Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 27, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 27, 1862 Page 1
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' - z * * * VOL. XVill. SAINT MARY’S BEACON IS FI BLIPIIKU FVKBV Ttlt IISDaY BY J.F. KING. & JAMES S. DOWNS. Tri m? or Ft Bremen o*. — <*■] ">0 per an- j mini. K* Ik* paid within six months. No subscription will be received f**r a short- , <r pt-rnd than six months, and no paper I•• discontinued until all arrearages arc ] aid, except at the option of the publish ers. Tkbmh of AnvKßnsTxn. $1 per square or the first insertion, and li*"> e**. for every snlscipyut insertion.—- '! welvt lines of less c<n*titutc a square. — It the number or insertions be not marked * on tin* ad erdsoment. it will be publish ’d i*ntil foibid, and charged aceordionK*. A liberal •!*• luetion made io tno*c who a liertisc by the year From the Lonrt*n Sjilanliv Review, Feb. 22. Relative RescurcpE of North and South \N e pointed out a few w a eks since, vln n treating **t ilu. subject, that the su periority of the North in warlike resource* v.a* rattier apparent than real; that sii|e'ri >r wealth wa* nly available if it* owners vrere willing t* spend it, or could be I• ie*d to c-mtriljut*- it: that supurior imin b* rs Weio *u:!y v.tluatile if tb. y e >uld be organizt d, discipline*!, paid. an*l nmve*l. tlial strength for defeioiv** warfare was of leu tin l reverse. <*f strength for aggressive enterprise; 4iid tiiat the undertaking in vhit h the i 1 *le: 4M>ts are **ngaced was es s* ntially aggressive \'. e showed that JIM .IKM) men Would be Jeally more mi . ic'able than ih* 1 f rft.OOO motley Hoop* they have summoned to (he fi< |.|, 1 olli beeaiiM. they "onid * xhatist the 'TiraMiry h ss, and would harass the ene my more. W e etijielu led that an arn.y of halt a iiiiili.ui e-'tild m t b\ any cuiilri Aane* 1 be kept on t* l **! bv a t i overnimnl is spending A* 1 lit) (Mh).uOO a year i Inn it inly |. s-s>.-> X. lIMHi(.<KML ami cm only borrow X Li.tMMt.OOtt; and that t nr tore, the failure of ih * North, ami a . ilisuMrwits and diseretiilable collapse, wer* a.•*?..luteiy I'tr.iiiii ultimately, and miglit . i.rproii u* .t*iy day lii spite of tin* new jilan of Mf. of paying in iueouvi-rti t>se paper i i -p>t* of tin* reporN-il succes ses of the Noii'li ami their various men- Siecd expedition l —ami in ‘J.ite of tile llli qiiestioiie*l 1..1 ;ur...Mi.eiil and privation ’ * f tin* Fi-n hern. r*. we r<- n*t in the least degree shaki n a.- *o the c.u n-etni'ss of our nnticip:iti< us. For, as w*.- show, d oidy recently, the limits of really available paper mom y are sO'Ui reached; and utiUss laige slim* are raised by dir ci lasati**n —>f which w> s e no appearanc •. and in which we place n h* li. f -m* currency contrivances caw l<*ng enable the Federal Government t>* meet its daily exp uses. Ami as soon a the soldier* cease to be paid regularly, and tu b. l\ d wi ll wc have little e*mli nes ee in tin ir z> l or slmnliiiess. Tin* three m >nth.'’ v**lu:iteoi* inarched home * to the s**und of the enemy’s cannon” on the in* of the buttle, b*cause tin ir tirn. Wii* oiii; tin* thice years* troop- will j lobubly do the because tin ir con tract has been broken. In the second place, v.e j lace \iy little reliance on tlnr stati uii nt* either <f the formidable f\je eitions whi li we are assured are on the point *f m. tting *'ut to invade the South, er of the slice, sses achi' ved hy tin l ** that have already failed. These accounts all come tu us duough Federalist sources, :nd nn .-t of them have air* ady proved i it h* r wholly false or greatly exaggi rated. ’I he vast quantities of cottuu said to have been seized and carried into New York i ave dwindled to an amount equal to about a wcik’.- consumption. Indeed, us was well known tu ail acquainted with the trade, ihe entire crop grown in the district occupied by tbc Northerner* only con.-i.-t --*.f about 4<’.OCG bags, and is not of a kind fitll d f'T ordinary consumption, being Hea Island- and wanted clii* f.y f**r the lint st u.u-lins. The expedition *h>wn the' Mississippi i* .-till talk* 4 of, but we cannot conceive it.- being seriously undertaken by in I'ple iu tin ir ooin ti If really ventured 1 upon. **n a s**ale hkily to produce any effect. it can only terminate in disasters, fimilar to those which overtook ourselves nt Walchereii, and Napohon in Russia. Tin run or* *1 ex)* tin ion np the river New Orb ans i.- a d* iftcc less hazardous, but c niy a digne. Fre*lat#ry expctlitions . round tlie eoaM may inflict much !**ss t<> property, and cause much exasperation t** feelirg. but can do nothing to subdue a resolute p* eple. The population and all moveable weal ih are simply withdrawn a J f* w mills into the interior, whither m* ■ il.vadrr can or dare f*How them. The truth is that an agricultural p* opto. ii.babi:ing an • xbnsive, wll-w.Hxled, fparsrly j- pnlated <li.-triel, cannot be t*ui quend *<r foiceil to yi* I*l, if ?h*y otdv are r. -lute 1 anti hearty in tlu-ir cause. Their coasts may be r*v:g d, tluir outlying towns burned, slid their trade imp* dt-d or destroyed; but they have only to retire, to bear, and I** unit Ih* y can get food atid cl rbii g in abundance, and with luxuries, • if tio v are ih t rmined, tin y can easily dis petiihe. Now. there can be no doubt that j the citizens ul the Confederate “tales ure, DEVOTED TO I.TTKIIA Tl.' KK, NEWS. AND GENERAL INTKUJOK.NTE IJEOXAIID TOWN. MI)., Till KSDAY M&RNING. MAIWP>7.ISC2. at ll?• moment, suffering considerable #ri- t vations from the scarcity of many of ■ accustomed com forts. The price of f roue i articles, coffee especially, at New Orleans. Charleston. and Mobile, is a measure of the pressure. Hut who that knows the sentiments of mingled ambition, hotrod and contempt that have long been foster- ' ing in the bosom of the Southerner; his ! pas-ion f*r the independence and gran- * dear of hi native province; his love for his State: his profound indifference to the Union: his dread of Northern interference with hib slaves—can believe for a moment that the want of coffee, of wine, of luxu rious clothing, or of Kuropuan fancy arti cle*, will induce him to come to terms. with his antagonist—much hss to yield, and throw down his arms? The dislike which existed towards the North before the war began, ami which was con lined to classes ami section- then, has ripened and deepened into ferocious animosity m• w, and has become general and all but unanimous The South will never yield except under compulsion; and this (‘•inipulvioii flic North caumjt apply. Therein lies the whole kernel of the question. The .South lias two marked advanta ges over the North, one of which we have already referred to. It is standing u it- deft nee, and the composition of its army is dei/idcdly sujwrior. The, size of Ihe Northern army is injurious to it in ulln r ways besides its enormous cost. It "h impossible i*. should be even decently officered, to begin with. It i n early itnpossilil that it should become 3 till after long years of ?. Th • original slamlii g army of tlie United States was, as we all know, a very small one. But the officers commanding it, who were educated nt the Military Academy at V ( "sl Print, were, as a rule. v ry competent and scientific men ’I he majority o ' these, however, w ;rc of Southern extraction, ami when the seve rance came, east in thiir lot with their native States. The consequence is. not only tint the Confederate army is in comparably the be-t officered of the two, hut that the Northern army is scarcely offietred at all. With few exceptions.' its generals, its colonels, ami its tains, are men wh have seen iij scr-' ▼ iee. who have received no training, who deserve no commands ami who have ob tained their appointments either by the election of their own volunteer troops or from political or -oci .1 considerations.— In addition to this, the army is cs-cnti ally mercenary, heterogeneous, and only to a limited extent national. We do not mean that thousands of the troops, perhaps a majority, are mu zealous I'n- 1 ioni.-ti*. hearty in the cause, and not averse to the adventures an 1 cxei’emeit of a campaign. But only a portion of them are native Ann rioans ami of Amer ican de.-cent ; the rest. —and among thein some i f ;he best soldi* rs, —arc lii.-h and Germans. whose patriotic sentiments can not be either very deep, wry consistent, ••r very strong. All of them, too, re quire to be paid, and to be Well paid. Lastly, few of tlnun are accustomed, or art- inclined, to discipline or obedience. | They are free citizens, and do not choose to he coerced. They have never been . either drilhd at home or flogged at s.’niol. They cannot get out of their headi: that, as enlightened Republican*, ami as volunteers, although paid, they have a right to have their own way, : and to hold their own opinions, even j against tloir commanding officer. The demoralizing effi cts of a pure I>* umcra- j cy is ti Iling fearfully against the effi ciency of the Federal army. Probably, the rawest recruits in the Obi World; never gave their officers so much trou ble or reduced them tu such absolute despair, as these intelligent and indepen dent patriots. The constitution of the Southern army is sup- rior upon ait these points. The men are bet Ur officered, and much more inclined to obey their officers, who are. for the most part, inti. of social rank ami position, as well a> of military knowledge and experience. The pri vates are usually men trained to held sports and to the use of arms, nearly all native Americans, at dent ami pa triotic citizens, according to their own notions, and ill a great proportion gen tlemen of independent means, who eith er do not receive pay. or are nearly in different whether they receive it or not Some entire companies arc composed of personal friends, esjserially in the artil lery c*rps. One regiment marched out, of New Uileans, of which the leading troop was •*worth.” in tin* aggregate, twe millions of dollars A very com mon arrangement for men of subtancc to agree to furnish to the Governin' nt. and to ke p in the fivld as long a.- the war hn-ls. s.\ or ten men fully armed, equip ped. and paid, and to provide substitutes : fur any who may fall, desert, or become , invalid. An army thus formed, fighting on its own territory, and fighting for it* own cif l“>*d plantations, its own families, its own insti.utions, it s own passions ami pre judices. if y..u will, is scarcely susceptible of defeat in a iror, whatever may be its fate In a single campaign. From thr f.ondon Sp'cfnt'tr. TIIK HESSE SCANDAL. The electorate of Hesse Casiu-1 i one of the worst governed countries of Europe; certainly the worst of the thirty-two Ger man Sta;**. The evil is more than a century old. The custom of selling aub- : !jecl like cattle was first invented in Hes-j 1 sc; and the fashion of building hugs *rm glios, stocked with court fools, chamber-' laiiifi, and mistresses a la laud* Quatorze, ’ was first of all introduced into Hes-e, after the great French prototype. Elector Fed—; crick 11. sold t!2,OUO* of his subjects t<> the British Government for hard cah, wi'h which he built himself a little Versailles, 1 still visible near Casst-l, and greatly ad mired by travelling Cockneys. Freder ic’s successors tok good oar* to keep up the very profitable sale of fighting lies- i Mans, worth, on an average, a round mil -7 O lion sterling per annum. Even Napoleon was disgusted with this shameless sale **f human flesh and bio id, and to show his utter contempt of the electoral rule, swept it from the map of Europe, instituting in its place the kingdom of Westphalia, with merry brother ./ironic on the throne. , For seven long years the Electors ate fhej bread of exile, coming back only with the Bourbons, and like them, having * 'learnt nothing and forgotten nothing.” At the J Congress of Vienna, the ruler of Hesse, untaught by adversity, argued openly in favor of serfdom; lie alone, of all the Gor man Princes, clung to the antiqinte 1 and unmeaning title of Elector, and he insist ed that his troop* should w ar log tailed wig-*, and cocked-huts., and remain a* of old under the rule of the Mick. The sultan clement was great i i this Elector William I.; but greater Mill is his son, William II . who ascended the throne in 18-1. His notions of govern- ; incut were those of a cal ll< -L iv. r, s:n 1.. his moral* of a lax French Abbe. 11 is court was composed of the lowest characters; and he was shame! ss enough , to force a vulgar mistress into the compa ny of lii- Consort, a daughter of King Frederick W illiam II of Prussia. The latter, h iving suffered all s *ris of brutali ties, at last fled the court, and the n i-- I had it all her own way, ruling **tlie Elector and the electorate. Madame ; Ortlep. polluted to he Countess Keichen- : hach,ibcga%gov(Tiiing Hcsse-Cassel after; the manner of n Turkish pashalik. • Places, honors, and dignities were open ly sold; justice publicly corrupted; and I religion ostentatiously outraged. Whoso : ever displeased Madame Urtbp was ' thrown into prison, and had to thank liis* • stars if he could save his bend. So things , •went on till the year 183'L when tin Paris insurrection set the continent in flames, producing small eartliqnak s and volcanic erupli ms everywhere. Madame I U*tlep and her friends <ji.i t d Cisiud in hot hast**, and the Elector on a sudden. became quite liltral, and thoroughly iiu-' hired wiih constitutional feelings. A Diet was summoned, the pleasantest pro- ' misea were made, and a new constitution, “on tin English pattern. ’* was framed and adopted. The Elector solemnly took his oath to obey the constitution, on January if, l&il. It is this “Constitution of ' l5s)l” which f* r.ns so important a part in the great “Question of Ile-W now pond ing before the tribunal of Eropc. Not six months after the solemn oath taking. Madame Ortlep returned to Cas-el Her arrival was signaliz'd by the fresh ae i tivitv of the police, the filling of all the ; prison*, and the cuspension of the laws which protected the liberty of the press. The incitement thereupon rose to such a a height that the Elect*r once more be gun to fear the loss of hi* crown, and, to secure it, admitted a co-r gent in the per son of bis eldest son. Madame Orilop also was induced to retire a little into the background; but only to make room for. another lady of more ability, but nearly as questionable repute. Cu-rugeut Frederic William 1., like hi* sire, was under the I influence of a fair one, Madame GortruWe. formerly the wife of a icn-commi.-hioned : officer, a very expensive lady--scarcely leas so than Madame Urtlep— -though. ac curding to the “Almanaeh de Gotha.” a wife “of the hft hand.” That. so*n after the co-regency had been declared, she was 1 Priucesa of Huiau and Counter of Schaumburg was nothing; nor that she made the fortune of a dozen Jews by pur- < chasing tloir diamonds. But far more serious was it that she, too, interfered in the government of Hesse, and succeeded in upholding by mean* of her rre a tun ►. a thorough despotism. Possessed of a hith er ability than Madame Drtlep. tl.*>ugh also a shade more avaricious Madame Gertrude contrived to establish her sover eignty on a firm basis, from which -he has tint yet been ousted. The death of the old Elect •r. in IM7. left her mistress of the fi -M. ami ab-obitr ruler of near a million of Hessian*. IDr chief object n*w L cauic to make provis

ion for In rsolf. au*l the nine chil lr n she had bronchi lor li. gc lord. Forms of C'inslitufioti being en atly in the way * f such provision making, they were s-11 swept away sqccessiv* ly by the hat'd* cf. Madanic Gertrude Fif. much pnii*- •al (Nnistitu:i*Mi of I>l*l wa- abrogated hj uun:ber of .p- t.u! ]>roniflp|K<wMßiftugh. a new code of e Uv juroaiulgated by the gov ern mi msy : The man nor iu which this was acconJfched was sufficiently clever, and a Madame Gertrude was not ability. Iu the time of tbiM Electors, Hec bad licm unwiiMUlr the ally of Prussia, to which the ww draw u by geograpbi^J pm-ff ifamily by alliances. To galnT firu, damo now tel bought herself of offering her influence to Austria. The bait was accepted at \ ienna, &nJ the imperial Gov eminent op *nly declared itself th s protec tor of Hesse. Ai a first move the Diet f Frankfort, then ami now the obedient tool of Austria, declared the Hessian Constitu tion of 18J1 “contrary to the Fcd*ral laws,” and called upon the Elector to frame a now “fundamental law of the State.” No reasons were given for this absurd and unprecedented decree of tin Diet, and, in fact, reasons were unneces sary, when every one was acquainted with the real origin of the cuaetment. The Elector, of course, at once obeyed the or *l* r of the diet, but the whole of hi* subject* protested to a man against the arbitrary us: of power. Even the men who were cillei upon to form a sort of muck repre sent ili m under the new code, opposed the electoral despotism ou every occasion, and Chamber after Chamber having been dis solve!, the eountiy at last got into a state of chronic iu urrcctiun, manib .-ted, how ever, imnly Iy pns-ive resistance to the tJovermiienr. It is only within the last f w we* ks that the opposition ba.s pained the bounds of pas-Ivcm-ss, and risen into tin* active stale. The brave 11-sians, . c ng once mure “on the English pattern,” resol veil to pay no taxes which had not been voted Ly their legal representative* in pariiam.'nt assemble I. The wretched cLctor 1 despotism, eve rybody feels, cannot endure much loiig-r. This they know at Viinna as well as at Heri.n. Morganatic M.i lame Gertrude is near upon seventy, and though her nine electoral bains may get the scrip and the *li.uiioinls, they will not *ttain mr. -hare of political lights. The heirs to tin 1 tiiroiic is ;i certain Landgraf Fred, ric oi Hess*, married, in *i;>t iiupti.*!-, to a sis t.T of Cz r Alexander, and in a second union, Mill existing, to a daughter of Prince Chari sof Prussia 'i’lii- fj n igraf Frederic has likewise some claiu s iitkuj tiie crown of Denmark, and his accession to the electorate is. therefore, rather doubt ful. M- reov* r. Pru-sia po.-se*ses an an cient title t Hesse, in form of a family p ie f , calleil an n-Lrcrbrudirany or “heritug*- alliance," made in 14.‘>7, and renewtu iu Dl 4. Consequently, Pi us.-ia lakes a great interest in llesse, and for very good reason*. But Austria, too, has an inter est Madame Gertrude and the Elector, as alre dy mentioned, have put them** 1 Ives under the esp cial protection of the Cabi net of \ ienna ; and the de facto interest thus created has been evinced already oner, in 1 352, by the occupation of Hes se by A,ut*(riaii troops At present the Austrian troops arc whispered of again, a having been solicited by his Electoral Highness to assist in breaking open th* money eh*-sts of his loving subject*. The gain-*, as will be sreii, is getting do.-perule, and there will he no time to lose. All sign l * of coming thing.- till that the hour for the battle i- drawing nigh. The cry fa* uni y is loud in Germany, even mote vehement than the cry of liberty: and few do.ibi that to achieve the frH*r either Austria or Prussia must be subdued, so a* to leave the decided guidance of Do nation to otie -late. Prus-ia is the Piedmont of Germany, and the votes of all the LiVerals in the country are in Itei fav**i. The only doubt is whether King \\ illiam I. can become a Victor Emman uel, mid Count Berustorfl a Cuvour. FROM CHARLESTOWN. V A. A correspondent of the New Yoik World, iu giving a long description of the Actings of the Federal army in and about Charles town. Va., says : An al’uir in which the Maryland rrgi mnt were tak*-n prisoners mu.-t be men* ti*ui*d. They were advancing, and earn* 1 UfDii what they supposed t* be two com panion of Confederate cavalry. They opened fire iipm them, doing some dam age. when the cavalry charged up-m t!u m and took the gr*;.ter part of them pri.-on ers The Coiifc*leratc ravn-ry pr*v*.d to hav.* been the “Michigan W olverines I ’ iSome of our solJi.,> evidently think are in the enemy's eountiy, and bare a perfect right to repleni-h tluir homely fare with sn?*li luxuri*s as th<* farms in the vicinity uiT.rd. I can’t say that such depredations have been tyan> n**‘ans general, but on nmri at whose residence I spent half :n hour, and aim ke* ps ahmit a ilozmi negroes nn*l a well stock’*l farm, informed me that a de scent va.* made by fl will not name the regiuidt). and twenty five hogs, ten sheep, several Cattle, i hundred i-hick ons. and I*N of turk* ys, &*., w< re appro priated without ceremony, in -pite of the pretests made hy tbelr owner. It i* bqt just to -ay that a guard was afterward placed ;o protect L*m from of the kin*.. The nIJ gentleman vrns, without doubt, of Southern vympathies, ami jome members of his family without nng froute. The .laughter, an animated sparkling Southern of whom I very innocently inquired if all the yonng men in the coun try bad not been impressed into the Con federate service (I then understood that to! have been the case)* answered with s -JigLl flawof indipitio*. * they bare not, for they all volunteered." 4 I passed a printing office in Charlestown, where the I try in in Frrr Prrx* had beeuj published until the recent approach of our army, and found a quantity of type ct -• ere.i in the street and on the sidewalks. On inquiry I ascertained tint the puhlbh ei had been strongly in favor of the I’nion us long as his personal safety would allow of b'Uvh a Course, and since then his po>i ttou has been as near that of neutrality as could possibly lie maintained. He has been injured to the amount of about $1.00(1. iue churches were all occupied bv the l*ed*ral forces, which is a source of the greatest annoyance to disloyal Charles towu. \\ hen Sabbatli came the churches were very carefully cleaned and prepar ed fur worship ; but no congregation as s nibled. From the Snow Jlill (AM.) Shield. A\ X EXATiON U F V 1 lli JIM A CO (’NT IKS TO MAH V LAND. 1 u our attentive correspondent at New Town we aie indebted for the following important intelligence: Xi;\v Town, March T. Mr. Editor—l received today a letter troiu Hr. (i. Watson dated at Mount Oregon, Acc.mdhc Co., \’a . in which he intonned me of a bill h iving passed the \ irginia Assembly, “ordering a vote, on t!n* loth ot this month, of Aecomac and Noithampton counties for annexation to Ala r viand.” lie also informs mo tint he trot n “char ter it r Eastern Shore Railroad" and express! s the hope that we may do all we can to influence the Maryland Hail mud Company to take hold of the enterprise. i lie importance of this undertaking cannot be too highly considered, com manding. as it should, the vital interest of an enterprising and business section of the State, i hope you will take occasion at an early date, to speak of the advantage that would accrue from this movement, in your much read and widely circulated pa per. Very respect full v. (’ \V. H. M. M e (ru<t that what is foreshadowed in the above communications will be accom plished. and also be acceptable to our peo ple; and that no effort will be spared on tb part of the citizens of Maryland to as sure our neighbors of the Eastern Shore of \ irginia of the pleasure we would have in receiving them into our ( omition weahli. Hr. Wat son deserves • In? highest cotisidrrafioti t**r his public spirit, and w* trust will receive a satisfactory reward from his people for Ids zeal in promoting their interests. We feel ihai himself and the fro nds of this movement merit our es teem and, in exact proportion, deserve our aid. How 11 1. a i.tii Hnioim.Ns Tminus.— (<*d has so knit the mind and body to gether. that they act and it act upon each oilier. \\ ho lias not felt that the state of health gives a coloring to everything that happens to him ‘i One man, whose health is depress*-.!, sees his own fireside, that used lo burn so cheerlv. only covered with gloom and sadness. .Another, of a bright and joyous min.., ju the fall \ig*r of health, will go forth, and the very desert to that man’s eyes will rejoice, and the very wilderness to his view will blos-om as the rose, and the saddest strain* in nature will sound to him the must joyous and biiliiunt. A suff'.-r< r go* i*m rui*i looks >u nature, and its roses are all become thorns, its myrtles ill look like briars, and Eden ii.-elf scorn* like a des* rt, ai.*l the sweeter! minstri Isy of the grove and ill** forest Sounds to him like a wild and wail ing mint r running through all the Sounds uf nature. Tiik Moon’s Ixku bnck on Rain.— From the comparison of a series of obser vations. continued f*r twenty-eight years at Munich, Stuttgard. and Augsburg by I’rofcssT Sthubbr, it appears that the luaxiiMim iuiii.b r *<f rainy days takes place between the first quarter and ill* new in non. The number of rainy day- in the lat of tin *-** intervals 5- to that in the first as (IfH’i to H-fti. ' ! r in round numbers as £f* 0. And this proportion is n**t only true of the twenty-years taken together, but alr* of the separate croups of four years which j/|\e analogous ouothers: we therefore con clude that it rains n ore frequently during the wane of the moon. The r-sults main tained by SchubUr rectivod Mip|ort from ri series of observations inado by I’hil giuai, -I \ iviiuj. —■ Ainct icuii. ISLAM) SO. 10. This now somewhat famous I*l:utd, mi may he *ecn by referring to any gno*| is* situated in the corner of that Un.l ot the Misaistuppi river which touche* the border, of TeifAdbcc!, few .mile* further up the rirer than New Madrid, although a curly soolhwm of that point. It js located about tiro bun- JgJ * >tU fol *1 fr St. Louiiu and vJffcans. Tire cfc vat of thT nvff bf thi. point is about two hundred feet ahore the level of the delta, or its mouth. Thu average depth of the water at this point it from ninety to one hundred nnd twenty feet, nnd the breadth ef the stream, fiom main land to main land, about nine him* ( dred yard*. The current rum hy the is land at a moderately fast rale, and with the p..wer ot the three rivers—Mississippi. Missouri and Ohio-combined. The is land i* near the southern, of what might he termed the eastern, bank of the river, but, at this point, the stream varies from if?> southern course, and turns abruptly to the northwest, leaving this island in the southern angle of the bend. If is about forty five mile*, by tli< course of the ri-’CT. south ct ( oluiijliih, and about liG mib's from Hickman It is near Obit nvillc. It was said that the Doiifcderate t rce ia oc cupation nf the Maud nuiiiheretl iin.lKMI tneti, and that ail the heavy froiu ( 1 oltimbus hau lo.*n mounted on the for tifications on the Island. The chief of lluse were on the Kentucky ddc of the Is laid. All of die Confederate transport were lying at the foot of the I!and. Their river force consisted of five gunboats and a flouting battery. Wiiolhsomk A nvn*K —V’or a fir of nR, - ; ness, count the tickling* of a clock far an hour. Do this, nnd you will be glad to pull "fi tour coat tin* next, and work liko a negro for a fit of extravagance and Mir, go to the worK-houM, or speak with th* wretched and ragged inmates of a jail, am! von will be convinced, M lei makes Ids lie.t of l.ruir ri.i! (horn. Must l>e CDiitrni to lie forlorn. hor a fit of ambition, g > into a church* yard, and read tin* grave-stones: they will tell 30U the cud of ambition. The grave will soon be your h.*l-chainher. the eatili your pillow, connpriou your father, and flic worm your mother uni sister. for a fir cf repining, look about for the halt and the Lmimi. ami visit the hed-rid iden. and afllietid, and deranged; nnd they will make you ashamed of Complain ing of your lighter afflictions. for u fit of despondency, look fill the good things whirl, ha* given von in ilu> world, mid at tin c which ho Las promised to his follow. r> in the nett; he who goes into his garden to look f* r cob webs and spider*, no doubt uil! find tin in; while he who looks for a fewer may return to hi* house with one blooming in his bosom. .*•■. 1 [brum the Napoleon Southwest ] TOST TIIK HOOKS I The first year of the Republican Ad ministration was brought to a close on Monday, March 4ili and we proj o p to ‘post the books" and .er ho w mat tern stand. Instead of tin* “good time** promised the people by tin* lb publican party. *> the re sult of Lincoln’* election, we have- - X*T A div id* d I’uioii. X-ff* A Moody and devavting (’ivil War. A Jiankrupt Trca*nry. A daily expenditure of 000. (tOt) Jt*f' A Nation-1 Drill ot £fOO.t,HHMI(jO. X-f?‘ Direct TaxMmn. A National Rank. The prices of all kinds of product down. X-fT Tiie price of everything wo havo to buy. up These ate Lincoln times -vea, lilaek Republican time*. \\ hat gn at sin has tin* American people Comtiiittrd that t’.o Almighty iiu.> visited His wrath upon tfi*? Nation in null a teirible n 11*1.1 r ? A St ha set; Di;tvi —Old Sipiris W is an le in:, f, jovial son), with few religion* scruple#— fold ot h heartv laugh or ago .l joke at any time iI• relates the follow ing on h in self as an actual orcr*nce : - One liigbf. hovs I had a vr y strango dr- am. [ thought ! was about to get to H a veil. A L*ng ladder, like .f-teoh*i reached from the ground toward* tl ■* * 'good place.” and it wag on this I-uMcr that 1 went Up When I reach'd the r. M I found a space of seven > r right interven ing bet wen the la-t round and the crle-- ti I gate. 1 could sec within, ami c.. 1 glimses of the fim thing* inside. P**i*-r stood at the entrance- he lc,li d onr- - reach*') out his hand and loiu me to mak-j a big jump 1 did jump, hu\s, and got dm of the d- —dust fails you ever heard of- - for I found myself sprawling on *!• fl .oj, having jumped on! of bed while I wa liv ing to jump into heaven.” In returning thank*, in an after-dinm r spireh. Drown d.cla..d that Uc am* “iuO full ibr uticrauco.” t NO 13

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