mvmmr. 1 S i Mm Vol. VII, No. 18. TAMA COUNTY BANK. —or— o e o Iowa. KA1BZS0V, BALL WABREN, BAKZEBS Correspondents: Kenntse Urol ben, New fork and Third National Bank, Chieago. FIRST NATIONAL BANK TAMA CITY. IOWA A HAU, Pres. O. rf. WAI*bn, Casaler A. L. IIOUOHTO*, Asst. Cnshi«r. MT Wo rofo to all of rfur Customers. Nov York Corrssp indent, Chatham Na tieoal Bank, Chisago Correspondent, Manufacturers National fNiktl. [l7 *PR1SKRVK THE SHADOW, ERE THE fofeSTANCE PADK!" is now prepared to produce SHADOW PHOTOGRAPHS la the most improved style of modern art. Call and examine tamplet of hit work— -SATISFACTION GUARANTEED! OALLERY OVER BROWN'S GROCERY. LOLLFCDO, IO'VA. [3-1/ ih'SURAlfCE. WM. H. HARRISON, general Insurance Agent Toledo, Iowa. Represents the CHARTER OAK LIFE INSURANCE CO., OF HARTFORD. JLSSETSS510.000.000 td the following reliable Fire luaarar.ee Companies AFFTHA, of Harifovd, assets $6,000,000 )(fUB, of New York, assets OFflCE— In Tama County linnk. 5-3 TUB CONNECTICUT MUTUAL Life Insurance Company, Org &it«d ia 184© Xti Asselt 1. M. 8EARLE8. 6.000,00" iSrtforil of HaittorH, a set* 2,7J 0.000 Phoenix, of llaiitcrd, assets 1,78o,tMit* Bpeeinl attention will be given to insuring JH'hl LINGS. HAI.NS and •gainst FIRE and LIGHTNING, i«r a peri odofOue, Three and Five jmt«. and at as tap rmUe at on* tan ponibly gktt. any *89,000,000. PlvlJeaJ* I* Folicy Holders. on km, f»r 1871,47 por cent. Premi. V*. N. C. RICE, Agmt. II* BUCKINGHAM, 10# A. A NEW THING. A New Wagon The place to get the best WAGON or BUGGYnade iu Iowa it at the BRADBROO* WAGON & CARRIAGE Wher* is kept a full supply of WAGONS and BUGGIES on hand and everything ia Walter Bradbrook's line made to order.— All orders for repairs or construction promptly filled. None but the BEST MATERIAL 'Used, and only the BEST WORKMEN EMPLOYED. AH Work Warranted to give satisfaction. nsw Aing about liU Wagon9 is th BRASS THIMBLE SKEINS, which eacell all others. All wanting Wag M« or Carriages should call upon the ua ferslgned before purchasing. Wagon and CARRIAGE PAINT ItiO done to order. WALTER BRADBROOK, TOLEDO. IOWA. BLAKKS.-rBLANK DKEDS, MORTGA flR&, (Joi't Claims and Justicc'4 Blank ti the CueoxicLK OflUse, (The Solera established in*,?. J. W. BOOKS & STATIONERY, Miscellneous Books, Memorandum Books, CUE, Agrcnt, Toledo. Toledo, Iowa. School Books, Blank Books, Pocket Books, GOLD PENS* Toy Books. Writing Paper of various descriptions, INITIAL NOTEI, Ecsus, Ink, Pencils, Mucilage, Ink Stands, Paper Weights, Paper Cutters, Ink Erasers, Pen llacks, Clrps, Stationers' Gum, Visiting and Playing Cards, Rulers, Slat* s, Chalk Crayons, &c., &c. CITY BOOK STORE, Toledo, Iowa, nm vii RAPIDS A E W O K S SESARIJBS db BAXTER, DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN MARBLE, largest and Best in Liim OP any Adjoining County. IRST BUSINESS HOUSi] BELOW IRON BRIDGE REMOVED! Is Xow Established iu tiie NEW BRICK BLOCK, And has already filled up with new staple and fancy "DRY GOODS, Foreign and Domestic Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing, Carpetings and Oil Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Corsets, White Goods, Laces. Shawls, Silk and Cotton 'J'hreads, Notions, llats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Wall Paper, Window Paper, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Scissors, Queensware, Lamps. A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES, Including Tea, Coffee, /Sugar, Syrup, Dried Fruit, dbc. Adhering strictly to fair, legitimate dealing, and holding out rare inducements, I expect to merit a large trade. II. GALLEY. Toledo, April 10th, 1873. THE MEDICAL EMPORIUM of Tama County —is the place to find— PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass, Putty, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Toilet Soaps, School Books, and Stationery. In fact, everything usually kept in a first class drug store. Call and examine our stock and prices. We are determined not to be undersold by any Drug House in the county. Thankful for past'favors, we hope by strict attention to business, to merit a liberal share of patronage in the future. mi. 1 BL.ANBL Bishop 6 ni J. 0. BAXTER. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 3-28 E. F. BALDWIN, Gcn'l Agn fc PR INGE 11 & CO. DEEDS, MORTGAGES &c. For (Sal© AT THIS OFFICE. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1873. ie 3$t!tiU ^hronirlt« Is published every Thursday morning by WABRSN IUMII. ttrirtly advance If paid in Office on High Street, East of Tama Coun ty Bank. Cash Bates of Advertising, 1 1 week. I Incli, 1 month 1 Inch, 0 months 1 Inch* 1 year Column. 1 year 1... Column, I year Column, 1 year.....-.'. Column, 1 year I Column, 1 year $ .80 2.00 4.00 0.10 12.80 22.40 28.80 41.40 80.00 L»gal advertising, at legal rates. For thy use of large cuts and wood type an additional charge, varying from 10 to 20 percent., will be made. Prompt settlements will be expected with all time-advertisers, at the close of each calender quarter. Transient advertise nsents must be paid for in advance. The First Violets. BF SIE S. BL'LWBR LYTTOX. Who that has loved knows not the tender tale, Which flowe-s reveal when lips are eoy to (ell? Whose youth has paused Bet, dreaming in the vale, Where the rath violets dwell Lo, Where they shrink along the lonely brake, Under the lifeless, melancho'y tree, Nor yet the cuckoo sings, nor glides the snake* Nor wild thyme lores UM fees. Vet at their sight, and scent entranced and thrilled, All June seems goUen in the April skies How sweet the days we yearn fur, till ful filled O distant Paradise! Dear Innd to which D.'sire forever flees, Tifle doth no Present to the grasp allow Say, in the fixed external shall we seiso At last the fleeting Now Dream net of days to come, of that unknown Whither hope wanders (mate without a clue Otr. AM* ivu* wit^,#T A. A. ,r thine own Youth in their youth renew. Avarice I remember wheu the cowslip's gold Lured and yet lost its glitter in the grasp Do thy boards glad thee tnoie than those of old? Those withered in thy clasp. From tfaese the hand falls palsied—it was then That thou wert rich thy coffcr* aro a lie Alas, poor fcol I joy is the wealth of men, And tA¥e their poverty. Come, foiled Ambition I what Last tkeu de sired? Empire Mid tower 7 0 wanderer, tempest t: ssed I These eaco were thine, when life's gay spring inspired Thy soul with glories lost. Let the flower charm thee to the jeound prime, When o'er the stars wiapt fancy traced the chat Thou hadst an angel's power in that blest time— Thy realm a human heart I Hark! hark again the treid of bashfu feet Bark! the boughs rustling round the tryst ing plaet! Let air again with one dear breath be sweet, Earth fair with one dear face. Brief-lived first flower, first love the hours steal on, To prank the world in summer's pomp or hue But wiuit shall flaunt beneath a fierser sun Worth what ws lose in you On by a Sower, a leaf in some loved book We mark the lines whic'a charmed us most. We trace jky lif«, recall its loveliest passage look, Dead violbts mark the place! We are nil amazed at the fraud which the Credit Mobilier perpetrates on the nation for $27,000,000. But is fraud less heinous that pays less wage»? Is that Iraud only mon strous which pays well Every gro cer who mixes sand with his sugar, Every milkman who waters his milk, every mechanic who puts ill-made mor'ar in tho walls, every manufac tnrer, who makes his cotton fabric thick and heavy by rolling it tn siarch every farmer who puts good hay on the outfi'le of the bale and thisties inside. Every minister who preach es dogmas that he does not believe, |or tho sako of l.is place, or the per petuity of his church, every editor who sanctions falshood to defend his party, or maintain or enhance his subscription lint, is guilty of the vine tho exposure of which has justly brought duyraoa on meu whom the nation aloretimo delighted to feooor. Chrittian Wetkbj. H. B. Claflin's views of the Financial and Commercial Situation of the Country. The editor of the New York pend*nt the subscription price of the CiiaowcLB will be $1.75 a year otherwise It will be $2.00, and no subscription will be allowed to run over two years unpaid. I merchant of wide experience and practical knowledge, of the wants of the country. Without indorsing Mr. C.'s idea of increasing the volume of currency, we present his views below as published in tho Indeptndmt, A.—They have not paid as prompt ly as usual. Q.—Is the jobbing trade of New York as large in the average this spring as in 1872 A.—The trade of New Tork is much smaller thau usual at this sea son of the year. Q.—Does the high price gold change ike price of goods A.—No material change has occur
red thus far. Q-— IIow do* manufacturers of domestic goods aeein to feel in view of the present financial condition of the country? A.—They manifest ft good deal of naeasim ss. Is the market overstocked with goods A.—I should think not, S8 ft gen eral thing. —Arc many foreign goods now sold nt auction A.—The sales, I should say were l«tl gC. —f)o you think there is at pres ent bank circulation sufficient to transact all the business of the coun try? —I should say not, considering the great and rapidly increasing bus inesfl. Q.—What, ia yotsr opinion should tho government do to promote the prosperity and best interests of the people A.—It should lend its aid to reliovo the money market, in a time of ex traordinary pressure. Particularly it the pressure occurs in the early part of any business season. Q.—Do you think the price of gold will go higher A.—I cannot answer that question. Speculations coutrol all our gold outside of the sub treasury. Q.—Is tho country, in yoar jttdg aaent, in a sound condition A.—I think it is. Q.—Do you fear a panic if money continues tight as at present A.—I do, most certainly. Q,—Are the merchants of tha Country, as a class, very rauoh ex* tended A.—Not to a very dangerous ex tent, I think. Q.—Do you regard the banks as sound, and entirely beyond tho reach of danger A.—I do, most certainly. I appre hend no special dauger from thai quarter. Q—Are tho railroads of the coun try, in which hundreds of millions of dollars are invested, doing a prosper ous business A.—I think they are, as ft whole, doing a prosperous business Q.—Do you believo the business men (merchants) of New York sre now, as a whole, making meney. A.—I do not am very clear that they do not. They have not, as a class, beer, making anything since the light money market and contraction commenced last fall. Cljronidc, Info- has interviewed Mr. Claflin, a country Answer—Money is vory tight in deed in every section. Q.—In consequence of the severe pressure here and elsewhere, are the country merchants more cautious than usual in buying goods A.—They are inuuh more careful and conservative than usual. Q.—Have the merchants that far paid up promptly amply secure without the reserve bill holders cannot suffer. Q.—Whst are your views in re gard to the matter of free banking, fo-«saHel. A.-—I fully believe in free banking. It is tho true principle, and we must come to it. Q—Mr. Claflin, will yoa tell me why we oannot in some way proper ly control the finances of the country and keep them more steady, as they do in England be lieving th«y will be read with in terest Question—Will you give me the facts, so far as your knowledge ex tends in regard to the money market in different scctious of the A.—Well, it would be very easy to do this if we had the disposition. Just look at it. The whole business world is startled when the Bsnk of England advances its rate of interest half per centum por annum, or trom four to four and a halt. And yet, the rates for money in this country may advance from seven per oent. to three hundre 1 per cent., and no one moves a hair, and nothing is done by the government. This ia very di* couraging to business men. These speculators are usurers, who lock up millions of currency, paralysing and jeopardizing overy business interest in the country and the government itsulf should be taught that they can play that game with safety. Tho government has the power to do this, and it should promptly exercise it, in my opinion, in ever? emergen cy. We cannot cxpect stability and prosperity, so long as onr affairs are managed as they have been sinco last tall, when th« Government, at just tho wrong moment, eommenccd to call in the currency. U did not need the money, the call was most un ti rely and unwise, and the internal and other revenues of thn govern ment have been millions loss in con sequence, From thaf day to the present, the merchants of New York as a whole, have made no money, and they will not until a different policy is pursued. The April Snow-Storm In the West. Fearful Destruction of Q.—Wbat aro tlio prospects in re-! tlia storm, and Mrs. Burnett and specl to the summer and fall trade? A.—They are not at all promising at present but on an easier money market things might at onco look better. —Are many failure* oacurriag in the country A.—Considerable many in the ag gregate. Q.—Do you think our National Banks should be required to keep a reserve of 25 per isent. to secure their c'rctilation A.—I do not. "their circulation is Life Properly THE STORM IN.NEBRASKA. LINCOLN, .Neb April 21.—A train on tho Burlington fc Missouri rai' road came in this morning, the first for a week. The reports of the late storm show it to hsve been one of the severest ever known. Men wore frozen to death within two rods of their houses while trying to get to their slock to feed them. Near Grafion a man namod Keeler at tempted to reach a neighbor scarcely halt a milo away, accompanied by his wile and child, and the two lat ter were IrDzen to death. Mr, Mir uliall, near Hastings, perished while tryiug to reach his stock from the house. The wife and child of Mr. Bent, near Red Cloud, were frozen while attempting to reach a neigh bor's house, their own being render ed uninhabitable. Their boJiea were found on Friday, ten rods lroin the house. Farailes wero compelled to take refuge in cellars or keep their bods for three days. Tho destruc tion of horses was great, some losing all they had. One party lost his whole herd of 75 head. Tho gullies of the railways were filled with suow as hard AS ioo. Sftow-plows wero useless. TIRRINLS SUrFNRINfl. St. JOSBPII, Mo., April 21.—Much anxiety has been felt here for the wel fare of tbe citizens on the borders, 300 miles west of here, daring the late Btorm. We have had no com munication with them uulii to day, when we learn of their terrible snf soring and loss of life unparalleled in history. For three days the people did not dare to leave their housos, aud they became terrified at having to stay in them, as many were blown down. On the Saturday night be foro the storm the house oi a man named Crain, near Belleville, was burned down, and tbe family wenl to the house of Mr. Burnett, a neigh bor, for shelter. On Sunday-night I Burnett's house was blown down by lour children, and Mrs Crain and two children, porished. Burnett sur vived and escaped to shelter with one of Mrs. ('rain's children. Mr. Crain was in Atchinson, and did not know of the fearful oatastropho un til yesterday. The office of the Stminel at Cawker was blown down. Four persons wero brought into that place dead and many others are supposed lo have died from exposuro in that region. At Bellevillo ft mill and daguor* Whole No., 330 rean gallery were blown down, and tho store of Chapmand Brother, a large building, 40x60 feet, two stories high, was badly damaged. At New Scandinavia, the roof of a stone stable was blown into a mail ooach, which was crushed, as also one rf the stone walls ot the stable. A large flouring mill was carried bodily two or three feet from its foundation. The engine house was completely blown away. The fer ry boat across the Republican river was sunk. Three dead bodies wero brought into the placo Wednesday, Mr. Morgan says that for two days one could not reach the hitching post in front of tbe hotel where ho was stopping, the snow was so thick, and that men who lived in the town and happened to be at the hotel when the storm came ap, could not get homo, although several aitempta were made. Tho town is supplied with water froui a cistern iu the pub lio square, and whenever a lull oc curred in tho storm, men coutd bo seen approaching it from all direo* tions to procure water, but oonld only get back to their boases with ft cup full. Water waa obtained by melting snow. Stock was not fed or watered for three days, and in somo iustances, where the snow had drifted against the stables, the stock had not been reached up to Thurs day. The loss ot stook which was not sheltered, it is estimated, wtU reach one half of all in that section. Those who have lived in that country for years say they never saw its equal. The worst is that half has not yet been revealed. Judge Love made an important ruling in a bankrupt oaso decided his court last Wednesday. Former ly the United States District Court did not have the same jurisdiction over non resident defendants as tho State courts, bnt the act of Congress of 1872 gave it a like jurisdiction, whereby non-resident dsfendsotft could be summoned to appear bf Judge Love in his ruliug put the pro visions oi this oongresiional act in force for tho first lime in this State, and it will be an important prece dent in the future. Wit and Wisdom. Coleridge said that toleration ww impossible till indifference made it worthless. Without earnest convictions, no great or sound literature is conceiva ble.—Lowell. Talent is that wbMi k in ft man's power genius is that in whoso pow er a man ia. He that livos iu fear of death ev ery moment feels its tortures. (I will die but onco.—Juliiu Caetar. He who is only in good health, a|)ft is willing to work has nothing to foftT in this world.—Inning. Voltaire declare] that the fate of a nation had often depended on tbo good or bad digestiou of a prime minister. You will find this a good guage, or oritenon ot genius, whether it pro* greases or revolves, or ouly spins up on itself-—Coleridge. Holmes disposes of tho bigot i| once when he compares his mind it the pupil ot the eyo, the more light you let in, the more it contracts." Influence, good or bad, comes not from the opinions a man possesses, but from the oharacter bo has formed and tbo life he leads. Intelleot in a weak body is Hko gold in a spent swimmer's pookot— the richer be would be under other circumstances, by so muoh the great er bis danger now. Voltaire once praised another wri ter very heartily to a third person. It is vory strange, was the reply, that you speak so well oi him, for he says you area charlatan. Oh, replied Vol taire, I think it very likely that hetli ot us are mistaken. When George Wither, the Puritan poet was taken prisoner by the Cav aliers, there was a general disposition displayed to hang him at once but Sir John Denliam saved his lifo by saying to Charles I: I hope yoar majesty will not hang poor Georgo Wither, for as long as he lives ii cau not be said that I am the worst poet in Khgland. A horse owned by Charles Cutlet ot Kalamanr.oo, Mich., died roce«l|jr at the age oi thirty-three years.