Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, August 22, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated August 22, 1861 Page 2
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MMTMMirtKMM UDORABD TOWW.MO. • *' ___ * THURSDAY MORMING. AUG. , IHI Maryland PoHtifA The Union, r what m%y be man pro perly termed tear amd taxatfo*, party! hare heM a Convention in Baltimore. anil | nominated Aagiutu W. Bradford, of Behimnni County, for Governor and Bam nd 8. Mffit, of Cecil, f*w Comptroller. The nominees are represented, by th ir party organ!* in tbe Stale, to be men of ability and integrity, and are raid to be | letotal to every principle embodied in the platform upon which they were nomi nated. *1 be termer will be remembered an a Clay, and afterward* a Fillmore, trAiy, whilst the latter, it will be recol lected, was a member of tbe Charleston Convention and an ardent rapporter of Judge Douglas. Of tbe antecedents ofj these gentlemen, however, it is not our purpose to speak, and we merely refer to their past political history to warn our j against this ingenious device of the imimy, that they may not be ensnared or i entrapped by him. A fusion of the Bell, and Douglas interests in the State was. evidently tbe object sought by this party j in making these selections. We hud j hoped that the dsy for party chicanery | and “wire working” had past, and that the supporters of Lincoln in this State, would •' t less! have the honesty to ' make a square fight, and openly avow i their real purpose for entering so earnest- • ly into the coming contest. We had hoped that the question of peace or war i would he freely and fairly discussed, and that the people would he honestly called upon to vote in the matter as their judg ments might dictate. But such seems not to be tbe policy of the Union party in Maryland. Their object is, first to carry the 8 tale by appealing to the political pre judices of the people, and next, to throw it into tbe arms of Black Republicanism. Will the people of Maryland permit this ? Will they stand by and sec their ancient nud tiuM-hom red imtitutions swept away, awl theirliherties destroyed, by the machi nal ions of an infamous and despicable baud of demagogues? Will they suffer themselves to he again placed in a situa- ! tion to he subjected to the ignominy, ! insult and scorn, which, through the in- sirumentality of the . traitorous Hicks, have been recently visited upon them ? Will they forge new chains with which to fetter their limbs and provide new Bastiles for their degradation and incarce ration ? If not, let them amuse and pre- ; pare for the coming struggle .* The avowed i and leading principle of this Union party is to “maintain the Government” by sus- 1 taining the present administration. The administration has made war uppn the i Bouth, and to sustain the administration is j I to endorse the war. The administration ' J has procured the passage of a law levying | i a direct tax of over half a million of dol- 1 1 lam upon the people of Maryland, and this 1 party, in sustaining the administration, I must endorse that law. The adniiniistm- \ tion has heaped insult, oppression and | ■ degradation upon the people of Maryland, | < and. to sustain the administration, this I muat be likewise endorsed. Now, the * question arises, will the people of Mary- f land endorse a party that endorses the | administration ? Will they suffer them- t selves to be longer deluded and humbug ged by the hollow and empty cry of Un- > i in, when that cry has become the watch- j word for despotism awl oppression ? Can ■; it l*e longer denied that Union, war. taxa- | (ion tnd oppi elision have become synoni- | luoua terms, and, that to sustain the one , y>u must likewise sustain the other? , Then, voters of Maryland, rise up in your ] might and crush out this jiarty! Let the , tocsin be sounded, and tbe trumpet's blast 1 , he heard, from the mountain tops and , ( through the vales of Maryland ! Let the j advocates of peace marshal their forces, i ( and prepare to give the death blow to ! these infamous endorsers of the “irrepres- ( si hie conflict !*’ Let the people of Mary- ( land rally to the rescue, that the days of oblo- !. quy and dishonor may pass away with ! | the term of the present Executive I We j haxe all loved the Union. We have*] prised it as an inestimable boon—as a{, blessing—bequeathed us by our forefath- I j era. But it ia new disrupted and there is |, no hope fur its salvation. War canuut re-1, construct, nor taxation and oppression res-1 j tore it. Then, why may we not hare peace? When naught can be accomplish- j cd by war, is not peace desirable? To j this end, Pe anti-cocreiouUts of Maryland j will, in a few days, place candidates in the 1 1 field as opponents of Messrs Bradford and l Maffit. Against these candidates the i charge of secession will be made. It has , already been charged, in advance, that , their object and policy will be to take , Maryland out of the Union, and make her i the theatre of a similar war to that now ; raging in Virginia. This charge ia utter- j i ly false and groundless. Their platform Will he opposition to war ami taxation— | opposition to Black Republicanism—oppo sition to the Hicks awl Lincoln policy of visiting wrong and degradation upon the people of Maryland—and, in advocacy of the right of the people of Maryland to decade for themselves thrir future ds tiny. Con the voters of Maryland hesi tate in their choice between the repre sentatives of these two partiei- ? Will I they vole for WAR, TAXATION and OPPRESSION, or for PEACE? District Meetings- By reference to another column of to day's issue, it will be seen that the Demo . cratio Central Committee of this State j have determined not to organise tbe dem ocratic party tbe coming Fall. They re coiuuiead that the democracy of the Stale support tbe State Rights' candidates for Governor and other .State officers, r.nd in this recommendation the democratic mem bers of the present Legislature fully concur. To this end, it is proposed to hold a county Convention, in Leonard Town, on Tuesday the 3rd of Bcptem ■ her next, and Thursday the 2lMh of Au ! gust is the day designated for holding District .Meetings in tbe various election precincts in the State. The State Rights' voters of this county will, therefore, i meet, at the usual places for holding elec- I tious, on Ihursday next, and select five delegates from each district as representa tives in the County ('(invention, whieh Convention, will elect three delegates to the State Convention to assemble in Bal timore on tbe lUlh of September next. Another Federal Visit On yesterday morning, nlmut sunrise, our Town was favored (?) with aiiotln r Federal visitation. AUut 200 Marino and Sailors, under tbe command of Maj. Reynolds and (’apt, Budd, were lauded from the Sirs. Freeborn, Baltimore and Resolute, and entered (ho Town and made a thorough search of the dwellings and adjacent premises. They told the old tale, about having received direct infor mation that “cannon, rifles and other contraband articles were concealed here.” and stated that information to that effect had been received on yesterday. Tbe search, as heretofore, resulted in dis closing nothing hut the fact, that the Potomac squadion had been, for the secojd time, must egregiuusly humbug ged. The officers and men behaved well, and, after remaining about an hour with us, returned to the steamers and took their departure. We opine, the suggestion of the Washington Slur —“to | keep a close watch upon our people”— has reached (he ears of the Government, j and had something to do with the late j visit. " * W ■■ Union Nominations- The Union parly of Maryland have. met in council, and among other things I have brought forth Mr. Augustus W. j Bradford for Governor. 8. 8. Maffit, , Esq., of Cecil, is another of the gratifying ’ results of this conclave. He has been' brought forth too —for Comptroller. From j the resolutions passed by the Convention, j we see (hat Unionism in Maryland now I means, war upon Virginia and the South ; and a direct tux upon the people of Mary land to support it, to both of which mea- ; sures Messrs. Bradford and Maffit are * fully committed. 81. Mary’s county will ■ give fourteen hundred majority against this ticket. The News- Since the publication of our last issue, ! intelligence has been receive*! confirming the Confederate victory in Missouri, and increasing the Federal loss, which, it is ! now stated, was from 2*loo to 3000 men. j Genls. McCullough and Price were not ! killed, though the report of the death of Gen. Lyon is confirmed. A report is also in circulation, that Gen. Hardee has cut off and captured the Federal forces | in Missouri under Col. Seigel. Seigel commanded Lyon's division, after his death, and was retreating, at the time of his reported capture, with a force, of from 5(M)0 to 7000 men. There is i also a rumor of a fight on the upper Po tomac, in which, it is stated, the Con federates killed, wounded and captured, 1700 of Bank’s command. Two cumpa- I nics of Federal cavalry are reported to have been captured by the Confederates, I whilst engaged in making arrests in the 1 neighborhood of Alexandria. These re ports, however, all need confirmation. ! It now seems to be considered quite cer- ; tain that the Confederates intend crossing ! into Maryland with a view of making a flank movement upon Washington. A 1 large number of men are said to he dai-; ly arriving from the South, and the Con- I federate force near Washington is now rated at a very high figure. The Gov ernment ia evidently either much alarmed or is availing itself of tbe benefit of tbe rumor, fur recruiting purposes. It is re- * ported that Fort Fillmore has been cap tured by the Confederates, with 50(1 Federal troops. A l**at’s crew of six men landed at Mathias' Point on Friday . last, and was fired into by the Ooofede f rates. The men Blunged to the Str. . Resolute, Cmpt. Budd, who reports the r hws of four killed and one mortally i wounded. A skirmish hat alto taken , place at Aquia Creek, whic’; mail ted in , the PucaliouUs' receiving a shot in the . stern, after which the squadron retired. I The news from Eur.jp* is decidedly | favorable to the Confedeiafe cause. The result of the battle at Bull Rum caused j I great excitement among the Americans there, and greatly elated the advocates for the recognition of the Coufdeerate States. The cotton supply is reported to be short, and the { blockade question is exciting much inter* est and concern both iu Loudon and Paris. I It is now thought that s notice of the re- ■ cognition of the Confederate States, and a declaration against the blockade, from both the Govemroeutx of France and En gland . will be shortly received at Wash -1 ingtoo. Lodged in Jail- A likely negro man, about 2 > or 3ft years of age and calling himself GeorgJJ Scriber, was lodged in our county Jail oiri Tuesday last. He was ar-csted t Piney ! Point, in this county, by ('apt. tlray, of i the Federal schooner Bailey, who stated th t the negro, when first arrested, claim ed to be from Virginia. He now says. 1 that he belongs to John A. Burroughs of Charles County, which we presume, from his knowledge of Mr. Burroughs locality and family, to be correct. He anwers the ; exact description of Mr. Burroughs nd vertisement in the Port Tobacco Tina's. ♦ j Disaster to Wheat- We regret to learn, that serious ap prehensions arc entertained by farmers iu this locality, as to the effects of the ;< late rain upon that portion of their wheat crop which is still iu the field. It has j rained hero, almost without intermission, • for two weeks, and it is feared that * wheat, shocked in the field, has been much injured. ———— *•*•■— ■ - Tournament j The Tournament at Point Louie Out. | our readers will rememlicr, comes off, today. Messrs. Heflebower Si Co., have ; | spared no pains or expense in getting up this affair, and we trust their effort may j be crowned with success. [Communicated, j Etl I turn rtf Beacon: — Gentlemen : Al- ' low me to suggest through the columns ,of your paper the names of three gen- i tlemen to represent us in the Senate ami 1 | House of Delegates this Fall. That j | these gentleman will meet with the un-1 1 qualified approbation of the people of, the county I do not doubt. I can at 1 least speak with certainty of tbc senti- ! incut of the people of our district. I j do not think that you can find in the j county three belter men or men to whom | the people will more willingly trust their j interests in the Legislature. I assert ! ’ this advisedly. In my perigrinations I ' through the district, I have talked with I j large numbers of our most intelligent i citizens, and they have all expressed a wish to sec announced for the Senate C.. F. MADDOX, and Col. C. BIL- ; LINOS LEV and Col. B. G. HAR RIS for the House of Delegates That if these gentlemen were allowed to consult their own tastes they would , prefer to remain at home, lame can i * doubt, but known as they arc for their , 1 public spirit and patriotism, I cannot ' doubt they will yield their will to the-' wishes of the people and sacrifice the !■ pleasure for <ur good, 'lo say thatl I I against two of these gentlemen I have ■ i always waged an uncompromising politi- i cal fight is only to assert what is known 1 to all, but iu the present aspect of po liticul affairs, I would like to see the | 1 people come to some harmonious action. I-Let the dead past bury its dead,’’ and • < with hands clasped iu friendship over '< j the grave uf buried political animosities. ! I let ns pledge ourselves to our country's < cause; and as the surest mode of ad-,; vancing a good cause s to use good ma- , terial. let us lake men that we have 1 1 t tried and known, who will shrink from , no responsibility in the cause of right m and justice and who will be able to aid in our defence with their tongues as well as their hands. Believing a sug-; i ; crest ion is all that is required, and,* knowing my inability to do these gi*n-I : tlemen justice. I shall simply subscribe ' myself one of the CHAFTiro INDEPENDENTS. August 20tb 1801. ■- ■ The “Political Prisoners" at Fort Lafay ette. ; i To the Editor of the ,V. JT, Daily „V •cs ; 1 I crave permission to make, through ' the columns of your influential journal, a i | statement of the unparalleled wrongs ; which have been inflicted upon certain | citizens of the State of Maryland, one of whom I am bound, by every obligation. ;to defend and vindicate. I should not in any ordinary case obtrude what some may ; choose to consider individual grievance* upon the public, but iu tbc present in stance the laws and the Constitution have keen tyrannically trampled under foot, and this 1 conceive to be a matter of vital concern to every citizen of this uud every _j other State. Denied all redrew? before the legal tribunals of the land, I believe it to be no les- my duty than my right to 1 make an appeal at the bur of public opin ion. Subjected to a despotism which 1 am powerless to resist, my instincts as an American freeman prompt me at Rost to i i 1 denounce it while the privilege of free speech is still left me. Vou have already informed your readers of the fact that three of th- Police <’on misskmers of Baltimore are o#*W Hose pri ou rs at Fort Ul;iyettf (Me of them is mv father, and on their behalf f desire to Hv before this community a brief state of the circumstances under which • they were arrest d and are uow confined. It is for the people *f New York l* en • dor-e the Nrbtirary proceed n.gs of the j Government and to refuse their sympathy to its victims, if they o please—it is my • duty to sec ibafthe posit-n of those ftr , whom I speak is not luiaunder.-tuod or 1 misrepresented. I On the Ist day of July, at 3 o’clock in the morning, the houses of the Police i Commissioners in Baltimore were sur i rounded by large bodies of troops, an-t I without warrant or form of law those citi | were arrested and carried to Fort Mc ■ Henry. There they remained until the 20ib day of July. During all that peri<*J I they endeavored, iu vain, lo discover thr precise nature of the charges which they supposed the Federal Government design ed to prefer against them. General Banks, who had oidered ih-ir arr*st. ha 1 nothing to allege in jKilliurion of that act hut tlic fact they declined to recognize his right to displace and appoint, at pleasure,

|iht officers of the police force ot Baltimore, this frivolous accusation none has . keen brought against them, and nunc can be suggested or sustained. 1 The Grand Jury uf ihe United States Court, whose members had been selected by u Marshal of Lincoln's own uppoint • uieiil, wis in session at uud some weeks subsequent to the lime. The Commis sioners awaited its action, hut only to learn that the Grand Jury had adjourned with out being able to find any pretext upon which to indict them. Congress was sit ting in Washington, and they sent it a i memorial, selling lorlli iu respectful laii i gnage the outrage perpetrated upon them and asking an investigation; but Congress I treated the application with contempt, i The Government grew weary, apparently, of these persistent and open demands for justice, and on flie 29th of July it order- ' cd all those against whom it could not prepare indictments to be transferred to Fort Lafayette. There they are uow lying, unconvicted and unaccuscd ’ It hits been their mi. fortune to differ with Mr. Lincoln in regard to the policy he is pursuing, and this c institutes then crime. They, together with a large por tion of the people uf this section of tin nation, constitute the minority which is ; op|M>sing, iu all lawful ways, the prosecu- i tiun of a war which they believe to he ne- , cessarily destructive of uur institutions and ruinous to the country, and for this offense they are punished. Any assertion that they have committed or connived at any act which, by any cjnstru-.tion of Un laws, Could be regarded as illegal and still j less as treasonable, is utterly and palpably false. Since liny have Leon confined in Fori ! Lafayette, they have been denied privi leges which are usually cheerfully accord- j ed to the most abandoned felons in the Tombs. I have in vain solicited from the War Department and from General Scott permission to visit my father. He uud the six of his unfortunate companions are I compelled to live together in one small, damp cast'male. They are not allowed to correspond with tluir wives and children, unless the commanding officer, at Fort Hamilton inspects and approves the let ters of both parties; nor arc they even suf fered to receive the daily papers. De prived of the society of llieir fricuds, and 1 cut of from all the familiar intercourse 1 with their families, and from such com munication with the outer work! as a newspaper would afford them, they languid? iu a Government fortress in this harbor, in a situation precisely similar to that of the hapless captives of some Oriental despot. Such are the main facts of the case, which I deem it my duty to 1 iy before ihe |*coplo of this city. If they believe that j the Constitution and the laws have sutii- : ciently provided for the punishment of those who violate them, and that it can ( never be necessary or justifiable to set up a military dictatorship to uphold the one or to enforce the other; if th.y hold that under any syst-m of government, or un der any circumstances whatever, it is un 1 atrocious thing to oppress men for their I opinions, or punish citiz.us because they* arc suspected, then t ey will I trust accord I to the prisoners iu Fo. t Jaifayette their cordial sympathy, ami such aid as it may yet be iu their power lo render them, i For this these sufferers think they have a right to look. Redress they cannot ob-1 taiu. Tby can only continue to assert I their rights, and to denounce the wrougs which have been done them. Having ventured thus inadequately to do this in their behalf, 1 leave the issue with their ' countrymen. * F. K. Howard. Nku Y'ohk, August Id, 1801. i FROM WASHINGTON. j The Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says the Govern ment is at a lose what to do witii the cap tured “rebels;’' especially the privateers- | men, and adds: At least ouc- member of that body is in , favor, us he expresses it, of “discarding! ail squeamish nonsense, and of hanging every rebel found in anus against the Government, whether taken ou the sea or ‘ land.'* Th is is undoubtedly the course that ought to be taken, if the Government regards this matter as simply an “insur rection." This is the view taken of it by President Lincoln; and he too, although he deplores the necessity of such dreadful j measures, is in favor of such a course as will show to the world that we are io ear nest in this matter, and that traitors found ! in arms against the Government must ex pect and levelve a traitor’s doom. But the Secretary of State is in favor of a mild er, and as he thinks, of a wiser course of policy. He admits, that, by the strict rules uf law, the Southern privateersmen i are pirate*, arid to b ’’ig them might Is* justifiable; but he say-, n•’•entity has h-J i as lo disregard former constitutional pro visions. since the commencement of this i j strife In this Instance, the same neees - i sit if would seem lo dictate a relaxaflm of • tin! strict rule of law. If we hang tns* p men, the rebels will hang Mr. Ely. Colo nel Ow-ii'au and Colonel Wilcox: and then w *, in retaliation, will hang Mr. Faulkner and ihb prisoners at Fort Lafayette, ’liius thcre will lie no end to horrors To a vain this, Mr. Seward favors a mote lcni**n* course than li * would under ordinary sireninstances. His opinion has grval weight with the President; but the matter is by no means yet becidcd. Ihe .other members of lie* Cabinet are divided in sentiment on the subject. Mr. \\ ’••lies sides with Mr. Seward, and the Secre . tary -f War holds hlhui! the same views, onlv he objects to any further release of prisoners, as in the ease of Col. Pregram s men. Mr. Bates and Mr. Blair loili go for extreme measures, ngardless of con sequences; and Mr. Smith also entertains i the same views. j It would thus appear that the most ? blood-thirsty and radical members of the Cabinet arc the renegade Southerners. i A Frenchman's Account ok Utah. — A French gentleman, M. Jules Re my. has published in Paris, an account in two volumes., of a journey from Califor -1 tiia to Great Salt Lake City ami n resi dence of some weeks among the Mor | mons lie appears to lsve travelled for scientific purposes, and to satisfy his eu riosity about a people of whom even we 1 Americans know but little. From an exhaustive English review of his work we gather that he was much pleased with the industry rud sobriety of the Mormon population, and needed very little persuasion to join himself to the Society of Latter-Day Saints at Deseret On the subject of Mormon wives, M. i Reiny glv-s -onto curious details;* i “A first wife who should refuse p*r ! minion to her husband to take a second, is condemned by the law, because ln lias not done us Surah cli>i uh n sh gave Hagar to Abraham, and as llaeli -l and Leah did when liny B!■ and Zolplia lu Jacob. Toe husband lias t s p'rtion of ihe house to himself, tin wives live all together, just us is prac tised in the East. The first inn mod en joys a certain ascendency over the others Saints who can afford it live in a separate house from their wives. A third system obtains of each wife having a separate! ; house, and ihe husband bo mis and lodges iin each alternately for twenty-four hours. , The wives must look upon one another a> | si tens, and the children call all, except their own mothers, aunt. They are di-- 1 linguished sometimes by tbeir Chii-tian ' names, a* Mrs. M.iry Angeil, Mrs. Jane j I Angel!, ami so on ; but the president mini- j b rs his, Mrs. \>uog No, 1. Mrs. Young ! No. 2. and so on ; no doubt to assist his : memory. 1 “When a wife has conceived, the husband < is dispensed Irom ail marit d duties towards : her. The Mormons have singularly re duced the Units of relationship wiihin which marriage is foibuhieu among Gliris- , tiuns. Thus one man will wed all tin daughters of ihe same father and mother (Olliers have married-moth.-r ami daughter, j A cutain Watt u.anicd his half-sis-; ter." A c usus taken in 18.”>S, during the | campaign against thr Mormons, delennin- , etl the existence of d,ul7 polygamists in Utah, thus divided : Huklihiulm liav in:* 7 wive* and upwards. 387 llutfhiiiujs Imvinv 5 wive*. 73;, ; HunhuHil-i having 4 wives. 1,100 Husliands having more than 1 wife and ! than 4 1,10(1 Little is, however, to he deduced from these statistics, as the Mormons have b\ no means, as many wives as they would choose, for several reasons: Firt, their want ul means, although sonic do not scruple to marry to make their wives. work. Secondly, from want of women. ■ I hence tluir represented missions to ihD j country ; and, lastly, because it is not, | 1 luckily, every woman who elects to be a Mormon polygamist's wife. Want of Cmfi lenoe la the Cabinet. 1 he N-ew \ ork •Journal uj fj-'mimrrec of. yesterday contains the h i.owing singular ( article, evidently inspired by some of the capitalists who have just voted to aid the ■ Government after tlu ir fashion : President Lincoln's Cahi.vet.—lt must 1 be well known to our readers that neither 1 the capitalists nor the substantial men of either party in this city, or. indeed, in the country at large, have any cunsidera- ’ ble confidence in the ability or integrity of a portion of the present Cabinet at Wash-1 ington; and that there has boon among l Republicans and Democrats alike, always ( excepting tlie contractors and political 1 plunderers, a demand for some changes, \ at the earliest moment compatible with the President*a views of the public interests. ! It was suggested that previous to any ! favorable action upon the recent loan, ! those who expected to assume this finan cial obligation, should pass a vole of “want ! of confidence" in a portion of the Cabinet. ' a ith die hope that the President would bring ' about a speedy nform. But many who favored the re.-ult, were not M illing to ’ seem to take advantage ot the government ! necessities at such a crisis, uni r.he move- ; inent, was, thciefore, j*ostpomd. Now that the loan has been unconditionally Utken, i. would not, perhaps, be expectin'* to much of the President, that he should consider the wishes of those who have stolid so faithfully by the government. a „ ; well h* the outspoken desire of a great part ot the nation, and inaugurate such j changes as the past action of the several > Departments shall seem to indicate as like ly to promote the public Interests. R f MAKKABLK Prediction.—Bishop Elliott, iu a sermon preached nt Savaunali on the Jih of June last, used ihe follow- i jug language, the last sentences of which have proved propht-iic : “And in this very matter o Ur O.kl doe* | *em to have smitten our enemies with iu- ' UKIal bl *“ d “a- Just vlieu tiK f luh. . needed mnnd wn-lom thf'y baro inaugu | rated <i financial -yntmii which init crip . ‘ pie their resource.-.. 1 prhibifory tariff, , umi one which lhy WIU find it dilficuli to . repeal, jut wh**rc a nation needs both f friends and money. i- the very height of • s Wly : and a system f harrowing at a hea .; xy •iiaooant Is s pw beginning far a peo -11 pie boasting of its walrh. and arrogant p about it- resovroes. The commercial men of tho North pen-five this weakness, and I ! therefore it i.-* iu.it tb jy cry out for quick i nicasuroa .uid short war. They know r! they ann**t bear a very long one. And i very soon they will ’• gin to murmur at j any Conmandar-in-f*hicf who desires to • move slowly and sorely, and will either I hurry him into mea.-ures which will insure . his defeat, or force him to yield his mar , j shal's baton into holder, because more ig . I not ant hands.” n | (Iknkral Ikii KKii u:!. —The Richmond , Corrospuudeui ol the Now k**rk 'Tribune, s|teakmg of Uu guerrilla character of the t 6totthr.ru army, thus loiers to ileauro gaiu : lie. more than any other S mth'm gen •, eral, win!* to excel in the handling of i these peculiar eh-im:nU> of Southern troops; a da-hing little Creole, standing thorough ly upon his dignity with at rangers and etjuals, he has the knack of ingratiating himself with the soldiers, by the mingled simplicity, naturalaess ami impetuosity of i his maumr. Ho impresses one rathef as a soldier of action and sagacity, than of great and eompr hensive mind; as a man of thought and intellect he y *cins to be in j ferior to Johnston, but he Mends Smtli -1 ern fire with Northern smartness; his features are mobile ; hi* eye sparkling ; his motions denote n a:i ss activity ; while i his countenance indicates steady co?„p,|_ 1 sure. K rt has the co tines.-, of a Yankee, • and the iiiipul.-ivcm s.- of a Creole, and look* lik- a cro*- h-tween the two. |fo was lucky at Su liter and lucky at Rail Run. If. has the a .vantage of :!iis pres tige of success, an | the little mnn is Iho < idol of mo Soldiers a.id lac hero of die | South. T;ik A (invar or T. A. I? Xki.sov —The ( Indian og;> f I cnii ) iio zette. announcing the arrest of Th s. A. It. N Ison, says; ** Maps coot.umug a careful and accurate delineation of aii me m lUtitaii) passu* in Hast T.-nin ssee, from (Miattaiiooga to Rris tol. were found in ids p ossession. This :is no sctisiitioii item, if is now known to be true. Had he succeeded in passin-r j through Virginia and reaching VVa.-hijs <•- ton, the authorities tb rc would have been : put in possession of a full and accurate | statement of our strong and weak pninU in h ist Tennessee, and every mountain i pass in the Cumberland range would have 1 become known to toott and the Federal j army. His arrest does seem like a time jly interposition of Divine Providence, as : it may yet save East Tennessee from be ing drenched with the blood of our own citizens, and prevent our soil from becom . i ig t eaieua of strife b wceu the North e.u .u i South..q armies. Resin nations ok Fkdkkal OtFicens.— i We are reliably informed that I*o officer* !of the Federal army have resigned within - the last ten days. This action has been I brought about chiefly because of the dis ; satisfaction felt at the manner of General | McClell an*s appointment. Ids extreme ego | tisiu and ridiculously severe measures.— Furthenuore, many ollieers, us well as ; men. have b- conio satisfied that they have 1 been deliberately deceived as to the nature I and purposes of the war, and wish to re tire from service. This the Government r si.-ts It is said tint General Scott keenly feels the rebuke administered to him by the exalted position given to young Me- I Chilian, and that nearly all the officers of the regular army sympathize with the i Lieutenant Genetal, who has been virtu ally d -posed to make way for an almost beardless boy. The troops continue to desert in large uumbcis, upon every avail able Opportunity. A Gknkiul Svstkm or Passports.—- j file fctate department has just issued the j following notice addressed ; ; To oil ic/tom it may concern : j I util further notice, no person will be allowed to go abroad from any part of the I idled Slates without a passport from this Department or countersigned by the J Secretary of State. Nor will any person be allowed to land in the United States without a purport from a Minister or Consul of the United States; or, if a for ; eigner, from his own Government, coun tersigned by such Minister or Consul. lids regulation, however, is not totako i i' s regard to persons coming from abroad, until a reasonable time shall have i elapsed for it U> become known in the ; country from which they may proceed. i Johnson and Johnston.—-There are i or recendy were, no lean than six promil nont Southern men bearing these names. J hey are so often confounded, that the reader will be pleased to have the position ,of each defined. Lieutenant- Colonel Henj. i J. Johnson, of the South Carolina Hamp ton Legion, wk killed in the battle at Hull Uuu. General Albert 8. Johustou. late jot the IT. S. army in Utah, is in command jol the Luiif.idei.ite mmy of the Shenan doah. General Joseph E. Johustou is if °;.aud of the Confederate army of the 1 oluinau. Uencial Jotaistou, late commander of ihe Pacific Depsrtmenf. in Caiiiuiniu, uas crossed overland with a ; party of Secessionists to join the Confede muiarmy in Virginia. In addition are I the United States Senators Johnson, of liasuuii, and Andrew Johnson, of Ten nessee. Garikatt)i a\o this Wa*.—There is no truth in the reports that Garibaldi pro poses to help us out of uur troubles. A I f? n^ e *?f. u here, personally acquainted with Danbaldi and hta sou, received a letter troui the latter a few diays ago, in which 1 the son soys he desired himself to oouic J ou f alH * a in the struggle now going on here fur liberty, but that his j hither objected, un the ground that outs

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