Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, March 27, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated March 27, 1862 Page 2
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■ ■ ■ iw. I. ■ L.I-' 'MI * *-* '-* r *~ SAINT MARY’S EEICON LKOK %Rl> TOWS l*f 0., thrr.S \\ MORXINO,M AIM* 11 27, lo* 2 .. ■ - \ Govt l,„ i;,u* term of our Circuit Court ter- i on Sal unlay hist. aft r an active mhl well felU;i‘l*l *?sion nt >iv day*. An niiu>iiailv large amount • •£" civil bu.-iuc s wis di.-* posed of. hm wiTm lik< win' nil flu* • 1 riiniiial ciw* tlial wii 1 in rciidinoM fur trial. In the case of the State vs. Chari* s Tli'nn)i< n. indicted for the mur-, tier of John Co’e F. !., a verdict of not guilty was found; and. : s lie • ther criminal cases that were tried were not Milftcient importance lo he deemedTfU^fc.*- of public interest, we decline to report ibi ir result*. In the of Isaac Cough. (slave of Mrs. liroome) indicted for rape ' upon Susan Kllis, no trial was had, in con m’ijUcucc of the absence from the county of important witnesses for the defense. , Other case*, of minor importance, wen likewise pOstjioned for similar or other causes. The ease of Jiranson Collins, F. 11., indicted for burglary, was adjourned j the Equity term. in June next, at ' which time it will be tried before tin ( court. As this was the first term of court held here, since the election of the Hon. (•eorge Hrcnt to the Judg. ship, i*. is a subject of congratulation to his friends, j both in and out of the county. iu he able ' to state, that he acquitted himself, in hi- 1 new sj In re. in highly creditable man* ' er. His dignified and prompt dispatch i of business, accompanied by the graceful • c lunesy with which he presided, elicited , much praise both irom the bar i• * I the community at lurg-, and the forcible and | lucid s'yle iu which he gave his decisions in the cases before him fer trial, has been j* subject of gvii -ral and eoinpHmeiitary : c i ninjtil bv all ini lligei.tatt ndriits upon • u , our court. His charge to the C rand Jury was an able and elaborate conmientary ' * ; upon the immoral tendency ot our people. in these days of internal discord, and can- ; not fail to operate as a remedy for some ot ; the evils that have been gradually creeping I into our social system. Cpon the whole,; Ills Honor wears (he judicial ermine well, and bids fair to fully maintain, on the j tench, the very high r -pu ation ns a jurist, i which he had won at the various bars at . which he had practised in this State. '1 he i new furcinaii of the <I rand Jury, Win : Walls, E>q., also acquitted himself in a j handsome niaiiiirr. and deserves both the , praise and thanks of all advocates for tin- j preservation of order ami the enforcement I of the law’s. Profession vs Practice Tin* fourth article of the Chicago Plat form reads a> follows: ( “The maintenance inviolate of rh<*l rights of the States, and especially the , right of each Slate to order and control ! its own domestic institutions, according to ' its own judgment, exclusively, is essential I to that balance of powers on which the ' perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends.” Ou the -lid of March, the lit pub- ' licau Congress passed an act, which de- j dared— • That no amendment shall he made to the Constitution which will authorize, or give Congress power to abolish, or inter- ■ fere within any State with the domestic | institutions thereof, including that of per- i sons held to labor or servitude by the laws i of said State.” The opinions of Mr. Lincoln, ns ex-; pressed in his inaugural, are as follows: * I have no purpose, directly or indi-! redly, to interfere with the institution fj s'avery in the States where it cxi.-ts; 1 believe I have no lawful right to Jo so. Those who nominated and elected me did 1 no with a full knowledge that 1 had made ; this and many similar declarations and j have never recanted them. And more i than this, they were placed in the platform ; for my acceptance, ami as a law lo them- I a Ivi s and to me. in the clear and em- • pliatie resolution which I now read. I now j reiterate those sentiments, and in doing so • I only press upon the public attention the most conclusive evidence of which the ease 1 is susceptible—that the property, ponee i Aind security of no section are to be in • anywise endangered by the now incoming ndministration I understand a proposed amendment to the Constitution,! which amendment, however, I have not seen, has passed Congress, to the effect, that the Federal Clovernment shall never , interfere with the domestic institutions of j the States, including that of persons held to service. To avoid misconstruction of! what 1 have said. I depart from my pur- j pose so far as to say, that bolding such a : provision as now implied to l-e constitu tional law, I have no objection o its being 1 Made express and irrevocable.” This is, perhaps, enough for the present on the score of profession. What Repub lican practice has been, we shall next pro- ‘ eced to show. Pas-dug over the bill uow ,Ikfore Congress for the abolition of slave ry in the district of Columbia and the emancipation scheme, a developed in the recent message of Mr. Lincoln, ami the aending of A'oitioii i'll! i rt.t t the S'-ut h-rn cities and villages which are M-cupied by the Federal army, our utten lion is arrested by the position taken ly the Republican party upon ibe passage Of the bill attaching certain penalties and i punishment* to any soldier or officer who .-h:dl return a fugitive dar* to a loyal masn r. even in those States where the Federal authority is reeoguixeu. The hill itself renders entirely nugatory the fugitive slave I*w. Heretofore, whenever, the civil authority h;s lioen incapable of enforcing the provUimi of that act. the military power has hern summoned to i's aid This was done at Dust on under the administration of Fillmore, ud under all other administration* when it was invoked The military power is now, not only rx -1 empted from the duly of as-i.-ting to exe cute the Fugitive skive law, where the •civil pew r *n impotent, but it is punished if it iiit*rf-res at all. Uif to the position •if the K* publicans. Fending the passage •if the till iu {question, many amend ments were pr-’p'sed ten ding to miii.-ate , ila harsh and unjost features and to dis- : , criminate between the loyal and the dis loyal slave States. Mr. Davis, of Ken j lucky, proposed that ail officer-* and |>er-j ; sons in the military asnl naval service of the I’nitc-d States should be prohibited from detaining, harboring or concealing i fugitive fduvt s. 'i’iii.s was voted down by !-9 to 10. Another amendment was of ■ fered. to the efi <;t. that tlic article in 1 J quesli* n sliould not apply to (he States ot Delawar*, Maryland, Missotni and Ken tucky, lior als where w ..ere tiie Federal ; authority is ixcogt.iz. d or can he ni- 1 i forced. This was also voted down. An j amendment was tin u off* red prohibiting j any forces of the I’nited Stales being cm- • ployed for the purpose >f enticing or dc -1 cov in if slaves from the service of loyal ■ master*! This was Kkewise voted down . by I*9 t<- 10. i And it is because we do not fall down I land worship this forostyrn abomination that w<; are treated as disloyal. The trim question i*j not wh- tln-r we shall support ; the Old Flag cr the 01 I < lovernmeiit, but . whether we sL:ll utdiold im-n w!;o are j guilty of moral perjury and who arc seek i ing, ovt r a violated tjon-tirntinn, lo le-’ • galize dclihcntc robbery. They have | swept from around nur persons all th*- covenants and securities of our ancient ; laws. They ate now seeking to fasten a • vindictive tax upon cur industry, tin {effect of which must In-, to drive both our : labor and capital into new and unprofita ble channel?, or to rodime the rich to pov-1 jetiy and ♦lie poor to pauperism. JShall we shake the hand that robs and tnmt again ■ ; the tongue that lies’/ Shall wejdoff our hat [to iniquity or that.k tyranny f*r injury i j and insult*' Fhall we lay our substance j I at tiie feet of Mr. Lincoln, and in a bonds- ( man's k* y. with ’hattd breath and wliis-j peril.g humbleness, say* this— . Fair sir, y*u spii <>n ns on Wednrsd&y last ; Vu kj mi ru’d ns Mirli a day ; aaoiaer Hint \*.-u .-all*ii us <!<•” ; am! lor llie.-e • ounesies j W ’!! givo- you i!ms imn It monies' Black Hawk- We have been requested, by ft gentle man of this county, to state, that there * j will be a line Vermont Stallion *ti •x --> hibitiou in Leonard Town on Tuesday i ! next. The stands and terms will appeal ) • iu hand-bill form hereafter. Ths News. I The trammels, in the shape of bills of | pains and p'-nalties, which the new Secre tary ot War has doomed expedient to fas- i ten upon the press in the “l-'yal” State*, j • together with the late fu.-l v fuiminationsfruu. i b j the Fortress Monroe commandant, have left the means of obtaining infer-1 ! maiioii from the thcatie of*aclive hos- > tilifii-s’ so inragre, that we an j now reduced to the necessity of relying j I alone upon Federal authority, aided by. jlhe scrutiny of a venal censorship, for ah, _ the war news that readies u.-. Of thi.-, ;mu ah, however, we are satUfied. Tin j m • army of the Potomac has marched against Manassas and found that po**t evacuated. ! Whether it is still on ward for Richmond. • j via (lordonsville, is a question still in j doubt. We are told that Win-duster is’ f Occupied, that the batteries on the Hue of; ■ the Potomac are abandoned, and that no I enemy has be* n seen since the “grand aru.y’ took up its line of march. l*ut . hen* ••'•me coiiHicting rumors. The <le-; sorted Potomac batteries have been f und to be still troublesome in th*. Aquia (Veek re gion. The "grand army.’ after reaching Manassas, bus been compelled to retrace , its footsteps, and the (’onfederates, under • Jackson, havesuddeuly reappeared at Win chester. It is true, the Aquia Oreck batte ries cau|douoharm. for these Potomac bade ' ries, although for several months, they effec tually elossed the Potomac to Federal trans portation, were nc m r deemed worthy of ; Lien. McClellan's attention. Neither can the desertion of Manassas, though its po ! session was thought indispensable a few 1 weeks ago, bo regarded otherwise than a good strategefic movement. If the great stronghold has been reached, its fortifica tions dismantled , its modern uruiameiil se cured and no enemy to be found, why not return with these trophies to the Capitol? Why endanger the recapture of the great Centerville armament by following the en emy to the banks of the Rappahannock ? ' Again, forage and provisions were rcarcc nt Manassas, and trr.nsp* across the I . •■ ■ ~ j. ,* mads to Washington was too difficult aud tardy to >ripply *bc demand.'* <f such an army. It would seem, there fore. that a retrogressive movement became Imperative, and we art* inclined to eredil the rumor that the grand army has fallen harfc upn Washington* Hut a word more upon the Jaekson affVr. It U re ported that he encountered the Federal*. ,in the to ighborliood *f Witn-hesler, on Sunday last, and that, after n well con tested fight of right cr ten hours, he was -tgnally defeated. Ills force was esti mated at 1.1,000 n.eii and 'lie claimed to have defeated him with S.OOO. Th y acknowledge a loss of 7”) killed and 200 wounded, whll-t th.* Onf'-d**rale l**s i.- put down at killed rnd a propor tionate number wouti led. Gen Shields, who commanded the I‘VderaH. was slight ly won tided in the tight, which he report* as a brilliant Federal success. There was j f also a slight skirmish on Monday, which, resulted iu a Federal loss of 10 men and the capture of an assistant topographical engineer attached to the Federal service, j How much of this report is true, or far it is consistent with the reports received ■•f engagements that took place prior to the censorship of the press, when state ments and reports received other than those manufactured by parties under •. * * j duress, or in the pay of ike Government. we leave our readers to form tlnir own conelu-i >ns. We will suggest, however. that the whole report is poorly gotten up if untrue, and if true flatly contradicts the Federal reports, that the whole confederate army had fhd. in terror and di.-may. from Manassas and Winchester to a point H.* miles di.-tant. After a silence of several weeks. the renown* d Burnside's expedition has been again heard from. It seems that he is neither in the rear of Norfolk, nore nmtr tor Weldon, but has turned his forces in another direction. During the past week, he has captured Newbern and occupied Beaufort. At the former place a stub born icsi&tuticc was made, and the l itter I was found evacuated. Fort Macon, which. 1 by the occupation of B* auf rt. was place*! ; at the mercy of the Federal*, is reported : to have been blown tip and the Steamer Nashville, that was lying under the guns <*f the Fort, has been burnt. The Feder al loss, in Hi** Newborn tight, is r* ported j iat tmm dOO to O*>*t in killed and wounded. whilst the Confederate loss is thought to ; have been much less. The Federal forces numbered O.tHMt or more, whilst the Con f ’federates only numbered IdOO. But the ! latter were protected by breast-works. I Reports from other militarv points in 9 • I i tlie South -how no material change in th** ■ ' a-pect of aflaiis. It is rumored, howev i , **r, that the Federal.* arc* rapidly strengfh i ening tli.-ir various commands along the ' I Southern coast preparatory to general am! i ! simultaneous movements against N**w Oilcans, Charleston, Savannah, M"bil<* and the other principal cities located on 1 or near the coast. The Confederate force f ; i between Charleston and Savannah is cs i llmatid at 00.000, whilst New Orleans . and Mobile are .said to ho strongly for : ifii d and well protected with troops. A report is circulated at the South, that I*resideut Davis is soon to go West on *, business connected with the war, but whether to fake command, or personally , i superintend important military movements 1 it is not known. Recruiting in tin* South is reported as unprcoedently pros perous, hut a sea reify of arms is -aid t. exist. At the Norfolk Navy Yard, the ' Mcniinac is said to be still undergoing ' repairs or alterations ami several other larjre vessels, among them the Delaware, i i c e are being iron-elad aud equipped after the fashion of the Merrimac. I Reports from the West, show the Fede ral* to be still actively engaged iu aggres sive operations. At Island No 10, a fight has been going on for & week or J more, and. ut latest advices, it was thought likely to continue for sometime longer.— f The gun and mortar hoatsjK-eni to make ! i hut little impression upon the defences, | which are reported ;is very formidable and ' strongly manned. its location is such as to protect the works from a flank attack. • and its abandonment can be easily effected . if it should become a matter of necessity. Coin. Fuotc thinks it much harder to re- ' dueo than Columbus would have been, aud his di patches arc not over eucourag- • ing as to the time and Certainty of its redac tion. Th** fight has been f hu.- far conduct ed a f long range and the lots of life !.*.** . 1 been in consequence. An attempt to storm the works, the Federal authori ties say, would be sheer madness. We therefore argue that this post will bold out for sometime, if the Confederates shall deem its possession of import unco. In ‘ Southern Tennessee, or Northern Mis-is idppi, a early engagement is looked for. between the Federal*, under Grant, and the Con fed era ts under Beauregard. At latent accounts, their respective commands were but ten miles apart and an engage nu wt was daily looked for. Reports, con firming the Pea Ridge fight, have been re ceived at the South and the death of Ben. 4 HcCVUvt!. L iwwr conceded. The fight \ I lasted three days and was a most stubborn aud sanguinary affair. The report* *f Gens. Price and Van Dorn h**w the Con federate los to have been from 2.000 to 2,000. iu kill* d and wounded, and claim that the Federal loss was nearly if not equally as great. They do nor admit a defeat and express a determination to spec-nilv iem*w the fight and drive tLc Federal* cut of Arkansas. The lo*s d Cunf**derate officer* was very great, which Van Dorn assigns * a chi* f reason l<*r the discontinuance of the fight on th *, part of the Confederate*, •> he was ap prehensive that disorder and di-orgaui aitioii ti igiit gi ow out of a co’*- , i *• in the fi M of an nnofficerrd force. 11 * s!ats, tl at he withdrew his force* and baggage with ut uodes'ati u a d ’hat I* eFe V als h d -in .e Nuade i n at "nipt t * j follow him. Th* two armies are now ut no great distance aptr* and another engagement is s| eedily looked for. Tim News frmn Europe is rather fa vorable to th*' Government than other

wise. The efficiency of th*' blockade has been admitted by both Houses f the English Parliament, and Rus.da and France are reported to incline to th** • same direction. The Commercial and maiiufat tilling classes of England and France are, however, clamorous for peace even at the cost of an armed intirvcn* li"ti. The London 7 mu* states, au- . thoritivvly that there is already a large, party in N*_w York city hostile to the continuance ot the war, and concludes a , very Icnuthv and able article on A mer it, an affairs by d*clating that “‘here, must be a speedy peace, to satisfy par- , ins both at home and abroad. Congress is activity engaged in tin debate of the tax will, which, it is thought, will pass without any important amend ments. The Abolitionists are also active- j ly at work, and the Bill for the emancipa tion of the slaves in the District Cdum- . hia, it is thought, will pass. Wcnddl Philipps, whilst delivering an abolition lectuic at Cineinnatti. on Mon day night last, was mobbed by the citizens. ; He escaped, it is stated, without receiving i any serious injury to his j rson, but not without receiving a pretty genteel palling with *•''*. stem * and oth**r convenient C 9 f inissiK s , We have b< i n informed that two sol-; diers, belonging to the detach meat .••ation- ! ed i : tl.i- county, \v nt r.* ihe residence o‘ j B. U. Ab* 11. E-q . iii Medley's Neck, on Friday last, ami behaved in a most shame ful inaniu-r, abu-iog and threatening Mr. Abell and assaulting one of his servants I’pon the outrage bring made known to . Major Chapman, tin* commanding officer, he promptly ordered the air* st of I lie of femiing parlies, and they ar * at present held in close confinement in our town. j GREAT BRITAIN. _ i In tlie House of Commons on the Tih j Inst , Mr. Gregory, pur-u int to not'iee. c;*l- led tlie attention of the House to the Mock ade of the B"Uth* rn ports. anl movc*l f**r ; a copy of any correspondence on the suh- i ject suls* *|ueiit to the paper.- already be fore the House. He expressed his strong; sympathy for th** struggle now going for ward in the U* nh-devato grates. an*l de clared that a separation of the from the North and u n-construction of tin* I n ion were the only means by wiiieh they could hope to see slavery ab* li-hed in Amrica. He c*uitcnd*d that the efficiency of the blockade of the Southern port.- was a *ju***- ! lion of great importance to F.nglami and i t* Europe, and lie asserted that our n.eog- j nitioii of it. in its pr* sent stale, a posse*! us to severe criticism on tin* part i of foreign jurists. Among others. M. De j Hautevilb*. one of the mn.-l eminent *f modern French writers, had charged the; us with conniving at an illegal blockade ; j and that we did so, not from any friendly i feeling towards the I'nit* d .Slates, but in ! order that we might make it the basis for • enforcing our own arrogant pretensions, when, having become ah lligerent nur- * sc Ivvs, it might be to our interest to bet aside the principles of international law.— \ Our justice ami impartiality, in fact, were; involved in this matter. If the blockade is ineffectual we are c*n- ' niving at the use of a weapon *jf warfare by one belligerent which it is wot in the power of the other In employ, and we are thus acting unjustly to fair traders by making commerce a matter of smug-{ gling, gambling and speculation. W* | are also depriving the manufacturers of that raw material by tlie manufacture of which so many have hitherto obtain- i ed a livelihood. The privations which > have resulted iu consequence of this have 1.- fir been borne patiently, but no one could say how much longer they would be < ndured when the imprcs-ioii was daily gaining ground that they were forced upon the* country Ly illegal acts. 1 He (Gregory) had no desire to attack 1 the Government for the course they had taken. They hud a difficult part to play | ami they hud played it well. Though resolved to vindicate to the utmost ex tent the honor of the country, tiny had been actuated throughout by a spirit of forbearance un i conciliation, but still they might go too far. The opinions of the neutral Bowers were almost unanimous!) aguint the legality of the blockade. Hitherto the blockade had net fulfilled any of (he condition* which voaid constitute it i< gal and effi cient. On the contrary, steamers of light drought have uoiitiuually run it. ntld wore daily plying between the vari- ! ous ports of the Southern States. In conclusion, be iig* J that if the country continn-d t connive at nn i b*g.d ami inefficient bbvkade. in order to concili ate the Hnil.d States, the Peclamtiau of Baris would be. so far as it regard-d :h'J Confederate Stales, a mockery—-as ro “ giiflcd ii.tornati*nal law. a delusion —anti, with re-pec? to the trade and commerce the world n snare. Mr. George Beutincfc s*cuiJed the mo tion. He thought his honorable fii*n*i had established a clear ease a- •* the im fficii-ney of the blockade. The only |>r*spcvt of bringing about a conclusion >f the war the rccognithm on Hie; parr of this country and the gr at Eu ropean P.iw-rs of the independence be Southern Stales. Jh* re-unioii of the North* i n and Sou.lmrn Slates he r**gaided a> nn utter iuposabillity. Ihe Nuiih-ru Si tc c *uli not cotnphrn of I-ic r*c gnitioii of the Siiulheru Lonfcd !*•; cv win d th**y remembiT that they de iiv* d their origin from a successful sec *s >ton from the Government of this coun try. Mr. W. K. Foster d*-uicj that the blockade was ineffi etn.l, and nlale.i tliat that the list of upwards of three bnn . dred vessels which had been hauJo-i iu h^ - Mr. M sou as a list of the vessel.- which hid broken the blockade, had. on | examim.Eon. divided down to nineteen, sunl ni*>st * f thi se had t scaped on dark and-to - my nights, thus evincing the .-liingeny rather than the inefficiency o: the tilock a<lc. H; also rendlidf*! the House f-iat *lu*ing the war between Great Britain a:**! h*r n v**lr* d eohni*s in Am* ri ca, no less than five bundled privateers succeeded in getting out of American ports. He warmly eulogized the con duct of her Majesty s tjovornment in •reference to America, and said lhirf*r- Iharance and firmness hud been the : in* ans of preserving us from one of the most ilep orahh* wars in which it was pos i sj bio we eul*i be cngag* d. He truste*! that no temptation, not oven the sufferings of a portion of the population, would induce the Goverti n.ei t to depart from the strict neutrality hitherto observed. f-ir James I*\ ruson contended that ; without a declaration of war there could . be no legal blockade, ami called *>n her i Majesty’s Government to interfere in th** matter. By sanctioning the continuance of an illegal blockade, they were virfu • ;illv parliiig from the professions f m*i- Irality and assisting the stronger INiw -1 or- Mr. Milner could not believe in the dissolution of the Great American Lu ien. and so l*ng as it existed he depre- I cated any active inlet feivnee by tin* British Government in the struggle now ! takin" place. Mr. Linsday quoted from sev* r.*d ?.*t • t**r- he had recciveil from Anu rica in ‘proof *f bis a-’Seri ton that the blockade’ was n null, papir bl*K*kale. and that it I ha*l hi.*rn broken nearly one hundred times by vessels trading regularly between the Southern States aud Cuba, i The So;icitor-G*'m*ral was **f th** opin ion that it was tin* duly of tiu* Govern ment to maintain, a.- they bad hitheit** done, strict and impartial neutrality be tween the contendin'; parti**- vvitli r*‘garl to tin* blockade. It- *ffici*ney nm-t h** jii'lgcd by Great Britain by those prin-i riples of international law whieli had ' *e**ii laid dawn by the most di-tiiejai-di - ' ed jurists, ami which had invaiiahlv byen ' acted on when qm*s*ion>* of bbntkade h*nl j arisen. Fnglaml had as strong ;*n in-, i tere.-t as f.ny country in th* w*uld in ; iii;iiiifiiininj; the rights of h!**<*ka*i'.* h\ a bcllig.ront Fewer, and she vv.**; bound t to exercise the greatest caufi'in before she t**ok ;>ny course which might übi tnately destroy the value of maritime unien.aey that great arm on which in • bpemlencj aui strcngtli had b**fti es tablished. Tl ie Hon. gent’eman ontired into a lengthy argument, in the course of which he quoted numerous precedents to show j that th** present blockade \v:i' a-* tffi< i*uf as other blockades had been in forim-r years, and that it would ho a violation, ‘both of international law, and of the piin : tuples of neutrality, to break it. In public notification was issued by the Bt ir -1 i**h Government that there would In* a n"- i Toils blocka*le of Havre. A force was -cut out t*i establish the block a I**, hut the Commander was so remiss in the execution iof his duly, that lie habitually allowed i ships to run in. to that practically it might be sn: 1 tint there was n* bloeka*le at all. ktt it was nevertheless held that ko long as a force remained, and the nolifica | Hon was not ignored, the blockade was considered *o be in cxi-lence, and any I neutral vc*:m*l breaking it was liable to ’ capture. That was, he considered, a case | | strictly analogous to that of the blockade !**f tic ports with ibis exception, that the duties of the blockade in for.’ iu ; the latter instance hud been more rigr*rous- * ly executed He compliiuentM the speech ’ jof Mr. Trait her, asserting that the facts ! the honorable member had laid heforw tin;' House were wholly unanswerable. The | return.- received by the tioverninent fully I established the a.*curacy of hin statistics ) i He proved convincingly that there hnd ■only been oie or two instances, and these. ' too. under rover of night, in which the' ; blokade had been successfully run j I* l -’ I n l fnileJ to gather from the Hon. * member from Galway what the precise • . end he wish' d to attain. Did he wish this country to dictate to the United States ! ' the manner in which lielligt-rcut operations, 1 so far as tlie blockade was concerned, (ought to he carried on and if their offer ; was not*.!, to establish an avmed neutrality and by force break through and destroy Hie obstacles which the United States had placed to the access of our mcr ehani vessels to particular p.>rts V Budi & course on mr part would have been ac tual war. aud was not more h moralde he- ‘ cause unavowed. In conclusi- u. ho . p*.ke in the highest t'Tius nf the pal'uut forbear ance Hie manufacturing population of this country had vxihitvd under the privations this unfortunate struggle had entailed on i them, and urged that a deprecating voice t icveo more powerful than thjit pf Govern monts, woul'i have been heard from one cud .of tbc country ty the olUr if Miui.ten bn*l lutin''- 1 r --r -i r*nmorf to n*iy proposi tis for l.r akinjjf flu* Muckaib*. He ro mi iuml bis scat amiilM lou-I ckcrs from all parts of the Horse A r ?f*r wine further r>n rk from Lord R. (J; eil and Admiral W nlrot. (ho motion vva> negatived without a division. fPrmu tin* N\v O !•■n It.-lfa ) • TIIKUK’S LSFK IN Till-: OLD LAND V KT" **C2 aves tie better hid l v* done s than !,y . ' Jt’.XS I'.Vl i . IT tin* gr ave nf urihapny M ir. land w really dug and its in ojn | heap* d hy the minions ot despotism, tm*re would not I. . wanting lovely f*nus I lend r hearts r> I*, die r* '"d with fl "v rs. IS If smm-fiin>p wmiid in* still licking to giv * th** etown ing •oneli of consecrated imlauehody to the scene —something to mike death ut t, rl\ beautiful—something to mukc di.-pair transCcmlentiy *!• •<j:i nt end tliat won) I be sij - !i garlands of son r as might |, t wreathed by the you ig Southern po,t who com posed the stilting in-lodv of **There*s Life in the Old Land V< r.’* This fine p *em appeared origitial’y in the D Ita. and has sine* h cn ext n-iv-dy n . puldi In.d hy the South rn pes at d <*re.;i ed to the IS 1 i imr • Exchange. Wo are l>y no menus sure tl at it wis pu - li>hed in that journal, an 1 doubt witetb i* it has found publication anywhere in ilm trampled State wli'w wongs it j aintt, whose vengeance it invokis, who.v* !;oj, s tt sets to lofty rhyme. It soon, h*nve\ei, wt nt h one to the h-aifs of the expatri di d Marx landers, who in \ iiginia, are li-i.t. hg against tin* deepdi-m which c: u<du*s tie it* fatherhiini; and. uide-d. through u;i, the Army.of tin* I’otnmue it h-ts h-Vu adopted a* a favorite war song. a*, w l< am , from several army conv-.pomhiiis i f 1;.? press The con**.Meml<uK of tin* (’ln: !, -- tnn Mercury, writing fn-m t Vnti t•• sli< , thus speaks ut th. p..rt it was made ?.* } lay in the ceremony ef lisfrihuting the )**xy battle tl ig to tin* v.oio<i> giim-I.f ( .f tie' army : "All of the officers. o ; i r •*• iviug the •Southern (’rss mad** tin ir ackicwe dg nictits in patriotic j !i-dg< s t.• do their dittc. The hands then played tire familiar air from II I* uri’a; i. to xvid h mude >ou.e soul atining lines, sug £e-tt*.v of tl • r-. cue, of Maryland, mil h en written hv ,1. U. Uaitdall. a young poet of N*i u ().!<■:•; v r whose* fugitive v. rscs hm* :tpf ;\ tract., J mtie'll attention. I h inted epic ~f those verses were di.-tro tr> I an. ■ * : the several ivgi.n Ids. Mr. Randall. the author of tin* poem, is a native ot Maryland, and has been .•one I years a resident of Nut 0,1 -ms A piv . xh.u** poem from his p. n on ?!,. >,-,,* . tin me app and in tin Ib-lla 1 ! -;!•_* It was toll ot {.atiios and pi unlive m* !■ . , and wns n,>*. j iu*led to -*• h ti tt;f .*■;>•! r-*!s --, it*g tt I* Vis t lj. wltich was - girded as the lest j reduction of th<* km t which the war I. a 1 inspired. 11. el in* author written only these **.>< a,; ur, w • could say he p >ss s>,-d a j*einsar if< t;i n for eomposii'g war s*mgs. Hut dts-i ii.;r iiatiog fitclers who iiave m. ; e.',iii ln.s other pan ms. would unln sirarinjK di-pm • this v*-rdiet, ami elai n f.t|* !iiiii randv net , and hiiiiiant powers of s.ifigiuaMoii. htiim r and sutile, tog til r with e\lla<nl)ii., l y felicity ot language iipui e\erv theme which may fire a p •ft, or u> u ei ;h llisl;- ed xvith v. rse. The South is rich in ’lt, i*ar> t,! id and genius, which are d. >;imd t i thnov ;.d, i"U:.d h< r history. Inf. v. it It* .111 m, aid g any individual dis*i.ntioii. w. nav w ll sty then; i.“ lion**, whose fani'* >!ie In* hi"!'.; reason ?o ch'-vi-h wi h pi i !■• imi -*tl u than tliat ot th 1 * y nng poi t lo ule n, we "ftind, in the f.ip owiiijr reu arks, a hast*/ and imperfect fiihut *. \s m.-d, .i ,s a mail as he is acfruitph-died ;,s a r. distin guished le>| t c —s t• 11* *-X*•lopi ii Ir- ,’im I social merits than fu* natur.i gif.s and cultivation of mind, he is mg .*• person likely to L* .spoiled hy either popular ad miration or eritical praise, though, unu [-- pily such "rgatiiy.atioi,s ai- hut 100 often expressed l-v n< gh.*;}. As the song of "Tlrr-’s (do in the Old I rnd Vet" is so mueli sougd t after <oi I , , r tue tronijer. we j.resume it.- r' publi ati>.i would not I JV uugcC*. ptahle in thi* city. LIFE IN THE Lli UNU VET • • r JAM K s h. UAS'IHM. By Mae PniapuriFs billow v dauli 1 ie tyrant's mu slioui comes, Aloau wid* cymbal V fitful, yX nd —row i ot liia mil Mu c, t, r,, s ; We I-far K-Wf heed it wifcli hri I*. tinl we shall not forgive or f..r *cl There*.-, until m die i remits, thereh*re m • lkr l.llls j ole in the Old Liiiid yei! Minions twc sleep. Km ue j,re no* ( }e.,il ; We uie cnihiietl, we are s*<>:ir—e<l, wc ate war red; ' ® ro,ll 'n—"d : ' to welcome the iiium,>l tread Ot the peerless Bcaoreg rJ; Then woe lu jour vile, polluting hoide, t Wlien tlie Southern braids are me; Fljete s faith in the vn io*’ stuinies. .-w-rd, ! TheicN life i.i the Old Lund yet! j Bigots! ye tjiicll not ihe valiant mind With the clunk of an iro' ohmi: , T lie Spirit of Freedom signs in ti e wind tr Merry man, I'lKmiu and (lain*; And we, liiuiiifu we sunlit tint ( art not :\\ r ;lts- We aie pilin- a -lory dubt, * 'V>de down hy .Mrllenrvh du>ttffr*n wajis j 1 l.eft*ii hie in the Old Land j>i ! j Our women have bung ineir h iros away, . A l '*! 'bey scow! on your bru'.d bnn j Wlide da nimble poi-nnrd darea the U y. * I" •heir dear, defiant hands; j •!*')• Will strip ilieir tresses m st. i,- oui .a.wg, ■ . , '* rc Ain them aun u srt, lhere’ Inith in their unrelenting wfe —. I * life m :J,e Old L.t>id ye ! ! Tj|ir# • lif, though it ih r u'obitl m s:ltu; •-en?*: ’i'i* with .nt noise ; It -uahet) o'er .Vlau.nts is ’ soleai,, piai n I* mill the ui'Miil of ,h c ,\J o viand bo.'s. riiiU blood shill e.ry nhind nmj n.- all everlasiin— itirrai ; Uy the deilli o( the brave, by the 4 U *C ; 'FhereN life 111 the o|l] IpliJ V—t ! j ' lilJhlL i On tho Htl ilist., nt St. Vi Ire V ParsQnage, JAMK'*. son of Jwuic* R ami Maria Antoinette liopcwdl, in the 10th ytai ut hie Ujj. .

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