Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, 6 Mart 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated 6 Mart 1862 Page 2
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"y * - ’■ ]L*%- SAINT MARY’S BEACON leobard town md., THURSDAY MORNING. MARCH C. Idfri Oyster Salocn. We direct ihe attention of persons visi tiug out village to the OjMrr Sal><*n, kept in lb** basement of Moore’s Hotel, by om young fellow-townsman, Warren I Moore. E *j. Oysters of very snpeirioi quality. and served ) in the best style, can always be bad at this place, and, a> •‘institution*’’ f ibis sort are both noees >aiy and agreeable to our immediate com munity. we trust that visitor* to our vil lage will give our friend Moore a call that be may be encouraged to continue bn present avocation. - ——— , The StaJ Law- This metn-ure, which we were disposed to favsr a year ago a* both well-timed and salutary, and a* likely, to prove beneficial to the people at Urge of this State, wr cannot now regard but as most mischiev ous and fraud-abetting in it* character. It is with feelings of regret, therefore, that we find that the Legislature has before i • plan ful further legislation upon this subject. Our people have born its ill eff. ota f*r a year and we had hoped it would be allowed to expire by limitation. Had it afforded a means of relief against oppression, by being employed simply a* • u.c u* of warding off tbe greedy de mands of selfish and unscrupulous credi tors. it might have been well for tTie peo ple that this remedy bad been furnished them. Such, we presume, was :h iuCeti tion of the law, but, unfortunately, such Is not the side use that has Imjcii made ol it. Through its instrumentality, the roost glaring and palpable wrongs and fruub have been perpetrated. Ih indulgent and needy creditor has suffered, alike, with the moat exacting and oppressive The Sheriff and the Constable being strip prd of the authority to enforce, the people hate shown but little disposition to p* , y their debts and have boarded iheir money, under tbo plea of “military necessity." Mon.y was never moro abundant, nor th [•eople better able to pay. but they know not what tbe war will bring foith. and, under this device-- aided by the slay law they bold on to the purse strings, re gardb-sa of the rights and wants of those to whom they are indebted. Then let this measure expire, in totn, and l*-t the inmi-liiiiery of the law be again put in mo tion. Hut, apart from the gross porverson of this law, let ns glance at its practical bear ings. Every g-ade of profession, except farming, baa suffered by it. The mechan ic has not b< cu able to enforce the pay ment of bis hard earned wages, whilst he has been compelled to pay high price* and the cash for every necessary of life. The physician likewise. The lawyer’s occupa tion is gone. And, docs the farmer ak or need tbe re-anactment of a law of this character ? lie make* us much crop and gets as much price for it a- yver. Then, why oppress every other avoeuti*i in life, that the farmer may he insured against imaginary and non-existing evils? It iff true, both real estate and negroes have depreciated in value, and, if forced into the market, would be subjected to ru inous sacrifice*. Hut, there is no reason why these sacrifice* should he made. The farmer ia* able as he ever was to meet hi* outstanding obligations, for failure, neither in crops nor price, has been en gendered by the war. Then, wher*in lies the necessity fur a continuance of this law ? lit not plain, that it really bene fits no one, whilst it sorely oppresses many ? Wc repeat, let it he erased from the Statute Hook, and let the obligations of man to man be enforced by the laws that existed when these obligations were contracted. . — <■# —— War and other News- The nrnre stringent restrictions that have born recently placed upon the pro** by the Federal Government, have some what lessoned our facilities for obtaining war news for <ur readers. Indeed, our exchanges now contain but lilttlo of in terest upon this snbjeet, nor will they he likely to contain more until another Federal victory shall he obtained, Tlu editorial cor|s and the “printer’s devil 1 may now be said fo bo on even terms, ami neither can Fquiot or sneer at the other The “devil” has a supervisor of bn work and so lias the editor. Now, if ii were customary, in this latitude, to us the Negro as a typographer, wc migh well understand (ho working of thii great levelling principle; hut as such i not the custom, we con less out wive* at a loss in these days of L’nion successes am Federal victories, to comprehend th cause or appreciate the motives that hv< induced the adoption of this last msstei stroke of Black U-publicau policy. I the Federal* are everywhere guccioful why keep from the people the pleasing in diligence t The people at the North an not “seoeiih/* neither are, say* tbs Gov ernment, the people of Maryland. The; I are for th ITni* n and would rj.ii*e to . hear of the sucres* of fh* fan***. Hut. wc •null a mt. Certain rumor* have reached 0 us. notwithstanding the vigilance of .Mr. r 1 Secretary Stanton, and these runu rs ure | such as be welt kept out of tbe newx ’ papers. The victory at Donelson wv* by ( I far too important to !*• overshadowed s r i speedily by a corresponding revere. It ■is therefore prudent that they should not be published. They eamc to us through private sources, and, as they have nut been wise, wcx-ould not vouch for their corn ctness. 1* t ! Again, the Governnunt denies that they i- | 1 have any foundation, and, in the absenee of proof, an express denial by such high authority may not be gaimayed. Affairs along the line of tbe Potomac are beginning to bok a little warlike.— 1 Bank>’ Jevb-iou. ha* already cross’d the J Rubicon and occupies Charleatown.— d : Hooker is expected to cross daily, and the d main devn-iun. und* r McClellan is'to be c ' simultancou>ly put in motion. Tbe . \ “grand army,” it is thought, will number 1 j 1 .'>o,ooo nu n. and will he the Lest appoint i ,ed force ever mustered upon this couti t ’ pent. A bloody aud det rmined re.-is , , tance, at Manas&us, is look’d for, but the j Federal* rely upon tlirir numbers aud the ! skilful mam uveiii.g of their l ader as ; certain elcmcnta of success. Gen. Lan • t f ! der who commanded a brigade- in Hanks* | k > division, has died of (lie wounds received I•. . i .! in the fight at Edwards Ferry. Gen. j Shields is spoken of as hi* successor. j The now* from the West show* that 1 I j success still attends the Federal cause.— . i Nashville ha* h -cu evacuated by the foil- • • • * ( federate* and occupied by the Federali, f! undr Gen. Nelson. Humors arc also rife Ij in relation to the abandonment of t,\- lambus. They are conflicting, how. ver, , t ami leave the fact still in doubt. Heau-. j regard ii said to be there, and to be in 1 good health and spirit--, it is reported | that he counseled the evacuation of Ooluin- I bus. and favors the occupation of Chata- 1 t nog* or Me mphis, regarding either of the i latter posts as stronger and moro defensi- : ’ > tie than the “bishop’s ttronghohl.” Gen i !*w • | ■j A. S. Johnson, we b arn from the New ri \ ork lit raid, b iu North Alabama, with 1 , j 75,000 men, and, when thi* force shall be further increased, contemplates a flank movement against the Federal*, with a ; j view of hemming them in aud cutting off i their retreat. We have seen no other ul- 1 .1 1 union, howc-ve% f this potent!o i* schrn: , ’ | und consequently regard it as doubtful, to j ■ vay the least. Gen. Price U r* ported to f> be still on the retreat and Gen. Curtis in 1 pursuit. Occasionally a heavy skirmish . [ , ensues, but no general engagement lias i ■yt taken place. The “loyal” press! . Kerins to be wonderfully silent upon the* ■ 1 Sugar Cre*-k and we think it moiT , 1 •! than doubtful, that it resulted in a Federal! , j victory. Fayetteville, Arkansas, ha* been . | occupied by Gen. Curtis, and it is stated I that the whole fighting population of the, ’| State has been called out to resist the in- ; , . vader. ; The news from the South is meagre and j , ! devoid of special interest The inaugura- J [, tio > of President Davis took place at Rich-; , • tnond on the l2d ult.. and wc give his ad- ; , | dre, at full length, in to-day's issue. 11l Is a modest and unpretending paper, and . i characteristic of its author in every res-; j | pect. Iu his message to Congre.-*, he; .' docs nut deny that reverses- have n-ccntly ' I • been met with, at Roanoke Island and ! Jin the West, but \ spresse* full confidence! lin the ability and will of the Southern t j people to acquire their independence. lie ’ ( I estimates the C’oulederate forces, in the | ! field, at 400 ri-giment* of infantry and a| . proportionate nutiibi*r of cavalry and ar-' I I fillery. Besides this, each State has a ■ p; large iiulepcudeut force for coast and Hue ' defeticc-ff. No ’.ffioiai reports arc given of > | the late battles, n*r do the papers received seem to give anything new upon the sub iji ct. A change ha* been made in Ibe Cabinet, aiui Gen. Lee appointed Seercta t j ry of \Var. * Nothing new has Wen teemved from - j the Hurnsido expiilition. A rumor pre f ; vaila in Baltiutore. we learn, that the land r I for.*** have met with a severe reverse, but - 1 wc have no foundation f*r it beyond the i\ simple rumor. Weldon has not yet been r , occupied, and ih* great mission of the ex e 1 pedition remains ro I*; yet accomplished. There is nothit-g new from Favaunah, d | Fort Royal or Dickens. The report ‘. 1 capture of the former place turns out to be is j a baseless t'ubrieariun, but the indication* it ; are that an attack upon it is meditated, e ; It i? said to be dt fi-ndcd by quite a large it [ force. is I Congressional report* show nothing new i in the way of iegudattan. A bill has beet j int*c*lucd iu the Senate, allowing d j pet head for (be negroes in Maryland and i*? • I>v la ware, provided the people of the State e shall d.i lare in f’avnr of rmaiH*ipatu>ti. :r , This is the first step, we suppose, toward* [f the onsuiiimniioTi of the purpose for which I, • the existing war wo* levied, and is tbe eti i- ; tcring wedge to another slavery agitation •e i among tbe Stair* that romain iu the I nina. f- I Nothing ucw has transpired in (he Ma y I ryland worthy of special notice u— -—• ( ;Tliic treason and t*ct r.jith >.R! have , I pomo to a vote, an*! are nail) proving in disfavor with the Uni**nils “f the Stale.— A propcsitinn tn mhoikl ami extend tb** . .lav lair is pending the action f the Hmm. but it is ro| known (hit it will W adopted, j The body of an Irishman, named Mur- Jraj. was found on flu- road yesterday i morning, near fhc residence of Philip 11. lW*ry. E?q., in this district. It I* snp • pnprd that he died from exposure to the weather, and, as a jug of whiskey was found near him, that he had become to much intoxicated us to be unable to reach . his homo. [CjuurniCAm. Offer of the Kino oi Si aw to Sxm* | Klk fit ants to Amuu\%. —Washington. Fvh. -7 —The King uf Siam, in hit let i ter accompanying his valuable presents, ) *ys that elephants arc regarded as the i moat remark able of the large quadruped* by the Americans, so that if any one has lan elephants tusk < f large siae, and will d-po.-it it in any public place, people come I by thousands, crowding to see it, saying |it is a wonderful thing. For this and j these reasons he oflfrn* to procure £MwtW I elephants t> be let loose So increase and • multiply on the Continent of America. The President in reply n-murks: “This • Government would not hesitate to avail itself uf so generous an offer, if the object wre one which could he made practi ; rally useful in the present condition of the I "Tinted Stales. Our political condition, : howi v. r, does not reach a latitude so low 1 as to favor (he multiplication of the elc ) pJian’; and steam on land as well on water. has ben our best and most efficient agent i of transportation in internal commerce. i Message of the King of Siam to President Lincoln hum v*. iurnmi. The nm| Ring of Siam, in ktodnma wall inf-ant, , A to President Limoln haasent, Tt at if of the itst-ful m.il maatedua breed— Hie Elt-jhniit race—he* iiold aland in much need, 11 r 'lt *ei.l him an me aeed. * Hot Lincoln, they any. with x practical mind, • T.- iifiVr of Siam lots jro.|.iy declined ; iHe ha* witnessed the Elephant many a day i i And knows by experience (sad by the way) The j>ighi Uoes'nt pay. j a- | 1 So preetirur to Siam —he has taken the notion, ' . To prother Jo him -nr nwti lm oruottftii; , The Elephant. iieefid u .Stain may aeeni, I Tut in this country uf out's would be • alow . team. Not en ml to strain. i . A'oidd not our wiee Premier, in some lucky 1 , # i d ream. Fashion >nt a hir Elephant. trying hy steam. lA* a prersnt for Siam! <h happy creation * TwuiiM mti:l - h v;rmu-h Bteam of the nation i On a Fuicign Krlation. • I'a'CM! r.jfife. t Trtiotury Notes on demand | The Oath of Allegiance. In a bite issue of the CathJi c Mima t wo tind the following reference to the new 1 ! ... , test oath, with which our IsgisUrure pro- 1 • pores to raddle the conscience of the peo ple of this State : I To compel men to call on the Almighty •to witness a pledge which they give bat {do not mean to keep, front which their hearts n-coil—a pledge taken under duress , and the threat off tines and civil disa j bil'ities—a pledge which they believe to ibe a violation of their natural rights. ’ sounds like despotism worse than King i Duhuute)'*. like profanation unworthy ;of Christian legislators. We Irurt our j Legislature may never prefer Draco's i window to Solon’s, or pollute their Sla ' lute-Hook with civil authorization* which | not even mania', law. or military ncces- I silica have hitherto laid claims to. We ; cannot see why such a course should be 1 pursued, unless ont rulers think that ear I sins have been so grievous, that in a {spitit of penitence we must go before | the North with a rope round our necks. ■ and the implement* of self torture in mir hands, and make humble atonement i fur our unfortunate geographical position i and our efibrts in the peace convention i to preserve the Union from the wild fa ! natn-ism of Northern aud Southern ex ' tremist*. Kven political prisoners have i nut experienced from the stem demands | of military necessity, each oath-exactions as arc proposed to be administered tu i peaceful Marylanders. We know that iau oath less stringent in it* language, wan proffered to and declined by a re cent Maryland States Kigbts prisoner, in 1 Washington, and that the gallant soldier i who propounded it, admired the consei j ontioos consistency of the recusant, and ordered that he should be released on j his parole. The situation of Maryland is a pecu j liar one. With the Southern associations j habits and instilutions of its native pip i ulation. It could not be expected by any '■sane man, or demanded by any liberal statesman, that she should rush into this | strife, with the patriotic faror with which t the Northern heart appears te hare been j animated. No civilised being, mil the I statesmen at Washington, not her most . exacting enemy, could demand this from ,! her. And yet. ala* ! we at home seem I determined to te harder on ourselves | than other* are ; to be falling fast into • j political insanity. We seem determined , that every white citizen who scca u tin* r sit ife more danger than hope, shall sink ito a state more servile than the negro’s Ain*, that thou* State* whose sword* • • are Hashing for their country’* flag. I I should feel more for Maryland than her own . • natural protectors ! Not many weeks hare elapsed since two eititens of our Slate, who wore *. scaled in the Washington cars, were t discussing the unhappy |*>Mtijii of Ma . I rylaml, when looking around, they cs ,; pied an officer apparvrrly of high rank. < 1 *poc B*>*eiiig him they apoh'giiM'd fi y ..i| conversation. Vcmarking that they ■ 1 wci e tut aware cf hss *r>raaeiice and ol - i;ad ao ia.cui-oa cf being rude. t The officer replied. ••Gentlemen, your apology i cutin-ly unnecessary . I can . a|pre-iale your feeling. and were 1 a Ma * ryland<*r. my uwu wuuld fully accord with * them.** lacensks row Selling anp Tlimio in r : OrsTea*.—Th fullowing bill ha> l*ccn re ported in the lion*e uf (k-b^tin: ’ j Section I. Br it nutrfni 6y thr iarneru) AssttuUy *>f Mnrjflua-l. That the Clerk ol J the Court of Common I’lirw l . of ILdtimort* t city, and the Clerk* of the Circuit Court* i! of the several counties of this State, may i imua license* for selling and trading in 1 , oy | -rs in the *heli. Sec. 2. A )iccne shall contain the [names of not mor* than two p*r-o>n, ai d no more than one ?>jat or verr.-I, and shall , specify the length, breadth and gtn ral , description uf said boat or vessel. wh-r

-. the said lnat or vessel -hall not be regu , larly enrolh-d or licensed: but where said * i boat or vessel is r* gularly enrolled or ■ licensed then said enrollment or license i shall be detmted sufficient fur the purposes I ‘ <*f this art. ‘I See. 3. The p* v rson or person* obtain : j ing a license, shall pay fur the same at I ; the following rates, that is to say; fur all iJmtteaux. canoes or other vessej* of not | mole than five ton*, the sum of five dol lars; over five tons and less than ten tons i • the sain of ten dollar.-; ami for all vcsmU J over ten toys, at lh? rale of one dollar per | ton; provided, however, that any person j or person* not resident* of this State, shall 1 pay for said license double the rate* ■named in this section. See 4. No person shall sell or trade lin oyster*, (in the shell.) cither directly ior indirectly, without having first *b- I tained a license fur said purpose; and any I person so offending shall be fined not less 1 than twenty dollars n*r more than one ; hundred dollars for every offense, otto half fur the use of the State, the other half [for the use of ♦he person procreating f.-r the same. Nothing tu thr above section 1 shall apply to vessel* purchasing oysters for direet transportation l>eyoud the limits uf the State. Sec. 6 The Governor, on or b*fre the I 30th day uf April next, shill appoint one i person—la serve till the 30th day of April, 1 IHG4, unless sooner removed, aud hi*n , itially thereafter, by and with th * advice ! and consent of the Senate, on or before j the Ist day of March—a* inspector of li- I censes; to be located and stationed in the ! city of Haltimorc, whoe duty it *h dl be ! to examine the licenses of nil v s*-l> which ! he may have reason to believe arc engaged jin selling or trading in oysters; and a re- 1 * fusal of the captain or owner tu *how said | license, when called upon by said iusp* c-1 * lor, shall be deemed sufficient evidence of | the violation of this set, and may subject *• such captain or owner to prosecution for the same: and the said license inspector shall receive the sum of eight hundred j dollars per an mi m. to be paid quarterly. {out of the fund* accruing trom the sale of t said He* nsc*. i See. G. This aet shall take effect from the 30th day of April next. I I TIIK TIHKS. The phennineiia have in al! ages, oxei < ted curiosity. Various remarkable th-o rie* have been advanced regarding th | tides. Many of these uro so truly absurd j that it i* hardly worth while to refer to j them. Person* find it difficult to under . stand why the tides arc higher at one lime ‘ than another, and why they rise to the height of sixty in the Hay of Kandy; for :ty in the port* of Bristol. Knghind. St. Malo, France—and only ri.-e to a f-w feet lin height at New V*rk tnd other pltres. while they are scartvly perceptible in th * Baltic and other seas. Descartes was the j first philosopher who advanced the theory ; that the tide* were due to the influence of the moon, hut Newton was the first that worked out (he problem and discovered ! the truu cause. Dercarl-* believed that the moon acted on (he waters of the ocean ; by pressure; Ncwtou demonstrated that it acted on the ocean by attraction; (hat instead of presenting the water*, it rolled them up directly under it. and al*o at its antipodes at the same, thu* producing the ’ two tides every day. The tides are at tractions of both the suit and the moon.— llf the earth had no moon, the attraction *of the sun would produce two tides every but their ebb and How would take 1 place at the saute hour regularly, not va- I rying as they do now; these tides wuuld 1 | also be much smaller than those of the moon. Although the mass of the suu is j far greater than that uf the moon, ami 1 though attraction is in proportion to the [ | atass. yet it is also in versely a* the square ;of the distance. A* the sun, therefore, is [ four hundred limes more distant than the moon; the attraction of the waters of the 1 j sea towards the sun i* found to be about | three times less thau those of the moon. ' the tides produced by the sun would be j thice time* less than those of the moon. ‘ There are really two ocean tide*, the I lunar and the solar, but (he latter is ab ( sorbed by the former, which :■ wholly ( observable in respect to time, the solar ( j only, as it influences the height of the s j tidal wave That caused by the moon i* ( j three times greater than of the sun. and ( {it follows the moon’* motion around the ( ! earth, rising and falling every twelve | h-mrs, and each succeeding tide later by ( : three quarters of an hour than the pre j i ceding ones, exactly in accordance with ( , the positions of the moon, or as it is com t j n*inly called, its rising sod netting.— s ■ Scitutiji*: American. * i PoptLATiUN op Fasvcß.—The Mon*, lltcur has just published a table containing i a classification of the populathm *f the ent e ; pi re by sexes and civil condition, accord t' ing tu the census of 1561. The total ol c ' (he cighty-nitic depart incuts, consisting o| - 37.3*2,325 inliubitaiit*. include 15,G42,< - [ rO4 uudcu and 18.73it.721 females. (>1 . Jthe male*. 10.210,736 are unmarried. 7,- r 303.024 married, ami 028,724 widower*. Of the females. 6 487.341 are unmarried, f ,7.437,115 married, and 1,71*5,005 wid . OKI. r ’ The Tascarora and Haahville i riir L'>n | ! ,, n .4i ncncitv publishes the - following letter. written by the captain o( 1 the United Sutcu steamer TuK*apra, who , yivcf bin idea of British ueutrallt}’ ill u*rt plain terms: U. S. SnCAMI'.R TcwiuMi. > .; Off CW*j. February i > I>kab Sin:--The Bri'ish Government have just added a brilliant chapter to rh.ir f page -f bhtorr. iu lb* escape of the pirate (•stewner Na>hville. The waul of fo J if faith that has been exhibited toward uo s* would, in all of its details, require a longer , u,ue lu record than I uuw have at my dis iposal. Lei it suffice that, from the I Oth January to the 2#h. I hare been con '• stantly beset with ruh*, which were each 1 week chang’d, each week made more 1 stringent, and gave every advantage te I the pirate, which they desired to turn • linuc upon our commerce. Finally„ on ■ the 20ih, I was peremptorily ordered to I lm.ee Mr p>>rt. Accordingly, on the iSOtli. r I departed, but as it was blowing a heavy • gale, I came to anchor iu \ aru.oufh 1 Holds. The gale over, I on the lt weut to sen, arrived in the Channel. and • returned here on thc&i, to liil up my coal f and learn the now*. It No sooner did 1 drop my anchor than t the fact was communicated v by telegraph ■ to those interested at Southampton, (.'apt. Patey. K. N.. was, by my friends i:i South •• a nipt on, seen then to go on board the ‘ Nashville in uniform He remain'd but a few minute#, and left her for the des* patch-boat. Both steamers then left the 1 j wharf. Signal at the same time was made ( to the Shannon lying near in?, to get un der way. This manoeuvre we witnessed without knowing its meaning, until thu ; Nashville hove iu sight with the despatch ! boat in company. Oapt Patey immediately came on board •uf my vewl to notify me that I could not d* part until the reunited interval of twen ty-four hours had elapsed. I replied th it basing given my word that I would ob : serve all the laws iu this matter, his visit , was unnecessary ; but that 1 must take ’ the occasion to say that good faith hail not { been kepi with mu—that while I was re quired to he governed by a set of arbitra ry rules, the pirate was {H-rmitted to re - main at the do ks to watch her opportutii ’ ly wh u I should return. I I cannot help bdieviug and saying that evident collusion existed iu this whole i plan of escape. 1 have not time to say more—l am off for a cruise. Can’t coal in British domin ions for throe mouths. Will let you hear from mo in a few days. ! Most truly voum. T. Aims. Ckavkn. T I Contraband Turrits —lias not the ; present government deprived men of their I liberty ‘without due process of law, for 1 i distrusting its fiiuiity and integrity ? ‘ Has it not .established a censorship of' thu press to prevent the of dis -1 trust ’! * Has this not been done *n the name of liberty and patriotism ? Is a government that attempts by force to prevent censure of its public ants. hm- i I ear ? is it repul IL-an i N ty, is it not d spolic ? { I low do desp >ts cu-t:iin themselves iti | Europe but by rewarding those who praise * and defend them, and punishing thus..* who i censure ? | Can the despotism which alone sutaiiii ; the monarch!-# of Kuropu lc practised in I a Republic and not destroy it ? | Can a war for the supremacy of written • ('institution be succ-s-ful while the Con stitutional party its rlf violate* that Cont i | tutiou with impunity ? ) (.’an a government that guarantees pro (tectum to life, lilwrly and property he mis Uiued by a war that is made the pretext .fur unlawfully depriving p<ac cable citi*. u* ; of their liberty and property ? Is *i?tatc necesiiy’ a valid and sufficient jP : ea for usurpation of power by a Re pub | lican government ? f Did any free people ever yield their lib j erty a sacrifice to despotism except upon I the altar uf ‘State uccc-Ncily V Anot.mo.v or Slavkut in Mai.vland and Dxlawakk.—Thu following is a copy Juf a joiul resolution which, it instated, will Ibe offered iu the Senate by Mr.- Wilson, •of Massachusetts for aid to the people of Maryland and I) la ware in abolishing sla very within their limits : Hcsulred hy the S tuttr and Home tf ( ttrprejeutatire* uf the United Stnten tf \ America ni O'U'jrt** astinUni. Thai in S ca * i ‘ j* 16 iitetes of Maryland and Delaware, , within two years from and after the pas j sage of ibis resolution shall euact that all , j persons held to service or labor within ij ad States, by reason of African descent. ! shall be dbeharged and freed of and from ,; *ll claim to such service or labor, and that . 1 neither slavery nor involuntary servitude. 1 except for crime, whereof the parly shall be duly convicted, sh:dl thereafter exist iu . *nid States, and shall furnish to the gor urument of the United States a correct list . j of all such persons so freed and discharged . | within said Slates, then it shall be lawful . j rir the President of the United States to • I to lie issued and delivered to the ;; proper authotitics of said States (be bonds i United Slates, payable twenty-five I years after date, and bearing interest at the rate of six per centum per annum, to ' sucb an amount aa will enable aaid States f! lo ™ ake . c°nipruaib to loyal persons . i within aaid States to an amount equal to i j hundred and fifty dollars for each per . j son so discharged and freed from service .' or labor. \ ' A Voter from “Old llincmv.”— -1 "The Constitution of the United States I I unquestionably intended to secure to th.- - prople a circulating medium of gold and -1 silver. fi “1 am and ever have been opposed to •f all kinds of trovernment pajK*r currency. • hi it be derived front exch. ouer or other f wise. - , “A national currency is a great i. kcurse U the laborer uf the for it* 1. depreciation always falls upon (he la 1- ! borer.** t - ANDREW JACKSON. ! Rkmoi or* Malady in Illinois.—The j. inhabitant* of thu towns .of Warren and f in Jo Ibv#s< county. Hi , a r9 , in a Slate uf t-'C.dderahl'- excitement at f the appi*arance and biig coutinuance of a nmhidy 'all'tl ‘he appareii?'y caused by a n'lighnut cvitemciit. It ;| j,. pears that in the fall of 180JJ. R,-v. H-n v Will and his Wife came t • lli.it virility and I o mimriiced a vf protracted meet in s f at U’ elw* and R biuson school houses. ">t p which u g n-ml interest wu manifest d. 1 By and hy a young lly, :liut fif v t) ■ years old, became attacked with a stranyo r twitching of the muscles, which ; <ul -J * , into a contir.ml jot king. Very soon, oth -1 er.- of a similar ages were likewise aff-et ■ ed, and vni’tou-* theori a were advanced > connecting th** jerking with supernatural * or divin** inflm ucc, such us th a it was a * inanif* station in answer to prayer, or ikat * it had something to d * with voue une u.- * : verted frb-ud; but all ht*sw* theories pnv. d * false. The “j- rks” still continued and spread, although the religion* excitement ’j subsided. Medieiue has ode red no pi-r --* ! inanciit relief In unny eases the pa t : n-xysms have quite a resemblance to at\ i epileptic fit. but in most eases they are a I perfect nondescript. In a few cases theso * jerks” have thrown two young men to i the ground, apparently sensele.-s for a time, in a kind of stupor, which soon 1 pns-cs off. A number of p tsoiis afflicted have exhibited plain manifestations of 1 j mental aberration. The people are K-- • coming alarmed, and recently held a pub lic meeting, appointed a committee of in , vestigatiuii, but nothing satisfactory wax • attained. > Tun PirrxuKM'K. Tweedledum —Sava : Mr. Seward, the stump orator. “It is very i disgraceful to arn st a runaway negro at | the North, and send him all the way to , the place from which he escaped, before allowing him a jury trial.” Tinrdlcd. e —Says Mr Seward, tlu> . Secretary of Slate. "It is all right t > ar rest white men and worn n in loyal States • having loyal laws and loyal courts, and • loyal juries, and incarcerate them in Fort Lafayette or Fort Warmt. without trial or examination of any sort, without indict ; ment or wnrraiit or anv of the forms 0 f law. and keep them th ro until it i, my pleasure to let them <> t, or until they liu and are carried <>uf in their e>fftris.” So ! says the iVovi IctiOO ( R. I.) /’u*/. 1 ’ - """ VB V ■ I illnnici. j On Saturday h>r. by rln* |{ v. Father Cutting J. L. [Il iVHI.\>():V tu VNN 1 L. JOHNSON. I * . OBITUAKV. The Late Heavy G Garner. Eq- The great and m.exjeered joss which > thu community has sustaineti by the death ( of tins lamented geutleman. was evinced Iby the large an! r..p rfabh; assumhlv j whiidi attended his inlermeiil at Chaptico :on the *J7th ultimo. Sm h tribute uf tespect wasdus from thu i sons and g aud-s • sofa general Jo;, ahjrh ha* nearly [a nd aaay. and of which Mr, ■ Garner was one <>f def,. V e v few. ru- I preMi-ntatives th >1 remain*d a., ong e.s ; was due to the u-s- elate un i t*.itiili r | friend of their father* an i grind-fathers - jand a’liove all. Was due to one who. by i - | tegrity and honorable exertion, secured to himself high social position, and who. dnr ling a long and na-ful life. dischargd. in lan xemplary manner, th • duties of hu>- I hand, father, citizen and t>i.-ti I ( Though averse by hnhir an>! disposition | from foolL'it or oxtrivag mt display, hii home was di-tingui*hed for a g. ni d and unosteiilali"LX hospitality , which was cii-r extended liberally and kin 11 v to neighbors, | friends and the strang* r su -*t. j To groat good K-iiv', and a judgin it ( form d and niaturod by hi g and k en •’*- j sertation of “men and tuaum rs.” he unite 1 i a huuiaue and kind disposition, which fitted j him iu an entim tif ilrgr*e for the office of | Foreman ot the Grand J try. a simatioa ; which he oecupi-.d almost u.iint-rrup'edlv jtor a quarter a century. As presiding i ottieer d a tribunal iinjiiisitfirinl in Its pro , coeditip. and wliosj ai-ii u mu>i be dt t* r i mined in most pari by ptirt. -tat - men's h ever guarded vigilantly and wisely ” again! the approach* * of secret emntfv, j p'rfts'ol or |M>litical. and to fii< • inGuenco and counsel many individual)- an i I respectable families have h>*en spared tho j annoyance and mortification of iiniu-t ar jraignmenl. Poswess.fl an ample ir.de , pendenee, tnu result <f in any years of suc ! uessful mercantile pur-uifs. he was ever eager to an 1 as ist tie ; efforts of youthful exertion and n terptixe, and was prompt by pruff'T ( of his means au4 hmi.ii; to sustain his ; friends and neighbors under pressure of pecuniary difficulties and reverses. In polities, lie was Conservative, and hia j attachment to lho principles and leaders of I I "the great Whig party” was ardent and i uuaelfinh, Nevcrtnchss. political predi , Icctioni did not mar private friendship, (r , his intercourse with the leading men oftl.c , j various p-ditieil parties of his dy was j i mark' d by thu interchange of eou.l.ous , * and friendly office , i lie was by birth, education and convlc i ho* a sincere meuilicr of the Protestant i 1 Episcopal Church, fr. '{ocntly repr settled . j his co-religionists in h .-r dioeostn Oauven . lions, and for the space of half a century | wisJscr faithful officer. l-nitil within a few wmk* of his death, ! bis genera) appej.rai.ee asjd seemingly un ; broken constitution promised many tears • ’ of lift and usefulness, but an in-idious nis '! ease, aggravated by the grief aq*l aniic l ; ties iocidciitai to “the evil days that we | fallen on,” terminated the existence of out a, whose uamo will long remain connect d . with many grateful and pleasing rceolKc -1 ti-.us. ihe last and solemn rit-s that du*t can t • render unto <iu*i have Inti, paid to hi? rt s j mstuH. and this tribute of a.i old and *or - rowing friend is willingly sod moM re -1 sprr tmilv off:red to hi* m< ujm v. C.