Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, February 27, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated February 27, 1862 Page 1
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V()L. XVIII. SAINT MARY’S BEACON! i It rUULIniU> BVBftT TIICKBIUV IT 1. F. KIM. 4 JAMBB S. DOW**. j ——l Tkrms or Sewcßimo*.—sl.6# per u* ton. tW ]U within nx mouth#. Xoj traileri)*ti<iu will be wwi?hl for n shorter ’ ptrnxi than m mouth#, and no paper he j diMoiitinut d until allarrearage* ere paid, eui'pt at the option of the publishers. Tkrxs or AnvKKTinso.—sl per square for the first insertion, and 25 ctr. for ev ry subsequent iumrtion. Twelve lines ot h># constitute a square If the number or iMvrtinna lw not marked on the adver tie itout. it will In* published until forhid, and char pi d accordingly. A liberal de duction made to tuuse who advertise by he \er bokodino. r.v joh.n r abijott. On the 9th of May, 1812, Napoleon ] left l*:tris to join his prand army fur the invasion *t Russia. which was rendesvoued cl Dm*ieii, in JSaxonv, about six hundred milt h from Paris. lie remained in Dres den a tort night, preparing for the iautueuiw fU'njiaign belore Lin . In the foil- >wiug wottU he gave utterance, at that time, to 1 his peculiar ideas of destine : **l ft ei in\self impelled towards a go*] ! of which 1 am ignorant. The mo i litelit 1 have leached it. as Stull as l i am no longer of service, an atnu will ten suffice to put me down. But till' l ien all human effort will avail nothing ; gainst me. \\ in thrr 1 am in Palis or v iili the army is, than fore, quite iudif- j 1. rent' \\ hen my hour comes, a fever. , or a fall from my horse in hunting* will; bill incus tilt dually as a bulUt. Our j t'.iv< are numbered,” On tin* 12th of June the army reach- , ed the Niemeii, seven hundred miles be-, vmid Dresden. The enormous bust con- M*ted of uturly a million of men, in- 1 eluding tighty thomand cavalry, thir teen huudnd ami sixty-two plows of ar-! - ii>U ry, iweiov Uou>atid wsgane. and one bum]red and eighty-sirveu thoustnl hot- I hs. It was inidsuminer, and the we d’.-! ,r was superb A delay of three Jsyr' was allowed at the river for rcM v and; for the shaggier* to come up. In lhrc( great uivi>ins the army crossed the stream, at |Mdnis nearly one hundred! miles distant from each other, with orders to concentrate at Wiina, about unit hun dred miles Inryoiid. On the 28 1 hof June Napoleon mode a triumphal entry into this capital of! the polish providences of KttSSU. Tile Poles h ping that lie would ) mve, their deliverer, received km iu almost el delirium of joy. Then, was s delay of eigteeti days in Wiina. in rulleCtmc sup plier, and iu preparing for a march six hundred milis turtle r into the heart of one of the most powerful empires upon the globe. Alexander was concentrat ing his army in fortifications which he deemed impregnable on the northern banks of the Dwina, about two hundred and fifty miles beyond Wiina. Ten thousand b"r • had already perished, { and twenty-five thousand rick encum bered the hospital*. Almost at the same hour the various divisions of tbs army of Napoleon, traversing different roads. ! appeared on the banks of the Dwins near Witepsk. The Russians, alarmed at the formidable array, at it came pour ing dow i over the hills, retreated in the night. Napoleon was now nearly five j b .mired miles beyond the N emeu, andosyc I, he had met no foe* The Russians, as they retired, de-, Mroyed all the provisious and forage on! their line of march. Again Napoleon prcuwd forward one hundred Utiles to where he arrived on the Itiih of August. Around the walla of Ibis ’ strongly fortified town a terrific fight for' one day ensued. Iu the night the Bus-! sians again eommmsrtl their retreat. | having set fire to the Lawn in all qua:- teas, so that before morning it waa in ashes. “The spectacle,” said Napoleon, re- • aemlded that offcretl to the inhabitants of j Naples by an eruption of Vesuvius. Prom Smolensk to Moscow there was’ still required a weary march of five' huudnd miles. On the Sfith of August; NapoLuu resumed the pursuit, oeemmoa ally engaging the foe in abort and fiercej kkirmish, until the evening of the 4th of Sept* tuber, when he sat one hundred and seventy thousand Russians strongly eum netted, with five hu> ded eanmm in battery , on the hanks of the M*l ws, near the village of Iforodiuo. They ■ were nsw within a few miles of M< ■- j cew. Nap len had so Scattered his • army in garri-ons, up his lung line. f Mare . that ho had hut one hum r d i ami twenty thousand to lead against tbs' rum parts ot th* fie. The nig t w i Ida eu*u d was sold and dark r a >o a or xxlinff rain drenched the Weary artp.Tc Couriers tiom Fiance ar rived With heavy tidings i Sperling af- ; fairs ifi > The lou tof the bet-! tic to ensue waa doubtful, and an unus [ uol gloom ovcr-aduulvw-d the spirit id. p DEVOTED TO UTEKATUKE. NEWS. AORlC\w|jnE AND GENERAL INTEI,I,'IOENCE. LEONARD TOWN. ill).. TiIURSDA YfIpRNIKG. FEBRUARY 27. 1862. ! i '] Napoleon. In the evening a messenger i rnved bringing a letter from Marta Louisa, and a portrait of bis idolised son. Tfc: emperor placed the picture • on a chair, at the door of his tent, and invited the officer* and soldiers near to aee it. Groups of war-worn veterans j gathered around to gasa open (he pie i=ELJS?£2raaat‘- tee soon. lie rvYind for an hour to bis bed, but | ot to sleep. An aid, who had occasion . to speak to him. found him, sitting on his bed, with hi# face buried iu hie hands. “What is war,” said he, aadly. “It b j a trade of barbarians. The great art eon- ’ *bts iu being strongest on a given point. A g eat day is at baud. The battle will be a terrible one. 1 shall loc (treaty i thousand men.” With the first dawn ef light preparations were wade for a battle. Tnr aun rote without a cloud. “Behold,” said Napo • bon. a miling, “the sun of Austerlits ” Napoleon, surrounded by a few of bis staff, stood upon an eminence contemplat ing the field, where the vaafc Russian ! army was entrenched, when a battery was j opened u|*on him, and several shots whistled through the group. The onset immedi- i alely commenced, and a terrific pea! as of thunder burst over the plain. Three I hundred thousand men. with all the most 1 f-.nailable enginery of war. fill upon | each other. Front five in the morning j I until the middle of the afternoon the storm |of the Utile ragtd. The steed of JDa voust waa litterally toi n to pit o#s bc ! neath him by a caniiun-bail. and vet the Mtrshal rose from the du-t unharmed. '*God he praised, rxclaimed Napoleon, j wi*h fevor. General Rapp rrccivud four , wounds, and was struck on the hip by a ; ball which hurled him from his !um. lie ; ; was carried bleeding from the field. Na- ; • polcon gal bipod to the litter where the , wounded general lay, and taking him af i fretionately, by the baud, said. “Is it: always, then, your turn to be wounded This was his twenty-second wound. Count Augusta- Caulaincourt waited at 1 ! the side f the nnperor. Ni xt to hi- i throbbing heart was the miniature of lib i young ami b autiful bride, whom he had 1 left but a few days af'.cr their marriage, j 'He wa§ ordered to attack a redoubt. He : put spurs to bis horse, saying. “I will be , ! at the redoubt immediately, dead or alive. ’ He was the first to mount the parapet. ! A musket ball struck him and be fell dead. - | Thus all the day hmg tidings of victory ’ and death reached the ears of the empe ror. Silent and sad Napoleon watched ’ the fluctuations of the field, and guided i the tremendous energies of battle. The ; imperial guard of 20.0J0 wen he held iu ■ reserve. Bertbicr, at a moment when : I the army seemed very bard pressed, urged ! that they should be sent forward. ! **No,’’ said Napoleon, calmly; *'fhc | battle can be won without them. And I : what if (here should he another battle tu- I morrow T” i j. Again, when the result Rented treiu -1 bling in the ballauce, he was urged to; bring up the indomitable guard. Napo ; Icon quietly replied. ‘-The hour of this battle is not yet come. It will begiu iu ; two hours more. j Gradually the concentrating lines of i battle had met in and around the great ! . central Russian Redoubt. Mure tbu j one hundred thousand men here fought, ‘ . enveloped iu clouds of smoke. Nspol- 1 I eon gased calmly upon that Jterrihle vul- ; j cauo of lightnings and thundering* where i 1 bia troupe were struggling with energies 'almost superhuman. The terrible con , test waa soon ended, and the banners of ; France floated proudly over the gory , bastions. j The evening of the victory was not * one of exaltation. Forty three French 1 generals had been either killed or wound- i ed. Thirty thousand French soldiers ! , struck down by (he shot or sabers of the I ’ enemy. These were dreadful tiding* to !be conveyed to France. Fifty thousand Russiae soldiers were also strewn over the field, weltering in Uaad. The Hae siaus slowly • retracted towards Moscow, followed their by victorious yd not ex- 1 ultant foes. 1 A SAD STORY. | mrn .1 The following touching relation is an ’ } extract from private letter of Lieut, i Colonel Hawley, deled Tyhee Uaad. De- j uember 2ftih, and published in the Hart- 1 ford Prase: Poor Mph! De yen knew the Dotpla#. Aa five oaar yen ? Well their sen. who j b longs to Company D. got news that kb ! wife, (we ehlMsen aed abler had all died 1 f dlpthvria. Mow he cried poor ftdfow. ■ iWe ceefirted him-si) we SWUM. I spoke ofeanaedy to him when we nK, and h *ptd i >i.r -ai. i beard (he other dey that hw math r in I lea. Faambody aaafe is the tapper m t*b!a last night and called fir fit dacter to see a craxy man, and sown after a man ; i •aid that Dolph welded teens nm. 1 went; < to hie tent. TTwre we hfilT a desen ef i 1 hie eomtades (here. One dtom media >< !at nek in a huMk showed nm the rile# I stacked around the centre pofe- thu ear- i I '> . ,jl I fridgi boMD. bayonet* and knapsack*. The ground was covered with the splen did long mom they bad pulled from fib* lire oaks. Dolph sat squat upon th Sund, bit face and bands very dirty. Mr' era constantly pick tag something. bis.; y moving, bis bead turning wildly from j tins side to (be oilier, bis eyes dreadfully! iradb l Mlk lm ymr lui lie peered up toward my face. “Col. Hawley,*' said somebody “Yes," said be, “that w Colonel Haw- ■ ley,** and be took my band with a tight grip. “Col. Hawley, look at my poor! baby, my poor kick baby.” IleJiad a little pile of mou, and on it lay bis cartridge ex, carefully covered,' all but one edge of it, with his blanket.— ; That was bia baby 1 And be turned bis blanket dawn as tenderly ss if the cartridge | box weie a delicate little* baby. He spoke , brokenly ami at interval*, but with a 1 quick and mournful voice—“ Foot baby —both babies ak-k—ruter sick —(and he j pointed to vbeie be supposed they lay) 1 —poor baby—very sick. Give baby aoiuc water. And he leaned on one el bow and affectionately held a leaf up to the cartridge box, as if baby would drink, i He seemed te consider himself in his own home, and the family sick, but living, but I then he would ray : “Won’t Ist me go ! home—no—no-—no—(waiting a few tec- j ond* ) no—no—won’t let me go home i : his hands constantly fidgeting over some- ‘ thing. Then he considered them all deal, and h* by their graves. “■Sister;” and be la d hi* band down on one aide; “baby,” hands down again to mark cadi grave; • baby—wife*— uuJhrr. Oh, yes, mother • it dead—won't let me go h-due." 1 kept his hand ten minutes and sat down by him. and put my hand on his shoulder, and tried to compel him to Us- 1 ten. 1 told him his babies were happy , and kia mother was not dead, (Is site ?) ! and if be would be a good buy and sleep ■ and gt well he should go home. “Mother’s bore and saya she didn't get that money. You didn’t send it to her. “O. yes, I did. Dolph, here is the re ■ oil* f lb. eiprna compaoj. Sbe> .*■* , u now. iou told me to send it to nyr wife right there at Col. F *s, you know. Sha has got it before this tine.” I ! “Well—poor baby,”—and he pul' t “trees" over their graves, Ac. I had to work some time to get him to take some medicine—an opiate—but it had little -effect. “I’ve built six forts,” he said,! “mounted six cannon. I’m going to take down that fort to-morrow —that one over there—Pulaski, 1 mean.” i Four men were going to watch with ’ him—(the tears came into all our eyes,; ■ sometimes, I think.) sod I told them to; ' move out the rile* and bayonets. He | caught them at it and shouted. “Let my { , rifle alone I Give me my rifle.” And I let him take it, seeing it was not loaded. 1 and be went fortously to work cleaning it. ! Finally he passed it to me to “inspect," and • I slipped it away.. j I think it is the most aff*c iug case of ; insanity I ever saw. 1 couldn’t make him believe that we should send him home, but we shall. Tbe man take as good care i of him as they can. He has slept but an I j hour out of the last twenty-four, and is | ceaselessly active as a canary bird hop ping about in bis cage. He scut for me .again to-day, but he could nut confine bis ' attention "to anything. “Poor baby*' u bis principal remark, and be still (suds his ; cartridge box, "A soldier’s life i* always gay,” the songs saya. A aad story, isn't i it ? We hope his insanity is caused part ly by fever, aad if we can get him quietly sick with that, perhaps he will come out ‘ all right. If wot. I’ll see that be woes i straight to the Insane Retreat at Hartford.; ! aad with him money enough to keep him 1 awhile. The Lady mad the Sahber. * - - - la a large aad lonely house, situated ip j the sooth of England, there once lived a lady and her two maid servants. They ; were for away from all human habitations, i i bat they seeai ta have felt no fear, and to have dwell there peacefully and happily. • it was the lady’a custom to go round the; ’ boose with her maids every evening, to see that all the windows and doors were, properly secured. One night she had 1 accompanied them as usual, and ascertain- j ed that all was safe. They left her ia • the presage, dare to her room, and I then went to their own, which was C’ta at the other side of the house. Aa, lady opened her deer, she distinctly * ■ saw a man underneath her had. Whatj could aha dot Her servants were for away, and could net hoar for if she screamed for help, and cam if tfo*y had M le her aeamm. tfo ee three weak 1 housebreaker. How Ifol did she .act?, fibs trmffi i; in God. Quietly she closed j i tha dour, and locked it on the inside, which >fos was always in the habit of do- • 1 inf. J%e then leisurely brushed her hair, i

and putting on her dressing-grown, she | j took her Hilda and set dawn to read. She read aland, and abate a chapter which had peculiar reference to God's watchful-1 sen over re, and evtisuat acre of ns hv i j ' i ** M ■ she * n to* last; . . jsf! she was conscious that the man was stand ing ly her bedside ”He addressed her end begged her net to be alarmed. ‘I came here,’ said he. ‘to rub you, but after the word* you have read, .and the pray ers you have uttered, no power on earth J could induce me to hurt you, or to touch '* a tiling in your house. Ilul you must re- j main perfectly quiet, and not attempt to interfere with me; I shall now give a rig- 1 | nal to my companions, which they will understand, and then we will go away and you may sleep in peace, for I give you my solemn word that no one shall barm you. and not the smallest thing belonging to you shall be disturbed.’ lie then went to the window, opened it. and , whistled softly; returning to the lad}*’* side, (who had not spoken or moved) he said, ‘Now 1 am going. Vour prayer has been beard, and no disaster will be fall you.* He left the room, and all was quiet and the lady fell asleep, still upheld | by that calm and beautiful faith and trust. • When the morning dawned she awoke, we may fed sure that she poured out ( iier thanksgiving and praise to Him who had ‘defended her under bis wing*,” and ‘kept her safe under his feathers,* so that; she was not ‘afraid of any terror by \ night.’ The wan proved true to hi* word, and not a thing in the house had 1 been taken. Ob. shall we not hope that 1 his heart was changed from that day forth. I and that he forsook hi* evil course, and ’ cried to that Savior ‘who came to seek ’ and to save that which wae lop*and; even on the cross did not reject the jieuifieut thief. From (his ftue story Kt us learn to put our whole trust and con fidence in God. T’.is lady’s courage was indeed wonderful; ‘but tbe Lord was her it peued many years ago, and only cum | parattvely' recently did the lady hear any ■ more of hint. She was attending a reli gious meeting, where, after several noted clergymen and others had spoken, a man , 1 arose, stating that he was employed as one of tb? book-hawkers of the Society, and told the story of tbe midnight adven ture as a testimony to the wonderful pow er of the word uf God. He concluded with, *1 was* that man.’ The lady rose \ from Jut seat in tbe hall, and said quietly, i ; *lt is all quite true. I was the lady,* and *at down again. --r.Monthly l*ackrt. WHAT IS BLOOD. Thousand* of our readers, doubtless . have seen a person bled. They have' probably observed, afterwards, that it di- j I vide* into a thin watery fluid, and a thick j clot, a process which is called coagulation, j They have been told that, though the ab • sir action of a fsw ounces ia not very inju rious, nay is by many considered useful; in eases of fevers, the loss of any consid erable portion is followed by death. But' here their observation perhaps their curb , ssity, have ceased. Vet there are many who may have of- ! ten wondered what this blood can he, which is so necessary to existence. What are its constituents ?• In what way is it so ihdcspeusablc to life ? How much is there in a human body ? Is there much ■ waste,' and if so, bow is the waste repair o*l': Is ike blood all alike ? la tbe Mood ! uf a horse, i|og, or other mere animal. ! similar to that of a mas ? We shall an • *wcr these questions in order, beginning ( with the last i 1 The blood of a human being ia esven ; tially differ* ut from that uf any other aui- j , mal; and the blood of one animal differs from that of another. The blood of a | horse is poison in the veins of a dog. The blood of a sheen, transferred into a i cal, kills the sat. The blood of any aai- ; , * I,r H unc of its. own spfciea, forced \ iut* the veins of a man, brings paralysis and death. Science baa analysed wherein tbe blend of one animal varies from that * of another and has shown that what ex- 1 pccimeiit has revealed can also be demon- j btrated by physiology. Kveti in the same animal there are tan j kimk ut blood, one colled arterial, which j rushes frnn the heart, and the venous. ' which pours into the heart. The first: as bright scarlet, the last purple. The; first pusses into the smaller vessels, till, it reach** some under the skin a thou-; aand times finer than tbe finest needle’* point, the last flows from small into lar ger chin nr Is, till It empties iirelf, no‘ a huge stream, into the heart... The ar- ! terial blood is pure: the v -anus full uf wanted tissues. The oftce oft the lungs is cleanse the venous Moo 1, which is then - thrown ba *k into the heart, ami dktrvacJ* i propelled throughout the body. Thus ( i will be seen, a continual aartd'ami repair 4 goes on in the human body, of which waste afol repair the Uo-kI is the instru-’ •went’ ft has been .*rii?:aivd that, in - | , V iS- I ' Ihe course of a year, tbe arteries carry to the various tissue* not less than three thousand pounds weight uf nutritive mat ter, while the veins bring back to the ; heart aad lungs, la be respired from tbe ’ Uttar, as many threads weight of I wasted tissues. Both arterial and veil-1 ou* blond eastern oxygen ami carbonic *■ !—■■> mfoen m the eauntrary ' notwithstanding; but arterial blood con- ■ tains much the larger portion of oxygen. In their constituent*, the gasses excepted, • there is but little difference between arte rial and venous blood. In a mao of avenge weight, the quan ' tity uf blood is about ten pounds, flow 1 much of this can be extracted, without causing loss uf life, it ia difficult always to left;" In the medical books there is a •tatemeut of a hysterical woman, who was bled uuc thousand and twenty times in nineteen years. A young man. according I to Haller, was bled ><evcu pounds and a half daily for ten days, and yet survived, a : story almost incredible. The chief con stituent of blood is wwter, which forms' . one-eighth of the whole. Albumen en ters into its composition in the proportion ! of seventy parts to a thousand. Sugar. 1 suits, fat and cell matter compose the re mainder. the last in proportion of one hundred and thirty parts to a thousand. t These cell'or diets, as others call them, : are the most curious parts of the blood It would be idle to enter into an explanation : uf their com position, as scientific men; themselves arc not agreed upon the sub-, ject. Nor is it possible, in the present ' stage uf tinman knowledge, to tell how blood sustains lifu, except as an iustru- ■ incut and vehicle to carry on the repair, i 1 and remove the waste, which are iuuis | peusable to existence. THE HORSE HAIR. i In Professor Agassis'* interesting pa per on “Methods of .Study in Natural His tory,” the second uf the series, we find (hi* anecdote of an animal well known to all, the country boys: * A gentleman from Detroit hod the! : kindness to send me one of (Iiom: long, ‘ thread-like worms (Gordius) found often in brooks, and called Horse-II airs by the common ]>eople. Wht-ti I first received it, it was c. filed up in a dost; roll at tbe bottom of the bottle, filled with fresh wa-' , ter, that contained it, and looked mote like a little tangle of black sewing silk than anything else. Wishing to unwind it that i might examine its uutire L-tlgth.! I placed it in a large china basin filled j 1 with water, and proceeded very gently to - disentangle its c<>ils, when I perceived that . the animal had twistiMl itself around a bun- ■ die of its eggs, holding them last in a close ! embrace. In the process of unwinding.' the eggs dropped away and floated to a. little distance. Having finally atrctched H out to ita full length, perhaps h;df a * yard, I sat watching to see if this eingu- I ! lar being that looked like a long Mack j thread in the water would give any sign* j .of life. Almost immediately it moved ! towards the bundle of eggs, and, having reached it, began to sew itself through | and through the little white mass, pas : sing one end ef its body* thrroUgfi* it. and * then returning to make another stitch, ss I it were, till the eggs were at last com-; plctely entangled again in an intricate; . net-work of coils. It secm*d Co me al- i most impossible that this care of offspring could be the result of any instinct of affee- 1 lion in a creature of so lew an organism-; lion, and 1 again separated it from i s | egg-*, mud placed them at a greater dis-; tanoe when tbe same action was repealed- j Ol trying- the experiment a third lime, ; the bundle uf eggs foul become loosened, and a few of them dropped off singly into tbe, water. Tbe efforts which the aui -1 mal then made to recover the missing ones, winding itself round and round t J them, but*failing to bring tfom into tbe fold with the rest, because they were too small, and evaded all effort* to secure them, when once parted from the ffrst •little compact mass', -convinced me that i there was a defifihe purpose in its attempts, 1 and that even a being so low in tbe; scale of animal exi*tenee has some dim . cou*ciounea* of a relatioa to its off ; spring. I afterwards unwound also the ' mass of egg* which, whea eoiled up as > 1 first saw it, made a roll uf white sub ' stance abent tbe . aise uf a coffve-beaa. j and found that it confuted ef a string of: ! *fS*’ muring iqore than twelve foot in ■ length, the eggs being held together by * jumie gelatinous substance that cemented i them and prevented them from bifisg . apart. Cutting this t 4 iug asmw and 1 ;4acing a small section undt r tbe n-iero scrope. I counted on (be surface of such a cut from seventy to seventy-five eggs; and estimating the entire number ef egg* according la the number contained ou suck a surface, I found that there were not leas ; than eight millions of egg* in the whole' -a ting. Young'Giles, who is Mist beginning to • learn French, want* to kaow bow k is, * if ikry .-kave no tc in that language, that * •tfogn chaps *peU wagon .* i t-: * - • JAJIKS WATT. Jrow Watt. the gnat improver of the atcaiu engine, bora at Greenock, in !73*i, received mis early education mostly horn* ; all bough be attended for a time i the elementary schools m kb native tu..* I lib ill health, which oftei eonfinad him il* “• ch *f W !' *W7 S Wr u Jiitii <rhl. animl xwduti.. of bts intellectual powers, ft is said th.i wbvti only six years of age. be was dueuv - ired rolling a geometrical problem upon ih; hearth with a piece of chalk ; and oth er circumstance* related of kiiu, justify tb* remark elicited from a friend on the above uctranion. ijmt he was “no com mm child.'* About 1700. he amused himself by mak ing an electrical machine; and it b re- that hia aunt upbraided him cut ■ t evening at the tea table, for what seeme i her to be listless idleness ; taking of ’ the lid of the tea-kettle and putting it 01 again ; holding sometimes a rup, am t • metime* a silver spoon, over the steal* , , watching the exit of the steam from ih spout; and counting the drops of wstc. iulo which it became condensed. Ilenct the boy pondering before the tea-kittle, has kecu viewed as the embrvo engineer prognosticating the which weru to immortalize him. Iluriug his youth he indulged his love tor botany on Ifo. banks of Lock Lomond, and his rambles among the mountain scenery of his native • land, aroused an attentiou to mineralogy : and geology. Chemistry was a favunio subj.irt when lie was coufined by ill health to lit * father's dwelling. He read .a* ger ly books on ualur d philosophy, surgeory. swd medicine. heaving, however, all theae studies. Wall applied himself to tbo profemion of a mathematical instument j maker, and after a time, settled in Gins ; g"W, tv here, displaying much ingenuity and manual dexterity, his superior intelli gence led to his shop being a favorite re : H4,rl kr the must eminent scientific men in Glasgow. \V att needed only prompting ,to fake up and compiet any subject; and Professor Hobin.<Kin stales that he learnt . *he German language in order to peruse ! la?up4d s Vhfttntm JhcAissrsn, brranoi i solution of a problem on which he was engaged seemed to require it; and that ; similar reasons led him subsequently to . study Italian. Without neglecting bin business in the daytime, Walt devoted hia nights to various and profound . ttttdlrc ; and the mere difficulty of a sub i jeet, provided it was worthy of pursuit. !<l! **t**s to have recommended It to hie in defatigable character. Thus was passed ! the early life of Watt, previous to bis so-. | rioucly directing his attentiou to the pro* • parties of dram j A.suewnt or Simo.l Camwox'-A ’ A Pennsylvanian |iow in the army, relates to us a trad itlcrilml anecdote id the Ist.- Secretary of War. which is prolmbiy t< true as the posthumous stories of the juve nile days of great men generally are; and we therefore pat it on reeurd for the ben efit o' his future biogr*pbr. | ll was the custom aforetime in Penn sylvania for mothers to place an apple, a. ) sUfetr dollar and a Bible before their ehil -1 dren. <Ktn as they were able lor leddb* about ; a ltd, with a mot her’a interest and satisfaction, watch th *m take their choice. | It was considered indicative of their more | matured predilections. lu accordance ! with this custom, the mother of the in fant Simon, ns soon as he was able to stand on his pins, produced the articles | ami act them before the child, hoping in ; her heart be would vn*l.-cI the Bible.- - Bat not so Simon. The fu u-e Sc re'sry . uj War took a some what deliberate view. I and with less rev. ronce than King Alfred I mounted atop the Holy Writ, picketed the 1 dollar and oommeucetf munching the ap ple ! It is needless to add that he h*a i been at (hat business ever rime —l i.uiu mrJti Enq uirrr. Wrr.—Tb. re is no talent more desire*! : or more'appreciated than wit. and there is scarcely one wkmh involves for its owner a greater responsibility. He who po*>- ■ •sch the propensity of witty sayings or n- Crtcr must be constantly in has guard, or will tndirt pain when he intended only I to create a laugh. The kindliest utter ance of wit sends often and met uncun • sriously, a barbed arrow to some heart in which already rank) s a bidden wound.— And where tie shaft is wingel by maKg ; idly, it forms an engine of wksuo |<evf % an hatd y I c over en bust d. Uarudees jesting, fun. mirth. the exer . cisc of a i-hrrfo spirit, are all good tu - t'i ir q>| r prit time and pUc *. and (lie' , 1 .tree r-pcrtafty ia appropriate everywhere But if the deadly jeser af wit he adapted to ridicule, let him beware who m.s ti - ll will tuns ike kirot gardn of friend* <>bip into a deleft- It will make a guvl man almost a fiend. * It whiter* couth km iV. - ; it Uigb>Tlie best purpura, it • degrades. destroys. Uuly.a kindly Jhu me, only a grad* wp. that bides m rjug bcn aih a. \ Ml* sheath, is to be vTsand. } : -. \ # . •* — •#*• ——— tar Why m ike letter 8 Mke a OMriag ' machine V BwCatltc it llnkt needk.l boon* Iraa. -.c - ** NO a

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