Vol VII, No. 19. V. •. BAKKiaon. HALL, O.H. WAftREll TAMA COUNTY BANK, ——OF—- jToledV/, 7 Ibwa. B1BB180N, BALL k WABBEN, BANSZBS Correspondents: Keuntxe Brothers, Mew fork, and Third National Bank, Chicago. FIB81 NATIONAL BANE TAMA CITY. IOWA b. A. HALL, Pre*. G. H. WARRK*, A. L. Casaier HOUGHTON, Aaat. Cashier. W# rafe to all of our Customers. New York Corraapindent, Chatham Na lieaal Bank, Chicago Corraipondant, Manufacturers latleaal Beak. [x7 THK SHADOW, EKE THE SUBSTANCE FADK!" 7. S ia BOW prepared to produce SHADOW PHOTOGRAPHS la the moat improved style of modern art. And the foltowing reliable Fire Iaaurance Campnnies -ABTMA, «»ral Ckit and txamint tamplet cf hit work— SATISFACTION GUARANTEED! GALLERY OVER BROWNS GROCERY. TOLEDO, IOWA, [3-ly INSURANCE. WM. H. HARRISON, General Insurance Agent, Toledo, Iowa. Represents lira CHARTER OAK LIFE INSURANCE CO., OF HARTFORD. A8SETS$10,000.000 of Hartford, assets $6,000,000 HONK, of New York, assets 6,000,000 lartford of Hartford, a seta 2,750,000 Phoenix, of Ilertfcrd, assets 1,7$",000 Special attention will be given to insuring bWJiLLINCS, ftARNS and CONTENTS against FIRE and L1GI1TNLNQ, for a peri tod of One, Three and Five years, aud at as Ww ratM at any one tan pouibly give. OFFICE—in Tama county 'Ink. 84 THE CONNECTICUT MUTUAL Life Insurant® Company. Org nizod in 1846 AmU ^39,000,000. Dirt leads to I\llcy Holders,*®# Premi ums, for 1871,47 per fcfciit. K. C. RICE, AfmL ll-T BUCKINGHAM, IOWA. Ob Yo«, A NEW THING A New Wagon. The ptfcee to get the best WAGON or BUGGY made in Iowa ik at the BRADBROOK WAGON CARRIAGE Where is kept a full supply of WAGONS tad BUGGIES on hand and everything ia Walter Bradbrook's line made to order.— All orders fer rtpfctrs er bromptly fit 1**4. None but th% Shawls, Marseilles Quilts, Wall Paper, J. M. SEARLBS. SE3ARLEIS ESTABLISHED 1857. COE, eottltruction BEST MATERIAL used, and only the BEJT WORKMEN EMPLOYED. All Work Warmfited to give satisfaction, A new thing about his Wagons ia th BRASS THIMBLE SKEINS, which excell all others. All wanting Wag 'ens or Carriagea should call upon the un tferilgned before purchasing. HT* WAGON and CARRIAGE PAINT IMG done to order. WALTER BRADBROOK, TOLEDO. IOWA. BLANKS.—BLAH* DEED8, MORTGA QMS, Quit Claims and the Toledo, Iowa. Justice'* Bleak Ciaometc Office Solcfto THE PEOPLE'S STORE W. F. JOHNSTON & CO., Hare now open and on exhibition, the largest Stock of General Merchandise Tama County, consisting ol Domestic and Fine Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing) ni Boots and Shoes, ®eM ^Ta1e' Sat9J*nfl CaPs Implements. Umbrellas.Tarasols and Is iee^ See., to sell at LOW EST prices for CASIf. in a11 movements» SMALL 1 KOH & and Quick Returns, aud to luruish to the people ol lama County Goods of tlie Best Quality and Manufacture at greatly reduced marginal profits, they would solicit an examination of their stock, con fident that they give entire satisfaction Utf Both as to QUALITY and PRICE. DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND AMERICA]! SAMut. Largest and Best in Linn or any Adjoining Count}* FIRST BUSINESS HGCS£ BELOW IRON BRIDGE Cedar Rapids, Iowa. JL(»II|, Tolodo. J. W. 2-28 rS9dotr»!frwfT Groceries, Hardware and Agrioal and nsroTioi^s OIF ALL zszinsros. are prepared Which they having for their object 1 W. F. JOHNSTON AND CO. CEDAR RAPIDS MARBLE WORKS! DSS J. O. BAXTER. E- P- BALDWIN, Agcii REMOVED! Is Now Established in tlie NEW BRICK BLOCK, And has already filled up with new staple and fancy DRY GOODS, Foreign and Domestic Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing Carpetings and Oil Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Corsets, White Goods, Laces, Shawls, Silk and Cotton Threads, Notions, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Wall Paper, Window Paper, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Scissor#, Queens ware, Lamps.. A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES, Including Tea, Coffee, /Sugar, Syrup, Dried Fruit, (fee. Adhering strictly to fair, legitimate dealing, and holding out rare inducements, I expect to merit a large trade. Toledo, April 10th, T8v3. H- THE MEDICAL EMPORIUM or Tama County —-is the place to find— PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass, Putty, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Toilet Soaps, School Books, and Stationery. In fact, everything usually kept in a first class drug store. Call and examine our stock and prices. We are determined not to be undersold bv any Drug House in the county. Thankful for past "favors, we hope by strict attention to business, to merit a liberal share of patronage in the future. DEEDS, MORTGAGES &c, GALLEY. SPRINGER i- CO, For Sale At THIS OFFICE. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1873. le Chronicle. Is published every Thursday morning by WAKRBN HARMA*. If paid strictly in atfvcoM tfcc subscription price of the CHRONICLK Will be $1.70 a year otherwise It will be $2.00, and no subscription will be allowed to rua over two years unpaid. Office on High Street, l&st of Tama Conn ty Bank. Oasfc Bates of Advertising. 1 Inch, 1 week 1 Inch, 1 month 1 Inch, months 1 Inch, 1 year.. Column. 1 year Column Column Colum 1 Column, 1 year 1 ....$ .80 2.00 .... 4.00 6.40 12.80 .40 60 40 80.00 Legal advertising, at legal rates. For the use of large cuts and wood type an additional charge, varying from 10 to 20 percent., will be made. Prompt settlements will be expected with all time-advertisers, at the close of each calender quarter. Transient advertise ments must be paid for in advance. Silent Muster Roll. "In spite of the fiouble of every State in the Uniou—in spite of the censure ef the Legislature of his own Siate—in spite of every sentiment of patriotism, of honor, of justice—backed only by the "liberal" party which embraces the elements of the rebel lion, and which on a test vote in the House, gave it votes—Mr. Sumner persists in his proposition to strike from the Army Register the records ef the civil war, and from tlie banners of the Republic names of battles fought by our soldires in defence of Liberty and the Union."—iBoston Globe. Aye, blet the recerd oull Efface the freuing ta natal No more Eliall fietdom floul On Ilistoiy's page her vauntet Take down the war worn flagBl What though Columbia bleeds S})U jn the worthless rags 1 They tell of "brothers' deeds 1 See where, from mortal scars, Ihe blood-red tide did pour! See, on these faded bars, Where dipped "fraternal" gen I Here heroes wrote in blood, Their martyrdom for race! Beslime the diops icithmud! 'lis record ef iisgraoe Besmear each setting IMM That Liberty wrote down Blot out iLe deeds of fame That made the world's renown Level each lowly grave That bears a soldier's cross! For every ransomed slave We mourn a hero's loss What sooth! Forgotten now The lofty deeds they wrought! Snatch from each silent brow The wreaths fer which they fought! There's but a screed of shame Who thus to death went down! Consign the page to flame, Though God himself should frown! If. N*y 1 Back, ye etoVen Klan! Art heritage of hate Damned be the tongue ef man Their fame would desecrate The base, unmindful knave That doth their graves profane, Himself is but a slave For whom they died at T*W! £hall desecrating haadt Be laid upon the icroll! Whose shining page extend* From pole to answering pole Shall black oblivion's pall Great Lincoln's name veil o'er, And bis redeemed roll call "Six hundred thousand more?" Shall he whose tattered lines Tho Wilderness passed through. Be pillaged of the shrines Whence our salvation grew Shall each sky-reaching arch O'erwhelmed and crumbled That m&rk* the Wondrous maroh Of Rherman to the sen? Great God Thnj frttd a Raet Whose brows ye would uncrova! Climb to the skies, and trace Their pinnacled renown The heaven uplifting shaft That unborn worlds shall vinr, Their glory shal 1 engraft Upon the pictured B'ue! III. Cone f«rA ye serried hoet, From out your coffined gloom The weatbs your bleod that cost, They rifled from your tomb! Stand where in silent rank, Tour Captains bade you stand! Stand where in death you lank* By fratricidal hand Rest net the muffled drum! No sound the gloom nhnll break! Their silent lips are dumb, Whose wounds alone do speak! But call, with bated breath, From God's unwritten scroll, The muffled names of death— The Silent Muster Roll. 0, mournfnl reveille! O, pitiful pwrade! What demon's soul hath he, That smites then heroes, dead 7 Aleng the shadowy lines, See the pale leaders ride, Beneath the torn ensigns u. n. 1 year ijj.: n, 1 year ... 22. n, I yaar.. 28 n, 1 year .71 .. 41.. That tell us where they died. Yon tattered flag behold That Lyon's heroes bore I Stained ia eaoh faded fold With their dead leader's gore That flag the field records Where, fighting, prone he fell! Would'st blot the golden words His golden deeds that tell And here is Ellsworth's guard, And here is McPhersou's braves, Acd they with Cooke who warred, And found with him their graves. And he of Lexington, And Winches!or who died, And, dying, "Lay me down, And save the flag," he cried. And they, great hearted men, Crowned with a fadeless crown, Who manned their cannon whea The Cumberland went down.
And they on Seuthern waves Who fought the fight of faitfc, And found, in corral caves. The hero sleep of death. Some felt with bullets gored, Some hitrleJ by shells to dust, And some by cut of sword, Andeome by bayonet thrust, And some their glory carved With might of god-like men, Ami gome (sad fate!) were starved In Libby's rotten pen But all their birthrights bought By deeds of lofty name, And gained the goal they sought Amid a grand acclaim. Tlieit flags the legends bear That hate can ne'er efface, Their ime is freedom's care Their eulogists, a Race 'Tis done Suspend the call! Dismiss the dread parade! Their s is the shroud and pall! Ours is the Scroll they made! But on each mound unstained, The changeless vow we gave Their banners, unprofancd, FoBEVEKMOTtE SKALL WAVE But lift no warning tongue To bid their spoilers pauso No slur can do them wrong, Who gained a world's applaaMi Along the path of Time, ILigb souls ulone have trod, They make their march sublime, To join their leader, Ood Chronicle. l. Ui-AKJTLKY. FREDERICK DOUGLASS. Xo name is mora familiar to the present generation of Americans than that placed at tho head of this arti cle. The man who gave himself this name, and has made it honorable on tho page of Araerictn history is now far on in life, lie stands six feet or more, broad shouldered, and well forxied las face pale yellow, and his features striking in every part his hair, still thick aud bushy, is blanched by the frosts of time and toil. This man has como up from the lowest depths. He was born a slave on one ot the plantations of Mary land. His mother was a Mandiugo —a proud race with European fea tures, wavy hair, erect and stately forms, instinct, with intelligence and sonsibility, vigorous aud brave. His father was a whito man whom ho never knew. In a nameless hove! this child of their intercourse first saw the light, aud there, herded with hundreds of others as abject as him self, he passed the first years of his life. Torn from his mother as soon aB he was born, she never saw him half a dozen times. She was worked on a field twelve miles away. She cfeuld only visit him at night—walk ing this distance to hold bim in her arms for an bottr, and then walking back to begin her morning task at four o'clock. And yet she did this more than once, though she had nothing to bring him but her love. She could furnish neither raiment, nor food nor bed she could not even mend or wash the little tow slurt which (or a long time was hie only garment. In a brief space she had ceased to come at all—she was broken and dy ing—she passed away to the invisible realm. The boy grew on. He saw the pangs of nlavery on every hand. In telligent aud thoughtful, he began to revolve the bitter question, Why am I a slave When ten years old he was sent to Baltimore to be a house servant with Mrs. Sophia Auld. This kind hearted woman be gan to teach him bis letters. He made rapid progress, and she was proud of her charge. She was going to make him proficient at least, in reading the Bible. The basbaud found it out and immediately interposed. But the boy had tasted enough to create de sires that nothing could repreas. With a spelling book in his bosom he pursued his 6tudies. At lengtl he made money enough to purchase a Columbian Orator." In this vol umn he found tho fascination of lib erty. Here was tho immortal lan guage of the Declaration of our In dependence: here was one of the mas terly speeches of Sheridan. He oould resist it no longer, llo ran away. Ihe story of his escape has been re cently and freshly told. Ho came to New Bedford on Buzzard's Bay, in old Massachusetts. The air was ful 1 of liberty aud he exulted. Ho found work and kept his own wages. He sawed wood, dug cellars, shoveled coal, rolled oil casks on tho wharves he worked in candle works aud brass foundries, and while living in the new world he began to hear of Garrison, aud he very soou subscribed lor tho Liberator.'' He read what books he could reach—among them Scott's "Lady of the Lake." Charmod in tho chara*. ter of the noble maid, ho oast away the name of his former bondage, and henceforth called himself Frederick Douglass—a name whose renown will long linger among men. It was here that ho married and began to plant a family of his own. lie mingled with tho [colored people that had gathered under the northern i Mormons stars. lie ventured to speak in their *'cw meetings, and the fire of his elo quence kindled to a flame. In 18-41 a great convention assembled at Nan tucket Douglass appeared and ad- immediately employed as an agent of the American Anti-Slavery Socio- gan. Though in danger ol recap ture ho lectured everywhere in the North. He went to England, where his course was an ovation. Thcro he found friends who gave the funds (£150) to purchase the bond of his liberty. Returning to America he settled in Rochester, western Now York, aud started his paper, which became a power in the cause to which he had devoted 1m life. Ue saw the rising storm of civil war, which the madness of slavery finally brought on. He heard the first thunders of that awful tempest, and sent two of his sons into the strife, who bore themselves bravely till the day was won. He was the personal friend of Lin coln, and when Johnson succeeded to the Whito House, Douglass came to plead with him lor those civil rights of tho black men which were still withheld. His speech on that occa sion will live in the history ot those days. As he and his associates turn ed away he said—" Mr. President we will lake our appeal to the people." If was a noble answer to the sophism with which the delegation had been mocked- it was in the winter of '66 Douglass remained in the city, ind was invited to deliver his famous lecturo on the ''Assassination of Pres ident Lincoln," Ho 6tood on the platform of the old First Presby teri an Church, then the only place in tho city where he could speak unmolest ed, and swayed the vast and crowded audience with Websterian power. The only allusion to the course of President Johnson which escaped him was a climax of one of his mas terly passages, which thrilled every heart when he said Had Mr. Lin ooln lived, he would have beeu the friend and counselor of the black man. Ho would not have begun by playing the role of Moses and ended by playing the role of Pharoali." Mr. Douglass was subsequently designated to accompany tho famoua commission to Santa Domingo at the instance ot President Grant, and when he returned he added the weight of his great influence to the views of the commissioners, and iu support of the patriotic sentiments and efforts of the Administration. He stands to-day among his peo ple, and among all Americans, one oi the foremost men, Iu the new arrangements lor the Presidential term before us, he deserves some recognition commensurate with his great abilities aud his distinguished labors. A South American paper denies that tho monkeys are dying of the yellow fever. President Grant is now enjying a western trip. He expeots to visit Idaho Springs, Colorado, and stop at Galena on his return to Washington. Whole No., 331. Church Statistics, as 8hown i by the Last Census. Probably no item in the census appeals more strongly to the curiosi ty of the peoplo than does that ex hibiting the membership of the vari ous religious denominations. Tho church statistics Jarnish some very interesting facts. Tho church build ings in the nited States number 62.552, affording accommodations to 11,395,542 persons out of tho 27, 900,000 individuals over ten years old in this country. The total value of church property is 8349,019,780. fho annexed table will show the strenpth of various denominations iu the order ol their numerical prepon derance: an^ Percentage of iucreaso in member- Number of ship during Denomlnat'ns Churches I860 & 70 Methodist Baptist Presbyterian Catholic Christian Lutheran CongregationallSt Episcopalian German Reformed Friends Universalista Unitarian 21,337 13,926 7,071 3,806 2,822 2,776 2,715 2,601 1,445 622 602 210 171 152 7 15 10 49 36 30 22 22 69 17 250 97 The percentage giveu iu the above tables are, iu each case, with tho ex ception of tho Mormons, much less than those of the decade between the dressed the throng. From that time years 1^50 and 1800. The Univer his fcourso was upward, lie was Friends, or Quakers, each n'no l)cr cent ca^°" ty, and thus his long career as the M,8',s stand first in respect to the ag cliampion of freedom for his race be- 6reKat0 value of church edifices, tho Catholics second, the Presbyterians third tho Baptists fourth, aud Epis copalians fifth and the Congregation alists sixth. during tho last de" Of all the creeds, the Metho- A Queer Case of Poverty. Mr. Wm, McDonnell tells us by let ter ot a case of extreme destitution which recently came under his obser vation iu a part of tho county locally known as sand Ridge. Mr. D. makes an interesting story of it, but it is so long we must condense it about 80 per cent: In 1864 a man came to this cotuity from Ohio, bringing his wile and five grown sous with him. He was a mill-wright, and will be remembered as the builder of tho old Foster mill, in clay township. He had owned a large mill iu Ohio, aud was iu indepen dent circumstauees there but his mill washed away, and other misfortunes befel him and he came to Iowa a poor man. Ho was an industrious niaii, but indulged his sons in idleness, and supported them by his own labor. By hard labor for several years he accumulated some property, but after h's death his boys soon wasted it. One of these boy9 Mr. McDonnell met a few weeks since. His long un combed hair was covered by a dilap idated bat. His pants and short coat were made by himself of corase linen bagging, an were the only clothing visible upon him. His breast and knees wore entirely uncovered. He is a strong, robust man but prefers living in a miserable hut, with dirt, rags and poverty as his portion, to earning a decent and comfortable liv ing by work. Hunting, fishing and idleness are his heaven. One of the sons of this shiftless man appeared during McDonnel's interview. His only article of appar el was a brief calico shir-t. The to. male portion ef the huthold deserted her husband aud two sons sometime 6ince, and married another man. The remaining three do their cookiug up. on an old stove without any vessels, and exist without a dish of any kind to eat from. How they lived through the past severe winter, uobody knows. They have never been suspected of thelt. The man seems happy and hopeful, talks cheerfully of his pros pects, and what ho proposes to do. He is not illiterate chronio laxiness seems to be his only failing. Send a missionary to Saod Kidge. —Ex. Jack O'Neal, brother of Thomaa and Joe O'Neal, who were just tried at Mt. Carroll, 111., and oonvicted for the murder of Rextord. was taken to Council Blufis last Sunday, where be will be arraigned tor murder. It is said that one ot the brothers has "peached," and says he can point out three graves on the island at Clinton uear their den of infamy, whew buried three of Jack's victims.