Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 13, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 13, 1862 Page 2
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SAINT MARY’S BEACON LEOfIfAHD TOW!S Mt) , TilCßSn.\ V Mr R*I.NG. M \Ur II 13,18J3 President Lincoln's Message- The i •*c"iif ei*ancipuiiti f President Lim-uln, which we in another column. indieatf*. wo think, that “ft om thing is rotten in lh State of Denmark” ur rapidly approximating tint condition. We think it indicates # #j * faint acknowledgement that it may be belter after all to let the South slide than to whip her into loyalty. It is true, Mr. Lincoln states, that as long a* “resistance continues, the war must continue,” but w think this declaration w to be understood in a Pickwickian sense, and that it really means no more thuti did the famous “ fifty-foilr, forty nr fight” manifesto of President Polk. • , . .. 1 I pon lbs supposition, that the iudepen-, donee of the South i a stern military necessity, and with a view of retaining in the l iiinn the loyal Slave States hy * destroying the only supposed tie which connects them with the South, we uu understand the emancipation scheme of; Mr. Lincoln, but upon any other, we cannot. Surely. Mr. Lincoln dcs not j anticipate, that his abolition project will be listened to or heeded hy any hut the ••loyal” Slave States, which are Mis souri, Kentucky, Delaware and Mary land, if by these ; and how the emanci pation of slaves in those “loyal” States, with or without compensation, can “sub- ; stantially end the rein 11 ion** in the Slave •States which are W loyal, passes our hum- ! ble comprehension and L respectfully re ferred to the Philadelphia lawyers fur cx- • plication. Uno would think, that the ; 1 natural tendency of such a scheme would be, not t \j end the rcltelli m. but to fan it to a seven fold heat. Besides, i it cer tain that the “loyal” Slave States will re gard with approval or even indifference a project which indicates a purp sj to re lease them of their slave property in a | certain contingency, only allowing them 1 a nominal compensation, an propor tion of which is to be paid hy themselves, and the r- malnder of the debt to I-ediseliarg- | d by Treasury notes or o- rtificates, re- ! ieemable iu twenty-five yean? We know ■ that there are men in Maryland who would • hurrah for Mr. Lincoln if he had stabbed : their mothers, hut we are very muh mis-i takon if his new emancipation scheme' shall not have the effect, not only of ad- • • ; ding furl to the Southern flame, Lut of: extending and intensifying in this State , toe hatred which, even ns it is and with- | oat further outrage, is not dead or dying I but only smouldering. 1 The Tobacco Tag The report of the Congressional Com-! mince, upoa the National tux subject, is before us, and sonic of the leading items ' of proposed taxation, we lay before our i 1 readers in to-day’s issue. As a legislative i ' paper, it is not materially unlike other !' emanations from this source, and, may be j : regarded upon the whole as a fair speci-1 men of modern legislation. A viu of ' Yankee cunning and sectional malignity M runs through every feature of the report, J' and the evidence of protracted and studied ! preparation is manifested in every section ; 1 and provision.*, If U well adapted, in cv cry particular, to Northern taste and iu- i 1 tcrest, and. Congressional investigation, 1 we opine, will hardly alter its obnoxious 1 features. The necessities of the Govern- j ment are great and Congress must supply ; the means to relieve these necessities. It j matters not who placed the Gevernuieut in ihitf strait, nor, hy whose misrule this taxation has become neccsrary, it is ' enough that the money must bo raised, ' and it is for Congress to determine the I method of obtaiument. To this end, tax ation has become inevitable and the sys- •. lam of taxation is the only question to ' be settled. The Congressional Commit-1 lee have reported a great variety of subjects fur tax, both of foreign and : domestic manufacture, but. in only oac j instance, has the staple product of any ( section of the country been assailed.— j Tobacco, in the leaf, it is proposed to! lax at three cents per pound, which, it . is useless to slate, amounts to a virtual. inhibition of its culture. I'pou this pro- ' duet, the Southern counties in this State 1 have to rely, in the main, for redemp lion from bankruptcy But for the to-j bacco crop, no grade of (arming iu this; section of the State would be self sustain-• idg. The planter, who raises hie two bun- • dred hogshead of tobacco can no more afford ' to pay an annual tax of five thousand dollars, j than can the humblest tiller of the soil afford • m i to lose twenty five dollars upon his one • hogshead. Very much of the tobacco , raiiol iu this region m-tts but a fraction : above this turn; and. when wc calculate, tbe Wt of manure and labor nceeseary for ‘ its Successful culture, it must be patent to * every one that tbe farmer must cease to J grow it. How, then, is any good to re sult from this species of oppression ? is j supposed that a law of Congress can im-1 post;, with its ether hardships, a eompul- • r sory and profitless system of la'*or upon f!i A>jncultiin.-t of this sute? Is an embargo to he laid hv the 0 on-rumen t npon labor. with the suppu-ition that tlj t labor, will l*e ilirr-ctui into a tbaiin< I . through which thn Tri'asnrv <>f lb* Gov ernment mill 1k replcnh-bed ? We ran tell the Congressional Committee that, if they as poet the people of flits section of the .Syite to submit to any such an outrage, they will find themselves mistaken. Far mers, frere, could not afford to raise tobac co upon flicse term* if they would, and, we arc satisfied, they would not if they could. They have been, hy no means, instrumental to the present financial em barrassment wf the (government, and. if they had been, would not be willing to pay more than their just proportion of the National tax. I pon what standard of justice or reason arc the people cf (his county to pay the whole proceeds of their principle commodity of sale into the Na tional Treasury, whilst the fumentora of (he war at the North arc to go compara tively free from burthen ? Why tax to bacco at fifty per cent, of its average val ue and Northern manufactures at three per cent, tui valorem f Why not tax the wheat regions of the Wert? Are their lands levs productive than ours, and arc they less able to pay than ourselves? Or, is it lhaPthc North has seriously involved the Government by lor madness, and. in her plenipofencc, has ordained that we shall pay the penally of lur fully? At all events, \rc feel justified in saying, that, if this proposed tobacco tax shall he im posed, the people of Southern Maryland will cease to cultivate that product. At present rates of price, independent of tax it is hy no means very remunerative, and, even at a smaller rale of taxation, its eul- 1 hire would be of doubtful continuance It would bu better, it strikes us, for the , Government to deiive even a small reve nue from tobacco than none at all, and it would h* policy, wc think, to encourage, rather than cru*b, the loading staple of an t Agricultural community. It would, j therefore, seem wiser, as well as more) just, that Congress should take a more equitable \h;w of this matter and let peli- : cy, rather than sectional malignity, be j their guide in so practical u question as the one now before them. ..... - - Meeting ol Tobacco Growers- We have been n quested to call a meet ing of the Tobacco growers of the county • in Leonard Town on Tuesday next, the | l?*lh instant, to meinorulize Congress on the subject of the proposed onerous tax of three cents jht pound ni Tobacco in tb leaf. As the subjct is one deeply efJVct ing the interest of our entire com muni y. • it is hoped and expected that the meeting will be largely attended. | Vindictive Legislation. The Legislature, which has just closed i its labors at Annapolis, (may wc never, look upon its like again,) among other ! distinctions, has won for itself partieulat and especial honcr for the malignity with which it has hunted all whose convictions , of public duty have led them to oppose j the present ruinous war or the arbitrary doings of the Federal executive. It Ipis adopted a test-oath system, fur example, • which is worthy of the darkest hours of, Kngl'ndi intolerance, the manifest aim and ■ purpose of which is. to drive from public j employment and otherwise degrade all ! who are so nnfortunate as to doubt the honesty of Mr. Fcwwrd or the divinity of Mr. Lincoln. Wc arc at liberty, it seems, at least for the present, to differ about J most other political is-urs, but the mo ment we call in question the wisdom of the war jwficy of the President or his Cabinet, wc arc met by- bill of pain.-, and , penalties which renders us incapable of holding office, except at the price of per- ‘ jury, or which subjects us to both fine and imprisonment for our contumacy. Our; lawmakers have evidently acted upon the j assumption, (hat they had the world in a ? 1 sling and that their political opponents in 1 | the State had no rights which they were bound to respect. They flattered them selves. doubtless, in the prosecution of. | their proscriptive policy, that they were . making “loyalty** a permanent institution ■of the State and consolidating their own i ; power. We incline to the opinion; that. ; they will wake up one of these days and find themselves mistaken. A time must | • come, nor is it as distant as is supp sed in ' ; certain quarters, when Maryland shall be , i restored to her "normal" condition, or, in : j other words, shall enjoy her own again.. • free alike from Federal bayonets and Fed ; eral Intimidation. To the dirt-eating Im * • | members of the Legislature, which has just past away, and to all who in the evil I hours of our bondage, have trodden and ' spit upon and shamed us, it will be a day, ‘ we prediet, if not of sackcloth and ashes, at • least of iquitable reckoning — . ••- ! < f (VfliT.—The March term of our Cir euil Court will commence on Monday next. | As there is a considerable amount of eivii J and criminal business to bo disposed uf, > o' lte a lengthy srisloa la looked for. i • TLe K wt. , Th*’ w;r T rws of th o fast week it de t fidedly rirring. There seems to hare f K in a gnnra! ailvanoe c>tunivne*d along j list* Jin,- i.f iUc Potmnsr, in 4 the Co^iie* . :# rf* reported to grad unity filing t hark along the entire line, f and Leesburg have bom evaruatdl and art f m>w in flic wiou of ihe Felon] tnopn. V. inc-hestci and (he batteries on the lower Potomac are likewise reported udracrtol. A minor prevails iu Washington that Cet* , terviile has been abandoned and that the Conf* JiTatw aro about falling hack .from Manassas to (jordonsviihv This rumor it sai-1 to he generally credited in Washing* • ton, hut, as Manassas it deemed to he ' a much iu**re defensible position than (lordonsvillo, we cannot see the policy in r s *ch a movement. If Manassas hat been abandoned, wre do not believe there will i . ; be a stand made between that poet and Richmond, nor do we believe that the . Confederates have fortified and held this position for the pvai nine mjmlu desert it*upon a prospective advance Jf tic enemy. If the weather continue* at at present, the next week or to, we pre ! same, will test the reliability of this ru ' u,or . *nd, in the meantime. we shall , still hold to the opinion that* Manassas will he the field upon which the great I battle of the war is to bo fought. latc* advices from Fortress Monroe show i . that a quite severe and exciting naval en-! gagemeut has recently taken place ia (hat I vicinity. It is stated that, on Saturday * 1.-. st, the Merriinae reached the "mouth of . James river and commenced an attack u{.n the Federal shipping there stationed. ; The engagement u reported as fierce mud i of disastrous termination to the Federal | I cause. Ihe frigate Cumberland was sunk ! ■nd the most of her crew, numbering trm .100 to 400 men, killed,.drowueti or*] raptured. The frigate ('ongreM was next ( engaged, captuti*d and subsequently burned. Her crew, numbering over 300 | men, wore likewise mostly made prison- < iers. The Miucsola and Roanoke were 1 , quite seriously injured in the light, and, \ 1 |on hoard lh former, six men are said to i 1 have been killed. The gunboat Oregon ! j w:.s blown up by the Merriinae and the |* gunboat Z oiave is reported to have been i 1 ; seriously injured. Several transport* arel( j likewise reported as injured, and some I j k h.*w, from the shelling of the fortifications at Newport Nows, is admitted. The Con- , federate steamers Jamestown and York- * town participated in the tight, hut to the Merriinae is generally conceded the'credit!. of hu\ ing done most of the work. A sub- i * sequent encounter is reported between the \ ( Merriinae and the iron clad steamer Moni- tor, which lasted for Several hours, with- ( out resulting, it appears, in serious loss I ‘r damage to either. One report shows! the Merriinae to have been injured, but a despatch from the assistant naval Secreta ry Fox, shows that she fired the last shot 1 and steamed away in a manner that in duced him to believe that she was unin- , jured. The better impression seems to he 1 that her ammunition had given out and j J that she returned to Norfolk for a frcih : | supply. At latest reports, she bad not j returned, however, and the Monitor, it is * , stated, is ready to renew the engagement 1 when she shall again show herself. The * Federal loss, in killed and drowned, is cs- • • Unrated at from laO to 250. whilst the loss ■ iu prisoners is not stated. Captain Hue- i hanan, a Marylander, commanded the; Merriinae in the late fight. 1 ' Late intelligence from the West con firms the report of a bloody and protract-' I 3d fight in Arkansas, which is officially j * announced as a Federal victory. The | fight lasted three days and Price is re- , ported to have been routed and forced i :to continue his retreat. The Federal loss j' | is officially reported at 1000, iu killed and wounded, and the loss of the enemy is tnppoted to have been greater. The re-! ; port, we think, is rather too indefinite to j be relied upon aa evidence of i great Fed- ■ I oral success, and. as it makes no mention If a further pursuit of (he “rebels,” we ? arc inclined to question the cor-' redness of the reported result, even , though it Ware the signature of the rc- * doubtable llalleck. Gen A. S. John [ >ton is reported to have evacuated Muf < fretsboro and to have fallen back upon , lK*eatu.* in Northern Alabama. Several * p*ts are said to be still held hy (he Con- | , fide rates on the Tennessee river, but ' whether for permanent or temporary pur* t poses it is not known. Some con sterna- ‘ ’ lion is said to to exist among the seecs- : • -tonifcts of Mempkis and an early Federal' advance seems to be anticipated. Wbeib- • ;er or not an attempt will bo made to de- j , fend the city is not known, bit the pres ent Indications are that no more Fort Don- ■ < aisoa affairs will ho risked in this quarter.. : It is the reported policy of the Confede-; rate leaders to draw the Federal formes as ; fur South as the border of ike Golf States. | ere another engagement will be risked. * t and that (key expect to ks able tn conocn -1 (rate such a fseee in this regisn aa to ren- ! ■ Jcr success certain. New Madrid is re-I J ported to be invested by the Federal*, with ' [ * l-rgc force, but the Confederates at this I post, with flic a-sUtancc of tbcirguaboaU, expect to be able to rpiiW the Deary firing was heard in that direction, I gays a telegram from Cairo, dated on Mon day bi*t. and perhaps this an engage ment has taken place, skirmishing lit reported between Jeff Thompson’* men and the Federal.*, 1 u t’c result* have been trivia) and unimportant. The news from the South is nt mate rially important, Gen. Burnside is re ported to lie in of Winton and to be preparing to march against Norfolk. A large force is said to be concentrating at Suffolk to meet the anticipated invasion. Xu attempt against Weldon haa been yet made, though the Confederates seem ap prehensive of a diversion in this direction. A considerable force is stationed there, and the post seems to be regarded at the South as one of paramount importance. A skirmish baa taken place in the neigh borhood of Savannah in wkioh the Con federates lost 4 or 5 and the Federals about -0 men. Xo attack has been wade upoit Savannah, nor has any move- j meat been made from the direction of Fort

Hoy a). An expedition, under Com. Dupont, has made a descent upon the ' Georgia and Florida coast and the villages of Brunswick and Feuiandina, together with Fort ('linch. have been occupied. This movement places the whole of the Geor coast in the possession f the Feder al-', though no advantage is thought to have been thereby gained. ! Recruiting at (he South is reported to be brisk, and a determination to resist the invaders to the death seems be every I where evinced. A desperate fight is reported to have . recently taken place near Fort Craig, in ; New Mexico. Both sides claim a victory* but the Ftdeials acknowledge a loss of six | pieces of artillery, some army stores and a i considerable number of men. No official 1 report, however, has yet been published. Nothing new of importance has lately transpired in the Federal Congress. The ' emancipation scheme seems to be gradu- ! ally gaining adherents, but it is not known 1 that it will assume a tangible shape the present session. The Maryland Legislature has passed J the famous treason Bill, amended and ex- : tended the stay-law, and, we suppose, ad- ; jouroed. Robert C. Combs, K-q., was appointed clerk to the Comity Commi.-Honors, on . Tuesday last, for the ensuing two year*. ' Special Message of Preident Lincoln The following message of President Lin- j coin was communicated to Congress on the ' 1 tfth inftunt and was read and referred to 1 \ the appropriate committee. J, Washington. March •, 18G2. j Fefloir-Citizens nj the Semite uml I Jo.i nr oj J{ejhrsent(lh\n : I recommend the adoption of a joint ' resolution of your honorable body which i 'hall be, substantially, as follows : j Ur sailed. That the United States in i order to co-opcratc with any State which | may adopt gradual abolition of slavery.’) give to such Slate pecuniary aid. to be > used by such State, in its liberation, to ' i coiiipeiisate it for the inconvenience, pub- I lie and private, produced by such change i • of system. * c If the proposition contained in the rca- I j olutiuu dm not meet the approval of Con- • greiM and the country, there is an end of < it. But if it does command such appro-;' val I deem it of importance that the States i and people immediately interested should i be at once distinctly notified of the fact* so i ' that they may begin to consider whether to accept or reject it. j, Th? Feiler a I Goverument would find its highest interest in such a measure as one < of the most important moans of self-prescr- I vation. The leaders of the existing re- * i hellion entertain the hope that this Gov-! < erument will ultimately be forced to ac knowledge the independence of some part •of the disaffected region, and that all the ; i ' Slave States north of such part will thou ,: say, “The Union for which we have strug- • ] gled Ik ing already gone, we now choose < 'to go with the Southern section.” To i deprive them of this hope substantially . I ! ends the rebellion ; and the initiation of! 'emancipation deprives them uf it, and toil all the States initiating it. i < The point is not that ail the States tol- • crating slavery would very man, if at all, j 1 initiate emancipation, but while the offer : i is equally made to all, the more Northern shall, by such initiation, make it certain t>< • < the more Southern ‘hat in no event will i the former ever join the latter in their pro- * posed Confederacy. I say initiation , bc cause, in my judgmeut, gradual and not sudden emancipation is better for a*.l. In the were financial or pecuniary view, any member af Congress, with the census ! or an abstract of the Treasury report be- . 1 fore him, can readily see fur himsedf how | very soon the current expenditures of this : • war would purchase, at a fair valuation. { all the slaves iu any named State. Such a proposition on the part of the | General Government sets up no claim j of a right by the Federal authority to interfere with slavery within State Hums j ’' —referring as it docs the absolute eon- j . trul of the sabp“Ct. in each case, to the i . j Stale and the people immediately inter-; ( ested. It in proposed as a matter. of perfectJy free choice to (hem. 1 1 in the annual message of lm-1 Dm m- 1 ,’her, I thought fit to mv “the Union • .' must he preserved. and hence all indis-; -peoublc means must be employed.** I , • said this nut hastily, but deliberately.— ’‘War has been made, and continues to: 1 M an indispensable means to this end. i; A practical re-acknowlcdgment of the ■national authority wohM render the war unnecessary, ami it would at onee ceaw, lint resistance continue*, and the war must also continue: and it is impossi ble to foresee al! the incident* which limy attend, and all the ruin which may flf..w it. Such a* may seem iiidiapcn aahh*. cr way ©Vvi.uudy promise great ef ficiency toward ending the struggle, must and will come. Tbc proposition now made, (though an offer only.) I hope it may be esteemed no offence to ask whether the pecuniary consideration tendered would not l*c of mor*' ralue to the Slates and private persons concerned than woul 1 the iusli t union and piopcrty in it. in tbc pres ent aspect of affairs. While it is true that the jd**ptioii of the proposed reso lution would be merely initiatory, and mt within itself a practical measure, it is r* commended in the hope that it would lead to important practical re sults. In full view of my great responsibili ty to my G*kl Mud my country, 1 earn estly beg the attention of Congress and the people to the subject. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. i Tuk tiOVKKNMKXt Tat VSfliV Xoritt.— The Fulled Stales Government ha*. *r soon will have, the following different kinds of Treasury notes in circulation ; First.—Notes bearing an interest of six per cent, per annum issued and* r the uct of Coiigr* ss, redeemable any tine* within two years from the dale of issue ; also the ’ six per com notes issued before the pas sage of the act named above. Semnd.—The notes bearing interest at the rate of 7.3(J per centum, issued under the act of August. 18G1. receivable for all public dues except the duties on imports. Third.—The not* s issued before the ad- \ vent of the present administration, at the beginning of the rebellion, to tbc lowest" bidders, r, in other words, to those who 1 would take them in return for gold at the lowest rates of interest. These were!* awarded at high rates of interest, ranging 1 from ten to twelve per cent per annuiii.— They arc receivable for ail public dues, the duties on imports included But few 1 * remain in circulation, ns they have been call d in, and the interest ceased to accrue 1 *u the .‘list of J a mary. 1 Fourth.—The demand notes i—ucd last { euiitmrr, receivable for all public dura.* 1 tnxes and duties on imports included.— Tin se notes, by the act just passed, are to I be received in payment of duties as here tofore, but, contrary to the former eur- I • tom, arc not to be nNsued, but are to be *■ put out of circulation as quickly as practi- ’ * cable Fifth.—The demand not*!*, to the val- * ue of SIiiO.OOO,OUO, which arc to be is- . •• sued as quickly as possible, which are to 1 leplaco Iho demand notes already isxucd 1 ami in circulation, and which, unlike anv 1“ •lhir paper issues of the Government, are . I to be a l**gal tender in the payment of all j n debrs; they arc receiv.ib'e for fuxts, ami ; *ll other debts to the Government, with [ b da* exception of duties on imports. These five classes of notes comprise all h now in circulation or to be place*] in rir* " •'illation under laws alieady passed. Tb< |•' largest values are represented by notes of i die second, fourth and fifib classes. Those f I of the other classes are must redeemed and 1, withdrawn from circulation. —A nr UanM. A TAX BILL UKPORTKD. iri Mr. Sxr.VKXS, from ibe Committee o( ' Ways and Means of the House f ILpre- • sontatives. reported to that body on Mon- i t day a bill to provide internal revenue for n the support of the Government and for i i the payment of iotercbt on tbc public - debt. . ■ | I bis bill contains upwards of a hundred ! f sections. It proposes to establish an v office in the Treasury Department, to be | called tbc Office of Internal Revest ue j with a Commissioner of Internal Revenue. '' under the direction and control of the Sw-c- * rotary of the Treasury. It provides f*.r S the appointment by the President, by and I with the advice ami consent of the Senate. ,* of assessors ami collectors in tbe various '' districts, with tbc necessary addition of;* deputies and assistants. U also provides " f°r the various forma and procedure ue- < ceasary for tbc asset incut and culleciion • of the duties. On proof spirits it proposes to leiy a ’ duty of 13 cents per gallon, ami pnvpor- !*' lionately upon all other degrees of 9 strength; on beer $1 per barrel. It pro- , " poses to establish a system of licenses. * embracing pretty much tbe whole bui- * news of the country. Bankers arc to pay f $100; auctioncra, S2O; wholesale dealers . ll in liquors. SSO; retail ditto, S2O; whole- ! r [sale dealers in goods, wares, and mcr- • * jehaiidise, S3O; retail ditto. $10; p ;w „. brokers, SSO; rectifiers of spirits, $100; ] t brewers, S3O; distillers. $100; hotels, ! H inns, and taverns, (graduated .cccurdingi t to tbe value of the rental.) $3 to $200; jl< eating houses. $10; brokers S2O; com- t y mercial br**kers, SSO; theatres. $100; cir- r cuaes, S3O; bowling alleys, $5 f.. r each | a alley; eonfectiooers, $10; coal oil distil-1 f lers, S2O; tallow cttandiera and map-1 n makers, $10; peddlers, from $3 to s2o;' f whdesabs peddlers, SSO; apothecaries.’ ( $10; manufacturers. $10; photographs Is ,$lO. !, The succeeding portion of the bill pro- ] i i poses to tax manufactures, via; Linseedi i and lard oils and burning fluid are taxed 1 ! 5 cents per gallon: gas, 25 cents par 100 c , cubic feet; crude c**al oil; 5 cents; refined 1 ! ditto, 10 cents; tobacco, unmanufactured. 1 ; 3 cents p-r pound; in aim Let a red ditto, 5 j cents in addition thereto; cigars, from 5 1 ito 20 cents per pound, according to value. * i bank note paper, 6 cents p*r pound- ! * ; writing paper. 2 centa per pound; prim- I in ft 3 ‘“ill* per pound; soap, 5 : 1 J cents per pound; salt,. 4 cents per 100 M pounds; sole leather. I cent per pound;• ‘ ■ upper Kathei. 11 cent per pound; lour, 1 !10 cents per barrel; all other manufact;' I turvs, three per centum ad valorem, in- : eluding cotton, wool, silk, fin. hemp,! wood, leather, iron, all metals, bouc, lyo- • ry. ic. 1, Thcjrojo cd annual tax on cariiaget in use. nbove §’>l is. for one h*HM $1: fr tw * s.*. wh.*nvdi>J siO;gnld walf?H* s in use. 3 !; s ji V| ,J. watch.*. in Ill's*. •*! c.-nls; plate of g O J ( | iii use. f 0 cents per ounce, tr<*v; p] n of silver. in o*. H cent* per ounce, troy • on loghfercd ciltbi. 50 c-nts a. h. ,j () | including those slaughtered by any p. T . son for their own consumption: m,‘ |,.„ r< IU cents: sleep. 5 cents. These L>t taxes are to bit leticJ annually. when the spi ultima!* are slaughtered fur >al,-. On each passenger, by railway, '2 ~,111, per mile; tlilto. p r steamboat. J ujill p. r mile. Go the gro.., re;? • ipt• of omnibus.'* ferry boats, an I hora-* railways, thru j., r centum. On hit* rest an) *ii\ i.i. nds by banks and savings in*tiluri.m.*, tbi,.* nor centum. On interest on conp-n.* p 4 ;j by railioaU on h-nls or other evidence* of indebtednoss, three per centum. (l :t advertisements, five p r cent, on amount of grow recepts. whether pnidMied in newspapers, magazines, or other literary or news publications. There is an in come duty of three per ivtituiu on all in conics over $ >OO, de iacting all other l .p,| taxes and inconei derived from bank slH*k, railroad bond*; a*, also, on salaries or pay from the I’nited Statu#, or on 4tf . count of holding any official positions un der the (tovernmcol. whether civil, mili tary. naval, or other. There is a deduc tion in the payment of all salaries of offi cers in the service of the I’nite-l Stales, whether civil, military, nival, or others including Senators and members of the (louc of Kt preseiitullvos, of three per centum. X -xl comes stamp duties On deed-;, not. s, wills, bonds, cheeks, affi lavits, lulls **f hiding, insurance politics, aad various other com mere ia I mid h-gal papers, 'flier* is another series . f stamp duties on all patent medicines. Then a p-r cetilage on all legacies, ate! distribution of share of personal estates of deceased persons, va rying from one to five per centum, ae coruing tu the degree of relationship. flic New \ >rk TV./mne says : ••Hut for slavery we Would have had no civil war. Hut for slavery, vro w oil I rnt nw 1> menaced with the armed intervention of foreign powers, undertaken especially to consummate the dismemberment of the na tion. D you ask h w to put down the reb I- Hon ? xhli'ffj / !>•> you ask how to prevent Kurop *a*i intervention, by depriving it of it* only occasion and its only pretext ? Hkstkuv slavery !” Jhe Chicago T<n> .< replies ; Hut for abolitionism wo should have had no civil war. Hut for abolitionism, we should not now he menaced witli the armed intervention of foreign powers, undertaken expresdv to consummate the dismemberment of the nation f)o you ask how to pnf*‘l .vv r t’i * rj!,*!- !im '* fh sh tfi/ nj,(J .*m / Ho you ask how *0 prevent Knropcan intervention, by depriving it of its only ■reasiou and its only pret. xt ? l>wti.ov AIIOLITIOMSM.” iiow TO STOI* Ttir. n.o-.v ok ISunii - .lousekct p rs, mechanics and other*, in handling kniv. s. 10..]> and other slurp iiistruni' iits, very fr.ijuently r ceive **-. verc cuts, from which dm Moo! flows profusely, and oftentimes endangers hfe itself.— Id . 0.1 may 1- made to e* a >e (•* flow ;*■ follow* : Take the fine du*t <>f tea. bind it close I . tin* wound at all dines* and easily obtained. Af ter the blood has ceased to fl w. San<|:,. num may he advantageous]} applied t* the wound. Hue regard to th.-se in -Iructious would save agitation of min and running for tin* surgeon, who wml 1 probably make 110 Litter pieseriplioii if he were present. Tin. Hoom ns nn. -Whit this change is to be we dare not even conjec ture, but we gee in the heavens thciiisejveA some traces of destructive ‘dements and some in lieations of their power. Tim fragments of bfoken planets—th-* descent of mete. ric stones upon our globe--and the wheeling coun t# welding their |oe.i material at the solar surface —tin* volcanic eruption in our own sat.ditc--tk<* appear ance of new stars und the disapptirnnrn of others—#/c till far** shad >ws ..f tint impending convulsion to which th system •*f the World is doomed, Thus placed on a planet which is to |>c burned up, and under heavens whieh are to piss away; thus reading as it were, on the cemeteries, and dwelling upon the mnussl.nms of the former worlds, let us learn the Ics.vm of humility and wisdom, if wc have not al ready been taught in the school of revela tion. On last Ft flay, a soldier of one of the regiments, near f'uolavill**. was dmt dead by a Mr. Carson, manager for Mr-* Holt, of that neighborhood. under the fol lowing circumstances; Mr. Carson and a joung lady, daughter of Mrs., were riding home, when they were accosted in a very vulgar manner by two soldiers, who followed them home. The soldiers de manded admittance, and being refused, fired several bullet# through the house One of them (hen attempted to force him self through flic window, when Carsuu shot him through hc head. The oth. r j one rau Wa J —.Veil/. County I Trlk. At the celebration at Louisville, on the anniversary f Washington’s birth day, linn. James (inthric delivered au address, in w hk-li he* said : The wurt enemies of the Constitute u arc thos** whose c distant cry is for the blood of the Confederates •and the confis cation of their estates, with the emanci pation of slaves, and who. to reach th. ir ! purpuaes, would trample the ConvlUuil'U. Mhe rights of property, and the principle* i “f humanity under f.ot. and blast forever the prosperity of the nation. Dics. j t At hi* residence on Saint M iry’s , river, on th* i7ih ult., of Consumption, Perry Combs, sged 58 years.

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