Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 6, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 6, 1862 Page 1
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VOL. XVIII. SAINT MARY’S BEACON it> rritLisiiEu K 8 i:*t tii('k.<day nr J.F. KING. (WAMEB 8. DOWMB. Terms of Sruacßimo*.—gl.hOpcr an num, to be paid within mx month*. Nc •obrcriptiou will In- rwetveti for shorter jcriod thru .'is mouth*. aud tut paper U <v*aiM#ac4 until n&mwmfci’ nrr paidi except at the option of the publisher*. Teems of Ao\r.Rfi9iMi. —$1 per square f i the* first insertion, and *2;(;. fin ♦ very ml M-qucnt inw rtiwu. Twelve lium c.f lew for.fctitutf a square If the mini Wei or iiisrrti.niK not marked on the adver linen.•-];(. it Hill lie published until fin Lid. : ni charged • eordindy. A liberal de duction math in t.iose who advertise L\ lie year Inargnr&i Addrot* of Jiff Davis- Quo of tlu* Union prisoners wlio V.II rc b used at Richmond on £*itird.iy arrived i*l New York mi Monday evening, and furnished the II raid with a copy of tlu Richmond Examiner extra, containing die inaugural address of Jefferson Davis Ac cording to the stateni-nt of the release.) prisoner. “no enthusiasm was manifested on ihv,- ureuriou of iiie inauguration.** Tin a hires* is as follows; h\Uiir.-Ciiiz*i*: —On this th° birthday ot inr in an ino-it identified with the (sluh li.-lmi- nt ot Ann rii an Independence, and Wiie-ath the niotiumint cDPtrd to c<‘-;n inemoiale h*s le-nde \iiiuc.s and those of his compatriots, we have asssembh d to t'h i into exist me • the permanent g <v eniuient of the t’onfederate States,— Through tiii-* iiiPtniooMitaliiv, under th* f; vor ef Dmue j*rvidenep t w* h‘*po to perpetuate the piii eijhr* of our r* volu tiotiHr} fathers. Ihe day, the tueinorv Mid tlu- purjtoj.*- sc*i in fitly associated. it is with mingled feelings of humili ty and pride that I appear to take, in I ) res* lice ol die people and Indore high Heaven, the oath pre?erih**d as * qualification for the exalted station to which the unanimous voice of the - people lets called me. Limply -en iMe of all that i implied I v this irai.it.statien of the p -opin’* confidence. I am yet mote pro f •umlly impressed hy the vast r*pou.*i hility of the office, ana humbly feel my own unworthiness. In nlurn for th. ir kindness 1 ran only offer assurances of the gialitudc with which it is received, and can hu* pledge a z-aleus di-volh.u of every faculty to the service "t tho*j who have chosen me for their chi* f magistrate. When a long erur.se of class legisla tion, dir.cted Hoi to the general welfare, hut to the aggruniTxeiuei.t of the north ern section of th- Union, culminated in a warfare on the domrstie institution* of the Southern State*--when the dog mas of a sectional party. submit uted for the provisions of the constitutional com pact, threat'md to destroy the sover ign rights of the Stall*, six of those St .t s withdrawing from the Union con federated together to cx-reiso the right and perform *h duly of instituting a ony. ruiuent which would better secure f!ic liL: rlies for tin- p- er\ation of which that Union was * slablishcd. Whatever of hope some may have en tertained that a returning sense of justice ' mild remove the danger with which our rights were threatened, and render i - pm-sihie to preserve the Union of thp c—nstitut-ion, must hare been di*p< Hen I y the malignity and barbarity of the i <>rthem Staled in the propceutioii of t voting war. The cenfiuei.ce of the hopeful Kinnng ns must have been <'cA:oyed by flic disregard they hare r ccnlly <xl.ib;ted for all the liiuc-kon • >red bulwarks of civil and religious lib erty. llastik* filled with priaonvra, ar rested without civil process or indict ment duly found ; the writ of habeas cor pus suspended by tbo Executive man date; a State Legislature controlled hv 1 the imprisonment of mrn*Uri whose i a.vowed principle* sugggted to the K.dt -1 d Ex- cutive that there might he an other a ’d d to the Hat of si-oed*-d States; euctiuus hi Id under threats of a miliia >y power; civil officers, peaceful citixemt '“d gviifle women incarcerated for opin ions pnclaiim d thi 1 incapacity of our late associates to a 1 minister a gnv luti.t as free, liberal and liumauc as that e.-ialilisikil for our rominoii use. 1 * r proof of ihe sincerity of our pur pose to maintain our ancient intuitu*ion*. t may point to (he constitution uf the Conf.dviaey and the laws onaited under it, as well as to the fact that through all the Ueecftdiio of an utirtjQal strug gle there has been no act on our part to impair personal liberty or the free dom ot spccb, of thought or of the press. '1 he courts h;.vc ben upeu. the juui ial functions fully < xccut. d, aud ev iry light of the pcacfol cilix u mainl dm d as toeundy as if a war of iurjudwit had 1.0; disturbed the land. Jbe people of ike States udw cni(fed erated btcame Convii.ced that the govern no lit of the Unittd Slates had fail, u into the hands of a sec.tonal mspuitv. who would pervert that iu*l *aud of ill truifi- to the dctt-uction of tS.e lights DEVOTED TO UTEKA'RTtE. KEWB. AOMOCptotE AND OENEUAL INTELLIGENCE. |3BaifAD TOWN, MI).. TIIITISDATiKnINO. MARCH 6. ISC2. -J 10 which it was pledgcni to protect. They believed that itu remain longer in the 1 1 iiion would subject them to a ccntin ; nance of a rlinparaging discrimination. f *ubmi*ion to wliu-h would be iucotisis tent with lb-i!p welfare* and intolerable to a proud |M*Dple. They therefore de termined to sever its bonds and ettab • hJ L n Mcw for thcmhulvov, Tl ex per is ou I inAfhnted hy our own revolutionary laihers, of a voluntary un ion of sovereign Blate* for purposes sp> cifi<*d in a solemn c-unpaet, has been perverted hy those who, feeling power and forgetting right, were determined to respect no law hut their own will.— Ihe government had ceased to answer ends for which it was ordained and es tablished. To save ourselves from a . revolution whi.-li, in its silent but ra pid prngr fH, was about to plicc U* un ) t ‘ r the deapoti.ui of i.nmbers. and to preserve in spirit, as well as in form, n system of goveriimeiit we believe to he .peculiarly lilted to our condition, and full of promise fur mankind, we determined ro make a new association, composed of Slutes homogeneous in iuteiust, in policy and in feeling. ", True to our traditions of peace and rmr love of just ice, we sent commission ers to the United States to propose a fair and amicable settlement of all ques tion* of public debt or property which might be in dispute. Hut the govern ment at Wa.*hiugi m. denying our right to .sclr-govc-nuie.nl. refused even to lis t-‘ii to any proposals for a peaceful sep ar.itioii Nothing w. then left to us but to prepare fir war. The first year in our hhtury has Uvn the most eventful in the annals of this coiitinoiit. A liew government has been • ttabibhed, and its machinery put in oj eralion over an area exceeding seven huu- • dred thousand mju:;re miles. The great principles upon which wt have been wil- j ling l* hax.ird everyihing that is dear to' man have made conquests for us which could m-ver have been achieved hy l|ei *w**id Uur (Tonli-duracy has grown from six to thirteen Sirt. s; and Maryland, .al-j ready united to it* by hallowed memories nd material it.tcrems, will, 1 believe, I when able to sp< ak with uustiiied voice, | •yiiiicct her destiny with the South. Our people have rallied with unexampled una nimity to the support of the great priuei-| pl b of constitutional government with firm resolve to perpetu ate hy arms the j rights which they could not peacefully se cure. A million uf u u. it it estimated, are bow standing in hostile array, and waging war along a frontier of thousand of miles. Hatties have been fought, sieg.-s have been conducted, and, although . tin contest is not ended, and the tide for the moment is against us. the final result in our favor is not doubtful. The period is near at hand when our foes must si:.k under the immense load of! debt which they have incurred, a debt ! which, iu their eiTbrt to subjugate u*, has 1 already attained aucb fearful dimensions as will subject them to burthens which must continue to oppress them for gener ations to come. We, too, have had our trials and difficulties. That we are to es cape them in the future is nut to be hoped. It was to be expected when we entered upon this war that it would expose uur j people to sacrifices and cost them much. I both of money and bh> >d. Hut we knew , ihu value of the object for which we strug- - gled, aud understood the nature of the! war iu which we were engaged. Noth- j ing could l>c so bJ as failure, aud any j sacrifice would be cheap as the .price of success iu such * contest. r Hut the picture has if* light* as well as its shadows. Thi* great strife has awuk- : ened in the people the highest emotions and qualities of the human soul. It ia cultivating feelings of patriotism, virtue and courage. Instances of self-sacrifice and of generous devotion to the noble cans-? for whieh we aie contending, are rife through out the land. Never has a people evinc- : ed n more determined spirit than that now animating men. women and children in every part of our country. Upon the first call the men fly to anus ; and wives and mothers send their husbands and ‘ sons to battle without a murmur of re gret. It was, p;rliup*. in the ordination of Providence that we were to he taught the value of our liberties by the price which we pay fur them. The recollection* of this great contest, with all its common tradi- 1 tiuus of glory, of sacrifice and of blood, ‘ will be ike bund of harmony and enduring :i affection amongst the people, producing unity in }licy ( fraternity in sentiment, and joint effort in war. Nor hare the ma trriul sacrifices of the past year boon made • without mono corte*p44idti*g benefits. If the acquiescence of foreign nations in a pretended blockade has deprived ns’of Our j commerce with them, it is fast making*-us a 3clf->upp<>rting aud an independent pgo- , plo. The blockade, if effectual and per manent. eetdd wnly serve to divert our industry from the production of artiideft frr export, aud employ it io supplying commodities for domesti* use. If is a satisfaction that we have main taimd tin war hy onr unaided xertion*. \\\ have nuther asked nor received a^id r j tancc from any quarter. Yet the intern •; eat involved is not wholly our own. The -, world at large is concerned in opening our 1 markets to it* commerce. When the ill ■ dependence of th Confederate States is ■ rccognix d by the nation* of the earth and • wc arc free to follow our interests and l > by cultivating foreign trade | .1 h athcru S at-?* will ing nations the most favorable maikete which ever invited tbeir commerce. Cut ton, sugar, rice, tobacco, provision*, tim ber and naval store* will fiirnUh atfrac ■ live exchanges. Nor would the constan cy uf thes-t supplies likely to be dislurl*cd by war. Our confederate strength will be • too great to tempi aggression ; and never was there a people whose . interests and i principles committed them so fully to a peaceful policy as (hose of ihe Confede rate Slates. Hy the character of their productions they are too deeply interested in foreign commerce wantonly to disturb it. War of conquest th y cannot wage, because the constitution of their confede racy admits of no coerced association. Civil war there cannot be between States j held together by their volition only. This J rule of voluntary association, which can not fail to be conservative by securing Just and impartial government at home, does not diminish llio security of the obli gations by which the Confederate Htatesj j may be bound to foreign nations. In; proof fur this it is to be remembered that, 1 i at the fir.*t moment of asserting their right of .secession, those States proposed a’ set tlement on the basis of a common liabdi-, ty for the obligations uf the general gov ernment. ; iVilow-ritixons. after the struggles of age> had consecrated the right ul the Kug- IbhuiMH to constitutional representative government, our colonial .ancestors were forced to vindicate that birthright by an i appeal to arms. Success crowned their j ictiuilj*. and they provided for their pus-; ferity a peaceful remedy against future; aggression. The tyranny of an unbridled majority, the must odious and least lesponsible foru-: , ot despotism, has denied us both.the right) and the remedy. Th*refer* wc arc ii 4 , arms to renew sueli sacrifices as our fit h : ers made to the Indy cause of eoiistitu- . tional liU-rly. At the darkest hour of | our struggle the provisioned giv*s place to : the permanent government. After a sc ries of successes and victories, which cov -1 . .1 j cred our aims with glory, we have recent ly met with serious disaster. Hut in the heart of a people resolved tube free these disasters tend but to stimulate U iuereus d resistance. To show our*elvea worthy of the iuheri-, tancc bequeathed to us by the patriots of the Revolution, wc muct emulate that heroic devotion which made reverse i ; to them but the crucible in which their! patriotism was refined. With confidence I I in the wisdom and virtue of those who will i share with me the responsibility, -and aid i i me in the conduct of public affairs; secure ly relying on the patriotism and courage of the people, of which the present war| has furnished so many example*, 1 deeply feel the weight of the responsili!iiii-a 1 now, with uuaffi.ct.-d diffidence, am ab ut | to assume; and, fully realizing the inade quacy of human power to guide aud to sustain, my hope is reverently fixed on, Him whose favor is ever vouchsafed to i the cause which is jus;:. With humble ! gratitude and adoration, acknowledging ! the Providence which has so visibly pro j tee ted the confederacy during its brief but, , eventful career, to Thee, Oh liod. I irus-' tingly commit myself, and prayerfully in-, vokc Thy blearing on my country aud its ause. “The Maryland {Defence Loan” Bill. Mr Donaldsou. from the. Committee on Way* and Mean*, reporimd on the lUth instant, the following bil l to provide means. for the dt fence of the State of • Maryland i by raising an amount sufficient to pay the : , State”* proportion of the' United States j direct tax levied or to bo levied for the purpose of rebellion and main- : luitiing the inu-grity of the Union: , ll’Arrmif, The (Jovernmcnt of the Uni-' led States is now engaged ill a war forced ; iqion it by the seditous and unlawful- acts of those who have attempted its overthrow by violence, and it is only by the vigorous and successful prosecution of that war up on the part of >aid Government that the ! State of Mary laud can be protected from hostile invasion, and the lives and proper-! tv of lur citizens preserved from destruc tion; and whereas, it is not only the duly of said State, but is also an act of neces-; . sary self-defence on her psrt, to provide moan* of paying her proportion of-the exp-use* of said war. Tln-r. fore Section 1. Br it rnarfaf hr th* (*rnrral Assembly */ .Uin/lanU, That the Treasur jer be and is hereby authorised to is.oue, in j the manner ben-iuafter prescribe*!, slck ; < of the State of. M iryluu-1 t< aij amount not exceeding ivj iiiiilious and a half oT dol lar*. for a l*an to be called **TUc Mary-I land i>rfipuc Loan,” which stock shall r be r- deomable at the pleasure of the State, and until redeemed shall bear interest at

lh rate of six per cent, jikt annum. paya-’ hie semi-ami Dally, oh the Ist day of, dan-s nary and Julv iu each U : very vear. '•* * i ’ />c it (Hrtrftxf. That one ? quarter of dollars of sai.j ‘ •^i^l^^Bfe rg ‘ JBC^ or tl,e iiiTentinetit ► m scenting Crow lime to time * °f ,e suto, mi on L tLe **isHHP!® Janttaeji April, July and ‘, WwfjVff y *Wt., mi at whatever mtf&ykfM-. r snmftug to HA* 4it TrtsttUrtr as Trustee of -1 that Fund, the Treasurer shall issue to > hints If, as Trustee of that Fund, cert if oa'es ol stock at par l the amount of said interest so payable or s • landing to his ; credit as Trustee of said Fund, and on the t i warrant of the Comptroller shall pass the amount so paid fur sai 1 stock to the "m --eral credit of the State Treasury, to 1 e ap ‘j pHe*l to the payment of "ilit* State’s pro portion of the direct tax levied or which '| may hereafter he levied by the Congress of the Uuitud Slates to provide for the c\- 1 pauses of the waj m>w cani"<l en to sup press the rebellion snd to maintain the in tegrity of the l.niuli; and the stock so pur j chased from time to time out of the inter i est of the Sinking Fund shall be added to ! the capital of said fund. and the interest | thereon shaU b* paid semi-annually, and ! the principal ultimately redeemed *eut of I the proceeds of the tax hereinafter particu larly pledged for the payment of principal , and interest of the whole of <nid “Mary land Defence Loan;”’ and until the acciu -1 ing interest on the said Sinking Fund I shall hare absorbed by such investments the full amount of one million and a cpiar ■ ter.of saiu loan it shall not bo lawful fur the Treasurer to purchase any other stocks ] for the inventnn nt of the interest of the said tuni, unless b.-fbre said full amount is so absorbed it shah become unnecessary to provide by loan any part of the means reunited to pay the said ITdted States direct tax. j Section d. And I*' l enacted, That at any time, and from time to time, after the' : passage of this act, the Treasuter shall, i fur the best price that can be obtained, negotiate the tale ut so much of the re i maiuiiig urn- million and a cjmrtcr of dol lars of said “Maryland Defence Loan” as tuny bo on—Winy, in addition to the amount received or to be received from ; the sales made to the Sinking Fund under I the next preceding section, to provide means for the payment of the Stale*? pro portion for the year eighteen hundred and sixty-two. or any succeeding ycar, of the direct lax now levied, or which before ne gotiating said sale shall have been levied, by Congress to pay the expenses of the present war; bu; no sale of any part of said Doan shall be so made by the Treasurer without the written approval of the Gov ernor and Comptroller in each case ratify- i ing she terms of s.dd sale, and on the mti i fixation of such sales respectively ccrtifi- 1 cates of stock shall be issued, and on pay ment being made therefor delivered to purchasers. Section 4. And fa it en-tried, That it cither in the year eighteen hundred and sixty -two, or in a:;y succeeding year, it shall be deemed expedient by the Gover nor, Comptroller and Trtasiirtr, or any two of them, to advertise for sealed pro posals for taking any part of the aid “Maryland Defence Loan,” such adver tisement shall be .made by the Treasurer in such manner and for such times as the said Governor shall pr.+cribe; and aft< r *he lime limited by su di advertisement, the proposals received shall be opened! by the Treasurer in the pivsenee of the , Governor and Comptroller, and so much I df the e oak as may be necessary shall be awarded to the highest bio.ins therefor, at the prices named in their bids resp'C lively, and on payment being made there- i ! for certificates shall Le issued as herein- ! 1 before provided. , ' • {Section 5. And fa it enartnl. That the Treasurer is hereby authorised and di rected to reet ivl* from any person or bodies , corporate in payment for any part of the t ‘Maryland Defer me L ’an" purchased Lv , them uudor the provisions of this act any limited States Treasury natra, bands or j evidences of debt which at the lime of said pay menl shall be receivable by the ITdied ■ States for taxes and public dues. Section li. And be it enacted. That all payment made by or on account ot the purchasers of the loan authorized by this act shall be made to the Treasurer on the warrants of the Comptroller, and ait ccrlifi- : carets of the stock of >aid loan, including those i.-suiid to the Treasurer himself, Trustee of the Sinking Fund, shall be signed by the Treasurer and countersigned by the Comptroller. i Section I. And be it enacted. That the add i; ion a I direct tax of fifteen cents im every hundred dollars worth of assessable * property of the State, imposed by the Gen eral Assembly at its present session. i> • hereby especially pledged to the payment of the loan authorized by ibis act, and the j >ad tax is hereby on the faith of the State declared invpeaiablo until lha principal and interest of said loan shall have been fully paid. I- Section 8. And be it enacted. That any r of the chartered banks of this Stale may purchase any amount .if ibjf author ized by iliut act to boifibed* v /ut re gard |o any limit heretofore, pros criby. dhr laws of ibis State relating toVajdJbouk*; aad in oas.‘ any lank tu v. inch the State. I • # 1 holds part of the capital stock shall propose to take and shall be awarded any part of i the said loan, the Treasurer is hereby au thorised to pledge to such bank, as securi ty for the payment of principal and inter- I C! ‘ t - ‘>f tile part of the loan ao awarded and ’ taken, an equal amount, of the capital fid bank so owned by tb* the Sfafo shall hull so much of the capital stock of said bank. - REVERSES. Reverses nro the lot of constancy of, •the -<ou£ a!id fixedness nt puipuso, element* wit huu: which success ij auv enterprise is ; impossible. Tlic failure of the merchant, the defeat of the po.itician an 1 tlie rout of the warrior, hut stimulate giand iniud* to renewed endeavors, and if p> rsisfed in. al most inevitably lead to triumph The' Southern Confederacy t-nj-.yed itji dav of tiiumpii, it is now experitneiug its period , of reverses. If it ha* within it the ele ments of endurance, it can succeed—if it lacks them, it w;ll a< assuredly fail. Kcv- * elutinui.-ts always contjend at with regular Govcrouicats. The funner. have Jo exitiiiporizc everything, the latter I h:\e all necessaries prepnicJ to th- ir hands, an 1 the iiiiiilaiy loaeiiin ?rv, the aceuuiu* j lation of years ol peace, at th,ir disposal, i A glance at the history of the Revolu tionary war, wi.l show how nt the bi-gin iu-g of the struggle and for many succeed ing years, the advantages were all on the 1 'm !c ol the Notwith standing the gall.tut resistance of the I’ro viuciaU at Htii.ker Hill, H sfuii f v ll, and ( in tl.e sueceeding year, 177 G. the fate of! New \ ork was decided by the ha til j of Long Island and White Plains, in the former ot which the Americans lost d.U)O men, including tiirec of their best Geiit-rals, Sullivan. 0 1.11 and Stirling; aui in the lalt.-r M'ash-rgtou was uitei -I.V defeated, and t!io ful named af;cr ••i.u on the Hudson reduced. \\ aj'lsing-) tun ineffectually s< ug:it tk burn the (.ity ot New Turk, nn i the village of White j Plains was committed to the flames L\ id* order*. The sucecsi of th- Hriti.-h ’*°L only secured to L ud Howe, the pos- M.srion of New Voik. but involved the k ddclioa of both the Stale;* o{ Rlu.ic island a*i ! New Jersey. :ii)d the capture of tier. Lee, considered then the beet officer in the Ame man service, m xt to W ashingto*;,— 1 tile cuodit.on oii the American* after two year* of War, wo give the fol lowing extract from Hume, (Till vol. page -^d); j ‘“The affairs of the provincial* appeared now to be in a desperate situation ; bv the I orders of the General to Lord Uornw diis. , they had been suffered to rr -■ the Dela ware; but no doubt was entert dm d that as soon as the river was frozen over, not only a detachment, but the wh-de army)' under FI owe liimsvlf would advance in) pursuit of the discomfited and living cue-i my. proocced to i hlladtlphia, and for so impoitant au d jeet. ami wit!: such pro ■iiability of eoniph-ie success, brave all tin hazard* aud hardship* of a winter cam-, p.iiu. The soldiers weri quite dish iu-ten t’d, the panic < .vleudtd itsuif to ihe ci 11 departments, the governor, council, a>sem blv and magis f ry • f New Jersey d'-ser'c 1 : i their province . their breilir-.-ii of J > i ia d lpliia di>p -rsjtl : and the ex- 1 p'Cling the speedy arrival uf the Hntiah , army, fled to Maryland. T1 :rcc of tiic principal eitiz-’iis, in the nam .- of th rest, declared their resolution to entreat the 1 protection < f General Howe. The chi f c f y of North America, the scat of the. new Government, appeared ready to. submit, if tiio Hil:i.-h army should ad vance. A! Tim'd at the.-u dangers, Pußgres* did not however despair; lliev proceeded net ouiy to repair their ac tual i'-iMfes hut to remove the causes.— Their soldiers had only been u:listed fur year; they now ordained that 1 they should he levied f. r three years, or during the continuance of the war The army wa* to consist of eightv-eight! bait allions, to ho fitmL-lird and main tained by the respective euhudcs iu a cvrteiii jrop.rtion. accorditig to the as cerlainod ability i.f each. LiL ral ofiers wc-ro made of bounties a*ad of pay. as an inducement to men t.i enlist; and an allotment of lands, at the end of tie,* war was proinis-d to mit wh * survived, nr tin; fatniln sof those who fi 11. They also nnb ii>h dan appeal to the American people. 1 to remind them of their assurances of pro t.aluti and support ; they rvcapiiujated the various g.h vai •••■* w ii'eh they had SMI often stated, and ‘he rejection of all ilieir applications for redress; nothing but ut cciiditioiial t*nbmi'! <m would j-at isfy their encodes; the only lJernal|vt> wer. resistances or slavery whieh <>f # the two w< ro free-horn brT-‘ nmn to chm*c *: * fh** success *f the Untidi-arms, th* v al- Icdgird, bad been greatly,e agge; a! d, ;it I . cost very dear. They assured them *<f. the :i.'iftauc‘ of foreign powers, and ex hTied them to firm ri-liane. -1 and rcsistat c--; to pn p.-.rc for a viguriuir d- fenc; of their liberties. pro)crtiei and every object which could be dear to man. 'i lie appeal had the desired effict.’it revived tlu spirits of t ihe js'wplc, and stimulated the u'.o*t' a— tuuishiig! <ff *rts to pm-ire r-„-inldrcc . uicuU to. the uraiy 4 ” In 1777 the MHut* wore sot more ms succtsfu 1.1 ’rfladelplda waa captured, ami ibu Americana defeated at llrandy wine mfi "Gwunintowir. with'the \ i 9i of n.anr thousand* in IsiJfcd, woundi-d ;md prisoner*. The American flotilla ia toe Dataware waa utter!* destroyed, and a conapeflistl to aedr the inferior of the country to escape destruction. The only erent which prevented them from sinking into utter despondency, was the capture oi Durgoyno at Saralats. in 1 1 78, the A met icons w\re cvcrr wb*rc_wo,*tod hut the campaigns ofl7il auc. 1780 were still more clisosirou.c. J H the former year the State of Gem 2 U was reduce; l , and in tho latter. Charleston tell involving the loss of 5,000 men, inlu ling the Lieutenant Governor and Council ot South Carolina. Geu. Lincoln am- hx other Generals, and a (Jomnio • i'ie. Ija ,Jic sane year the battle of Camden took pK-e. j„ w | ( j r i, Gcu. Gates wag utterly routed. Sustain- a tumble loss Lit men nuJ tuuniiioi a of war. Uy thi* victory North and South Carolina both fell into the hands of the Uritish. and Virginia and Mary Inn I by hirrounded on every side by hostile hosts. \vt in spite of all these reverses the men of the lt.-\elution persevered, and it i history that they were ultimately suc cessful. and that too mainly by their own exertions — Sw/th. TVK DON’,: SMOKING. ? - iK * fallowing is from the JJo.stou Trav eler. Lvt those who smoke go and .|„ likewise, and the blessing will follow th- Joed. Uur friend delivered himself thus bon oHt .v and in earnest. Ah he tmplhd his mouth of tlu* list'cigar. OIJI mouth U-amc lull —fall of b!e>-ing,s ; Jlessod r>- fhe mail* himself. IJ C is more wte. more el.•aidv more savory and more reason;.;,lj than wlimi.lm wnit smok- It.c and puffing ala ut like ;1 locomotive. Idosse.J ,s the imi./s wife. She is the happiest of women f., r the roacr „ li( m-niio:it*| in th . Ml .j f|r many more. She had hoped against hope or Lie last puff, hut it had been made at r ,M - '\ r >vt m t -‘ ■•'••e h r fare brighten, nor slop is more elaatie, 1,. r voice sweeter, h r welcome to her husband, us he readied uouig, is iimru cordial. Shu has our hear ty congratulation*. JdcsHed is the niai.’o house. An un lavory spirit has gone out of Jr. sJ rtrr? asily can it be kept neat ntid tidy. OKI i* pudances wdl repulse tot more JUcß.sud is the man’s health! In (ho ‘ , ™® * 1 !' 1 flrc I"‘IB klip, up InUL'.th i :i ! l, ’ ! '. ln lV ' i •i" i -iuiu , Amt bis whole nervous and digestive *rys <*m unite in this bv.nedictiuu wo now i - litc. And bluaeed U the inin's pocket \ ru\: is stopp d. As much as before will 1w in, and less fl ,w out We t to ic*r I! \ nice* fnun llctt t. 1 iierc will h.* b ‘tier l.y> in the deparf iient >i our Master s dominions. And blessed is she finn’* resolution -- Ma) it tower aloft line a granite pillar, il-ovc all the smoke and lire fh it imy >ai! sf. The last puff ?• it the last ! - Vnl if th* .siiiokrs will join, there will t>j nougu to unite in a Ik..i.\ Aukij, Wakljkk KNtaai-stsz —Th : Knpcrnr Napoleon remark. d at St. |J |., w . Generals are r.ir h found cag-r to gi. • riattl ; they elioose th-ir p siti e-tsb i.di thema. ives. c .nsi !,-, ib-ir c.m.l.ii.a u.s. but t.:.,-n comm, i,cos their iiideciai.m; 7 •“Jtuii.g is iw.diflieult and at the namu ume so importiht a? to ku ~r r.li •„ t> d - ;nle ” Wellington stid : -' T.e fault wih iiio.-f comm ;*idcr-, however l>rav*, l.n b,i<-k ivardti in taking th. last -t. p *!., |>i in;' *n a battle, i>j..-.i dly uh.n antis „;o Li.g ; ariiii.g from deep la-.raj iiiiAiotie-, .ini aft'., ad tin; uiicerlaiulic* of tli.,; iMi Wawhingt-m. in a I -Mrr t r Congress in 1 1 ''..t. < xpr.of “our sccuriiy J< pending oi, want <>f c:iferjri*ii; in. thu i-neu y. an >a) s tm.t “we have i>ceii in lebvu t- r <rjr sai, *y, during a greater part of Luc w ir, to th *ir nmciivif v,"* iMiRhiK,. v\r> Si\jLn —I bar.* oh >. rv.-d tint a married inn fihiug toto mK i Ttuue i# ucre apt l*, reliievchi.* *i ?nti,>;, in til woill th.ii, a single on.-; pm.Jv be •au-e h- i.- more .limula’tei to excr.iwu by h.- tl'XCgMtim of th.- h. Ip’c-n a*. I beloved beings who-d- J upon j,;,,, p. r su t JJf j v but idiftly i*r*MU'ie bi spiii's am m .(bed and r -y ciidejj !ii4...*, ..mi it, M: ii - le.-pcet K* pt • live by In.dii.rg .dtrj-.ia'gb a’i u darl- iu i.ilia’t-su. yet ih re i still lijtic w..rhk -rj. |re ai hme, „f Mioch he l> the iii.onared. ,\\ b<*tiT> a wia g.e man r, apt to waste M;ii liege.t I. I’, * ley Ij:1 f loiiciv and abati ioned and’his hc-irt lo fall 't*. *omc deserted mam-ion, fur want or inhali-- lauU. • w , £-t*“ The dealii-non:! • i.s ;h- :u the w-.-Hj 1: makes the i&rk’Past an arch vifri'u.tiph iu.o a rudi!iac*i - *uiu*c.

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