Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, April 4, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated April 4, 1861 Page 2
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SAINT MARY’S BEACON LEONARD TOWN, MD. THURSDAY MORNING. APRIL 4. INI Forged Order* A yonng negro nan, named William Lyles, belonging to Col. Chapman Billings- j ly, of Patuxent dbdrirt, tu taken up oa Saturday last for attempting to pans a forged order for good* upon Messrs. Ad ler k Co., of our tillage, and lodged in jail. The name of William E. H>oper t Esq., was signed to the order, which was well written and gate evidence of consid erable skill in cbirograpbj. A forged or der, with the name of David 8. Briscoe, Esq., bad bees presented by a negro man to tbs same firm two weeks before and tiled, but it was subsequently ascertained, en application to Mr Briaeoe, to be a for gery. This circumstance doubtless indu ced Messrs. Adler k Co. •> be a little wary of orders presented by the colored population, and o cloae inspection of the , erder presented on Saturday, they conclu- < ded that this was also a forgery, which it 1 turned out to be. Oe Tuesday last, the | owner of William, who bad been apprised j of the facts in the case, disposed of him to t a gentleman of Bk-bmond, Va.. f*rsl2oo. It Is supposed that William, who li a very | intelligent negro, wrote the order himself j t which be presented on Saturday, as it is i j now known that be can write very well. ' The negro who presents! the first order has i" not yet been identified. c Tbt Virginia Convention- W notice of late a decided change in p the lone of thia body. Several delegates, * •iceted bv Union or ati-vces*iou conati- 1 J C tueueiss. bare been recently instructed to vote for seeession, and have signified their * willingness to obey instructions. Reseln- e tiou have been passed prohibiting the pa a- 11 sago of troopa through the State to rein- j loros Southern forts or aggress the South- a em people. Also, it has been resolved to • j permit the landing of no more implements * of war upon Virginia soil, by the Fedeial * tfoverumeut. Upon the whole, appear- a aaoes indicate that Virginia is "wanning • r up," and. we "should not be astonished, if i she should soon set an example to the x Border State# worthy of their imitation. ( Maryland stands pledged to follow in her ( footsteps—heux-, we arc much gratified j*! that this shauge for the better, hat maid- i 1 fested itself. * ( “ " '*~ ■ The Maws- j t The steamer Africa, from England, of!t March the 15tb. confirms the very favors- 1 bis grain news which came to Land lv the ® • - * c steamer City of Baltimore. London and ] Liverpool advices indicate general firmness i in the grain trade and a considerable ad- 1 ▼ance in tbe price of grain. They also in- * timato that heavy orders were preparing a the United States, lo be sent by the j •learner Africa. Political news is exceed- £ ingly flat and devoid of interest. The * Morrill Tariff went into operation on the * Ist of April, All Pool's Day, and is ex- j j-ected to produce great commercial eonfu- i moo at the principal porta of entry. "The | c w>bsr second tbeoght,” if wc ar to credit | [ lAt Utt election news from Connecticut, i-i; ferther from a return than ever. As fr i, ns heard from. tb%* Republicans have gained * th* last election. Our Union friends 1 ar ecrUinly very bad prophets. —♦- 1 Returned Homs- ] Jooefk Forrest, bsj , who has been on 1 • visit to the South and South Weat dur- 1 iog the past month, returned lo the eoun- ' ly last week, and is. we are happy to state. , In excellent health. Mr Forrest expres ses himself highly gratified witb his virit and speaks in the most flattering terms of | (be country which he visited. Clement Watkeu, Esq., who accompanied him, is at present in Mississippi, m*d is not expected lo return until the Pali. Tbe "sergeant'* Ann- (he good wishes of every body who knew him in the county and particularly of the members of the * 'Rifles.” to sll of whom b# baa endeared himaeif by bis amiable manners and gentlemanly deportment. —— ■ ■ ■ ■ Tbn Riley Eiffec TV# regular monthly parade of this Company will come off on Saturday even- > ing nex* at U o’clock, p. m. We have been authorised to request the attendance •f every member of tbe Company. We knvo noticed, witb regret, that several of tbe members have been absent from tbe parade drill# for two months and up wards. This should not be, and we trust that hereafter tbe absentees will be more prompt sod punctual in tbe discharge of tbe obligations which they have volunta rily imposed upon themselves. tbt CemmlsM—srs* Court- This body bad n meeting on Tuesday lasi en wbieb occasion, among ocher busi ness. they levied tbe Rtate Tax and ap- j painted Clement 8. Thompson collector lo CUptie* district in place of Francis M. (MM, or intends rw Moving, from, tbt dfinrict [fV.Tiir\ "UTFO Tbs Union Forty in tbe Border States. Masses Eutou. It it a* where chroni cled on the | ages of history that the bass and treacherous have, heretofore, dared to give publicity * • their scheme.-, nitd mvke. % of th tr coii’plicitr or afiili ation with’trv*n end s ohn^x ions and dangerous t*> the State and Socie ty in which the) have lived, ('auiiuc, witb all bis reckksa effrontery, did Ljt dare to publish to the citizen* of Rome his design# upon their liberties; and, when his project for changing tbe form of Govern ment was discovered, be was ignominious ly driven out by a people whom he had attempted to outrage, and whose rights and liberties he had dared to invade. At (bis day, when mankind have be come more enlightened and consequently more sensitive as to their rights what do we see tolerated in thia country? In the Border Slave States, our ywn included, a party hostile to our institution*, exists. The doctrines of Seward. Philip* and Gree ly are publicly preached and openly advo cated. Converts sre sought to be made, and our citizens are told, in plain terms, that slavery is a curse, an abhorrent crime, and that the influence of Black Republi canism will be strenuously exerted to crush it. And these are the men. though as yet insignificant in numbers, that con stitute a portion of tbo Union party in the Border Slave States. Apostates fVom the faith of their fathers, they make war upon the rights thoy hcd thrir blood to acquire. And why is Abo!itiouim tolerated in our midst? Why are men. under the guise of Union lovers and Union preservers, suffer ed to pollute our atmosphere witb their poisonous sod infamous do<*trium> 1 Why are they not made to recant or driven from , among us? It is simply because they arc > countenanced, and co-operated with by n I certain political association, existing in the Border State*, popularly known an the "Union Parly.” This party, without . platform or known principle*, other than ! submission to Black Republican doiuina- ' don. and a hitter hatred of every thing pertaining to democracy, with Henry Winter Davis at its head in this Slat.*, ind led on by ethers of "his kith and kin” ■ elsewhere, is alunc responsible for the ex isting foundation of a parly, hostile to Southern Institutions, in the Border Slates. It i true than* now seems lo he some dis agreement in the camp, fir the Black He-} publicans in the Border States, though willing to divide, arc uot dispos’d to yield j to their allies all the Federal Spoils. Yet, ; we are apprehruaive of a reconciliation, | and are unwilling to rely too implicitly j upon the old adage that, "when rogues 1 fall out, honest men get their dues.” Bur | te return to the subject. It may be asked j —can it be possible that we bare men in | our uihlst so debased and depraved? With ! shame we admit th lauiruuble fact. ; Those are men among us like the neto- ; rious luipey, whom the name of Nun- i comar Las made immortal, who. if they can have their cofT.ra filled, arc willing to ' sit down "rich, quirt, and infamous” re gardlcss of what may befal others, whilrf j their own and their country's honor de mand. alike, at their hands an rmpbnti -! denunciation of, and a strict no*-inter- . course with tbe enemies of If* institnrionF , It is to these then and this party we are. i . ■ the main, indebted fur the political iron- • hies, that at present surround us. But \ for this party the Border Slave States < would have, long eicMiis, taken their po- i silion with their Southern Skiers, or what j is better, the North, overawed by the gi- ; gantie character of the movement, wool 1 have made proper accessions to the Sooth; i and. we should have been, as of old, a j united, contented and prosperous people. ! But for this party our commercial interest ; would not now hare been in its present j deplorable condition; our property, here. * would not have been depreciated mar on r . hundred per cent, in its value; and, mutu- : al esteem and confidence, net ill-feeling, ; doubt and misgivings, would have existed j between our people. But for this party, 5 abolitionism would have been at present! and forever, purely sectional, and its dele terious influences would have been con firmed strictly to the land that gave it birth. No man would hare dared rai*e his reicc in behalf ofsnch doctrines, South of the laud of Snmn- r and Garrison; and the South would hare been a unit upon tbe great question in wbich her, honor and the permanency of her institutions is in volved. The democracy of the South would bare tolerated the existence of ao hostile enemy in the camp. The traitors, if there dared be any. would hare been driven out from the land lh**y would desolate: and the wail of Union for the sake of union—without equality or a re dress of wrongs—would no where be heard within ear borders. The pallet of the Uuioa Party, as set forth by a Mr. Ollins of Baltimore city, —whose, heretofore, existence, like the principles of bis party, seems to be in volved ia mystery —purports tube the pre servation of the union, the accomplish ment of wbleh ia to be brought about by frequent appeals through the Baltimore Son, to the sordid and baser prejudices ;of our eitiacua. Such a tbiug as honor. State or National, seems entirely un known to Mr. Collins; sad it seems that he would build up for himself a fame, or ala least a notoriety, by publicly pro claiming, over his own signature, that when honor and interest come ia conflict, the former mast be sacrificed. This Union party, we will do it the justice to say, possesses al least one virtue—that of con sistency. It commenced its career of in famy by (ha elevation of Mr. Banks rotbe Speakership of Congress; and will per haps he willing to clone it when it shall have aemi-abolitiouised (he Border Slave States. It has sucoecdid in breaking down the democratic party, without ad vancing its own interests, other than tbe elevation of an opposition leas obnoxious lo its taste, and endowed witb the merit !of seeking alike the same end. It is true a share of the Federal patronage has been secured, and the reward will no doubt prove ample lo stimulate its leaders to m and gvritet exertions. These tnivU mem ere abolitionists it is true. ■ Wl ■ .'IPIg ■ 1 Vnt *.r<* V-r much lf**s Jsnf to a .Southern community ? Arrayirg th*:o- I tdfe* in hostility ■* a prtj f -“j neatly stiriii.e * prMii>tc th*- interest. ! | and secure the right* <A uur peopu, they • |clog sa<i ir*niu**l its cvrrv no\*iuti:t; • | uJ. hive tb i* fn- -pi*wit- 1 in r ;uig vV rv -ff"-t that has K***n made to 'luring about j*r**rT <um honorable ai {juauurkt of <Mir Nati'Hsw) trouble*. Bat 1 j fur them, the proud sxtd ueliaut tone >*f • j the North would long laoOu have bet u I a ambled. and, we verily believe, a corr ’ promise effected. Bat. when the North finds herself supported by a party in the ; Border Slave States, nearly, if not quite. ': equal In numbers to th*t which is battliug I I for Southern rights, ahe may well be lar ! dy and ulk af coercion. j This state of things cannot much longer I exist. Every citixeu csff the South is either with it nr again* it. There can j no lunger ex*t in our midst parties wliJi- ■ out platforms, and no n without j principles, who, upon the empty and j hollow cry of Unien, can ride into pow er The day, for such d'*uing-*giiu G past; and the citiaens of the Border States | are awakening to the dangers upon them ( The voice of Henry is ringing through j the mountain* and being wafted over the | plains of Virginia, and, is clarion notes,j is sounding, the dealh<h>T II af the trai- j tor. Maryland will follow the foot-ttps ; 1 of Virginia, and. like her, after exhaust- j j ing every honorable means of securing ' | her rights in the Union, will go out of! it. This is democratic doctrine this! lis the dorlrine of every patriot in our , nid<; and. wo ask the Union nun among !u to come forward and subscribe t. it. VVe a*k y*u lo throw ulf, at leaht for a time, the shackles of party. Divest ! yourselves, at least for n season, of vour j J hatred to democracy, sai devote your selves to ihe interest of your country j ; We do not ask you lo s* cession i*tj j*r a*. for wc yield to u man in devotion j jto the Ynion as frame! by our fathers. 1 jWc simply usk you to sustain us in the j ; defence of our comm on rights. If. lv 1 presenting a united front to Northern! aggression, it cannot he frowned down. l and it becomes necessary to buckle on ur {armor and g. f rth to the fight, w** ask , i you. as eitiseiis of a common territory. ; ; with common right*, to protect, to second : i us in our struggle against, the eiKtuics of! our institutions. Wc demand no more, j t could w. 3 ask less ? Against the Union party in Saint Mn i ry’s County and Southern Maryland ' generally, wc have no harsh words t• ; | o*t*-r. Th *y are. in the main, true to I t the south and her institutions and that i i , all we desire. Their association baa been ) I bad it is true, but they have show*. ; j themselves proof against contamination, i i and deserve the more credit for passing ! through the ord -al and coming out un • scathed Of tlov. flicks and the Union ; ! press of this .State we will not speak, for ; each has spoken and in manner sufli-! . ciemly distinct to be an iersto jd and p- j • predated. We will leave the course o‘’ i each to the fuimm-nUtors of another age. \ and the judgment of posterity. Wrj would, however, suggest lo his Kxe?llen- \ cv that the comments up u hit course be j written by his biographer ! Mcssr- Edittj?. 1 will now oonclu Ic by ; ; indulging in the hijH* that th Union par- j jty tuny learn wisdom and Virtue from j . the and corrupt democracy —lb it j jit may yet learn there arc pasious in the j ! human brea.-t more worthy of cultivation j i than fhiwe of hatred, prejudice, or jeatou- j ■ sy; and. that, when exigrneics like the; ! present arise, he, who cannot divest him* | j self of all and every feeling of partisan j i hostility, is unfit to be a participant in • i the government of a fre- people, and uu \ i worthy to hear the name of AMERICAN CITIZEN, j Sheridiniana. j Sheridan unfortunately fell ini * th'* • j hibneious usages <*f his time. s>> much *• j ■ that the authors of ' The Wits and Beaux of Society” declare his intemperance to . ' have keen as great and incurable as hi- ; i extravagance, and that his mind, if no;, j bis body, lived only on -timulant* He i 'could neither write imr speak without j j them. His friends occasionally iuU-rfcred. \ | This drinking, they told him. would des- i 1 troy the coat of his stomach. “Then my ! ' stomach must digest iu ila waistcoat ’’ j laughed he. Numerous stories of his wit, even when | : prostrated by intemperance, are recorded. I On one occasion at a late bonr at night or very early l.,ur in the morning, after be had been dining out at some aristocratic mansion, in what Byron called “the West I and worst end” uf Loudon, he insisted on ! walking home without any one to help ! 1 him. After a I >ng and circuitous ram | blc. he reached Burton Cresent, near the iI New Road, a place at least two miles from , \ Saville Row, Piccadilly, where he reri > I ded. lie was found, with his arm around •j a lamp post, gaaing stolidly at vacancy. > and still suffering from the effects of too >! much wine. The person who recognised r him exclaimed, “Good Heavens, Mr. ?' Sheridan, what arc you doing, here in ), Burton Crescent, at this hour of the morn* , j ing !” Making that effort to appear sober. • j which usually makes a man look like a I I dissipated owl of bad babtta and iudiffer r etC morals. Sheridan answered, “You . j see, my friend Mr. Garrow lives here, and i I want to consult kin ow some law bust* • ness, and as the Crescent is going round, i 1 am waiting until bis hawse pastes • by, , and then 1 can easily pop into it.** On another occasion, when Sheridan . was so helplessly overtaken by liquid I temptation as to have fallen in the gutter. • in St. Martini Lane, he was picked up. I sud the watchman who performed that act *, of kindness asked his name and where he r would like to be taken to. Sheridan con - 1; (rived ta say, “duly across the street to ; Slaughter's coffee house. lam not often i thus—my name is Wilberforea.” II From bad health, and perhaps from s ’ moral conviction, Wilbcrfbrce was a tem t peranoe man at that time and to-bis death, > and to pass off for Wilbarlorae. in a state k of remarkable elevation, was one of the I! bits of malicious Cun in which Sheridan . | delighted. i \ For lit* ii:f**firaton *f th*' curious w* may add that p'-rt wine w- * tb. fivori:* ' K<*v*mgc of Sh.-ri Inn nnd Pitt. Sheridan said the port •|ui<:k‘ii<-<2 the circul tion nod the fancy at the same thus, adding < that he seldom mail*- a speet-h iu Fariia l ti*houi th- xf tw> j Vfilliim Pit*, ri'fitd vnler of K*“*l;ind jff *m 17ttd Up his Vih in red

!gr-aly from iitsry rout, to wh : eh hi i father. Lrd Uh *th nu, was a victiui f-.r j jfba lt twetiiy years of hi.- life; bat,, tiiuuph bin pivaicin wsrord him that death was in the h>- iu ii freely ! i —at tiu-*s even immoderately—in |a*rt wim. of which, prevlou* t‘ an i > nportat.r debate, he wuul l ■*w:i!lw i**'veral boltlt s; ,to relieve him-elf from the latigu* r pro- | •iuced by extreme in-ntal and bodily ex ertion. At length wine laa.Heil to vxcite ; him sulfieieiillx and he li nl rec*iurse to * I laudanum, of \*hi<-h he took two btliidrid drops at a thine j Pitt nearly hist hi* life, at oik* time. s*i a drunken fnlie. One night a toll bar keeper, on the r<**d lietwvoii Uroydmi anti Wimbledon, was amused from slum bers; by the rapid approach of three horse men, who galloped through, the gate be- j ing op-n. without pausing to pay the foil ‘ Having fr (pieutly hw*n choused, (to mse | the worihy'n own w*r>li*.) l*y person* play j ing the same bilking trick, aud several ; robberies having lately taken place in that j neighborhof*]. the g.ite keeper tired off his biunderbui at the horsemen, but without* ! effect. Ntfxl da\, wh n a rervaut called I to pay the t!I, the man diic *vered tliat j the cquesTian triumvirate consisti-l of William Pitt. Lord Tiutrlow. and Henry I)un*las—primi-iiiinistei. bml-Ulmacellor. and treasurer <*f ih- uavy-—wh* had dined wiih Mr. Jenk'iison. afu-nrards L* r l of’Liv i erpool at (’rnyd*n. *ud werer*‘iu*-nin*. ful ly charg'd with wine. t- Mr. PiftV kous-' at Wimbledon. Thr utrl lirunx of i iSHifiWw. I ! j i Judge Sprague on Treason* At the op uing of the United States i District Uoiiri in H>>:on, on Tuesday.!) Judge delivered a charge to the j Grand Jury u the nrure .f treason. — ; ; H** held that tin* no*ion of the General Go eminent br*i.,g a iu re conf*deraev . i a fonJamental him dangerous *rror; and i th.* t the U**ii-ii!uti , u •. .-t.tblished a g.*virn- < incur with th highest attributes >f •rtignty. Referring t the elaiue which; defines tr ason. b*‘ toaiiitaincd that *'levv in„ w. % xq’ii'. ' d r m;.i ary assemblage to undertake hostilities, not a mere con- :' spuaey, however atruciou* it miglit be.— I* A treasonable purpose exulted whenever : ] the object was to prevent by force the ex- ; , ceutiun of any one law. as this would l*e 1 I overthrowing the Government to thi ex- . 1 tent. But the gulden outbreak of a mob 1 whs a different iffai r . *u /, ?i bodie not de signing to couiiuae together. To tak forcible possession of f rf*. ars,-Tinls oi !! other property of the l’ait-.d States, was a flagrant act of levying w.r. The *lu itr* then allud'd to tb. Mibjeot ; j of furnishing supplies lo oogag.-l ii i j treasonable .scheme*. A persons in league ; , I with thouc who w* re levying war. who;, I should send them im imy. provision*, anm ' or intelligence, for the purpose of aiding! them, was a traitor, no matter how far distant from them, he might be. The \ ! trial must lake place within the limits of, j that State nnd dial net wh *rc the crime wa.- ! | committed. If, however, the condition of! either was xuch that the judicial tribunals | j could *>• t perform their functions, the j I crimes could not he permit, d. however, j atrocious they might he. The e inclusion I i anived at whs ; ! “The diKaffeered at times and i lin various s**ctins of the Union have ' arn jctlv B"Ught for some leg*! mode of resist- i j ing legitimate authority. But it has been j Go vain. There is uo such anomalous' : middle ground h *tvre -n ambmiss'mu anil re- • ! hellion ; anil this last extreme h* nt length ! 1 been reached. Secession is but aie'ther ‘ I name for revolution ; for it is vain to eon- i tend lor a constitutional right to overthrow th;* U'.nstitution and a legal right to des-! 1 troy all law. It is often said that the | ( Constitution d *es u<i contemplate making ! war upon a State. If by this is meant ‘ | only that a Stat**, as a }o)itieul body, is ! ; not to be compelled iu execute the Uws of {the United State*. It is true, because those i j laws act directly upon individuals, aud are j ! n*>t t b** ••if>treed by State authority, hut; my national itirtrunn-maliti . In oilier ; words, wc have a Government aud not a mere Confederacy. ■ “But if by the proposition that the j Constitution does not Contemplate war j upon a State is meant that the authority ; of tb United Sloes cannot be maintained i or its laws enforced, if a State organixa- i | tion interpose to annul them or protect its . • citiaens in doing so. nothing can he more | | erroneous. The Constitution unquestion* ! ably contemplated this contingency of ad* j ! verse State interposition or legislation, | and provided against it aud for the nation* al supremacy iu the ej.;ar and imperative language which has already been quoted. This supremacy may be maintained by the whole physical power uf the Nation, and whoever offends against the law is subject i to its penalties in whatever official robes j or insignia he may be clothed, or whatever i Stale parchments be may bold iu baud. “Congress have the right to declare j war. j t “With this high perogative they arc in vested in express terms, aud % without limi tation or condition. Its exercise is left to {their uncontrolled discretion. The Na* I tional legislature, therefore may make j war whenever it is an appropriate means lof vindicating the rights, or maintaining | j the integrity of the Nation. ’* i i \ Tmk Official Cxvsrs of the United States.—The official ceusna of the United i | States hat just been completed, and it I shows a total of thirty-one millions, four hundred and twenty-nine thousand, eight hundred and ninety-one (31.429,891.) . Of these, three millions nine hundred and i fifty-one thousand eifcht hundred and one a** slaves. r ' * ArFv.fCiXTi r.r* Orders. Us* f-* j On “I /lit to MMi 1 of the ulnniffst brings p%.r •fcii i** that t*i: v. Sc far as can tw 8-ei*rtaiiie*l liicw g-uUamtm are applicant* f*r clerk- ■ thw* department* tlw-re, having | letter* and petirione t* the secret arie.-. ! rigued Hr the local dergy. th.-ir friends 1 aui i'*wn*uiei and the school masters of j iii it bairicts, who in nearly every •***> is ■ the a.ith‘*r <*f their petition*. Ouc iut.j calk'd oa Mi. Cham* recently, having with him Hi* wife Uti i*hUrcr., and expected. I , a* he etpreaacd it. l* be set right to work. II: came from Indian i. The children. * wife and the baggage were all up to the Secretary’.•* office. TbU little incident actually occurred at • the State Department during Mr. Marry*- . reign. An aspirant for a place in jovial France iui|*urtuned the Secretary for a ; Consulship, and on b*-iug questioned by i the premier as to Lit ku*ioigc t tb* j French latiguag •, c*K>llj replied, *"l reek- ( on Governor to be soon or //, (au fait) 1 in that sort of thing as 1 have been a taken Icsbous on ’em for sour* time.** Mr Marev. greatly amused, told the applicant that be could nt have tlx* appointment. . as he had alrcadr made a foe pass (faux ; y**) Kkkk Skorok* in Viroima. -An ani mated discussion occurrcil in the S.-nate of N irgiiiid on Monday List, on a b;!I report ed in the Assembly f. >t the voluntary en slavement uf free negroes, without cotn pcnsatioii to the Cuntmouwealth. The Examiner of yesterday says in reference to if: T!i • bill was amended in various parts by the committee to whom it i.-> was refer red. Various amendments were offered in the Senate, and it comes up to-day as ; u (finished busine-s. The bill as it came from the House proposes m allow free ue- 1 ernes to enslave the natives to whom they C t , • please, and to exempt the master from 1 any payment of the value of the so en- 1 slaved jegro into the treasury of the Coin- | monwealth, By some it is eontcuJed that ; this would enable white men in humble . circuni stances to become slave owners. , and thus extend the institution and enlarge , and more widely diffuse the interest in . its preservation. On the other band, j there are those who eontcu 1 tht this would put the free n-gfie.s into the hanHs • of persons some of whim may be worth lees. A Weighty Decision*.— The Supreme Court of California (Judge* Field. Cope | and Baldwin.) ha affirmed th -judgment of the Court below, whereby it was o- ' tabiUhrd that the owner of the land in - California under a patent from the l’n-,J ite 1 Stati c owns all that gr \v> upon or is buried wit In u that lnd--owiis from; the centre <*f gravity t * k- t< i of ilo tie.* -id# ~ic as in our older {bate?. lu I "./I th tt Same t'eirt deci ded tllal the li.ilicral* i llbedded 111 Midi ’ lamia b miigcd U* 11: * Mate, by virtu*- of Spanish-M* xiran law and the princi- ! pal ui ein.B.-iii domaiu That decision is now completely r. yer-ed. by * nnr.n- 1 ini'oiA decision rendered on the 1 ’oh nl tiiuu, snd the right of the owner of the . , sob to the minerals contained therein dt-n dared absolute. The parties litigant t were Moore against Shaw , and Fremont ( against Flower, and the jmiut in tv now b> • COlisi lered settled. As Tr.ibis Stokv.- Two Irishman *-n- , gaged id peddling packages uf linen bought J an old mule u ai i in carrying the burdens. , One would ride a while, and thou the! other, carrying the bales of linen on the ; | mule. Oue day the Irishman \vb" was <n foot got close up to the bed* of his mule- , ship, when h- nc-ived a ki*k on one of, his shins. To be r.-veng-1 he picked up i a st-'iic and hurled it at the mule, but ; struck his companion on tie* back of his . head. Seeing what be had done be stop-, ped and began t" gman an i nip hi* ah in. ’ The one on the mule turned and asked; him wh it was the matter. “The bloody { erathcr kicked me” was llic reply. “Be! •Tabers he’a did tbo same thing to me on the back of me head.” said the other. i Fan.nt Fbhn on llisbanov—A lalyl having remarked that “awe is the most, | delicious feelings a wife can have towards i ! her Husband,'* Fanny Fern thus com-1 ment*: ( ‘‘Awe of a man whose whiskers you i ; have trimmed whose hair vou have rut, J i whose cravat you have tied, whose shirts 1 : yen have put in the wash.' whose boot* and shot's you have kicked into the closet, j whose dressing gown you nave worn w hile .combing your hair, who has been down in : the kitchen with you at 11 o’clock at night I to bunt for a chicken bone, who ha* hook- t ed your dresses, unlaced your boots, fas- j | tened your bracelets, and tied on your bonnet ; who has stood before your look i ing glass with thuni and finger on his pro j boecis. scratch his chin ; whom you hare j seen asleep with bis mouth wide opto ! Ridiculous !** What rut Skcedino States have Cost. —Louisiana (purchased of France) $15.- 000,000; interest paid $3.535.3&1; Flori da (purchased of Spain ) $5,000,000; iu ; tereal paid $1,480,000; Texas (boundary ) | $10,000,000; Texas (for indemnity) $lO,- i 000.000 ; Texas (for creditors, last Con gress) $7,750,000; Indian expenses of all i kind* $5,000,000; to purchase navy and ; pay troops. $5,000,000; all other expsndi- ( | tores $3,000,000; Mexican war, $-17,- 175,575; soldiers’ pensions and bounty land* $100,000,000; Florida war SIOO,- 000,000; soldiers’ pensions $7,000,000; to remove Indians 5 ,00(t,000; paid by trem- , ty for New Mexico $15,000,000; paid to * extinguish Indian lith-s $100,000,000; j !paid to Georgia total cost! $617,822,928. iHarticb. On Wednesday last, at Busbwood, the ' residence of the bride’s father, by the Rev. . Fatlier McGuire of Washington City, lion * LANSING STOUT of Oregon, to Miss SUbiAN C. PLOWDEN of this oounty. Oti Tneaday last, by tbe Rev. Father Cottißg. JANES H. GATTKX to Mrs. AMANDA DAVIS. LI T or T.rTTF.I 7 , 1> EMATKINt/ iu th*- p. ; t os™ || A* Town ”1 March if imr iJten out before the 1* July I**6l adl he wu( to Post Offi e Department ns dead. Ant* h r sir 1. Bu*l-y JuoJ 1, lirrnc# 'Alexander 1. Pm-Ui Henry 1. K*>l: J >U i Crane l,Csw . / v 1 Mi-* SnllfM \ J Burch 'Vaiiani I, Clark O t’ 1. t’h ipe lenr G..u Jl. Tl"-'c u •lam - h 1, I.K*rsev E. J. 1. Eb-i*u Margo-t O 1. Green well Robert W I. Gibbons .Id I. iliggen >( w Harriot A 0 n M A C* 1. Hayden \\‘m *l, 1, Jarl*o M* s. 1, Juries K 11 l t Joy Tgnationa I, Joy John M 1. Kt-lsey 81 , Lurrence Henry ~r J**hi 1. I.*• ri<* / K I, (dun S D I, Morris 1, Maokail Wm G l.lMer \ 1. Rniley Walter of John 1, Rippi-ll M I. Th *ii)p*on B 8 1. Wilkin tou James 1. Wilkinson John I. Waggon er Elijah I. WallaoeG I. o*Klari Juiui I. WM. 1. YATES. V. M. Leonard Town. Md. April 4th I^*sl-—|l. DENT 18TB V. PERSONS neeiliiig ti s. ri o* of • first rate Dextbt *vill d" well t* cn plow Dr. J RANDOLPH WAI.TO\, wuo ua* truda 1 -‘anna hm**elf in tlx- vilUfe of an! Tiiwn. ttflers adtlrci-se.l *• Kim thruUtk the pr-'inpt jittftili *n. 11' t*-rma are cash. I)r, Walton has iind omnideruraUe cxperiaac* in hi. pr-fe*i**n, i. in'deral*- in Hia r.:vl h i inxariaMy given aaf;factiun f.* who iiiivr ••■! him Togixetne uuJirs of tfie Ufft-'tm me idea .*f tre t i!i li;:,* . f ]-. vv. .if a n:\rncAT. dentist, ik io- I >n arg letter, a Idrc**c*i t<* <•: a .;j D, . F*r..aa I‘inkney, F. S N.. is r*(*|--:i.led ; U. ft Navai. \( mrvr. Ann*C*’M' Vf r : . lyod. A,.ril J) DrAßftia: —ft -Jr** m* great pl*ire t*> express tbe confidence 1 o*re m y.nir skill as a Dent id. and to re*- lamemi \ n, .< far ua I ii4v** influence, to the patronage *f thw !’ui*li*-. I have bad an opportunity > f witnei-sing your m-sle of *ncr*tiwn, have n** htdiition in affirming th it it exhibits your thorough koovl- pr f-a-i-m. JIL 1 in, very re.)>#i'trtillv fIHH \.-or ••K.diwiil servant, N INI AN’ riNKNKT. ” >tirge.* 4 IV M N*. I'r. BiNnoi rn Wai.t in, Anoapohs. Aj*ri! 4th, *6\ ‘l. Dis.'ioi.rrio.v of on PART\t:n%nrr. fllllF. <’*-partnership i.rrelofurv e : Mia bris< n A. 4d.r au*! (ieorge II \V.> d ward, tin Jcr the firm aad st ; ° of A. AdVr vV O’, iMs d*r disd\eu •** mttiuai con sent. All parties indebted Lus .%ie reqnest t • '***♦ tli* thrir inilrpi.viije- w t ’. \ A ‘in. vh * is .tMlb Ti7 ‘ ! to r- illert for *ne l.v** linn. GEO H KH. wo A. ADI f R April trd 1861 nAN INt ; pnrel*4se\. the •nl*'’—* r>( n.r late pHrl*ter. Mr. tie . H. •. •Ur "f A Ad!* rSi i >i*-g )<•.* t.. •-Aten** i i puh i • th inks f*<r the very literal p.trr r* 1 -riwj at ta x b ; n t <•,. •leaver, by strict atterif;3ri to )>u-iD<t*>4* and in tarm st eff *rt !• pi* :.<*•. t* r. ill a •**. u.i uani r-t the *me. I can !<*• f<>and at (be old stand. A. API.KB. 1 To^rn. Md. Apri! Itrv 16l tv. YOUNS BLACK HAWK. fillHS I'elehrale*! Htal'ion null stand in | Saint Man a county Hnnng the proaext .sa-.Fi T. scanp will cnnmvx au the Ist *f April and en*l *n the |t of July. IVrm* and pedigree can l* aeen at Le-nard i’ow„ t.r at other public p'are*. BbAf'K HAWK will ataud el the stable* of Mr. J. T. Fenwick IxM-urd Town, every TI’ESDAY. during the eeaaon. (ism lumen ere requested to examine Ibie fine horse before engaging elsewhere. O. W. L. lIUCKf.ER, Prophet >r t Oakville Md. April 4th, 1861 — if. ~ 1801 C.4RPETS , OIL CLnTIIStnd XJTW9B, from NEW YORK AUCTIONS. /T A RPETS from 2* ceoU op. Oil Clothe fmm Si 74 ceule up. While end Mattings, all widths, at very low pnree. (-- coa Mat lings, of didcreut width*. AU*, Druggets, Ruga, door Meta end Flair R'wle, at induced ratm. Hag Carpet*, of nnr own make, at wholesale end retail. A rail enhei ted. JOSEPH VICTORY. So 146 Lexmgbei at., 4 doora west of Howard, * Beitinvore. * April 4th. 1861—Jm. 1 offer for eele or in exchange for Ntf reee, neat: 3000-aerc* of Land, 1a ferme to ouil perebaeere. J. FORREST. April 4th, 18M. for constable. The friends f JOHN ALLEN DAVIS announce him ae a candidate for Coae'able, ta Leonard Town Oitrial. April 4th. 1881. KATIFICATION NOTICE. Walter Th snpeou ) In Circuit Ceof Ibf next friend of Bekwo I St. Msry’e oouoljr dt .oa Thomp*uß j ting a* Couit cf v ** i Faulty, j Rebecca Thnmpeon. j ORDERED by the Omit that tbe Iriß te** report filed in tbri rase be raltied : aud confirmed uuleaa canse to the OBBtIWR W ; show a on or liefore tiie VBtb dayWlfaahjflWL i Provided a copy of tbie order bB fRpMriS in the St. Mary’a Brae oo noro % If three successive weeks hefbre lb SR ffh Monday of May next. Tbe report eta tee diet the land old for $•06^41. By order JAMES T. BLAKI STOKE, CUtk. Ifaroh ?§ih 1801- Sw.