Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, April 10, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated April 10, 1862 Page 2
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SAINT WARY’S BEACON LKOKARD TOWN Ml>., THURSDAY MORNING* FEU. 10, ISO! Notice to Correspondents- We have received a very interesting I description of the movements and capture .f * strange aniisal, in the neighborhood ••f the Great Mills in tbi# county, railed the Hoy*! Gauges Pollygrab. This animal ii said to have escaped from au East India j Barque, in the Potomac, which was bound | to Washington, the captain of which in tended it as a present to President Lin coln. We regret that the letter of our es teemed correspondent was not received in time for publication this week. It will certainly appear in our next. We learn that (be animal has already been exhibited at the Clifton Factory where it has attract ed immense crowds and excited unwonted* Interest among all classes. e— ■ s*f> Clark I- Durant, Esq It affords us a very high pleasure to be xble to announce to our readers, that ibis gentleman has at lost been released from his confinement at F*nt Warren and haq returned to his home in Leonard Town. Notwithstanding his long and rigorous im prisonment. the health of Mr. Durant docs not seem to have been impaired, and bis spirits, certainly, arc as cheerful and buoy ant as ever. He has been released upon parole, the conditions of which, in general terms, sre, that he shall not, during the continuance of tlie present war, give aid or comfort to the enemies of the Washing ton Government. And this is the only satisfaction or apology ho has received for being illegally arrested whilst in the dis charge of a Altered representative trust and for bciug illegally imprisoned for a period of over six months in a Fedcral Fortress 5 For be it known, that Mr. Seward has never yet condescended to assign a single reason either for the original outrage of arresting our delegate or the subsequent outrage of his imprisonment ! And this is true, also, of the other “political prbou ers” from Maryland who have been recent ly released or who are still held in captiv ity. Arrested without legal process whilst in the faithful discharge of their legislative, municipal and police duties, thrown into prison without examination, denied the remedy which any sheep stealer could command before (he coming of the great Higher Law prophet, these men are now held in prison ut I lie serene pleasure of Mr. Seward, to bo discharged when his fancy pleases and upon such conditions as his hatred or caprice may impose I Free white men, in the peace of God and the State, arrested against law, imprisoned at the pleasure of a Secretary of State and released without explanation or inquisition for tho wrong! And Mr. Seward is not Grand Vizier and we are not living in Turkey but in the United States of Amer ce ! ’Hie real shame and pity of the whole thing, however, is, that the American peo ple themselves, tho lines! descendants of the race that bowed the bead of Strafford to tbo block, should look upon these wrongs and be patient! Should we not rather accuse ourselves than Mr. Seward ? • The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars but in ourselves that we are under ling* ™ ■i m m ■■ i i Emancipation in the District- The late action of the United States Senate, in reference to the emancipation of slaves in the District of Columbia, has opened a new era in the history of Ameri can legislation Indeed, we may add, it surpasses anything known to the history of civilisation. Despots—at least of the modern school—Lave heretofure confined themselves to a war upon the person or liberty of their subjects, and in no other iustauce of modern dte lias the right of property, vested in loyal subjects, been disturbed. And, wherefore this departure from so established and recognised prin ciple of civilisation ? Is the simple fact, that slavery is distasteful to a majority of tho members of the United States Senate, cause sufficient for the commission of so flagrant and barbaric a wrong upon the people of the District of Columbia ? Aud, have tbo Constitution and the laws, to say nothing of the plighted faith of the Gov ernment, no biudiug effect upon the men that hare sworn to support them? But, It is useless to ask questions however per tinent or pointed. The ded has been done and the men that have done the mis chief will not be likely to undo it. Nor Is there a doubt but the House of Repre sentatives will follow the example that has been .set by the Senate. The only hope, therefore, that remans to the slaveholders In the District of Columbia, is iu the veto power of the President. How far he will exercise it to prevent the consummation of this system of wholesale robbery is still in doubt, though strong hopes <e enter tained that, through this means, the mea sure will be defeated. AVo trust the Pres ident will not permit this opportunity to pass to show that ho still entertains some alight respect for justice aud some rever ence for the Constitution he has sworn to i support. I The New*. The mn-rrival f yosterdvv’s mail leaves us without news from th- war of a later date than Tuesday. Our exchange* of that dale show that gnat and decisive movements wore on hand, and, although they report nothing d finite as to the char acter of these movements or the success i that ha* thus far attended them, they still contain something that in iy be of interest to such as arc skilled in the art of guess ing. For example, we ate told that, a week or more since the Federal* made an advance from Fortreaa Monroe and occupied Great Bethel, and further, that this move ment was the precursor of a grand “on to Richmond'' advance via Yorktown. The next day we were told that a reoon noisancc, in force, had taken place from this point and that the “rtlla” were found to be very numerous in tbia region. Next follows a week’s silence when Great Bethel again figures in the press and turns np once hqure in the occupancy of the “rebels.” Now, if the Federal* oc cupied G real Bethel a week ago, with a view to a further advance in this quar ter, and a rcconnoUsancc in force was made and found the “rebels,” and still there was no fight—at least none is re ported—how is it that the Confederates now occupy the late Federal outposts?! Did the mere fight of the Confederates 1 superinduce this retrogadc step ? Or, has j the proposed attack upon Yorktown been abandoned? We are confident (hat the j latter inquiry must be negatived, for we | have been since officially informed by i Gen. Wool that Yorktown ii to be surely | and speedily captured. Of course it will j not do for us to say there has been a fight, j or even insinuate that the Federal* have been worsted, but as we know o£ no law yet enacted by which guereing is made an offence, we will be bold enough to | assert, that we rather guess there has been a fight somewhere near Fortress Monroe, the result of which may be very j readily imagined from the official silence that has succeeded it. Humors from the army of the Potomac are vague and contradictory We learn, on to-day, that the Federal* arc still on ilic advance and that the “rebels” have! been driven across the Rappahannock. ! To-morrow the news comes, that the Con federates still occnpy Manassas and Center-' villo and that the Federal* have fallen 1 back upon Alexandria and Washington, j Rumors arc in circulation that one or more I desperate engagements have taken place | near Drniusvillc and Manassas, in which the Federal* have been defeated, but; nothing corroborant of these rumors has Wen received. Of this much we arc sat isfied. So long as wo get no news from the war of a definite character, (ho Feder al* are gaining no victories, whilst it by 1 no means follows that they arc nut suffer- j ing defeat. The news from the West shows that , Island No. 10 still holds out and that no impression lias yet been made upon the works by the Federal gunboats. It is now conceded that tins pise*; cannot be reduced by Com. Foote, unless aided by a large land force, and each day, it is stated, adds to the strength of its furti ficstions and garrison. The Confederates, under Beauregard, arc still at Corinth and are estimated to number from 00.000 to 200.000. Au immense- Federal force .was within fifteen mike of this post nearly a week ago and probably ere this the great fight of the war has taken place. Price’s army is said to be about to join Beaure gard as have likewise Bragg’s, Floyd’*and Johnston’s commands, together with largo numbers of volunteers from West Tennes see and the Gulf States. The news from Fortress Monroe shows that a very large force is k ing rapidly concentrated there, with a probable view of operating against Yorktown and Nor folk. At latest accounts, the Mertimae had not made her appearance, though daily expected in the Rhodes. Gen. Hooker’s division, formerly stationed at Budd’a Ferry, in Charles County, has been attached, we learn, to Gen. Wool’s command. Late intelligence from Savannah shows that Fort Pulaski has not yet been attacked, and that it is prepared to stand a six months seige, with its present sup ply of provisions and ammunition. Noth ing further is known of Coia. Porter’s attack upon the fortifications at the mouth of the Mississippi, and we may therefore infer that ao attack has been made, at least of a formidable or success ful character. Nothing new has arrived from the Bum tfide expedition. At latest accounts, New beru was still occupied and au advance j upon Goldsboro’ was moults led. The Confederates arc reported to be in large futcc at the latter place and a stubborn re sistance is looked for. There is nothing new from Port Royal or Charleston. Ves sels, laden with arms and other contra band goods, still continue to run the block ade, upon one of which Wm. L. Yancey is said to have safely reached Now Or leans. J The Senate of the United States has ! the Mil providing for the ciotnci-, j pati.a of the slave* hi the DLtrict; of Co lumbia, l.ul the House has as yet, taken ( oo action upon it. The prevailing ini- j predion seems to be that if bj; the I loose, it will be vetoed by the Pres- j | dent. I # Since the above was written, tin? mail j has arrived, but it brings no intelligence of a very interesting character. A skir -1 mMb is reported to have taken place near j Stafford Court House, Va., between a de tachment of Sickles’ Brigade and a small' . body of Confederates, in wbieb the former ' lost a small number of men in killed, wounded and prisoners. Sickles' men, we ' learn, subsequently returned to the Mary * land side of the Potomac. Another skir ! niish is reported to have taken place oh the j Rappahannock, in which six com mission - |ed officers wens made prisoner* by the Confederates, and in which tho loss on both sides was quite considerable. Gen. Hanks’ division was baited at Woodstock and Jackson’s command is reported to be * near at hand, though no renewal jg the : Winchester fight seems to bo anticipated, i The Fcderals have made a demonstration against Yorktown and some skirmishing is reported. They claim to bo doing well, and srato that they only had nine men killed and wounded in the laic skirmish. * They also claim to have occupied Shipping ’ Point, near Yorktown, and expect to be ! entirely successful against tho Confederate , works. The Mcrrimac is still at Norfolk, though reported to be preparing to pay | j another visit to Hampton Rhodes. These ! reports are all gathered from Federal sources, and wo publish them without | comment, leaving to our rerders a free : choice to believe them or not as they may I think proper. They will at least suffice to show that the Government has done but I little a? yet towards driving the “rebels” j | out of Virginia, and have gained no mate rial advantage in the present campaign i along the line of the Potomac. - —— < >#> NEGRO EXODUS AT THE WEST. In Ohio, the farming population is as excited as Governor Harris has been rc ; ported to be in Memphis 1 Two thous ! and a d ty arc sending petitions to the Leg ; islature to prevent their ingress into the (Slate. And an Ohio farmer, in plain hut I solid style, thus writes to the Crisis, why fanners object to negro immigration : j I thought while writing to you on other j business, I would tell you sonic of the rea j sous why we think the negro should be ; prohibited from settling in Ohio. And first we believe it is a duty we owe to the , white men who are now iu the ranks of the army, fighing to maintain the Consti tution and Laws, to keep their places for j , them until they return, and not permit; 1 their places to be filled by niggers while 1 they are fighting our buttles. ! Let me illustrate : Jim Reynolds, bis | wife ami four children, were living in a , house which he rented of Mr. John Ka- ! ton. when tho war broke out. The Prcs i ident called soldiers —Mr. Eaton is a Un -1 ion nuu and has a large farm and much | j pioperty to a!'c to, and cannot enlist. Jim ' is full of patriotism and relying on Mr. I Eaton that his family ahull be taken care ! of, rmdus into the ranks of the army, for 1 what? To save the Government aud the i property of Mr. Eaton—Jim has none to | save. Put after Jim is gone, his wife j cannot procure wood, clothing, or provis j ions ; she has to leave Mr. Eaton’s house i aud move home to her poor old parents, | where by constant labor and anxiety, her ‘ heal'h fails her—children become desti tute. The war war goes ou—in thevlcin ! ity of the two contending armies society * became disorganized—the slave runs away from bis master, aud having been made to believe that Ohio is a patadisc for a nig ger, of course they came here. Yes, old black Tutu takes the advantage of the presence of the army iu which Jim Rey nolds is fighting, aud runs away from his master iu Kentucky aud comes to Mr. John Eaton aud others, aa Jim used to do. The war finally closes and*Jira receives an honorable discharge and returns to his native place. Ho finds bis wife emaciated and her constitution broken —his children ragged and beggars. He thinks, to better their condition, he will {rn to Mr. Eaton, and rent the house he eft. Mr. Katun tells him that he has rooted the bouse to black Torn, who got his liberty when be (Jim) was iu the army in Kentucky. This is a hard stroke oj Jim ; still he hopes and asks ; Mr. Eaton if those rails are made yet that they talked about before he went to the war; Jim says he has nothing to do, aud would like some flour for his family. Mr. Eaton tells him that Tom has offered to make them cheaper than the usual price and take corn, and he j let him have the job. Jim asks if he has no corn to husk, wood to chop, or of the kind foi him to do; but Mr. Eaton tells him that the limes arc hard, and himself and Tom will have !to do all his work. Jim returns tired i and hungry to his family ; the sight of his hungry children starts him out to ! make an effort for work ; the neighbors * all tell him the same story —times are j hard—they had to hire niggers bcea use i the nigger would do more work for the : same money than the white man could. Jim tells them that this is the reason that I slaveholders have niggers in the South, because they think it is cheaper than white labor. Jim starts to ee the over seer of the poor without any very exalted admiration of the results ,of the war, to far as it has affected free white labor in Ohio. The case here de lineated will be the case of thousands iu | Ohio if the prohibition of niggers is not ' attended to. i *■ - J " (W fitter for tli* Rcseon.) What is Mother? it curt. Wntr muni is that. Mother ? 'l*i war,my child- The fnrniiny’ii sun hw risen and smiled* And the summer air i* ridm and mild. T?ut a frrm is mjinr in ihe human heart, C.-dlinj l*elovcd ones frnm hrnne to depart. Put whv.i* this, Mother f For our P!.-'2. nu hoy. Traitor* deemed it a flaunting toy— . Our deoreet hone, our nride. our jor.— They buried it low on Carolina’s *nil And polluted its folds in their traitorous coil. Where i* my, Fa’her? In the war, my child- In the foremast rank, while his heart heal high, For the Union, the Flag and you and I; He ftmght with a slron? srm. brave and true. Planting at Roanoke, the Red, While and Blue! Does it to waive there, Mother? ft does, my child. And never till brave hearts sleep low in the grave Will this bright gwn’d banner cease ever to waive,

Rat in beauty triumphant to the breeze it shall flow O’e* the death-bed of treason whose doom shall be woe. Let me go to my Father — Ob no, my l*y ! Though your flashing eye and your little heart Kindle quick for the cause, we must not part; Vems will rive strength to your noble form And your heart for the dear old Flag beat warm. Your Father, my hoy, was kind and true; Should he fall, my heart must cling to yon— Your clustering curls on your childest brow— I ace your noble Father now !• Should he return, with what joy we will greet This war-worn soldier to his home *o sweet— With a kiss so warm and a tear of joy, He will meet his happy wife and loy. The mother gazed upon her child. And through Iter tears, she fondly smiled, ile pillowed his head and sweetly slept, She smiled and blessed him—still she wept. She wept for his Father, n soldier brave. Whom n traitor Vball laid low in the grave; She would not tel! him of Ins Inst death moan, flat wept und bore her grief alone. Gently she laid him in his cradle bed. And calmly wished the child were dead. And that she might follow in Heaven to meet A Father, Sou ami Mother sweet. From the London Post (•Government organ), March 18. Davis’ Message Still Canvassed. The Message of the President of the Southern Confederation i firm in spirit without being defiant, and candid without betraying apprehen.-ion for the result of the late disaster of his country. It readi ly acknowledge that for once fortune hue deserted the Southern arms; and it refers their double misfortune to the extension of the national line of defence over t*>o long a tract of country to be in keeping with the resources at the command of the Confederacy. It holds that it was impos sible for the Southern legions to le at oncu strong on the Cumberland river in Tennessee, strong on the Potomac, and strong upon the whole of their vast sea board. There is no doubt that this is but the truth. Armies on the offensive and armies ou tho defensive each have their advantages. It requires greater strength to subjugate a country than it requires to defend it; and, so far, tho petition has been in favor of the South. But, on the other hand, the attacking Power has, as far as geography will allow, its own choice of the quarter to which It shall di rect its assault; and there the advantage lies with the North. These circumstan ces explain why President Davis is still able to declare with probability that the Gulf States can never be trampled down by the enemy. and why the North has been almost invariably victorious on the seaboard. In penetrating into the far interior of the Southern Confederacy, the Northern armies would be subjected to almost every conceivable disadvantage But iu the maritime attacks made by the North against the South, the former has its choice of nearly the whole hostile sea board, from the coast of Virginia to the mouths of the Mississippi. It was need ful, therefore, fur the South to be as strong at every point upon the seaboard as the North could render itself at any one point. President Davis, however, takes no comfort ftom this reasoning; he acknowledges the fall of Roanoke Island ! to be extremely humiliating to the South. 1 Rut he looks, nevertheless, upon this I disaster and that of Fort DoncUon as | merely exceptional defeats, and speaks J only the language of encouragement und confidence. The financial side of the Southern Pres ident's picture is certainly the most cheerful. He shows that the annual ex penditure of the Southern Confederation has not exceeded 75,000,000. Mr. Davis may boast with reason that this does not amount to one-third of the annual expenditure of the Northern Government. He points out also that it is inferior to the annual value of the cotton crop But, unfortunately, the cotton crop yields no ' profits, owing to the desperate policy on ! which tho Southerners resolved at the ' outset of the war. It is quite true, how j ever, that the relation of the expenditure to the value of the cotton crop, if saleable, . has a direct bearing on the capacity of the South to defray the interest, iu years of • peace, upon the public debt that they may accumulate during the war. Mr. Davis appeals, also, to the increasing pro duction of the implements of war iu the Southern States as evidence of the increas ing capacity of the South to continue its resistance. He observes, with unques tionable truth, that, when hostilities be gan, the advantage in respect of attaina ble material of war was greatly on the side of his adversaries. The North had | nearly a monopoly of the artisans and worktop? required for warlike purposes It was, therefore, left with tin Soutl cither to make bricks without straw or U rely upon import from abroad. But lh blockade deprived them of all but ar incidental supply from other countries and the great part of the Southern army has since taken the field with equipment! of native manufacture. Mr. Davis, has, thcref ire, reason to maintain the position assert©J in his previous message, that hii countr** was becoming more aud more in dependent of the blockade, and that it wai gradually producing all that was required both for peace and for war. Nevertheless, it appears impossible thal the contest can continue very long. It is quite sufficient for one of tho two Con federacies to be unable to fight further ir order to insure its termination Whethei the South can continue hostilities for at indefinite period or not, il seems very clear tiiat the North cannot. Victoriooi in Tennessee, great prospects open be fun the mote ambitious politicians in Rostov and New York, who think they sec di these successes the fall of the South. Rui ‘public men at Washington, let them aay what they will, probably know better. They k iow that the farther they go th< more they will be extending their opera tions from the base of them; and the grea ter, also, will be the opposition they will receive. They are in a fair way to re possess the border States. Hut they see that nothing can be more different thsr reclaiming Tennessee and reclaiming the Gulf States. Tennessee, like Kentucky, has been luke-warra and divided. From their own unconlcstcd territory they have made at last something approaching to an acquisition of these two waverers. Rut in penetrating the Gulf States from Ten nessee tiicy would not only have a fai more serious opposition to encounter— they would also run the danger of Ten nessee firing against them in their rear. There is no doubt that it makes an im mense difference to the North whethei Virginia, Kentucky aud Tennessee belong to their Confederacy or to that of the •South. The impression is said to be gain ing ground in the North, also, that thi* is the utmost limit of Federal acquisitions that is possible. The recent successes, moreover, appear to have been popularly! construed iu the North as implying tho close of the war. They could only imply this on the supposition of a compromise being imminent; for they certainly do not shake the Gulf States. Tho Washington Government might now close the struggle with credit, to themselves, if thny choose, on the bilisis of the status quo, or ut any rate after a few fresh encounters should have more clearly established the extent of the territory they held. But there can not be much doubt that if they do not, tbc struggle must before long close of itself by the collapse of Northern resources and the impracticability of Northern conquest. Western Opinions of the Tax on Whiskey- There has been great excitement among whiskey dealers and speculators tho past week, owing to an amendment made to the tax bill in the llou.-o of Representa tives, taxing all distilled spirits iu store, as well as all distilled after the Ist of May. As it is wl-11 known that speculative pur chases of whiskey have been made largely and generally, the last six or eight months, on the grounds of an anticipated excise duty, and that the quntity thus pur chased ban been swelled to enormous pro portions, it can well be imagined what consternation this news produced among all who had been thus speculating. A decline of 3i4 ets. per gallon was at once established, the speculative demand ceased altogether, and Saturday ami Monday prices were nominal. Monday evening IG cts. was agreed on, and a moderate demand existed at this rate yesterday. Now, wc do not believe that taxing re trospect ively will be done, because it u contrary to what is just and fair, and the custom of the Government; but wc di thiuk that the tax on distilled spirits oughi to be 25 to 30 cts. per gallon, becausi there will be as much of it cousumcd ai 40 cts. as at 25 cts per gallon, and, if : drawback is given on foreign shipment as much distilled at one price as another This every man, conversant with the trade knows and admits. The project of taxing spirits, rectified and used in manufacture* liquor, is another mistake made in passing the tax bill. This ia duplicate taxation and is well calculated to produce an iiu | mense amount of difficulty and swindling —Cincinnati Ciice Current, March 26. oicb. At the residence of his mother, in I’a tuxvnt District, ou Monday last, WAL TKR DAVIS, iu the 271 h year of hi age. TRUSTEE'S Mil IF UND BY virtue of a Deed of Trust from J. II LLlcman aud Wife, and by authority of al j concerned, the undersigned will offer a | Public Sale at the Store of Messrs. Thom las Jk llooktr on THURSDAY, the 17th o April, j between 2 aud 3 o’clock, p. m., the faru known as | C£ (G©DIfWS ©REEK,* formerly owned by James Bean, late of Si’s county, ikeriui-il, situated upon th Sc. Mary’s rttcr, and containing 300 acm ..more or lead. Mr. H. 11. Hebb will *h<i the premise* to auy desirous of lookin; over them. Term*. —One-fouilh of the purchase inun cy to be paid on the day of sale, and th remainder in one, two aud three yean equally, with inU-r.>t from the day ol salt to be secured by the bond of the purebaM er. with* approved securities These urm ’ may be varied to suit purchaser*. Tit# ut. deistgned will al-> rcCvivo private propo sals until day of sile. JOHN W. MITCHELL. Trustee. j April lOtl, 18C2.—ts NOTICE. : TO MERCHANTS, j men | JM.XD OTHERS M i A LI. persons and I*<di**s, r rpnra’e nr po„ i i Kite, in Si. Mary’* o*wty, who arc Oy , shall ** doingany act*rshall W* in theoccnpx. ti..n of any house r place 6r any purpose for which a license is mad** necessary by t j (^ ' laws .f Maryland, arc h*reby warded i 0 oU i tain • licume or renew the sain**. on or before ! the Aral day of May mining, under the pea. ; : allies prescribed by eaid laws fur the iuf rac . i' ti**n thereof. Those intcreetcd arc notified of the (allow i 1 ing requirement* f the License f,uws , by the General Assembly of Maryland. The rates required for Traders’ Licensee , are as follows: If the amonnt of goods on hand at the pria* 1 cipal season <jf sale or expected to be kept on ! hand, does not exceed ! AIOOO the jirics of license Is sl3 Ss—if over i 1000 and not orer SI6OO 16.33 •• t 1500 ** ** 2600 13.86 •• 2500 * ** 44 4000 22.36 •• 4000 ** 44 6000 SO 35 •* COOO M M POOO 40.85 ** 8000 " “ 10000 60.35 10000 '* M 15000 65.35 - 15060 ** M 26000 80.35 20000 “ •* 30000100 35 •• 1 30000 " “ 40000 125.35 M i 40000 44 44 150 35 41 The applicant must either mke oath, as ( heretofore, before the Clerk of the Circuit Court of the county where he is engaged in business of the amount of goods kept on hand at the principal season of sale; or the oath may bs administered by a Justice of (he Peace when the person warning the license applies through an agent. If the tatter course be • dupted, the following form will be deemed a ' sufficient compliance with the act: , Saint J fury* County, to wit : j On this- -—day of —— 1862. before i the subscriber, a Justice of the Peace of the ! State of Maryland, in and fur said comity, , ■ perronally appeared and declared j that ho intends to apply for a Trader’* Li cense under the laws of the State M thcCl-rk of the Circifit Court for Saint Mary’s county, and made oath that the amount of slock of go**U generally kept on Imml by iiim (or by the concern in which he is engaged, in case it is a partm-phip) at the principal hc.iv.u of sale (or if iho applicant lias not precisely en gaged in Mi di tr/oin, 'that the amount of the ■ stork nf good.f hr cxjwcts to keep, <fv. J does nol I (or will nol) exceed $ . Sworn before = If the oath oc administered by a Jmttcc of - (ho Peace nut of the county in which the ap . plication is made, there mu*t U* attached the , certificate of thu (Jl<*rk of the Circuit Court uf the county in which the Justice resides, i The rales of license o; ft-malcs vem i g mil linery, &c., who** stock at any reason of the | year does nol or will not exceed SSOO. i $6,- j 36. If their stock dK or shall exceed SSOO, Ihe rates are the same us ihoe of Trader’s License, and the same form of application must be ul*crved. Thu Laws require all person*, proposing lo sell spiritoiis or fermented liquors, nr lager liter, in quantities not lc- lhan a pm*, tu ap ply to the Clerk of the Circuit (Jour , in per son, or make the oath be lore a Msgistrs’*, as above, stating that he desire.* a License to sell I spirituous or fermented liquors, ss Ihe iaso | may be, and the amount ol Ho* k in trade in |t l same manner as tho.o applying for Tra ! der's Licence. If the amount of :e.k does ! not <>r shall not cxo*cd j S6OO the rate is $lB 10—if over I 600 and nut over SIOOO 36 10 4 * ' 1000 14 “ 21 mo 60 10 - j 2000 44 “ 4000 75 10 ‘ 4 4UOO 44 44 6000 100 n *• Persons applying f*r O dinary Ia • in which spirituous or fermented liquors or la ger beer is to be sold in qsanlili*s less Ilian a pint must unkn application to (he (Jlcrk uf lbs Circuit C*mi f..r the comity in which they I reside, mid must also he r(‘*:oinm-*n Jed by twa ropeclahlu freeholder* in the immediate vi cinity f Ibe applicant—which any be made iu ihc following form : 7b the Clerk of the Circuit C<>vrt fur Saint if it ft County : We. the undersigned, frerh ddi-rs uf Saint Mary’s county, living iti the itnatediute vicin ity of———— . who is ab iiit In apply to 1 you for a license to Keep an ordinary at in said county, do hereby recommend b in i as a suitable person to übtaiu the license—— i May 1862. , The applicant nm*t then make oath to the Clerk, to the following rfl-ct, that he has bou ' j aiide and without intending to evade the re quirements and ihc Ads ot Assembly of this > State' regulating Ihe issues of licenses to or > ilinary keepers ami trailers, provided ami rx -1 poets to maintain six good bods with sufficient ; clothiag therefor, and three room* m**re than ( sufficient for the private uses uf said appli cant, and stabling and provender fur tive hor ses at least. In addition he shall also nuke aath to iho Clerk of the rate of rent or annua) value of ■ the bouse or place at or iu which the biuiuea* is intended to bo carried on. If Mid rent does not exceed SIOO the rate is - $25.06 —if ever . 100 and not orer S2OO 40.60 44 .206 * •* •* 300 50 60 44 800 “ •• 400 60 60 *• * 400 44 44 500 76.60 m Any person proposing to keep an oyster * house, ike., or any place other than so ordina ry fur the saie of spiritous or fermented li -1 qnurs er higer-Ucr in quantities loss tlisr. a ■ pint, shall apply to the Clerk of the Circuit ‘ Court for the county where he resides, and ' inu-t ha rccunmicndetl by two icspcclabla I froeholder* of his immediate vicinity, as a f suitable person to keep such a house. * Tlio License- in all cases, by the late Acl of Uj*- (tenoral Assembly, is S6O. r The mlh required to bo mule by appli cants for Trader*’ Licelise, ami license (• sell spiiritaoua liquors in quantities not less than s (lint, may lie made before a Justice of tlie I Peace and forwarded to and Hied with dtu Ch*rk of the Circuit Court, to whom all appli cations for Licence must tie ma le. / 1 BaJ" In addition to the abeve riles each 1 parly is required to )>ay the Clerk’s tec, mak . ing an mhhtion of m each license, if in pursuance of a recent decision by tbo , Comptroller. rj THOMAS L. DAVIS, Sh’flf j fer riaiut Muiy’s County # April 10th, 1862—6 w. ; LAWS ’ Passed by the Ucacral Assembly of , Maryland, at the Regular Hetties* Commencing 'January, 1663, Relst * | lug to Licenses* AX ACT I To amend live fifty-sixth Article of ths Ckl of Public Cism-ral La.v.% relating to Liceu-

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