Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, November 21, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated November 21, 1861 Page 1
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J*. * YOU XVII. tmT MARTS KACOM * , I *y ■ MIUMH mil tIOIIBAV IT J.f XOM. 4 JAMM S. DOWVI iHMMSmciinioi.—f 1.50 per an- Mi, la ba paid Vitkin ait months. Nc ■nkwifriin will kt received for a shortest neeiad ikaiaf months. and no paper U Ifonanrinwad util all artaara|pv are paid, vnaapl alike aplian of tka publishers. Tumi at Aavanrinna. —11 par aquan I# tka Inl Insertion. M SStts. foi ataiY enkeeqnenl insertion. Twelre line) af Was aonstitaia a square If the oumWi • jasmins ka not marked an tka alm< fissownt. it will be published until forbid, and akstfrd accordingly. A liberal da* daatiaa made la ikasa vka advertise bj tka year. TUB CUAKOO.Ud.BIJHNKE. One of tka mast celebrated forests in Ike varkl is tka Sakvartavald. or Black Ferrast, a range of wood/ mountains vkiak Irarrrsaa tka territories of Bidtn and War Unbars. Ik eztanda a dorian bi afaigkif rnilrn. and varies in IMMI kern eighteen to thirty miles. Its mm* mile ore. far tka navt part, dastituta of •raaa, nad only at midpmmar display any vrdna. Tadg barton region succeeds a growth af ping, ksash and maple, and Ik# niidls and lamas pan of tka range is aeaasad ‘A majaeris Am. . which supply mala for tka naviea a# Kiirapa. Out of •hasp manulaana open valley*, green with ad. claaa grass; odorous with swest harks ; loucksd la a chastened beauty by tka white narcissus, Ike snowy exalts. and tho. feko Aptulri gentran ; shadowy with tka Wndwnt of Use wslant; and bright with rumpling breaks whisk go shimmar* ing along tka levels, curve smoothly over Iko slaoes. or with a task and laugh leap down me auiauie prsd pices. In their depths, at a dais not certainly known, kwt before kiatorioaa had grown sksrp and sritisal. there dwelt n ccvy named Bsrtkoui Ink ringer Quite early in Bis he had wet. in tka warm seaaon, so -a*flMMP4fßßdoiMbr skdwf. but •as ko nwmaomlinaflt he was promoted to his old koarwkla Junket and breeches. AmJvAt tAf¥ duriag l Isrgs part of ftko year he fed. like too boasts and birds, upon fruit and Mis. Bat this utter want of culture was , not wilkswl its modisuw of good, in that it gave him folly book to nature. The inn, and wind, and foiling rain shaped his farm to msgutissnl proportions, and kail ift to firmness and strength. For him Iko earth unrollsd bar choice** v - nmos sad awoke bar rarest harmonies Ms was fomitisr with every growth of Wood and wlen, of hillside and meadow, for and wide. In tkqdittle genu, just lifting iteelf from tka brown monld there lay. oulliaod to hie vifw. its whole fu tnre of. otem and load *of bloom and fruit. To ki trained ear the foliage of eoeb dUforeat tree, rnstliug and teasing in the kroeae, pronounced, with curious ssrtaiuiy, its name, and age and history. Mvorv wondering scant, whether it were oakaled from the green roof above, or ooftjf fielding from tinted flower-cups, or shaken from the eoal of the wild Week as ks crept Uangrily and stealtbi- B front hie lair, wooed or warned him. a could track his prey by mysterious but certain signs, and in tka longest okaas neither foot, nor eye, nor hand over foiled kirn. Added to them ac oompliskmeute of the skilled woodsman, was his treasure of proverbe. and pro verbial sayings, which, banded down from parent to child, supplied in part tbs want af books and experience. Grown Uto,g youth, Barthold became a charcoal bt|rnor, like kis folker; hut with a mock clearer outlook for possible i protoascafc than the latter possessed.— '‘Kwtwo oomss to him who expects as walk OS seeks hsr,” he thought. “1 oxpssf W always, I shall seek her whepk the hour comes.” Meantime he fat apt idle. He straightened the olay walls of ike hove!, pal on a new roef of leaves and boughs, and bought a MW not for the skim gey Iras hearth.— This)* kept also well supplied with game. WJUf tbs while: -Poverty is simim. it onlwits even ' n fox.” Bat wkm fis fcthsf urged him logoi a wife. I he readied, “No no! hatter alqac than! in hod company. - Who knows ? X may • not marry a queen.” *• - - *rn* who lives on hope 4iee**f %nn-! gsrj* tdtrtri the old. man. “He who : gntj* H afl holds nothing fast.” ... VOlow and sum wins the race,*’ re-1 tnrfgd thdyonth, with a laugh so Adi, 4jhi than it never foiled to rsetnir ki ftber’A good humor. ■ • 4- ~..A ... ♦ e * * “Thfl spwroc will bo ip Baden the Z *I|MM *! (I* **/•*•*' bis flMlsr mfonriy. although be would | once bars mane at bis own ques-j of the way, or 1 ** "* ' • "iff *~ r '"" I' " “■""“ s*-'|3jj^C3r ** OTEI> To MTEBATUKE. NEWS. AGBICULIVHE AND GENERAL I^TELUGESdi' LEONARD TOWN. MI)., boar, or the goat of the moun * I tains: replied the con. I ‘‘Hast thought of the gibes and jeers <*** **n&Xk r asked the father.— ik-n y *** t 0 k* r P* their wits on the !hill nwple.” i-; “I have foreseen them, proved for 0 them, and forgotten them” son. t drawing from his belt -a long, heavy e knife. * i I, • “It ie a deer honey that asfi bo last-! \**m Ipwao” scot iwmsflKrated the *1 | Jiftf i bfiafl tan make even the * # r ** sM *be sou. And so f' 5 Wfißfim mat BerthoU should go to 1, • . vff nse #Hh the duwn, : myinr.— >-1 hour hss gold io its y • mouth.” He draw a piece of boars’s I meat, a fofbiddep luxury, from a cave j where it wae hidden, put if into the r 'pot. together with a quantity of beech j nuts, sad then lighted some pine boughs, | which burned witb a thick smoke and a , • pitchy scent. Soon the o>d parents 1 j swdte, and while they watched the 1 1 seething desk, Berthold made'his toilet i a mile foci near by. He bad a new < suit of ehinMts leather, which fitted him I closely snough to show bis power of) and grace of movement, and Lis and painted sash of the same f j inatenm IM4 the knife, wlxiuh wae his 1 1 only weapon. Long, black hair lay in I! waves round hts IVM forehead, and t ( brilliant, out-lm>king eyes iHuminated i his dusky face. His was no drawing -room beauty, but the fascination of , i splendid possibilities fixed itself in tin-! . memory, and haunted the fancy of nil 1 r who beheld him. I On the evening of the fourth flay i , from that on which he set out. Bur- ; [ thold was again in the mountain hut.— ; . “He who journeys secs for two—him- { . self and the kinameu at home,” said; , the elder Zahriugcr. “Tell us about! the great 'city.” “There were plenty of fine bouses , crowding on every aide,” answered Ber-j f thold. **and a ruah and roar of men, | , and the flaunting of banners, and! ( trampling of horses, and clashing of: , Steel, slid braying of trumpets,! a great; t glare audT daxsle, yet I could me noth ing distinctly bnt the Ktuperor’s da ugh t- | ’ er. She rode he coal-black horse as if i | —a j.. . u imi were one, ,and tier; white robes lay over his glossy sides, as j I the winter snow lies over the black crags] t of the Brinkerstuhl.” t “Pshaw I” muttered the old man.— , “To tbiuk of looking at a baby girl when ! i! ul * might use brave soldi rs with their: * spears, and battle-axes, and shining i r swords.” ! “I have seen soldiers and swords be-! fore,” returned Berthold, “but I never ! f saw or dreamed of seeing anything so beautiful as the maiden. I lived aj |! wh*de life while she was passing by.” “Imi speak like a lover,’* said the old ' 1 man with a sneer. j I “Possibly,” replied the youth. “Who 1 p knows ? I may yet marry a Princess.” i , ; Thenceforth Berthold dreamed much, ; but he wrought also. Through the whole I ; district there was no arm so strong as his | i h bring down the giant trees, no skill; , like bis to build their great funeral pyres, j to cover them with chips, and moss,; I and the fine braise, to arrange the j apertures, and to fire the heap, and none 1 watched with equal fidelity for each change 1 i u the smoke or vapor, recording upon the exterior of the mound the curious stories | of its hidden processes. Success awaited ; him—not the slow, small success reaching tea better cabin and a warmer hearth—; bnt such as gave bis name and fame in : the early historic annals. Digiog fur ! earth to mix with the dust of former coal- ( Inge, be perceived some white stones! which gleamed under the rays of the mid- 1 jday sun striking hotly down the -forest | 1 opening. * His heart l>eat quickly. Were j they—could they be—yos, they were cer- Jtainly silver! Berthold told no one of ibis discovery. He still labored at his I trade, but less dilligently, for bis time i was spent in collecting the ore and melt | ing it into bars. These be concealed 1 •} for future use, and, continued to live as! * scantily and coarsely as before. ♦*\ ♦ ♦ ♦ Bight busy years had thus gone by.; j when the emperor, flying before his rebel- ’ lious vassals, took refuge on the Kaiser jstuhl mountains in the Bteisgan. The i little army he lad (hither was constantly ; diminished by desertion sod death, while i I fortress after fortress fell into the kinds of i his enemies. He chafed at his compelled ! inaciiuQ. and finally offered bis daugh-. ■ : ler*s hand to the man who should effectu ally aid him. Berthold bad always left ; hts.nook in ths forest, saying, “the noble man’s calamity is the peasant’s opportu and be soon beard of the proclama tion. He immediately repaired to the! Kmienituhl, obtained an interview with < the ewperoc, and promised his whale for tune if required, provided the emperor, j would, after learning his extraction, for : mail? ratify the terms proposed o his i proclamation. j The emperor hesitated, bnt utter ruin j was close npon him and necessity con- i qu**red pride. “I had not anticipated i f ■ j this poaaihikm.” be said, “but bring me thru© hundred bars of silver, such as you I i ll*'* described, and your- marrnge witb '! *“ e print ess shall be celebrated at once, ij In order, also, that you may from the : first appear, suitable at court, I here create *. you Duke and assign you ths revenues oTtoeprovince” “When it tfotfvhave been reconquered, j rirc,” replied Berthold, with a hi ugh so ad-hopefol that the emperor eotkld i but join in bis glee. “Who is that?” asked the princess > Agnes, looking after Berthold as he left • the camp. “A nobleman in disguise,” repli-d. the young Graf of Nordhciiu, who, however, j ou ty guessed as much from the ease with I I which the stronger obtained admission 1 1 and the manner of his departure*. “He has a finer person than any man at ceurt.” said the princess—“except your self. 11 * she added, smilingly, seeing the i Grafs countenance fall; and thencefor ! ward sho watched only for the coming of the Zuhringer. fn due time he appeared, without at i teudants, but with several horses Is !eu I with ore which he had led, for security, : through forest paths known only to bim- I self. Trusty hands soon placed the pre cious freight in safety. Then, clad in garments furnished by the emperor from his own not overflowing wardrobe, Bcr tauld was publicly received with ail the ceremony which the camp permitted, was confirmed in his new rank, and formally ! oetrolhod to the princess. Soon after the I j strangely assorted pair were united in marriage by ths royal chaplain. , Furnished with arms, Berthold soon i ! learned to use them; and. in spite of his | inexperience, his genius was quickly felt, iby the forlorn bund. His sagacity, cool- ! ! ness and celerity were equally lauded. I i Liberal pay rapidly tilled* his ranks with! i good Hoops; successes, slight at first, but ! daily becoming more important, added to their uumiiers; while bribes and promt-, ses effected them still more. In less than 1 I a year, the emperor had retrieved hi* | | losses, and sat upon hts throne more sc-' curely than. ever. And now, in the best 1 armor of the period which flashed daz- ! singly above a suit of crimson silk, his 1 horse covered with nodding plumes and ! and housings, sprinkled with gold stars, i Berthold passed over the same ground | j whore, nine years before, bo had watched i another gorgeous procession, as a simple | j peasant, happy in bis new suit of chamois ! ! leather, and strong in the heavy knife, ' belted at hi* side. At his right hand,; ; her hair in a golden net, her neck and J i arms covered with choice pearls, and her! j white dress edged with rubies and emer- j aids, rode the maiden who had opened to 1 ! bis untutored fancy a new world of be wildering beauty. Then she was so much above him that he scarcely dared to contemplate her loveliness. Now, a be loved ami loving wif*, she, ever an 1 anon, looked into his face with a glance |of merriment or weariness as she was amused or bored by the details of the pro gress. He felt awed at the change. It was so j entire, so wonderful could it last ? Then a strange, dreamy mood crept over him. | :He felt as if under a magic spell. He ! half believed himself the sport of- a nia- 1 : lignant spirit, who played with his hvlp i lessness, pud almost dreaded a hideous 1 signal at which the whole pageant should ■ vanish. Only the warm touch of a little : i baud, which sent a thrill of joy to his in- ; I most heart, a half whispered word from | ; lips whose accents were priceless, could , assure him that the events of the past | months were genuine facts and not the | material of a baseless vision. Good fortune continued to attend him. I From him sprang a powerful house cun-1 spicuous in the annals of Germany. He 1 built the Castle of Zabringen and the city | of Freiburg, and erected and endowed ’ the monasteries of St. Ruprecht and St. | l*eter. Yet, busy and brilliant as was! the close of his career, the old chronicler! bints that it was leas happy than the care free gleeful life which be led beside bis eoal mounds in the Bark Forest. HISTORY OF WAR. “ The battles anterior to the Savior's ap- ! pearanee on earth, though few in number, : are sufficient to show that war, even in its rudest state, and buttles fought in igno- * ranee, of the improved, methods of the! Nineteenth Century to expedite death and ; slay hundreds at one fell swoop, have been ; must sanguinity. New inventions are continually progressing, as the Patent j Office at Washington abundantly testifies. • and among (hem all none seem to com mand more general admiral ion, and re- ‘ ccive more plaudits of praise, than those! inventions which facilitate the death of hu- , man beings. We now tarn attention to the progress! of war posterior to tba birth of Christ, who inculcated, by precept and example, love to all mankind, loving your enemies, forgiving your enemies, forgiving iuju- 1 ries, if smitten, not to smite again. The

following examples of the progress of war will show bon fsr mankind profited by such teachings of mercy; and first wc uuiue to j 1r ■ * 6} 1 TSIX BATTIX OV ASCILOH, - 1 in theycar 1192. between Richard the i First jf England, and the Sultan Salad in, ' ; who (Vamfcnded iIUU.OUO Saracen* in the . ' battled Mhs another great and terrible| jt-skag/ter.- Over Saracens were. | dwd on The number of ( • wouoted, tbousanflHfcwbaui nsu*t have ; '' died -<f their w>fom*BNra icninensetej iucukpdeqp | ft UK battle or BANNOCK BUBS’, r .| wfiich wax foudit between the Scotch and English, routed in the defeat of die English Bmv had 80,0011 Scots and ’ 1 Edward 100,000 English in this battle, i I Upward of >O,OOO English were killed and I I wounded. June 25. 1314. I THE BATTLE OK CRESSY, OR CKECY. ’; This bloodj battle was fought on tin* 20th, of August, A. D. 1840, between Edward IH of Eugand and his sob Edward, cal led on account of his black armor, the j { Black Prince, and Philip, King of Franco. The English gained what the i historian calls “the most glorious triumph ever achieved by English arms.” And! j in proof of it, slater that the King of Ma- ■ ijorca, Duke of Bohemia, Duke of Lor -1 raine (ail sovereign Princes), a large I number of French nuUvs, and 80.0001 ; privates of the French were slain, while j | the loss os the English side was but ti if i hng. _ | The crest of the King of Bohemia, three i ostrich feathers, a plume of feathers being l the ornament of the hdniet of heraldry, was taken, with the motto —“leh Dien” | —in English, “I serve,* was considered a 1 splendid trophy. This has ever since ‘ ;k en adopted by heirs to the British , Crown. The Prince of \V r ah s, always the , j heir apparent, has the feathers. The ; slaughtered thousands were as nothing 1 : compared to the plume of Lathers, Such i is war and glory! TUB BATTLE OE AOIVCOrRT. I j This battle was fought between the | English under Henry the Fifth and the j French, Oct. 25, 1415. The English loss I jin this battle did not exceed 100, while j the French bad 10,1*00 killed and 14,000 , prisomrs taken. Such a tremendous j , slauglter of the one army while the other! j escaped with comparatively none would | , the belief of thh tuosi credulous I mindawore U not well authenticated by ; impariul history. Tlfe BATTLE OP BOSWORTII FIELD. Thef had Ih*c*ii do less than thirteen j battles fought between the rival houses jof You and Lancaster, culled the “Warsj. of the loses” in England: but the baltl . iof Bosiprtb Field decided the “wars of the rotte** forever. King Richard the , Third his forces against those un der th*t Karl of Richmond, afterward , King llnry the Seventh. In this kittle j the prid and the chivalry—the bone and , the sinuv, the very noblest of England's ; sous, w*re arrayed in deadly hate ami ! strife agrinst each other. Hoswrth Field was a bloody one, on i August I'l, in the year 140 S. For the, i thirtecnycars preceding, blood and life i ( and treaure were expended for this supre-! i macy. Richard was slain on the bailie; j field, wbre, when his horse was shot he j called foi another, saying. “A kingdom i i for a hone.” But his doom was sealed, ; and his )fc and kingdom ended on Bus- j ; worth Ftld. The earnage on both sides I was iiunense, and this, the lust buttle of* i the “wUte and red roses,” will ever be’ j regarded as a bloody act in a bloody dra ma. j THE BATTLE OF ASPERNB. i This tdriblc battle was fought on the 1 21st, May 109, and continued the two. following days, between the Austrians! i under Archduke Charles and the French 1 under Napoleon. The Austrian loss m s , 20,000; that of the French 50,000, ana l although they fought under the personal leadership of the great Napoleotl. yet the ; Austrians were the victors. The bridge j over the river Danube was destroyed du- • ring the contest, which rendered Napol eon’s retreat extremely critical. THE BATTLE OF SALAMANCA. This celebrated battle between the! British and Allies under Lord Wellington. I ami the French under Marshal Marmont, : on the 22d duly, 1812. battle was, won by Wellington, although the Allies j suffered severely—the; killed, wounded! and missing being nearly 6,000. while that of the French in kiilea and wounded was about 8,000. Marmont left in the. victors’ hand <.141 prisoners 11 pieces of cannon, 6 stand of colors, and—what was considered more humiliating than all—two; eagles. TUB BATTLE OP BORODTNO OR MOSKVA, has been described as the “most sangui nary io the record of the world.” This great battle was fought Sept. 7, 1812,- between the French and Run>iaus. Na poleon commanded the French in person, ] the Russian** by Kutuaoff. 240.000 troupe were engaged in this battle. The h>ss on both rides Was bO immense that each side claimed the victory; but as the il-m- '. r > ‘ V > . J retreated, impartial history decides favor, of Napoleon, who pursued the-enemv <ui to Molrow, and entered it on the 14th qf Septcnibet. • * •* • it was that Nqpoleon.experienced • a signal retape of fortune, which seemed to date his filial •’owafoll. The details ol | the horrid tj In-Jk’deir and scenes of this j battle are so thrilling as to awaken every Imiotion of pity for ihua Jken . thoughGpijte half* center has roiled over 1 the dead. I Prodigies of what is called heroism were performed on both sides, and thousands and tens of tbomxnds of bloody and mang j led corpses covered the field of battle, |ifo the leaves of Autumn in the fore*. ' Death had a great banquet at Moseov, and PMO ; called it “a great victory.” THE BATTLE OP WATERLOO* which has been celebrated in prose fold poetry, story, occurred on tbs plains of Waterloo, not far from “Bel gium’s capital, tin* city of fair women and 1 brave men.” This terrific fi;ht, under the respective leaderships of (he great Na poleon and renowned Wellington, beu& date the 18th day of June, 1815. .Tpg J flower of the French army, and thal also* ot England, was now in dread array.— j Both armies comprised more than 200.- | 000 men. many of theta veterans in war, i who had gained laurels of fame on many a 1 gory field. *■{ | The battle began at 9 o’clock dWjftfof morning and raged with the ‘iff*nT#nfoiT : until 7 o’clock in the evening—|m of ground being disputed with the 1 *Kt obstinate resistance. The Wuc of ; terrible contest was finally decided lay ; Blucher coming up with his reinforcement on the side of the English. The British army had just been ordered to charge, ; and the French had just begun to waver, when. Blucher's timely aid in pursuing the retreating French added an awful ad dition to the number of the dead. THE BATTLE OF ST. JKAX I’aCRK. This was a battle by bombardment of the town by the British fleet, under Sir Robert Stnpford. The place surrendered after a few hours fighting. The Egyptian loss was 2,000 killed and wounded* and 3.000 taken prisoners. The British luSL | was only 12 killed and 42 wounded.— ThU battle wad fought Nov. BATTLES IN AMERICA. The battles fought during the A met-, icau Revolution were fierce and bloody, | LEXIXCTON. At Lexington the British troops had 273 killed and wounded by American vol- ■ unteers, very few of whom were injured, i Fought April 19, 1775. BCNKSU HILL. The British had in this battle 1.054 men killed and wounded. The Ameri can loss did not exceed 453. The latter had to leave the ground for want of pow- { der. Fought June 17. 1775. The Battle ok New Orleans, be tween the Americans and English. Jan. 8, 1815, was a most bloody defeat to the English. The British, under Gen. Pack-! '.lihnm, had 8,000 killed and Wwumled ; ; the A:uci leans bail T men killed and 6, woundcri. The Mexican War records its fearful talc of life. At the battle of Palo Alto, the Mexicans were defeated wi’h a loss of 262 killed and 856 wounded. The Amer en n fobs iindfr General Taylor was 48 killed and 126 wounded. Fought April 24,1846. At the Battle of Monterkv, Gen. Taylor hdd 4,700 men ; th’e Mexicans had 10.000; American loss, 120 killed 368 wounded. The loss of the 3icxicaus over 800 killed and twice as many wound ed. Col. Doniphan, with 440 Mi'-soufi vol unteers routed 1.1 UO Mexicans, killing 63, and wounding 150. The Americans had none killed, and only 6 men wounded.— ; Jan. 8, 1847. I At Hlena Vista, 4.759 Americans, under Generals Taylor and Wool, defeated 22.000 Mexicans—killing 6,000, while j the American loss was 2fff killed and 456 wounded. Fed. 22 and 28. 1847. j At SactuMENTO, Col. Doniphan, with 924 Americans, defeated 4.(HJO Mexicans, killing and wounding 300. and taking 40 prisoners. The American loss was 1 kil led and 8 woutnded. At Ve*a (Jkt i, the enemy, after ruffer ing immense slaughter, surrendered’ to Gen. Scott ami Commodore Perry. The American lot* was 65 killed and wounded. March 29, 1847. At Cerro Gordo, Gen. ?eott, with 8,- 500 Americans defeated 12 000 Mexicans under Santa Anna, taking 5 GenteraL, and 3.000 prisoners. American loss, 25u kil -1 d. On the 20th of August, 1847. Gcn rul Smith drove the Mexicans from the fortified posts of Contreras and Churubun co toward Mexico. Tfte American loss wasl.OOC; that of the Mexicans (j,000.- At Mouao del Rev. Gen. Worth car- , ried the Mexican fortifications defended by 14.04)0 Mexicans under Santa Anna The AmcriranfloMi waa 787 killed ; that ’ of in*, enemy 3,u00. Sept 8, IS 17.# TWfiAmllor Bill Urn, Sunday JnTv 1801, between Americans and . Americans,, jrw.a bloody carnage ; the ex act lon of Itlflcd and wounded on ci b< r side has not been made public, if aseai j tailed. The Northern Array retreated from the battle ground in baste nnd disor der, leering am munition and property iu ; the bauds of the Southern Confederates. Let the reader calmly reflect ou the i bloody, record we hare' presented, and 1 sum-3p (be result of wart peat, ‘and will he not pray God. iu very earnest ups*, that the present unholy war now being prose cuted among ourselves may be speedily .terminated by an overruling Providence flHMrey, and not frustrated by hearts as- wuh Pharaoh's,, when the OhOMOk of Israel were so persecuted that 'uUlr er|0 'ascended to heaven '! Thibst Aftkr Pi.kasl'ue. —An English matron lays, (what is quite as applicable to-dtur own Radies.) we spoil, we flutter to ourruijK I young Englishwoman if at born, or clever, or rich graWealion attends her. “The | single'dfivfcs of a woman of qualify," Ad dition olwerves. “is often the product of a f hundred climates. The muff and the fan ; together from the different ends of th • earth. The searff is sent from' the torrid j zone. the tippet beneath the pole.— kStep brocade petticoat rises full of the of Peru, and tho diamond nerklaco yiat of the bowels of Hindostau.” it Pfgy be remarked that in the days afetfc* a woman once dressed was ; not only dressed for years, but the Jrv*a ■ ded pftieoai went down to generol'uyjs yet ; unborn. Now, the extravagance fit such, that u woman requires the salary of a cu ; rat e (at the very lowest figure) to keep her iu dress, and therefore she must marry* rirh. Marrying well is one of the greHr teats of a young woman’s existence.— 1 That it has always been so, there is no | doubt. But in the present day it is not ' n,, ly the mothers who are “praetioal,” as they Unn. it. {thus gi*ssing uver the mean est sentiment with a fair name) but the laughters who are calculating ah> *. Flir tation they like, hut sentiment they abhor; au uni in passionate love of admiration is the r.iuit of this considerate and deliber ate indulgence of a woman’s vanity. hnTe no need to point a mural: In every paper. 'J" Tub RisiTor the Kotiisciiium.— When G- urge 111 came t* the throne there was u little boy at Frankfort who did not dream of ever having anything to do, ptisonallv. with the sovereigns of Europe. He was in the first stage of training for the Jewish priesthood. His name was Meyer An salm Rothschild For some reason or other, he was placed in a counting-liou.su at Hanover, and he s>on discovered what he was fit for. He began humbly as an exchange broker, and went on to the Lu.- ler of the Landgrave of II s e. whose private fortune be saved by his shrewd ness, when Napoleon owriali Guii*iUU\. How he left s large fortune and a eon - mercinl character of the highest order, and how his five sons settled in five groat cities ot Europe, and have had n o r au thority over the wer and p-ace and tho destines ol nations than the soven i/i. t themselves. the world pretty well knov - Despotic monarch* mu<t he dependent, upon money lenders, unh ss tin y are tV.-.i from debt, and can command ' unlimir. d revenues for untold purposes—which is never true of despotic sovereigns. i Cel vrnv Bau-Bcom —Trvmg ‘■.■•vs i the only temple of true liberty in this world is the bar-room of u country inr ; an instirution where you may. pull oil vuur formality with your boots, roll up your | frowsers with your cans, and puff a wav I at your troubles with a pipe, without f ar ! that a broomstick will draw your atr*n , tion to the carpet, or dark-eomplexioin d frowns remind you of the injurious o. i of tobacco-juice on the stovc-ln a. th. The 1 parlor will do for those who are brought I up under desju/to-m; but to a man who ha* i once fed on democracy, there is no spot on the eat th where he can enlarge the freedom with less fear of raising an insur rection, than iu the snug, cozy corner of a country bur-room. •‘American uxt.v ■— ln Bentley's Mag azine for September, we find an article * n American women, from a contributor who signs himself M. Kolde. Re professes to have spent some time jo this country. Ihr represents our married men ns comple:- slaves to their wins. He says, *“lf * lovely American girl sinks into the arms of a muu to be bound to him for life, slv - docs o much in the same way a. ah* throws herlf into her easy chair. * Mar riage is her pillow, her sofa, on MbicTi she inmi.d." henceforth comfortably to repose; J He is horrified at the idea than even the Senators at Washington do their owu marketing^ The Way*)* Dory. —Uev. Dr. Mason *ay ip the Mnrulonian : /‘AN hen Nelson's captains, on op* occa sion, asked to have their particular work pointed out. he said, ‘The man that lays his ship alongside one of the enemy'* may be sure be j doing hit duty.*. NO 4G

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