Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle, March 27, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle dated March 27, 1873 Page 1
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Vol. VII, No. 13. w. a. *USRISOK. B. ». HALL, TAMA COUNTY BANK, —Of— Toledo. Iowa lABBISON, HALL k WA8BE2T, BANEEES Correspondents: Keuntie Brothers, New Terk, and Third National Bank, Chicago. IDI tlRST NATIONAL BANK TAMA CLTY. IOWA. k A. HALL, Pres. 0. II. WAKBBN, Cashier. A. L. HoDQtfTON, Asst. Cashier. We refe to all of our Customers. Nsw York Correspindent, Chatham Na •ienal Bank, Chicago Correspondent, Manufacturers actional Bank. [i7 PRESERVE THE SHADOW,'ERE TUB SUBSTANCE FAD* 1 frU. MOORE, la new prepared te produce BHADOW PHOTOGRAPHS Is the mest improved style of niodtfrn art. CkU and examin* tampltt of his work SATISFACTION GUARANTEED I tALLERT OTER BROWN'S GROCERY. TOLEDO, IOWA. [3-ly IN8URANCE. TUB H9NNECTICUT MUTUAL Lils Iterance Company, Organised im 1846 JU iiM/i, $39,000,000. MrlteaJs te Feliey Holders,*M F««i- isi, for 1371, 47 per cent. W. C. RICE, Agmi. i*-r EUCKISGHAM, IOWA. LeGHind Christian Institute. la^RARI). IOWA. W A S i n i a CALAMDCK 1972 3. Taitien from $4,00 to $6,0' per term, 25 per esat. discount to soldiers' and minis ter*' children. Qood board can be had for ,00 to 3,00 per week. Rooms furnished er n.u, for those who wish to board them selves—can be bad on reasonable terms— Tor further particulars address the princi •1. 42ly BEN J. STONfcilS RESTAURANT Is where you can get A GOOD SQUARE MEAL At any hour. A large assortment of Boots and Shoes 4 il G- O E I E i»o Kept constantly on hand. IS. One door west of Berger & Yelser's drugstore, Toledo, Iowa. "3»lv TOT WANT A superior HINCIE of Wool ]«n Tarn and aomo extra heavy Flan n«U Jroin th« Gorrain Mills, then eall al the UKION STORK. DO T.» WART some new plain or flgurod Opera Flannel, hearjr VV*ter Proof, lauoy Sootcb Plaids, Merinos or oth- Y09 WANT the celebrated Whitney Beo', tor meD or boys, or wool lined Boots or netr style Alaska overslioes, Water Proot Gaiters, Kid, Calf »r any other ahoe, elbow yoer way into Hfco UNION STORE. DO too WAUT some fine *Sbitfe -of food supstantisl Clothing, some rtftfoe 'Groceries, or a lineot best Croekery, don,t buy them until yon have ex amined goods and figures** tb«UN ION STRE. DO Yob not kttolr tViat the above named goods and many others have just been newly purchased, and are of iered to the public at the very lowest price#, at the UNION STORE, To Udo Iowa, by the proprietors, ffl)C (ToIcDo ESTABLISHED 1857. 4 ,, a to no Yo* was*eome food ^*n«. Satinet, firm Cassimere, Broadcloth, Alaska Cloth, or Beaver—yon will at the UNION STUBS. BO Wieting Bro» BOOKS & STATIONERY, Miscellaneous Books, Memorandum Books, School Books, 8lank Books, Pocket Books, initial oth, Pens, Ink, Pencils, Mucilage, Ink Stands, Paper Weights. Paper Cutters, Ink Erasers, Pen Racks* Clips* Stationers' Gum, Visiting and Playing Cards, Rulers, Slates, Chalk Crayons, &c See CITY BOOK STORE, Toledo, J. M. SEARLB& CEDAR MARBLE Largest and Best In Linn or any Adjoining Copntjr. FIRST BUSINESS EOUSS BELOW IRON BRIDGE J. If. C0E, A^ent, Toledo. 1-23 1 j^all Teres commences Sept. 0,1872] Winter TS»H» Dec. 9, 1.S7 Apring Mar. 24, '73 Tall Sept. 3,1873 HOSIERY ft GLOVES, WHITE GOODS, LAUES, JVOTIOH8, TABLE POCKET* CUTLERY, Toledof Iowa. Bishop 5 81 GOLD PENS. ^Toy Books Writing Paper of various descriptions, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. NOW ON EXHIBITION A MAMMOTH STOCK For the Fall Trade! COMPRISINO DOMESTIC DRY GOODS & DRESS GOODS, IN LARGE VARIETY. READY-MADE CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS, R. P. BALDWIN, Oei'l Agen •pgiwm—i QUEENS WARE, GLASSWARE. GROCERIES make low prices, and to encourage the handling of Goods of «\\erUNwV sTORE superior manufacture, I solicit an examination from the best judges and the closest buyers. H. GALLEY. THE MEDICAL EMPORIUM of Tama County —is the place to find PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass, Putty, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Toilet Soaps, Sckeel Books, and Stationery. In fact, everything usually kept in a first class drug store. Call and examine our stock and prices. We are detemiaed not to be undersold by any Drug House in the county. Thankful for past favors, we hope by strict attention to business, to merit a liberal share of patronage in the futmre. BLA3VIL DEEDS, MORTGAGES &c, jpor Sale AT THIS OFFICE. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MARCH on vea. A NEWTHING A New Wagon. nm^v p,a0 t0 th b,#l iL 0 7 Iowa. er :,| BAXTBR. n.mits WORKS! ESS dtj BAXTSIH, DEALERS IN FOEEIE AM AMERICAN MARBLE, i SHAWLS. TOBACCO, dc., &c. Aiming to keep pace with all movements whese object is SPRINGER CO. WACOM or BUOai made iu Iowa is at the bradbrook WAGON & CARRIAGE fu 8uPP17 of WAGOfj *nd fSLG'JlhS on hand anfl .„ ,, 0I AM hand and everything In rndbrook'S liue made to order.— f0 1 r9paha Dromptly filled. None but the ••••Uaetw. BEST MATEfclAt, used, and only the BEST WORKMEN EMPLOY ]). All Work Warranted to give satisfaction. A new thing about bin Wagons is BRASS THIMBLE SKKINH which sxcell all others. All wanting Wag ons or Carriages should call upon the uu i ilersijjned before purchasing. I jNsir W \G()N and CARBIAGE PAIN'S I Nil done to order. WALTER BRADBROOK, TOLEDO. IOWA. u A BARTLBIT jE*Lsa 1* 'EATT a»4 Shelf Hardware, STOVES, TIN WAR*. BT«. All kinds of Tin work don* on short Notice IT Menu, LV S FefMrirWItH V H. T. MEUOOLD. .HNETS U I E A U O U lithe only Known Remedy for Bright*, Dto •ate, and has cured every ca*o of piab«t«« in which it has been given, Irritation of thy NeCK, of the Bladder and Inflammation of the Kidneji. Ulceration of the Kidneys and Bladder, H«t« tion of I'rino, Dii«ft»cs of th# l'»«»#tat« Gland, Stone Iu the Bladder, Gravel, Brick Dni*t PepojH, Had Muc««i9or Milky DW'harjfPs, *nd for En feebled and Delicate Constitutions of both SexM, attended with the following symptom# L®** of I'ower, Losa of Memory, Difficulty of Breath ing Weak Nerves, Wakefulness, Pain in t»# nick, Flushing of the Body, Eruption on the Face, Pallid Countenanco, Lassitude of the Syitem.etc. Used by persons In the decline or chanee of life, after confinement or Isbor pains,bed-wet Ins in children, etc. ,, In many affcctions pecnliar to ladies, the XX* tract Buc.hu Is uneqnaledby any other remtdr— As in Chlorosis or Ketention, Irregularity, Pals fulness or Suppespion of Customary Kvacuanon# Ulcerated or Schirrus state of the Uterus, LtE corrhaea or Whites, Pterility, and for all tout plaints incident to the sex. It la prescribaa extensively by the moet eminent Phyalcians Mid Midwivca for enfeebled and delicate coast!* tions of both sexes and all ages. KEABHET'S EXTRACT BTJCHTT. Cure* Ditetuet ArUing from Imprvdmm. TTabitlDurtpathm, tic.. In all their stages, at little expense, little ot no change la diet, nuln convenlence, andnoexpos'irs. It Mnses a fre quent desire, .'anfljives strength to Urinate therebyjemttftag Obrtriirtion^ Preve'|tlp^ap|I Curing "Strictures of the Uretha, Allaying and Inflammation, so frequent In this class Oi wr eases, and expelling all Poisonous matter KEABNET'S EXTRACT BVCHU. 91.00 per bottle or six bottles for 98.00. delivered to any address, secure from observation. Bold by dnigglsta everywhere, ri psred by KEABNEt tt CO., 104 Unane 8t..N. T. to whom all letters for information should be addressed. Avoid Quacks and I poet era. No Charge for Adviceand Consulatlon. Dr. J. H. Vyolt, Graduate Jtftrton Mtdical CoUtgty Philadelphia, anth rof several valuable works, can be conaulted on all diseases of tns Sexual or Urinary Organs, (which he has made an enpeclal study) either In niale or female, no matter from what cause originating or of how long standing. A practice of 80 years enablee hlsato treat dleeaae with »ncce«s. Cures guar anteed. Charges reasonable. Those at a dis tance eaa forward letter describing symptoms and enclosing sump to prepay Pg«u6* .Send for the Ouidt to Tlialtk. Price 10 CsuU. 'j. B. DTOTT,X.D., Physldmsiid SnrgWfc 194 Dneae St. NewYoA. i W .. .11 "c ,u ^fate ||otriIo ^hronicle. Is publiafod every Thursday moraine bt Warskx MAHXA*. If paid ttrictly in advance the subscription prtcs of the Cnao.Htci.Bj will be $1.75 a year otherwise It will be J2.00, anil no subscription will be allowed to rua over two years unpaid. Office on High Stmt, East of Tana Coun ty Bank. Cash Sates of Advertising. 1 Inch, 1 week 1 Inch, I month 1 Inch, 0 months. 1 Inch, 1 year Legal advertising, at legal rates. For the use of large cuts and woed type an additional charge. *arjing from 10 to 20 per cent., will be made. Prompt KetU-ments will be expected with al, timt'-adveriisers, at the close of each calender quarter. Transient advertise ments must be paid for in advance Teaching Public School. th Lightjr little urchin* Coming th-ougli the door, Pushing, ctowdiag, malting A tremendous roar. WI17 dou't jreu keepqaiet? Can't you mind the rule? Bless me, this is pleasaet Keeping public school. Eighty little pilgrims On the voad te fame I If they fail to reach it, Who will be to blame High and lowly stations, Birds of every feather. On a comiaon level, Here are brought tegetin*. Dirty little facet, Loving little htgft*, Eyes brim-full of mlscliicf, Skilled in all the arts. that s a presist.s darlingt Whst are you about "May I piss the water "I'lease, may I g« out Boots andshccs are shulHing, Slaves an'l books are i^ttliag, And in the comer yonder Others cutting didoes, What a botheration No wonder we grow crusty From su associations. Aaxieus parent drops in, Merely to inquire Why his olive branches, Do net boot up higher. Says he wants his children To mind their p's and q's And hopes their brilliant 27, 187a I .80 2.00 4.00 Column. 1 year Column, 1-year 22.40 i Co umn, 1 year 28.80 I Column, 1 year 41 4(j 1 Column, 1 year 80.00 taleat Will net be abused. Spslling, reading, writing, Petting «p the young ones, Fanning, scolding, fighting, Spurring on the dumb ones. Gymnasts, focal music, How the hearts rejoice Wliea the singer eomes, To culiivate the voios. Institute attending, Making our reports. Giving object lessons, Class drills of all sorts Reading dissertations, Fseling like a fool— 0, the untold blessing Of keeping public school. Seasonable Talk with Teachers. Before many weeks the district schools will huve opened a^ain for the summer term. The children will gather once more to resume the in variable round of reading, writing, geography and arithmetic. It is the same eld story, term a Iter term and year alter year and it is no wotKlur that even bright hoys and girls seme times find it a dull routine. Eope ially is it so when the suheoi ma'am simply 'keeps' school and "hears Us sunn" without teaching at all. Not that the keeping and the lesson hear ing are not a part of the teaoher'e duty but we Mean to imply that iliey do not constitute the whole ot it,—that both these things combined do not make the teacher. When we coesiiler how much time is devoted to the two staple studied, arithmetic and geography, and yet how poor a training and outfit in them is actually burnished in mest schools, we are disposed to inquire it a better use cannot be made of a portion, at least, of the time usually assigned te them. It is just possible thai geegraphy is introduced too soan—tbat is, geography as general ly first presented, iu a text-boek and also that the processes of logi cfil arithmetic—ciphering and the rest—find place at too early a point in the educational aourse. Certain ly tho average outcome seems slight, when we consider at what an outlay of time and labor it has been pro duced. It is safe to say that both these branches could be deferred lor two years, anil grammer for a still longer period, and yet (he pupils be furnished, at the age ot fifteeu, with a fuller and more scientific and more usable knowledge ot all threo than they now possess. The poyorty of results accruing from our schools, a& now managed, i» due partly to falss and unproductive methods of 111 struetion, but partly also to the fact that the fit timo for beginning these studies ia unwisely anticipated.— W earinesB and disgust are the too frequent results of the effort to torcc the inlaat mind. Unable to grasp tliH subjects pretented, getting but empty words iu place ot ideas, fail ing to get tbiough the husk to the kernel it conceives an indifference or an aversion to the uncompreheud ed science that seldom, often never, wears wholly away. Hut what does the ordinary grad uate ot the publio school—say at I fifteen years—know cf the worl.1 in which he finds hituaeU":1 H«, skilled he is iu the ''three Il's," every I body can tastifiy. IU finds himself surrounded with countless objects of sight and touch, with most of whicl C. 10 12.Ho Ift* has but the slenderest acquaint ance, The curiosity that was so quick and realties at the aije of live, is now languid, listless, alt but dead, repressed by the artilicial drill ot the scliool-rooin. Jlufore the echool seized upon him was ever 011 the alert all eye, all ear experimenting with touch and ta«to by actual trial solving his own questions so far as he was able and pu/.ilinpj his elders by his incessant What ami How. Ho was working ont his own edu cation hour by hour, getting a wider knowledge ot thinjs, and by contact with things constantly developing and strengthening his powers. What knowledge lie gained wa* lirat-hand it was his own. It was re.il know ledge that is, knowledge of realities and no mere tay so of book or tea cher. He undersood as far as he Went, and went just as fast as he un derstood. 11m parents may have thought he was wasting his time but he was learning faster and more thoroughly—we are sure of it—than after lie oarne under the band of the professor ot A C. Under the eui dance of his tiv«i senses, he learned facts or if he did uot, he was iu the way of coiTtcting all his At school he errors.— ol signs and symbols, whose use and meaning were but dimly perceived. He erased gradu ally to learn from things, and came tflnorennd more to trust, to books.— The sun rose in the east, for the book said so.'' In an arithmetical compulation he multiplied or divid •d, because 'the rule said so.' It he wished to know how many bones 'TIGS ny nai,'rie lootfeu ill a OOOK to ceo. He had become tho slave ot the book. lie had ceased, in a great measure, to use his own eyes and his own judgment, and had come to mistake words for things, and sen teaces tor traths. I11 the school room his solf relianoe, his mental in dependence, dwindled away and his knowledge—and so his power— *2* conditioned on what he could re member his lessons and rules. This representation »aay seem un &ir and one-sided. Wo could wish there were no grounds for it. We know there is a general movement 111 the educational world toward better Methods, methods in conformity with the natare both ot the child and ot things—methods that are designated tOKiimulate and guide the native cur iosity of the live, irrepressible, often puzzling and unanswerable, little in terrogation point. But wo know, too, that this change is working but •lowly in tho cchools of many sec tions of tho country,—that the old ruts are deep and hard to leave that |he old ft aditions havo a firm ami ten •oious grip on all, or nearly all.our priniary school teachers. They may not be satisfied with the waya they follow, but they know, and ao can employ, no other. Should they leave the beaten path, they would be utterly at sea. Besides, new ways would require thought and study.— Butter methods mi*ht necessitate some work on their part. This con sideration, .however, will stumble only those who ought never to have thought ot school work—n»t the true teacher, her who ia called'' tj this high othoe. To such one we have a suggestion to make. By the tunc your sehool opens, spring will havo come in good earn est. The earth will be covered wi'h plants and flowers tho air be tull of birds and insects. Why not take up soma department of Natural His tory You may not be versed in any branch ot it, and so hesitate to make the attempt. Never mind oau you not learn? Do you uot Know at least as much about it as tho ten year-olds, and can you uot learn aa fast as they Suppose yoa choose Botany,—ou the whole, perhaps, the best branch tor the experiment you would make. No matlor it you can not tell a stamen frotnan axil, an ane mono from a pitcher plaut. We may learn by teaching, you know. Get a copy ot Miss YoumanB' iirst-Book on Botany [D. Appleton Jc Co., N. Y.,] a system of object lessons, the most suggestive aud helpful book for be giuner (say pupils from six to ten year# old) that we havo ynt seen.— llead her very sensible prefaoe and suggestions to teachers examine the uumeroua illustrations and acoom pany ing schedules nolo bow gradu ally auJ with what orderly sequence she developes tho ol insnts ot tho science, without confusion, or mixing ot vetetable physiology see how in the examination of leaf, stem, flower and root successively, she oxerciaea ami trains the powara of observa tion, so alert at this age, but whiah Whole No., 325 the old method neglects and then ask yourself il you cannot work so simple, so practical a scheme. Wo make no questions that your pupil* would rejoice in it, that your own enthusiasm would be kindled by it and that the plant lesson would bo among tho most useful, at they would be sure to be the most de lightful of the whole term. Oar reasons for giving this adviou we cannot etato here, but happily there is little need, tor you will find a capital discussion of the whole mat ter in an essay at tht end of tha book, which we wish every teacher might read, mark, and inwardly di gest. This essay alone is worth the price of the book. By the time tha eiimmer school of 1873 opens, wo hope the author will havo tho second book ready, so ih»t you and your classes may 011 un»er her dirco- tion. Meanwhile, without waiting for that, get Prof, (iray's little rol ume How Plants Grow ami IT»w Plant* Behtce, and prepare yourself to an swer the thousand questions which •oar children will ask you day by lay. It, faithfully following tins ad vice, you fail of success, wo heraby engage to buy again 4 of you, at tho end ot the huminsr term, your «?op ies of Prot. Gray's and Miss You mans' books, and pay ftiP price them for.—Educational Mtnthty. The Darwinian Theory Anti cipated- The 'development theory' |ic nttt6b older than Darwin. M. Litvouc, -a Frenchman, brings before tho publio a queer monogram written two years before Plymouth rock was pressed with Pilgrim feet, which announces and asserts tbat man developed from tho ape, but explains the cause and delineates the process ot deYcl opment. Tho curious document nar rates a dialogue between St. Dom inick, Canon ot Osma, in 1812, and a fiaa (pulev). It seems that the latter had tried to draw blood from tho Saint s nose, but ihero was none there and he tumbled discomfited and exliiiated upon the book tho holy man was reading. Tho saint at once slammed it together, expecting to make an end of the annoying in truder, but, instead of that, Pule* entered into conversation with tha canon. He claimed to be the father ot fleas, and that his tato would bo shared with all the fleas. At first the canon was skeptical, aud then ho Kr)-oAa-.W*. ,*0-.- V.--UV. But the little prisoner assured him that without fleas man would gradu ally return to 'the babon state at Ins original barbarism." Like hia spiritual children ot a later day. Do niimck was horrified at tho idea that man was ever a monkey, but only tor the fleas,' insisted Pulex, 'man would be a monkey still, and 4 with­ out us man would relapse oncft mora 'into monkeydom.' He professed to have leai nod all about the genesis ot man from "the records ot the Dead sea apes." The dialogue which en sued deserves reading at this remote day as a curious bit of nonseni«, foreshadowing tho bolemn deduc tions ot Darwin Pul—Tho fleas though carnivorous are not ungrateful, like tho lyonc.— They cultivate tho soil that feeds them Therefore one tribe which is indigenous to the apec, never bite like the vampyers, without yain but always take care that itching should follow their punctilio. Dom—Thou fool 1 Cat I est thou that benefitting the race of apeaf Pul—Of course, for thoa tho a|M» must scratch. Dora.—Wha', then, but to irritata their tempers and bring them all tha nearer to perdition Pul.—No, but to mako them amia ble by making them sociablo. For they found that when two or three were gathered together scratching prooeeded more expeditiously, and two or threo could not bo gathered together, nor associate upon terms without some ol those mutual for. bearances and self repressions which arc summed up under the term am iability. Dom.—Granted. But nona tha less monkeys they, for all thoir grin ning antl chattering. Pul,-Aye, but with tho ninltlpli cation of the means of scratching came a loss ot hair. Dom.—So tho poor apca must shiver in tho nigbt wini to aoeotn modate the ravenous fleas. Pul.—No- but tho loss of hair constrained tha apes to cast about lor shelter, and made them build hutt. Dom.—Is there mora of thia para dox, Pulex? I'nl—There aro none. Tho apes had to go abroad from their huta in pursuit of food. The cense ot cold constrained them to acck clothing.— To obtained clothing it was accoessa rv to have the skina of animals. Bat tho pursuit of animals oould n*t bo stiocossfttlly carried on without weap ons tho slaughter of animals tended toward fiesh-eating ao came war, tribal uniona, government, taxes, oiv ilszation—all the result of a flea-bite! So that man may "bo asid to ba Mia final cause of fl"as. The Island ot Barbadoea is more thickly settled than China, with her 300,000,000. With a superficial area ot only about 160 square miles, with out any large towus, without manu factures ot any description, a purely agricultural oolony, she actually sup ports a population of 180,000 souls, or over IjOSt to the square mile.

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