Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, January 16, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated January 16, 1862 Page 1
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- ~umm ft l mm TwiAt £t 3Ps£j| S PtfVCQIK* * g == n .r I ■ ■ , ■ Jfr T*" - 1 m 1 Ti —■ —— --a. -■ —-.- ■ ■<■-■.■""■ -l. i- --- ■■■ ■rjlin^—3,— — _ - r>EVOTEDTO LITERATURE. NEWS. AOmCTJimrmC AND dENERAL INTEKI.IOF.NCE. vql. xvm. SAMI MARTS BEARBN is raujuiiD irm tuiudat bt J.7.XDTO. ft JAMES fi. BOWES. Terms or Subscription. —sl.sd>p*r aa bqm. to be paid within six months. No subscription will be received for r shorter period than six months, and no paper be discontinued until si arrearages asw paid, except at the opdon of the publishers. Terms or Advertising.— ll per square for the first insertion, and 25 ets. for! every subsequent insertion. Twelve lines! of less constitute a square If the number, or insertions he not marked on the adver- j tiaement. It will be published until forbid, and charged aeoordinglj. A liberal de- j duet km made to those who advertise by 1 the rear. (For the Reams.) “ST XASTLAVD.” BT BAmira JOVU. Land l old story and alder tong. Re faithful and be Far your rouniry and your ancient law Your bright blade to draw. With freemen *r heart and might And God defend the right. My Maryland. Land of aneient legend and lays, Hn;ht a -e mentnriea of your historic days— Fling your starry banner to the sky. Lift your sword on high ; Your airea of time long gone ’* With Godfrey waled Jerusalem And died for Clmatat Aaraloa. My Maryland! Reside this blue stream, Your Pilgrim eirea From England *m ide Reared Calvert’■ monnmenlai pile— That pile has rrumldcd, lint the river fl we, A* the bright akv gloa-a, ••Sie s<wiper” vobiscttm. My Maryland ! | la thia dark and faarf il hour Of armed rebellion noarer, I.ef not your aona in Imttle cower— •• Right point and charge** For aneient law and covenant, Yaer kingdom and crown— Utflumatfs nod.iobcb dwa. The field ic all our own. I My Maryland! < You trembled beneath treason’s spell, You aloud at the gates of Hell ; I \ Ti niton, taught from Caialine. “Success is virtue—defeat ia crime ,*’ j ; Knarea preached “pence “* —fool, to belie ; Noar, ye traitors and imbeeilca all, Take a line from Mwhisvelli • Parefe res# deltUi det/Mi lotli argli slmti." From the Lunch** Athentrum. i Capt- Maury oa Amviosn Attaint The intellectual voices of Amariea have 1 scarcely yet been heard on the great ques tion of Secession and Civil War. Theta questions having suddenly acquired for Muraclvcs a deep and mournful interest, readers will he glad to hear the opinion of a scientific man who Is Bobber s partisan ‘ nor a politician. Capt. Maury's views are expressed in a letter la Bom-Admiral Fits Koy, but they are ia foot addressed to the scientific men of England:— Rumsons, Virginia. My Dear Admiral: —Sac* this mfirt* I oua war was forced upon as, asy hands have been busy ia praparing for it; aad I i have not had cither tha time or the upper- i tuniiy it* let my friends and former follow- I laborers on your side o* the water know i what ia become of ms. My country ares i torn; the Union was fon*; a Dumber af I States had renounced it. In this break- t iug up of our ouoe happy aad great Be- i public, it became ms to take sides. The rith of right and duty was clear; and bora j am. Pray. now. my friead, bear with me. i while from the Southern stand-point. I ( explain te you the real nature of those t influences which hare led to this early din-. < ruption of (he American Union:—Yoa 1 1 recollect that I told you whoa ia Loudos J last November, when these difteultbs were 1 just beginning to loom up abroad, that all \ the right was on oar ado. You could not 1 understand it then, for your Information i was derived chiefly through ths Northern I press. Few people in England, I believe, | ever read a Southern newspaper; led astray 1 1 by the apparently just, hut really eae- i aided statemcn s aad torch jags ef the t Northern proas, your people ware iaftnsd tu look upon our trsublos ami Ibo sons- I pbiato of the South mosoly as foe amply I ravings of a political party that bad bona I turned out of power The Snath, by some means, il was bold, rulod the G*#v- J amiaout frHa the beginning; il bad larded i baring its pit bum worn out, bod. by t eoustitutiunal at wans, taken the power into its owu bonds, Man South was Ntaply noting the part of a spotted uhttd. in the c •omgf * hoy. who Usd hmu allowed tab play with a borrowed say until he M ud a it his own, and who. whan at hat il was •|j taken away aad reel*wed to ite rifisfid. s owner, disturbed the family with hia;n ekildbb ravings Stack seemed to hoj the liglil in which tin* aflatr was looked k upon generally in Eailmd and ua the o Continent—aad auoh evidently was the v light in which (hv Yankee proas held it U -- .-■ ■ . r .. r -.,- , _ ... *. LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY MORNING _ ~ '*• " W ~ ’ • • - - * ■■ ■ - •T *• Snifa tWw. Bat lb. ml <KS ■V ■•••* inotker art; all Am •soars out of wbaoh is has apuag are old povtty pstttiaal; they have beau cumula tive. New are manufoc masl ps^aalTisTfiTwsiUy wns tbo agricultural labor if the South. Your ; swu somsusrcial sUtiatias prove Ibis, for ! •haw that about tbree-fourtbs af Ike • —Seual exports consisted of sgrkulturnl i pr*dn*lr of the South, j Hors then were two Motions of the country so invested with physical osudi i Snus, that labor ia the field was very un profitable in one; vary profitable and high ly remunerative in the other. Yielding to those condition* the laboring man of ft# North, to earn a living, found it ea sier te gs te sen than starve si home; while bis follow at the South found it 0%- rior to gather “enough aad to spare” from tbo teeming soil sad genial climate of bis own sonny South. Therefore, at the for mattea of tbo Government the two sec tion* presented themselves, one as sen fearing. with fishing as its ehiefoeenpa ' tien; the other as agrieultnral. j Hut soon the Yankees came np with i representations of this sort Fishing b s poor business, said they; it dosen’t pay; but ishiug ought to be encouraged for na tional purposes, therefore, let ua not only protect Yankee-caught fish ia ur market* against the fish caught by the BaglisL, Dutch aad French, but let ns give tho Now Englander* a bounty on all fish that 1 they can caleh. U other arords, let us i (ax thb agricultural business of the South whies is so profitable, for the benefit of onr fishermen, whose business if left to i itself won’t pay. Aad so annually large sums of money were taken diieetly out 1 of tho common treasury, ostensibly, but •rigiaslly and really from the pocket* of < tho Southern planter, to pay tho New I Hog Under* for catching fish for their own i usee. Thb went on many years under < that them fiWbe wove n Burst- l msu were fostered ia such a nursery, the i ****•■. it erne said, eoald not-have a navy. < Unt when it was obvious that wo could I got seamen in abundance without drawing I upon any sueh nursery, the South sought. • hut the North steadily and persistently < refused, their assent to a repeal of the 1 Fishing-bounty Act. , Tbo South held that in the eyas of the i Federal Government all eitbeas were equal, that all the States stood on tho < same footing, that tho Union wns form- i od. not for individual, but for the common i ***** Congress had no right to \ tax any ettinen or cU*a of oitisoaa for the i benefit of another. The Federal compact ' required foxes lobe equal, and all eili iens, labors sad industry to be taxed i aUke. It was as much the duty of Con- < greea to foster, encourage ami piwteet i the industry of South Carolina as of \ Maaaaahuarfcta—of one Slafo as of another i Sueh was tho Southern doctrine, aad such < were the teachings of tho Fathers. But ( the country went on growing and pros- t poring, and there was simply from the ( South a protest against thb heresy. i . la WI2. te peotesi Northern i interests, and to vindicate tho eumsMirebl i rights of New Buglaod—for the South 1 had neither ship* to bo searched nor son- I men to bo impressed—we went te War ( with old England. Tho Now England I' States ignobly hacked out of that war. i sad left the others to bear the brant of 1 it. , p*—o there aroM n school of i prilseliinbts—men who nnwbcly said.' I **Lsl ua not depend upon John 801 l any 1 1 more for anything whatever; Ist ns banco- * j forward do our own mnnufocturing. our I own firtchlag and carrying. Bui. to t cuablo ua to da those, wo must encourage and protect tbo work abops aad artisans of t And -too agricultural I labor of Ups South is so very profitable, i wo mv charge it with tbo support of tbb I New England interest also. They bare I • stood aaaual bounties te our fisbermou for years, and wo W they will stand; t protection for awbiw.* Political Econo- i mtau may say wbat they will, but leg- I islato and theorise as they may. they a osuuol without robbery make any braaeb a of labor profitabU which b art self-ana- fc taiaiag; to make sueh industry profits ftjftt.-s.Ti'Sssd: af those whose buriaomb aelf swaf iaiag. ( a Bui posteotlou in tbb wampus, (bey ami, u was only required to art thb maaufootwr- h iug buaiavM in New Eagfaml on Ht logs; o that it would be aids to stand alone, p wbu tbo po'T of promotion might bo ft withdrawn. So Ibo South yielded, and b unseated again to bo taxed; but, tbb - feu*, tbo tax was under Ike font a tariS, n Ml of a bounty, though in tbo end it woo 1 ibo sums, for n bod is bo paid by Mm self- v< m I iabta labor of ibo oooutry. sad tbat tl ran abbiy at ibo Souib. in Nov Engfoudars ait prsmsoblally sharp, j tom seal • •cute;** so bovhig oust tasted te 4 the trraaury pap through euaaiagly-de- ift 'bad tarifif bills, they soon discovered tl bat booty expenditures from the Fodor- jpt i m . ** 9 • •I truaanry mid ursaritate high torift; •k* tWf vtki fir it lfvanal|v' fcrltfC* Mtewfwtiw T# craTZ tnhßehsd MTj-virdi vhm ihey van Ml t hoy MM Ml •f tills aorl; wkila tkt vkk IsAtni MMtftom ike Cap- of Virginia ell ike waj round to ike mouth ef the Bk> ®ro4e, ie Tens, was but hodly fighted, though the navigation along Ike Bemik era Bin ie moat diffeult and dangerous. There a also along ike Seatkcra coast a half-finished krlifntmi ken and ikere, aad ( as for a navy-yard, tkere is Mi ess which there could he fooad nay ef the asnsl facilities either far building or re> peiriag; aad aeitker of these eparationo could he performed except for dookle cost. As for lighthouses, compare those of the Florida coast with those of Now England, sad y will hotter appreciate the force of those remarks. Fray look at this somewhat attentively, for it is om of the petals of difficulty in the quarrel, that as aot apt to be perceived by one outsail the national family circle. Though neither the sole aor the chief cause, it is. neverthele—, one of the taaay aggravating influent— wbieh helped to make it. Along dm coast of the Northern Stales and with in the distance of about 250 miles, they have no less than four magnificent dock yards, where millions cf public money are annually expended. But along the South ern cosat from Cape Halter— to ike Bio Grande, a distance of nearly 2.000 mil—, ike South has but one navy-yard, and that only in name, for m vessel has sver bsea repairsd tbsre; and far building, though it has been eetahliahed about forty yeora, the lint vernal constructed there h- yet to be eommuaioued into service. In ease ef dieaeter to a man-of-war in the Gulf ef Mexico or the Weal Indies, she haa to go to n Northern ship-yard to ho repaired aad paid off. This is only anoth er one of the many ’eute little Yankee tricka lb which the Northerners hove re rotted to got tke puhtte mens? dishorned among them. As s rule, the greet mam of the public expenditures were made in the North, aot in the South, dint the South runs found themselves doubly taxed —taxed first for the benefit of the North ern manufactures, and then, in the die bur—msnt of the public funds, denied an equal participation in the benefit! accru ing therefrom. Thus festered, pampered aad petted, the Northerners began to think them —lv altogether superior to the South rons, for, said they, “look at our dap ping Md commerce, behold the beauty mud magnificence of cur cities, mark our workshops and railways, contra— them with the Uka at the South, and then any if the— are not the evidences of a differ ent and a better people, the indications ef n superior race 7’ With this they took up the notion that tkoy could not aaaoci atc with us iu the common territories be cause sf our slaves. We held slaves when they tough! car alliance. They know that, for they kidnapped them in Africa, they aad the Kuglbh brought them over b then ships and —ld them to us. •*.[ notwithstanding this agreement, the Con stitution and their obligations under it. they announced a “higher law,** and pro nett need their agreement with under the Constitution “a covenant with hell.” Will the—people keep frith any belter with money-lenders when debts pinch? With this temper in the Northern heart and mind the Federal Government frond itself seised with n vast extent of unpeo plod lands, the common property alike of all kbo States. Much of it had b— given to the Federal Government hy tne So—horn States far the benefit cf the Commonwealth; some ef it had been ac quired from the Indians by treaty and ( purchase,—and son— had been fa—k from France, Spain and Mexico,—k— all w— paid for out of the common treasury. , Into (he— territories the North now in- I siated that the Southerners should net mm ( aaless they left their afrvee behind. To < this the B**uth said “nay,” frr, , we, the— lands belong mask to uo i te you; they are the common —on—tv t Jl tk. Bu im tk. Mnl J wly the trustee in ike nutter; it is hound I kemauoge them forth good ef the j Iks hoars. Lock tke dead aaTfilk I wd cotistitutioa, and yon will a— that i wa have the same right to go end settle i ■poo th-e laoda with e- aervante as you I bnto with your “helps" and nppreutae—. i 1 imriod doctrine of a law mo— sacred and a M—ng than oath on the Holy Kvangdy a —ond toff us that our ala vis if carried—to i l territory would he degrading to them. I n—e by mere frr— sf aam hors they t roied us out of our lands, sad appropi!!l—[ hem to speoulstion and their owa pur-a ►OS' S. j j The— pdfit lands, instead ef n hlussing g o ike Governse—. have proved n ensue;! hey haau had mere —do in beets—ng on • I

he present unhappy sUte of afeira than 1 1 -iplo generally are aware. They have * a mrwtoffßl abroad, who, with their money. "■Mjptefy and tkair policy, i—parted * ptegram In wonhh and Mpnlgß whack aatoabhed the world. \ .ponph with notional vain b# country an -1 MmWmm t n-ri-fiaD afro. Mil am ffrfLff Mf’ff-nfiao * mi w piffllll SWa* IN govern—ent and to Yanieo enterprises. The— emigrants, with their votes, have elten turned eleetioos. Before they had oo—o to nndii—inJ our institutions, their to—s k— had eon trolling influences with the Oofsra—eat. The public lauds have caused the frll sf the Republie while yet b the vigor ef youth, by means cf the policy which, within the last thirty years, has been pursued with regard to them. Op In that time, the practice was to or gani— the— slowly bto territories, to ad -it the— sparingly into market, and so to rsgalale the settling of them up as to prepare for their reception into the Union in pairs one Stale with slavery and one State withe— slavery, always together. This was done until the number of Slat had beau beretsed from thirteen to thir ty. and the Union consisted of fifteen States with aad fifteen States without slavery. The reason frr this practice is obvious. It it found b this considerationla the Senate, every Stele was entitled to two r——, aad no more.—though the free Steles, by virtue of this land policy, and consequent more rapid increase of their population, had acquired tbs ascendency in the Lower House; yet, long as they were equal b the Senate, it w— impossi ble for cue a—tiou to combine for un friendly legislation against the other, for all laws required for their passage con current majorities in each House. The House might be unanimously in favor of a me—ore. yet it fails to become a law if there he in the Senate even a majority of 1 against it. usMnl Washington, in his virtue and wisdom, had warned the people against be dangers of dividing tbs country geo graphically into sections. They might kwt the— were irrespective ef parallels of latitiide, isothermal Hu— or the “peculiar institution.” A division of parti— by geographies) Hu—, if it should take place, would, the fothers of tke Republic aaw. be mo- liable to take plaee on the Slave ry Question. Hence, for two generations the policy was religiously adopted, and rigidly pursued, of equalizing the num ber of Free and Slave States, and pre serving that equality in one branch of the legislature. The law also forbad at least the immigration of slaveholders, with their •Urei. fr— Br—il. South America. Cuba. Jamaeia aud elsewhere; but it encouraged be immigration of free white persons from nil parts of ike world. UtfAer tke— lews, the Free States in creased b population more rapidly than tkt Slave States; for the emigrants gene sulKr, bring anti-slavery in their opinions, preferred to' settle in the Free States.— Therefore, the growth of the— b popula tion was greatly assisted by the tide of new-comers from 'Europe, while that of tke SUve States w— left to its own natu ral bare as*. Ynl, nevertheless, Cougt—a. j until n quarter of a century hack, was | slow to organise now territories on the an ti-slavery side of 3S° 30'. or to open up the lands in the— for settlement; and in —drr to preserve this equality of numbers between the Stales- -pro and anti-slavery -—the public lends were brought so spar ingly into market that the receipts there- \ from ware not more than sufficient to nay the expens— thereof. Such was the e—e I until about thirty yean ago. About that 1 time, and b an evil hour, this wise policy was abandoned, and the people were tempted 'by the Government out into •mu of Speculation upon the public buds euek as the world never aaw. Under it, bo lowa of naturalisation we— relaxed.— i Ireland wife drained ef her bsnase. aad off Kora pa was initiated, persuaded and * tempted toseme and kelp us to subdue.! •oflqflr eed replenish the magnificent wH- j o—woso ef America. In a single year the sake ef be pk)b lands, which hod sever ! ITfcM STamT* f 3^* 0 * 0 ® 0 - *** P te f 20.000.060. Laud scrip and war raols we—dispensed like waste pup—.—, Ml— s weeksb war kad land for""a given to kirn. Borides bounty lands to \ the —ldle and miWs sf every war, do- j sat ions ef publb lands, by —fit— of* acv— b the single grant, worn made to * be new States. givfn to individuals and iinrpanilik—a, to aid in the const rue-! taen ef railweys end canals end a variety; of ether esterpriseo. Uampeniss for the 1 sale of the— lands wore farmed an both rid— ef the Atlantic. Drummers, to best ■ lip purehtss—, we— out into all parts uf Kuropn. limrubg to tkrir represents- j Hens, and yielding to temptatisn. a throne sf living ssnle. —h an sae been rarrif; seen, Mo put m motion for tke wbia of Amen— Ac of the Mis —sippi sshe—e were —rinsed. j, Buekn tide ef enrig—e soon swel lod lbs population sf the new territory; te the numb— required to entitle it to —e represcttteUw b be popiaW bcsuvli • i Cong—. Thereupon the new terri -1 tery w— admitted bto tke Union n , i free, sovereign and independent State; ift 11 nas. consequently received bio tke Sen- I j tee upon an equality to votes and . ; political powet with the oldest and most -jpopulous sf ths original States. In stead sf dividing tkii ftw tenitery s . I forge; eonseqnsnliy, ths baba— of paw el in the Senate could not be maiatob l,ed long and— the stream of b-flswing r population from nbrsnd, nor could it i last u moment after parti— had arrnog e ed themariv— according to aecttooal t lb—. As soon this balance w— dee • troved, the i—ue w— made; and with . eighteen Fr— States, ms they are ealled. . ito fifteen that recognised African slave - ry. Lincoln, at the head of a sectional -.party, was brought bto power regularly. > according to the forms of the Cunstitu > tiou, hut upon a platform entirely subver- II rive of it. Thus the land policy hasten e I d tlaw destruction of the Union, by un | wisely calling into play politicsl powers i that were bound to throw 'be Federal • machinery out of adjustment. Nor is i | this all; it led political economists into t j error, and induced ths world to a—ribc jto the so-called “indomitable cnergy and I onterpri— of the New England . people” s j what, in the reclaiming of a wilderness. • belongs really to a boat of European i emigrants. • • 1 The Northern Congress has imp—ed ’i a dir—t tax upon iu people of $30,- r ; 000,0(10. Our Congress has taxed us r | $20,000,000 to pay' principal and interest on our debt. We at the South ■ cheerfully and willingly submit to this ’ tax, and every cent of it will be prompt ■ly paid. Bat, mark my word, tke ! Northern people will be alow to put f bcir bands into bcir pockets for bis r “rail-splitter,” as Abe Lbeola is —lied, f Nevertheless, he may squeeze a portion this tax ont of them, but if so, it i ’will be only a portion, and that will > come with such writhing*, grins and • protestations, that be will never attempt ! to “raise be wind” again by na| such ; process. But when the pinching time f —the pay day—do— come, will not the ' same motives which induced his people to proclaim a “higher'law.** and to de ; noun— certain provisions of the Consti | tutiun “n covenant with bell,” b | duec them to repudiate this debt, priu i cipal and interest, which he is now seek ’ ing to create fur his wicked purpose ? . 1 cannot but think so. Their frith was | pledged to stand by the Constitution; > j yet, the moment they felt the Coustitu-, lion operating as a restraint upon them, i they violated it. Will they be more foithfiri to their proud— to pay ? Will bey not, aft— the money ie borrowed saw spent, he mom likely to tarn upon the lenders and —y. “This debt was cr—ted hy a doubtful authority at best; it was created b the name of the Uni ted States, when the— w— ne longer any soeh Government; it w— created to support a war which the Constitution do— Hot recognize; all this w— known te you when you made the loan ? Thera fore, we won’t pay.” This debt, prin cipal and inter— t, the— Northern men I will repudiate altogether, for already the I war is beginning to be unpopular with I the mas*—. Enlist incuts go on slowly ;iu tbo North. The people are hanging back. It is worthy of remark, that al most every prison— we have token from them pref—s— himself to have been dc-! : erired. lie was entrapped bto this I jw. td if he is ever permitted to j kome again, he will for one keep ! fk* r *°y ■* or# ,ttc k scrap—. Such i is their language. But aft— the public laoda and the enor mous bflux of foreigners upon na had destroyed the checks and bulanc— of the Government, the —y of the “irrepressible ■ conflict” was raised b the North. Either, j said their leading hut deceitful statesmen, j we must overrun and overturn the bsti ' tutions of the South and root out elavery, the South will impose upon us its us i fro—. Upon this the North—u “Free I Slat—.” as they are called, combined —1 • Exceeding ns b number of States end : polls of people, they drew a geographical line, and formally divided the country into , sections—North and South. This aot, i lawfully determined, placed, according tot ; the forms of the tetilutisa, the whole I Federal machinery—Executive, f i riels • : rive and Judicial—b tke hands of a fmc ! tiou farmed ef beaded to-1 geth- for the purpose of making war apnu our rights, our property and our lib ertbs. The end and rim of that ComtStu tiou was | “establish justice, insure do- j 1 meteie tranquility, provide for the eons-' men defence, pc ••mote the general welfare, i and secure the blessbea M liberty to our- { mdveaand our pesteitiy.” The Fed—all machinery having frlWn into such hand*, j and tke Comtituiimt boring tkus wrought 1 1 m* a failure, my nokle, my gnlhml, my I native Stale, speaking through her propfr . b convention assembled, resolved to as- 1 •ert that prerioos right which, though in- i 1 alienable, and formally admitted te b 1 hy all the Stot—, yet. to prevent eiil. ate: had, by expr—s declaratiuii, | have al- j ruidy aho* n, reserved to Letswlf a Lett she, i i. A . XQ3 > fa* jssuml the Federal Cuoa. A* • fai right tu fa right to tithfat t from it. tfagb aotsearighty m imlm as* 1 Nnfrh *ifrNp|faau the mmj, : • M sight miiGoas of people ihricc tnuod. in that our quarrel Wjast. Figbt •. u that is precious to the heart and ts qiv ; {ilization. Our cause it hoi/ ; theirs, hel i Ush. Wt cannot, we will tot, be Subju gated. i The contrast is frequently drown by nor <M men between the conduct of the Kng i lith in the war of 1812 and the conduct of the horde* of Lincoln now. The English invaded us, hit respected the property i and regarded the righto of unarmed eiti seuM. The same counties bare been in vaded by Lincoln. He baa devastated and laid them wate, and for what ? Why, j simply to compel us'to submit to bis gov ernance. Suppose he should succeed. 1 would not success overturn the whole feb j ric of the Constitution T The Republic i was founded on the consent of the goveru- I ®d- Fading in tbi*; itls no fonger either I a Republic or any other AM* of • govern i- *ppt jhat has at its foundation the wilt of tbqeftpl. It is a tyranny. * We want nothing of the North. Wc ebapae not tu submit to Northern domination; we are fighting simply to bo let alone, and to be permitted ‘to govern ourselves in our own way. The South presents the remarkable | spectacle of an army having in its ranks ! the first men and best talents of the coun | try. To subdue or conquer such an army ia simply an impossibility, for its soldiers are fighting for all that makes life dear to them. I fight with a price upon tny bead and a baher around my neck. Nor I alone, hot every man. of mark or substance among us. .Lincoln's men are not made of such staff; for they arc for the mo* Crt mere hireling*, and their armies in ttle are strengthened by no such burnt, and moved by no swell fears ac those which inspire us. They talk of ro-ceosten*- tion of the government and a re-union of the poople. Simply, and in a few words, re-annexation te the Uritiah Crown is more possible. . 1 very much desire that the friends of free government in Europe ahoy Id be cor rectly informed as to the true stale of things with us; for your information be ing chiefly derived through our enemies, it is of course one-sided, and generally, also. H is not only erroneous, but wilfully t mendacious. The papers * the North ' that plead our cause, or dare tell the I *fnth about Ibis war. are suppressed by Lincoln's mere sir jmbeo. A large major ity of us. they would have you believe, arc opposed to and this war— having some ot the Western counties of this Htate. and a few ta Tlast Tennessee. I have never known the people to united upon any subject. The women, if possi ble, are wore enthusiastic than ijie men ; they arc of one mind ; and the clergy are aa earnest as'the women. Is the week the clergy are. of their own free will, drilling and being drilled to arms; their churches are given up to the woumh.. who, v itb ii<ctll<-a aid seaiag-m* chines, congregate there to make clutbing for the soldiers. On Sundays, from th j pulpit, the holiness of the war and the i righteousness of our canoe are prvueht d jto the people. In battles, you find cler j pymeu among the foreno-t of the fight.— j Wo have on our side a bishop for a g-ti ! end. holy divines for colonel*. uajd*. captains and soldier* in the ranks. Nrv vr was a people wore united and in earn est than our people of lb# Confederate States are at this motuctg. Yes. you have heard eorocfhiag toe of wouUrbcrequmngyou to rraounee your belief in physical geography, for that draws that within the Confederate Stales we have the finest of climates; onr lands art unsurpassed, ia fertility; we are a arr.zmg. amU forming, and a planting p<Miple. Educated fothe gout*. Inevsr raw a beggar until I entered t hi Navy and weal te New York. tiuefc is the hel ttaal abundance that the very few poor who are found aiming ns are provided far without calling on the proplc *for peer rates. Our Southern lews rcc>>gtrfs i. sush tax. The staples of Cssmpa are cm ton and rice; yet the Census shfwp she*. ******* to populate*. f ifarvia furnish** as mm b who* as New York—and New York * one of the wheat-growing States •f.the North, fftvvr have fa grain croi * of the South hm more abundant dw are. TVUeckade of our port** .d..iiiiug ki. U am w 'Vnt* w ‘,. h ****** “I S* w-wri. * •f lifo. It may rut f our rwrnfl of tea and cuff*. aOd the various TrSise of •uerchaadise that n fa, fa*. ?d to native from ahrmaT; Is* this darts not amount even ton privstam. for we submit to thvse tranuhs a sriMmial sad ' l*'- . r— • IWerKiil.,... h. 4., lm lift do that wil. > - 4.

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