Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, November 14, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated November 14, 1861 Page 2
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smnt Munrt KACON LEONARD town MD.. TFIUMOAY MORNING* NOV. 14. IWH Tb MmrrUd IMIm. Tbe election * Wwlnudiy. the Cth of Noven>r. instnnt, in Maryland, bo fr nt, I<-Ml w ouuitiu pptnM‘t *rr com< rned, is completely and overwhelmingly on the eide of coercion, Mr. HrtJfonl, the *r candidate. has been- elected wo think lh* y call it—by thirty or three hundred thou sand majority. we hare really forgotten which, nor do we care enough to post the matter up. Wc hare no doubt, if the Liu coin Government had so ordered, that this very clever majority, whatever it niay < *• aclly be. could have Ucii augmented to anv extent desired. If, fur ituuncc, the tcl oath system, which was applied in Baltimore City and in a few of the coun ts* where thccontcat wnsdoubiful and - pt cially Other* m-nntor* were to U* elect ed, had been every where adopted— if sol dier* had been plated at every voting pre /eiuct,instead of at fhtea-fourth* of them— if Southern Rights men had been every where nrrean d ami imprisoned for attempt ing to caat •*Democratiu votes,” as the Sun ncwspsj*or admit* to have been tbe case in Baltimore and as certainly was the case in auauy of the*couuties--it would have b*<n •tilt more exclusively a onc-ridvd 1 udness. and the resemblance let ween the Maryland election and tie election in France in ’4* would have been exceedingly complete and j, rfect. As it is. there are very few points | of difference between the two elections, whatever there may be in the results which rc to follow them. Louis Napoleon did ■ not uu affect to W deceived by the elec- , lion which had placid a crown upon his head. He well knew how it bad been , •Tarried and imaotly what it was worth. | Be. therefore, set himself at ouco to con •ulidate the power ha had acquired by vio lance and fraud. He trusted nothing to mere outside show and placed confidence in nothing but his soldiers. Neither does Mr. Lincoln in the case of Maryland. \N ho wver else the Maryland election may do *eit, it doe* not deceive him. He knows Well enough that there lias been no fair expression of the public will of Mary land, and for one he is not to he humbug ged by the great Union triumph. Hi* policy has led him to use the I nioii party. bul he do** not trust k. and he place* his .reliance only ou the bayonets ot hi* sol dier*. Baltimore. for example, by the re e< nt election, is union all over, hut Fort ' McHenry will Uul be WeakoUeil nor will the an trench men Is on Federal Mill he aban- , dtiled. Kvery stratejpetk* jtoint aland the | < , itV will l*e as carefully guarded as it ever j •ras nor will there bo lh ligh*cM relaxation of the Federal grip upon Mary- • land. The Union organs may sing until j ■they sing themselves hoarse over their vie- 1 hrv. but Mr. Lincoln is not to be cntnin- ; cod. He is both a clear-headed and an as- • tute lawyer and cun see as far into a niill- Wtiinc as he who peeks it. lie well knows ’ that when Maryland is fn-e. down giK* the j Union party. He sees cburly that when his support is withdrawn. the I nion ford- , i scattered to the four winds of Heaven. , How much longer he may be able to Indd , the municipal liberties of Maryland in lh** • hollow of bis hand, is of course unknown : to us, but certain it is, when he car. hold . them no lunger, the Union party may order , its winding sheet. r l h*-re is iirv as well as um in the Old Laud yet I { The Hews. The returns fr<Mn the late election show ’ that th*' Unionists have swept the Flute, from the Northern aouflues of Charles to the peaks of the A Mechanics. Bradford has been elected Governor by a majority of 30,000, whilst in the Senate and House •f Delegate* there will Ik? a Union majori ty of Of*, ou joint ballot. The Senate will stand I*2 Unionist* to 9 Democrats, and the House CBto 0. The vote for the Court of Appeals, in this district, h> still in doubt, though the indication* arc that Bowie has been elected, over Ford, by a •mall majority. Brent ha been elected Circuit Judge, over Stone, by a very large majority, hi Anne Arundel county the vote upon tbe State ticket was very close, and. but for the presence of Urge bodies of troops at the polls, and the arrest, on (he morning of the election, of Franklin, F. R. candidate for tbe Senate, there is but little doubt that the county would Lave gone aganist the Union ticket. In Balti tiiuorc city, it i* admitted by the I uiou organs, there waa no fr?e exercise of tbe right of suffrage, and the extraordinary union majority there may be fairly imputed e the wily and unscrupulous machina tion* of the Federal commandant, lien. Dix. Affair* ml Washington, and upon the upper and lower Potomac, remain un changed, and the reputed fight at Ocqua hat not been confirmed by any subse quent intelligence from headquarters or elsewhere. Report* of a “Federal ad vance” mud of n “dectrive engagement” arc still rife, but there is nothing f"sug ui, in the way of preparation, to indicate an early forward meremert. A rurn r >r. | that tbe Army of th ePotomac will go into 1 winter quarter* without risking a pitched battle, sf'ein? to prevail, to some extent, j at the N rth. and. if • stated, that the late visit of Mr. Seward to NVv T**rk was | mode as a “feeler.” and tw prepare the • Northern mind for the probable adaption of such a line of policy. ' There is no farther intelligence from the fight in Western Virginia, other than rumors that the Fed ralsi were preparing to “bag” Floyd’s command by crossing the tjauly river and flanking his position. | The Federal reports exp-resa gr*.at eonti dence in the ability of Reset cruns to main tain a successful 'iefenee but go no furth er, and, we are satisfied from this, that •the Federal* have gained no decline ad ' tuulnge in the late fight. There is mi news, of interest, from For tress Monroe or Kentucky. Federal reports show a lute and very ; considerable fight at Belmont, Missouri, near the Kentucky border. In the first of the fight, according to their own version iof the affair, they “routed the rebels and i • * (, drove them across ihe i iv. r with great loss.” Subsequently however, they slate j t hut the Confederates wire largely rein forced from the Kentucky side. anu com [-ellv-d them to withdraw with a i**s> ( uf f.vm 3 ! U to ,’UU kill-j. and a pro portiomte* nuiiib* rin woumled >nui r.,iv ti ers. 1 hey claim to have deMro\ed the Confederate enmp and baggage, mi<l ?-• (have taken lUO prisoner* in the earlv part f r ' jof the engagement, hut acknowledge that 1 the affair ended disastrously lo llu IVJen.j ' cause. Reports from the great N.ival expedi , tion SV4 multitudinous t nd exciting. In . Washington city, it is stated, reports have , Ik*ch received, through flags of truce, from | Norfolk, and “contrabands” and “deser ters,” that the expedition, liiut f’tr. has ) 1 j been cutaely successful, and hat Doit i Hoyal and Beaufort, S. C., have been captured. It is claimed tluut the forces have all been landed, and marched many miles into the interior of the Ftate. have torn up the railroad between Charleston land Savannah and arc now marching, n* ! double quick, against tbe former and J doomed city. The “rebels”’are report **l to have been driven from the fi*)ts with ■terrible slaughter, two of which were car ‘ rie<l by assault by the veritable “brave that “pick-d up the masked 1 ;i(!t - . lies" in the early part of the ufT;ir at Hull Run. The Baltimore .V an Shut, how- 1 •ever, thinks that these rcj-Kifis s!i*uld le* •received with some grains of ulb^anec. it states, (hat “beyond the n£k*d fact that : the flotilla had made Pori Royal harbor 'and engaged tbe batteries of me Coufcde ' nitcK, nothing is absolutelv known ” I* ° • , i i lurthei shows the utter impossibility oi | report* having reached the Government | through the sources it is claimed they • have been received, and concludes by i stating that no tidings have, as yet, reach ed Baltimore “from any source that is en titled to credit.” | It if; stated that the Rev. R IT. B i Mitchell, a native of Charles and for 1 many years a rod lent of this county. wa* arrested at Klkton, Cecil County, by Federal authority, a few days ago, and was. at last accounts, held as a politi | e:d prisoner at Cambridge. J-'mut the Kntnnulnl I.Jtuumrr. Address of Hon. J C. Breckinridge { TO TilK I K>PI F Of RKNTU KV. • To rut Vfeopi.r. or tky : \ By vur representatives in "ho last Lcg i islature you conferred on mo tin* .commission of Senator in th (Vn ; press of the United Ftafes. In March Inst, vv my term of service be gan. the Union had been dissolved by the ; withdrawal of seven States, which the pol icy of coercion has since increased to twelve States. At that time a majority of the people of Kentucky, still cherished the hope of a peaceful re-union. Soon afterwards, when the Government at j Washington commenced that series of u.sur- K lions which has now left nothing of the •dcral Constitution, and resolved on a war of subjugation against the withdraw | tug Stales to secure union and brother ! hood, you determined to take no part in the war, but to protect your liberties by a i position of armed neutrality. This decis i ion was expressed by • large majority of j the people at the election in May. i 1 had opposed this policy b< fore the j election, but afterward*, in common with I the great mass of those with whom I had acted, I acquiesced in your expressed will. ' aud have maintained it as the fixed alli j tude of Kentucky. In obedience, a* I ) *up|Msc, to yur wi*hes, I preceded to Washington, and at the special session of 1 1 Congress, in July, spoke and voted against the whole war |olicy of the Presid. nl and 1 1 Congress ; demanding, in suldi'ion, for Kentucky, the right to refuse not men ’ : only but money al*otoliic war. f.*r I would ( have blushed to meet you with the eoufes -1 *i4m that 1 had purchased fur you tho ex emptied from the perils of the batilc-ilt ld, and the shame of w;ging war against your j Southern brethren by hiring others to do ’ j the work you shrank from prf u iniug - | During (hat memorable sesssm. a very r ■ small body of Senators ami H.-preseuta i lives, even beneath the shadow ot a uiilt r tury desfsitism, resisted the usnr pat ions 1 of the Ex* eutive, and with wkat degree of \ dignity and firmness, they will witiingiy submit t) tb<’ judgiutnt if the world. I I Th' tr fforts wet' unavailing—yet iV v ( | may prove valu-*Mc her“ift*r n anotlnr added to former **x:inDle of marly pr>- I test. affatiist the pr<'?rite of tyranny, i Oil my return to Kentucky. at Jfie ciw ' '! 'if the late special eesi>>u 'if oii|fr*!>s, it i ~ wnh ivy purpose immediately to res; gn th** I office of Senator The verbal nd written i reimia-trances of many friend* in different | parts >f the State imlnml me to postpone j I the ieculion of my puipuse, Lul the rime im arrived to carry if into effect, ami ae-1 | lonliugly I now hereby r* turn the tro-t i uto your hands. , ’ A:. 1 1 in this connection, since the Gov ’ eminent at Washing! n ha"' thrown a drag net ov;r the whole -urfiee of society, to collect proof against individual* of conncc- Inoii with the Government f the (’onfed**- rste States, and since a portion of th-* 1 Northern press has charged, that certain ' private correspondence, recently seized at ! I’hiladelphia by the Federal authorities . w ill eonlet mo of political crimes, 1 deem i if due to you and to myself to declare that ; I have not done or said anything incoind*- n-nt a th the relations 1 have horn : to th*- i State, and to the Federal Government, or which coaid reflect a stain upon the com mission which 1 now s-r render. I dw uni resign Leca t>e I think I hate j j misrepresented you. On the contrary, I • hi-lievc that my \ ‘tea and sp arches in jh'‘ Senate have expressed your deliberate will •as attested through the lalh#l-bnx. I re- . sign b* cnu*c there is no place err where S iuthern Senator m ij. dt in council with the Srnati-rs of th • N■•rtb. in truth. . 'll -re in it i !o*nf r a S n.ife of the I nited ' "‘trite*, within th • meaning spirit of flu* < Vn-tif :*i *n. The United States no r cxi.-f.** Tin Union i- di—-/lv< t. I*or a tt.ne al ii r the withdrawal ot tin- Southern Strife?*. ..ili'i while tie re was a h •{)■• that tin* 1 rnptnre might he h ahd. it might In assumed that the I. •i Ml Was not yet di.-- ' -a.lved, and each v. is the p *Miioti of i f\-ntuchv in declaring in-r iietitraSitv ni *! off-ring lr.*r mediation between th. contending parties. Util time has now elapsed, and middy Vents have cccitr | rett. which bat isii fr *u. the n.iu-.s ot ren in:*. lle men all expeef.iri*>n of r< -t ring the Union. ('ofiainti has been ti.*i an 1 , lifts failed. The South lia* mustered in * 1 flic field nearly as many eombafants a.s I the North, and has h en lar more vie lo-ious. The fields of Man mi--as an i ■ Bethel, of Springli Id an 1 L xlngton, jhave work**! with a terrible aid >an- I guinnry line the division between the i old Oid r of things an i lie* lew. If is the right of Ken'ncV*’ and li#r ’ peeiliiat duty t* recognize tie .*• grt : friefs ai.'l to act <*n tli-m Tin* -u.isti- , fiilioiinl compact which r*r* am.] a:.l up j held flit* old Union is at r.o •„ 1 .v | large number of the original an) ad ditional parties have withdrawn I *in it So large a numler flint its stipn ntioiis ‘ ea-i no longer be executed, and unde.* 1 :,eb circumstances no court lias ever | decided h contract to be* bin ling between , the remaining panic*, or :itt< mpti*d f.. ' “iif>rcc it*; execution. Th.* Foiwitutiou i n quires positively that each State slnM < have rt len*M one reyrosenGrive in Coil-, cress. lut now twelve States have none; . ’hat each State shall have two Sc; at .*:-. * but now twelve States have none : thru , ’nil duties, imposts and excises shall lie 1 ! uniform il ii.ugliout the Unit 1 Slates. ■ bu: now in more (bun one-third of them i none two or can Vie collected, (huiimeree 1 cannot be regulated between the r*-spee- : liv* Slates. Uniform rules of natural!- • i ziti-m and bankruptcy cannot bo adopt-; cd I‘ost-officfs and post-road*, in ncar 1\ half the States have been given up t and a preference is given to the ports of one State over those of am-tlier. Kven the election of a President ha* become Impossible. The Oonstitution is mamla i torv n all the States' to appoint elec tor*. and rr*jTires a majority of the lat | ter to * ect ; but more th in on.'-third of the States refuse to appoint, and ! htticc no election can he made by the . people. If the election goes to the ; Mouse cf Representative, the ('’oiistitu ‘ ♦.ion najaires that nt least twn-tbird* of th States idiall Ve represented in that; ! body. The U nstituti m ean no longer! ,Ik* amended; for it r- •<; i ; r.*e three-’ fourths of tie* S.ates to comitr, and . more th in one-tliird of the States have withdrawn from the Confederacy. All the safeguards provid'sl fr by th*.* Stat*> in the iiislruni' iit. still further to secure ' i public and personal liberty, have been idotroycl. Tim tlir e departments of ; the F’odeial (j**vorninent which \v<t ■ carefully separated and their boundaries, ‘defined, have been merged into one, j ami the president, sustained by a gn at jarmy. wields unlimited power. • The exemption of persons from agresf • | without judicial warrant, tin* right of a j citizen to have his U*ly hetorc j | judge to determine the legality of his i . imprisonment, the security provided against searches and seizure without warrant or law. the sanctity of the home, i j the trial Gy jury, the freedom of speech ; and of the press —these and every other f precious right which our fathers suppos ed they had locked up in the Conv.itu * tioii have been torn from it and buried i' beneath the heel of military power | j The States made the Constitution, placed , rigid boundaries around that Govern . ; meat, and ex press* ly reserved to tliem • selves all powers not delegated. ’I h<*y' 1 did not delegate to tlr* Federal Govern fj incut the power to destroy them—yet I tbs creature has set its.lf above the I i creator. The atrocious doctrine is an - r non need by th ? I'rcsi’ient and acteci i upon tint t!ie States derive their p-w r [ . from the Federal Government, and may . be suppressed on any pretence of mili -! tary necessity Tht gallant littlr State of Maryland ha* been utterly abolished, r Missouri is engage 1 in a heroic .-Irug- gle to preserve her existence and to - throw n,i the honors of martial law pro claimed by a subordinate military cmn - mauder. Everywhere the civil ha* given . way to the military power. The tor i tresses cf the country are filled with f victims srinril without warrant of law, f* and ignumnt of th tauae of their im> prisoinncut. i Tlo* 1 gislators of an*l oUi<-r public officers are *eil J while in the discharge of oifiriwl duties, taken *M*y.nitl th** limits of th* ir respective ! Stat * and imprisoned in the fort* of the * Fei<*ral <f<iT< rniu<*nt. A subservient ' C'iiier#s rati fees the usurpation* of the President. hih| pioo'tdli to complete the destruction ..f the Constitution History * will declare that me annals >f legi 9 | a . lion do not fMHtjtlti laws so infamous aa ( pr ictwl nt the la<t ses-i*ju. They “weep awa\ every vestige of public and .|w rsoual liberty, while they coufiscate the piMperty of a nation containing ten millions uf p *opb*. In the H-mim; of R*prrsp<itrtivcs il was d cl j red that th* ; SoUtll •uld be reduced to *‘sibjvMt sub mission. .r fSeir institutions be over thrown. In tSe Senate il was *iid that, if ui*ei*s*-ry. th*.; S-mlh shoaid be de populate'! and re-peopled frmu rj*e North. ■ and an eminent Senator expreade 1 a de sire that tb** President l*e mde dic tator. This was sup ifli*u>*. since th?*v

hud : Iready cl/tiled hi u with dictatorial powers. In the midst of these pr* ced ing*, no plea fir the Constitution U listened to in the North : here and there 1 a few heroic voice* arc feebly heard * protesting agiiudt the progresa of ds<- potisin. but for the most part, beyond the inilimry lines, mobs and auarchy rule fbo hour The great mass of the Northern pc c l *-*•••■11 anxious ti sunder every safcgmrd *f I'recfoni; they r ' ig rly offer to th** t. jv r*- incut w'ist :io Ivjiop m monarch w >ul i <l:.rc to demand. The I‘reJi ie it an ! id- G.*n*ra!s ::*■* utiabh* t* pi‘*k up the liber ties oft h p njile :i- tapiily as lin y ar** throwti at tli.-rr f* t. Th- wo.hl will view with a.*n:i/. mi -nt this wu iden and total overthrow of u Constitution winch if resp ited, have b-eu t ie l*oast and safeguard of th- United States for many v'em-ration-. When the iiistoria i ‘-o nes to investigate the e.'Use of ibis result, lie will record the fact that no department of' die I*\ .1 Government has - u\ r exhibi ted a ca.-c of iggressi in by the South ru States upon ih *ii N ifih.ru ass iei ite.. r.n-1 h** will trace the disnieuiboriuaiit t> the i'/m>r inee or di-r *gard upon tin* part o! ot’tm- 1 .Her, of the true prineij les of a eonfeden *\, to lo:ig-Courinu'd and tia o( aiit violations of the (?o:i-tit ition, to avarice, frnti *i>;n and gem'r l evirruptioii. ! Ag..iu>t all I lies-* Usurpations* [ prof c tel in y our name, in the presence of th. U au thor-. m) at tin* seat of their p'W rs I i protested in vain, and never ag iu will I , 111, ef in coUiieil witil iMjrjer*. And imvv. f liow eitiy,**ji‘, I am sun* you ! will j'*i'.|*.n me if I add a few Words; it, r. ferete*.- f<* the couditi>iti of j 1...i S;at< •*. i 'iiv own course. The Uon sti:MTi.tn *<f ■!.■? f.niled States li is been j ■i -li’i\e . and by no act of Kentuelcy- The power -ho lelegateJ in that imitru- I meiit f* t!.* I*'.du il ( jveruiu**uf hoi ves-i le I iu her. and any '‘xereise of power over ’m*r l*v < orer;ii*nt wi-lmut Ii *roouut, ;s ;isiii|nfi >n. In the wreck of th n f *L- j ml svstein. sh.* ( \i<?s nn iuib j' uiieiit eo n nioii wealth, with the right t> cho >s ; her own d vtiuy, Sh .n iv j;n the North.— i ... , , J f one may •*• ue >outli. Cilia may poise lie;*'- ..i h*r o.rn centre, and be m utral i Iu every form by which y n eouid give? tin e.* expression to y ur will, y U drelar- ' ed for iu*uti hty. A large ur'jority of the people. l ibc May and August elec- i lion**, v >f.*.) for tin* neutrality and peace) of Kentm ky. The pr<*ss, the public j speakers, ill** candidates, with exceptions' in fa\o.*ofihe t luverniu 'iit at Washing- 1 'on. so r.o** as not to need iiieuti n, plan- ■ ted themselves o*i this position You: voted for il. and \vi in-ant it. You were promised it an 1 you expected it. The : minority acpiiesed in g*n*l faith, and at j hone* and abroad this was recognized as! the fixed povitior of th* State. It was taken at lh * beginning of hostilities, and i: is hut reasonable to infer that every sub w . ; seipi -nf aet of outrage by the Wa-hiugfon (i i vernmeiit ha> eonfirutud your original | purpose. m Look now at the cmditiun of, Kentucky, and fee ho your expectations j had been realized—bow these promises had been redeemed. First, by tl*; aid of some aitixens of tin* State, arms belonging to tlr' whole people, were illegally snd secretly intro duced by or lor of the President and dis tributed to one class of our people upon the false* pretence that they needed them for protection I'.gain.-t their own t' liow eitix**ns. This was the first violation. Next. Federal military officers began to r emit s ddiei and establish camps in u;ir midst, and Federal money was lavish lv cspMiied, ill the hope to demoralize ami com ipt the people. A studied sys tem of deception wa< practised as long as possible on the people. Tor a time* it was denied that they were Federal camps, ami ‘ ir wa said that they were merely volunta ry assemblies of Kentuckians for their town protection and that of the Slate. These monstrous falsch'wls have since b<*on fr*'*ly exposed. This was the sec ond violation. Previous to these events the State was in a condition of tranquility and peace No indications existed anywhere of inter nal disorder. Hut now the people, bo coining N l nnticd at these proofs of a pur pose to force Kentucky into the war, be gan to a-'S'.n.Mc in gr at mass meetings and to demand loudly th : promised neu trality. The Washington Government, howev r, and it- abettors in Kentucky, supposing thir schemes to be ripe for exeeu’i *n. now resolved to have what they ch.l—i "active Uv -hy ” About this time the Legislature met. mJ the drama th n moved rapidly on. The camps were avowed to fn Federal camp*. The guns whi *h li <d been cUndestincly and illcgal lv inti oduecd w. re now Called out to maintuin “active loyalty.” Federal officers began to sw inn among us. Every appliance of corruption, every allurement of ambition was brought into play. Presenrjy a Federal army was in pos session of large port! >ns of the Slate, and the conspiracy stood fully revealed, wbllf the peojde, wh<*S'- ordy error had been tin ir generous credulity, stood lln*rough ly betrayed. It is known to eit'Zf?ns oi Louisville "f all parties, that just befr r< tr.al 'in-s-titij of t’" iiOgi-latUi u a i ■ her of the V. askicgton cal **nrt. said lo a prominent citizen ut Kentucky that the ; position of the State should not be main i taint'd, that the Gov. rnineut preferred 1 1 hostility to amfrality. and that Kentucky tj must be compelled to support the Kedefll > G overnment in the war. Your wishes. > | feliow-citiicns, ha*i been spurned and you have been thrown into this vortex by the > t G<*vernmeiit at Washington, aided by i ( their Kmtneky yinpnthia.*n. , *i Tne pretended r-aauu f*r the mPifary occupation ol the Slate, founleJ on the > occupation of Columbus by Confederate i tPNips, is nncandid and false. Fur be r sides the fact that the invasion uf Ken tucky was a foregone oiicludoa at ush iugt.iii. and th *t camps of soldiers were uudt-r arms in our midst to invade Ten . iies.-ee. it is noiorious that General (• rant left Cairo to seize Fadueah b?*fre the occnpuiori of Columbus, while in taking the latter place 'h<> Con fed* rate troops n -li Ipated the Fv lor d tr> *p* by lc-s than an hour. Fur further proof af the insiu centy ut the false cla uor about the inva sion from Tennessee, the Confederate com , | mander annoiinee-l lo y*uir authorities .hat he occupied Uomninu-. purely in selt-dc feliec. a'ui s'.e ' l ready at any iii*.m Ut to i with traw >i'uuit;;neou>iy with tut l edcr ui farces. T- say thit the Washington G ivt-i'n nent hid h right to invade the Star-, is't* say that you Ii id no right to h * n a r;.! '.’i t to -U 'ltilt to the invasion ft i4i ap>-. oluch has effaced every Vest;o •ot tin* U mstirntiou, a -aid he to bw in ih du t an I s.inviiier to a sim p!e .1 -Sj) ti**ll* It i- not neeC'SHf to Say itlllCU ah U th L g;s! i f uro A majority of the.ii iu slca iof protc-tii.g ! he ngiiis and piison* of the citi/eiis, have either Tolunt.irily ’ or under duress been engiged in sustain ing th.* usurpations of th : Federal G >r <ruuieltt. ill passing hills of pain - iud pell allies iu terrify a spirited people i ito servitude, in depriving the Govern >r of his j'ist eoiistituUooa! authority an i in ab dicatin'! rii ir share of the Government r? a 1 iv farnrilly inviting a Fed ral m.litary f>rce to take p iB-esM*m of th.* St ite. well knowing as they di i th t this m litaiy fore w uhl supersede the S;ate Government Oi that b >dy nearly oue-fourtli li ivc re tire 1 because ut tin* military occupation ot the State and the s i/. ire. imprisonm ut, pursuit and exile ot many ot tli: m>M . eminent and patriot! ; eitiz**ns ot the St ite by that military tbree. Th? voice of I these members Can no longer he heard in t the eoineiU of the Stale, nor their votes be taken. Tne Legisla'ure is thu, to ) say the least of it. a mutilat 'd depaitment ; of t!c State Government, i It is true tiiat there remains a sufficient 1 i'U nbci* for a quoru'n. but arc* they free? I l-’or when the Federal G y r i*n *nt takes military possession of a State its L'gisia ' ture mu*>t c*iifbrui lo the will of the mili- J tarv chief or bo nppror- 3 jJ, us w ; Inv. recently* S 'OU in the case of Mi*-s*.uri, i whose State Govcrnimui was dispersed j and m ir’ial law proclaimed; and still Sa i fer, in the case of Maryland, when thirty- , eight members of the Legislature wore i ! >eiz *d and impi isoned on the mere suspi cion of intending to legislate at varianc* ; I with the will of the military (• •vernment f We cannot, therefore, know th tt th * pnh- I lie resolution*, or pretended liw< of tin* 1 : two bodies, are the d durations of th ir' j active will, because we have the strongest , ! reason to believe that, if not in accordance ! j with the will of the Government at Wasli f ington. they would meet the fate of the j legislature of Missouri rind Maryland, j ;On the otliT ban 1, we know that these •• resolutions and laws are in contlict mrh : their public pledge, and with the expec tations of the people. ! It is inor* charitable to bli *vo that the ! members at Frankfort, or a majority of ithein, are actuated by a far of military force, rather than by a perverse design t* . violate the will if th*ir co e-ti uents, and ■ degrade the Stale to the condition to which jit is attempted to bring down Misaouri land Maryland. If anything were wanting Ito strengthen this view, it will be found !in attendant events. The resolutions tii-*y j adopted on the St!i of September, ►anc [ tioiiitig tin* enirunec of G• n. Ander*- m's forces, w;*r • ;c • i.ujetnitfd one declai - i ing that no person mkiul i tie touched in his J life, lih.Tiv or property on account of hi> j political opinions. Yet. on the very day. i 1 believe, that these resolutions passed, the agents of the Federal Government seized the printing establishment of the Louisville “Fourier, M the only offence of whose proprietor was, that he criticised with freedom the usurpations of the G v -j ernnient at Washington. At the same lime, ami ever since, citizen* of Kentucky | have been imprisoned or compelled to fly j from their homes and families, against I whom there was no accusation hut of liold ; ing opinions either unfriendly to Mr Lin j coin’s Govcni!u**ut or friendly to neutral!- j ty. It is impHssihle to suppose that a free ‘ I Kentucky L gi-daturc. iu view of recent | proceedings in other States, would hare j turned this State over to the possession of i i a Federal military forca, or betrayed the people by throwing the Slate into the arms •jut Mr. Lincoln, to be used for Southern - subjugation, or consented to thu suppres • J fiou of the press, or suffered, without an - outcry that would have pierced the skies, • the indignities and outrages which have • been inflicted upon the people by Federal . 'soldiers. , j Fellow-citixcns, yon have to do now. r j not with this fragment of a Legislature, t with its treason bills and tax bills, with s its woeful subserviency to every demand I I of the Federal despotism, and its woeful u neglect of every right of the Kentucky s citizen ; but you have to deni with a pow -, cr which respects neither Constitution uor . laws, and which, if successful, win fe ri ducc you to the conditien of prostrate and f j bleeding Maryland. General Anderson, j the military dictator of Kentucky, an nouuocs in one of his proclamations that - he will arrest no one who does not act, 1 write or tptnk in opposition to Mr. Liu* e coin’s Government. It would bawe com n pitted the id** if fee had added, or think - in opposition to it. Look at the cou.Uti m f of our under the mic ot our nea c protestors. They hare suppr*;w>c-i tin - fteeioui *l' apM*oh and f the p? The) , twit** pc jd* by military force np-m ufw .i>p.cita&v*Vtid ftupoet* them onthi ’ - known to tho laws. Other cttiz**n.< limj imprison wHkwm wirrant. nd carry th?ia out of ills Stole. er that fh* writ of h iL *s corpus esnoot ivsdi them. kp— y day forest band* are making •wnnrc# sVwuj* the people. Hu i dreds of < kitdii*. oi l n>d >•. vvnen *M•• magistrates. wW lire* hire be** distinguished *T w ~f l,ltf P ,H> kiv* Ixfir rwepfll'’ l ! to llr fr*ni their t home* and families to fsfiip? imprison ment and exile at tho hands of Northern and German miWiers. uuder the orders of Mr. Lincoln aud h? military subordi nates While yet bnMi’i* au important ’ political eontiiod by Kentucky, T was compelled to l*avc my home and fami lv. or suffer imp. i*umcnt aud exile. i; it is asked why I did not tneei the At.-est and S*ek * trial, my .answer is. that £ would hive welfoniSl an nrrrst to he fotr* lowed by a judge and jury; hut you veil know that I could ut bat-* secured then constitution il rights. I w uld have been transported b •yoiid th State, to languish in some Fed nl fvrtrcs- dnniwr the pic .1- suro of the oppressor, \\ ini ess th? fit i of Morchead and his Kentucky aa-'Ociate - in their distant and ghiotnr prison, j The case of the gentleman just mention ed is an ex unpie of mmy oth rs, and ir. meet* erer\ cl- nient in ad Unition of potism. it n shonid **viir in Kigland, ;l vroul I b.- righted, or it would overturn tb* iiriti. a K upirc. lie is a cbisan and na-*.* live of K-ntnelsy. As a member of tbs L gi.-U'ure. Speak -i "f the !T se. repre seiitaiivo in Congress fr the .Wulini Pistri*l. an 1 Govern r of th* State, jou hive known, tripled an 1 h morud him. timing a public serric.* ot a opurter of % century.* lie is eminent for his tbilif’,, ins ami abb* character an i his blaui'le s life. V i ihi- man, with mt i:i lict*n*n*. without wirrain. with nit aeeuviti m. S*at by the m ler of President L : nc In, n-s SU/.e l at midnight, in ilia •..( h •.i'*, an I iii the ml Ist "1 bi> fiudy, was led tiirou? i the sf re t> t<t I,n i•-\* ill *•, *< 1 in infirm*?, with hi' b ind* cross.' I mi l pinioned be fore him. w is ei lied out of the State an 1 ; iis r. -*, md now lies i prisoner in a fbr tr-'S.s in Ne%? .\oik harbor, a miles away. f\un think that any tr •> ljcgisl.itnre. ever ass-inbled in Kentucky j sine* the day* of <hi arles Scott and Isaac .Shelby, until H'w, wonM have permitted i such a sj ‘cubic to dishonor the State? Nti I Fellow citizens, the Legislature eoul 1 nu* have been free I I wou’J pjah of l!i *' thing-* wih simple solemnity which thejr ma‘iiifn<i'* •icin tad.', ju it r diift m to# run h> expression of a jn t i idign itnm while • ' smart mi Lr h e irmiiiea. Mr f■,- 1 eo’-i !| |, liion*and** rf S >1 li>T< on our soil, j nearly '*ll front the North, :••! n*<rtt of them foretgnors. who n h*' employs <im iiis 1 instruments to -* floe things. Hnt fev ! Kentuckians have enlisted under bi sia:i dari, for we are not y t aecustoniefl to his peculiar form of libisrty. I will not pursue tb • disgraceful anbieo. ; Has Kentucky pctl out of the control : of.her own people? Shill hirelings oftho j pun, recently imported from the .North, ; titting in grind security at th** Capital, i force public opinion to approve these u*ur -1 pation-*, and point out victims? Shall Mr.-’ Lincoln, thriiugh hie G nnm iuercnart I imprison or cxilu the children of the men 1 who laid the foundations uf the Common t wealth, and compel utir noble people to • exhaust themselves in fuinisliiitg the i money to destroy their own freedom ' 1 Never, while Kentucky remains |lm Kentucky of old—never, while tboutau h iof her gallant sons have the will and thn I nerve to nnhe the Slate aing to the munie ;of th-ir rifles I { The Constitution of the United S‘atr-, whi'h these invaders unconstitutionally swear every citizen whom they unconeti {tuti maliy s-'i/.c has be nt I wholly abolished. It la as much forgotten as if it lay away back in the twilight of history. Tin; facts I have enumerated I show that the very rights most carefully reserved by it to States and to individual*, ' have been most conspicuously violated. Aud this destruction has been acoompksh* cd, not by tlie President alone, but by the Congress aNo. an 1 with the approval ■of the Northern Slates and peopV. They have deliberately made iho contest a con stitution. i! struggle between to rmny mil lions on one side a id so many on the otb**p ! —one party lighting for subjugation, the ' other in self-defence and for iudcpondeuoe. i Whatever may be the future relations of 1 the two confederacies, the idea of the rcs : j toratiun of the Union under the old Con stitution is wholly visionary and delusive, i if the North should corn] ur the South, II (which it will perceive to be impossible i after a few hundred millions more shall bj ' expended and a few hundred thousand lives last ) the character of the Go?oro -11 incut would be radically changed. It l | would pn<hably not take the form evcA :. of a mixed government, but would *oou f end in a military despotism. It must sooa : ■ become apparent to all thoughtful man i 1 that the iat hope of constitutional liberty i lies iu the early recognition of those great ■ 1 truths—in au honorable peace and friendly i intercourse. , You declared your purpose not to fit* ! gage in the war to subdue the South, Wud I that you would bu neutral aud medial* in the interests of peace when an npporittui . ty should offer. This is the recorded . will of the State as expressed by ihe peo i pie.' But thuac who aaaume to lepreseut 1 you have violated that will. They have 1. attempted to burden you with voerniiniui f ' taxes to prosecute a war you abhor, end • to sustain a government which bat Irani r • plod under foot every safeguard of A (jon •! Btilution which was the only Loud of our 1 political connection with it, while they . have allowed that Government to cut won -1 off from the only avenues of trade which * t would enable you to pay these (lit. . ; They hare invited a military furoe ti that' - Government to take poeac—ion of tho* -, Slate, and practically supersede the Btan* k , Government, aud they hate tees, vita ii complacency, the** toreigu s-ddlors ecu . i • impriwm and pursuv hundreds of C tci.ua Citlijiio .Ug.l'V. 'illlUat 4 # v > I **vr IHu plait,.' al,u iu</ajuktul VI

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