Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon, April 17, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of St. Mary's Beacon dated April 17, 1862 Page 2
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saint marcs beacon LKOSABD TOWN HD., THURSO AT MORNING. FEB. 17, IM2 Collectors The CommwsHmers* Cowrt, on Tm*sday fast, appointed the fallowing gentlemen collectors of the Stale and County tax for the present year: For St. Inigoca District, K. F. Tsyrnr; Factory “ KA. Clarke; Leonard Tow* “ J. K. Aln.ll; Cbaptieo “ Jll Charlotte Hall “ John Uaniaou; Patuxent - J.W Mattingley. Oatraga in tt Inigo**’ DMriet- We have been informed that a detach ment of Federal soldiers, some fifteen hun dred in number, connected with Gen. Hook er's brigade, heretofore stationed in Chat Us county, while cn routk for Fortress Monroe, landed lasi week In the lower section of our county and greatly distinguished them selves by robbing and plundering the hen fwiu pantries of our people in that sec tion and by the commission of other acts of violence of a still more shameful and atro c ous character. We have not been iulbmi el of the name of the regiment or uctaeh meut which committed these outrages or under whore command it was acting at the lime. We have boon promised a full and impartial account of the achievements of these gallant defenders of the CuUfclilulion and Laws during their stay in St. fnignas , District, which wc expect to present to our readers in our next issue. Wo learn, with pleasure, that, during the stay of these ma rauders. the small squad of Indiana cavalry which is stationed in that district, exerted itself manfully to protect our citizens, tnd in one or two instances with signal ef fect. Wo prefer not to giro this week any pariiculara in regard to the number and character of tho outrages said to have been committed, because our iuforma tion at present is chiefly of a s**cond hand character and may be modifi ed somewhat queut accounts. Our information is sufficiently explicit, however, to justify us in naming the Rev. Father Facciarini, a venerable priest of the Roman Catholic Church, as one of the num ber whore horns was invaded and whose rights were outraged, aud in pointing outas the theatre of these outrage* the consecrated pp.nt where was first proclaimed on this continent by the Maryland Pilgrims the doctrine of civil and religious freedom. ■ ■ ■—— —— Prospects of Peace- Before another week shall have elapsed, a battle will have been fought at York town or perhaps somewhat nearer the city of Richmond which, if the Southern arms shall he victorious, will end effectually, in our judgment, the present fratricidal contest. We say. if the Southern arms shall b* victorious, because, if otherwise, the war must go on, if the North so determines, until every Southern State aud every county and every village of every South ern Stale shall be overrun and occupied by the Federal arms. Whether rightful ly or not, the Southern people, aim out to a man. regard tho present as a vindictive Abolition war, to be fallowed, if the Fed eral Government shall be successful, by the emancipation of their negroes and ths confiscation of their other property, if not by mcasnres of a still darker and harsher character. Thus understanding the ends and purposes of the war, the eoutest will be kept up by the South as long us a Southern army can maintain itself in the field, and when it can maintain itself no longer, uutil every node and measure of guerilla wsrefare has been tried and has been exhausted. A defeat to the Federal army at Yurktown, on the other band, will not only embolden and encourage the South, but the inevitable effect at the North roust be favorable to peace. There will, of course, be plenty of bluster and bravado thereafter and perhaps a skirmish nr so, but the inability of the Government to accomplish the subjugation of seven nsillluos of the Saxon race, occupying the finest country in the world fur defence and of resources equal, if not superior, tc any nation, ancient or modern, which has sought through war to vindicate its chum to liberty or national independence, will then have become so manifest and demon strable. tW even the blind will be able to tee and the torpid to fad. The utter mi- j probability of reducing the Southern peo ple. united and exasperated as they are, to a condition oTservitude, and servitude has ever been the condition of a people whip ped into loyalty, has long been evident to men of sense and substance at the North, j indeed to men both North and West who have something to be taxed, but the war or the mob spirit has thus far swept every thing before it on the road to ruin. The defeat of M’C’Udlan before Yorktown or iu fount of Richmond will have the effect of emancipating the peace sentiment in the North and West from the trsenlcot domin ion of the mob and will enable it to speak, as it has never been able to speak, since this war began. It will decide, also, wc betiere, the great European powers to an | ■ .1 ■ immediate recognition of tli* independence of the Mcodni ainl the raising of the Federal blockade. The hot, unhealthy summer months, moreover, will s>on over take the Federal army in its Southern march, and whatever the result at York towo, will necessitate the cewatioa of active hostilities on its part until the Fall, or at least fur a moot hor wire, A short breathing time like this may be produc tive of impot taut results. We believe that it will lead to a truce or an accommoda tion of some kind Wtween the parties. We are firmly convinced at least that the evil Jays of war and uisgovernment are fast passing away and that the opposing sections will soon rest from their warlike labors and be at peace. Ths Hews- The military operations of the past week show that the task of subjugation has re ally commenced in good earnest. The great army of the West has encountered the Confederates in Southern Tennessee ; and a great battle has been fought near _ Pittsburg Landing, and, if we believe the Federal version of* it. has resulted in a ! Federal triumph. No official report of it, ! however, has reached us as yet, and, when j we remember that nearly two weeks have, transpired since the fight closed. in the I absence of an offie'ml confirmation of a ! Federal victory we suppose it would be but fair to give the reporters from each , side of the question a hearing. The, Federal reporters, from the battle field, ' state that ou Sunday, the 6th inst., the: Fcderals under • Irani wire attacked by an ' overwhelming force of the enemy, and. ' after a desperate and sanguinary conflict. 1 which lasted until a late hour in the day, were driven from their camp with a heavy loss in killed, wounded and prison- j era. They also acknowledge the loss of j several field batteries and admit that the < fight for the day terminated in a Fedor- | al discomfiture. A predisposition to skulk j and other incidents not over complimen-! tary to the Ohio troops, are referred to | in the report of this day’s fight, and, but ! for the timely arrival of heavy reinforce ments under Gen. Hurl, it is admitted that the route would have been a Pali’s Bluff disaster on a larger scale. On the following morning the Confederates rc- j newed the fight at a vciy early hour and j continued it throughout the day, but, be- j ing unable to make a serious impression upon the immense hosts that had arrived under Buel, they withdrew in the even ing and retired to Corinth. The Feder al reports all agree that the Confederates fought with great valor and determination and give their officers credit for the display | of the most oon*um male generalship. The j Federal loss, in these reports, is estimated at from 7,000 to 18,000, whilst the esti mated Confederate loss ranges from 15,- 000 to 35,000, So much for the Federal report* that Lave reached us, and whether or not a Federal victory shall be inferred from their general tenor, we leave it to our readers to determine. Our city exchanges of yesterday contain what purports to be I an extract from the Richmond Whig of Friday last, and is put down in that jour nal as an official dispatch from Gen. Beau regard, which entirely changes the Fedcr-! al version of th* fight. To this dispatch. * it is stated, that the Con federates attacked the Fcderals. under Grant, on Sunday and routed them with great slaughter. At immense number of prisoners—number- 1 ing from B. (KM) to 10,000—together with j 38 pieces of artiillcry arc claimed to have i been captured and the renewal of the j fight on Monday and the subsequent ■ retiring of the Confederates to Corinth i are alluded to, as being in accordance with ; a previously arranged plan of operation. I So far from being defeated on Monday, ' Oen Beauregard speaks of tho second j day’s fight as a Cow federate success and | states that he withdrew, at the close of! the day, to hi* fortifications at Corinth without pursuit or molestation. His re port confirms the death of Gens. A. S. Johnston and W. 11. Wallace as like wise the capture of Gen. Prentiss. So much for ike Southern version of the affair, which wc likewise give to our readers free fram comment, other than! the simple injunction that it is well to remember that the report from the Richmond Whig is stamped by the offi cial imprimatur of Gen. Beauregard, whilst the Federal reports are but the productions of (he blustering repor ters of a vena), trammeled and partisan press. We may add that the best and surest barometer to be guided by. as to { the result of thiis fight, is the Now York j stock market, and, when it is known that both United States and Border State slocks Lave been gradually do-1 dining ever since the battle terminated, it is but fair to conclude that either the j Fcderals have been defeated or have least gained *o such advantage as bad been hoped tor iu this quarter. Again, if the Fcderals gained a decisive victo-, ry, why have they uot marched against, Corinth? It is admitted that this post i is the key to the Gulf States and must be reduced ere a successful advance against New Orleans can be made,— ! —— WWW' m JB 1 '”* 1 I *1 * hence. it strike* u?. bd the Confede rates been badly routed in the late fighr. it would hare been very bad general ship to have delayed, until this time, the capture of a post only one day’a march from the field of the recent con fliet. flow will Gen. Ilalleck he aide to explain this enigma ? But, we net oca sc speculation and await hie official despatch which, we presume, from the : great time consumed in its preparation, n ill be sufficiently elaborate to explain everything. For the past ten days or more we hare been anxiously awaiting news from York town Nothing of interest, however, has yet reached ns. We are told that an , immense force, under McClellan, has be seiged the fortifications there and that they are to be ultimately assaulted and taken, but when this event is to trans pire or how truly the Agents of the As sociated Press have predicted is a matter *till in doubt. The Confederates arc re ported to be in heavy force and to be very strongly intrenched in fortifications that are said to extend from the York to the James river. Humors arc i^tiisolation of Federal reverses in the skirmishing that has thus far ensued, but as nothing official bus been published it becomes our duty to doubt whether there has yet keen any considerable fighting in ihi? quarter. The cause of delay, which, it would seem to us, must prove advantageous to the Confederates, has not been made public, (hough it is hinted that Gen. McClellan is maturing a plan by which the "rebels” are to be driven from their stronghold and the new route to Richmond speedily opened. Late intelligence from Fortress Monroe shows that the Mvrriuiac has again made her appearance in the Rhodes and captur ed three vessels. She hud no encounter with the Federal fleet and seemed to be on a mission of peace, provided the Federal shipping kept itself within range of the guns at Fortress Monroe and the Rip Rapa. This it scorns they did sod she contented herself with lying off Crancy Island and occasionally throwing a shell in the direc tion of the Federal fleet which was re garded as a challenge to fight, but was, for reasons which have not been officially divulged, declined. The news from the South shows that in the late fight near Winchester, Jackson hud but 2400 men, whilst the Federal force numbered 12,000. It is claimed that the Federal* were decidedly worsted in the af fair and their loss is put down at IfiOO.— Jackson's official report shows a loss of bo killed, 200 wounded and 182 missing.— Report* from Savannah show that a plan i? or. foot to relieve Fort Pulaski and that the Confederates have 20,000 men at ami near the city. No demonstration had been made by the Fcderals, who think their force too small for offensive operations in this quarter. The Confederate force at Charleston is also reported to be large and to be active in its operations against the Federate when ever an opportunity is pre sented by which an advantage may be gained. Several Federal prisoners have been recently captured on North KdLto Island by surprise parties of Confederates and it is stated that two of the Port Royal missionaries are now prisoners in Charles ton. There is nothing new from the Florida coast or the Gulf. Com. Porter’s mor boat expedition has not been heard from since it was reported he operating at the mouth of the Mississippi, nor has the Union sentiment in Florida spread to such an extent as justify the estab lishment of a Provisional Government. Gen. Curtis' division is still in Southern Missouri and has effected nothing since the Pea Ridge fight. Price and Van Dorn are now reported to be with Beau regard which leaves Missouri under the free control of the Federal*, unless we ex cept the guerilla bauds that still wage a fierce warfare against the invaders throughout the Southern section of the State. Gen. Banks’ division is now at Wood stuck and Ucn. Jackson, with a small force, including Ashby's Cavalry, is said to be near at band. A sharp skirmish generally follows every forward movement on the pari of the Fcderals, but the im pression is that no regular fight will be made until Banks shall advance much further in the direction of Richmond. Nothing new of importance has tran spired in Congress since the passage of the District of Columbia emancipation Bill. The radical element seems now to have full control of both branches, and, since the perpetration of this outrageous fraud up on the rights of the people of the Dis trict and of Maryland, we are prepared to look for the enactment of any measure that Grecly may suggest or Seward sanction. We have seen no official an nouncement as yet of Mr. Lincoln's ac tion upon the Kmancipation Bill. It would be well enough, perhaps, fur our readers, who are very much inclined, we are sorry to know, to say what they think, to remember that Mr. Price's Trea son Bill is now in fall blast and vigor, hav ing gone into operation on the 10th instant. (Written Tor I tie } apropos OF THE HILL FOR TIIF. EMANCIPATION OF SLAVES IN THt DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. j A PetitioiTto the Hoo* i j av citis. Yot a Petitioner rcspedlWly beg* to submit, 1 ! That the RHI now depending “to free alavee M from i f wr • Lie chang’d in it* caption, so as to read, say “To wit J ••The robbing of Paul to pay Peter, hi* uctgbboi !" i With a further amendment, suggested likewise By certaiu wine “Buckeye” in labor’d j debate— “ And to make of said District Hhe slave’s 1 Paradise ;*— IJ is master to change places with Sambo from date!” Submitted with tnpes that it is not too laic. 1 [Communicated. A STEAKOE ahikal M <.*rs. Editors. —You will not be as-I ! tonished, I am sure, when you arc in , formed, that great excitement and alarm ; . huve pervaded this Ju-trict since tho an ! nouucement by advertisement of Capt. James li. Conklin, of the* Barque Babel ) Mandeb, from Cape Guardafui, of the es j cape from said Barque while lying the i harbor of Piuey Point, of an animal of the j most ferocious disposition, called the Roy- . !al Ganges Pollygrab, which had been! • captured in the jungles of Sunderb nd. • 'somewhere in the region of the Buiam

• pouter and 110 gley rivers, near the coast of Bengal; and being th<* first animal <f i that name ever captured, :he Cap’ain de- j i signed presenting it to Presi 'cut Lincoln, . : who, it was expected, would eomiui>siun ; • the Captain as embassador to the L iitd of ; Tigers to ascertain, if possible, the pedi gree of this first and only Pollygrab, and therefore the liberal reward of one hun dred dollars was offered for its recapture I and delivery to Capt. Conklin at Alex- j ; andria on board his vessel, j Of course, it was readily surmised, that : there was danger to be apprehended from , the incursions of the animal on the shores contiguous to Pincy Point barber, and it j i was not long before the Varmint was seen ; ;in the neighborhood where it was said, | | it devoured mules, dogs, sheep and chick- , jtn cocks, which had, luckily for our far-j | men, appeared in large numbers in that locality simultaneous with the savage aui- J ’ mal, to the astonishment of the citizens, j | who at once supposed they had swam the ; j river, which is only about nine miles ’ ' wide, from the Virginia shore, as, when ! an attempt was made t catch the sheep, j they were us hard to catch as the rebels ; over the way. Several negro quarters j were said to have been attacked, the in- I mates of which barely had lime to escape I to the great house, while the Varmint was ; feasting itself upon the dogs which hud given notice of its approach. The growl 'of the animal was said to be hideous in the | extreme, and tho pior darkies were forced {to bar their doors and forego their night)) walks from fear of being appropriated t> j appease the wild Varmint’s appetite. The news spread in all directions with rapidity, I and the terrible animal seemed to travel a fast as the news. Upon the same night ! his growl was heard near Hill View, sev eral soldiers were said to have been bitten near Hammett's Store, at the Cross House I several cows’ legs were mis-ing, then near ’ Kbcnezer monster tracks were secu, no* lens than a dozen dogs were eaten nightly, 'and to cap the climax, it was said, that ■in the neighborhood of Mount Pisgah, it 1 I destroyed several carriages and buggies, eating the leather tops and crushing the hubs of wheels with its jaws. Whether dogs were scarce or do poor in that neigh borhood as uot to furnish the Varmint ! with as much grease ns the wheel hubs, I am not infoimcd. One conclusion I have arrived at iu regard to this strange attack on vehicles. It relieves the owners from paying the war tax and shows the animal to have a supeiior instinct iu the way of I economy. ! Thus the Varmint went on in tho work ’of destruction nightly until the panic be came general. Darkies, who had wives a i I few miles from home, failed to visit them. t except during the day. The woods were ; deserted by run-a-way ncgroc?, who eamc i home and begged massu's paidon, saying, j the Varmint was about and they could stay no lunger. Old women kept their j doors barred up all day, and had ladders . made to the upstairs windows, having ! heard that (he animal could not climb, I ! Distressing as this picture is you may re- j ly upon it, that the whole truth is far 1 | from being told. On Monday, the 31st! I ult , the news of the capture of the Royal ■ Ganges Pollygrab, by a well-known citi zen, was received at (be Great Mills with lone universal shout of joy, and a general ; : rush was made for the residence of Capt. , 'Joshua Watts, a few miles distant, to see ' the animal, but visitors could nut be grati fied, the Captain having only succeeded iu getting the Varmint iu a dark cellar, after laboring hard without intermission since Saturday night. He was completely ex- . ' hausted, and was therefore excused from 1 reciting the particulars of the capture upon promising to exhibit the animal hereafter. I Although the fact was known, that the animal was housed, much uneasiness was ; . expressed, and many continued to rail at ■ [ the Captain’s to hear from hit own lips ' ’ that he felt confident he could be able to! secure it, through the agency of an iu- 1 tricate piece of machinery he had prepar- 1 ,ed for the purpose, which was to be placed within the outer frame of the cellar dour, so that when the door was 1 opened, iu the attempt to pass oat, it would be completely entraiueied. On the following morning. Tuesday, April Ist, all fears were dispelled. Ths ; assurances of the Captain bad been rea lised, and advertisement* were sent oat iu , all directions, informing the public that tho animal would be exhibited at the 1 Clifton Factory, between the hours of 3 ’ tjn i in -w "■ ■ly.mjwf ; and " o'clock, . m., Ml Thursday, the :nl instant. Notwithstanding the ibj o( i exhibition was so near at baud, person* foontinm-tJ to travel Wards the Captain's nwidence to g* t a peep i advance, and hr found it necessary to keep a guard at hi* outer gate to w*c them against coining nearer, until he could subdue the animal. The over curioa*. span being advised that, a the wind set towards the house, there was danger that the Varmint would get a smell of their horse*, the whip was geuer* ally quite freely applied causing some fast moving indeed. Well, Thursday at last came and when 1 arrived, about noou, crowds of persons of all classes bad already congregated and they continued to poor ta until the num ber present was said to be great* r than ever before seen iu the place. As the hours passed, the anxiety to see the ani mal seemed to increase beyond iitdurance, and when, about 2 o’clock, some waging- Seat d that they bad been hoaxed and that he tlieved that the varmiut was still at large, the dissatisfaction became very gicat, and many who bad, travelled several miles de clared it too important a matter to trifle with. The friends of (’apt. Watts denied that he was capable of such deception and searched through the crowd to find the man who dared to say so. A general muss appeared to be imminent, when the Captain made bis appearance on horse back followed by a wagon in which was a huge cage, closely covered, containing the veritable beast and a crowd of persons some distance in the rear, who declared that it had roared most hideously on the way when any one approached very near. The excitement was now beyond descrip tion. The immense throng, pro-sing aniui.d the Captain, congratulated him as the greatest public benefactor of the age, an 1 propositions were at once made and nßmtiuiuusly concurred in, to subscribe amount suttui ut to purchase a fitting tes timonial, as a token of the indomitable bravery and ingenuity displayed iu secur ing this great enemy of the community.— The Captain, in a neat sp-ech. promptly declined anything of this kind, deeming a charge of ten cents n sight amply sufficient to remunerate him for the expense incur red in maturing the machinery L*. for his capture, and, without, more ado, the cage containing the varmiut was placed in position in the spacious room famili arly known as the Court House and the competent door-keeper announced his readiness to receive (he dimes, which were handed in as fast as he could count, and soon the room was full to overflowing. The cage was then un covered and there lay stretched the fe rocious varmint, and, after repeated as surances from the Captain that the cage was secure, one after another ventured near enough to inspect the c-u-r-i-o-s-i-t-y. Of course, all manner of questions were asked and answered as to the habits of the animal, and, iu answer to an enqui ry as to hi* diet, we were informed by tin: Captain, to our astonishment, that the animal was remarkably fond of fri*d chicken or beefsteak and he was of the opinion that it would not refuse roast turkey if offered, but he hud not tried that. As to myself, the reputation of tin varmint for ferocity lost nothing after n glimpse of its eyes and 1 immediately drew buck to the outer circle, amid the ejaculations of Oh ! what eye# ! What a face I What hair I What a tail! And, what a looking beast all over! One old gentleman, who seemed to be more scrutinizing than others, cc*ir?d to have more light, as he was not satisfied av to the length of the a .lna*a tail, anoth er desired to see its feet and a third party wished to see if it had dew-claws The Captain was requested t make it stand up, when ho declared he had been three days in getting it to lay down, and, from the knowledge he bad ac quired of its disposition, he believed the saute length of time would be required to make it stand up. However, be de sired to accommodate and would make the attempt, but could not bo responsi ble for any loss uf life that might re sult in case the animal should become excited and break loose, where upon a general rush was made fur the street amid loud protestations against molesting the terrible varmiut in any manner.— Sonic few, more brave than the rest, af ter they had gotten out, in the street, declared that they were not frightened, as it was not the first Follygrab they had scon. One said the one he saw bad a bob tail, another said this was ex actly like the one he saw, except its eyea were more yalb-rcr and the spots were more bluer, but be "opposed this being a she one accounted for the difference. Hut non* dared to return to the room The Captain then appeared at the door, declar ing that the boar for closing the exhibi tion had arrived, and invited ail present to partake of a eolation which ho hud ordered at friend Jones’ store, which was cheerful ly accepted and freely enjoyed, as a final** to the exhibition of the first and only gen uine Koyal Ganges Pull} grab known to be in existence. Yours truly. B. E. H. P. S. We arc authorised to assure the public, that the reported escape of the Polly grab from Captain Watts is incor rect. It is t-tili secure in his possession, he designs exhibiting the animal at Leon ard Town, CUaptico and other public pla ce* in the county, previous to delivering her to Capt. Conklin, if the wound re ceived by him. iu a recent encounter with the Varmint, does not prove to be serious. Yours. B. E. H. Materials in Their In visible State- If a piece of silver be put into nitric acid, a clear and colorous liquid, it *is ra pidly dimolvcd and ranivbev from the sight. The solution of silver may be mix ed with water and to appearance no effect whatever is produced. Thua. in a pit of water we may dissolve and render invisi ble more than ten pounds worth of silver, lead and iron ; but every other metal caii be treated in the same way, with similar results. When charcoal is burned, when > cnndb'v are burned, when i biiri f cd, these substaneVH all di.<cip*K*ar m l be ; some invisible. In faot, every material i which is visible. can by certain treatment, i be rendered invisible. Matter which, in i one condition is perfectly opaque, and will ; not adii.il the least ray of light to p* M ' through it, will in another firm become quite transparent. The cau*e of tbi* won ; derftil effect of the condition uf mattst ig i utterly imxplainatdc. Philosophers do • not broach theories upon tlu subject, I less do they endeavor to explain it. The substances dissolved in water nr burned in i air nr* not however destroyed or lost, i By certain well known means they cm I be recovered and again be made vj-sibK- • some exactly in the a une state as th.-y were lcfore their invisibility ; others ( though m l in the same state, can be shown in their elementary condition ; and tint* it can be proved that having once exist'd, it never cease# to ewwt. although it can change condition like the caterpillar, which becomes a chrysalis, and then a gorgeous butterfly. If a pailful of the solution of silver bo ca*d into the stream, it it appar ently lost by is dispersion in the water ; but if nevertheless continues to exist. 8o when a bushel uf charcoal is burned iu a stove it disappears, iu consequence of the gas produced being mixed with the vast atmosphere; but }et tin; charcoal is still iu the air. Oa the brightest and sunniest day, when every object can be distinctly seen above the horizon, hundreds uf tons of charcoal, in an invisible condition per vade the air. Glas is a beautiful illus tration of the transparency of a compound which in truth is nothing but a mixture uf the ruet of three metals. The power of matter t chance its con ditions from solid capacity to limpid (ran*- 1 parcncy cause" some rather puzzling phe nomena. Substance increases in weight • without any apparent cause, for instance, a plant goes on increasing in weight a hundred fold for every atom that is mis sing from the earth in which it i# grow ing. Now the simple explanation of this is that the leaves uf plants have the pow er of withdrawing the invisible charcoal from the atmosphere, and restoring it to its visible state in some shape or other The lungs of aiumnls and a smokeless fur nance change matter from its risible to its invisible state. The gills of lidiei and the lean a of pbuilH rovers* this operation, ren dering invisible or gaseous matter visible. Thus the balance in nature is maintained although the continual change lias been | going on long prior to the creation of llio j extinct animals.— Pitt*r. - - —■— Tint Fa*# Svstrm.—We b-arn, with much satisfaction, that the bungling, an noying and not is-ideal pass system lias al together been abolished, so fur a* the route i from Washington to Fort Tobacco is con cerned and we presume on of iter rout, a also. Fcrsons can now pass from Wash ; ington to this place as of <>ld without the | requisite of a pass, though, slruuge to ay, , from this place to Washington requires a ! pass, as we learn upon inquiry at the pro ; per office here. This i truly te of the I wonderful affair* of the age which stagger# [us to comprehend. If it be true, and wo I I arn it is. that no passes are given al ; Washington to travel to Fort Tobacco, ; what becomes of the traveller who applies I for a pass at that city and receives fur hi# answer, “inuic required:” who passes ovr the bridge, trav-1* on till near Fort To bacco and is halted for hi* pass? lie has • none to offVr. What will h do? Wo are anxious to Icaru the whys-and-where t fores. Iu former days the white man 1 travelled without a pa**, the negro /itU a pas*; lately, however, tho white min required n pa-*, the negro none. Nuw again the white man requires no pass to leave the city, but to rnt'-r does the j negro ?—Puri TuLucru 7'inita. i I Mot burnt or Military. —Wc learn that Gen. Hooker’s Hivuiou has been re - placed by a New Jersey and a Pennsyl vania regiment, and that on the departure of Hooker’* tro-ips all the Maryland ne groes were comp*dk‘d to remain behind, no that the chance* of recovery by their wai ter* are improved. It is greatly to be hoped that the new ! tpop* sent among will not bo of surh [ negro-worshiping caste as many of those who have jiiKl left ns It really appeared ;to us that many of tho.se formerly here, both officers and men, were of that stamp I that a negro stood nine rhancet of respect . and honor to the white man’# one. and ' whilst we had such, coupled with the new Article of War, as attempted to be inter j preted in Congress a few days since, it i# ,no wonder that we had much frouble on account of the sable race. They, how i ever, are gone and it remain# to he 9c u \ whether there will he a better state of af ! fairs under the new dispensation. Wo ' arc free to confess that our faith is rather : I***# than a grain of mustard seed. —Pori i ToLnrro TV nut. THE SAINT MARY’S FEMALE I’ SEMINARY Thfst. m \rvs female semina ry in aram open for the reception f jmi • pile, under tlie charge of Mrs TRIRLE, "f j Baltimore, nMiml i*v Mr* MILLS, of tlie Mm* city, Mr*. I'RIHLR i# a native of England, Imii Lta hud eighteen year* expen . enr as * readier >rt -h* Country. Her rrter | ernes and teatinioiiiiiiM are of ite !e*i. she plays finely on the puo<>. tea< lio French ami *jenks t it thieiilly, mu] i* a thoroughly eJu ,‘ai*fl woiiom; Mr*. MILLS, —a Roman ! Catholic—is a native of Kaltininre, and *■, ! before marriage, a Mi** Magruder. Though I she ha* iiad no ex (•eneure an teacher, yet . her education lua Itteu thonlugh, her niaoner* j sre highly a(*eontpii*hed, and *he is rerngnizej hy ah who know her, a* eminently filled f'*r I her present position. They are engaged f<>r ; not less than •■•'h'een iuoilhs. an arrangement I wiuob rives tlaliility to the li'slitution. We bespeak for the ** tt<*ol, a lihersi on the part of (he people of St. Mary’s. Term* as usual. For further informal tun, apply •** Mrs. TRI RLE, Fnneqtal, or Or. Btouic, St. lingoes’ P. O. | By order of the Doattl, C. BILLINGSLV, Prrat. April 17ih , lotij-lf.

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