Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, October 31, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated October 31, 1861 Page 1
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TOL. im HMf HARTS KACOM - Yrmonn vftkf tiriHNr tv i.f.kM. 4/am 4 Down. be worifti for a ohertcr ybi ttil oi nwrthfr nnd nn paper be nl iUa i.l*J 9 y tlfopi M W 9 opiIQB Of lire pUnStHOGfII. Term* o Atutx.—Ail per square f r ibe Ant insert!un. ana 25 eU. for t yrary subsequent insertion. Twelve lines! •f leas WMtiteto a square If tbe number ir inacrtinaa be not marked on tbe advor |. ism ant, it will be published until forbid, j and charged accordingly. A liberal de dnalian made to those who advertise by j ibe ydnr. V 44 •mvaoLs in America..! MARYLAND AND THR WAR. Lama or the 9rieui Cokiukndist, j Etc., or rua Loudon Tinas. BatTmolta. Maryland, Sept. 19 There bas been a considerable outcry in tbe North in reference to the oieaus I whereby several States have been what j b called **forced out of the Union.” Bat j is not in be aapeeted that in the strug- j gk for States between tbe Confederation and the United States aotue acts should not lie committed by the latter which have very much the look of ‘forcing •hem net to go mt of ibe Union.** The practise of calling things by tbrir right j names, though moially cum mends tie. is socially disagreeable, and. in certain, conditions of affairs, it renders a man liable to be considered as “a nuisance” | by one aide or the other. But I shall ■ proceed, nevertheless, to make some re- j marks on the State of Maryland, based on previous visit before the coup d'etat of 1 veru meat at Washington had ax ■Kcd the legislature. bles in this State may b< with the lawless i O*" Ift mob -always of the vdluntoer r*gi:nnt-* f rnlß l A ton fron! *N*ew York in obedisnee to the President. It is couteu landers that the cast treated as sn ordinary of so many of the clearly with the Confederate | an act which, in peaceful times PPEmt have been dealt with by the tribu- ImM, Marts id an aspect of grave political importance, and indicated such a serious dillM t liot to tbe North, that it afforded the Government, when it waa strong, ruougk. fair grounds for occupying Haiti- i more with troop, overturning the civil | power,, and ruling the Stale by martail! law, which, hewever, they have not, as fat. formally proclaimed. The leading myp in the Slate were un- j *Urtood to be friendly to the South, a I large portion of the press advocated South ern views, and the authorities were actus- i ted by similar opinions. In the name of Stole Eights they received nearly all the sets f * Southern Confederacy as justi- AohSe in tbe abstract, though ‘-hey may hart diaarntad from the expediency of (bsfe ext renter measures Had (be au thorities of Baltimore, however, shown | i ipr and daairiun in pnniabing tbe often-; •left, in banting them out, and in aecur-j lug ikf pease, if the city at once, it would j Lave been difficult for the Ooremmcat to! Lave found any excuse for the manner in which tbejknoted, until eirenmstanees bad | waved (bat it vonld not be safe to leave | Miry food fA c condition which would; have ltd tb Hef dithdrawal from (he Union. I But (bftr measures, if any, were luke-1 Arsrnr. II- sort) not be tolerated (hat tbe j jßtbW Of ft city should be allowed to op-, pmi tAnpaisAge of the' trtiop* summoned i toy fki rmidral to defend tbe Capitol and 1 lO piwißw UiC • fuCrli vwVC^mHlwhv* Tbeaa who permitted Atch proceedings i were so far rasp enaikk for them that if they could not pnniab or prevent them I they pould uot blame the Government for ' MMtbttritioi their want of powur It is DMlbh tbe rre anient promised be woub. ftiinriif Any toors troops through Haiti-1 maro. tott military exigencies are iropera-, ueo/WSen. Srtit. on that pint, must bare bean master of tbe aitaatwwi. Here, ! Mme of those la stances in ! hts (idtrifaw roust he edm-1 M ri brought in ooi.- > neevaailfo* of the federal Thai wbkh could not be ■k of force, kl oTbcte or negoua mrati in; Ibe Llen r Books roJ* Almffi min > pciH* lorn) Goner* bMH Of iUI. alio ad. it ** Mlf* ApnpwEjroHl known to the old po- local reputations. 5* j ' ■ •- .iunua ?• -- , <s r as jmu .%■ 1 I S' i MQI" v HP DEVOTED TO UTERATUBE. NEWS. AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. LEONARD TOWN. MD.. OCTOBER 31. 1861. were substituted for the old police, and proceeded, without either ustiform or the : exhibition of warrant dr authority, to; search bousaa, to arise open parsons and to institute n rigorous system of aurveil laoee extending itself to the colors of children's dresses, and the trimmings of ladies’ gowns, and the neck-lies of paasera- Stoto condom** of the Govern Ornut. and fn a well-written and a ♦cry able report, which was adopted by ■ the large majority of both Houses, de- j ! nonneed the suppression of tbe Police Hoard and ibe usurpation of the civil‘ t P°wer by the militarv as illegal and* un constituiim il. P< rfinps they bad the best | jof the argument, quoad premises and con- | elusion. j On a Vauxhall masquerade night, long j *g°. I heard a controversy between s gen-' [ tleiuan attired as Charles 11. and a per- ■ I son who had, by the exercise of some in , fluencc, obtained the loan -of the Lord ; Mayor*s suit of armor, in which his knight i is dressed—the unmistakable brass habili- 1 i meats of our annual Feast of Chivalry. } The dispute was about a seat in an arbor, I j and the payment of certain moneys for [ | creature comforts; and Charles 11., wise; I nd witty, had succeeded in >h wing Lis j j antagonist be was completely in the wrong ion every point in hypothesis and in fact i when the knight, suddenly lowering his visor, and exclaiming: “Now, then, take I that!” struck out with his left, and, hit-- ting the successful controversialist between j the eyes, wrested victory from his grasp, i and walked away with it. j The satisfaction of being right, no i doubt, is something; but in the present in i stance, there are millions of people in the 1 j United States who will nut give the van- 1 | quikhed of Maryland such a melancholy I ! consolation, lint they persisted in their ; j course. They cried aloud. “Why do ■ you treat us as if we were enemies? We! • are still part of the Union. We are not I out of it.’ 'it which the Government re- j plied, in effect, “We regard you as peo- { pic who would be open enemies if you' could, and who would go out df the Union j if you had the mean?. Hence, McHenry j and Lafayette ! We are (teteftnined not * to let you go out of ihu JJio*,' tl to iv . j vent your passing any resolution to that; effect.*' Some days ago 1 beard that the j members of the Legislature hostile to the j Government would L arrested before the ; ' session opened at Frederick, and on Mon- : 1 day it was announced that twenty-two of j | the most prominent men in tbe State and ! in the city of Baltimore had been taken prisoners on the authority of warrants from ; Washington. Some of those gentlemen probably ex-! ! petted that such would be the case, but { only one or two riacceeded in keeping out of the way. Still. I thought the Lvgisla- I ture would meet, but now I am informed there is no possibility of obtaining a quo ! rum; and it seems probable that other | i members and the officers of both Houses, | j will be taken into enstodj as soon as the j j doors are open. If, in the days of the j ; Irish Parliament, at the time of the Dec- | Uration of Dungannon, the English Gov-j eminent bad. by a sudden coup seized! upon Dublin, arrested Lord Cbarlemout j and his friends, and seised upon ail who! were supposed to be in favor of tbe Vol- j unteers and their principles, including the j officers of tbe two Houses of Parliament, | ; they would have furnished some type of > | the treatment of Maryland, always sup j i posing there ever have been such things j !as State rights. England, however, never f i could have taken such steps, and in those ! i evil days when habeas corpus has been! | suspended, the arrests of 2>tate prisoners! j have always been made upon proper war-1 | rants, duly exhibited to the accused. I It is impossible, I think, to deny that | j the great majority of the landholders and | i of the respectable classes of Maryland are | lin favor of secession principles,' and that j they hale th<* New England States as cor-1 ! dully as the Southerners detest the “Tan- ! j kees.” It is not that (hey are elavehol- { > den so much as that they maintain slave- | ! holding is guaranteed by the Constitution, ■ 1 and that those who attack it are not gen- j | tlewea. Y *ur Marylander is a very high aristocrat. If his ancestors did not come j j come over with Lord Baltimore to escape I raligtuns persecution, they were actuated 5 similar motives. He is generally Calh-! e and Anti-Puritan, as his forefather ! waa two centuries ago. In no part of the ; | Union has slave labor been so profitless— > nowhere will so many men be found ready I to condemn slavery on principle, though it may he legally right. They say. “Wej keep <m our slaves because we eauuot get' rid of them at once. Leave us none, and j the .thing will die eat of itself.” And then they are fund of enlarging on the vulgarity • of Black Kepublieaos and Abolitiouiau,; and the corses of universal suffrage. j To the commercial classes the prosperi- j ty of frew York, attained, as lh;y aver, I by unfair um* <if politics) power, is also a • gficyanoe, Tito anomalies arise out of | an aristocratic sentiment founded on pride. I of birth and extent of puasMS|i?na. fosteM by slavery an 4 aggravated by the uppost-, two of neighboring Stotee on toe one ! hand, and on an ignorant impotence of a I result of repohlicaa Institutions, which, however finexpootod, was perfectly legiti-, mate. A man who holds the Isnds by ' virtue of s charter signed by Lord Balti ; more himself, is as great an aristocrat an j feeling , and reseg|p as keenly the rule of : the maay, as Ihgrth be were owngr of. estates Donuwday, and (tot sc ended freto Vivrs. •, Tbeggrtt SMrt^^^^ffiMß^tt HMtiimntola^?a^SnoM of an old cathedral fowu in England ■ struggling against manufactures and { ChartUui. Some considerable towns have sprung up in the State recently, which a.e the rallying prints for the Union men, and which are thorns in the side of , country gentlemen; but, generally tpeak , iug, the majority of tbe people in of ; the counties are opposed to the Goveru ■ meat, and there are few landed proprietors who arc not Southern Eights men. Many families have representatives in the army of the Confederate States, and all the efforts uf the Federalists have not sufficed to prevent intelligence and aid bring sent 1 across tbe Potomac into Virginia, and could not frustrate the attempts of bodies iof armed gentlemen and others, on horse ' and on foot, to join their friends. | It was only the other day I was rpeak | ing to a gentleman who mentioned that he had a large number of relatives in the | Southern army, as if it were a matter of | common notoriety. “And how did they ! get there.” Why, they belonged to a body of cavalry which we have had for many years composed of the young geu ; tlcmcii uf the county to keep down negro , insurrection. They heard one night that the negroes were going to rise, and ap pearances justified the rumor. So they assemble*! and sent in word to the Gener al at Baltimore that they had met, and they would probably require some aid. 11s ordered them at once to disband or to wait till be sent out an officer to ’ make each of them t.ike the oath of alio- ! glance. Deeply offended by this cou-J duet, nenrly all of them rode off, the river that night and joined the euJ my. The women have embraced Bow regardism with tbv greatest devotion, their beauty and grace render them ■ rfnl pronely tilers. . b m;>i‘ hi true that the A care nearly disamied by frequent 'and searches, but if there are not bows. flag#, and roseKes of tbe orthodox criofl forthcoming in profusion wh:never thffi Confederates make their appearance, 1 ann much deceived at tbe ingenuity and zeal | of tbe fair Marylanders. On my tir-l visit j ; to Babimore there was a report that rh<* : South Carolinians bad opened fire > pon Sumter, add the feeling which displayed 1 (self was certainly m i one of r*gr. t. On \ my second visit, on my way from Fortress- Monroe, Baltimore had the air of Warsaw. Pickets at the street corners, patrols in the thoroughfares, camps on tbs hills, sol [ diets cooking in the public places, the pe<- | pie bulleii and angry. The report had I been presented to the Legislature respect- I ing the suppreision of the police, and the | inhabitants were satisfied they had been | very badly used. But from the first there | were sln-ng hoi e& that the “tyranny would I bo ov< rpufct’’ when the Confederates iuva t ded Maryland ; and it must have been a j bitter disappointment—particularly after j the battle of Manassas-—to find there were j no traces of ther deliverers’ footsteps, and ; that their voices were as di.taut as ever. General Scot; s foresight, i:i fact, was I never better exhibited than in the meas i urea be took to secure Maryland at a I time of enormous difficulty. Nutwith | standing all her writhing* and ronvul i sions the State is so firmly manacled ! that nothing short of a victorious ar ; niy’s strength can liberate her. It would i not hare been possible to let Maryland i go. cor can any one, 1 presume, sup : pose that in any contingency the Uui | ted States could ever resign the scat of t their Government, tbe Potomac, and the ! waters of the Chesapeake, to an indepen dent Power. To do that the North | roust be subjugated as thoroughly as she | intends to subjugate the South. But | has the North ever considered that in 'Maryland, where there are many Union 1 men, she it obliged to use the means i which probably will he needed to a i greater extent in the South, and then calmly consider what those means are ? : , There are 10,000 men in and around Baltimore; tbe General, Dix. in reply to certain representation*, has stated that, if tho city fells into the hinds of I (be enemy, he will be forced to lay it in i ashes from his batteries. There are : probably not lea* than 25,000 troops in , uther parts of Mary land. The social and political condition of the State is best estimated by these facts, notorious to the English public. If the North | could but make an equation, and see j whether she has the lurce to act the 1 same part in the Southern States, it it' I not rensonaide to suppose she could any' longer deny that her miessitm is one of conquest ami subjugation, in which ano-i | ecu is not certain, and which it is im possible to p>-rsi*t pcrmum-nily. Con- { , quest way be achieved. By sonic • 1 traordinary effort of military spirit even lau armed occupancy of the seceded Stair* way hr rffirtw for a time. Bat . Whal ik vyw*. of thv (_Vu*til u:iau. uf : of the Federal I

right* of tfa; people, • ; Stales’ rights of '* presenceth,l there is igjwSi?” l * *■ *rion i* the 80.1 th. jjMmi* d°W iifAwkprsdfc Were it da tntm foundation fi.r ike 1 [hypothesis Look at North Crrolina !—1 j Even the ultra Union paper* ridicule the ' j “bogus” or sham member, Mr. Poster, I ■ and bis claims fur stationery, ami the au thorisation which has been issued for the ; creation of one regiment of North Caro ! limans is regarded as a matter of form. j ■; not likely to be of any groat use. If the , i expectations he unfounded, c< urs^ | will the Government pursue ? Acknowl- ; edge their error and agree to a compn - i niise ? They dare not in the present tem per of the people. Aecept the nif*a i<>n, 1 and make a Maryland of every State ?-*- Kreu the wealth and the energy and pop -1 illation of the N<-r:h might well riiriuk ! from the task. But will Bou*h Carolina, i Goorgi*, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tenne i see, be more at the mercy of the United | States in the full development of their programme than Maryland is now? The! j future is full of difficulties, which even ” faith, the evidence of things not seen. \ cannot pretend to solve. It is but a month since I was driving ! through magnificent undulating fields, ; hemmed in by broad belts of forest, and j • heavy with crops of Indian corn and to j 1 bacco. The rough wooden and brick j ; huts huddled together in the neighborhood j of the country seats were peopled by men, i 1 women and children with black faces, but i ! fur which they might have done duty euii !ly for Hungarian or Lithuanian peasah- i i try, attired in uncouth eh.the* and great ; lumbering bouts, ah tiffing and hulking ! fields as if in search of moon- Z., r master, a good, easy, kind BMBBMm a very mm h as '.lie Iri-h HHHH ( ld lime r> gsnK d squatu j> to he made useful, j lit able, who had no bus /■' Aii ,h<;y were t and viho nov he gut rid of without ! yiK-lty which would make ! land. He was perfri tiy labor of whites would ho , but what was he- to do ? whore was he to get even he wanted ? With these seutimenls, be felt bitterly ■ th • insults of the Abolitionists who calhd : ! him a siive driver and a niggor-bnedcT. | !In his cas*, must of the fathers of these j j blacks had been transmitted to him by bis j ancestors, and had lived as families on the | estate for sevt ral generations. To look at | | the fields luxmient with weeds and filled | i with stones, was to be satisfied the system ; of agrtcultuie was patriarchal if the system j jof labor was nut. But, in fact, their con-1 I ditiou was very different from that of the j : -laves on the Southern plantations. The < proprietor of these broad domains is, like j many of the Maryland gentry, a Human ; Catholic, and a priest, belonging to a re- i ligious and educational institution founded 1 by the piety of his forefathers, is engaged 1 to look after the redigious welfare of his J flock, and I saw a full congregation of the ’ I slaves trooping through the meadows to ; chapel, looki ig, in their gay dresses and 1 natural very unlike the beings | who are crib!id up like rabbits in the j . hutches in the Houtb. Then, after service was over, came I | flecks of woolly-headed children of both , sexes to the priest for ezsminstion in the ! j Catechism. The bouses in which they • 1 lived were Isrger and better than the slave ' 1 quarters on most plantations, but Were not ■ ! cleaner or more tidy, and it appeared tu 1 | me as if the inhabitants were a little le< respectful in tbeir demeanor. In the, i name of crinoline, yellow shawls, pink and , I white dresses, wonderful bonnetry and j very quaint booting, bow did the ptoprie- i ; tor afford to turn out such gay nymp* of 1 | Africa? He aid not afford it at all.— j j Grant that home-reared chickens and pigs • paid for some of it. still enough came out ;of his pocket, in addition to feeding and supporting them, to leave very little be-i tween tbeir Übor and positive loss. It was no use to call them early, fur they dawdled about the held* all the more.— j Here, in fact, was a state of things which ; would soon cure itself, if |-it ai m- . j The grater part af the e>r*v*. vndc-d, * was farmed out tu unbent 00 the principle ; ot *me-b df or onr-tbird of the produce in lieu of rtii!, and I suspect that was fart ( the most j r >fitable mode of dealing with j J these w?*-*pread acres. I am as.*-ured I that ih-rc. .-re many estates in Maryland : in the samo condition. It may be imagined j bow their proprietors resent The propagan da which threatens tu ruin tbno utterly, ' ! i*d bow fhi* last blow, dealt at the la g- j | ndature of the Stale hi which thev fieri so I liiaeb pride, is felt by m m as 'tenacious I \ and haughty as any Magyar or Pole- who; j ever lived. If there he any large Union j j d*nmot in Maryland, let it be developed { n* w, or the world will not believe ts* lie! ! xiaienoe. } ■ ■ A poor fellow wbo pawned bis watch, | say* he Yui>rd money wt‘h a ttet. From the London Morning Her aid. MR. KDWIN BOOTH. Time was whew every seas— of Drary Uoe or Covcol Garden prod need its ss piranta to *hc highest honors ?f tbs stage, mat least one Bbylock or Blelisril win j m AH, . 1 j of either house. In those times, 100. It |ia said, that a body of enthusiastic admirers of Edmund Kean offered a systematic and ' 1 persevering opposition to every one who I dared to assume any of the great trage- j diaii’s favorite “parts.” Amongst those! who had courage enough to face this op-' position, and talent enough in some degree 1 jto bear it down, was Mr. Lucius Junius* Brutus Booth, a gentleman whose career. h< w rer, upon our stage was nut a length- ! eu d one, but who gained and retained a very eo isiderable rej utmion • n tie ah r j side of the Atlantic. All but the oldest; play.guers have forgotten e . onts which ex- 1 led great attention in their time, and the : rivalries that stirred the pit and boxes of those palmier days of the drama are but matter of stage history, j To some who can recollect when the names of Kean and Kemble were the j watchnords of dramatic factions, who arc , i even not ignorant of what and who wire! the “Wolves,” the resuscitation of Mr. j Booth’s name ot the head of the llay mar- ' ket play-bill during the past few days have j ' recalled many pleasant association*. Tab ; ! cut may or may not be hereditary, bill 1 | there can be no question that the world | I attaches an interest to the posM*oors of known names. In Mr. Euwin Booth, i I who appeared last night at the llnymarket , ■as bbylock, and who is the son ot Kean's . . contemporary and rival, the audience no • doubt saw the legitimate successor of a j gifted race —the tiansmitter of the j tion of our stage. Booth, it is known, i imitated the elder Kuan • Kean built h.s ; style, it is said, upan that of (icorge Fred- r inek Gooke. and Oooke bimself acknowl edges that one ol his most successful p r- j , sonalilivs G^ivk.” Mr. b>lwin Booth u an arti-t quite cu- j j pahlo of building bin sdkaeeas uf vu Ul * ! n v.„ ms qnniiiioations f*r th** ! str.gc arc f-r from being jut r*ly K r di j ary. His first enfrance, la.-t night, ;-bowed Lt yond a doubt that ho was no slovenly periouatur of the "Jew.” but i ; that he had a conception of character ; and a very b w sentences proved his ca j paeity to carry out his conception. Mr. i Booth is ratht-r above than below the | middle height, baa a good stage figure, { m fine face, capable of great expression, 1 a good eye, and a powerful, rich ’and Ipi jo tic voice. His earlier scenes may j have been a little too impressively work ;ed out. with a lack of the sarcasm, | lay-| j lul though bitter, with which bh)lock j i-utrups his victim ; but there was char j actor and meaning in every word. In j the turn to Antonio, “Hot you, fair, j good, B'ignor,” the under-currect of | meaning was admirably indicated, and j the account of Jacob's expedient with j iho ewes, was delivered with an uuc * tion and a slight touch of humor that . gave it 'additional point. The well known speech. “Signor Au ! touio, many a time and oft.” was de livered with the fullest expression—in short, the whole of the t-ci lie showed that no crude or iucapable actor was be fore the public. In the scene with Tu j hal, where £>hyio(k receives alternately j uews of his daughter’s elopement aud of 1 thr misfortune of Antonio, the tratuitious j were marked with force and dircrimiua jtion, although Ws ; ment w .uiu uave been desirable. Tbc , whole of the trial scene was most care fully and euccvMifully gone through, uot a word or shade <f meaning were lost; j and whilst the full force of the various t situation was given, there were some 1 remarkably tine touches of expression, such as no common artist would have ■ imagined or worked into the part. It cannot be said that Mr. Booth’s i performance was oua of that class ! which electrify an audience .and excite tbeir feelings beyond restraint, hut it j was seurihie, powerful, and correct, evincing beyond a doubt a very high degree <*f tragic power and a strong tense of character, aud graced with fine and wcll-sustaiued elocution. The appiaasc I excited was genuine, the call at the close of the fourth ju-t a irur expression f •>f public sppiovst. and Mr: Booth’s' rs- f ; ception generally such as w*!d be fair-1 iv accorued by an audience perhspc not ‘ < iiispused'to W easily carried away by I j their feelings, but ready to do justice to a wdl-cxccutcd performance, indicative i of no small amount of dramatic talent Whilst it most bo admitted that (here! i* nut so complete an originality in Mr, j Booth’s performance, or such a wide; departure from the conventionalisms of; the stage as challenges minute or ana lytical evitiefoin, its general effect upon I the audience was decidedly favorable to 1 the actor’s pr etc Damns, and such as will 1 entitle him to a favorable hearing in ; any other great part be may assume. Mrs. i Charles Young, who has joined the com- I pony, appeared 00 tbs occasion as For- Ilia, suu Mr.-iluekstooe himself was tha !•>: Gubbu i • TV Lnudaa Tim" eoufeli i kirf crkci?m on the performance with the fol lowing paragraph: That Mr. Booth will awaken that colt of ndmiratlo*Which approximates to sur prise io wotte he expected, if Shylovk m la ho taken a a sample of hit power*. — Bt an a jodiooo* actor gifted with an o maßonl ?oic. and aw exprasm owunte oapoe which he torso to food account, ka fairly merited the hearty applause with which he was received laet night. AT THE TaBLK.—To IttOft iat the breakfast table father, mother. ; children, all well, ought to be a happi j newt to any heart; it should be a mnree of humble gratitude, and should wake up the warmest fetdinga of our nature. Shame upon the contemptible and hw bred cur. whether parent or child, that can ever come to the I r akfart table, where tho | family have met in health, only to I frown and whine, and growl, and fret. It is pnma facie evidence of a mean, and groveling, and aelfi.-di, and degraded na ture, the churl may have sprung. Nor i* it loss reprehensible |u make suck exhibitions at the tea-table; for before the morning oomea some of the I circle may he stricken with some deadly disease, to gather round that table not again for ev r. Children in good health, if left to themselves at tho table, become, aAer a ; few mouthfuls, garrulous and noisy, but !if within at all reasonable or bearable ; hounds it is better to let them slope; they cat less, because they do not cat so ! rapidly aa if compelled to keep dVnf, while the very exbilamtiou of spirits , quickens the circulation of the vital fluid, i and energizes digestion and assimilation. ■ The extremes of society curiously meet ■in this ngard. The tables of the rich • and the nobles of England are ‘models of ; mirth, wit and bonhununie: it takes hours Ito get through a repast, and they lift ' b>ug. If anybody will look in upon tho j ocgrori* of n wt 11 to-do family in Kentuc ’ ky while af tbrir meals, they cannot bq* :i e impressed with the perf et abandon j-,1 au j mirth; it ’.f they could talk all day long, and 'ivc loi g. It fo! o then, that at the family tabic ail eiiouid meet, and do it habitually, to make a common *intcr change of highbred courtesies, of warm affections, of ebicrir g rnirthfulness, and that generosity of nature which lifts us above the brutes which perith, promo five as these things sre of good diges tion. high health and long life.— JJa/Vt Journal*/ Health, What is in fuk Bxdmcox?—lf two persons arc to occupy a bedroom during ; a night, let them atrp upon weighing scales aa they retire, and then again in the morning, and they will find their actual weight is at least a pound less in the morning. Frequently there will he a lost of two or more ‘‘pounds, .and the average loss throughout the year wall be more than one pound. That ia. during the night there ia a loss of a pound i f matter which baa gone off from tnrir bodies, partly from the lungs and partly t hr.ugh the ppri-n of -ha skin. The eserped materia) is carbonic acid, and decayed animal matter, or poisonous ex halations. This i diffused through the sir in part, and in part absorbed by tho f>ed clothes. If a single ounce of woo) or cotton lx burned in s it wilt so completely saturate tho air with.' Mtiokc that one ran hardly breathe, though ther - ein only be one ounce of foreign r ;iu the air. If au ounce of cotton le turned every half hour during the night, the air will be kept continually saturated with smoke unless there be au \ open door *>r window fl*r it to crco|*c. Now the 16 ounces of smoke, thus formed, is far leas poisonous than tbe 16 ounces of exhalations from thr lungs and and Bodice of the two persons who have lost a p'wincl in weight during tbe eight hours of sleeping, for while -tbe dry smoke is mainly taken into the lungs, tbe damp odors from the body are absorbed both iuto th u .ud into the pores of the whole b 0.,. Need more be said to show ike portance of bating bedrooms wall venti lated sod of thoroughly siring the sheets, coverlids, and mattresses, is the morn ing. before packing them up in the form of a n**sly made bid 7— American* Apr*- Tb £OCT At. I’OM>IHO> Jtk . ■ —'l he Jtru ftl t*j Cjtnaurct publish a ' a private letter from K.culuhich we extract the following impressive state ■ 9 a# IHj'cord. strife, sod enmity pervade *U | ranks of society. They have i counting-room, the social circle, tho fop .t- I ly circle, the school house, sod the church; and where friendship and concord om.n. 1 existed, they have arrayed husband,*, against wife, fotlicr against SOD. against bcuthet. friend against friend, universally is ibis the ease Ijpaghoiit this. Stale at present that the circle where ■ 4u- Slfoonoa does not exist forms an exception tu the general ruU. What will ho tho I result of oil this? Whose or whew h a*U ! end know*. Tf*l,. ulju M ; *av. ulkit up u tvd umet NO 48