Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle, May 15, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of The Toledo chronicle dated May 15, 1873 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

*. s. ao. Vol. VII, No IIALL, .0.11. WAEIKM TAMA COUNTY BANK, Of Toledo. •Iowa. BASBI80K. BALL ft WABBEN, 8AKSESS Correspondents: Keuutie Brothers, New Wk, and Third National DIDII, Chicago, TBI FlUST NATIONAL BANE TAMA CITY. IOWA %. A. HALL, Pres. O. II. WABKCX, Cusnier A. L. IIOUOHTOH, Asst. Cashier. tSr We refe to *11 of our Customers. New York Correspondent, Chatham Na 'Henal Bank, Chisago Correspondent, Manufacturers katlssal fiaik, [i7 PRKSKRVE THE SHADOW, ERE THE SUBSTANCE FADK1 is now prepared to produce S8BAB0W JHOTOGBAPHS in the most impHnred style of modern art. Call and examine itifnplet of his work— SATISFACTION GUARANTEED •JAI.LF.RY OVER BROWNS GROCERY. lOUCfiObWWA. ,[3-ly INSURANCE. WM. H. HARRISON, General Insurance Agent, Toledo, Iowa. R«presents the CHARTER OAK LIFE INSURANCE ASSETSSIO-OOOOOO And the following reliable Firo Insurance Companies AITKA, of Hartford, assets $0.00(1,000 HOME, of New York, assets 6.000,1 KMl I arlford of Hartford, a eete 2,7,0,HI() Vhoenix, of llartfcrd, assets 1,783,000 Special attention will be given to insuring DWELLINGS, 1! A UN'S »nd CONTENTS •gainst FIRE and LIGHTNING, for n vcri «tlof Oue, Ihreeaud Five /ears, and at us lew rale* at any on* tan poinbli/ give. OFFICE—lit Tama County Itank. 5-3 CONNECTICUT MUTUAL life W. moorh, Insurance Company. Org nized la 1840 AtseU 9,000,000. Dividends to policy IIsl4*rs,"on Prt»r una, for 1171, 47 per eent. N. C. RICE, Ag*nt. !«.* BUCKINGHAM, IOWA. OH Yes, A NEWTHING A New Wagon. The placo to gel the best WAGON or •UGGYmade in Iowa is at the BRADBROOK WAGON & CARRIAGE here is kept a full supply of WAGONS and BUGGIES on band and everything in .Walter Bradbroolc's line made to order.— All orders for repairs er construction promptly filled. None but the BEST MATERIAL used, and only the BEST WORKMEN EMPLOYED. All Work Warranted to give satisfaction. A new thing about his Wagons U th UK ASS THIMBLE SKEINS, Which exoell all otbars. All wanting Wag Mis or Carriages should call upon the un Asrslgned before purchasing |«ft WAGON aad CAUHIAGE PAINT IMG 4one to order. WALTER BRADBROOK, TOLEDO. IOWA. T) LAV KS.—BLANK GBtJ, Quit Cl»i«s and Justice's DEEDS, MORTGA Blank V. 24tf J. M. SEAUL&S. CO., OF HARTFORD. ESTABLISHED 1*57. Toledo, Iowa, THE PEOPLE'S STORE JOHNSTON & CO., .- ItaVe lioW open arid on exhibition, tho Largest Stock of General Merchandise in Tama County, consisting of Domestic and Fine Dress Goods, Heady Made Clothing, w ^TOTIOIsrS OS1 ALL iexiTIDS. Sha\vls, Marseilles Quilts, Wall Paper, Jfcc., Jkc., which they are prepared to sell at LOWEST prices for CASH. to lead in all movements, having for their object SMALL PROFITS and Quick Returns, and to lurnish to the people ol lama County Goods ot the liest Quality and Manufacture at greatly reduced marginal profits, they would solicit an examination of their stock, con fident that they can give SEARLBS cfc BAXTER, DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN MARBLE, Largest and Best in Linn or any Adjoining County. FIRST BUSINESS HOUSE BELOW IRON BRIDGE Cedar Rapids, Iowa. J. W. COE, Agent, Toledo. 3-28 i:. REMOVED! Is Now Established in tiie NEW BRICK BLOCK, And has already filled up with new staple and fancy DRY GOODS, Foreign and Domestic Dress Goods, Ready Made Clothing C'arpetings and Oil Cloths, Hosiery, Gloves, Corsets, White Goods, Laces, Shawls, Silk and Cotton Threads, Notions, llats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Wall Paper, Window Paper, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Scissors, Queensware, Lamps. A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES, Including Tea, Coftee, &ugar, Syrup, Dried Fruit, tfce. Adhering strictly to fair, legitimate dealing, and holding Jout rare inducements, I expect to merit a large trade. Toledo, April 10th, 1873. THE MEDICAL EMPORIUM oJT Tama County —is the placo to find— PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass, Putty, Toilet and Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Toilet Soaps, School Books, and Stationery. In fact, everything usually kept in a first class drug store. Call and examine our stock and prices. We are determined not to be undersold by any Drug House in the county. Thankful for past favors, we hope by strict attention to business, to merit a liberal share of patronage in the future. BLANK DEEDS, MORTGAGES &e. tt9dotmit* Solcdo Boots and Shoes. ttlass ana Queens Ware, Hats and Caps, Groceries, Hardware and A"riou1 UJjs|l Implements, Umbrellas, Parasols and SATISFACTION Both as to QUALITY and PRICE. W. F. JOHNSTON AND CO. CEDAR RAPIDS MARBLE WORKS! J. O. ISA\TKit. TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1873. ^he ^hronicU. Is published every Thursday morning by WARBKN IIARMIN. If paid strictly in advance the subscription pries of the CHRONICLE will be $1.75 a year otherwise It will be $2.00, and no subscription will be allowed to run over two years unpaid. Office on High Street, But of Tama Coun ty Dank. Cash Bates of Advertising. 1 Inch, 1 week 1 Incb, I month .... I Inch, 0 months.... 1 Incb,1 year Column. 1 year.... Column, 1 year... Column, 1 year. ...$ .80 ... 2.00 ... -1.00 ... 0.40 111.80 ... 22.40 28.80 4" i «f Column, 1 year 41.40 1 Column, 1 year 80.00 Logal advertising, at legal rates. For tho use of large cuts and wood type an additional charge, varying from 10 to 20 per cent., will be made. Prompt settlements will be expected with all timc-advcrtisors, at tho close of each calender quarter. Transient advertise ments must be paid for in advancc. THE DOMICILE ERECTED BY JOHN. Btthold the mansion erected by drodal Jack See the malt stored in many a plethoric sack In I ho proud eirque of Iran'sbivouac. Mark how the rat's felonious fangs invade Thegjlden storos iu John's pavilion laid. Anon, with velvet foot and Tarquiu strides, Subtle Grimalkin to his quarry glides, Grimalkin grim, that slew the fierce rodont! Whose tooth insidious Johann's rent, sMkcloth Lo! now, the deep-mouthed canine foe's as sault, That vexed the avenger of the Bfolen malt, Stored in the hallowed prtiinc'ls of that hall That rose complete at Jack's creativ» call. Here stalks the impetuous Cew with crunt, pled horns, Whereon the exacribatlng hound was torn Who bayed the felint slaughter-beast that slew The rat predacsous, whose kucn fangs ran through BALDWIN', (i'cu'1 Agcn he textile fabrics that involved the gvain That lap in Ilan's inviolate domain. Her Wnllaa /Wivi u itdiaaol 1 i .i util_ rue Lactiferous spoils from vaccine dugs who drew, Of that corniculate beast, whose torturous horn Tossed to tbe clouds in ficrce vindictive scorn, The buying hound, whoso braggart birk and stir Arched the lithe spine aad reared th* in dignant fur Of puss, that with fet miucidal e'aw Smele the wicrd rat, iu whose insatiate maw Lay reeking malt, that erst in Juan's court we saw. Itoted in senoeentgjurib, that stems rift B. GALLEY* Qt SPRINGER & CO. Por Sale AT THIS OFFICE.: In sooth Too loag a piey to Coronos' iron tooth, Behold the man, wheso amorous lips in cline, Full with young Ero's occulative sign, To the lorn maiden, whose lact-albic hands Drew a bulaclic fluid from lacteal glands Of that immortal bevine by whose hern distort, to realms ethereal was borne, The beast ootuldan, vexcr of that sly Ulysses quadruped who made die, The old mordaceous rat that dared devour Antacedaneus ale in Jan's domestic bower. Lo, here, with hirsute honors doffed succinct Of Saponaceous locks, the priest who link'd In Hymen's golden bands the man unthrift Whose means exiguo&s stared from many Asia. It has vast and illimitable forests, which tho eye of man has never decerned, and never shall, in entirety—forests that are fuller by far of bus^ life than the most prolific of the tropics. "Tlio terrestrial for •sts," say Charles Darwin, "do not contain anything like tho number of animals that those of the sea do." Tho surface of the waters, which, plowed by storms, aro such a source of dread to man, are tho protection of these children of tho mother ocean. At 550 fathoms there is a perfectly uniform temperature, tho same in all latitudes. No cold pierccs this wonderful coverlet, no storm ev er disturbs the waters beneath. Iler in their hidden home, safe from tho disturbance of this upper life, are myriads of creatures, living, marry ing, dying warring 0110 upon the other organizing into king loins, republics, families working in oyory form of manufacture, as spinnors, weavers, architects, builders endow ed with mysterious instincts, which aro quite as wonderful in their way as our higher reason, and bound to gether by mysterious ties which wo are equally unable to comprehend or call in question. So true is it that the mysteries ot scienco far out weigh those of morals and theolo-jy. Theso inhabitants ol tho sea are found in absolute countless numbers. No census of old Ocean's population has over been taken nor never will be. They exist in all waters, the hot as well as the cold, the fresh as tho salt. Tho mariner in the tropic sea is startled to find tlio ocean all about him growing luminous, as though the very water beuoalh tho hot equa torial sun had turned to fla-no. Flashes of vermilion colored light dart from tho keel of his vessel as it plowB tho surface of tho waters, and streams of light lightning sparkle and play upon its waves. If, over coining his superstitious fears by growing accustomed to tho night, hu drops a buckut into tho luminous aoa, he brings up what seems less water than lika molten lead. It lights tt.u ino...ii. i:t.„ IT- i ges his hand into the water. It comes out covered with luminous particles, glittering like diamonds full of light.

How innumerable must bo these in finitesimal g'ow worms of tho sea, thus to eoarert tho ocean into a sea of light. Sometimes these tiny creatures lint, instead of illuminating tho sea. Insects whoso diameter is less than that ot a hair, 300 of whom, placod in a line would not make an inch in leugth, whiten tho waters of the ocean with their presence, and make what the dutch sailors call the Milky ca, or Soa ot Snow. In 1851, iu the Bay of Bengal, Captain King man passed for thirty miles through the middle of a large patch of «ea, white with these creatures. Thirty miles of animalcules, 300 of whom would hardly constitute an inch! Seamen sometimes meet with rod fo^s, especially in the vicinity ot tiie Capo de Verde Islands. Ehrenberg has examined this f«g with his micro jope. lie finds that its tint is given to it by infinitesimal shells of intuso lia, brought by the winds from the coasts of South America. Lot tho reader imagine, if ho can, how many of lh£so shells, so small as to bo quite invisible to tho nakod tyo, there must be to produce a cloud large enough and dense enough to perplex the navigator. Now, are the planU less minute or less numer* ous 'i Freycinct and Turrel, wheu on board tho corvette La Creole, in the neighborhood of Tajo, in tho Isle ot Lucan, observed an extent of thir ty-five square miles of oeean tinted a light red. This color proved to be duo to the preseuce of a marino plant so small that in a square inch there were 25,000,000 individual*. a Even as he kissed the virgin all ferlorn Who milked the cow with implicated horn Whe in fierce wrath the canine torturer skied. That dared to vex tbe insidious muricide, Who let auroral effluence threugh the pelt that sly rat that rebUei Uit jtalae# Jack had built. the loud, cantankertus Shaegnai comes at last Whose sheuts aroused the shorn ecclesiast, Who sealed the vows of Hymen's sacrament To him, who robed in garments indigent, Exosculates the damsel lachrymose, The emulgator of the horned brute morose, That tessedthe dog, that worried the cat, '.hat kilt The rat that ate the malt that lay in th* house tbnc Jack built. —y. Y. Picayune. Life Under the Ocean Wave. As every man carries within him self an inner self, a hidden life, that casual acquaintances know nothing ol, 60 the ocean has within its bos orn a lifo which is nover revealed ex cept to lone acquaintances and an al most loving familiarity. It has a life more multitudinous, quite as wonder ful, and not less beautilul than that of the land. Its mountains rise higher than Mont Blaoe. Its valleys and gorges are unequalled by those of tho Lebanon, tho Pyrenees, or tho Ilymalayas. It has great step pes and immense plains, which rival those of North America or Central As the coloration extended to a con siderable depth, it would be impossi ble to form any adequate conception of their number, still less to calculato it. It is the presence of a similar natural dye which has given to the Red Sea its name. Theso minute objects, however, are by no means confined to the surface of the sea, or to tropical climes they are found in all latitudes and in all waters. The great rivers teem with them. The Ganges transports in the ceurso of one year a mars of invisible infusoria equal in volume to six or eight of the great pyramids of Egypi. Water brought up rom the depth ot 21,600 feet, between the Philippine and the Marianne Island*, was found to oon tain 11G species. Iu tho Arctic re« Chronicle gions, where the intense cold forbids all other animal life, the intusoria aro still to bo found, possesing a har Jy constitution which defies all cli mates. In the residuum of blocks of ice nearly fifteen different species have been discovered. At a depth at the sea which excoeds the height of tho loftiest mountain, Humboldt asserts that thero aro to bo fouud an innumerable phalanx of animals im perceptible to the human eye.—LY MAN ABBOTT, In Harper's Magazine, for May. Practical results of the Eight Hour Plan In New York. The evil results ot tho eight hour movement of last summer, which for uearly eleven weeks paralyzed tho industries of this city, have during the present winter boon severely felt. The exhibit ot our Commis sioners of Charities and Corrections shows that tho nunibors of mdustri ous and unemployed poor craving tho benefit of public charities has been uuusually large, while such sta tistics as havo boon gathered indi cate serious lossos both to employe rs and workmeu, in many branches of trade. It will bo remembered that among tho builders the strike first began, and that, although a certain propor tion of tho employers having unful filled contracts on hand wore coorced into compliance with the demands of their operatives, many preferred to incur tho penalties of their agree ments rather than yield whilo oth ers succeeded tomporizing with Whole their hands until after tho failure of ity of wholo families of States to gether with tho values and produc ing capacity of their lands and the broad and clothing of the great mass of their people. Indeed it is a question of the right of tho people to live. There is no exageralion about this tor, unless relief can come, and access to the markets of our country aud tho world can be secured for tho mighty productions of this Continent, whole populations ot States must either go wholly oat, tho movement was assured. It is probable, therefore, that this trade being tho first affected, suffered with even greater severity, and indeed, bore a greater sharo of tha loss, than any other industry involved in the unfortunate .struggle. This view, we think, m.-.y bo safely based upon a comparison ot the records ot tho bvtilding trade for corresponding pe riods in 1871 an«l 1872, tho tabulated statistics of which we find a pain plIIU ^...J 1. «. cently receivc 1. From May 27th to November 30th in tho first mention ed year, 1,333 edifices were erected and alterations ute in 310 more. Oi these, 528 were first-class struc tures, of an average cost of $18,000 53 factories and work-shops, averag ing $8,000, aud 33 hotels, public buildings and churches, averaging §200,000 each. Tho aggrcgnto sum invested in all tor tho 27 weeks was $25,072,000. Comparing this with the same months in 1872 of first class edifices but 107 of factories, 29 hotels, etc., 16 and altogether but 707 buildiugs, and 287 altera tions were completed, at an aggre gate cost ot $12,821,000. Deducting this total tor 1872, from tho total for 1871, wo havo a result of $12,851,000 which indicatos tho dead loss to city improvements in the twenty Mven weeks. It cannot be urged that the year would havo been a dull one iu any event for tho trade, as tho spring opened with an excellent prospect for a busy fall. During September, (tho principal month for making con tracts), 1871, 10S first-class struo tures wore begun in the samo pori od, in 1872, but 9, one-twelfth as raauy, were undertaken. Here then is nearly thirteen millions ol dollars forced out of the building trade, and into other channels. Estimating la bor at one-half the cost gives $6,425 000 as a dead loss, not to capitalists who can savo themselves by other investments, but to working-men, who have no other support. Almost six and one-half millions in twenty seven weeks—839,363 per day—is the sum these men paid for their strike, and if we should add thereto the ouisido expenses incurred, ol which tho money borrowed for sup port during its continuance, from the various trade associations iu oth er cities, forms no inconsiderable portion, wo should doubtless arrive at a total far in excess of the largest estimates. We find it stated that at the pres ent lime there is but ono fitih the amount of first-class work in this city to be carried over into spring, of that done last year, and that to employ tho same number ot men, and then to average the same quan tity ot labor as they did in 1872, tbero is not four and a halt hours' work per day this season, for each man that is employed in the building trade. Let us add that we notice that re- No., 332 cent daily journals chronicle the fact that tho International society has made its headquarters in New Vork, and is aeekiug to instill into the minds of our workmen the baleful and communistic principles of 1 1 k its organization. It may be well for the men to consider such facts as those abovo stated before joiniug an association, the only object of which is to lead them into further strife, productive ot no other rosults save misery to themselves and families. Scientific American, Letter from Hon. Sam'IShel labargor, of Ohio, on the Railroad Question. SPBixairuLD, O., April 7, '73. ft editor of th* Jiotton Journal qf Commerce: DSAR SIB:—There never WM sub­ mitted to any people any problem affectiug its material interests, of more moment than that ono to which you have so devoted jour journal, namely the seeurement of just and equitablo rates of charge upon, and regulations of, the vast internal com merce of this continental nation. It embraces iu it not merely the ques tions ot deliverance from tho mast ery and corrupting power of nnex ampled aggregations of organized money—tho questions how shall we escape from tho vast balances against us in our money accounts with other nations—from tho resulting stringen cy iu our finances, the advauco in gold—the diminutions of our anuual reductions of public debt—but it embraces also tho growth and pree- am certain, is the dignity of tho quei« tbns you discuss, and whioh nowio move our people. I would never be understood as holding that all the ills to which the productions of this oountry are now injuriously subject ed, are to bo found in the injustice of railroads and other common car riers as theso wrongs by railroads aro. Full and adequato relief will never bo fouud until our people aro educated up to tho appreciations of tho magnitudo ot the wants of our in ternal aud foreign commerce—wants especially 111 tho raeausof cheap, con stant, and adequate transportation, controlled by our own just and equal laws. New water lines, from the heart of the Continent to both oceans, must be created aud kept, by Federal laws, at tho lowest com pensatory rate of charge. So also as lo new and adquate land carriage. All theso combined, and justly regu lated by la»v, as done in all other commercial countries, will bring ns the deliverance which the people now so emphatically demaud, and will, I trust, soon have. Yours turly, S. SELLABAROEB, A Reputed Specific for tfMI Cure of Meningitis. A Michigau correspondent of the Freeport (III.) Bulletin pronounces what is now known as tho cerebro spinal meningitis, now prevailing so extensive and fatally in many parts of the country, as the samo epidemic which raged in Michigan about twen ty five years ago to such au extent, that it actually broke up the Legis lature aud carried to the grave every one whom it attacked the "old fash ioned hemlock sweats were adopt ed," after which every caso was sav ed: Ue says: "Our people sent about twenty five miles distant and procured hem lock boughs, and they sent for' it from all parts of the State. There was a company called the Hook So Ladder Company, and for weeks did nothing night or day but go from house to houso giving hemlock sweats, and it never failed to savo every case. Thorough sweating might do, but there is no mistake about hemlock sweats being a spa clf'c." The St. Louis Republican gives the following question for theoonsid eration of a Kansas lyceum "Which is the butt gad of a £oat

Other pages from this issue: