VOL. XVII. W ■ nBTBIUU O# VMMMLE PERSONAL HEAL ESTATE. BY virtM of authority vested in me bv the Circuit Court Cur Saiat Mary r i County, I will acll m traatae to Thomas H. PtjM, ia tke village of Cbaptieo, on TUESDAY, the 17th of De cember next, b steam (be boar* of 10 and 12 o’clock, all tbo personal property of sail Thomas 11. Panne, consisting ef one negro wo man named LUCINDA. and child; also at the sane piece, on the same daj, all the undivided interest of % mTboBU H. Payne in the real j aateto •i Richard Pay ns deceased. Jlhnna nf sola made known on the day OK ’ DANIEL J. PAYNE. Trustee. M' Mnv; iffth, 188!.—te- NOTICE. VLA HILUAM A BIAKIBTONE, bar inn located ip Cbaptieo, offrrs his pro fomfoaai aevvkwa to tha IVullc, and can al ways In fimnii, whoa nod profrmfoaslly sa fe gaged, at >m wolTa Hotel. I aha* retain my tweaks to my Mends ia the nsjghherhonil of || R. dbuMt’i Bay Aar tkstr former patronage, and will always bo happy m wait on them at the ahenast notice. Rot. SBth, 1891—if. y , — ] - - FOR CONST-iBI.K. - 'At Vft|V|l| A Ht.f. (UlßdiyMil m osndtdsf for CaassaMs ia Lsonani Town Pi tpMttbo #tiit in IBBS and aaka the sap nOW of bla mends and Mlow-ciUwns. llav. 88th, 1881. MM -PS*. QTOBSN from my atablcs in Medley’s 0 Reek, near Leonard Town, on Wednes day the 18tk instant, a bright Sorrel M-re, Mdth dazed mane a*4 tail, mediam sine, stoni ly Mil and about 12 years of age. I have bean informed that an animal, answering to the above description, was ridden past Char lotte Hall an the Uth, by a. negro man, and, from his description, Igm snlisfisd that he is the peefy that stole the mare from my stables. The negro is 8 fret 8 inches in bright, thin laced, of a dark chesant ooter and about 40 years dags. lie mpmswited hiaueJf, when la my nrigbaorhood, to be free, but 1 have learned sines Ms departs# that he is supposed * to he a runaway rises and probably, stole my mare frith a view of reaching Washington or noma out of the Federal encampments in Charles County. I will give the above re waii fr*flw ostivery of the stolen antmal, nr HtMl compensation far information lead ** EDWARD DOWNS. - Lronisd Town, P. O. Md. Nov. Mol, 1881 —It 1.1. mu - ■!-"■ r> ■ ■■■ UNION HOTEL, LEONARD TOWN, MD., FOR SALE OR RENT. —— mas oohoeriber intending to change his t VMrinem, offers the UNION HOTEL forfffrfo HW JkmL The Hotel. Stables and • ’ or buildings are In excellent condition, end tbe stand Is equal fur business to any in the gßltbcro counties of the State. The Hotel is new In receipt of a very gord custom, which n utd be largely.increased with alight effort, i htjrliTT Bn y and furniture will he |th the Hotel, tire Terms will be lib eral and made to suit tbe times. Persons de- Keeps of renting or purchasing are invited to g1.% (he Proprietor a call. Pomesrion given [W V U * y ' JOHN P. FENWICK, Leonard Town. JuJ, ll*. 18*1—tf. NOTfCE; TUB tomm‘ssions for county officers else-1 iad.p the math day of November last Were fomved and died in this Office on tbs f9ad November, ultimo. Tbo Constitutios fonoiros all persons stewed to office, receiving a comnrisrion from the State, to quality witbia thirty day Is after tbs rssnaimise ia died. MV JAMEST. BLAKISTONB, X * •- . . .T7 ..... Clerk. Ota. dth. 1851—tf. r" J NOTICE. k " ) ““.Sd J®. tbis year will please come forward and same temp,or 044. J. J. Albina ia thirty days. If m* nettled, .in thirty daya jwtowdaf# lshnll he pon|olfo4 iiyyugh to : It- BOHASAK, ~ (\4, of Sul. DW. ,JRpv. 2)4, 1841 —if. * DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. NEWS. AS AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. I JEON ARP TOWN. MD.. THTJR* DECEMBER 12. 1861. MESSAGE OP GOV. HICKS *0 m MUBdIWI OP MARYLAND. i , 1 Gemdemeu if Me Senate md f the Bmm ef< Delegates : I have called together the General As sembly of Maryland in anticipation of the regular session in January, and It la pro per I should briefly recount the events and state tbe reasons which have led me to that determination. About the time at which South Caroli na passed her ordinance of Secession, and daring several mouths thereafter, I was importuned to convene the Legislature, j It was urged, with great teat, that the t people of Maryland should have an oppor-' (unity of saying whether they would re main loyal to the Government framed by our fathers, or join the seceded States in their mad crusade against the continuance ef the Union. It was alleged that if tbe Legislature should be convened it would either call a sovereign Couveniion, or submit to a vote of tbe people tbe grave question whether they desired such a Convention to assent- I ble. Tbs strenuous effort to induce me tol call together the Legislature having failed, I was then earnestly desired to submit to the people, by Proclamation, the question whether or not they wished a Couveniion to be assembled. 1 declined to accede to thia request, because, under tke Constitu tion, 1 possessed uo such power. 'ln thus persistently refusing to comply with those propositions, I am well aware that I assumed a grave responsibility. But I was satL&ed, nevertheless, that 1 was but performing what, to me, seemed to be a clear and simple doty. And for the consequence# I was then and am now, willing to rely upon the justice and good sense of my follow eiliseus: to whom it is due that 1 explain, as briefly as I can, the reasons which induced my course. I believed that 1 was thoroughly ac quainted with tbe proclivities ef a majority of tbe members of that Legislature. 1 was perfectly convinced that they desired Ma ryland to leap, no matter bow blindly, in to the vortex of Secession. I believed tbe same to be true of the most of those citizens who so persistently urged the as sembling of tbe Legislature. 1 was, therefore, unwilling to allow that body an opportunity so to misuse its great power; not doubting that, in imitation of the Leg islatures of then seceded States, it would exert that power to the great detriment of the people of Maryland. It la true that I earnestly desired the people to have on opportunity of expres sing their will nt tbe ballot-tax. in regard to Um position of Maryland, and I would moot cheerfully have afforded them sueh opportunity if I bad possessed the con stitutional power, to de so in any other way than by convening the Legislature. But I could not trust that body in so momentous a crisis. 1 did net believe tbe people eunld possibly have a fair and free expression of their will under the provi sions of sny law for that purpose which might be enacted by that Legislature. I was sure that through some juggle Mary land would be forced to secede. 1 need | not speculate here in regard to the mode by which tbis would have been accom plished ; whether by the bayonet or by some equally cogent or persuasive process., 1 merely assert that I believe the plans of the Secessionists would have been accom plished if they had had the great power of the Legislature to aid them. I was, daring all that time, positively convinced that a majority of the people of Maryland did not wish the Stale to accede. They knew that tbe seces rien of Maryland would attempt to car ry with It the possession of the National Capital: and knowing, also, that * our Northern and Western brethren could not be expected to acquiesce peaceably ia such a step, concluded that our people were not insane enough to wish this Stale to be come one vast battle-field and our homes mri* desolate. I continued, then, to refuns to eonvene the Legislature; I hoped that nothing but time was needed to cause even zealots for secession to change their opinion or, at least forbear their designs. In tbis, it appears. I did not accurately measure the extent of their madness. But I did not know how much I erred in this regard until my eyes were opened bv the ooonrtencee ia Baltimore on the 19th of April, end the subsequent events counseled with that treasonable outbreak. 1 then concluded that I ooald not hope to gain much more time in which the mis guided mob might see its error. And, when Coleman Yalloit, Esq., the late Senator from Baltimore day, after ad vising with the Board of Patios Oummis cfouers, and instigated by the mere promi nent of the conspirators, unlawfully issued his “Froulamstion” for an assembling of the Legislature at Baltimore, when a forge and sotive portion of the Beenesion element would be congregated, I knew it was lime for me to act. True, I might then have i called upon the President of the United States to quell the Insurrection, but this' would almost certainly have caused the destruction of the city of Ball fl| I might have called out the deavor to restore quiet, and indesJijii make an effort to that end. But RmIIS covered that nearly all the ofioesflßHi in losgue with the conspirators, mHB| volunteer corps of the city and 1— which possessed snut, were slafl - tirely in the same category. lIT . there watt a considerable loyal force in Baltimore, but it was and entirely unarmed. So that iIHHH| effectively called out the militia, time, I should have actually conspirators in their designs. I concluded, therefore, after HBH| deliberation, that there was but ; left to inf;. I summoned the to assemble at Frederick midst of a loyal population, H day of April, believing few days thus gained ble. liy tbe merciful intcrventifl9HHHß| deuce this step pose. The State could not scRHHHH bloodied was averted from her aMBSSm The history of that fore tbe country. Not only ,to do it;* duty, as representingHHMß | State, but it actually passed : resolutions, and attempted to lawfully, into its hands both tHHHH and the sword, whereby it us into the vortex of Secession. deterred from doing (his the unmistakable threats of and indignant people. Ilestricted in the duration sions by nothing but the majority of its members, it and again; squandered tbe and made itself a mockery country. This continued until era] Government had believe it was about farce of enacting an sioii; when tbe stopped by the dispc^^^^^^^BHH| Inasmuch as nary times is people of a SnriM of the late I bus a]parj£ attitude ei umentjß? D’; * a 'V 'ay ap^ do heS pressi Look by yout’W, ‘ people, have not besftß^,fC ora ble Indies (bat you may at of the feople, ty will, in your wisdom. live to vindicate the honor and loyalty of our State. 1 have such confidence in the courage, ability and patriotism which I know to exist in tbis Senate and House of Dele gat.?? that 1 might well here conclude i tbis communication. I feel sure that bo topic on which you should take action will escape your discernment. But in accordance with custom, and with the requirements of my duty, I herewith res pectfully offer some brief suggestions in regard to the more prominent topics which demand your immediate and careful at tention. The tax-payers in Maryland are look ing with great interest for your action In regard to the best method of raising the money which is required to pay our proportion of the National tax levied by Congress to aid in defraying the expenses of the war. and also the other sums which will be necessary €0 enable tbis State to follow her own former patriotic example and that of her loyal sisters. Our proportion of tbe National tax amounts to the sum of four hundred and thirty-six thousand, eight hundred and twenty-three dollars and thirty-three cents; and Congress has allowed fifteen per cen tum of this sain to be detained by us to ' defray the costs and charges of collecting the same. It is impossible for me to offer any estimate of the amount that will km nceee sary for the other purposes 1 have indica ted. But I look upon, the whole subject as one in which dollars and cento should not be regarded. The rebellion la to he Kit down, no matter at what Mt. Our ste most bear her share of the expense, mad our people have shown their dam to do ao by easting an overwhelming majori ty of their votes In favor of the maiden anee of the Union. Years, (hen, should he no niggard hand. In this earn liberality wUI be economy; and the people look to yon Ihna to vindicate their devotion to the Govern ment.
A direct tax, to raise the necomary amount, would, in my opiuiou. foil heuvi ily upon the people at this time, hennas I ut die |*ortisl prostration of the menuntifo ' and iiMkuotriai pursuits. Of oouree, if 4m . money cm be p* in no other way. and HBHho onerous, under ell the mrcum- HHh I trust you will be aUe to devise by which ike imposition at uJSf • too contract debts, (o any ■Hri that may be necessary for the de> the State./’ it seems to me that M9est method of raising the required be to borrow, on the bonds of ijjSytate. ao amount sufficient for our after deducting therefrom a pro- HHBroportion to be reserved as a sinking HUH for their redemption. flHjße interest on the Kinds might be met increase of the present ■nw direct taxation; which, so not amount to the rate fully borne by our peo- j threatened the Un-! pledging the State’s credit, will be relieved from paying at HHHBicavy debt which has been fas us by the insane conduct of the We shall also be spared the mor- Button which would certainly ensue is HBequeuce of our inability to collect the Hsaary amount by direct taxation in to meet our obligations to the Illjv be inappropriate to suggest that you cannot reasonably expect to meet the exigencies of HB an occasion from the current receipts ’ ■the Treasury. The Comptroller of Department informs me that on the ■ of September, 1861, at the close of ■■fiscal year, the condition of the Trea was at follows: HBnoe on hand as of Sept. 30th; 1860 ■ . . $266,587.75 ■eipto daring the year 960,813.08 $1 218.400.81 during the year 1,046.356.41 balance of $170,044.42 upon the Treasury ' $1,090,000 00 ■/. Bfund on the 30th BBnMb $4,823,220.35 during the vear 231,189 >2 to be .;v; l ; 37 fund 62 in regard to Bosury can be read application to the str * ct duty, and also honor of the State, mediate provisions for Maryland's quota of HBB|Mmcired thousand volunteers called President under tbe set. of Con gress authorising him so to do. I believe that quota can be raised without difficulty so soon as yon shall advance tbe money to pay the expense of recrtrisng and eqniping the troops. In reference to tbis subject I need offer no suggestions at to details. We can find the patriotic example in our own Statute Book, at the first and subsequent sessions of the General Assembly of tbis State in 1777, by which ample provision was made for iccrnitiug, equiping and clothing the quota of this Slate in the army of the Un ited States, and for famishing relief to the families who needed it of those who had vol unteered in defence of tbe Government. At the March session of 1778 was pas sed an act (chap, viii) for the tatter secu rity of the Government, to which I respect fully invite your attention. The pream ble recites (hat the duties of protection and allegiance are reciprocal; and where as no man is entitled to the one who de nies the obligation of tbe other, the law prescribes the oath of allegiance to tbis State and to the United States, to he token, repeated and subscribed by every citizen of this State under tbe penalties (in case of recusance} and disqualifications there in stated. A thorough re virion of the mi litia law and reorganization of tbe State military ia an Imperative necessity at this time. The anomalous condition of the muni cipal government of the city of Baltimore demands immediate action on yoor part.: The police force of that city now receives its pay from the United Slates Treasury, and it is obvious that such a state of af fairs should be permitted to exist no km- i • I transmit herewith a copy of a eommo ■fcktion received from the Department of Stole, eft Wmkingttra, in reference to for tiffeelieiis within tbe limit* of this State. 1 deem the subject to be of great importance, and I treat it will receive at your Wb j the eenmderation which it denervoa. 1 reap mi fully suggest the propriety of I the re-enactment of former laws for the 1 summary punishment of persona in Mary-; land who shall he convicted of aiding or abetting, in any manner, thorn who are In | arms against the Government. It is undeniable that, mrtwtthctedint the careful watch kept by the FedclS | effirera, there arc, in our midst, sympa-1 tkiscn with and abettor* of the rebellion, who, in some tij, keep up eomaaniea tioo with and give aid and comfort to tbe Confederate*. Let ns endeavor to pat an end to these neforious practises Lj inflicting severe So peace of Sta Stale aTadia* oa. Such a course will also measurablj relieve loyal catixens, in many parts of the State, from tbe numerous annoyan ces and persecutions to which they have been so long subjected at the bands of their secessionist neighbors, and which have undoubtedly increased to their pres ent embarrassing proportion because of the impunity with which men have here tofore been allowed to act treasonably. The object and intention of the Gov ernment in the war forced upon it in i defence of the Union, as declared in | the patriotic Proclamation of General j Dir at restoring the flag in the counties on the Kasteru Shore of Virginia, and of General Sherman, in South Carolina, are entitled to aod will receive the sup port of our people. The condition of tbe Baltiomore and Ohio Railroad and of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal requires action on your part. The re-opening of these great works to traffic and travel is of immense importance not only to the people direct ly, but as bearing on the future of our financial resources. The Statement made by the President of the Baltimore and Ohio Roilroad Company is herewith sub mitted. Other topics of less importance not necessarily requiring immediate attention will be presented in detail in my cons* munication to you at the opening of your regular session. - In conclusion, gentlemen, 1 songratn late yon, and the people of tbs State, upon the immunity we have enjoyed from the dreadful evils which hare fa I len upon some of the ether States. While carnage and desolation have stalked through Virginia, Kentucky end Missouri, we here |n Maryland have had no battle-tr Ida, no Trnntirn destruc tion of homes, no outrages upon help le.-s women and children. True, in every section of the State rancor and deadly hatred, and in some cases even judicial persecution, have been openly indulged against thoss whose ouly offence is loyalty to tbs Government. But this hatred, bitterness and persecu tion have not yet culminated into blood shed. The tread of hostile armies has not yet interfered with the calling of husbandman, but tbs earth baa yielded i more bountifully than ever before. If the thunders of irtObrr can he heard upon our borders, if owrwdnstriul pur suits have been proctratod to some extent by tbe calamity, we have yet had peace In our midst. By tbs blessing of Heaven we have been spared the dread ful evils and horrors inseparably connected with war. For all this we have abundant reason to be thankful. Aod in view of this we can yet afford to pardon those who ahull now cease from laboring with • seal worthy of u better cause to stir up diseord within our State, to array brother against brother, and son against father. It is with you to efface whatever disloy alty has appeared upon car Legislative re cords. It is also with you to prove that Maryland is not only loyal but patriotic. Whatever aid we can afford the Federate Government should be offered liberally, promptly, ungrudgingly. The perpetuity of the Government in at stake. Maryland wishes to do her whole doty, and her loy al sons have placed her honor in your keeping. I know you will not betray that trust May Heaven directly you labors, aod may the day be not for distant when this parricidal war shall cease ; when, in peace, the morning son ehalftpld the bright folds I of our again proudly floating in eve-! ry State of a newly and more strongly ce mented Union! Tuos. H. Hicks. ■- ■ Skixurk of Costbabasd Articles.— On Saturday last a posse of police offi cers visited tbe steamer George Weems, at the foot of Frederic street dock, aod proceeded in the steamer as for as Fort McHenry, where the searched reveral pee ; aengere. Upon the person of n young lady there was found about twenty pounds of sewing silk, of different colors, and a Urge quantity of pins, needles, Ac.— I There was also found upon a hoy about thirty pounds of quinine sewed between the lining of bis clothing. Behind the buck of a sofa, in the saloon, there woo found nearly half a bushel of letters, which j were addressed to parties in St. Mary’* j county. Maryland. The different articles were taken pen ! session of aod the parties released, after which the heat pro waded no her trip. The | young lady, who was extremely hand ; mnm. refhaed to give her name, hot ata . tad that the artieUs found open her were : not Intended for a Southern market it iis expected tbet Provost Marshal Bags will forward the seised articles to ihmr original deetinaiioa in a few dnya. Since writing the above we hat Warned thal there were so the boil muW om hnM and twenty ptnm, all ef wham, with tbe exception ef the above mm Udy. expressed a wOUmcM to undergo tbe Ktreftiag process. We mmtiom h* mall penene who Uk. pasge * rT"jiiril ||a traUad my from tbit city, end umu tbe large iaUr on beard on tbe lady who was searched wm. toToali 00l v one wbo dared to place tbe in danger of beiag oenmeatod. Tbe M* lowing articles wen found upon tbe Ur. a bearv beimoral ekirt baring miM bond* for tbe ebonlden of tbe wamur. lined with tewing silk. Out of rmitej tbe ekirt was weighed, and found teuton jn*t thirty-five pounds. Quite a land that for a young lady to walk with. Tbe quinine found upon tbe pereon of tbe boy was plaeed in a contrivance re sembling an nndersbirt. A portion of tbe letters seised were addressed tTparte m siding in different parts of Virginia. Two mwlin bags, so constructed ee to bo wum bv a lady, and filled with stockings. dices, pins, thread end itnmoa other nr* tides, were found in tbe yawl bent ef tbe steamer. The bog* bed evidently ben placed there in e berry by tbe owner, as the strings onou them wars broken, indi- SaisSr *- R The residents of 8i Mary's and other counties, end o*t wZm, eeeimj uve in preventing contraband utricles from dere from tbe Ooverument. the eitbene of %ssagssA%*at ••ere differ, Tnoe Cocmaeu.—For e men to sev hbeerf is testable of just aeab* •wd as to say that, from a pecußnrity ef ocuoliltoMn, when dipped In water/be does not gut wet. Twa/bumna being*, whoever you may be, when you vtotedfli 'ttasi “ JJSi’swyßß know bow the mental machine mas^||Bßi nnlcse it be diseased. Now tbe fnl man admits ell ibis—be admits that u bullet through bis brain would be • vrrv serious thing for bimaelf, and likewise fi hit wife and children-—be ndmili be shrinks from sueb a prospect—be will take pains to protect himself from tbs risk, but be says that if duty requirss him to run the risk, be will run U/ This £ tbe courage of tbe civilised man. as an posed to the blind, bull-dew : of tbe savage. This is the existence of danger, but to foes is nevertheless. ■ i T" H" Btornia n Yimou.— VZ*£Z*Z£ n ’ r ° mi ~ , - ot *•*" <*VirfO., KquS Mewure, to be prsamtod to w rrnim - Mr. Cameron's report The aSrfcr of Washington, hteXeLf '—the agreement of tbe threepntou labs fcrtsssf -jl s ;~S •• tarm Mirrln* fc M . eernd—VirgiuU kenafter i, UmM Stibftgb trLStf £ by the Bloc Rite, south by North Caro- Una, end east by the Obomueuke; sad Delaware, bounded an the am bv ak* Atlantic and on tbe west by ibe Cbee apwke, takes instant rank as a big State Tbis beautiful map-making is todmed off by tbe retrocession to the Federal Gov ernment of that portion of tbe Dimton#- Columbia abandoned to rinsmv L* . •Umh Coupe*. Kichmood SoJX I *}"*'*“<* A6CO " Iwac of H me, a Delaware county. Petticoat.—A novelty in pelli coats has recently been adopted amoo* fashionables. For all but dress the white petticoat has been dinurliil for one of alpeea; and these have a gmat ad vantage of tbe linen or cotton ones, lane much as they are lighter sad ds net te their stiffness. Of conns it fo necemerv •Jttira-aasj! <WgM up at tW aid* to aha* tkio ■>. dtrpMMMI. WIMK it i. DO( T r Wfi’AS X^Z 7^ M3T Gleet men never rriß It b "•'J.* 4 * yj CgfcukwM ko uu ,T~ r***— b oly awk and bumble. M3T A yTmee aeked a peasant whet P* rt be performed In the great drama of ll! * /* ***d my ova business," wee . w I”"**" 6*Ump by gift*. When tbn. obtained, they are *°at vs soon a* \ou stop paveicut. NCN*: