Wmlwilw fIS Stoiiarl VOL. I. HIE WASHIMiTOX STANDARD. IS ISSI KI) EVEKV FHIDAV MOKNISO BY JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Subscription-#!* OO per Annum, IX ADVANCE. AdvrrtiNlnß Rate*: One Square, one insertion, $3 00 Knoll additional insertion 1 00 Husiness Cards, per quarter, 5 00 A lilioril deduction will he made in favor ul ili.i-o who advertise lour squares, or upwards, In the vcar. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in serted free. f„-vy I'.lanks, Rill Heads, Cards, Rills of Fare, Circulars. Catalogues, Pamphlets, &e., executed ni reasonable rates. OKKIOK —In Itarnes's Huilding. corner of Main and I'irst Streets, near the steamboat landing. communications, whether on business or inr publication should be addressed to the cdi iiur ol the WASHINGTON STANDARD. P<)KT 11 Y . SiItATOGA. ' Pray, what do they do at the Springs?" The question is easy to ask, itiil to answer it fully, my dear, Wore rather n serious task. And yet in a bantering way, As the magpie or mocking-bird sings, I'll venture a bit of a song, To tell what they do at the Springs. Imprimis, my darling they dripk The waters so sparkling ana clear; Though the flavor is none of the best, Ami the odor exceedingly queer; IWt tin- fluid is mingled you know, With wholesome medicinal things, An I they drink, and they drink, anil they drink; And thut's what they do at the Springs. Tln'ii with appetites ke:-ii as a knife, Tin y liiif lcn to breakfast or dine j (The former precisely at three; The I.liter precisely at nine.) '■ Vc £.i I-! what a rustle and rush When the eloquent dinner-Judl rings 1- Then thev eat, and they eat; and they eat — And tli.it's what they do at the Springs. \'i,w t• i,-y stroll in the beautiful walks, Or 1,-ii in the shade of the trees; Where many a whisper is heard That never is told by the breeze; An I hands are commingled with hands, I! •iardless of conjugal rings; A I ihey tlirt, and they flirt, and they flirt, Aicl that's what they do at the Springs 1 Tli ■ dr iwing-roonH now arc ablaze, A i I inn tie is shrieking away; T> ••p-dchorc governs the hour. And Fashion was never so gay! An arm round a tapering waist— How closely and fondly it clings; So thev waltz, and they wait*, and they waltz— And that's what they do at the Springs. hi short—as it goes inthe world— They eat, they drink, and they sleep; They talk, and they walk, and they woo; They sigh, and they laugh, and they weep, Thev read, and they ride, and they dance; (With other unspeakable things;) Thev pray, and they play, and they PAY — And that's what they do ut the Springs 1 —Jons G. SAXK. HItEVI T I K S . IN one of Alexander Smith's "City Poems" occurs the expression: "A sigh and a curse together." Mr. Punch says that it was evidently cabbaged from Sir Walter Scott, who said, in recording the death of a char- ger: '• And draws his last breath by the aide of hisdam. Ax Indiana paper says that during a trial in Lawrence court, a young lad, who was called as a witness, was asked if he knew the obligations of an oath, mid where he would go, if he told a lie. .Hi; said he supposed "he should go wliore all the lawyers go." THE bridal veil originated in the cus tom of performing the nuptial ceremo ny under a square piece or cloth, held over the bridegroom and bride, to con e-oil the blushes of the latter. At the in-irriage of a widow, it was dispensed with. TIIERE is a sadness of feeling beyond the power of the tongue to express, when memory reverts to happier days gone by, and brings them to a compar ison with the present of bitterest Woe! A DOWN EAST editor says he has SEEN the contrivance our lawyers use when tlicy "warm up with a subject." He says it is a glass concern, and holds about a pint. TiiKcensus returns of 1860 already re ceived at Washington from Illinois clearly indicates the total population of that St te to be 1,800,000 against 851, 000 in 1858. IT is stated that the power of the steamship Great Eastern is equal to the water power that drives the mills at Lowell, Mass. Ax Albany man advertises for his runaway wife, who "is but 15 years of a,:;*', of a loving disposition, and had on three rattan hoops." Do XOT mistake a tendency for a tal ent ; nor conclude that what von dislike to <lo, is not rightfully demanded of you. XOW-.V-I>AYS an office-holder is not turned <>nt, —he "has his resignation tvu'losvd to hiiu." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, NOVEMBER 23,1860. MIS O ELL AN Y . Mr! Yancey and Parson Brownlow on the Stump. The Knoxville (Tenn) Whiff, Parson Brownlow's paper, ofthc 22d Sept. has an editorial ifport of the reception of Mr. Yancey, and the meeting attend ant, both of which took place on the Tuesday previous. From this report the following passages are taken: "Hon. "Win. L. Yancey arrived at our depot, on Tuesday morning, hav ing with him his family, among whom is a son grown. lie was met with l\vo carriages and a music wagon, and es corted to the Lamar House, by a very small crowd, three-fourths of whom were Hell and Everett men, attracted by the fame of the distinguished visit or. He quietly entered the hotel, and nothing was said, pro or con, the in tense Southern Democracy feeling that they had made a failure!* But, at the hour of twelve, the crowd repaired to a lot in the north-western portion of the city, where a stand was erected under a very large oak tree, intending the shade of the one tree to accommodate the audience, as it did for the most part. There was about three or four hundred persons on the ground, a ma jority of whom were .Hell men. Mr. 'Vancev was introduced to the audience by John 11. Crozier, the same man who had four weeks previously repudi ated Yancey at Louisville, in Blount County, ami stilted to the audience, that Yancey was an extreme man, and the Democracy of Tennessee were not to be held responsible for his ultra opinions. Mr. Yancey spoke three hours and a half, and except the time he occupied in making war upon Hell, he was for the most part engaged in defense of himself, and his own politi cal record, against what he was pleased to style the slanders and falsehoods of the Hell and Douglas press and orators. He is a fluent speaker, with a good voice, tin execs* of vanity, and a large sprinkle of the demagogue. He makes an ingenious speech, interspersed with a good degree of recklessness, but by 110 means meets the expectations of strangers. We will not attempt a re port of the speech, but we will give some of the points he made, and these we promise to state lie stated that white women at the North stand over the wash-tub, and cook— that white men black boots ami drive carriages, and perform all other menial services; while at the South, where we were more elevated, we make negroes perform these degrading duties ! This was a most unfortunate hit for this lat itude. It might do in South Alabama, or the wealthy portions of tho Cotton States. Hut every tenth man he wtis speaking to did not own a negro; while the wives and daughters of nine tenths of all who heard him, wash, cook, ami milk cows, without ever sus pecting that they were performing me nial services ! Kvcn our enterprising townsmen, Lackey ami Hanks, who drove their carriages out to the depot, and again to the speaking, never sup posed they were less elevated than those who were riding in their carriages. And verily, if this aristocratic South ern party desire no votes from that class who black their own boots, and drive their own carriages and wagons, their share in East Tennessee wdl be small. No wonder that Gov. Johnson said Yancey was a bad egg, and de clined associating with him in a public debate. He next pitched into Douglas, and stated that to And him you must penetrate the bowels of a whisky bar rel. Douglas even had the impudence to come to the South to make speech es. Nay, he dared enter where angels fear to tread, and had falsified the re cords of the country. As Mr. Yancey was about to conclude, ami it was ap parent to all present that he would not deflne his position as it regarded the [lossible election of Lincoln, tis Dong as had nobly done at Richmond and Norfolk, a former State Senator of Knox, a practising physician, our Dis trict Elector, and the* writer, sent up to the stand by Mr. Mauley, the fol lowing note: MR. YANCEY— If Lincoln should bo elected, would you consider TICAT a sutHcient cause fordissolvingthe Union, or would you be for resisting his inau guration t Respectfully, W. G. BROWNLOW, WM. ROPUERS, S. R. RODC.ERS, O. P. TEMPLE, J. M. FI.EMINO. "This note was handed to John 11. Crozier, and Dr. Ramsey, the Trustee of the celebrated Bank of East Tennes see, who indignantly refused to hand it to Yancey, and returned it to Man ley, whereupon the latter, in front of the stand, propounded the question.— These dignified brothers-in-law, and experienced financiers, called for the ; note, and turned it over to Yancey. — Mr. Yancey then called out for tlic gentlemen, by name, who hud signed ] the note he held in his hand—told them j to come upon the stand, and he would ; answer their questions. We all moitn- j ted the stand. lie asked us if wo were j all for Bell ? We promptly replied we j were. " Then," said he, with a flour ish of trumpets, and pointing to the floor of the stand, "you are now on a better platform than you were ever on in your lives," and thereupon the Breck inridge Democracy shouted aloud ! Turning to us (Parson Hrownlow), standing, as we did all the time, just at his left hand, he inquired, "Arc you willing to stand where Mr. Hell does, and will you endorse what he says in reply to the question you propound to me?" We replied, "yes, I endorse all Hell has said, and Igo further than he has gone. 1 am one of a numerous party at the South, who will, it even Lincoln shall be elected under the forms of our Constitution, and by the authority of law, without committing any other offense, than being elected, force the vile Disunionists and Seces sionists of the South TO PASS OVKU OI K DEAD KOIMESON TltKllt WAY TO WASH INGTON TO IUIKAK IP Tilts (IOVKIINMKNT!" Mr. Yancey then resumed his speech, singled us out as his man for the occa sion, and went on to"catechise us, and to express his astonishment that he had met with one Southern man, a na tive of the .'outli, who was willing to plunge a Northern bayonet into the breast of a Southern brother! We in terrupted him for a moment, and said : " This is nothing new in this commu nity—l have published this to the world in my journal!" " Yes," replied Mr. Yancey, "and you have published a great many things about Democrats that you ought not to have published !" This elicited the loud applause of his partisans, and as soon a.» t.'.ev subsided, we replied: " Yes, and we have both said and done things for which we ought to have been hung." We were not applauded! 11c did not ask us what savings and doings we alluded to, or we should have told him his trea sonable Slaughter letter, and his wick ed murder of his uncle. Dr. Karlc, in South Carolina, some years ago, at a race-track, had entitled him to pull hemp without foothold ! Mr. Yancey turned to Isaac Lewis, an aged Demo crat on the stand, and asked him in an undertone if this were I'ftrson Rrown low, for he had never met with us be fore. Lewis told him it was, very sig nificantly, and thereupon Yaneev turn ed to us and delivered a pious lecture upon the duties of a preacher to prcaeh peace, and not stir strife, and alluded HI such terms to ministers meddling in politics as to suit the carfo of Col. Tay lor also, although no mention was made of his name. The Democrats shouted, and Yancey thanked both ladies and gentlemen for the patience with which they had listened to him for four hours. Yielding the stand, and the crowd call ing for Hrownlow, we took our stand at the table, and delivered substantially this speech: " FELLOW CITIZENS : I talk badly, as many of you know, having been aHlie tcd with a disease of the throat for two years, but I will ask your kind indul gence while I reply to one or two points raised here to-day. The gentle man who has just taken his seat com plains of being interrupted ami disturb ed. 1 will say on behalf of myself and the gentlemen associated with me, that we intended no interruption or insult by the simple question we propounded, and therefore we couched it in as cour teous language as we knew how to use. We supposed he would have the cour age to answer a direct question, in which is involved the real issues in this contest, lie promised to do so, but has failed, and dodged behind the Legislature of his State, lie invited us all upon this stund, propounded his interrogatories to us, and we met them promptly, fully, and without reserve, lie has admonished me as to the duties of preachers, and quoted Scripture up on me. lam familiar with the Bible, and have been for a number of years, but while he was. delivering his exhor tation, when I would consider the source it was from, I could not call to mind any but one passage, and that was ringing in my ears all the time, to-wit: 4 Get thee behind me, Satan !' But (lie gentleman does not seem to know that the very man that informed him that I am a preacher, is himself a reverend Old Loeofoeo Federal office holder ! The party with which this gentleman acts should be guarded in their remarks about preachers and their connection with politics. Two of the Breckinridge electors in this State— the one for the Knoxville District, and another for the S.ate at large, are—not preachers, but ex-parsons, both of them having been turned out of the ministry for lying, or carrying out the princi ples of the party 1" "To this very short speech of ours, Mr. Yancey said: "The audience will not expbet me to dignify this thing with a reply ; " and so the crowd dis persed. The Democrats exulted, and claimed a great victory, and we accord to them all the consolation they can derive from the labors of the dav." %> Important to Pre-emptors. We have been kindly furnished by Hon. Isaac AY. Smith, Register of the Laud Office, the following requisites of proof to entitle a settler to a pre-emp tion right. It conies accompanying an instruction of the Commissioner of the (Seneral Land Office, dated September *2B, We, [or I] A. H. and C. D., do sol emnly swear, that we [or I] I lave been acquainted with, K. F., applicant, for one year; that he is a citizen of the I'nited States, [or if a foreigner by birth has filed his declaration of intentions, &c., &c.,] is the head of a family, con sisting of his wife and [;"»] children, [or single man, as the case maybe,] that he was a citizen [or, had declared bis in tentions, &e..] when he commenced the settlement described below, and is an inhabitant of the quarter of Section Xo. of Township No. north of Wauge No. and that*no other per son resided upon the said land entitled to the right of pre-emption. That the said E. K. entered upon and made a settlement in person on the said land, since the day of IS ,to wit, on the day of 18 ; that he has erected a dwelling house on said land and moved into it with his family, household goods and furniture, consist ing of beds, bedding, chairs, taldes, etc. [here give a minute description of his effects] and has lived in the said house, and made it his exclusive home, from the day of 18 , till the present time. That he did not remove* from his own land, within the Territory of to make the settlement above referred to: and that he has since said settlement ploughed, fenced, and cultivated about acres of land. Thedwellinghouse, [here describe with particularity, the following being the illustration by the Commissioner:] isa frame building two stories high, with shingle roof, four doors, six glass windows, ami six rooms; he has also a barn, corn-crib, stables, and other out-buildings, of the value of one thousand dollars. NOTE. —The instruction of the Com missioner is to insert a full and minute de seription ot his improvements, their value, &e., &e., iu order that the Land Office may have an opportunity to de termine the settler's good faith by his acts. As a matter of public interest, espe cially to pre-einptors, we insert the fol lowing letter of the Register of Lauds at Warsaw, Mo., to the Commission er of the General Land Office, and the reply thereto: Srr: Much of the land in this district, ii| !. /hich pre-emption claims have been tiled during the pastthreo months have been and are being entered by speculators without any regard to pre emptors' rights. These entries are mostly made by the location of land warrants by non-residents of the State of Missouri. Now, as your instructions to this office require a prc-cmptor, in case of a contest, to give notice in wri ting to the contestants of the time of his application to prove up his settle ment and right to his pre-emption, liow shall he give this.notice when the con testant is a non-resident of the State? Shall the prc-cmptor be required to travel live hundred or a thousand miles to serve a notice on the man who has entered his land with a full knowledge of the pre-emption claim? Or, must the pre-emptor incur the expense of publishing a notice in a newspaper? If so, how many weeks? Should the prc cmptor be required to give any notice, in such cases, to a non-resident-of the State, who has entered such land after the tiling of the pro-emptor's declarato ry statements? As quite a number of contests of this character are anticipated at this office, I solicit your instructions as to the kind of notice and manner of service, and particularly iu case of non-resident con testants. IMPOSITION OF WITNESSKS. WAIIHAW, (MO.) November 27, 1857. Respect fully, >l. L. iIiiAXS, Register. Gkneiul Land Office, 1 December 0, 1857. j SIB: Your letter of 27th ult., in ref erence to notice to adverse claimants, has been received, and I have to say in reply that the notice required to be served upon adverse claimants in the instructions from this office dated 16th September, 1841, does not apply to per sons who have purchased laud at pri vate sale or location, subsequent to the date of settlement bv a pre-emption claimant on thesamefand; but to those only who claim it by pre-emption. If a person enters at private sale or location a parcel of land after the in choate right of pre-emption has attached thereto in virtue of a bona fide settle ment, he does so at his own risk, with a full knowledge of such pre-existing right, and his entry is merely condi tional, and of no force or validity, ex cept on the failure of the pre-emption claimant to consummate his claim. If such pre-emption claimant proceeds in the usual manner to bringhimselfwith in the legal requirements, he is entitled to make his proof and payment without being required to give notice of time and place to any subsequent purchaser by private entry or location, whether he be resident or non-resident of the State or Territorv where the land lies. Should two or more persons claim by pre-emption, and file declaratory statements for the same land, they are the adverse claimants contemplated by the instructions aforesaid; and when one seeks to prove up his claim, he should be required to give to the others due notice of the same, or show by sat isfactory proof to the Register and Re ceiver, that his adversaries have aban doned their claims. Respectfully, &c., Tuos. A. HENDRICKS, Com'r. Important Opinion from Mr. Lincoln before hi» Nomination. Wo eopv the following because at this time it must have an important I 0.1 ring upon the Presidential election. It is taken from a speech made by MR. LINCOLN, at Leavenworth Kansas, while the contest was going on for Speaker of the present U. 8. House Representa tives: " You Democrats greatly fear that the success of the Republicans will destroy the Union. Why? Do the Repulicans declare against, the Union? Noth ing like it! Your own statement of it is," that if the Black Republicans electa President, you won't stand it! You will hreak up the Union. That will he your act, not ours. To justify it, you must show that our policy gives you just cause for such desperate action. Can you do that ? When you attempt it, you will Hud our policy is exactly the policy of the men who made the Union, noth ing more, nothing less. Do you think you are justified to hreak up the Gov ernment rather than to have it adminis tered as Washington, and other good and great men who made it, and who first administered it? If you do, yon are very unreasonable, and more reason aide men cannot, and will not, submit to vou. While we elect a President, it will be our duty to see that you submit. Old John Brown has been hung for trea son against a State We cannot object, even though slavery is wrone. That cannot excuse violence, bloodshed, and treason. It could avail him nothing that be might think himself right. So, if constitutionally we elect a President, and therefore yoil undertake to destroy the Union, it will be our duty to deal with you as old John Brown has been dealt with. We can only do our duty. We hope and lielieve that in no section will a majority so act as to render such extreme measures necessary." Governor Ashbel P. Willard, of In diana, died in St. Paul, Minn., whither lie had gone for his health, on the sth. The demise of the Governor was an ticipated; the hand of death was upon iiim, and slowly but steadily he has been declining. However painful it may be, wo are compelled to record his death as another warning to the youth of the country to abstain from the use of ardent spirits, for Gov. Willard con tracted that vice long ago, and it un doubtedly led to the disease of which he died. The deceased was a man of strong sympathies, and unbending de votion to his friends. lie was one of the most talented and able of the ])em ocratie politicians of the West, and has long maintained a distinguished repu tation in Indiana as a lawyer. He was, it is said, a native of New York, where lie married Miss Cook, sister of ono of the unforunate Harper's Ferry victims. fitjp The population of St. Louis is 110,000. The papers have all along claimedjthat the figures would run up to 180,000 to 100,000. Gallant Conduct Tlie Ship Mayflower, Captain Wil liam Chatfield, on the passage front Boston, bound to Am Francisco, when oft' Cape IfoTYi, on the 31st of May, 1859, saw a barque to the windward, showing a signal of distress. The SJfip was under double-reefed fore and main topsails, a close-reefed niizen topsail, reefed courses and fore topmast stay sail by the wind, and about three mile# to the leeward of the barque. Captain Chatfield immediately hauled his can vass up and hove his ship to, and the barque kept off before the wind, but steering badly. As she crossed the course of the Mayflower, her captain reported that she was half full of water, and that all her boats had been Washed away. The sea was very high at the time, and tlie wind blowing almost a gale, but Captain Chatfield, without a moment's hesitation, hoisted his best boat out, and sent his chief mate, Mr. James Scaver* of Chelsea, and four seamen in her, to rescue the crew of the barque. The boat made two trips, and succeeded in saving all hand*, fourteen in number; but such was the force of the sea, that nothing could be saved from the barque, not even her chronometers. When the bo.it was alongside, the men had to watch the roll of the sea, and in the lulls, jump for their lives. In this arduous task, thoughjin-inagod with eousummate skill, the boat was stove alongside of the barque, in her hist trip. The barque was the British l'riile, of Arbroath (Scot land), Captain Simpson, bound from Pe ru, with guano, for Cork. A few days before she encountered a tremendous gale, which blew away most of her sails; she shipped several heavy sea.% which swept awav her boat#, stove her bulwarks and caused her to spring a leak. The men stood to tho pumps, contending against an increas ing leak, until she <vaj half full of wa ter and aim ~st unmanageable. "When running to leeward, she could hardly bo steered within eight points, and every time she heeled, her crew feared she would founder. Capt. Chatfield sup plied theiit with clothing and rendered them every attention within Ins power. A few hours after their vessel was aban doned she rolled over and disappeared. On the equator Capt. Chatfielu spoke the Chariot of Fame, and put five of the rescued men on board of her, as his own provisions were rather short Up on the arrival of both vessels at San Francisco the British Consul took charge of the shipwrecked seamen, who pub lish a card of thanks to Captain Chat field, his officers and crew, for tho kind ness they had received on board the Mayflower. A few weeks since the Mavflower ar rived at this port, and ChatHcid recoived from the British Government a beautiful silver telescope, with the following in scription on it; —• "Presented by the British Govern ment to Capt. William Chatfield, of the American ship Mayflower, for his kindness and humanity in rescuing the crew of the barque British Pride, of Arbroath, whom he received on board his vessel on the 31st of May, 1859." In addition to thin the British Board of Trade insisted upon paying the own er, Daniel T. Kelly, of Boston, for the expense inclined by the shipwrecked seamen while on lioard of his vessel, but Mr. Kelly refused all compensation. To PREACHERS. —I havo found the following rules to bo of much service to myseltj and respectfully suggest to iny brethren in the ministry the pro priety of testing their merits: Resolve to he brief, as this is an age of tele graphs and stenography.—2. Bo point ed; never prench all around your text without hitting it.—Bd. State your propositions plainly, but do not atop long to particularize.—l. Avoid long introductions, but plunge into your ser mon like a swimmer into coid water. 5. Condense; make sure that you have an idea, and (hen speak it out, in the plainest and shortest possible terms.- <>. Avoid all high-flown language; quote no Hebrew nor Greek; aim to be simply u preacher.—Bo honost enough to own that you do avail your self of help from any source. But, in using helps, be sure you never make stilts of them, when your own legs aro far better.—B. Expect the Father's bless ing; you are his servant, and can do nothing without it.—9. Stop when you aro done.—Among the rnnnv rules given the preacher, I have found it con venient to adopt the above, as being such as were protitahle to me. And now, my brother, if they will do you any good, you ure welcome to them. —[(jeorge C. Bancroft. jfeS"" Wellington City contains 61,. 400 inhabitants. NO. 2.