Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, August 15, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated August 15, 1861 Page 2
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SAINT MARTS KACOH iBORAftW TOWIf MD. 1 |] mUISOAT MOBNIWO. AUQ. 15. I®*t ( = —j urn > ~ ( < JM Wmm to tfct WatatoPrtC WbiUt it it evident that the great maa- i sea ul the pplc of the North and Wmt , m bcginanrg to manifest an earnest <hire | for peace, it hwl t ail jutonwhof to ua , that the Waafaingtoa authorities. together , with a great majority of the late Congress, ( should be clamorous for the prosecution of \ the war. The truth is, this war is purely 1 j political in its character, au<i had its origin, ~ not iu the declared desire “to preserve the 1 . Uiiou end perpetuate Republican institu- < tions,” hut lu a purpose far lias justifiable 11 and meritorious. The attempt to rein force and provision Sumter, wheu the i Federal authorities were officially notified • that inch a course would be regarded as a declaration of war against the acceded Stales, and resented accordingly, cannot U justly viewed in any other light, than that of a political mamauvre. The astute Seward understood Northern sentiment too well to have not been aware of the consequences that must follow. He well ( knew that a fight would ensue, and (hat the boom of the first gun fired upon Sum ter would find ita echo in every Northern breast, and be welcomed ns the signal for a general uprising of the Northern people, j Nor did the wily Blair and the acrimoni ous Chase less wisely calculate the effect 1 that would be thus produced upon the , 1 Northern mind. A long acquaintance and 1 intimate association with the people of the 1 North and West, had convinced these 1 ••Ifflpcrites'* that their fanatical adherents , 1 would hail with delight no favorable an op- j 1 portoaity to enlist in a crusade against Southern instilßtions. The mean and J miserly Cameron greeted with infinite sat isfaction the opening of a new field for the 1 accumulation of wealth, whilst Lincoln's 1 1 “Born” was, no doubt, equally delight* d| * at the prosp**ct of being able to add the 1 crowning wreath to an already ve*y con- 1 aider a hie, though overrate*!, military repu- i * tatiou. Wc here have a brief history of |' tfic orig-n of the war and of the objects j 1 that underlie the calamities that have fol- ; lowed. A few daring political tricksters, having their own ends to attain and each j necking hia own political or pecuniary ad- I vaacement, have plunged us into a strife 1 from which nothing but the wisdom and. _ firmness of the people can extricate us. And wheriu lies the remedy ? Let the masses of the North and West renounce 1 their allegiance to past political leaders and make a firm and united demand f*r 1 peace. Interest am*4 prinoiplc alike de mand this course, and by no other can the existing and portending evils be 1 averted. If they entertain honest and 1 conscientious anti-slavery convictions, what better opportunity could bo desired 1 to free themselves from the taint of South ern affiliation ? The South desires peace and wifl disband her forces so soon as the Washington Government shall acknowl edge her independence. The war must ultimately result in this, then, why pro bing and multiply the evils consequent upon this civil and unnatural strife ? The perpetuity of the Union, which a few mouths ago the North could have render ed easy, or the reconstruction, which could have been effected by judicious legis lation at any time before the war com menced, ia now not dreamed of by either section of the country. The coercion of the seceded Stale*, if still desirable to the i masses at the North, must now appear to them to be a task they have not the means to accoinplub. Then, why procrastinate the war? Why entail taxation and ruin upon the people, merely to further the schemes and advance the interests of the infamous cabal which rules at Washing- | ton! Why plunge the nation into irre trievable ruin, for the mere gratification | and aggrandisement of a few base and un- * principled demagogues? What boots it to the people of the North and West, | whether Mr. Seward be President—wheth- * er the “irrepressible conflict” of Blair and Chase be maintained —whether Cameron er Scott famous? Will the ac- 1 oompHahiuent of all these projects, if pleasing to the North and West, atone for the brother's blood that has and will be •bed in the unholy warfare in which, j through their instrumentality, the two sections of the county are now engaged ? ' Will it restore the ruined commerce of the North, or reader, again, free and happy the ravaged and desolated hearthstones of the South T Will it remove the insult mud degradation heaped upon the people of Maryland, or lighten the onerous and bur thcnatimrr taxation that this war will en tail upon us and our posterity? Is there any individual in Mainland, or at the North or West, who ia not a fanatic, that will dare answer affirmatively ? Then le t os have peaoe! Let peace be the watchword of the nation ! Wc warn you. citisena of the North and Weal, to riae up ami do maad that a atop he pal In this war. In struct your representatives in the next Congress to acknowledge the great revo * ■—*■■■? i ■ shjj, ai '■ ■ Wl in .■■■■■ lutionary principle for which yoav fore- ! fathers fought—the right of the governed . to select their wwi f**rm of Government. Let the seceded States go, and allow the 1 people of the remaining slave States fo i decide Jhr themsHlrea whether nr n*t they j I will remain with jdu. If slavery is really so j repugnant to yen. as to brinp this calami-11 toils war upon yosir heads, would it not be far Inrtter that no <4awe Stales remained 1 with you? It is melees now to talk of devotion to the Union and the flag, for . i the Union is already dismembered and the flag now only float* over a remnant of the 1 glorious old HepubKc. The domineering and oppressive [miicy of the North has done ita work, and it ia now useless to i dwell upon, though we may mourn over : the aad deaf ruction of this relict of our ancestors, ft cannot be restored by force, and the only hope is in a distant and pea ceable reconstruction. Then, let the peo ple of Maryland proclaim for peace ! Let us present a firm and united opposition to ibis war! It is true a past offer of mediation bus been spurned by tbe Wash ington authorities, but the time may come and may not be di.'taut, when they will be shorn of a portion of their arrogance under ■ the sobering influences of adversity. TifSjQ may be then taught to lie ten to reason, | and profit by the counsel they once so iu- 1 diguuntly rejected. Lei the people ot ; Maryland be instructed and counsel.d. j, Let no man, who. under the guise of Un ion. would endorse the war policy of Lin- i cola, creep into her councils. Let the; next General Assembly of Maryland be >, composed of staunch, able and fearless I advocates of peace, and the day may come when they can do much service to T the country. We repeat, let the watch-’ 1 word be UK AUK! —-~ i ■ Hon- Henry May We have received a pamphlet copy of the speech of Hon. Henry May. of Haiti- ' more city, on “the oppreHsioti of Mary- ’ land,” delivered in the House of Kepre sent*fives, July 18th, 1801 We have read it attentively before, but couhJ not deny ourselves the pleasure of reading it again. It is a brave and eloquent protest | against the outrages which have been com mitted upon our people by the Washing- , ton Government and reflects the highest J honor upon the head and heart of the gilt- 1 ed statesman, orator and patriot nf Balti more. All honor to Henry May ! the able champion of constitutional Govern ment and the fearless defender of the rights of down-trodden Maryland ! Solitary and almost alone, but uuawed, he met upon the floor of Congress the insolent enemies and oppressors of his State, and the echo of his eloquent voice is now ringing over Maryland, counseling, consoling and in s’ iriting her faithful children wherever it souuds. ■■ ■ —■ ■■ The Hews From the Washington correspondents of our Baltimore exchanges, we learn that serious apprehensions are felt at Washing ton of an early attack upon that city. The Confederates are reported to be between Barryville and Teiialleytowu, north of Washington, 2d.000 strong, and to be advancing iu large numbers in the direc tion of Culpepper Court House. It is thought that the troops at the former place intend crossing into Maryland, with a view of attacking the Capitol at a point where it is supposed to be less strongly fortified than upon the Virginia side of the Potomac. Gen. MeCleunuu is active- • >ly engaged iu strengthening old fortifica-1 lions, and erecting new ones fur the do- | fence of the city. He expresses entire confidence in his ability to defend it against i any farce tbe Confederates can bring against him. From the same source, wc learn that, ( McCleiiuan has determined ta station t ; 000 troops in the counties of Maryland, • : south of Washington. Two thousand are ( reported to have been already sent to Port' I Tobacco, and a largo number to Upper j Marlboro*. The Federal pickets, it is: ! stated, are to extend as far down as Leou ardtown, but, up to present writing, they have not arrived in our village. The Federal lines will extend along the Mary land side of the Potomac, from Washing ton to Ijeonardtown, but not so directly upon the river as to be visible to tbe Con federates. It is also proposed to erect : batteries on the Maryland side of the Po | tomac, probably in anticipation of an iu- I vast on of the Southern portion of the State ;by the Confederates. Fort Washington has ’. been largely reinforced, and additional | works arc being erected on tbe land side for the purpose of strengthening that post, j The Virginians are reported to have erected ' several new and powerful batteries on the Potomac, and It is thought that the naviga i tion of that river will toon be much endan l. 1 gored, if not entirely obstructed. The Oon i federates at Aquia Creek are now reported i j to number 11,000, and, iu tbe State of Vir ginia, 271.000. . j The report that reached here, a few days • since, that Gen. Lyon had been compelled t to surrender, with 7000 men, to tbe Con . federates in Missouri, has not been confirm i f rd. A Inter report states that Lyon has retreated from Springfield, that the : Confederates with a superior force werjj pursuing him. The State Right*' party ‘, have earned the city of Si. Laois, which ha heretofore beeu more decidwtly onion i than any other part of the State, by a Urge * 1 aiajority. It v now considered quite ocr- j 1 tain that Missouri will nltiatateljr feeeede.— i Kentucky has elected a large tmority of 1 Unionists to both branches Leg islature. The town of Hzmpton. ed to have beeu burnt by rates, bat minors prevail was 1 destroyed by order of (Jen. MBer. The legislature of Maryland adjourn ed to reassemble at Frederick on the 17th, and not at Annapolis oa the 20lii of September, as stated in oar*la*4 issue. Ilou. Charles James Faulkner uf Va.. late U. S. Minister to France been, arrested in Washington upon the charge r of treason. j A Contract- ; The organs of President in this State are thanking God riuiul is not like jantqfPjfr^U raysscc, which they represent U giv en over to speedy subjugation and irro trievabrc ruic. This subject is bread and butter, food and raiment for these journals, especially the Baltimore Amer- j inm, the burthen of whose song is, the i horrors, present and prospective, which ' secession has brought upon the utdoyal ■ border States and the previous and man- i ilold blessings which submission has seat- ; tered bmad-east over our own dear old ) commonweal'll. Of the particular blessings j of whieh the people of this State have ! been the recipients since Mr. Lincoln came into office, wc have very freely , and frankly spoken our minds be- I fore and shall say nothing at present, only, from their further continuance, good Lord deliver us. That our heroiq neighbor and sister across the Potomac has been sorely tried by the war which an usurping and despotic Government has forced upon her, wc can readily under stand, but she has never asked nor does she now ask either the sympathy or the support of the “loyal** picas ur the “loy- J al’* people uf Maryland, or Lincoln peo- I pic anywhere. Thu Washington Gov- ! eminent has treated her roughly, and | she hus complained of it in her own | modest way, once at Great Bethel and j more recently at Manama, but her great- j et and loudest complaint is reserved for the second and last “onward march to Richmond!” She knew very well, wc expect, that war—and above all, civil war—was no summer or lute-string business when sbe bravely girded up her loins and threw herself across the path of the despotism of the irrepressible conflict. She has suffered and is suffer ing, but thus far she baa conquered.— Better that war, pestilence and famine should come npon her than that con btitutiunal liberty, which site is main taining, should perish! But the loyal press of Maryland, especially the Ameri can, can see nothing but war in Vir ginia and peace in Maryland. It ap pears to be incapable of looking an inch beyond these. With these people, it is always war and ruin in Virginia and peace and plenty and progress in Mary land. If the loyal American had existed daring the American Revolution, it would have pointed with triumphant pencil to the peaceful and composed condi | tioii of Canada ami grown eloquent over i the horrors which the seceded, nr if it U i preferred, the revolutionary States had brought upon themselves hy their un tilial n final to pay a miserable tax upon tea. It would have demanded— I look at Canada and then at the United Colonies I The former Las remained • faithful to the central Government and *is at peace. The latter have seceded jur rebelled, and sword and fin me and : ruin are their portion. After this fash i ion argued the loyalists of the Ameri can revolution and after this CashionA* ar gue the loyal press of Maryland erence to Virginia and the rebels in the War of Independence knew what war meant and above all what constitutional liberty was worth.— They gave up their homes to the spoil er and betook themselves to the swamps and mountains of their country. With ' unflinching heart and with heroic cour ' age they fought through the seven years’ ■ struggle for independanoe, which was , nothing more or less than a struggle fur i’ the maintenance of their chartered rights. ! And tor independence and their chartered I I rights are Virginia aud the South rtrug i gUng at this moment, and the loyal press . uf our State, especially the American, is . thanking God that Maryland, it, at was ■ Canada in the Revolution, “infamous and 1 * contented." But this is the great mistake . of the hour. Maryland U neither the one | nor the other, and a time must come when i. she will show it. But something two I much of this. Why does not the Ameri . cam, come out and boldly denounce the - 1 American Revolution as s great crime? i [Communicated. Ckaptico Dittrai, August 12th. 61. | To the HommMt, ike Committianrrt of St. Mar ft County :—Six months Eight patrolling, ami the total on the part of a majority f our population, I to leave for one uight their dear wives and j easy beds, induce me to nuke this public j appeal to von. Vigilance is the price of safety. The price is ca?y paid. Yet J some wont pay the price, but glnttotdike, ! they rest in luxurious indolence, and wake j to claim and enjoy the reward of other> 1 unrest. Th**re is, I believe, hardly on<* who in not sensible of the imminence of Difficulty. This Difficulty might involve j us in a calamity to be deeply deplore*! by all, even though we and all our dear ‘me?* 1 might escape. The poorest and humblest widow in the county has both the moral and legal right to protection at the hands j of the commissioners and of each private individual. And yet. they only get their■ elaim from a fee We and Muall minority, the majority sharing like mean induhmt* the rights of feeble wmanhood Thi .district has been patroled fur six mouths byywiypds of from four to >ix. Some repeatedly called on to go, but they refute; and yet they think it very right and prefer that patroling should bo kept up. Yf !go ahead boys; somebody must .do it: bu| really, whenever I sot up iiiakes qiqjcel hnd next day. Kx j|pß|i liiifliiFmake any boily feel bad? _ wbiil go S'i ue don: like to leave h<Sm?|>ecansc their wives arc afraid to **> *•" > n the house. Suppose all the Confederate States acted on this excuse?

| Could not 50 valiant, discrete and cunning soldiers, led on by Horace Grecly, subju j gate the South ? The folly of such ex i cases is evident. The majority uf my * company are four men, who after setting I up late at night have 0* rise early and g* to their toil for th ir daily bread. They have, some of them, no property to pro ! tect. Some have very little, some not * much. But yet, like men with earts in their bodies, they never refuse when call ed. These afford protection to tlu ir own families, and the helpless; and also to the 1 sluggards softly sleeping it* sate beds, the price of the sleepless nightly round of the few. Is this generous, is it manly, is it right ? There is no means to cumpel them to do their duty; and yet it is quasi suicidal for us not to do ours, though they may be jiartieipunts of ihe benefits of our labor, against our will. 1 think such case-loving gents might he and ought to be reached. Cant your Honorable body levy money for the protection and benefit of the county ? If so, do it. The in creased taxes will come out uf those who j ought to he taxed. I would not set up I any night for sl, alone. \et I and my ! squad have been up all hours of the night | from 9 o’clock till day-break during six 1 months, for nothing but in consideration |of our duty. I think that an allowance of 1 5U cts for any five hours or mure of active night patroling, commencing, not sooner than 9 o'clock, tut a reasonable and just compensation. The patrolers will have something to aid in paying the increased taxes, and those who stay at home snooz ing, will got the worth of the extra taxes in safety and sleep. AMICUS JUSTICIAR. ■ ■ Prom the Baltimore Exchange. Dr. E- Johnson and R- H. Alvey, Esq. Among the “State prisoners,” as they are now termed, who have been dragged from their homes, transported from the State, and are now destined to imprison ment in a Northern fortress, there are two whose eases require some special no tice. Dr. Kdward Johnson, of this city, and Richard 11. Alvey, Ksq , uf Hagers town. after having been confined for weeks past in Furt McHenry, have now been sent to suffer further indignities at a point where the hands of their families and friends can no more minister to their wants, and where they cam be no longer cheered by the nynipatluea of a community which comprehends the full extent and character of tbc outrages to which they have been subjected. As no detailed statement of tbc treatment which they have experi enced, at the hands uf the Government hus yet been made public, it is due to them and to the people of this Stale that the facts relating to ilu ir arrest and de tention should Ik; published The records of the Austrian and Turk : sh go. ermneuts ■-mil I disclo e no more w..ntoU and ag i gravated instance of oppression practiced 1 upon innocent and honorable men. We | will Id Dr. Johnson tell his own story, and wc are sure we can vouch for the ac j curacy and truth of bis statement. The j following letter, which he addressed to Gen. Dix on the day of his removed from | Fort McHenry, sets forth, in clear and graphic language, the nature of the out rage which has been done him : : | GUARD HOUSE, ) J *“Suly *J9th, IBGI, j JMaj. Gen. Joh?t A. Dix, “Commanding Department of ML: | “SfR: lam tinkler the necessity of ap i fiealing to you, to release me from con finement, which has already endured twenty-one days, and which 1 must be 1 j pardoned for considering most uuwar i ranted and cruel. I am aware that, in times of public danger, instances of in , dividual wrong are sometimes unavoida ble; but that to which 1 have beeu ex ' posed seems so wanton that the respect r due to your character and position as sures wc you will not permit it to Ik i continued. On Saturday, the Bth inst., ] went, with my son, io the steamer Mar) ' j Washington, to pay a vi.-it to my rela * | live, Mr. Tongue, who resides io Cal ls i vert county, near the Patuxent river 1 s ' spent Sunday at his lionse, and next day I! took tbc same steamer, on ber return trip !to Baltimore, where I have for several 8 i years lived, with my family. I am no) A. aware of ajy circumstances which occurred ). on board, or at any other period of m 3 } ‘ life, to justify suspicion against me. Tin 1 steamer was ordered to stop at this fort, 011 her way, and to my amazement, I -; together with Col. Zarvona. whom I had • nut, before that trip, seen since Uc wa -4 r small hoy, and Messrs. Fitzpatrick ( Higgins and Hebb, neither of whom 1 ; 1 knew, were taken in charge hy a file of I soldiers, and all of us were confined lo- I get her iu the guard house. From that { 1 moment to the present, I have been rigor- J jomdy Confined there without any com- J I fort, but the little my friends have been t 1 allowed to supply me in the way of pro- \ I vi-ion* from them. I have never been < ' permitted to leave it. except for a few 1 minutes al • time, under the tuitl ur- 1 • gent circuin.-laiieea. in custody of an 1 1 armed sentinel. I have, in vain, applied ( to Gen. Banks snd Col. Morris to inform I Ime on what charge I was held. I have 1 offered to waive the piesuioption of inno cence, to which any criminal is entitled. | ( and to assume the burden of accounting 1 . satisfactorily to them, for any moment of 1 iny life to which they would say suspiciuii | ( attached. 1 have told them that I was. 11 and so far as I am informed, am yn, an j 1 officer of tlic Government in tho Custom 1 House—that 1 have a large family, a wife j and nine children—entirely dependent 1 apiMj my labor fur supjn.rt. I have offered | 1 tv parole, or any named security, that I would be forthcoming, to answer any charge whieh might hereafter be preferred 1 against me, but 1113- appeals have brought t me no relief nor the promise of any. The Grand Jury of the Federal court was in session fur a long time after 1113* arrest —found many indict men ts against other i parties—but none against me. I have no reason to suppose that any one had the hardihood to attempt to implicate me in even the suspicion of crime, but I am ! still ignoiuiuiously deprived of my liberty and m3’ faini 13* left to the charity of their ( ; friends. Cd. Morris has intimated to me i that it I would take an oath of allegiance, prepared Ly him, I would be released, as others have been, who were arrested at ( i the game time. But although I have not. and have never had, ami never expect to have, an}* purpose which would he thwart- I *cd by such an oath, my self-respect re bels against any man's right, however 1 ; high hi.s position, to treat me like a guil ,tv or suspected felon. I was arrested without eause. I claim a freeman's righl to be discharged without conditions. I am now’ an uld man, and have never com mitted ur anticipated the commission of an} - crime against the I nited States. At the moment of my arrest, I was esteemed • i worthy to h<dd office under the govern- • i ment. No one can truthfully charge me—l believe no one has falsely charged me—with being recreant, in my Humble i sphere, to public! ur private duty. Under| ; these circumstances, 1 do nut permit my self to doubt that you will forbid my being I incarcerated by the department under | • your control, for refusing to take an oath. ; whieh no one has a right, legally or mo : rally, to require of me. j ‘ Relying confidently on your s *nsc of I justice, and earnestly begging you to give ; my case your early attention, “I am, very respectfully, “Your obedient servant, “Edward Johnson." The account which Mr Ai.vkv gives of l ' his arrest wc derive from his own lips, and , ! it is as follows: 1 “Mr. Alvey wp, f>wr -fire. Weeks j ago. engiged in his office at oight, when a man entered and informed him that he 1 had brought him a communication from ! General Johnson, and at the same time handed him a letter. Mr. Alvey expres sed his surprise that General Johnson should have written to him, and proceeded to read the document. The bearer left the office, and iu a few minutes re-entered with a file of soldiers and arrested Mr. Alvey, with the letter in his hand, eharg- j ing him with holding treasonable cor- i respondencc with the Confederate forces. • . “Mr. Alvey had not even finished read- ; ( ing the letter purporting to come from ' , General Johnson when he was seized, but I he was informed that the despatch had been taken from a messenger, who had ' j , been intercepted iu his passage from Vir t j ginia, and that the Commander of the . | Federal troops had placed it iu the , • hands of one uf his own soldiers, for the f purpose of entrapping Mr. Alvey. The latter has every reason to believe that the | [ letter was a forgery, because he cannot ) suppose that Gen. Johnson ever wrote to j him, and he never has been able to dis . ; cover that any bearer of despatches from s 1 Gen Johnson was really ever arrested. 5 j But. be this as it may, iMr. Alvey avers . | that he has had no communication with |(Geu. Johnson, and that there never has . been the slightest foundation for any charge against him. Notwithstanding ' this, he was seized and haud-cufled, uud .'dragged to Baltimore. It was alleged j that he had fallen into the cowardly trap i that had been set for him; and on this j bald, false pretence be has beeu inu . prisoned for many weeks Not only has | the United States grand jury failed to in diet him, but tbc United States District Attorney lias certified to the Government that the charge against Mr. Alvey can not be sustained. Nevertheless, he has been refused redress or a bearing. He . has beeu subjected to a lengthened con . ; Sncmcnt in a Government fortress here, i and is. now removed to a fort in a distant e State. No well-founded uccuoatiou has . ever been preferred against him, nor u can a y charge whatever be supported . by oue solitary witness. Mr. Alvey is . obnoxious to Mr. Lincoln’s adherents, . and therefore be is subjected to iudiguity ■t and outrage.” J - i Comment on these two case* is unne c ccs?ary. They appeal strongly enough, 1 without any suggestion of ours, to every y 1 man who is a man—tc every citizen 1- who is, by birth or education, an 1- j American. When such wrongs as I fail toinov? a people, it is time to des y pair of the permanency of our institu p turns, and to abandon the thcorv of aelf d • government as a delusion. VVhen the H people of this country can be taught to d tolerate, for a moment, a despotism such y as has consigned Messrs. Johnson and e Alvey to a prison, it surely becomes them •• •*> <** to brno-t themselves a free nation, :. and to resign themselves to sumo s Uc fi d “strong government” as Mr Lincoln * , stems disposed to inaugurate. —*n iwn—im— - • - • • SK&*- ~ —• m - A Pln of Settlement The New Y'rk Journal of C*nmere# puts forward the following plan *f scttlem Jiur To return- to the question *f our interro gator/ WiHlWl knowing or being partic ularly Uiionn to know what wna hu oh* ject in asking ift, we “row devise away by which oar trouble esn be settled without more blool-hcd w:iy, too, which deem fn more politic und humane, tu this wholesale butchery of breiorcii ana kindred, under (he plan of enforcing the laws. It is mi follow*: 1. Let an armistice agreed on be tween the two belligerents for three months. 2. Let the Executives of the two sow ers. by means of Envoys, arrange tor a Convention of delegates from each of the thirty-four States now or lately composing the American Union, —said Convention to be hold at Louisville. Ky.. at Mich date as may be agreed on ; it being understood tint the election and maiding of such dele, gates shall in no way pi* juditje the claims of cither of the h.lliceu*w, in ease the Convention should foil to come to any peaceful arrangement. 8. The business of the Convention should Ik* to devises if practicable, some plan of reunion under a modified constitu tion, such as they may agree up**n. where by all the thirty-four States can co-operate with each other for the common defence against foreitfii invadeis;—for mutual free trade betwemi themselves.—for uniform duties upon imports from foreign countries, —for a common post office and mail sys tem, &'J., &c. 4. If a reconstruction should be fumd impossible, then arrange for a peaceable separation and a pni t-in division of the common property, with reciprocal treaties of amity, commerce, mails. Ac. 5. In case of a reconst action, wc tike it for granted that the individual States, as such, must have more rights and i.a munities than they hive und**r th ■ present Constitution. They must at lea>t be ii dvpi iidelit of each olb r n> to all I.teal ii> slitutions and interests, especially in iho matter of slaverv. At those plants wfo ro the present maeliiuery chafes, there mu-t bo an easing off. so that it may run uiu.o ; smoothly hereafter. G. Tito sam • end might lie unswerei by having two Sectimi.- in each of the tw > Houses of Congress; one to he called tho Northern Section, and the other the South* cm ; and no bilLtu become a law unless concurred in by a majority of each Section of both Houses. This woul I retard leg : - Ration on some subjects, but it would afford the South (which is a decided minority ns compared with the Norlli. and will become j more so from year to year), n guarantee j that their peculiar interests would not be sacrificed to sectional prejudices or fonat?- i eism. Perhaps it might Is? snlfi-icnt to have a Northern and a Southern Section in only one House, leaving the other as it is at present. 7. Whatever plan, either of reconstruc tion or separation, might be adopted by the Convention, shoiil I only lieeonie bind ing upon the Stales, after being ratifid lby three-fourths of the el*. veu Confederates j States and three-fourths of the twenty- I three United States. | K. The suppression of hostilities for three mouths, and the turning of men** thoughts to plans for mutual benefit instead of mutual destruction. would be almost sure o open the eyes of both Motions of the country to the enormous wickedness of the war, on one side or on both, and to result in its speedy termination. This alone would boa great point gained, and would probably lead to a satisfactory ar . rangeinout of the ir.aiu question at uo dis tant day. Tnorm.l! with Forbiox Powers.— The Washington correspondent of the Pbila j delphia Inquirer writes : I telegraphed to you last night that Lord L> ous had laid J before the President a written statement iof the number and names of the vessels ' that had passed the blockade of tlieSouth \ ern ports, with the declaration that Kng | land could not regard as effectual a Mock ' ado conducted in such a manner. I Dw | learn that the French Minister joined with { Lord Lyons in the communication; and i that it was, indeed, a joint paper, iu the ' nature of a protest, on the part of the rep ■ resentatives of France and England, again ft such an ineffectual attempt to blockade the Southern ports. It cannot he denied that j (his matter has now assumed a very grave | aspect. The presence on our coast of a powerful English and French fleet, show* | that these nations are in earnest in the mat ter ; and is in itself an insult that we would not submit to in ordinary times. It is idle to doubt any longer the hostile intentions of these two powers. England sees in the , present distracted condition of the country, j the opportunity she has long waited for. to I humble our national pride ; and the French l Emperor will join hands with her the 1 attempt, for the reasons indicated in a | former letter. The foots contained in the oommunica , i tiun of the English Minister cannot be de nied. The blockade has been notorious ly ineffective and therefore nobloekadeat *l. Gknkral Bkalkkoaro 09 Cakama* Drsgknt. —The Courier tk (httmlu of Monday last contains the following ara graph relative to the Commander o the 1 Southern forces: “The grand-father ofGco. Boawqgwd, Commander of the Sonthara army, waa a (Canadian. His name was Picric Toutaa. and be emigrated to New Orleans from Uatiscen, in the district of Three Kivers. At New Orleans he made n forftnne. and i rapidly acquired considerable itiluww i among the French population of IsMUSt ana. As a reward for his political ***** cas, he obtained for his son an admitMoQ i siou as a cadet inftp the Military Acade my at West Point, The son figures aft I the books under the name of Fitrre 0. > Toutau. In the meantime fie purchased an estate near Now Orleans, which be ! called Beauregard. When his too ob > i tained his commission as an officer in th*> ! army, he east aside the humble name et i j Toutau, adopted the more aristocratic one I I of Do Beauregard, and thenceforth oul*cril jed himself • Pierre Teuton de Beam cgurd ”

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