m—r —— VOL. XYIII. SAIMT MARY’S BEACON utoiuwiD evert ticrirav it j.r mo. *jam a. Down Twnsoy Putaoumoii—sl.ss per aa* •|if l*M #n iw mwUhT Do *■ Sorter Teems of Adtertixieo.—Rl per square lor tbe first insertion.. sod 25 cts. for every subsequent insertion. Twelve lines of less constitute s square If the number or insertions be not marked on tbc adver tisement. it will be published until forbid, and charged accordingly. A liberal de duction made 10 those who advertise by |be rear. CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE. TU • extnt to wh eh circumstantial evi dence should lie accredited has ucfi r been properly defined by any f (he numerous writers upon law and jurisprudence, and thousands of instances upon record prove the impropriety , if not the absolute wick edness, of judging by evidence which cer tainly may appear to conduct opinion to one point, hut which still way be baaed upon a wrong foundation. The following anecdotes will prove interesting to our read* rs : About five o'clock one tnorniog, tbe bead of a man was found under an arch of tbe Houcbette bridge in Paris. The trunk of the body wsa afterwards dicover d in a sink in the Rue do la llouehetts. nnd the two lower extremities near the Pont Neuf. Subsequent inquiries led to the knowledge that tbs deceased was s mau by the name of Ramus, and that be bad b< en a soldier htely employed a* a j passenger iu the office of a receiver of the I taxes. The head and body being deposi ted at the Morgue, or the Dead House. • the medical examinarinw commenced, and at the very greatest length was the sub ject investigated. It will he impossible * 1 enter deeply into this scrutiny. Suffice iij to say. (hist from the (be carcfql and judi-, clous mode of procedure, the medical men | in this country would derive great ad van- j from its peru-al. The exterior ap peal au* e showed the deceased to be thirty, 1 ui thereabouts The • •uiitcnaitctf exhibited j not the slightest mark of suffering. There j was a slight wound upon the forehead, and t (he e were two or three s'ight bruises upon j ih: face, but no o;k r indication whatever \ of viulciuv u o i any p .rt of the b > ly. ! Tae u euiral nuu, on examinating the' manner in which d capitation and ampu- ■ titinn had he* n performed, came to the co iclusion (hat Hamas was killed during a eep. r*n i that sleep must have been pro- • ouced by ar <fi*ial uuut; that it was eith er the result of drunk ’'Dues*, or the effect <f sonic narco i--; that th- throat must have been rut, at.d an iiiimeiiM quantity of 1 lood lost ; that (he decapitation and the uiting off of (be liuiba must have been immediately performed by a person ac customed to uch operations cither on man or ou animals; that the instrument must ; have been sharply-edged and long, etcher such as is as d for amputation or the kitch-; en ; (hat he must have been a lisuruua J mmmt w W WN ■ VUI |> r#on, and that the murderer btciuie ner vous as he concluded his burrid act. The Mirgt oii* ti eta proceeded to the examine- ! tiou of the tutorial parts of the budy, ( which led them U pronounce that the uu- ; fortunate man had labor* d under no dis-i • at* which had a tendency to terminate I Ife suddenly ; th it death was solely pro* j • uce*l by the cutting of the throat; that ] tue contusions on the face were the results t • f the sod avnrs made, during the arnpu- j lat!on. to nrfirm it quickly: d that i death must hare taken place about three I oars Mi tiS deceased had bad w'mcal. — ! < His contents of the stomach were subject- t •d to analysts, and pronounced to contain t a small quantity of alcohol and of hydro- | cyanic ur pruerie acid, but ita precise t quantity ouuld not be determined About a three weeks afterwards the murderer was t arrest** — U f r**h*r, he dclivorod himself I up lo Justins $ fyr, learning that his son. frbo bid been lust sonreuticed to am! n r IV iiU ajK.thecary- at Paris. bad been taken m Oil itutpiciuii, be returned to pari*. basing previously left that rjly tor some distant f'ace. He cflftfoused to the Prefect of P ( - lH>e. after some hesitation, hie tone * and M niPH to‘factory m all those who I Were interested in the subject, to |nd how ' (i'.iuplete)y the opinio*, fires by medioidi men were borne out by the narrative of the |rton prbo Pommitted the deed. Jml previa to the death of Ramus. be had f frrp him toi*ra of brandy am) prair H*S' f •• al *4 bad murdered his r|eUu ea sily in the ttianorr in which the doeu mW in by the wdip*| • f era of the body h*d tod the public to e*r p*. Ambrose Qwinctt was hanged at Heal’ for the murder of a mn* aho merely djo* bPF* nd whoae body was not found f Circumstantial evidence certainly planted i at run ply to Gw|neif as the murderer; hut still it was not proved in the first instant* that a murder pud been ipally committed. Cornell and apulhcf mP, of (h pains of n,r*,4[?,:, -■ flrlk' T J -r. - - 'm ■ a„ —X * !!,■**■- Tn- r■.—■ -2. - -am. ~ —^=— x ir-.ir-.-i j ir,-xt-jmk-imt.'.-^tjjn. ■ > >srmiW|| DEVOTED TO LITERATURE. MEWS. AnWCJOWjMJ AMO GENERAL INTEIXIfIENCE. _. fHBVBP A M. vifiAl V> JL-# # LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY |RNING. JANUARY 30. 18U2. ———- • Collins, arrived together at on inn. in Dl. & vine* borrowed Coiling clasp koifo dosing sapper-time, in the presence of the waiter. On the following non a Collins vm miming. aml Gpinett besa meteo tbe stain, in the middle ef the night, costing up from the garden. Wood was found in (begnrden. and in tbc wditef tbs bkrnd was the clasp-knife, open. The tmsnw 4# Mood work hslfßn Sfdbwn to the pee side, nod there*; they ceased. Gwinett was moreover found to here Collins** parse, whieh the waiter had seen over night in Collins’s possession, in bis poeket. Gwlneti’s defence was, Unit be had received the puree, alter the waiter left the room on the preceding evening, in consequence of an arrangement that be (G winett) should be paymaster for them both; that he had gone down stairs in tbe night, for a certain purpose, to the garden; that his nnsc had bled dreadfully: that he had used the clasp-knife to raise the latch of the door, and bad dropped it in the dark; and that kc bad walked down to the sea-aide close by to wash his face and hands, and stop the bleeding at the nose with the cold salt-water. This tale was not believed; Gwinett was found guilty of murder, and hanged. But a sbipherd, passing by the gibbet a few hours after the execution, and while the | victim was hanging in chains, perceived, signs of life in him, and cut him down. Gwinett was recovered, and (he kind- j hearted shepherd seat him abroad. In a distant colony Gwinett met Mr. Collins, the very man for whose murder he had i been banged. An explanation immedi-1 atcly ensued. On the night in question ■ Collins had also gone down stairs to the I garden, and bad been carried off by a press-gang who passed along tbc sea-shore at the lime. He was convey ed to a boat, and in that transported to the tender-vessel lying in (he Downs; the vessel sailed next morning, and Col- i lins had beard nothing of the dilemma 1 if bis friend until they met as just de) ■eribed. .This anecdote. more powerfully than any other, bears strong testimony tg the truth of our assertions, that eircuiustao thd evidence can very miOmu in relied upon. *lt is, however/ argued that no one cvet dor a see another commit a mur der, and therefore no conviction ever can take place. This is a foolish argument, because there are many cases in which tbe guilt is made clear by evidence which can not be termed cimntutauftal in the sense in which we are now using the word. There arc many cases in which a dozen circumstances, all insignificant when con sidered separately, form a damning mass of evidence when taken collectively, and compose a chain which enables us to re cognise and (race, step by step, tbe pro gress of the culprit from his starting point of premeditation up to the execu tion of the crime itself. Human knowledge is not complete enough to enable us to put faith in cir cumstantial evidence. A man might be seen cowing away from a bay-stack near which be had been loitering all day. Shortly afterwards this hay-stack may blase forth Some years ago, and prob ably tt the present day. this man would be taken, and .hanged for arson. Aud yet the hay-stack may have been burnt without the intervention of any human agency, hut in consequence of a physical phenomenon now well understood—spon taneous combustion I A Frenchman was once tried upon a charge of muidesiug his wife by burning her, and tbe charge seemed to be supported by the fact that the accused was known to be in love with a beautiful girl, who was bis servant. Medical examination, however, after a considerable amount of patience, succeeded in proving that the woman had fallen a victim to spontaneous combustion. Many—many individuals have been executed, protesting their innocence with the apparent fervor which alone belongs; to innocence, until the drop was ready to j Slide away from beneath their feel, and ' they were trembling on the confines of mother world. It is to be feared that; hese asseverations of innocence have too | frequently been based upon truth; and | rhat mental pangs can equal those which uiiat he experienced by a jury whose ver- j Ijpt has deprived au innocent man of his ! wstenic i I Tna “bums" os dasva Rosa. —Tha • I New York Commercial copies the follow. I I iog from | private letter from an officer of thn Gaii hj|ttalmu : | ijrtar "*!*■ * **• MoubtoMe "Mf Wilson.** Ope of his officers was Wng tried by rourt.martial. I *.44 him! I was surprised to hear d any inswhevdi-i nalfop among hb people, as f had always heard them spoken of a* '‘lambs.** He laughed end said he knew Hfoy were often thus designated, and added “sows of’em ajnt.” fha officers at the poet aay it is fibsßfd to keep up such an ergauisafiion. I** speaking of the night altaek some weeks ago. when the “lambs** ran like 1 sheep to the fort. “BOV* smiled and tof he did not know now brave they* were outil received fhe Northern pa*i r n ; IWnMbtihM] owmnviaßMMr. tv wavs. ______ If Ew and Hies ware Ratals uvM, mglory make urn with pride.- Nor feat oursehrea at such nvM, Jhr* jo stt" the tide Were m their proud might, Our owe, our Rebel Washington. If traitors, fools and rogues and knavse With rebels are synonymous. Terms used by mercenary slaves, Hull, through all lime, well ever thus Right proudly cling to any name Which likes ns to that glorious son, Onr honored Rebel, Washington. And Maryland, old Maryland, Whose gallant sons were first to roll Back haughty England’s veteran baud, Onee meekly bent to tky control; Ah ! trmlors they who stigmatize The noble name which for them von The juatir.e they ao little prize. Our valiant Rebel, Washington. A people lived in day# gone by. Tossed to and fro without n guide. They cast their vote for God on high As Ruler in whom to confide. But soon their restless natures yearned An earthly king to rule instead, Jehovah their petitions spurned. Then granted them their chosen head. Why spurned He their petitions first 7 Hs knew a king would bind them strong; Why yielded he for better, worse 7 Because he deemed coercion wrong. Frail mao! in thy poor earthly seal Strive not God’s wisdom to card. Fur this the Almighty held it meet Tu sink an angel into Hell. And now a veil ol gloom hath spread Ls mantle o'er a nation’s fall. For fatal missiles swift have sped And leveled low its ancient wall; That wall by thee so proudly built To guard the rights of every son, Who wrought the evil, theirs tbe guilt. Our still loved Rebel, Washington. 1 1 OI! tardy a* a poet's dream Wart ihuu in early manhood's days, Thr beauty of each longue the theme With virtue’s eulogistic praise, i Naitoleoas, Caesars, kings of aid, .Gamfared with thee. Oh* what are they ? A genius thou of earthly mould j Whose fsandier know ro dull decay. i Onward! ferHWmm’a rights ? Hurrah ? . j Burst from thy tips in battle ry ! For freemen’s rights in peace or war, 1 j Those words with thee could never die. I see thy foes move round thee r.ow, I j I hear the di>iattl mingling dm I Beside some white capped in mintain Of loudly sounding eulveria. Thers, there* a snow white plume now wares i | Upon thy gallant crest so grand. While young Atlanus wildly rares And claims with thee thy just demand; 1 And like a guiding star that plume Now flouts amid the carnage dread, fen Thousand men press to consume The living o'er tea thousand dead. Each foeman *s rank, like works of frost, Melta fast before thine arms proud' sway. And England the great battle’s tost. While Washington has won the day. Weep earth! let tears of sorrow roll On this unhappy changeful shore ; Our Rebel’s gone! peace to his soul! And Union is alas ao more!' I The Treasury Vote Bill. The bill reported from tho committee of Ways sod Means in the House of Rcpre-! nonfatives on Wednesday, provides that,! for temporary purposes, the Secretary 0 f 1 (he Treasury is authorized to issue, on the* credit of the United States, one hundred ' millions of dollars of United States notes, j not bearing interest, payable to tbe bearer • at the Treasury, or at the office of the aW \ shnant Treasurer, in the city of New York, | at the pleasure of the United States, and : of suck denominations as he mav deem ex- 1 expedient, not less than five dollars each, j i and such notes, and all other JJiiited States • i notes, payable on demand, not bearing in- ! i terest heretofore authorized, shall b* re- ! i ceivable for all debts and demands due. to < the United States, and for all salaries, ; debts and demands owing by the United < ; Slates to individuals, corporations and pa* 1 j aoeiationa Within, the United States and J1 , shall also be lawful money and a legal ten- I tier in payment of all debts, publiqor private,' i within the United States, and* any holder j s of said United Staton notes depositing any 1 1 sum not lens than fifty dollars, or other ’ i than a multiple of fifty, with the treasurer j I of tbe United States, or either of the assis* j i hant treasurers or either of -the des-' 1 ignated depositories at Cincinnati or Bal- j I timore, shall receive in exchange therefor j 1 duplicate certificates of deposit, one of * which may be transmitted to tbe Secretary < of the Treasury, who shall thereupon is- t sue to the holder an equal amount in bonds a of the United States, coupon or registered, s ao way be desired, bearing interest at the \ s rate of * per cent., and redeemable at in the phM of the government after twen- j t tr years from date, or in sums not leas ; s tlian hundred dollars; fbr'tj •Hhish, If requested, die Secretary. if he f g expressed in the currently of agy (*rtgu ; b
eountry and payable there, and snob Uni- o ted Mates notes shall be reccircdthc same ll as ci.in, at tbeir par ralue. in pay went for 0 any bonds that nay W hereafter negotia-; ii ted by the Secretary of the Treasury, and it may be ra-iaaued from time to time aa the j exigencies of the public service may re- I b There shall he printed on tbe ‘ B States notea which maj weft • I * l •* tfc* payment of sU debts, 1 jrtaate . and is exchangeable the United States, bearing mtetP*-” To enable the wfyaWtnJlnelfttg debts# the r lifted. States, he is authorized to issue, on the I credit af the United States, coupon hoods, I | or registered bonds, to an amount not ex j Gnedina five hundred millions of dollars, i and redeemable at the pleasure of the gov i emaieot after twenty years from date, and at the rate of six per cent. ! : P<* annum, payable- setfti-annually; and j ■ the bonds herein authorised shall be of such ; denominations, not less than fifty dollars, as ! may be determined upon by the Secretary of the Treasury, or in sums not less than ! twenty-five hundred dollars, for which, if | requested, the secretary, if he deems it, expedient, may issue similar bonds, the i I principal and interest of which may be ex- i j pressed in the currency of any foreign • country and payable‘there! The secretary is authorized to issue the said bonds at their par \aluo, to any creditor or credi tors of the United States who mav elect ; to receive them in satisfaction of their de l mauds, provided that all such claims or ‘ I demands shall have been first audited and j J settled by the proper accounting officers of ; : the Treasury; and the Secretary of tho j i Treasury may also exchange suck bonds 1 j•* a > l "'i for lawful money of the United ; I States, or for any of the Treasury notes ! | that have been or may hereafter be issued , . under any former act of Congress, or that j ! may be issued under the provisions ot this j act. The United States notes and bonds authorized by this act, as those that have boMkheretofore authorised, shall be signed by the Treasurer of the United States, or for the Treasurer, by such persons as may he sjßsetilly appointed by the Secretary of thu Treasury for such purpose, and shall be countersigned by the ‘Register of the Treasury, or for tho Register, by such per sons as tho Secretary of the Treasury m*y specially appoiut for such purpose; aud suths pcovbioas of the set entitled the Iteuuof T*essT|.*e*r ' approved the 28d day of December. 1857, so far a they can be applied to this act, aad not inconsistent therewith, arc revived and re-enacted, and the sum of three hun dred thousand dollars is appropriated to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to carry the act into effect. From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 16. i The Romm Catholic Bishop of Western 1 Virginia. i We have heard from refugees from 1 W heeling most interesting accounts of a 1 scene which occurred some time since in 1 tbst rity, in which a venerable man with- 1 stood the rage of a brutal mob, and made , it cower before the presence of courageous j principle* and patriotism. Bishop Vvhe- ; lan. the Bishop of the Western Virginia * diocese of the Catholic .Church, resides * •tu that city* * He will be remembered by J ; many of our readers as the former Bishop | ;of the Catholic Church, ii| Richmond and the eastern diocese of* Virginia. He was r universally respected here by' all denomi- ,J Uiitiuns as a loomed and pious prelate, ® whib*t the rare benevuleuce aud- peculiar I 1 gentleness of bis character, and bis unaf- !' fected simplicity, yet dignity, made him 11 as much beloved as respected. W bare J seldom looked upon a countenance which | *! was so expressive of purity and gentleness. I J The murbtnu'ivcuess and propriety of hi. \ demeanor were the .subject of frequent j 1 comment among all cla*s?s of onr citizens. | and he devoted himaelf to hia pastoral du- j ties with the most entire abstinence from | * all matters*not* pertaining to bis sacred j * cabling. "' * ** I tl . Nevertheless, it was impossible for I ” even such a man to be an unmoved spec- i , lator of the recent events which threatened to involve the rights, liberty and We of all bis fellow-citizens. He bad too jiiVt an , idea of the theory of the American Con- ' stitution and tho federal system to blind l al his eyes to the gross perversion and out-', upon the character of American! I? liberty by *he Lincoln Government. He! ** was tod pure' and honest to profe s what ' T 1 be did not believe, and to acknowledge i Ol fealty wbeto be did not consider it due. j** Having undhubtiug faith in State rights. ci and no faith whatever in blaelc rt-fubli- • n caobm. he fait that his allegiance was' due i c< to Virginia, and not to Lincoln. Yet, i 3l although he bad silently and quietly put - j . tl sued the even tenor tf his way, be eras lusjH-cted of unsounduess on the great is- j•" nucf of the day. The mob of Wheeling. than which a grosser, more servile and be-*! V} sotted m*b cannot be found anywhere, re-! c * juired every wan to show his bands, and, gloated id the license given them by the ,4? despotism they served of violating the'.* 1 ' wncUty of dwellings they never presumed | to enter before, of arrairuibg their supers- ] >rs is those homes, while m monarchical Kngbud are castles which even the King j in mu not enter, and of insulting gentlemen ! “I n whose presence they always Mi their' sp nferiority and vulgarity. - wt Among the many sstimshls people who u| tecawe the object of their malignity was flishop Whelan. They rushed wildly to* hi the cathedral sad to the Bishop’s bouse j near it. and demanded that the United ; States flax should he hoisted on the I church. In response to their cbmor, the j Bishop soon mode kb appearance—a tall, ! spare-built old gentleman, with silvery j hair sad serene countenance—he stood | before them and listened to their demand. Undaunted; deliberately, yet firmly be | replied, in so beta ace. that be stood* before | them an old man, a citizen of Virginia , and. a Bishop of the Catholic Church. Personally and privately he entertained opinions differing entirely from those of the persons before him. He was a friend jof State rights, and acknowledged his j allegiance to Virginia. He was a Bi>hop of the Catholic Church, an institution uni- 1 versal iu its chancier, intended for all ! time, and independent of parties and po- ' liticai organizations. The banner of that | Church was the Cross of Christ—it knew ino other; that it would be improper to > ! place iu its stead the banner which that ' . multitude carried. Therefore be refused to yield to their demand. He was an old man with a short time to live, and but one ' against their hundreds; but before they 1 placed, their flag on that church they ' must pass over hia dead body. The mob was quiet, it cowered before | the earnest old Bishop, and went away. Death of the Hob- John Tyler i The Richmond Examiner states that the j : announcement of the death of ex*Prcsi- I i dent Tyler created great surprise in that city, as it was not generally known be was • indisposed. It adds: 1 Oa Sunday morning proceeding his j j death, Mr. Tyler came to the breakfast \ table, at the Exchange Hotel, as usual. While sipping a oup of tea he was seised with a sudden faintness, and on attempting to rise from hb chair fell to the floor. He was taken into the la dies* parlor, where be recovered, and was then conveyed to his chamber. Sev eral physicians were present, and came to the assistance of Mr. Tyler—among others. Dr. Crockett, Brown and Dr. Miller, the btter of whom assisted • hearing him out of the breakfast room. Dr. Fairfax was also called in by Mr. Ballard, the proprietor of the hotel. This sudden attack of illness was not supposed to be serious, and gave but! little alarm, as it was known that tbe deceased, at different periods of his life, had been the subject te revere attacks of vertigo. Hopes were indulged of his speedy recovery, and it was not doubt ed that be would get well until the night be died, when be was suddenly taken worse, aud failing rapidly, but without pain, died precisely al fifteen minutes past twelve o'clock on Friday night. | At the time of the decease of Mr. ' ] Tyler there were present in hb chain- j her Drs. Brown, Peachy and Miller. ( Mr. Josiah C. Wilson, of Charles City, < Mr. and Mrs. Ballard and Mrs. Robert ( Tyler aud child. These were (be wit- j nesses of hb last moments. Dr. Brown j bad been sent for, and on entering tbe j room Mr. Tyler said, * ‘Doctor, I am i dying/’ A few moments and he fell j off into the utter weakness preceding absolution. One of (he attending pbys- < i ieiaus approached the bedside with mud-1 r icine and said, “Mr. Tyler, let me give j you some stimulant.” "I will not have |fc it.” replied tbe dying sufferer, and in a' f few momenta quietly breathed his last, j r His last intelligible words was the reply ' n to the doctor. •' v "he remains of the deceased were on ' Sunday taken to the eapitu), where they , will' lie in state until removed for in-. ter men t. Three o’clock in the afternoon j the solemn ceremony of laying tbe re mains iu state was performed at the cap ilol, the body being disposed I j Lieut. Governor Montague. - Mr. Tsfbell, of tbe State •Senate, Mr. Bueock, member of Uongriss, the member* of Congress, nfi Virginia and of tbe House of Delegatus j it tend lug in procession. It b expected that the remains will; tie removed on Tuesday, after consult ing the wishes of Mrs. Tyler, who b at [irescut absent from the city, having left i >u Saturday. It b understood that a r uucrul sermon will be preached in this! rity, but the. details of time aud ar arguments are yet iu the hands of the wmmittcc of the Confederate Congress' md the Virginia Legislature. On Sa urday the bulls of the city were tolled ; n testimony of tbe public sorrow; all ’ he tbe lexis!atiru bodies were adjourn-! 4; and tbe digs over the capilol. the . m'olic offices and other buildings in the ‘ iity remained drooping at half-mast uu-. ler the wet and clouded skies of Satur by* and Sunday. On Monday el* queut . t)logics on the deceased were delivered in . Congress. j I| m Mtwiihing bow ‘toddj” promote* independence. Am old Philadelphia “knw." dajr or two aiuer, in • spiritual manner. u adviacd in a friendly woj. to mmmmmm, m "Sonr, woo going *‘Ctt it go op.** aai i old bottle m*e. **l kin got u “high* u Soar any day.” "* ..... -- •ST’ ‘ NO 5 Salt ior tub Tanoar.—Tw the* day*, when dfeeanev of the tkmt in M asmr % ftxwhm. mi m uny cum fetal. e feel it Mr doty. lo nj}'< feud i kr hdf of a simp!?, and whs* feta fen with u a mo* effectual preventative, if ft* ft poMurc core af aura thtaal. For m any v? wc hare been subject to wore throat, ami more particularly to a dry, hacking cough. which wm not only dyrirrwring to oursrl vre. bat. to bur frie ids and ‘tlioac with 'whom we were brought into bnsindss contact.— j Ha* Fall wc were induced to try what virtue there ww in common salt. We i commenced by using it three limes a day, I morning, noon and night. We dissolved : a large table-spoonful of table-salt iu about ' half a small tumbler of oold water. With this wc gurgled the throat i*wt thorough ly jtist before meal time. The result bus been that, (luring the entire winter, wo were not free from jthc usual coughs and colds, to which, as far as tur memory ex tends, we have always been subject, but • the dry, hacking cough bus entirely di j ppc*red. We attribute these satisfactory j result, to the use of the salt gargle, and Ido most cordially recommend a trial of it ( to those of our readers who are subject to j deceases of the throat. Many persons who j have never used salt gargle, having the | impression that jt is unpleasant. Such is .not the case. On the contrary, itispless- I ant, and, after a few day’s use. no person ’ who loves a nice, clean mouth, and a tirsi j rate sharpener of the appetite, will aban ; don it.—Fanner and Gardiner. j Novel Mouk of Cakrtino tux Mail.— i The following is'said to the plan bv which communicatiuu along the Potomac is occasionally effected between Marylan ders and Virginians: A large kite is made, and, instead of paper, is envered with oiled silk, so as to render it imperviurs to water. The tail is formed by folding letters or newspapers to gether, and tying them with a loop-knot, each letter, or perhaps two letters togeth er, forming a bob. When the tail is as heavy as (fee kite can etnmri nily beer up under, a cord long enough to reach about two-thirds of the way across tk<; river is attached, and the kite rais<.*d iu the air. After the kite has exhausted tho I string, or has reached a sufficient height, ■ the cord is cut, and the concern, gradual ly descending, is borne by the breeze to the Virginia shore, where the bobs aru taken off by those in waiting, and new ones for their sympathi|ing fri nds in Ma ryland tied on iu their stead. With the first favorable wind, back comes the kite to the Maryland shore, and vice verm. To tbx DowN-Hxixrrn.—Says Gray, of the Newburg iMtljf AW#;—“Cqpe, now be cheerful; if you cannot pay your debts immediately do the brtf you can, and pay them as you arc stir. “Cure killed a eat.” If you have nut fifty cents to luxu riate upon the delicacies of the season, ap propriate half the amount for something more lubvtantial and wholesome; *liio your wife, if you have one; if you hav* not kiss some pretty giil and marry her immediately—for act* of desperation frt uuently result happily and beneficially in their effects. If you have any children, romp with them ; if juu have not. romp with your neighbor s. Look upon ibe bright side of everything--put oh a cheer ful countenance—keep your u iud iu rim right trim, and if you find that yur native town will nut support you, pack up ami volunteer for the war- At all events, be Jiecrful.” fiooD Habits— Those, are four good bsbits—punctuality, accuracy, steadiness, iud dispatch. Without the fir.*! i*f there, time is wasted; without the second, mis takes the most hutlful to your own inur and that of others, may. be eomtitilted; without Ihe third, nothing can well la lone; and without the fourth opportunities if great advantage* af lost, which it is in possible to recall. Facts' in Unri.i. — Out of every thous and • in*ij, twenty of the tu die annually. The mtiiiint of inhabitants of a city df Cf.uuty in renewed every thirty years. The number of old men who die in cold weather as tu the number of (bone who die in warm weather, is sen'll to (**ur.,^J The proportion hi tween deaths' uf wu-' uien and lbi>£ *4 in-u is ICO In 10$. One-half uf tbuae who are bom die be fore they attain the ag. of>sevt;n.. As flowers never put on their hast cloth, a. for Sunday, hut wear sheir spotless rai|.. cut and cahalc their order ivery day, to 1 * J" Hie. fine from rt-i.., cver*Wfee furtli the f agranec of Ud. • • Oliver Wrmoeu. Hoimm says: -Our brains arc seventy year clocks. Tha an cel 1 4 life winds them up mice for H. he ehwes rhe dtw*r*. and gives the key Urtn the hands of the angel of R M rectum. ~ —— —--- -•- —. Why is eke lett r G like tke sun? Bn eautfv it is the centre *4 light.