon. Leicester , r* fused to Adrian to depart, and, j Hohenlo very generously ac.jnii seiig in , the decree, but, also reijuiring the sur geon’s personal care, caused hinis -lf to be tr.iM-purtod in a litter to Arnheim. Sid- 1 , • 'ey was first to n cognize the symptoms of mortification, which made a fatal result I inevitable. Ui.s demeanor, during his , sickness and upon his death-bed, was i as beautiful as his life. He discoursed with his friends concerning the immortali- J tv of the soul comparing the c!oct:iucs '' of Plato and of oilier at;ci-nt philosophers, ! whose writings were so familiar to iiim, ! with the revelations of Scripture, and with the dictates ot natural religion. Henudi h s will with minute and elaborate provi- . •ion<, leaving bcijUebls, remembrances ! Imm rings, to all his friends. Then he . 1 , tiiilu.ged with music, and listened particularly to a strange song which be ha<. himself composed during his illness.' 1 and which he had entitled "Jax Cohst I , -oinjj He took lea * a of the frii nd> . around inn, with perfect edmness, ‘•aying , to Ins brother Hubert, “Jjuvc mv memo ry. (Mierisli my friends above all, gov- ‘ eni )nur will and afl’ei.-tioio },y the will 1 and word of your Creator; in me behold- 1 ingiheind of thff world with all her . many vanities,— Mutlr,' Vnitvtl 1 Illitl*. TfvA? j-. Here is an cx'juisiicL suggestive prose ! poi m: 1 I‘as-ing a neat little martin boy of a i !onc lasi eveinng w** hapjwn d n* sec a : man waiting at the door lor aduiittance.— r At the instant a green blind above just Open* d a little Way. and by the gas light i we caught the glimpse f a pair of bril- ;ii liant eyes and a fiuttor f'f sou,, thing white, i ami a bird toned voice softly said, “U'hoV v there .' " /f,s nit , was the brief response. 1 The eyes and the Hatter di-appeared from , c the window, like star.- in a cloud, and we |o almost fancied, 'is we pa.-svl mi, wc could a hear the paiteiing of twj little feet upon i 1 the stairs. \wer“’. with welcome. ! v It was r. lilii. ; it Jfaj pencil all to be in r an instant, but it haunted us for an hour, i It’s mi. Amid the jar of the great ei;y, i , those words fII upon the tjuiek ear aloft, v , an j met a glad re.-j onse. 1 It* air J And \i!:o was “me?*’ The v prnL of a heart’s life no uoul t ; the tree, r u vine was clinging to ihe “Defender o! 1 die Faithful," is the best sense in the- t wuild. t ' lt'< m• /” Many th :re are who would : give hull rlieir hearts, and more than half o ; the hope iu tin in. for one such recogni tion in I hi- “wide fc wide world.” On < i (’htinge. in the Directory, at the Post Of fice. he was known as A. U. S., Ksii.,', ■"* I>ut on the threshold, and within those •' wall- it's me and nothing more : what more ] c ’ is there one would love ti> be? 1 Few of all the hearts that beat 80 wildly, I warmly, sadly, slowly can recognize a trite ,- seal amid the din and darkness of the 11 work I. in that .-impb- hut eleijuclit it* mr. f* As if he hud said, * r X.U 1 .tin nfliiig all t!iu word. Fur 1 am all the worl 1 to tnee. . ti THE LOKBY: SLANH. I The following arc given by a Harris-. burg paper as tie* phrase.a most in use du ll. ig a session of the Pei; tisylvania gis- ' lature. and which it is necessary t * know the meaning of before any Legislative .' favor isabked: *' A “Di'vy.” in the, language *f the Soloiis, mean- the proceeds of the sale of * a vote. "Getting one s books in, winch is understood to lc ijaite a recent aojuisi- } tiin. Indicates th it an individual uuc has • been so fortunate os to become a partici- p pant in a scheme. “The King” is an p unholy alliance, which is common, and of j course vulgar, report s*iy - is instituted h foi black mail pnposes A mcuibci wlio .u I i h “fixotT on ary measure is understood to have had influences brought to be?r to such an extent that he has finally decided hot,: to vote. When a project is* set up.” it is known that a plan has.been ar ranged by which success trill probably follow. Every one understands what a legislative • snake," is, and how liable the * ‘little Williams” (j. e. hulk) are, to raugemonts for t her passage of an act. “A. Striker” is one who remains in the city and hunts up the game to be slaughtered at Hkrrisburg. Ills is the province to suggest to. parties, interested in corpora tions the advantage of a little supple ment. or an act explanatory of an art in corporating the company. **A stake” is a (itposit made in advance of the pas sage of an act for the purpose of paying supposed expenses. “A Contingent*’ i.- uu indefinite form of n promise made to keep outsiders (juiet, ami mystifv the cor respondent ofsome newspaper. “An Out sider’ is any one who is not ready or able to asfi.vt in some scheme for plun der. “The Twenty-fifth ward” is the entire State, exclusive of the city of Philadelphia. “Merit” is synonymous with money. “To knock” a hill is to defeat it. New words are coined almost every session to meet exigencies. Parties interested further t\ill please make appli cation to a member of the Legislature. Statistics of Mohmov Poiti.ation.— The 1 ullrif Tan copies tlie following sta tistics of Mormon population : The popu lation of Mormons in the I'nited States and British dominions, in 1 >'*(, was not less than <s6.Out). of winch dB.OOn were residents in l : t:ih, ti.tit 0 in New Vor* State, in California 6,(‘t)o in N*v.*, Scotia and in the (’ana las, ami l,00<) In South America. In Europe there wuo Mti.tHMi. of which Hl* IMM* were in (Jreuc Britain and Ireland, 6,000 in Scandina \ia, li.l'OU in (jlerinauy, Switzerland and France, and the mt of Europe l.too, in Australia and Polynesia. *J. L'O; in Africa, 1)0, and on travel :i,SOO, T * these, if we add the different brunches, including Sarengities. Bigdotiifc s, Wilh ites, lllV whole *.et Wat. not leS thill !“■■.o(‘(). In I 'd)! there appears to liave be.u a decrease in the population of 1 tali, the number being oulv of which o,iH*O were children, about 11.0(10 women, and 11,000 men capable of bear ing arms. *1 here are men with light or more wives: of these Id have more than nine wives: Tdo men with five wires, 1,100 with four wives, and 1i.60H with more than one wife. Beeapi tulatiru;— l,tii7 men with about 10,600 wives. I ;uvati:kiun( ami 1 f irviv—Th; Rich mond l)i*f' tf -h remarks; As to th • tnreat of I ringing, now so common i.i coercive circ les, let it never he forgotten dial hemp grows in i|j. South more abnn hintly than in the North, and that hang ing is a game at which two can plav. For every Southern privateersman hung without judge or jury* two >ons of iho Pilgrims will be swung tip like drle I jouUs.h at the first convenient * lamp-post, r i.ak tr . , <>r yard aiiii. Let them inau gurate the:r id *ek.vlc a.a soon as thav' like, and initiate at once the brutalities with which they threaten any attempt st, rosi-tame and ’.reprisal. We venture to predict that if they dare t > mete out anv measure to iSoulaen. privateers which they would th<nis< h’M- consider unjust and in• if inflicted by EurojK-nn mcn-of war upon tli -lr own private armed ma rine. the prisoners of t!i • South will be made to pay an eve for *n eye. ,i moth fur a t rth, and a I’To for a life, (ill lacy are tick to the soul of * bung ing Pofhr|u privateers without jodga trjnrj.” AS I STKCKSTIKU P Al’KK.— M, Boil*- dngault recently read to the French Academy of Sciences an extremely inter 'sting historic account of the* discovery 1 f he nitrogenous guanos of Chili an I Peru, and tho.-'C of the islands of the P; - ifie. He outers int> > great detail rf,pn ng the origin of the guanas of Peru, formed of the excrements of sea bird*. de •ignated b} the irc Merie name of jvavo 'he*. io explain the ciionnous accninu atious of gin no on the inland**, it suffie* h to admit tint they were freiiucnted every night fi.r six thousand years by tv imii'lred and sixty thousand birds—nnm t*eT that are not exorbitant, considering he enonimti- number of those fowl. In •one lu-ion. M. B*iU©ingaiilt takers octa don to mention the*' servic(‘g which put ; cm nee rentiers to humanit}, recalling that t wa.> the observations of a geologist, Mi. Uuekland, and the analysis of a ehemis?, 'I Bert bier, which firbt called ntt* mi** # M these extremely valuable debits. . —:• -■ — . , X*# The speech of Vice Presid* fit Su >hci>s ot the Southern iJooWderaev is re produced in alinost all the Ib-j uidiean nurr.als. They all say, the petition wln I* ie takes precludes all possibility of a iuiou. • Fli