Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle, May 15, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle dated May 15, 1873 Page 1
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Vol. VII, Noi 20. V. I. HtRtlSOI. B. k. HALL, *0. H. Willtl TAMA COUNTY BANK, rnrnmnm Toledo. Iowa. -:o: HAMISOtf, BALL ft WABEEN, BAHEEBS Correspondents: Keutitze Brothers, New Telrk, and Third National Dank, Chicago. PfltST NATIONAL BANE TAMA CLTY. IOWA fe. A. HALL, Pres. G. II. WABRBN, Cusoier A. L. HouauTow, Asst. Cashier. 1OT" We refo to all of our Customers. New York Correspondent, Chatham Na 'tienal Bank, Chicago Correspondent, Manufacturers Ik at ion a I Paak. 17 PKKSERVE THE SHADOW, ERE THE SUBSTANCE FADJB J" r. 8. MOOR.EJ, is now prepared to produce MA10W .PHOTOGRAPHS In the most improved style of modern art. Call and txaninetUmplet of his xcork— SATISFACTION GUARANTEED •GALLERY OVER BROWN'S GROCERY. TOLEDO, IOWA. ,[3-1? INSURANCE. WM. H. HARRISON, General Insurance Agent, Toledo, Iowa. Represents the CHARTER OAK LIFE INSURANCE CO., OF HARTFORD. And tie following reliable Fire Insurance Companies ABTNA, of Hartford, assets $(5.000,000 HOME, of New York, assets 6.0O T,IK'" i artford of Hartford, a eete 2,7'.0.NK) ltioenix, of llarlfcrd, assets l,785,0fH Special attention will be given to insuring IW£LLINOS, liAU.VS xiul CONTENTS •gainst FIRE and LIGHTNING, fur a peri od of One, Threesixl Five years. aud ut as iotr rat** at any on* tan jjotsibfg give. OFFICE—In Tama County Bunk. 5-3 THE CONNECTICUT MUTUAL Life Insurance Company. Org nized in 1840 Net Atsdt J. M. SEAKL&3. /39,000,00a Dividends to Potiey Holders,"on Premi ums, for I»II, 47 per sent. N. C. RICE, Agmt. 11-7 BUCKINGHAM, IOWA. on Yes, A NEW THING A New Wagon. The plaeo (o gel the heat WAGON or "BUGGYmade iu Iowa ib at the BRADBROOK WAGON & CARRIAGE .'Where is kept a full supply ofWAGONS and BUGGIES on band and everything in Walter Bradbrook's line made to order.— All orders for repairs er construction promptly filled. None but the BEST MATERIAL used, and only the BEST WORKMEN EMPLOYED. All Work Warranted to give satisfaction. A new thing about bin Wagons 5s th BRASS THIMBLE SKEINS, which exoell all others. All wanting Wag *ns or Carriage* should call upon the un (lenlgned before purohaaing Mr*WAOON and CARRIAGE PAINT U&do*1* to order. ^WALTER BRADBROOK, TOLEDO, IOWA. "DLANKS.—BLANK DEEDS, MORTGA Qga, Qnit Cl^i«s and Justice's Blank U Ofcs *TI|C Toledo ESTABLISHED 1857. THE PEOPLE'S STORE W. F. JOHNSTON & CO., HaVe lioW open atid on exhibition, tho Largest Stock of General Merchandise in Tama County, oonsisting of Domestic and Fine Dress Goods, Heady Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Glass and Queens Ware, Hats and Caps, Groceries, Hardware and Agrio«l U£|l Implements. UnibreUftg, Parabola and. 3STOTI6^TS OF iczisriDs* Shawls, Marseilles Quilts, Wall Paper, &c., fcc., which they are prepared to sell at LOWEST puces for CASII. Aiming to lead in all movements, having for their object SMALL PROFITS and Quick Returns, and to furnish to the people ol lama County Goods of the 13est Quality and Manufacture at greatly reduced marginal prolits, they would solicit an examination of their stock, con iident that they can give "ESBSm&nES SAT JCSPAOTION 24tf Both as to QUALITY and PRICE. FIRST BUSINESS H0US2 BELOW IRON BRIDGE Cedar Rapids, iowa. J. W. COK, Aircnt, Toledo. 3-28 Toledo, April 10 th, 1873. Toledo, Iowa, down W. F. JOHNSTON AND CO. CKDAIl IIAl'IUS MARBLE WORKS! SEAR.LES cfc BAXTER, DEALERS IN FOKM AND AMERICAN HABILE, Largest and Best in Linn or any Adjoining Comity. nttr J. 0. BAXTER. K. 1». IiA LIMYIN, Ucu'l Apcii BEHOVED! Is Now Established in tfie NEW BRICK BLOCK, And has already filled up with new staple and fancy DRY GOODS, Foreign and Domestic Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing Carpetings and Oil Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Corsets, White Goods, Laces, Shands, Silk and Cotton Threads, Notions, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Wall Paper, Window Paper, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Scissors, Queensware, Lamps. A FUiL LINE OF GROCERIES, Including Tea, Coftee, /S'ugar, Syrup, Dried Fruit, £c. Adhering strictly to fair, legitimate dealing, and holding out rare inducements, I expect to merit a large trade. THE MEDICAL EMPORIUM or Tama County —is the place to find— PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass, Putty, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Toilet Soaps, School Books, and Stationery. In fact, everything usually kept in a first class drug store. Call and examine our stock and prices. We are determined not to be undersold by any Drug House in the county. Thankful for past favors, we hope by strict attention to business, to merit a liberal share of JT. GALLEY: Pat™nage BLANK. DEEDS, MORTGAGES &c, por Salo AT THIS OFFICE."' in the future. SPRINGER & CO. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1873. ^he ^hronicle. Is published every Thurtdair morning by WARRBN IIARXAN. If paid strictly iti advance the subscription price of the CURONICLE will be $1.73 a year otherwise It will be $'2.00, and no subscription will be allowed to run over two years unpaid. Office on High Street, East of Tama Coun ty Bank. C&sb Sates of Advertising. 1 Inch, 1 week 1 Inob, I month 1 Inch, months 1 Inch, 1 year ...$ .80 .... 2.00 ... 4.00 0.10 ». 12.80 ... 22.40 ... 28.80 41.40 80.00 Column. 1 year .u.. Column, 1 year Column, 1 year JL...w...... Column, 1 year 1 Column, 1 year Lognl advertising, at legal rates. For tlxj use of large cuts and wood type an additional charge, varying from 10 to 20 per cent., will be made. Prompt settlements will be expected with all time-advertisers, at tho close of each calender quarter. Transient advertise ments must be paid for in advance. THE DOMICILE ERECTED BY JOHN. Behold the mansion erected by dtodal Jack See the malt stored in many a plethoric •aok In the proud cirque of Ivan's bivouac. Mark how the rat's felonious fangs invade l'hegjlden storos iu John's pavilion laid. Anon, with velvet foot and Tarquin strides, Subtle Grimalkin to hi# quarry glides, Grimalkin grim, that slew the fierce rodont! Whose teoth insidious Jebaaa's MMkcloth rent, Lot now, the deep-mouthed canine fee's as sault, That vexed the avenger of the stolen malt, stored in the hallowed pr^cinc'ls of that hall That rose complete at Jack's creative call. Here stalks the impetuous Ce* with cruut. pled horns, Whereon the exacribatlng hound Iras torn, Who bayed the felint slaughter-beast that slew The rat predaceous, whose keen fangs ran through The textile fabrics that involved the grain That lap in Han's inviolate domain. Her Wftlto ib. Anlvtu Uniaaol „i,l rue Lactiferous spells from vaccine dugs who drew, Of that coruiculaie beast, whose torturous horn Tossed to the clouds in fierce vindictive scora, The baying howtl, qboso braggart birk and stir Arched the lithe spine and reared th| in dignant fur Of ptiss, that with vermiucidal c'aW Smele the wierd rat, in whose insatiate maw I.ay reeking malt, that erst in Juan's court we saw. Roted in eenoeent girb, that seems la sooth Too long a piey to Coronos' iron tooth, Uehold the man, whose amorous lips in cline, Full with young Ero's osculative sign, To the lorn maiden, whose lact-albic hands Drew a bulactic fluid from lacteal glands Of that immortal bevine by whose hem Distort, to realms ethereal was borne, The beast ootuldan, vexer of that sly Ulysses quadruped who made die, The old mordaceous rat that dared deveur Antaeedaneus ale in Jan's domestic bower. Lo, here, with hirsute honors doffed succinct Of Saponaceous locks, the priest who link'd Iu Hymen's golden bands the man unthrift, Whose means exiguoas stared from many a rift Even as he kissed the virgin all forlorn Who milked the cow with implicated horn Whe in fierce wrath the canine torturer skied. That dared to vex the ineidious muricide, Who let auroral effluence through the pelt Of that sly rctUtat refibei til* {uilAOe Jack had built. The loud, cantankerous fihangnei eemes at last Whose shouts aroused the shorn ecclesiast, Who sealed the vows of Hymen's sacrament To him, who robed in garments indigent, Exosculates the damsel lachrymose, The emulgator of the horned brute morose, That tessed the dog, that worried the cat, '.hat kilt The rat that ate the malt that lay la the house that Jack built. —N. Y. Picayune. Life Under the Ocean Wave. As ©very man carries within him- I it* It' Asia. It has vast and illimitable forests, which tho eye of man has nevar decerned, and never shall, in entirety—forests that are fuller by far of busj life than the most prolific of tha tropica. "Tho terro3trial for •sts," say Charles Darwin, "do not contain anything liko the number of animals that tlioso of the sea do." Tho siirfaco of the waters, which, plowed by storms, aro such a source of dread to man, aro tho protection of these children of tho mother ocean. At 550 fathoms there is a perfectly uniform temperature, tho same in all latitudes. No cold pierces this wonderful coverlet, no storm ev er disturbs the waters beneath. Here in their hidden home, safe from tho I disturbance of this upper life, are myriads of creatures, living, marry ina dying warring one upon the other organizing into Ling loins, republics, families working in eyory form of manufacture, as spinnorn, weavers, architects, builders endow ed with mysterious instincts, which aro quite as wondorlul in their way as our higher reason, and bound to gether by mysterious ties which wo are equally unable ta cotnprohand or call in question. So true is it that tha mysteries ot scienco far out weigh those of morals and theology. Theso inhabitants of tho sea are found in absolute countless numbers. No census of old Ocean's population has over been taken nor never will be. They exist in all waters, the hot as well as the cold, the fresh as tho salt. The mariner in tho tropic sea is startled to find tlio ocean all about him growing luminous, as though the very water beneath the hot equa torial sun had turned to fla-no. Flashes of vormilion colored light dart from tho keel of his vessel as it plows the surface of tho waters, and streams of light hjfhtniiig sparkle and play upon its waves. If, over coming his superstitious fears by growing accustomed to iho night, ho drops a bucket into tho luminous soa, he brings up what sooms less water thau liko molten lead. It lights m... ir ges his hand into the watur. It comes out covered with luminous particles, glittering liko diamonds full of Chronicle. light. How innumerable must be theso in finitesimal g'our worms of tho sea, thus to convert tho ooran into a sea of light. Sometimes these tiny creaturcs tint, instead ot illuminating tho sea. Insects whoso diameter is less than that ot a hair, 300 of whom, placed iu a line would not make an inch in leugth, whiten tho waters of tho ocean with their presence, and make what the dutch sailors call the Milky Sea, or Sea ot Snow. In 1854, iu the Bay of Bengal, Captain King man passed for thirty miles through the middle of a largo patch of «ea, white with these creatures. Thirty miles of animalcules, 300 of whom would hardly constitute an iuch Seamen sometimes meet with red fogs, especially in the vicinity ot the Capo de Verde Islands. Ehrenberg Las examined this feg with his micro scope. He finds that its tint is given to it by infinitesimal shells of infuso ria, brought by the winds from the coasts of South America. Lot the reader imagine, if ho can, how many of th£so sholls, so small as to bo quito invisible to tho nakod ye there must be to produce a cloud large enough and denao enough to perplex the navigator. Now, are the plants less minute or less numer ous Freycinct and Turrel, when on board tho corvette La Creole, in the neighborhood of Tajo, in the Isle ot Lucan, observed an extent of thir ty-five square miles of ocean tinted a light red. This color proved to be duo to the presence ot a marine plant so small that in a square iuch there were 25,000,000 individuals. As the ooloration extended to a con siderable depth, it would bo impossi ble to form any adequate conception o( their number, still less to calculato s self an inner self, a hidden life, that natural dye which has given to the casual acquaintances know nothing of, so the ocean has within its bos oni a life which is never revealed ex cept to long acquaintances and an al most loving familiarity. It has a life mora multitudinous, quite as wonder ful, aud not less beautilul than that of the land. Its mountains rise higher than Mont Blanc. Its valleys and gorges are unequalled by those of tho Lebanou, tho Pyrenees, or tho Ilymalayas. It has great step pes and immense plains, which rival tlioso of North America or Central presence of a similar Red Sea its name. Theso minute objects, however, are by no means confined to the surface of tho aea, or to tropical climes tiny are found in all latitudes and in all waters. The great rivers teem with them. The Ganges transports in the courso of one year a mats of invisible infusoria equal in volume to aix or eight of tho great pyramids of Egypi. Water brought up rora the depth ot 'Jl,600 feet, betwoen the Philippine and the Marianne Island*, was fouud to con tain 116 spemos. In tho Arclio re­ gions, where tho intense cold forbids all other animal life, the infusoria are still to bo found, possesing a har iy constitution which defies all cli mates. In tho residuum of blocks of ice nearly fifteen different species have been discovered. At a depth ®f the sea which excoeds tie height of the loftiost mountain, Humboldt asserts that there aro to bo found an mnumorablo phalaux of animals im porceptiblo to the human eye.—LY MAN ABBOTT, In Harper's Magazine, for May. Practical results of the Eight Hour Plan In New York. The evil results ol tho eight hour movement of last summer, which for nearly eleven weeks paralyzed tho industries ot this city, have during tho present winter been severely felt. The exhibit ot our Commis sioners of Charities and Corrections shows that tho numbers of industri ous and unemployed poor craving tho benefit of publio charities has been unusually largo, while such sta tistics as havo boon gathered indi cate serious losat bath to employers and workmen, in many branches of trade. It will be remembered that among tho builders the striko first began, and that, although a certain propor tion of the employers having unful filled contracts on hand were coorced into compliance with tho demands of their operatives, many preferred to incur tho penalties ot their agree ments rather than yield whilo oth ers succeeded temporizing with their hands until after tho failure of tho movement was assured. It is probable, therefore, that this trade being the first affected, suft.'rod with even greater severity, and iudeod, bore a greater share ol' tho loss, than any other industry involved 111 the unfortunate struggle. This view, we think, m.°.y be safely basod upon a comparison ot the records ot the building trade tor corresponding pe riods iit 1871 and 1872, tho tabulated statistics of which we find iu a pain pua. .. cently receive 1. From May '27th to November 30th in tho first montion ed year, 1,333 edifices were erected aud alterations mado in 310 moro. Ol theso, 528 wero first-class struc tures, of an average cost of $18,000 53 factories and work-shops, averag ing $8,000, and 33 hotels, publio buildings and churches, averaging $21)0,000 each. Tho aggregate sum invested in all for tho 27 weeks was $25,072,000. Comparing this with the same months in 1872 of first class edifices but 107 of factories, 20 hotels, etc., 16 and altogether but 707 buildings, and 287 altera tions wero completed, at an aggre gate cost of $12,821,000. Deducting this total tor 1872, from tho total for 1871, we havo a result of $12,851,000 which indieatos tho dead loss to city improvements in the twenty seven weeks. It cannot bo urged that the year would havo beon a dull ono iu any event for the trade, as tho spring opened with an excellent prospect for a busy fall. During September, (the principal month for making con tracts), 1871, 103 first-class struo tures wore begun in the same pori od, in 1872, but 9, ono-twelfth as many, were undertaken. Here then is nearly thirteen millions ot dollars forced out of the building trade, and into other channels. Estimating la bor at one-halt the cost gives $U,425 000 as a dead loss, not to capitalists who can Bavo themselves by other investments, but to working-men, who have no other support. Almost six and one-half millions twenty seven weeks—$39,363 per day—is tho sum these men paid for their striko, and if we should add thereto the ouisido expenses incurred, ot which tho money borrowed for sup port during its continuance, from the various trade associations iu oth er cities, forms no inconsiderable portion, wo should doubtless arrive at a total far in excecs of the largest estimates. We find it stated that at the pres ent time there is but ono fikh the amount of first-class work in this city to be carried over into spriug, of that done last year, and that to employ tho same number ot men, and then to average the same quan tity ot labor as they did in 1872, thcro is not four and a halt hours1 work per day this season, (or oach man that is employed in the building trade. Let us add that we notlco that ro- Whole No., 332 cent daily journals chronicle the fact that tho International society has mado its headquarters in New York, and is seeking to instill into tho minds of our workmen the baleful and communistic principles of Jts organization. It may bo well for the men to considor such facts as thosei above stated before joining an association, tho only object of which is to lead them luto further strife, productive of no other rosults savo misery to themselves and families. Scientific American. Letter from Hon. 8am' labarger, of Ohio, on' the Railroad Question. SPRINOHSLD, O., April 7, '73. «4tor of th* Jlot/on Journal of Commerce DBAU SIR:—There never was tub* mittod to any people any problem, affecting its material interests, ot moro moment thau that ono to which you have so devoted your journal, namely the soeurement of just Bud equitablo rates of charge upon, aud regulations of, the vast internal com merce of this continental nation. It embraces in it not merely the ques tions ot deliveranco from tho mast ery and corrupting power of «nex ampled aggregations of organized money—tho questions how shall wo cscRpo from tho vast balances against us in our money accounts with other nations—from tho resulting stringen cy iu our finances, tho advacco in gold—the diminutions of our annual reductions of publio debt—but it embraces also tho growth and pros* flprity of whole families of States, to gether with tho values and produc ing capacity of their lands and tho broad and clothing of the great mass of their people. Indoed it is a question of the right of tho people to live. There is no exageration about this for, unless relief can come, and access to tho markets of our country and tho world can be seoured for tho mighty productions of this Continent, whole populations of States must either go wholly out, am certain, is the dignity of tho ques tions you discuss, and whioh now so move our people. I would never be understood as holding that all the ills to which the productions of this country are now injuriously subject ed, are to bo found in the injustice of railroads and other common car riers as theso wrongs by railroads aro. Full and adequato relief will never bo fouud until our people aro educated up to the appreciations of tho magnitudo of the wants of our in ternal aud foreign commerce—wants especially in tho means of cheap, con stant, and adequate transportation, controlled by our own just and equal laws. New water lines, trom tho heart of tho Continent to both oceans, must be creatod aud kept, bv Federal laws, at tho lowest com pensatory rate of charge. So also as lo new and adquate land carriage. All theso combined, and justly rpgu lated by la*v, as done in all other commercial countries, will bring us the deliverance which the pooplo now so emphatically demaud, and will, I trust, soon bave. Yours turly, S. SKLIIABAkosx. A Reputed Specific for the Cure of Meningitis. A Michigan correspondent ot tifca Freeport (III.) Bulletin pronounces what is now known as thu oerebro spiual meningitis, now prevailing so extensive and fatally in many parts of the country, as the same epidemic whioh raged in Michigan about twen ty five years ago to such au extont. that it actually broke up the Legis lature aud carried to the grave every one whom it attacked the "old fash ioned hemlock sweats wero adopt ed," after which every caso was sav ed: Ue says: "Our people seat about twenty five miles distant and procured hem lock boughs, and they sent for it from all parts of the State. There was a company called the Hook &> Ladder Company, and for weeks did nothing night or day but go from house to house giving hemlock sweats, and it never failed to savo every case. Thorough sweating might do, but thore is no mistake about hemlock sweats bein* a spa clt'c." The St. Louis Republican gives the following question (or the consid eration of a Kansas lycoum "Which, is the butt gad of a goat

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