Iteliigfim d Hlwlarl VOL. I. THE ftISIIWiTIH MUM IS IBHUKO KVKITY FRIDAY MORNING ITY JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR ANI) PROPRIETOR. NnbNcriptlon - $:) OO per Annum, IN ADVANC E. Adicilisintc Italrx: SI|IIHIT, one insertion, 00 Kacli additional insertion I on liiisiucs.s ('arils, per quarter, f> on toy A liberal deduction will lie made in favor t>f those wlio advertise four squares, or upwards, liy the your. JfejY" Notices of births, marriages nntl deaths in ftcrled free. ffcgrHlanks, Kill Heads, Curds, Hills of Fare, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, Are., executed at reasonable rates. OPKICK — 111 Jlarncs's lliiiMing, corner of Main mid First Streets, near the steamboat landing. *riT All communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the cili itor ol the WASIIIMITON KTAMIAIIO. I»OETUY. The Past and Future. The following is the last poetic i llusion of Tom Hood, published in the •• Memorials'' edited-by his daughter, lie had been given up to the •• Kiugof Terrors" by his physicians, and the earth v\as fail ing from his sight, while faith opened the door to that better home: Farewell Life! my senses swim ; And the world is growing dim: Thronging shadows cloud the light, Like the advent of tile night,— Colder, colder, colder still.— I'pward steals a vapor chill— Hlrong the earthy odor grows— I smell the mould above the rose ! Welcome Life! The Spirit strives I Strength returns and hope revives; Cloudy Icars ami shapes forlorn Fly like shadows at the morn, — O'er the earth there comes a bloom— Sunny light for sullen gloom, Warm perfume for vapors cold— I smell the rose above the mould I The Reason Why. l)o you wish to know the reason Why your neighbor often calls On the dashing widow Wilkins, And attends her to the b ills—■ Why his carriage is seen stopping At some noted clothing store, And the widow goes a shopping Where she never went before? ll'yon wish it, I will tell you— Lei me whisper to you sly— If tlicy esteem it proper, It is not your business WHY. Would you like to know the secrets Of your neighbor's house and life? Ilow lie lives, or how lie doesn't, And just how he treats his wife? Ilow he spends his time of leisure, Whether sorrowful or gay, And where he goes for pleasure, To the concert or the play? If you wish it, I will tell you— Let me whisper to you sly— If your neighbor is but civil, It is not your business WHY. IS It E V I T I E S . John Randolph was iy a tavern, ly ing on a sofa in the parlor, waiting for the stage to come to the door. A dan dified cliap stepped into the room with a whip in liuud, just come from adrive, and standing before theniirror, arranged his hair and collar, quite unconscious of the presence of the gentleman on the sofa. After attitudinizing awhile, he turned to go out, when Mr. Ran dolph asked him: "Has the stage come?" "Stage, sir! stage!" said the fop, "I have nothing to do with it, sir." "Oh! I beg your pardon, said Ran dolph quietly; I thought you was the driver. A man whose appearance indicated tlia't ho was staggering from the exces sive weight of a brick in his hat, being asked if lie was a Son of Temperance, replied: "llic—no—no relation—not even an acquaintance." An exchange notices the marriage o Miss Angclinc Brahain, a daughter o the great vocalist, ami adds: " We con gmtulate the bridegroom ui»on hispriv liege of reposing, even on earth, on A. Brabant's bosom." "Some one says that dogs hark with «ueh a zeal when one enters their mas ter's premises, that one would suppose they owned the premises, antl that their master was only a boarder. Mr. G., a clergyman, being recently absent from home, his sou, of four years, was asked to pronounce the blessing. U No," he replied, "I dou't like tho looks of them taters!" Love is like a river—if one channel be obstructed, it seeks another. Kisses and candy given to a child of six, are often meant for a sister of sixteen. The W< •reester (Mass.) Spy chroni cles its 90th birthday, its first number having seen the liyjiit on tho 17th of July, 1770. More tender and more blessed is of ten the broodinginlluenceof the sacred dea-l lit.in the word* of the living. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, NOVEMBER 17, 18(50. The Eepublicau Platform. R Ksobv I:I», That we, tho delegated representatives of the Republican elec tersof the United Stales, in Convention assembled, in the discharge of the duty we owe to our constituents and our country, unite in the following declar ations : FIRST, That the history of the nation during the last lour years fully estab lishes the propriety and necessity of the organization and perpetuation of the Republican party; and that the causes which called it into existence are per manent in their nature, !uid now, more than ever he fore, demand its pcacctul ami constitutional triumph. SKCONI», That the maintenance of the principles promulgated in the Declara tion of Independence, and embodied in the federal constitution, "That all men are created equal; that, they are endow ed by their Creator with certain inalien able rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments art' instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed " —is essential to the pre servation of our republican institutions, and the Federal Constitution, the Rights of the States, and the l T uiou of the States, must and shall be preserved. Tuilio, That to the I'nion of the States this nation owes its unprecedent ed increase in population, its surprising development of natural resources, its rapid augmentation of wealth, its hap piness at home and honor abroad; and we hold in abhorrence all schemes ol disunion, conic from whatever source they may; ami we congratulate the country that no Republican member of Congress has uttered or countenanced the thoughts of disunion, in case ot a popular overthrow of their ascendency, as denying the vital principles of a free government, as an avowal ot contempla ted treason, which it is the imperative duty of an indignant people sternly to rebuke and forever silence. FonsTH, That the maintenance invi olate of the rights of the States, and especially of the right of each State, to order and control its domestic institu tions according to its own judgment ex clusively is essential to that balance of power on which the perfection and en durance of our political fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion bv armed force of the soil of any State or Territory, no matter under whatever pretext, as among the gravest of crimes. FIKTII, That the present Democratic administration has far exceeded our worst apprehensions in its measureless subserviency to the exactions of a sec tional interest, as especially evinced in its desperate exertions to force the infa mous Lccompton Constitution upon the protesting people of Kansas; 111 con structing the personal relation between master and servant is involved an un qualified property in persons; in its at tempted enforcement, everywhere, on laud and sea, through the intervention of Congress, ami the federal courts, of the extreme pretensions of a purely local interest; and its general and un varying abuse of the power entrusted to it. by a confiding people. SIXTH, That the people justly view with alarm the reckless extravagance which pervades every department ot the federal government; that a return to rigid economy and accountability is in dispensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the public treasury by favor ed partisans; while the recent startling developments of fraud and corruption at the federal metropolis, show that an entire change of administration is im peratively demanded. SEVENTH, That the new dogma that the constitution, of its own force, carries slavery into any or all of the Territories of the* United States, is a dangerous po litical heresy, at variance with the ex plicit provisions of that instrument itself, with the eotemporaneous exposition, and with legislative and judicial prece dent, is revolutionary in its tendency, and subversive of the peace and harmo ny of the country. EianTll, That the normal condition of all the territory of the United §tates is that of freedom. That as our Repuli lican fathers, when they abolished sla very in all our national territory, or dained that "No person should bo de prived of liberty, life, or property, with out due process of law," itbeeomes our duty, by legislation, whenever such leg islation is necessary, to maintain this provision of the constitution against all attempts to violate it; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of any individual, to give legal existence to slavery in ally Territory of the United States. ■ NINTH, That we brand the recent ifl opening of the African slave trade, i;B --der the cover of our national flag, aitlfll by perversions of judicial power. aSij crime against humanity and a burning shame to our country and age; and we call upon Congress to take prompt and clHcicnt measures for the total and final suppression of that execrable traflic. TENTH, That in the recent vetoes, hv their federal governors, of the acts of the legislatures of Kansas and Nebraska, prohibiting slavery in those territories, we find a practical illustration of the boasted dentrxTatic principles of non intervention and popular sovereignty, embodied ill the Kansas-Nebraska bill and a demonstration of the deception and fraud involved therein. I'ii.KVKNTIi, That Kanstis, should of right, be immediately 'admitted as a State under the constitution recently fortned and adopted by her people, and accepted hy the House of Representa tives. TWKI.FTH, That, while providing rev enue for the support of the general gov ernment by duties upon imports, sound policy requires such an adjustment of these imports as to encourage the de velopment of the industrial interests of the* whole country; and we commend that policy of national exchanges which secures to* the working men liberal wa ges, to agriculture remunerating prices, to mechanics ami manufacturers au ad equate reward for their skill, labor and enterprise, and to the nation commer cial prosperity ami independence. TIIIUTKENTII, That we protest against any sale or alienation to others of pub lic' lauds held by actual settlers, and against any view of the free homestead policy which regards the settlers as paupers or suppliants for public liouuty, and we demand the passage by Con gress of the complete ami satisfactory homestead measure which has already passed the House. FOI UTKENTII, That the National Re publican party is opposed to any change iu our naturalization laws, or any State legislation by which the rights of citi zenship hitherto accorded to emigrants from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired; and in favor of giving a lull and efficient protection to the rights of all classes of citizens, whether native or naturalized, both at home and abroad. FIFTEENTH, That appropriations by Congress for River and Harbor im provements of a national character re quired for the accomodation and securi ty of an existing commerce, are author ized by the Constitution, and justified by the obligation of government to pro tect flic lives ami property of its citizens. SIXTEENTH, That a railroad to the Pacific ocean is imperatively demanded by the interests of the whole country; that the federal government ought to render immediate and efficient aid in its construction; and that, as prelimi nary thereto, a daily Overland Mail should be promptly established. SEVENTEENTH, Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive princi pies and views, we invite the co-operation of all citizens, however differing on other questions, whosulwtautially agree with us iu their affirmance ami support. MYSTERY OF THE AMEIIICAN LAKES.— Lake Erie is only 00 or 70 feet deep, but the bottom of Lake Ontario, which is , r >!>2 feet deep, is 230 feet lielow the tide level of the ocean, or as low as most parts of the (Julf of St. Lawrence, and the bottoms of Lake Huron, Mich igan and Superior, although their sur face is so much higher, are all, from their vast depth on a level with the bot tom of Lake Ontario. Now, as the discharge through the river Detroit, after allowing for the full prohaHlc portion carried off by evapo ration, does not appear by any means equal to the quantity of water which the three upper great lakes receive, it has been conjectured that a subterra nean river may run from Lake Superior to Huron ami to Lake Ontario. This conjecture is by no means improbable, ami accounts for the singular fact that salmon and herring are caught in all the lakes communicating with the St. Lawrence, but in no others. As tho falls of Niagara must have always exist ed it would puzzle tho naturalists to say how these fish got into the upper lakes without some such subterranean river; moreover, any periodical obstruc tion of the river would furnish a not improbable solution of the flux uud in flux of the lakes.—[Ex. Mr. Elias Howe, Jr., who has made nearly half a million dollars out of his sewing machine patent, is press ing a renewal of the same, it being about to ex pi ro. It strikes us that he has already made enough, and we hope he will not succeed.
RKMKMRKR —On the heels of folly treadeth 'shame —at the back of anger btaudctli remorse. The Republicans of Boston celebrat ed Thomas Jefferson's Birthday on the 13th of April, Among those in vited to be present was the lion. Abra ham Lincoln, who responded in a let ter of great power ami remarkable fe licity of expression. We thought at the time that of all the political letters we had IVer read, it was the most point ed and most forcible, and our great sur prise is that up to this time, so far as we have observed, it, has not been re published. After diligent search among some old "clippings" we have succeed ed in finding it, and with peculiar pleas ure lay it before out;' readers. It is a platform in itself, worthy of the en dorsements of all who believe in the fundamental doctrines of Free Govern nient as taught by Thomas Jefferson: OENTI.EMKN: —Your kind note, invit ing me to attend a festival at Boston, «>n the Pith inst., in honor of the birtli dav of Thomas Jefferson, was duly re ceived. My engagements are such that I cannot attend. Bearing iu mind that about seventy years ago two great po litical parlies were formed iu this coun try; that Thomas Jefferson was the head of one of them, and Boston the head quarters of the other, it is both curious ami interesting that those supposed to descend politically from the party op posed to Jefferson, should how be cele brating his birlliday in their own orig inal seat of empire, while those claim ing political descent from him have nearly ceased to breathe his name evervwhere. Remembering, too, that the Jeffer son party was formed upon its sup posed superior devotion to the person al rights of men, holding the rights of property to be secondary onlv, and greatly inferior, ami then assuming the so called Democracy of to-day are the Jefferson, and their opponents the anti- JeH'erson parties, it will be equally in teresting to note how completely the two have changed grounds as to the princi ples upon which they were originally supposed to be divided. flic Democracy of to-day hold the liberty of one man to be absolutely nothing, when in conflict with another man's right of property. Republicans, oil the contrary, are both for the man ami the dollar, but in ease of conflicts the man before the dollar. I remember being once much amused at seeing two partially intoxicated men engaged in a light wifii their great coats on, which light, after a long and rather harmless contest, ended iu each having fought himself out of his own coat ami into thai of the other. If the two lead ing parties of this day are identical with the two in the days of Jefferson and Adams, tlicy have performed the same feat as the two drunken men. But soberly, it is now no child's play to save the principles of Jefferson from the total overthrow of this nation. One would state with great confi dence that he could convince any sane child that the simple propositions of Kuclid are true; but nevertheless, he would fail, with one who should deny the definitions ami axioms. The prin ciples of Jefferson are the definitions and axioms of free society. And yet they are denied and evaded, with no small show of success. One dashingly calls them "glittering generalities."— Another bluntly styled them "self-evi dent lies." And others insidiously ar gue that they apply only "to superior races." Tlit >so expressions, differing in form, are identical in object ami effect—the supplanting the principles of free gov ernment, ami restoring those of classi fication, caste, ami legitimacy. They would delight a convocation of crowd ed heads plotting against the people. They are the vanguard, the sappers and miners, of returning despotism. We must repulse them, or they will subju gate us. This is a world of compensations; and lie who would he no slavo must con sent to have no slave. Those who deny.froedoni to others deserve it not for themselves; ami, under a just God cannot long retain it. All honor to Jefferson—the man who, iu the concrete pressure of a struggle for national independence hy a single people, hail the coolness, forecast, and capacity to introduce intoa merely revo lutionary document au abstract, truth applicable to all men and all times, and so to embalm it there, that to-day, ami iu all coining days, it shall be a rebuke ami a stumbling block to the harbin gers of re-appearing tyranny and op pression. \ our obedient servant, A. LINCOLN. Mco..r». 11. L. PIF.RCE, and others. jgbjjrTo -are i - to earn. Prom the Augusta (Me.) Journal. Letter from Abraham Lincoln. Si'itiNUFiELD, 111., April (5, 1800. How the President Lives. A correspondent of the Boston Cou rier furnishes au interesting account of the President's mansion and his mode of life, from which we extract the fol lowing paragraph: To a large majority of the strangers to the federal metropolis, who visit Washington, there is no object which excites so much attention as the Exe cutive Mansion. The truth is, that up to the time of Mr. Polk, the White House was decently furnished. Con gress then made an appropriation which being judiciously expemied, improved things somewhat. After that, no con siderable appropriation was made till the vcar 1858, when some fifty thou sand dollars were appropriated for heat ing, ventilating, painting, enlarging, and refurnishing the house. The silver in the house, I am told, is mostly that bought iu Paris during the administration of Mr. Monroe. There are but two or three pictures in the house. One in the red mom, a portrait of Washington, which was cut from tin' frame ami secured by Mrs. Madi son when Washington City was occu pied by the British in the war of 1812; another, iu the President's oflice, a por trait of Bolivar, the South American patriot. There are no household orna ments about the house, except vases scattered here and there on mantles, and articles brought from Japan hy Commodore Perry. The White House, in a word, is furnished more like a ho tel than a first class residence. There are articles of use iu abundance, rich ami massive, hut no articles of art or adornment. The President receives twenty-five thousand dollars salary. . Next, he re ceives a house, garden, and stables, free of exjtense. The house is furnished and the garden is cultivated by the government. Every article of furni ture necessary to be supplied hy the United States. The government also lights and heats the house. It pays for stewards to take care of the public property, and a fireman, ami for no oth er domestic servants. The Executive oflice is in the Executive mansion, and for the former the government provides a private secretary, clerks to the secre tary, two messengers ami a porter. — For all domestic servants, however, ex cept steward ami fireman, the Presi dent must pay out of his own pocket lie must pay for his cooks, his butler, his stable servants, female servants, coachman, grooms, &c., as any other person does when he employs such a retinue of servants. He supplies his table, with the exception of garden vegetables, as any other private citizen does, hy his own purse. So with his stables. In short, the only things fur nished by government are houses and furniture, fuel and lights, steward and fireman, garden vegetables and flowers. All else is matter of private expense. With these items sis basis tor calcula tion, any gentleman who keeps eight een or more servants of both sexes, who keeps a stable with horses, as does Mr. Buchanan, who dines persons Itcsidcs his own family every day, and once a week gives a dinner to forty invited guests, can form some notion how much out of twenty-five thousond dol lars remain at the end of tho year.— (Most of our Presidents, however, con trive to save money during their term of office.) LITERARY CURIOSITY.—A real litera ry curiosity has l»een brought to light iii the revival of the Book of Vaga bonds and Beggars, with a Vocabulary of their Language, originally edited hy Martin Luther in 1. r >2B, in the most stormy periods of his life, to warn his readers against the artifices of this class of rogues (among whom he probably had an eye to tho begging Friars), and now translated and edited hy the pub lisher, Mr. J. Camden Hotten, an in telligent old liookscller of London. jor»Tlic present population of Da huqtie, lowu, is 18,000. Three years ago it was 17,000; but all western cities and towns, for two or three years past, have suffered considerable cutting down in their population. A widow said one day to her daugh ter, " When you are of my ago you 'vill be dreaming of a husband." "Yes, mamma," replied tho thoughtless hns sey, "for the second time." A young carpenter having been told "that the course of truelovo never did run smooth," took his plane under his arm when lie went courting. Boston litis caught the Central Park fever, and is engaged in prepar ing a Public Garden at tlio expense of §IOO,OOO. ANECDOTE.— Colonel Dfck Jfadrtell* a rich story about "axing for few" in his earlier day. He was deeply swritteir with the daughter of a wealthy old skin flint residing in Alabama. The colonel, self-confident of MIOOBM. arrayed himself in his best suit, proceeded to call on the "parient," for the purpose of obtaining the consent to the consummation he de voutly wished. Matters had all along gone on smoothly. Colonel Nash had every ground to hope for success. Fi nally a convenient season arrived tor liinr to approach the old 'un ; says the colonel: "Squire, my business to-dav ia to ask you tor your daughtera hand. "It is, is it? What? you many my gal? Look here, young man, leave my premises instanter, and if you ever set foot here again I'll make my r.iggera skin you. Marry my daughter, indeed I y ou had " The colonel had left. He saw the old gentleman was angrv. After get ting off to a safe place he thought he would turn and take a last fond look at the home of his lost idol—when he spied the old man busy with spade in hand, shoveling up his tracks from the yard and throwing them over the fence! 'Col onel Nash imagined that he was an un welcome visitor at the house. A CHINESE HELL.—A correspondent of the Baltimore American thus descri bes a representation of the punishment of the wicked, after death, according to the Budhist theology, which he wit* nessed in the suburbs of Canton: "After a walk of about a mile we came to the 'Temple of Horrors.' This is u horrible place—that is, the scenes are hideout*. The intention is to represent what a bad man would suffer after death. It is composed of ton different groups of statuary made of clay, and many of them nrc crumbling to pieces. The first rep resents the trial of man—he is surrouuil ed by his family and friends, who are try in;; to defend him; the second, wherelio is condemned, and given over to the ex ecutioners; in the third, he is undergoing a semi-transformation; from the man to the brute; fourth, where he is put into a mill, with his head downwards, and is I wing ground up—his dog is by the sido of the mill licking up his blood; in the fifth scene he is placed between two lK»ards, and is being sawed down length wise; sixth, he is underalarge bell w nich is rung until the concussion kills him; seventh, the man is placed upon a table, and two men are paadling or spanking him with huge wooden paddles; eighth, he is upon a rack, and toe executioners arc tearing his flesh with fed hotpinchers; ninth, lie is in a cauldron ofboiling lard; the tenth scene represents him upon a gridiron, undergoing the process of roast ing. In all these scenes his fiunily are present; also alarge figure who reprasents the judge, executioners, little devils, and various instruments of torture." John Randolph was one of the most naronfltic men that ever lived. One time a young man atempted to make his ac quaintance. He obtained an introduc tion, and among the firet remarks said, — "I pawed your house lately, Mr. Ran dolph." "I hope you always will!" was the reply. An other one twitted him as to his want of education." Randolph said in reply,— "The gentleman reminds me of tho lands about the head waters ofthe Mont gomery, which are poor by nature, and cultivation entirely ruined them." A Lova STORY IN BUST.— In the Lou isann lowlands lived lovely Lucy Leslie. Levi Larkins loved Lucy lavishly. Luey loved Levi largely likewise, Levi lassoed Lucy; Lumkins legal lumnhead, lashed tho lovers together, and lots of little Larkinses leapt limberly long the lump kins,lending loud luster to the land and likewise causing lively pleasure to the hearts of Levi and Lacy Larkins. THB RROM COORTBOUS.—A thick headed squire, being worsted by Sydney Smith in an argument, took hiarevenge by exclaiming,— "If I had a son who was an Idiot, by Jove, I'd make him a.parson." "Veiy probably," replied Bydney, "hut I see your fktnerwas of a different mind." m a j One of the wealthiest men in Cincin nati never uses an envelope in sending a lotter if ho has a blank spaoe sufficient on the original sheet to properly told and direct it He don't believe in squan dering his money in envelopes at twen ty-live cents a hundred! BST An American hay cntter took the first prize and a gold medal at the exhibition of forming machines, in Paris, a few months ago. (loLDfcN RULE —Mind your business. NO.l. yosi