Newspaper of The Washington Standard, 23 Kasım 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated 23 Kasım 1860 Page 2
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THEN.IS 111 Mi II) Hm II 111 11. FHIDAY, NoYEMHKIi 2:1, Onr War Debt. On Monday week, December 3d, will commence the second session of the Sltith Congress. In view of this fact, let every citizen of Washington Territory contribute his influence to secure the payment of the Indian War Debt. There is scarce a man who has come hither from any of the States, who has not some friend or acquaintance in one or the other branch ot Congress. A letter written to that member may se cure a vote, may induce a member to urge the consideration of this question, may remove an objection from some member's mind, which has been occas ioned by falsehood, or malignant slan ders heretofore heaped upon our peo ple. The time is now ripe for ACTION. and surely the wants of our people, the of business, the scarcity of money, the universal despondency un der which we have labored, entitle us to consideration; and when better than now to secure to us what has so long been denied? .All we ask isjuere nak ed justice. Remind member or Senator of our claim to protection: remind liim of tlie inducement * to settlement which liad been held out. inviting us to aban • • 1 don the homes ot ournatmty, to rend the ties of kindred and family affection, and as pioneers to carry to this remote j retrion the stand.inl ot' American insti tutions; say to him we willingly in curred the expense and hardship inci dent to a settler in a new country. You who journeyed overland can truthfully allude to the fact that you incurred the risk of that worst of deaths from the savages, lurking on the plains which vou had to traverse, who only coveted favorable opportunities to murder and despoil you, as has been so often the case with those who preceded, and how dreadful I v fatal to those who the past year attempted to he of ll<. Tell that Congressman in unmistakable language ' that government 11:- entirely failed to protect the route "hither, how grossly j unjust therefore to deny its lostering care after the and settlement is made. I rgethat we are citizens of a common country, proud to acknowledge our allegiance, but en titled in return, to its sheltering and protecting hand. Tell them the Fede ral arm was powerless to protect us in ; 3855; that at that time it maintained in the win da Territory a force scarcely ad equate to guard a single military post, much less to carrv on offensive opera • # 1 ations against the Indian Mal-contents. Say that Matticc, Eaton, Fan joy, .Moses, Miles, the victims-of the White river massacre, and a legion of others, were sacrificed in cold blood by Indian per fidv; and that our hands are clear of . i giving any provocation for those dire ful murders of quiet, inoffensive men, women and children. Let it be known that the Agjnt Bolen, a devoted friend of the Indians, while on an official visit, | was baselv murdered bv the Yakimas, * I and lie and his horse together consumed over a slow fire; that by this vile out-! rage that tribe defied the nation, msul- 1 ted its accredited agent, and justly mcr-j ited its retributive wrath. Remind 1 them that the higher law of self-defence \ and self-protection, of the right to life, | impelled our people to righteous war, | in the absence oftliat protection, by those who were under the most sacred obli gations to afford it. The Representatives and Senators; now sitting as judges on our claims, j must be human, and will extend a pa-! tient hearing. We confidently look for an appropriation at the coining ses sion. We look for it because we are entitled to it. We insist upon the pay ment of the debt, as created by the ae-, credited Territorial authorities. Our people believed they possessed the right to incur such a debt, and that the Uni ted States were responsible for the acts of their agents. In good faith they de voted their time and furnished their substance, and further delay is immoral i andimpious. The service was absolutely j essential, the charge for it is perfectly just and reasonable. For years our' people have but asked for a return of, their own. They but ask that their j services shall be compensated, and that too at a much less rate than the current rate of the country; for if we add to • the prices charged, the legal rate of in- j terest of the country for the time they i have been deferred, and every creditor cannot tail to be vastly the loser. The Presidential struggle is now over. Membcr> of Congress are not mm longer needed from their post of duty to engage in the business of President making, or hatching schemes til'seces sion or disunion, or that wilder treason of making a Southern and Pacific COll federa-v, thereby dismembering our glorious national fabric. Uur own Del egate may again hail from the Territory he was elected to represent, and will use i his influence to, urge our claims. lie will undoubtedly be assisted bv the member from Oregon. We now re joice in a full Senatorial representation from Oregon, and the eloquent Col. Ra kcr will certainly IK: influential with the Senators from Republican States, and surelv we may suppose that the Sena tors of those Slates which gave their votes for Lane for \ ice President will credit his Senatorial speeches. The Senators from Oregon,acting as a unit, will demonstrate the belief that this is no party question, and hence partisans ! of every hue will be appealed to, on the ! ground that the payment of this debt is a national duty, which no party dare re pudiate. Let each citizen add his mite in thus urging this matter HO vitally im portant to our Territory. The govern ment has already asserted its liability and recognized its obligation to pay the debt incurred by the Territorial author ! itics. First, in ordering the Commis sion to audit the claims; second, in pay ing the claims, INFI U, of the Hudson's Hay Company: lastly by twice refer ing to the Third Auditor of the Treas ury the claims, to be adjusted and al- lowed. i The payment of the debt is therefore hut a question of time. Another ques tion of vital importance, however, arises, , which is, whether Congress will so re duce our demands as to cut off our people with a shilling, while, by every demand of justice, we are entitled to a pound? Proper representations, made to individual Congressmen. In reliable correspondents, will, in a great measure remove doubt, and secure us from the baneful effects of further delay. Is not the object worthy of the effort? Write the letter. It is an easy task, and if it ! succeed- we are all benefitted. of ll'.sss. Ik'Ia?o;t SuiHfi, The Hon. Delazon Smith died at Portland, at <5 o'clock a. m., Sunday, veiliher IS, fS(>O, aged 44 years. — lie was a native of the State of New York, !>ut emigrated in early life to lowa, where he continued to reside until IS">2, when he came to Oregon, making Linn County his residence.— lie was a zealous Democrat, and serv ed several years in the Territorial Leg islature, having been, at least on one occasion, spcakerof the popular branch, as also a member of the Convention which gave to our sister Oregon her State Constitution, lie was one of her first Senators in Congress, and served a part of the session of IS">{». At the time of his death he was the editor of the Oregon Democrat, which was zealously devoted to the interests of the Lane and Ilreckenridge Democ racy. He was an untiring and un swerving partisan, and has conducted as many canvasses, and 'made as many speeches as any man in Oregon; in those canvasses he of course made ene mies. Whatever may have been said, we are forced to concede that he had brilliant talents, great energy and in dustry, and wrote and spoke boldly, fearlesslv and fluent!v. Let us forget his faults, and the harsh judgment grow ing out of his ardent manner of main taining opinions, we deemed dangerous and wrong. Let us remember what is worthy of admiration in the dead.— We can find many pointsof that strong ly drawn character to admire. r JBfc3 n " A salute of 100 gun* was tired l»y the Republicans at Turn-Wat or, in this County, in honor of the election of Abraham Liueoln President of the United State.?. After the salute a large and enthusiastic delegation marched to Olympia, ringing hells, blowing horns, and attestingtheir joy in every conceiv able manner. We gratefully acknowl edge the serenade to our OtHce, and thank them for their kind compliments. They adjourned with hearty cheers for "honest old Abe," the President elect of the United States. SKXD INTHK XAMKS.—W ill our friends see that the names of those who have subscribed are sent to us at once? Doubtless many who have subscribed will fail to receive the paper, but we trust thev will not lav the blame to us, as we have mailed to every name that has readied us. It there are such, will they please inform us at once of the omission and give us their address, and we will supply them with the.paper from the first number. - • • • jgQT" The weather remains pleasant. Huw caa a Clay Whiff be a Democrat? \Vc commend the following extracts from the Now York Tribune to the es pecial attention of that class of onr read el'M who profess to he ohl line "Whigs; who attest their veneration for the mem ory of the great founder of their party by now voting and acting with his adver saries; who through liis life-long ser vice to the whole Union, pursued him untiringly with malignant calumny and slander. The article quoted clearly de monstrates that the greatest of Ameri can Statesmen to the latest hour of his political life endorsed the doctrine now contended for by the Republicans, viz: that the Federal Constitution vested in Congress exclusive power to legislate on the question of Slavery in the Ter ritories: that Slavery did not, nor could not e.\i-<t in any State or Territory un til established by municipal or local law: in other words, that slavery is and was but a creature of local law. The new-fangled heresy christened the Di ed Scott decision, invented by the party majority ot a political Supreme lJench, siting in judgment upon questions of difference between factions ol the Dem ocratic party, must find elsewhere an endorsement, than in any word or deed ofthc Illustrious sage of Ashland. The followiu are the extracts: Mil. CLAY'S CoMI'UOMISi:. When Hunt, Dio r, Hriggs. Itrooks, ami llirain Kelehiim. lire asked, " How do you reconcile your • present course and attitude with your repeated. • persistent, recorded declarations and votes in • I nor of the positive exclusion id' Slavery from "tlic Federal Territories?''—they have but one an swer : "The Compromise of 1,5.">11 : we went in •• for1 !j:it. mi I thereby ourselves to inain •• t ■ iii it. j principles and oppose all further agita " tiou respecting Slavery. " Well, gentlemen : '• how is it that we now find you in league with "Stephen A. Itouglus, the very man who first lirok- t'.int pleilj: •. ripped lip the settlement of lsr.o. anil re-opeueil the flood-gates of Slavery agit ition 11K. i'.i'leeil, says that the fompro mise of ISTdI involved the overthrow of the Mis toiiri ltr<trictioii : luit vol' not merely know bet ter, its lie docs. hut you have a hun.livil times eouileiiiueil his Nebraska billus n wanton 11 ml un justiliahle reopcn'm;; ol the Slavery controversy— a viol ition of tlie gita ranteed I*i^rlits of the North —so ins false pretense eannot avail \ul'. What, then, tloyou say . And there is no an -wer. In the Spring of IH.M. during the pendency of the \i braslia bill, mi l nearly four year* after the Clay Compromise of the editor of this p.ip-r was asked to address an nnti-Nchr \i in this city. !!•• dc liu."l, simply 1r a use hi.: views i i ..uhjeet ivere well known, an I his speaking at MI -h a meeting could do no good, iirjin:,' the in t iter to call instead on men of know a conservative views and attitude—among others, on Hiram Ketelium, The su,:ue,.tion w..s adopted, the call ma le—and this was reported to us ;ts the response : •• Mr. Ketelium declines to speak, saying that it i liot possible that this Nebraska bill should pass in its present or any shape involving!! repeal of the Missouri ltestriction—that tiny might us well at tempt to repeal the Federal Constitution." No doubt Mr. Ketelium then be lieved what lie paid— that he regarded a violation of the Missouri Com pact a", beyoad the stretch of human hardihood.— Vet this same lliram Ketelium is to-day in dose al liance with the responsible author of that great wrong, ami is laboring to save him from the retri bution lie has so richlv desert cd I " \Vc have time and again refutedthe false pretence that the 1 ><>itjrlnsit< a s of lSiiii are at nil sustained by the 11 i'ii rv Clay doctrines of Of course. tli i> does nut stop the iteration of the untruth : hut it weaken* its effect. In this eonvirtioii. we recur to the subject. and cull attention to the facts : Mr. ('lav introduced his project of Compromise on the 'JUth of January, IK.'i'i. Here is the second of his propositions—the only one relating to the mutter now in controvcrs* : I'KSOI.VKU. That, lis Shivery doe?. R>ot exist liy law [in], ami is not likely to he intro.lueeil into, any of tlie territory acquired by the I'nited State-" from the Republic of Mexico, it is inexpedient for Congress to provide liy law either for its introduc tion into, or exclusion from, liny part of the said territory ; ami that appropriate Territorial tioveni ments ought to lie established by Congress in all the said territory, not assigned ns within the boun daries of the proposed State of California, without the adoption of any restriction or condition on the uhject of Slavery. ' will be sern, based his repugnance to any prohibition of Slavery in the Territories ex pressly on the ground that it had no existing legal rights there—iu other words, could only go into the Territories under the protection of allinnativc, positive law. That this was Mr. Clay's view throughout, we do positively know ; mid, accordingly, his plan of compromise was assailed so soon as presented by the I'ro-Slavery Senators, as giving the North the meat of the oyster mid the South barely the shells. Sai 1 (lon. Henry S. Footc of Mississippi : •• The Resolutions of the Hon. Senator assert that Slavery does not now exist by law iu the Ter ritories recently acquired by Mexico: whereas, I am of opinion that the treaty with the Mexican Re public carried the Constitution, with all its guaran ties, to all the territories obtained by treaty, and secured the privilege to every Southern slavehold er to enter any part of it, attended by his slave property, and enjoy the same therein, free from all molestation or hindrance whatsoever:" Here von see the vital question plainly presented. Mr. Clay's plan did not allow the slaveholder a legal foothold in the Territories, while Men. Koote insisted that he hud n perfect right to go and take his slaves thither, in the absence of any legislative prohibition, by virtue of the Federal Constitution. So Mr. Mason of Virginia, following, sni-l : " Sir, so fur us 1 hnvo read these resolutions, there is hut one proposition to which 1 run give 11 hearty assent, and that is the resolution which pro poses to organize Territorial governments at once in these Territories, without u declaration one way or the other as to their domestic institutions. Rut there is another which I deeply regret to see introduced into this Senate, by a Senator from a slnvcholding State ; it is that which assumes that Slavery does not now exist hy law in those coun tries. I understand one of these proposition - to declare that, hy law, Slavery is now abolished in New Mexico and California. That was the very proposition advanced by the uoii-slnvchnldiuj: Slates at the last session ; conibatted and disprov ed, HS 1 thought, by gentlemen from the slavehold ing States, and which the Compromise hill was framed to test. So far, I regarded the question of law as disposed of, and it was very clearly and saf factorily shown to be against the spirit of the reso lution of the Senator from Kentucky. If the con trary is true. 1 presume the Senator from Ken tucky would declare that if a law is now valid in the Territories abolishing Slavery, it could not he introduced there, even if u law was passed creating the institution, or repealing the statutes already existing ; a doctrine never asscuted to, so far us I know, until now, by any Senator representing one of the sluveholding States. Sir, I hold the very opposite, and with such confidence, that at the last session I was willing and did vote for a bill to tcct this question in the Supreme Court. Yet thin rejoluliou iissumes the other doctrine to be true, and our assent if challenged to it as a proposition of law." Cen. .III)'. l>a\i.; followed. saying : " Sir, we ire called upon lo receive (his us a measure of compromise ! As a measure in which we of the minority are lo receive nothing. A measure of compromise! I look upon it but as a mo lest mode of t:ikiug that, the claim to which has been more boldly asserted by others ; and, that I may be understood upon litis question, find that my position may go forth to the country in the same columns that convey the sentiment* of tiie Senator from Kentucky, 1 here assert that never will 1 take less than the Missouri Compro mise line extended to the Pacific Ocenn, witli the specific recognition of the right lo hold slaves in the Territory below that line; and that, before such Territories are admitted into the t'nited Slates, slaves may be taken there from any of the I'niled States at the option of the owners. 1 can never consent to give additional power to a major itw to commit further aggressions upon the minor ity in this I'liion : and will never consent to uuy proposition which will h.ivo Mich a tendency, without a full guarantee or counteracting measure if connected with it." Here you see. (Jen. Davis—an extreme Fire eater from Mississippi—was willing to compro mise on the line of :iii° :w', with a specific recog nition of the right lo hold slaves in all Territories south of that line, lie revolted at Mr. ('lay's proposition, as but •'a modest mode of taking" everything by the North : he was willing to let I'rec Labor liav; all territory North of ,'IG° IIU' if Slavery might have the residue ; but .Mr. (May's proposition he could not tolerate ; ami yet it is now pretended that Mr. Clay favored the opening of all the new Territories to Slavery ! Hear how Mr. Downs of Louisiana regarded il : '• ! must confess that, in the whole course of my life, my ustou:shmc:it has never been greater tliau it was when I saw this (Mr. Clay's) proposition brought forward as a compromise ; and I now rise, Sir. not for the purpose of discussing it at all. but to protest most solemnly against it. I consider this compromise as no compromise at all. What, Sir. does it grant to the South I can see noth ing at all.' Listen next to .Imige Iluticrof South Carolina : "As I understand it. the Senator from Ken tu -kv's whole proposition of compromise is noth iu; more than this: That California is already < isposcd of, having formed a Slate Constitution, and that Territorial (iovcrumcnls shall be organ ized for I'e.-cret and New Mexico, under which, bv the operation of law s already existing, a slave holding population ciiul I not carry with them, or own slaves there. What is there in the nature of a compromise here, coupled, as it is. with the pro position that, by the e-.i ling laws in the Territo ries. it is almost certain that slaveholders cannot, aif I have no right to gn there with I heir property Y What is there in the nature of a compromise here? I am willing, however, to run the risks, mid am ready lo give lo the Territories the governments they require. I shall always think that, under a Constitution giving equal rights to all parties, the slaveholdili'.r people, lis such, can go lo these Ter ritories. and retain their properly there, lint. if we adopt this pioposition of the Senator from Ken tucky. it is cle irly on the basis that slavery shall not go there.' Now li-!( :i to Mr. Clay's response to thc»e cap tious gentlemen, nml see if lie concedes anything, or denies that they have represented him fairly : •• I an extremely sorry to hear the Senator from Mississippi say he require -, tir.-t, the exten sion of the Missouri I 'oinpromi e line to the Pacific; and i.lso tiiat he is not satisfied with that, hut re quires. if I understood MM •. - irrvvtl,., a positive provision f.r me fid mi--ion of Slavery south of tint line. And now. Sir. coming from a Slave State, as I do. I owe it to myself. I owe it to truth, I owe it ti> the Mil jc t. to state that no earthly power eonld induce lae to vote lorn specific meas ure for the introduction of Slavery where it had not before existed, either smith or north of that line.— Coming as I ilti from is my sol emn. deliberate, and well matured determination that no power—no earthly power—shall compel me to vote for tlit; positive introduetion of Slavery either south or ll. n th of that line. Sir. while you reproach. and justly too, our llritish amestors for the iutroduetieu ■ f this institution upon thel'onti nent of'Ameriea, I am, for one, unwilling that the posterity of the present inhabitants of California and New Mexico shall reproach us for doing just w hat we reproach (Ircat Britain for doing to us.— If the citizens of those Territories choose to estab lish Slavery, I am for admit,ing them with such provisions in their Constitutions ; but then, it will lie their own work, and not ours, and tlicit poster ity will have to reproaeh them, and not us, for forming Constitutions allow in;; the institution of Slavery to exist anions them. These are my views, Sir, and I cinwn' to express them : and tare not how extensively and universally they ure known. The honorable Senator from Virginia lias express ed his opinion that Slat cry exists in these Territo ries, iittd I have no doubt that opinion is sincerely and honestly entertained by hitn ; and I would say with equal sincerity and honesty, that I believe that Slavery n< where exists within any portion of the territory required by us from Mexico. He holds a directly contrary opinion to mine, t»s he has a perfect right to do: and we will not quarrel ohout that dilfereuce of opinion.'' The reader has thus the whole ense before him, and can judge whether Mr. Clay is fairly quoted by the Dred Seottitesof our day us sustaining or countenancing their positions. He was anxious for peace, for harmony, compromise : but on what basis? The citations above made show that lie stood substantially with the Free States, nnd was regarded as so standing bv the champions of Slu vcrv Kxtension. \VK I'ltoVoSKO TO SAY THAT SI, AVK II V SIKH 1.1» NOT CO IMTO TIIK TKltlil- TOIMKS. II K WOl'l.l) srHSTITI'TK A DE CLARATION THAT IT HAS NO HIC.IIT TO (JO TlllilEK. The difference is not worth a controversy. ACKNOW I.KDC, M i:.vrs. —Our thanks arc due to 11. C. Wilson ami B. F. Kendall, Esqs., tor their kind attention to n.s down the Sound; to Butler P. Anderson and Hdw. G hidings, Esqs., ot Olvmpia, and Capt. Richard Hovt, of the Steamer Multnomah, for latest news from the States. Our thank* are also due to Win. L. C'laneey, Esq., of the Steamer Eliza Anderson, for Victoria and Down-Sound papers; atlso to F. S. Balch, Esq., of San Francisco for valu able campaign documents, among which was the able speech of Oregon's Elo quent Senator, Col. E. D. Baker, at the American Theatre, in San Francisco, on the '2oth October. All such favors gratefully appreciate 1. ({WIN CHAI.LEKUKD.— Senator Gwin's vote was challenged at the Seventh Dis trict polls, yeterday, hy Owen Curran. Owen said that Gwin was not a resi dent of this State, but. of Texas; then, that he was not a resident of the Dis trict; finally, when nothing else would serve, that lie was not of age. The ven erable Senator voted, Owen to the con trary notwithstanding. lie is reported to liave sworn in his vote, and he voted for District olHccrs as well as Presiden tial electors. ii Loss or TIIE SHIP BLACK HAWK.— The papers indicate that the ship Black Hawk, from Calcutta to Boston, before reported missing, has been lost, with all on hoard. She was last seen in the Day of Bengal, abont the 10th. and af terwards portron.i of the wreck of an American vessel were discovered. 1 Republican Thunder Disgusting to the Pio j i user and Democrat. The following significant squib dig nified the editorial columns of the last issue of the Pioneer: "The Republicans here had a good time thanking their God last Thursday evening, if we may judge from the " bluster and fury " of some of them, on the reception of the Oregon election news. A number of guns were fired, and a few tar barrels burnt by some boys and Siwashes. Their hilarities were, of course, such as would be expected from such a crowd and occasion." Apart from the blasphemous allusion, in the above article, it may be consid ered harmless. But the use of such language Mr. Furste calls to mind the "Presidential Salute," fired by Hon. John IF. Scranton, on the reception of the news of the nomination by the Se cessionists of Brcckenridge and Lane. To say that performance was " Seran tonian," is a sufficient description of that memorable scene. If the Pioneer and Democrat could think it worth while to join in that salute, how much more propriety in the Republicans to thank God, to burn powder, and make bonfires, when we have learned that the whole Pacific Coast is true to the Union, and at the first opportunity rebukes th treasonable acts of Stevens, Lane, Gwin, and the Oregon and Cali fornia delegations to the Democratic National Convention, who went out and joined themselves to the Seceders, and grossly misrepresented the Pacific Coast. It' it is matter of obloquy that tin* few Indians in town should assemble, out of euriosity, we eommeml, especially, the OFFICIAL KEI'OKT of Wesley 15. Ctosnell, Esq., Indian Agent Washington Terri tory, made to the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, on June 80th, 1857. (See Report Commissioner Indian Af fairs, 18 —pages 310 and 'J 11: "The Indians of my charge, and in deed, I may snv, all west of the Cascade Mountains, are fully alive to the times, and I have found them posessed of more intelligence, shrewdness, and fore east, particularly in matters which may affect their interests, than they have re ceived credit for. For instance, in the political contest which is now going on in this Territory, (1 refcrto the nice be tween Coventor Stevens and Mr. Ab crnelhy for the dclcgateship to Con gress) they manifest a deep interest. Their sympathies are all with the Gov ernor; for they say that he understands the Indian's tum-tum, (heart or mind,) knows all about what thev want, and if he goes to Washington he will know what to ask for, and will be able to af fect something for their benefit. They look upon the question which is to be determined at the ballot box in this Ter ritory on thel3th of .July next as one of great importance to them as well as to others. 1 mention this matter not in a political spirit, (although the fact cer tainly forms no mean culogium upon the official career of our late Superin tendent of Indian Affairs,)but merely to show that the Indians here are not asleep, but wide awake to any and all questions which even remotely concern them." If Indian sagacity were then so cred itable a feature, their aptness to change is here as apparent as some of the EF FECTS, visible in certain political offi cials, who are already making fair weather with the incoming dvnastv. Daily Overland Communication with Cal ifornia. It will be gratifying to our readers to learn that our enterprising fellow townsman, Henry Winsor, Esq., will put on a line of daily stages, (Sundays excepted,) connecting this place with Montiecllo and Cowlitz River; from that point, connection will be made by steamers with Portland. That part of the route is assigned to Capt. Richard Iloyt. To both these gentlemen—al ways on hand to serve the people, even at their own sacrifice—are Washington and Oregon vastly indebted. We trust they will reap a harvest of prosperity and profit. For this vast service, Mr. Winsor has assumed to render, the sum of #O,OOO p Cr annum is very inad equate pay; it therefore becomes our people to eo-operate with him. We know from the past character of Mr. Winsor, that he will succeed ifanybody can. lie is of that stripe thflt knows no back-out, and everything ho takes hold of turns into a success. We ar dently hope that the projected move ment may yield them as much solid profit, as it secures benefit to our Ter ritory. For an idea of the advantages of daily mail we refer to our columus to •> # day. Here, in this remoto region, are we, this 22d day of November, able to give to our readers the result of the great Presidential struggle, which took place in so many States at points so re mote, on the 6th of the same month. The annihilation fo time and distance seems incomprehensible, and vet to a few just such men as Ilenrv Winsor, are wo indebted for these results. Editorial Jottings. The schooner D. L. Clinch, Capt. W. 11. Perriman was wrecked in Sail Jifon harl>or, Vancouver's Tslaiul, on the 10th inst. Her was saved. let froze quarter of an inch thick at Victo ria, on the 9th. Through the kind ness of Win. L. Clancey, Esq., we have received the first number of the Port Townsend Register, a Democratic sheet, edited- by Henry L. Sutton. The well known Potter Theatrical Troupe are performing to crowded houses at Victoria. Miss Lulu Sweet, known throughout Oregon by the familiar name of " Sweet Lulu," and Frank Mayo, Esq., are the chief attractions of the company. The S. F. Bulletin gloomily predicts the discontinuance of the Pony Express, as the Postmaster General refuses to award the mail.con tract to the overland route. Our ex changes speak of a heroine said to be lighting in the army of Garibaldi. Jfer name is Maria dellu Torre. The Princess Alice Maude, of England is to be publicly betrothed to Prince Louis, of llerse Darmstadt, at Mayencc. The Princess is in her 17th year, the Prince in his 23d. C'ol E. I). Baker ad dressed one of the largest and most en thusiastic mass meetings, at the Amer ican Theatre, ever assembled in San Francisco, on the evening of the 20th ult. The audience was composed of both ladies and gentlemen, and many could not gain admittance. Several mornings the past week the ground was covered with a thick coating of frost. We are informed by 11. AVinsor, Esq., that the daily mail service will go into operation on the Ist of December. Our Portland correspondent says that Judge M. I'. Deady has become :t resident of Portland ; that the Fire De partment has been reorganized; that another first-class engine has been add ed thereto. An account ot the mas sacre on the plains, together with u communication from "Citizen," arc crowded out of this issue. Next week. Eight prisoners escaped from con ticmcnt on Tuesday evening last, but were recaptured. Important D»"ftion of the Commisioner of trie Land umce—Rights of a Wife of Indian Blood, claiming under the l)ona tion Law. • In the matter of the claim of John Ed gar and Betsey, his wife, a full blood Indian, for a Donation Tract of (540 acres. In August 1800, an application was made by the administrator of John Ed gar,late of Thurston County, deceased, for an assignment of the portion of his land vesting in his hcirs-at-law, his widow being a full-blood Indian, a dif ference arose between the Register and Receiver, as to the right to claim 320 acres in her own right, which led to the t< llowing correspondence: RKGISTTK'S OFFICK, W. T. Aug. 8, Y>o To the Commissioner General Land Office, Washington, 1). C.—Sir: John Edgar, a claimant under the act of Sept. 27, 1850, Sec. 4, has proven resi dence and cultivation for four consecu tive years on his donation claim, and, (he having been killed during the late Indian war,) his wife and heirs claim (140 acres, 320 being in right of his wife. It is admitted by the claimant that the wife is a full-blooded Indian woman, who was, however, legally married to said John Edgar. The Receiver has decided that as Mrs. Edgar is neither WHITE or an AMERICAN HALF-BREED, the husband can hold lnit 820 acres of land. In my opinion John Edgar, being a white settler on the public land, and having otherwise complied with the provisions of the law, and being a resident of Washington Territory, between the 27th of September, and the 15th day of December, 1850, is entitled to 040 acres of land, one-half to himself, and one-half to his wife, to he held by l»er in her own right. As there are many cases of a similar character in this coun try, an early decision is respectfully re quested. Respt'y, your ob't servant, ISAAC W. S.MIXY, Reg. The following is the reply b GENERAL LAND OFFICE, Sept. 17, '6O. SIR :—I have received your letter of the Bth ult., submitting a question in regard to Donation rights, upon which it appears there is a difference of opin ion between yourself and the Receiver. It is, whether a full-blood Indian wo man, the widow of a settler, has, under the Donation act of 1850, the same right as a white woman in similar cir cumstances. The law, in my makes nor distinction, where the parties were le gally married and lived together, and were recognized as man and wife; be cause, under the law, whatever rights she has, she takes by reason of being the lawful wife and widow of an Amer ican citizen and settler under the Do nation act of Sept. 27, 1850. Very Respt v, your ob't sen-ant. * Jos. 8. W ILSON, Commissioner, Isaac W. Smith, Esq., Register, Olympia, W. T. THE TEN MILLION LOAN. —The bids for the new ten million loan, were opened at Washington on the 22d. They amount, in the aggregate, to about ten and a half millions, within the range of par to one and forty-one hundredths per cent, premium. All the bids above par arc accepted, and those at par arc to get a pro rata amount of the residue.

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