Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, November 14, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated November 14, 1861 Page 1
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VOL XVII. MU MARY 9 ! BEACON bvut niciu*T rr J.f.ffiDß. 4 JAMB S. DOfM Tsnsa o fiosscnimo*.—f 1.60 per an mmm, to ks paid within i months. No ■fiiliiiiipliif will be received for n shorter Mrjiij than U months, sad no pop** be Vimihiniirfl until all arrearage* are paid, t eMfHft tke option of the publishers. Tmou on AnvcnnsiMii. —ftl per square fie the first insertion, and ‘25 cts. for wfSty snbee.pvut insertion. Twelve lines Of leas constitute a square If the number •r inanninnn be not marked on the adver tisement, ii will be published until forbid, nud charged accordingly. A liberal do- Oaotion made to those who advertise by the rear OOVERNMEN T. It is sometimes a greet aid to the best understandings to reduce things to their naked signification in plain and common words. Generalities and loose phrases are the masks behind which designing men perpetually coneeal their Istleries of false doctrine. It occurs te us, therefore, aa eminently useful to put into precise and formal language some of the theories of free government ef late asserted and en forced by the Administration. They re quire only to be definitely understood, we are convinced, in order to startle into ro aistanee tens of thousands of our citizen* everywhere, who are now indifferent only because unconscious. A great many per sons have gene mad, we admit, but we still devoutly believe that their insanity, for the most part, is of the curable sort, and that the ours is already begun. K plain presentation of the truth, without phraseological disguise, strikes us as the Most likely mode of entirely restoring their present distorted perceptions. Let ns suppose, for the purpose ia hand, that, instead of having the pretensions of the Government thrust upon us, by force, without choice or alternative, wc were in vited In vets upon them in the shape of *nmlit*tioaal interpretations or amend mums. They would take, substantially end literally, about the following form, via: I The relations of the Pastes of the Union to the General Government shall he that of eonntkes to their representative States. II No State. under any circumstances, •ball have the right to resist any action of the General Government, whether the came be constitutional or unconstitutional; right or wrong. Any such resistance shall be regarded as rebellion, and all rtlntn officers as well as citizens engaging therein, shall be held guilty of treason The President shall have the exclusive right to determine when such rebellion exists, and his proclamation that it does exist shall be held and taken to establish its existence, incontrovertihly. as matter of law, uo matter whether the facts be so or not. The President may he liable to impeachment, if be transgresses bis pow ers in the premises, but no State or citi tcu shall be permitted to act upon the theory of his having transgressed them, notwithstanding the fact be notorious that he has dune so. 111 . Whenever the President shall deter mine, ia his discretion as aforesaid, that a war, s rebellion, or an insurrection exists, he shall have the right to increase the mrmy and navy, forthwith and without the iuterpeaitioe of Congress, to any extent be pleases He shall further have the right to eall out ns many volunteers as he chtWiss end for any term of service be may fnfir. The army and navy, so increased | and sailed owl. he shall have the right to j employ as he pleases, and he may raise, | Wtuw. spend and apply all moneys he | map require or desire for that purpose, j without any previous appropriation by ' grass. IV. Whenever the President, in his discrc tht, shall deem it necessary, be may eonio any citisen or citiaeas whom he dis- 1 likcror suspects, or of whose opinions he disepyfraves. to be arrested, without war rtst, and confined wherever and as long ai lie please*. The parties so arrested tW'fow no right to know of what offen ce*’they are accused, nor shall they be 1 nßswcd a trial, or the proof of witnesses in their exculpation. They n.ay be sent, or fortress ia the country, at the President's pleasure, and he may degv them permission ta read any news pepirs* during their confinement, or to see or torrrspAid with their families, except unit* sfic& conditions and subject to such insfMtlbn or suprirvisisu a* he may direct, lilttl fi secure to ths President the exercise of the powers herkby gristaT. he shell have the right to ■niyswrffie Writ of A oheru turput at plea ewd h authorised to delegate the mm rfiglfi to all military officers under Dl oonunand, who may accordingly re % iwtMjrfwsmm DEVOTED TO LITEHATUKE, NEWS. AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. LEONARD TOWN. MD„ THURSDAY i ! fuse to obey such Writ at their discretion, and may resist, by force, any attempt of the civil authorities to execute it. V- I No citizen shall have the right to j arms except at the pb-naure of the Pre?i-1 ‘ dent, who may cause the Houses of the * people to be broken open and searched, by jany body, at all beurs, with**' warrant ! or prices* p{ any kin*!, snd a’? • found ion the premises to be seized and trans ported to the nearest military station, i All militia laws of the States in cntra i veution of the powers herein granted mav '; be treated us null, bv the President, in '! bi* discretion, and all citizens found with anus, under such laws cr otherwise, shall b liable to arrest and imprisonment, with out warrant, at the President's pleasure. VI. The President may. likewise, in hi? dis cretion. remove all civil or municipal offi ; cent of the several States and appoint anti ’ pay other*, or establish a military povern- I ment, in their stead. Aitv attempt, on i * B* *v * • the part of any Mate authorities or officers j*o superseded to discharge any duties II• n • , I I or exercise or even assert any powers im (l posed or conferred on them by their res | pretive State laws, shall bo punishable bv r , arrest and imprisonment, at tin President's I discretion, in manner prescribed by the I 4lh article aforegoing. *! VII. The Press shall be entirely free, so long | *• it supports the Government. Any un | favorable criticism, however, by any pul i lie journal upon the President, or any ’ member of the Cabinet, or upon the p;>li ty of the Administration for the time be {iug. or the proceedings of Congress, shall i ( be held and taken to be treasonable to th* | country, and the President is hereby cbxh- Icd with full authority to suppress such j j journal, by force, und to arrest smi im-l j prison for un indefinite period, as rebels ,1 and traitors, all persons engaged iu the j publication thereof. The provisions of j this section shall he held particularly to { *PP I JT to all public journals, the editors or j proprietors whereof shall be guilty of ad } vocaiing or suggesting peace, in time of war, aud especially iu time of civil war. VIII. The Postmaster-General, with the au thority of the President may at any time forbid the transmission, through the mail, or by private hand, of any newspaper, pe riodical or pamphlet which he may judge, in hia discretion, to be within the penalties of the last foregoing section, lie may. ■ moreover, open or cause to be opened, at pleasure, any and all letters deposited in any postofficc to bo transmitted by mail. j He may read and destroy, or retain pos session of all letters, at his discretion, and may cause the arrest snd imprisonment of j all parties, who may be shown, bv such | letters, to bo guilty of entertaining or ex | pressing, to their friends or families, anv j opinions which he may judge improper to ■be expressed or entertained. The provi.s --t ions of this article shall be held to apply 1 1 to all telegrams likewise, and the same 1 1 may be at any time, seized accordingly. IX There shall bo entire freedom of opin-' } ion and speech, so long as the exercise i ! thereof shall not contravene the provisions f the 7lh and Bth of these articles. Any expression of opinion, however, contra vening, or judged by the President to ex ceed the limit* of said provisions, shall be regarded as an overt act of treason, and •hall expose the party to arrejt anc im prisonment according to the terms of said articles. X. ! Should any ease whatsoever arise, not I provided for in these articles, wherein the | President may deem it necessary to exc r- * j ercise any powers not already granted, he i | shall be the sole judge of the existence of j auch nece*Mly, aud ahull hav-, possess, j aud exercise, iu virtue thereof, in his dis ! cretion, all power* whatsoever. Especial ly, he ahull have the right, at any time, to call uponjauy and ail persons to take and *ub-1 scribe any oath or oaths which the Attor ney-General may devise, under penally of arrest and indefinite iiuprLonmeiit as a fore - i said, in case of refusal to swear as he may require. We deliberately assert that there is not one single prerogative couferred upon the Executive hy the provisions thus put into shape, which Mr. Lincoln ha- not claimed and exercised, iu fact or iu principle.— There is not cue, the cxetcise of which , wc arc nut now called upon substantially to ratify under the title of “preserving the Union” and “maintaining the Govern- I ment." We ask our readers to go over the provisions iu question, one by one. and detect, if they can, a single one which is either falsified or exaggerated, or which does nut embody some pretension asserted ■ or put into practice since the 4th of March > Would any man vote, directly, fur a cun > tftiliilkto containing such pro virions, or fur > their being incorporated into the Cmuti ; tutinn we already have? If not. how can r he consent to support them practically by - his countenance, or even hie ii uce ? Let no man be weak enough to think, when he is establishing or confirming a dezpo | lisru, that he is safe from its dangers be -1 Canute, for the present, it is on his side.— |lt in written, that the frogs who prayed : to Jove for a King, had a Stork sent them , | for their pains. It is not v written that i King Stork, when he was hungry, made any distinction between the frogs who bad prayed for him and the frogs who had * p* The Armlet of Europe- In the course of the season just conclu ded a lecture dn ‘-The Armed Forces of Euiope” was delivered at the United Ser vice Institution by Captain Petrie. of her Majesty's Fourteenth B-gimtnt. employed on the Topographical Stuff. The snlj cl is one so full of interest, and so constantly | ■ di'soussed. thst we willingly avail ourselves ;of Captain Petrie s great carefulness and , research for the tm-aua of supplying our ! readers with the information which they would otherwise find it difficulty to obtain at all. or, if it were obtained, it would fail' • to pissestt such a character of authenticity ihs • bviously distinguished the statements which wc now reproduce : ArsTRTA. The war establishment of the Aus-: i trian army, according to flic organiza tion tlist came into force in April, 1860, I is ns follows 309 battalions of infnn | try. j ••**. 11*J; bit) batteries of artillery. 27.- ,170; guns. 1,00b*; 2 rigiuients of eu i gimvrs. 7.46 U ; 6 regiments of pioneers, | 6.858; 24 squadrons train, 1*.204; D> ; companies of sanitary corps, 2.55 U; .-.faff corps, corps of adjutants, ! and general staff, 3,389; total j regular arm}’. 504.211 ; volunteer corps: I organized in 1859, 3' 000; depots and reserve* of all arms. D'3.751 ; gendar j merier. police, veterans. A*., 10.382. . | grand total of forces, 738,344 ; total ■ guns, 1,088. PRUSSIA. I Infantry—Guard, 9 regiment*, 28.674; [ Hue, 72regiments, 229.392: jagar.lOhattal- 1 ions. 10.480; total. 268,546 Cavalry —4B regiments. 86,708 ; n—!l jager and staff orderlies. 902; total. 37,670. Ar tillery — 9 regiments, 41.202; guns 1; ; 228 Pioneers, train. Ac. J 1.071; ; total field troops. 359 479. Depot*# nnd Ersatz troops, 98487; guns, 216 Lundwehr and garrison troop*. Ac., 261.126; grand total of forces, 719,- I 002 ; total guns, 1,444. RUSH A. The army of Russia is so complicated in its organization that there would be | considerable difficulty in making an ex act analysis of it ; but the numbers have ! been ascertained with sufficient accuracy *I to be on the present reduced establish j merit about 850.000. no n. Uf these the active army number* 520.523 men. and 1.160 guns; the rest are composed! ot disciplined Cossacks and irregular troops. I FRANCK. The Infantry consists of 103 regi ments of the line, each having three ao j live battalions and one depot battalion. ■2O battalions of ('baKsturs. 3 regiments 'of 7# mav s. 2 regiment* of foreign in , faiitry, 2 battalions of Afr.em light iufan | try and S regiments of Turcos, or ! Tirailleurs Algenerm. The artillery in j eludes 4 regiments of horse artillery. 1 with 192 guns. 10 regiments of moun ted artillery, with 6* 0 guns, 10 fcatie | rirs of foot, with 60 guns, 1 regiment of pontoonccrs. 6 squadrons train ; giv- ■ i ing a total of 3-8.767 men, 37,954 hor : sea. an 852 gun*. Tbi* is in addition. :to 15,000 men. garrison artillery, ana the depots, artificers, Ac. The total . number of guns that can be brought , into the field, including the Imperial'. Guard, in 942, all of which are of brass and rifled. The Imperial Guard forms a complete corps d’ltrmer in itself. It i* i composed as follows: On" regiment of gendarmerie, one regiment of grenadiers and voltigcurs. one region m of chas seur*. one squadron of gendarmerie-a --: che\a!. rix regiments of cavalry, fifteen batteries of artillery, two companies of punt 'oncers, two companies f engineen*. four companies of train. Its total estab lishment us 38,060 n.en, 13 447 horses, ■ and 90 guns. Ihe ofTh-ial returns or the Ist <f January, iB6O, gave the to . tal number of available men as follows: Troops in France, 398,559; in Algeria, ,83.782; North Italy, 55,281; R<*iuc. i ,£m *4 ; China. 5,403—t0tal under arms 556.994 ; men on conge. 64.471 ; reserve, i 11,017 ; grand total 626.482 i GREAT BRITTAIN. .. Regular troops of all arms, 218.961 ; horses, 30.072; gun*. 366 ; British lo cal and colonial troops, 18.249 ; guns, (248; foreign and colored troops chuflv in India, 218,143; guns, 58: military police in India. 79 264 ; gr.*nd total, nH4.527 : horses. 30,672; gun.®, 672. Of these there arc in the United Kingdom: Infantry—Guar Is, 7 battdions. 6.207; line; 35 battalions. 33 I**s; total. 39,- Cavalry—Life and Horse Guards, 3 rcgiuient*. i. 311 : dragoons Ac., 16

ORMKG. NOVEMBER M. IS6I. regiments, 10,560; total, 11,871. Ar tittery —Horse. 6 batteries, 1.299; guns. 36; field, 23 batteries, 5.060; guns, 138; garrison, 89 batteries, 4,680 ; to- I tal. 10.940 ; guns, 174; Engineers, 2.816; military train. 1.830; hospital corps, 609; oonnwi-sarut staff corps, 300;: grand total of active force, 67.268; 174. Resides there sre the depot, - i ! pots. 24.77'*; cavalry, 9 depots, 396 artillery, 2,975; total d.'poia, 28,141.' R. serves available for the defence of the kingdom in case of war: Ptnsi <nrrs, 14. 1 68 ; militia, 45,000; yeomanry, 16,- (<0 ; IriJi constabulary. 12.393, voiau teers, 140.000 ; total, 228,240. THE SALE OF LOUISIANA. From /hi l.rn ic a .Vc>*cy Mvkft I*j r:. x. A very singular rumor has been in cir culation during the last few dj\s. viz: that France claims for herself tlic free navigation of the Mississippi under the i original Treaty fir the i-ale oi Lotiiriami ’by Fnnrc tc the Unite 1 Siatoa in 1803. In that Treaty, the only articles wo find bearing on the subject are the 7:h and 3th, which we quote below : Artiom. #. As : i.> rrctproc.-llv au ; vantageous to the commerce of Kr.-n.'c- and the United Elates to encourage the com • • • • • O nmmeatjon of both nation.* in the euutr\ ceded by the present treaty, until general arrangements relative to the commerce of both nations may be agreed on. it ha> { been agree.' by the contraciiug parti ■*.* that the French i-htps coming directly from France or any of her colonics, loaded only ; with the produce or manufactures of France and her said colonics; ami the ships f of Spain ruining from Spain or any of her I colonies, loaded nly witli the produce or manufactures of Spain or her colonics, shall be admitted during the apace of i twelve years in tin? port of New (irloans. ■ and in all other legal ports of entry with . iu the ceded territory, in the same man- I tier a* the ships ef the United Staton com ing directly fioni France or Spain or any : i ot their colonies, without being subject to i : any other or greatn duty on merchandize, or any other greater tonnage, than that i i paid by the citizens of the United '.States. Luring the space of time above ' mentioned, no oth* r nation shall have right to the same privileges iu the port?, of the ceded territory. ; "‘Astr *. In future and forever after the expiration of the twelve years, the "lips of France shall be treated on the i tooting of the most favored nations in the port above mentioned.** We know I In* question has boon raised !in France as to whether that country has not acquired, under the treaty above quoted, special privileges as regards free access to the American ports, and it is hy no means impossible that a monarch of so strong a will as Napoleon 111. may yet. ‘in furtherance of the objects which he is * understood to ch-rish, have something to say to the Northern States, even in ret i poet of so old a parchment as that above I quot' d. Ui- Majesty is a great stickier lor the san* .’tv of treaties when they suit, him. j Re fore quilting the subject, we may re- ! mark that it is not ;t ail clear, according to the law of nnrion.*, that the Northern Slates, seeing that th**v do not treat the , seCeeding States as bel igerents but as f rebels, have a right to exclude foreign vessel* from any port of ihe United States, , wbethei in ih.- N *nh or in the South, so' long as those vessel#* abstain from carrying contraband of war. i • / SKrti il OF MVIs M. MASON'. James M. Mwuu is n native of Virgin- . ia. and was born near Washing!* n, N’o vcn.Ler 3. 1.98. He giauu.Ued in 1 SIB. at the I niversiry of iVnnsvlvania. and k oon after comnonccd the study of the law at Wiitfim and Maiy Golb-ge. He was admitted to practice in 1820. aft r a short pruhain u iu The office of Benjamin Watkins Leigh, at Richmond. In 1826 hit? political career commenced with !ii election to the of |) legatc#i. I)e --elining a re- K-cliou to this p#*sition, he was chos#*n a member of the House of Representative!# from the district ronipr-sed of Frederick and Slonandoah counties, and in 1847 was elected by the Virginia Legislature* to the United States Senate— u position to wlii’h bo had been rucceg-, sively elected every t#Tui since, and was ; to hold until next year. On the breaking out of the present difficulties, he took a prominent part in tlo ir development, and wo* chosen to the Uonfedcrale Uongp-ss troiM the Eighth L'istrict of Virginia. During his term uf office in the Uui’ed Stales Senate, he was Chairman of th** Committee on Foreign Affairs, and was thoroughly post d on all matters connected with our foreign relation*. i i KKETCII Of JOHN .SLIDELL. John Slidell is & native of New York State, whore he wai# born about the vear 1793. G iing to New Orleans "to seek his fortune,” he w* e enabled, with the education which he hud previously re ceived, to rise rapidly in bis legal b'udics and ww admitted noon after. HD first public position w*> that of United St it. *• District Attorney at New Orleans, to which position he waa appointed by ' President (General) Jackson. He was | elected frequently to the State Logtsla j tare, and while a member of Congrew waa appointed Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary to Mexico, as a last means of averting the war which I was just then on the eve of breaking out j with that country. His mi.ston, it is al most needless to state, was fruitless. Senator Slidell was an ardent partisan of the Americanization project for the ab*orp tion <>f the Spanish, Mexican and Indians races by the Anglo Saxon, and partially ’ for tlii> reason was appointed by Presi dent Pierce United States Minister to Cen tral America. He subsequently succeeded Soule in the Senate, when the latter was appointed Minister t Madrid, and held 1 that jio-iti..n when Louisiana seceded. He \v:#> offered flic ministership to Paris by DucLaUuC, but declined. I Grv. Pat trusov. The Rev. Mr Smith Chaplain of CVI. Butterfield’* regi ment, in a meeting at Utica, Wednesday I evening, made tin* following statement in regard t Gen. Patterson : Having acted us chaplain of Col. I'u.tcrficld’s regiment during the three month* campaign, h- was aide to speak uiidn standing!; of mi tain military opera tions. and |-irtleularlv of sbu movements of Gm Patterson !■> \vh"-e column flit* i 2*h logiincrit i Co! Butter:!# M) was at *iebcd. Mr. Smith said that Patterson \f ts tiii'icUu to do one of three things; either to attack the Confederate Gen. Johnston, at Winchester, or. if he was not strong enough to attack him, to t least keep ii< •heek and prevent him from join ing lb .iuregard; or. in case Johnston ga%e I him the slip, to fellow him to Manassas and attack that position in the rear. But G*n. Piitt. rsmi sai<l he did not wish to shed Mood; he conducted the war on peace principles. Gel. Butin field was I then acting as Brigadier-Gnmal and up | pealed to Patterson, time after time, to 1 be allowed, with bis single brigade, to at tack Johnston in his entrenchment!. But Patterson steadly refused. When pick | cts bought intelligence that Johnston bad left Winchester, and was in full march to join Beauregard, Patterson discredited i the ttnry. and resisted ail entreati<**i ot i officers and men to follow. Instead of that he made a night march of twenty mile* in the opposite direction, and thus kept his 30.000 men out of hatuis way until the bloody disaster of Bull Run, which he might have airehted, fell like a pall upon the country. The speaker said there whs but one opinion of fTn. Patterson among the soldiers of hi- division. That was that he was a traitor. He had heard the Rhode Island regiment call him a traitor to his faeo, and hiss and groan, and hoot him back to bis tent. Mr. S. said that Patterson left hi* command at midnight, and intimated veiy strongly that if he had remain#*#] much longer In* would have been in danger of aMsa-sinatiou from hi* own men. j Home Line.—lf home lift* is veil or-: • dered, the children having, according to J ag*\ work-time, play-lime, ; "*oks. games, j ami household svn.pathiep, b* y will love ] it. ami find pleasuie there. Giv* hr little onc-.s s!*it* v and pencil#:, and encourage thuir Httempts to make pic tures. Drawing w ill amuse them when iioi.-y plays have bed their zeal, or are un- Seasuiiuble; and the art will L*‘ useful to 'thm in after life. Have their, read to (each otlnr Ftori.s and paragraphic of your ; select; tt, and nave fonoj' things, ami the pl'vr-ant one? you see in papers and bo**ki, rvad them at yeur leisure You eanuot imagine how it will bind them to you. But choose well for them; for the impicarious made upon thrir minds now will hist .when the bills crumble. Have them sing together, and sing with them, teaching songs and hymns L#*t them sing all day like birds—at :41 pro . per times. Have them mutually inter ested iu the srinn* things, amusements, and occupations; having specified limes for each, so that thrir habits will be #>rJerly. L**t tbciu work together in the garden— boys and gii is both t.e *i out of door work; ; while the parents* eve direct and syoipa- i thize, and *.h< loud Voices bieud in the iorir.g acvuiu. American Ministers to leading Fan- i kion Uoi ktb:— Charles F. Adatna, Mam England. William L. Dayton. N. J. France. Cassius M. Clay. Ky. Russia. I’arl Sh *rz. Wis. Spin. James E Harvey, S C. Portugal. H. S Saudf-rd, Conn. Rriginm. James 8 Pike, Me. Netherlands. Bradford It. Wood, N. Y. Denmark. J-C#)bS Huldetnau, pa. Bwed A Norway. Norman R. Judd, 111. Prussia. Annin Burlingame, Mass. Austria. E-ward Joy Morris, Pa. Turkey. George G Fogg, N. H Switzerland. Georg# I* Marsh, Ver'l Sardinia. Rufus King. Wis. Rome. Thomas Corwin, Ohio Mexieo. A B. Dickinson, N. Y. Nicaragua. Elisha Cn>ty, Cal Guatemala 1 Allen A. Barton, Ky. New Grainia IJ. Walton Wtbb, N. Y. Brasil. Jacob M Palmer, Pa. Arsen Una, Cqb. Tbotuaa H. Nelson, Ohio Chut • D. K. Carter. Okfo 80Km... Cbarlea Waabburno, Oil. Pmmn Henry T. Blow, Met Ycuesaeln. Cbarlea M. Riotte. TaeGueta Rm*. Christopher Robin***!. Porm!_ mm- Timc Leaders in the Two Arm tee Below we give a table showing tbe yearn ,in which some of the most prominent military chieftains on both sides graduated at West Point, nod the position in which they stood in tboir various classes : FEDERAL AKM V. Poa/'fl’m I Gnniiiiifi <7. in Clast General McClellan, 184*2 i> W. T Sherman, 1840 6 Irvin McDowell, 1838 IT. W. She rman, I*3o IS Charles L. Stewart, 1840 1 Ahner Doubleday, 184*2 26 General Reynolds, 1843 10 Samuel P. Hintz Iman, 1826 17 Henry W. Beuham, JS37 1 Isaac J. Slevtua, IS3O 1 General Rosecraus, 1812 f John G. Foster. 1846 4 CONFEDERATE ARMY. Jeff Davis, I*2S 23 Joseph F Johnson, 1820 10 Albert s Johiifou, 18*26 K General Lee, 182*1 16 P. ii. T. Benungard. 1838 2 G. W. Smith, 1812 8 Mansfield Lovell, __ 1*42 ft Humphrey Marshall, 1832 • 42 W. J. Hardee, I*3* 2* Braxton Bragg, JS.7 6 ;S, B Bueklier, 1>44 1J General Vau Dorn - 18)2 T-2 From thr Ft r hHiirttfi Fryuiier, 0-t. 22. Fund for the Mauvtavd Reo:*ent.-- j c* have received a letter enclosing the contribute ns, to the above fund of thrto gentlemen in Danville, Va., to the amount *>f Also h letter from Rente, Ga . fiouj wuich we make the followintr ex tract : “As a native of Maryland, my heart yearns towards her as a child towards its I mother, and my constant prayer is that • she n:y speedily be rtleased from the oj - presaion that now overwhelms her. Thous ands of nohle hearts within her bosom ar ■ only waiting the opportunity to shed thei.* 1 best Wood in defence of the South and th-.i ; Confederacy. Please find enclosed a check j for on the* Planters’ Bank. I wouM i rather, if passible, that it should go to aid th Maryland troops to which my old friend. Major Bradley T. Johnson, is at tached.’’ | To this fir off irn of Maryland, wj i would say. courage ! As one of her own poet* has nid. in the strains whinh we copy in this morning’s issue, “There* life in the Old Land y-t.” Ay*, nud } there is sympathy fr tbs Old Land throughout tjc whole glorious Southern j Confederacy. ! | Personal Appearance of tub Czar. • An American who has just ban presented I uf the Russian Court dorihed the Cur ; i of ••tali ligure, perfectly formed, and db. tinguished by as nohl-aud martial a Inmr iug as Nicholas 1. Imna.ll could bare boartrd. Fair complexion and sn oval f.ico. set off hy n nrut brown mousUch. A noce not ui-tichbb , * xcepi for its utter freedom from the pug of his grandfather, •he Kiiipcrcr Paul. Hair cropped off close to the head, in the summer st\io adapted hy Frenchmen. A large beaut!- i ful eye of the mildest blue, aa clear and soft a girl’s, yet by no mean* insipid in expression. A pleasant cordial voter, and a manner a* far removed from haugh tiness as from any affection of rondeaveu sion A noble, manly bearing, and ph\- pujuc set eff advantage nisi j by a militarv uniform. Altogether, a handsome, at tractive parsonage, who would'at once pr - posses, although not impressing ouc at first sight .vitli any idea of extraordinary ■ ability.” j - I A Plain Qiw-tiov to Mass .niirarru Men.—Perhaps they r.iJI retort that *■-. ■in Rlmdc Island fmd better keep cor ■ queri'>n at home, and put it to ouravivcs. Nevermind, we’li pot tl. f>r a!’. I<(S the H on. Chj'les Sumner. with h declared views on the subject of southern slavery. jaiAy and rerroseut tl , views of Massachusetts men ou the same Nubjf ci ; If he d*ea not. would it not b. tli a>;( oljosliceD. tfiemselvoK. an act of Cm - cilia to toe South, an act of duty * humanity, if they w,. a ld public],* „d authoritatively state that he no- i ; not *° aud state so most •; emphatically, by electing thia fall to Legislature, men who will pass a v. i. asking Mr Sumner to resign hi* aect m Congr -iA? If they do not elect wwl* uteu wi.i it not be evident beyond dould , that he majority of NaasaohnscUs men i W 6 •— \ l J rt}rxdtu£t NO 16

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