Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 13, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 13, 1862 Page 1
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||)l if VOL. XVIH. TOWN. Ml>.. THURSDAY SORNING. MAttCII 13.1862. SO 11 . SAINT MAST’S BEACON '; IB PUBLISSIEI) EVKRT THURSDAY BT 1 J.F.EDT6. ft JAMES 8. DOWMB. | 0* I Tn:jw?iwaiimo!i.—sl.so per an- x Dcm. to le*psitl within six months. No * < subscription Still be received for a short- ! i (X ff iiid tbn WfNWhf, and no’ paper \ be duconlinuod until all arrearage* are . i ) aid, except at the option of the publish- j t,s „ 1 Terms of Advertising.*- iv ppr t square or the first insertion, and i ets. for every buL.soqucnt insertion. — \ Twelvtliuc* of less constitute a square.— \ ll tlu nuiuher ur insertions he not marked i in the ad\er:iseinviit. it will be publish- i id until forbid, and charged accordingly. ] A liberal de 1 action made to those who i advertise by the year. 1 PAPEUS FOll THE PEOPLE. The Telescope nr.d its Marvelois Eev eUtioLs It i> related of the wise l and illustrious ft allien, that a report having reached hint of ill* construction of an opiii al instru ment by limans of which distant objects appeared as if th< y were near, that phi losopher, forcibly struck with the advan tage which might be derived from the contiivanee, instantly directed his at tention to the discovery of its nature The night after he hoard the account, the construction of such an instrument occur red to him; the day following, he put the , sc\>ral parts of it together; and the teles cope which he thus invented is still cal -1-d by bis name. With that noble frank m-ss tor which he was, remarkable, and 1 which ought always to distinguish the tiue philosopher troni th? empiric, he forthwith explained publicly the structure and wonderful uses that might be made of ilie instrument: mid shortly afterward, in deserved acknowledgment *f his eminent scientific merit, llie Hepubiic of Venice more than tripled the afary-attaching to his professorship ItITRACTING AND REFLECTING TELESCOPE*. I Astrononomical refracting telescopes ii.ay be discribed as consisting essentially ot two glasses: the one named the objrcl gla*s receives the rays proceeding from tin.- object, and forms an image of it in its focus; while tlie of In r—the eye-glass —serves for looking at this image. The t nlargcineut produced by this kind of tel escopc proceeds from two causes. The image formid in the fis-us is already en larged when seen by the naked rye. be cause it is at a distance of but seven or eight inches from it; a distance much less than that which separates the lens from the focus, so that it is thus seen under an enlarged angle; but its enlargement is par ticularly due to tlie eye-glass, which is a lens of very short focal distance. These asUununiieui refracting telescopes are very powerful, stine of them magnifying as much as a million times or more, thus ren dering iln mofgn at value*. Reflecting teb scopes consist of a pol ished metallic reflector, in the focus of which the image is formed by reflection ; Vul as this image cannot be seen through the reflector, a small mirror is employed to project it laterally, *r else behind the n Hector, tl.ough a small opening made in it for the purpose. The original rays are supposed to strike parallel upon the reflec tor. This double reflection is attended with the inconvenience of considerably diminishing the light; for it is well known that the must polished mirror hardly re flects more than half the light incident upon it. Thus, with equal dimensions, a reflecting telescope has only a fourth part of the power of a refracting telescope, for refraction dors not sensibly diminish the light. To measure the height of the stars, vnd for a multitude of other operations, refracting telescopes have in their field of, view metallic threads, variously arranged, and of cxtieine delicacy, being considera bly finer than spider’s thread*. The, means by which they are procured is in- j genious. The threads, which are of pla tina. are first drawn out, as flue an they can be made with the wire-drawing ap parntm*: they are then put into cylinders, into which melted silver is poured: and thus they form the axi* of silver cylinders, which art* themselves subjected to the wire-drawing process. PRO DVCT ION OF OBJECT-GLASSES. The great difficulty experienced in so- , curing telescopes ot the desired power, is in regard to the optica I'glass; and, until a quite recent period, the glass-maker has been unable to supply, with any certainty, even moderately large masses of faultless To he thus faultiest, for optical purposes, glass must have a uniform den sity. a high refracting power—if flint-glass —color 1 l**mu*ks, freedom from striae, and lastly, an aWnce of air-biibblea To meet these requirements has staggered the resources of the whole scientific world Th*e difficulty ha* l*ecn measurably over come, however; and glass discs of any rc required din’em* bus may now be made, with a ccuHdviable d gret of certainty that ( *f TO LITEKATCHE. NEWS. AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. they will be free fSL sen -us imperfee tiona. - Tile difficulties which so long stood in the way of perfecting this branch , of the glass-maker’s art were, chiefly, the cxistanee of stria, from inequalities of den sity in different parts of the mass, the pre tence of air-bubbles, which were given; off in a late stage of tbe-proeess of fusion, , ■nd the deterioration frawi ■lhaq• implements atm mean&* employed in stir ring. To overcome this objection, the * practice was resorted to of stirring the molten mass in tin* pot by means of a stir- i rer composed of the same materials as the I pot itself, in place of an iron rod, before used. This simple expedient, combined with great skill, especially in the construe- 1 tion of the furnace, and in the process of annealing, has enabled M. Bautemps to 1 produce a disc of faultless flint-glass of: twenty-nine inches in diameter; and' weighing over two hundred pounds. The chief cost of refracting telescopes has formerly been in the object-glasses. The Cambridge object-glass—one of the 1 largest in use—is about sixteen inches in diameter, and its cost is understood to i have been about fifteen thousand dollars, the whole instrument costing nearly twice that amount. A new telescope of the largest dimensions is now in the process of construction for the Paris observatory. The objective of the telescope will be con structed with two discs of flint-glass and! crown-glass. These glasses arc deemed irreproachable, and were purchased for ( fifty thousand francs; and it is expected that the objective made from them will leave a diameter of scronty-thr;c centime- • tn s. If the curvature obtained be pr- j feet, (he achromatism without fault, and | the expected size be obtained, France a ill have the most powerful lens in the world. PENETRATION OP THE STARRY NEBI’L.E Through the power of this wonderful | instiuiueiit, the human eye is enabled to sweep through vast systems. Even by the sides of our system, whore but few stars are visible, (he gigantic telescope of the Knrl Kossc has been turned; and there, firmaments have been discovered like i our own—covered with innumerable stars, j seeming, in (hat vast distance, like a spot ! glittering with the dust of thousands of ! diamonds, one almost appearing to touch another, yet each lying from each mil lions of mile apart, ami every one doubt -11 s* a huge world. The enormous tele scope erected by Mr. Craig, the English ‘astronomer, resolves the Milky Way not simply into beautiful and brilliant star dust. to use the language of astronomers, but subdivides this “dust” into regular constellations, showing counterparts of the Orion, the (jreal Hear, and the other 1 brilliant galaxies of our system, adorned, lin addition, with the most varied and gorgeous colors. The lenses arc so per fectly achromatic, that the planet Saturn ■ appears of ndlk-like whiteness. It has ! also separated some of the double stars in the Great Hear, and shown di>tinctly a clear distance of fifty ot sixty* degrees ,; between them, with several other stars I occupying the intervening space bet ween, A familiar illustration of the extraordina ry magnifying power of this instrument • is afforded in the fact, that by it a quar ter-inch letter can be read at the dis tance of half a mile. It also magnifies 1 the light of the moon forty-thousand I times, rendering it a most magnificent ob ject, and perfectly colorless, and enabling 1 the observer to trace the outlines of the various mountain ranges very distinctly. * It is known that the light of the sun takes one hundred and sixty minutes to move to the remotest planet of our solar system; ami so vast is the unoccupied spaces be : tween us and the nearest fixed stari that . light would require five years to * pass through it—and this, when traveling a space vast is the circumference of the earth which we inhabit, iu the twinkling of an eye. Hut this space is nothing, compared to the distance of the stars which have b,-cn discovered by the tele scope, which are, beyond doubt, many thousands of times more distant from us than the nearest fixed star, the light of , which must have traveled thousands of years before it became visible to us, even ly the aid of the powers of the great tele seope. Before the discov?ry of the tele seopcv our esirlll was supposed to be the only planet that had a tuu to light it by * day, and a moon to shine upon it by night. But by the telescope, other sous and moon and vast worlds have Wen discov ered, compared with which our earth is but a speck, TUB KOSSE AND CRAIG TELESCOPES. The magnificent telescope constructed by Lord UoNte, is one of the greatest achievements ever recorded in this branch of science. The diameter of the large ’ speculum is six feet; its tbicknc-ss. five and a half inches; its Weight, three and three-quarter tons, and' its composition one hundred and twenty-six parts of cop per, to fifty-seven and one-half parts of tin; its focal length is fifty-four feel, the | table 1 eing of deal; its lower part —that in I which the speculum is placed—is a rube ot eight feet, the circular part of the tube ' being, at its centre, seven ami oue-half feel iu diameter, and, at its extremities, * six and one-half feet. It command*, *aa 1 \ may well be uppowl, an immense field of|| vision, and it in said that objects a* small It as one hundred yards ewbe can be ob-jj observed at a distanee of two hundred 11 and forty thooaand miles by it, in (belt moon. By tbs aid. too, of this mighty j I eftnflHffte heretofore called account of their cloud-like appearance, have been discovered to be suns or stars, 1 \ with planets moving round them, like j I ikoae which revolve round our own cun. i The Craig telescope, already referred t to, bas a main tube seventy-six feet in i length: but with an eye-piece at the nar- ! i row end, and a dewcap at the other, the I total length in use is iucreascd to eighty- i five feet—the design of the dew-cap being ’ 1 to prevent obscuration by the condensation j 1 'of moisture which takes place during the night, when the instrument is most in-use. , Its exterior is of bright metal, and the. interior is painted black. The focal dia- : taacc varies from seventy-six to eighty- ! five feet. The tube, at its greatest eir-:' 1 cuinfcrence, measures thirteen feet, ami this part is about twenty-four feet from the object-glass; the large flint glass is twenty- j | ft/hr inches in diameter—perfectly clear and homogeneous in structure. Notwiib ' standing the immense weight of the insirn- \ nient, and its great sise, the machinery is ! such that it can move either in asimutb, ' or up to an altitude of eighty degrees, , with as much case and rapidity as an or- • dinary telescope, and, from the nature of the mechauical arrangements with far j • greater certainty as to results. j ATTILA, THE SCOURGE OF GOD i In the early part of the fifth century, when the northern or Gothic nations were i hotlv contending with the tottering empire ' of Home for the dominion of Europe; when new communities were settling in Spain ! and Germany, and the Franks were be- I ginning in Gaul to assert, first their own I j freedom, and then her sway over their ; weak neighbors; when Christianity was beginning to assert her influence over the wild barbarians in the Helvetian morasses and in the German woods, and the dawn of a better’day seemed to glimmer over' the world through the dark shades of bar barism. superstition and cruelty, there crept a storm over Europe, that had well ( : nigh crushed and blighted in its fury the tender blossoms of new civilization. From the steppes of central Asia, the desolate region lying between the frozen tracts of Siberia and the lofty Himalaya range, there arose a race of mon, who, pouring 1 ‘ over Europe, like a swarm of locusts, de vouring every green thing, and left behind • them ruin, misery and desolation. liinu- 1 mcrablc as the sands on the sea shofe/pit- i ilcsv as the blast that swept their native plains, they were in themselves sufficiently 1 > calculated tc inspire fear in the minds of ' the half civilized trills against whom they ' i! turned their arms; but the terror caused .! by the first arrival reached its culminating i > I point, when they marshalled at last, not ; by a rude, unthinking savage, but by a leader who united to consummate cunning and dauntless valor, the most unbounded < ; andtiupilfying ferocity ; a king who. by vast success in the the field, and the pit:- • less rancour with which he hunted down I his foes, acquired a name pronounc'd by i his enemies with fear and trembling, and ’ came to be known throughout the length f | and breadth of Europe aa the “Scourge of God,** the rod with which an outraged i Providence was supposed to smite the ua f! tions of the earth. ' The Huns, for so these formidable stran-! i gers were called, were wandering tribes; ; of the Tartar plains. Possessing no fix- * |ed abode, they wandered from place to | { place, as dwellers in tents and keepers j [of cattle. Their aspect was hideous to ? j belndd. They had flat noses, huge i heads, broad shdolders and huge mua-, cular arms. They wertf short of stature, i and their thin legs, weak and crooked, seemed unable to support the huge square bodies and enormous heads which ap ‘j peared rather to belong to evil demons .than mortal men." Thus they seldom 1 appeared on foot, all their tuanoeuvers ; of advance and retreat, of attack and ! defence, being executed, on horseback. { When once mounted, horse and man | seemed to fora but one creature, and • almost to realize the ancient superstition concerning the centaurs. Thrir skill in ! archery struck a chill to the hearts even ; of*thc brave Goths; and with “their tough lances thrusting sure/* and their; harsh voices yelling like the howls of savage beats! above the din of battle. I they swarmed Kke wolves tbibugh the? l affrighted fields of southern aud'cectra)' i Europe. One horrible custom they htd, i > that completed the disgust and abhor-' > rence with which these ferocious stran gers wore regarded—they aKs their meat i taw. Each warrior placed upon bis horse's baek, beneath the saddle, a gArat r piece of beef or horse flesh ; and when the action of riding had rendered the fragment somewhat tender, the savage would devour it wish the voracity of a famished tiger, washing down hit* say-, age 'repast with huge drafts* of sour: milk Such weft the Huns. **Ferodtous

imaginings of the dark*fiiaea ia w||ifl|4hey lived, barbarous^beyond the flinocptioi) of the iahabitaufe of be liighljlJf they proved *K agents, hi COtMi tbq decrees of the wild, cruel Jcspi# r jgho deluged the West with Ibfttoßll* be called himself an Juiti Almighty^ Attila was one of those mighty spirits which arise from *time to time, endowed to all appearance with the power nod will to crush a world. He was wor shipped as a god by his followers whom he led from victory to victory, while he ruled them with a rod of iron. “Where his hoise’s hoof had trod.” said super stition, “the grass could grow no more.” Smiling fields and populous cities stood before him ; but a bowling wilderness marked the track his savage hordes had taken. From the borders of the Black Sea to the*banks of the Rhine ho led the Huns, laying waste the country as he went. The affrighted populace fled everywhere before him ; and there were not a few who asserted, in the extremi ty of their fear, that the end of the world had come, and that the final judg ments foretold in the Scriptures were about to full on the earth, by the hand of the “Scourge of God.” The Etsteru'Empire was the first to suffer from the invabr’s fury. Greece was laid waste from end to end, and Con stantinople only escaped destruction, by the payment of a tremendous rans tin. Onward through central Europe, towards Gaul, swept the mighty torren*; and among (he country people there still sur vive tales of the horrors that accompanied ; the march of these ruthless men, still are to be found in various parts of Germany I great mounds and fortifications of earth, | erected in the vaiu hope of cheeking the foe in his onward course, and distinguish ed by the nauics of Hun’s Mountains and Hun's Ditches. Insulated attempts were, however, far too feeble against such an in- I vasion, and right onward, past the Rhine, came the hordes of Attila. Nothing stop ped the> progress, and tls ftc of Eu rope trembled in the balance. Then, at last there seems to have flash ed upon the minds of the scathed nations of the West the great idea that in union alone could a sure defence be found. Franks and Visigoths, Gvulsand Romans, forgot for a moment their mutual animosi ties, and resolved to stand side by side to repel the common enemy. Near (.’bal lons, on the broad plains of the river Marne, the nations of the West stood or jayed to make one desperate stand against their terrible antagonist. There stood Thcuduric the brave monarch of the Vis igoths, with Mcrovig, the great warrior, ! the founder of the first race of Frankish 1 kings, and the Romish race of Gauls, un* j der their last brave pro-consul, (Ktins. On the other tide came Attila, with hi; innuuieiable legions of horse men, and i crowd of barbarians wh mi be hud pressed into his service as aux l aries. Tin : monarch of the Huns fully understood tin . importance of the crisis; and in his haran gue to his troops before the battle, pro > mi sod gieat rewards to the brave win should insure him victory, and mcnaccc with death the cowards who riiould (lee. The battle was obstinate and bloody. So long as the arrow and the javelin wen the weapons for attack the linns had tin advantage; but when darts and spear: . bad been hurled, and the combatant*eaim to closer quarters, Roman discipline am ►tubboru Gothic valor began to tell Foaming with rage, Attila saw his pr in ; iscd victory escaping from him; sud whei i evening came, and two hundred thousand ; of his*followers lay dead upon the field, In sullenly gave the signal fur retreat; aim the deepening night put an end to tin 1 carnage, f Then followed a night of suspense, i. which neither side knew what the ciieinj were doing. When morning dawned, i< shone upon a scene calculated, in I lion rude times, to excite the admiration cvti iof an exasperated foe. During the hour: of darkness the Huns had formed a com . plete fortification, after their fashion, will the wagons which always followed then train. Within the inclusure formed bj , these carriages stood the warriors in : ! deep circle, rank upon rank, many f then i holding torches in their hands, lu tin centre they had raised an immense pile formed of the wooden saddles of tlndi horses, the yokes of ihtdr oxen, and all the limber they could collect; and on tin summit of the giant mound towered, torcl : in band, the form of Attila. Driven U desperation by the unlooked-for reverse! of the previous day. the savage king haul determined to. fire the pile and perish ir the flames, rather than fall a captive into j the bands of foes. Courage even if it were the courage ol despair, was (he quality most respected in ' those of warfare. (Ktius and Me - rovig declined attacking an enemy w humble, yct>o proud in his debasement. Thrv remained at some distance; and slow ly and silently Attila drew off the remain* of bis army, and retired beyond the . Rhine. * The “&c*h£ge of God” was bro • ken, : apd Europe brcaJed more freely. Vet another year and the savage king i i i * succumbed to a monarchy more powerful 1 ' and pitiless than himself—even - to the ; grim King of Terrors. He had menaced i. Rome with the remains of bis army—* \ 1; horde still formidable, even after the loss ( hey tyfd sustained, by their numbers and. Bui a dark presentiment secndM upon him; lie drew oriS? . men, and retired to Upper Italy, where i' he died. His followers mourned deeply for their 1 great chief. They interred him in a gold en coffin, inclosed in an outer shell of sil i; ver; and the slaves who had dug his grave ■ were all slain, that none might be tempted ; >' by the wealth deposited there, to disturb the monarch's resting place. Thun with ’ mourning and lamentation, the Huns fled I k back toward the East; and to this day no i man knows where the “Scourge of God” I lies turned. - u #■ ■ M ETHEN ALLEN. I ; j A good story is told of Col. Ethcn Al , .lon, whose services to his country in the . ‘times that tried men’s souls/ was only , equalled by his daring assertions of the . nght of private opinion on theological t matters. A well known divine, the pas , lor of a village church, called one evening !on the Colonel, and while enjoying his , true New England hospitality, at the sup e per table the conversation naturally turu . I ed upon church matters. y Quoth the minister, Colonel, how docs it happen tint a man of your extensive in s fiueiice and information has never seen it j to be his duty ;oin our society ? You ~ know wo want laborers in the vineyard ; j especially such laborers as }-ou. —Your e • example would tend greatly to strength ..; en our hands and fortify our hearts ; against the dire assaults of the Evil e onc * ’. ‘Well, brother/ replied Allen, ‘I have ] often thought, as you do about busi nc-s, and one day had almost made up my ’ | miud to fall into the ranks, but that night I I had a dream which caused me to give ; j it up.’ ‘And what did you dream ?’ exclaimed I ihe minister/ . j ‘Well, 1 thought I was standing at the R ( entrance of Paradise, and saw a man go |( : up and knock ’ ! ‘Who’s that*:’ asked a voice from with in. ’ ‘A friend, wishing admittance/ was the *. reply. _, ‘The door was opened and the keeper r stepped out. . * “Well, sir, what denomination did you t , belong to down yonder'/’ ji ’I was an Episcopalian,* replied the can didate for admittance. ‘Go in, then, and take a seat near the ’ door on the cast able.* J ust then another stepped up ; he was a , Presbyterian, and the guardian directed R • him to a scat. A large number were admitted, and rc j ceived directions where to scat tbem t selves I I then stepped up to the eu trance. ~ j ‘Well sir, what arc you V* asked the guardian. 0 i ‘1 am neither High Churchman, l*rea- byterian, Lutheran Calvanist, (3;ttholie or Jew ; but I am that same old Elheii Al that you have probably beard of down be lt ' *oW e ‘What I the same man who took Ticon •s deroga ?’ c 1 ‘The same/ I replied. ,j ‘All right. Ethan,’ said lie,’ just step in | and nt limru irfitrr y>m jjratr.’ I- - ' **♦**• flflt n A Noblk Boy,—-Not long since, a ueat- J ly dressed little b*jy not more riian ten e years old, was standing on the aide walk d;of u crowded s‘rect, watching the people e as they pass. d. Presently a litlU girl, several years younger than himself, in at j tempting to cross the muddy street, fell, y and soiled her dress and hurl herself con it : siderably. In a moment the little fellow e , ran to her, helped her up, spoke to her in n the kinder tones, inquired where she liv •g ed, and led her away toward her home.— i- ’ .She was not a pretty child, neither was she h handsomely dressed on the contrary, she r looked very poor, but the noble little fcl y luw did not top to think of that. * He a saw that she needed assistance, and that u was enough. His heart was full 9f kind c ness which only waited fur an opportunity to show itself. One could carily tell that ir boy’* fortune. Ho has a good uiollter, |) and he listens to her instruction*. He e will grow up beloved and happy. He will h never be pour, fur be already possesses o the choicest treasure—a kind heart. Try a and be like biui. d j ■ r *. Mauvi.axd U- S. Snat*r.—On Wed -0 nosday evening the Union members of the Maryland legislature held a caucus at >f’ Annapolis to nominate a candidate for U. n 8. Senator to succeed the Hon. Anthony >- Kennedy, whom; term expires on the 4th v of Mach of next year. There were seven . ty-four member* present, and there were - five unsuccessful balloting*. The vote * stood as follows:—Keverdy Johnson, &>; e H. Winter Davis, 11; Thomas Alexander, 11; Thomas Donaldson, 7. As no one obtained a majority there was no ehoico, * and the caucus adjourned until Monday. —■ ■ ' IJi—l- I- 1 The Kcßoraan Conspiracy against Mex ico.—ll is settled that the Austrian Prince, Maxitnilidb, is to be King of Mexico, if French and Spauidh bayonet* will build , him r throne in the balls of the Montesu jwn. There has boon some doubt; huh by the Arabia’s news. “Barkis is wil lin’ !” We cannot say we arc surprised to learn ; that a belief is gaining ground in London and Paris that the British Govern moot will not be a consenting party to this i plot, on the ground that the creation of a monarchy in Mexico was no part of the original Convention, to which it is a par ty. There hat been cheating a round the Ifutnl an the part of the Emperor and tho 1 Court of Madrid, and England will not stand it. The cheat, by the way. we seo by the diplomatic correspondence recently ' .aid before the House of Commons, was i suspected some time before its real pur- I poise was proclaimed. As lately as Janu ary tTOth, we find Lord John Russell mak ing known to the French Government his regret that the latter should have been led ! to send reinforcements by the Spanish Geu -1 etal’s precipitate action, and expressed dls i content with the tone of tho Spaui>h pm clamation—intimating also to the Spanish 1 Government that its explanations were not . entirely satisfactory.— X. Y. Krprett, Tiik Latk Guv. Landrr.—lt has al ready been announced that Brig. Geo. ■ Frederick W. I.under died at his camp in I Hampshire county, Va., on Saturday last i His disease was congestion of the brain. Gen. launder was a native of Massa chusetts. Ho was a man of liberal cducu ' tion and cultivated tastes; a good writer, in verse as well as in prose, and a chival i, rous, high-toned gentleman. He was brought prominently before the public, a , fvw years ago, by bis energetic conduct Ij in the work of constructing a wagon road i across the plains and the 11 cky Mountains. lAt the time of tho Putter and Pryor II threatened duel he acted as Mr. Putter's ■ second. A few years ago he married the , distinguished actress. Miss Jane M. ■ ( Davenport. Gen. Lamb-r was a high fa ' vorile with Gen. McClellan. He wan in the Western Virginia campaign with J him. with the rank of colonel, aid it wa* ■ at McClellan’s request that he was com missioned as a brigadier general of vol unteers. i i -- l Arrrst or Gkn. Hi oei.-The telegraph has announced that Geiural Huger, mi i tnry connnsndaat of the department iu which Roanoke Idand lies, had been placed under arrest for permitting tho is land tv b captured by alleged mismanage. 1 j ment. On this s~ra* su’jcet the Kieh mond Enquirer of the Itith has the an ' nexed significant paragraph : i “The cireuinstances of the defense of • | Roanoke Island will, we doubt nut, bo | fully inquired into. If Gen. linger, in 1 whose military department it lies, ha* been diligent and vagaeiogg ir. preparing its de fences ; if he put a reasonably sufficient r force there ; if he provided for withdraw • ing them, if need be—it is duo to himself to show it. If. on the other hand, he Im deficient in these respects, and solaced himself in his neglect of duty bv a com- • j for table self complacency and by irrational . anticipations of an impossible victory, the 1 government should know it. The face of j the affair i.i against Gen, Huger.” j I A Royal M arkiaor Contract.—Tho c; Princess Alice of England is soon to mar t. ry the Prince IjouUi of 11 esse-Darmstadt, • { and the marriage treaty h id been publish ed in the London papers. It consists of • nine article, and was dgned last An ‘ gut. It provides that the Prince shall r receive a dowry of IJU.OOO, to be put at I I interest fir the joint use of the wife ami • husband, and this intern I, with tho ‘ Prince’s income of forty thousand florins. 9 sill be their joint revenue. Queen Vioto *l ria also promise* her daughter £O.OOO a ’ year, for her own personal use, which can 5 , never be alienated or mortgaged from L her by her husbaml. If the Prince diea ’ liefure the Princess the latter is tu re -7 drive from the State 1 s. revenue of twenty tbousaud florins, • • * ‘and u residence- at Darmstadt suited j her exalted rank, and completely fur ', oished. according to the usage prevail f ing in the Grand-Ducal bouse of Hr sac. 7 \ shall be assured to her as dowsg* r-rrsi ) deuce.” Bui if abe marries again sh<- fut | frits the privileges. t Nxw Cajun rt. —A Richmond paper wys that the following wid, iu a|) proba r* Wily, constitute the Cabinet of Prenidcni i Davis: *’ . J. P, Benjamin, .of L>ui‘nna, Secret a - ry of State: Gen. Lee. Secretary of War; i Btig Gen. George Randolph, of Virgitt ; ia. Sect clary of the Navy ; C. G. Mm , mingcr, of Smith Carolina, Secretary of the s. Treasury; Mr. Henry. M C. from Ken , tucky. Postmaster General; Hcixrhel’ V. Johnson, of Georgia, At torn* v G ucr.iL j