YOL. I. THE \VISIII\GTO\ STANDARD. —IS ISSL EL# EVERY SATURDAY MORNING RY — JOHN M. MURPHY, E1 >IT OR A N1) PR O P RIE TO R. Subscription S3 OO j»er Annum, IN ADVANCE. Advcrlislns Kates: '(•no Square. one insertion, s•'! 00 additional insertion 1 00 Business Cards, jier quarter, 5 00 iitieral deduction will be ntude in favor nl' those who advertise four squares, or upwards, liv the \ ear. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in serted free. Bill Heads, Cards, Mills of Fare. Circulars, Catalogues, l'nin|dilcU, &c., executed at reasonable rates. (Ikfick —In Barnes's Building. corner of Main and Pirst Streets, near the steamboat landing. fy'if" All communication'*, whether on business or tin' |iiit>lifulion should lie addressed to the cdi itur of the WA.SIIINC.TON STANUAHD. LATER FROM THE ATLANTIC SIDE. Sprrial lllspalrli «o the Portland Advertiser—Arrival «f the Pony i:\pref4S~l-ale Kleetlon Returns— Resignation of Xoutherners—Se cesslon Commenced—Run on flie Charleston llank - Uroricla HaINM a Colonial ¥ las—Domestic Sew*. FOIIT Cut ltitcim.i., Nov. 22. Ki». ADVKRTtsun —The I'ony Express has just arrived with dates from St. Jo seph, to Nov. 10th. The following are the general dispatches: ELECTION MEWS. ST. LOUIS, NOV. 9th. There is not much additional election news. Maryland has gone for Breckinridge a small plurality. Virginia is still in doubt. Nothing further from Georgia. Hell has probably carried Tennessee, it i< still considered doubtful. Kentucky certain for Hell. The Montgomery mail ofto-dnv claims Alabama for Breckinridge by 10,000. From Louisiana there are few returns, l>.'!! is still ahead, though the State is sttMjtose I to have gone for Breckinridge. Nothing from Texas or Florida. In Arkansas, Breckinridge is ahead, and has undoubtedly carried the State. South Carolina has elected Breckin ridge electors. North Carolina has gone for Brcek- in ridge. The fusion majority itt Xow Jersey i.s not known. Missouri is to close between Bell and Douglas that it is impossible to tell who has the State, the enhances are favorable to Hell. The Republicans have pained one Congressman, and one in Michigan Pennington is certainly defeated in New Jersey. Fisher is elected in Delaware. The Illinois Delegation is unchanged —the Republicans have eleven majori ty in the Illinois Legislature. The Governor of Pennsylvania has issued a proclamation declaring Lehman elected to Congress from the first Dis trict. Byerly, who perpetrated the fraud in'that District, has been sen tenced ten years and half imprisonment and 300. tine. Secession Movements. The bark James Gray owned by Cusli ing of the Boston Line, under instruc tions from owners, yesterday hoisted the Palmetto fllag ami tired fifteen guns in Charleston harbor. The Speaker of the South Carolina Legislature on Wednesday night receiv ed a dispatch from Virginia tendering the services of a volunteer company iu the event of secession. In the house Edward Ruff in made a speech advocatingsecession. Ilisspeech >vas rapturously applauded. Efforts were made 011 Wednesday to delay action tor Southern co-operation; but according to a dispatch received to day, a State Convention is to be culled, and secession is certain. The election -of Delegates will probably be ordered *m the 4th of and-the Con vention meet on the 17th. Boeock, Bonhum and Keitt urged the call for a convention and immediate ac tion. A large body of citizens called 011 the resigned federal officers last night. They were greeted with enthu siasm. The officials returned thanks in several speeches. A dispatch in the Courier says Bu chanan will resist nullification but not secession. The officers referred to in the above dispatch are the United States District Judge, District Attorney, and the Collector of the port ot Charleston. A dispatch from Richmond to the New York times says there is little ex citement there, ami the Whigs seem «'c!l pleased with the result of the election. T!ie Southern students in the New OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, DECEMBER 8,1800. York Medical University have held a meeting to consider the question of se cession.—There was no action taken, but the question was left for discussion at some future meeting. A dispatch to the New York World savs: Current rumors of the seizure of Fort Moultrie, at Charleston, by tlio secessionists, were not credited at Wash ington. The prominent South Carolinians arc said to be in consultation. A dispatch from Milledgeville, Geor gia, to-day, says that Governor Brown, in a special message to the Legislature, thinks that few States will get toil South ern Convention, and does not recomend the appointment of Delegates from Georgia, lie thinks the constitutional rights of the people of Georgia have been violated by several non-slavehold ing States to an extent.justifying in the judgment of civilized nations, the adoption of any measures necessary for the restoration or protection of their rights. Ml«cellanroiiN Xfivs. On the 7th, the Neil House at Colum bus Ohio, was destroyed by fire. The Williamson (S. C.)Springllouse, was also burned, lost aixty thousand dollars. i A report that the steam gunboat sem inole had been burned olf l'ernambuco, proved unfounded. The Astor House, Xcw York, was damaged to the amount of l. r >,ooo by fire, on the Vesev street side on the Hth inst. The steamer Mohawk exploded her boiler at Detroit on the 17th inst., kill : ing the second engineer, three firemen and one deck hand. Tlie propeller Globe, from Buffalo, exploded her boiler yesterday; several persons were killed, and a number in jured. The killed are Ann Golden, Patrick Donahue, James Jlohbie, of Chicago, Ben Wilson, first engineer, Forsvth, second engineer, and four lire men. A fire at Columbus, Georgia, con sumed the Agency Bank and several stores and dwellings, on the 17th. Loss s.")<>,ooo. The Arkansas Legislature organized on Monday by the election of Judge Fletcher President of the Senate, Woods Burch, Speaker of Acsembly. One l>av kilcr. T?T. L'iris, Nov. lOtli, 12 »l The pluralities of Breckinridge, arc as follows: In Maryland, 5100 in Lou isana, 51,000; in Georgia and Missisippi, large; in Virginia, aniall. Bell has carried Tennessee by 2,000 majority and is ahead in Missouri Governor Brown, in his special mes sage to the Georgia Legislatue advised retaliatory laws against Massachusetts and other States guilty of unconstitu tional or unfriendly legislation. lie recommends the seizure of property or money from any citizen of those States to compensate the loss of property by citizens of Georgia, also the imposition of heavy taxes upon goods manufac tured in those States, to be remitted when their obnoxious laws are repealed. Aand if this fail he reeoinends the re peal of all parts of the penal code pro tecting the lives, liberty, and property of citizens from those States. It the Legislature of Georgia fails to enact such laws, he hopes the people will rise in their might—through the ballot box. He defends the right of secession under any violation of the federal compact, and reeoinends the appropriation ot one million dollars us a military fund, and says the motto of Georgia should be, "no further concessions, but stand to arms." A mass meeting at Savuuah 011 the night of the Bth inst, was addressed by the Bell electors and others. An im mense crowd was present and great en thusiasm prevailed. Resolutions were adopted 110s to submit to the election of Lincoln; also requesting the Legislatue to call a convention to discuss a mode of redress and to take immediate steps to organize an armed force. The State Colonial flag of Georgia was raised at Greenes monument, John ston's Square, Augusta, last night, by an enthusiasti meeting. The formation of clubs of minute men at Mobile is going 011. A battalion of cavalry were organized and had offered their services to the Governor of Alabama. Tw# Du>D Later. ST. LOCIS, NOV. 12th, (via Ft. Kearny.) lii the South Carolina Legislature on the 10th, the Speaker announced the resignation of Mi. Chestnut, U. 8. Sen ator. A member ottered a rsolution that the resignation he accepted as an act of loyalty to the State. The com mittee on federal relations reported an amendment to the Senate hill calling for a convention, and tixing operations in December, instead of January. It was discussed and adopted unanimous ly. Tlie Senate concurred unanimously i'll the amendment. A member offered a resolution that the Governor be em powered to raise ten thousand volun teers, which will be considered to-day. Toombs, of Georgia, had resigned, and in the Legislature, on the Bth, a motion to proceed to the election of an IT.l T . S. Senator was laid 011 the table for the present. A bill was introduced tax ing tlie manufactured from Massachusetts, and also preventing cit izens of tlie offending States troin till ing in the courts of Georgia. 011 Sat in-day a meeting was held at Augusta, Georgia, at which Mayor read a resolution protesting against the expulsion of citizens without real cause in favor of law and order, were adopt ed. At night a rampant secession mcetingwas held and political speeches made; a delegation of minute men were appointed to'attcnd the Convention at Milledgevillc on Monday. A dispatch says that the citizens of Mobile are opposed to disunion, but that nine tenths of the people in the coun try are in favor of it. A plan of seces sion will be organized this week. The Governor, .Judiciary, and others, and all the Congressmen but one are for disunion. A mounted cavalry has been determined upon. Minute men are or ganizing. An extra session ot the Leg islature lias been called. An attempt, was made at Phijladel pliia to form Republican clubs into a posse to support Lincoln in the Presi dential Chair, lias heeit defeated. Res olutions expressing good will in all sections were adopted. One Ward ten dered its services for the inauguration, and oppose any interference of South ern minute men. An immense run has been made 011 the' Charleston Banks, and a special law has been passed by the Legislature to protect them. The Late Eclipse. Iti a letter from Professor Baelie, Su perintendent of the Const Survey, lished iu SHlmum's .lournul for Sep tember, we find an aceourtt of Lieut. (Jilliss's expedition to the western const of the United States, for the Const Sur vey, published in Sill'mian's Journal for September, we find an account of Lieut. Gnxiss's expedition to the west ern coast of the United State*, tor the Const Survey, to observe the lateechpse. "The sun there rose eclipsed, and the moisture of the air was so great at the time that we were obliged frequently to wipe nwny the dew from the object glasses of their telescopes. At the mo ment of totality, beads of golden and ruby-colored light Hashed almost entire ly around the moon, not constant even tor a second at one point, but fitfully flashing, as reflection from rippled wa ter, ami as mutnble in the respective places of the colors. This bead-thread broke up suddenly, when, for the first time protuberances were noticed be voml the following limb of the inoon. v rhe largest one was iu the form of a flattened cone or pyramid of cumulus cloud, about one minute in height by two minutes broad ait the base. The cloud was not a uniform mass, but ap parently an aggregation of small ones, and its general tint was a rosy pink, with occasional spots and edges ot yel lowish white light, as though sunlight shone obliquely through them. This was an extremely beautiful sight, and occupied Mr. Uiilissso intently that he lost the beat of the chronometer. It was then so dark that he could not see the second-dial oil the gold chronom eter without a lantern. On looking back to the telescope he saw on the moon's black disk colors of the spec trum flashing in intersecting circles of equal diameter with that body, and each apparently revolving towards the lunar centre. The moving colors were not visible beyond the moon, but a halo of virgin white light encircled it, which was uniformly traceable more than a semi-diameter beyond the black outline. This corona was composed of radial beams or streamers, having slightly darker or fainter interstices rctlier than a disk of regularly diminishing or suf fusing light; but the gorgeous appear ance of the spectrum-circles, with their incessnntly-cnanging bands ot crimson, violet, yellow, and gre?n, were thor oughly startling. These colors contin ued visible for at least ten seconds. The bredth of each speetrum-circlc was, by estimation, about two minutes. The green colors were not darker than pea green. These strange colors vanished with the first appearance of light." •3T- If you wish the contempt of a
fool, treat him as your equal. How Slavery wu Regarded by the Fathers of the Republic. OPINION OK WASHINGTON. "I cap only say, that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do to see some plan adopted for the abolition of slavery; and this, as far as my suffrage will go, shall not be wanting."—[Letter to Robert Morris. "Your late purchase of an estate in the colony of Cyenne, with a view of emancipating the slaves is a generous and noble proof of your humanity. Would to God a like spirit might dif fuse itself generally into the minds of the people of this country. But I de spair of seeing it. Some petitions were presented to the Assembly at its late session for the abolition of slavery; but they could scarcely obtain a hearing." —[Letter of Lafayette. "If a slave can have a country in this worlp, it must be any other in prefer ence to that in which he is born to live and labor for another. * * * And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure, when we have removed their only firm basis; a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are the gifts of God, that they are not to be violated but with his wrath. In deed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just. But we must wait with patience the workings of an overruling Providence, and hope that he is preparing the deliverance of these our suffering brethren. When the measure of their tears shall be full, doubtless a God of justice will awaken to their distress, ami by diffusing light and liberality among their oppressors, or, at length, bv his exterminating thunder, manifest his attention to things of this world."—[Notes on Virginia. " Would any one believe that I am master of slaves by mv own purchase? 1 will not, I cannot justify it. 1 believe a time will come when an opportunity will be offered to abolish this lamenta ble evil. Let us transmit to our de sccndeuts, together with ourselves, a pity for their unhappy fot, and our ab horrence forslavery."—[Letter to liobt. Pleasants. "We have found that this evil [slave ry] has preyed upon the verv vitals ol tlie Union, and has been prejudicial t« all the States in which it has existed.' —[Speech in Virginia Convention. "Eternal infamy awaits the aban doned miscreant whose selfish souls could ever prompt them to rob unhap py Africa of her sons and freight them Inther by thousands, to poison the fair Eden of liberty with the rank weeds of bondage. Survey tlie counties, Sir, where the hand of Freedom conducts the plowshare, and compare their pro duce with yours. Your grainaries, in this view, appear like the storehouse of emmets, though not supplied with equal industiy. The cause anil the effect are too obvious to escape observation."— [Speech in Maryland House of Dele gates. "Avarice alone could have produced the slave trade—avarice alone can drive tind docs drive this infernal traffic. A lU bition has its cover-sluts iu the pride, pomp, and circumstances of glorious war; but the trophies of avarieo, the hand cuff, the manacle and blood stained cow-hide."—[Southern Litera ry Messenger. " Virginia is so much impoverished by the system of slavery that the tables will, sooner or later, be turned, and the slaves will advertise tor runaway mas ters." * * * " Sir, I neither envy the head nor the heart of that man from the North who rises hero to defend slaver)' upon principle."—[Rebuke of Edward Everett in Congress. " What would they who thus reproach us have done? If they would repress ull tendencies towards liberty and ulti mate emancipation, they must do more than put down the Iwnevolent efforts of this Society. They must go back to the era of our independence, and muz zle the canon which thunders its annu al joyous return. They must revive the slave trade with all its train of atrocities. * * * They must pen etrate the human soul and eradicate the light of reason and the loye >f liberty, llien, and not till then, when universal darkness and despair prevail, can you perpetuate slavery, and repress all sym pathies, and all human and beuevolent efforts among freemen, in behalf of the unhappy portion of our race who are doomed* to boudage."—[Speech of Mr. Clay in Congres* on the Emancipation Society. ... . - I/md for the landless. OPINOIN OF JEFFERSON. OPINION OF PATRICK HENRY. OPINION OF MONROE. OPINION OF WILLIAM PINKNEY. OPINION OF JOHN RANDOLPH. OPINION OP HENRY CLAY. The Censure of General Harney. The following is the official letter, which, by order of the President, was to-day addressed to Geu. Harney: Having given a most careful exam ination to nil the events which have lately occurred in the Department of Oregon, and to the explanation of his conduct therein submitted by General Harney to this Department/the Secre tary of War feels it his duty to express his disapproval of the orders issued by General Harney, under date of April 10th, 1860, by 'which Captain Fickctt was placed in command of Camp Pick ett. A question having arisen between the Governniants of the United States and Great Britain as to the sovereignty of the island of San Juan, and danger being anticipated to tlie friendly rela tions of the two countries from the con dition of affairs upon the island itself, General Scott was sent, on the lGtli of September, 18.7.), empowered by the Government of the United States to make such temporary arrangements as would avoid all collision, until the whole matter had been amicably adjusted by the diplomatic action of the two nations. In pursuance of these powers, General Scott repaired to San Juan, and having taken the steps which he deemed ad visable, returned, leaving with General Ilarney, for his guidance and instruc tion, letters and orders of the following dates: November sth and Otli, 1851). The essential points of these instruc tions and orders were, first, the remov al of the larger part of the United States force on San Juan Island: second, the retention of one company of United States troops, under Capt. Hunt; third, the special injunction of Gen. Harney to remember that the sovereignty of the Island is still in dispute between the two governments, and until definitely settled betweee them, that British sul)- jeets have equal rights with American citizens on the Island, accompanied by a copy of Gen. Scott's assurance to Governor Douglas of his intentions to instruct our commanding officers 011 the Island to allow 110 person claiming ro be a functionary ot Washington Terri tory, to interfere with any British su!>- 'eet residing or happening to be 011 the same Island whilst it shall remain in dispute between our respective govern ments. In opposition to these instruc tions, Gen. Harney removed Capt. Hunt and substituted Capt. Pickett in his place, issuing at the same time to Capt. Pickett the following order: Third—Under the organic act of the Congress of the United States for the establishment of the Territorial govern ment of Washington, the first Legisla tive Assembly of 1854 passed an act including the Island of San Juan as a part of Whatcom county. This act was duly submitted to Congress, and has not been disapproved. It is, there fore, the law of the land. You will be obliged consequently to acknowledge and respect the civil jurisdiction of Washington Territory in the discharge of your duties in San Juan, and the General commanding is satisfied that any attempt of the British commander to ignore this right of territory will he followed by disagreeable results out of his power to control. The Seeretay of War disapproves this order of Gen. Harney, in violation of the order of Gen. Scott, and of the agreement between the two Govern ments respecting the island of San Juan, which might have been attended by disastrous consequences. At the same time, whilst expressing his disapproba tion he has no doubt of the good inten tions of Gen. Harney in the premises; and from his known high charactcraml distinguished services he is not disposed to be severe in his condemnation. JOHN B. FLOYD, Secretary of War. WAB DEPAHTMEST, Oct. 20th, 1860. JKS- When Bishop Leighton was one day lost in meditation in his own se questered walk at Dumblane, Scotland, a fair young widow came up to him and told him that it was ordered that he should marry her, for she had dream ed thrice that slie was married to him. "Very well," replied the liisliop, "whenever I shall have dreamed thrice that I am married to you, I will lot you know and we will be married Im mediately," my It is said that the only very in timate friend that Louis Napoleon has at present, is Baron Rothschild, the head of that family. jKgr The Suspension Bridge ha* been recently painted. The Niagara Senti nel says it required for the operation, 20 tons of paint fgf" The grand ball given to the Prince ot Wales, in Montreal, cost $40,- 000. The jfteM, Tt enjoys no midsummer vacation. AVlien the thermometer is ono hundred degrees above the freezing point it is required to perform its task with the same assiduity as when half so many decrees below that line. Raining or sliming, _ hot or cold, stormy or calm, this aentine! must remain at his post. Even the misfortune of being burned out is hardly allowed as an excuse for twenty-four hours' delay in publication. This is one of the great merits of the I tress, and it would be injustice to oveiu ook it. The sun may glow with such a heat as if apparently about to reduce every organic body to its primitive ele* ments; the mercury may climb up, up, up the walls of the prison house as if determined to burst the very roof; but the newspaper must execute its assigned task witliout a murmur. Nay, as if fate had singled it out as a target for itq maiioe and sport, it so happens that the greatest amount of work has always to be done at this season of the year, when the advertising patronage of journals has shrunkto its smallest limits. There is 110 time at which light and agreeable reading is so much in demand as at; midsummer. Fortunately the newspaper press la now in such a position that it can look these evils (if evils they are) in the eye. It has overcome much more formidable obstacles than the effects of hot weath®* —great as they are—and will nqt quail from its duty with the thermometer at 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Pshaw! what of the heat ? Off to your post! " Bend 'gulnst the otcepr hill thy breast I Hurst like a torrent from its crest?" Pry into the haunts of vice and mta ery. Chase every procession. Follow the steps of every great man. Keep au eye 011 every ship that sails the ocean, oil every locomotive that plunges through the mountatns or tweeps over the prairies. Follow qp the several Donnybrook fights in Mexico, the tpav» els of Livingstone in Africa, and the last expeditions sent towards the pole. Note every change iu the great politic eal controversies, the career of Gari baldi in Sicily, the barbarities of Druses, the mazes of European diplomacy, the invasion of China, the opening of Ja pan. Descend into the Imwels ot tho earth. Chase the meteors through the heavens. Discourse 011 politics, relig ion, literature, morals, history ami «ch ence. When all these are done satis factorily, expect not to take your ease, to "cat" drink, and he merry;" hut to perform twice as much labor on twice as many subjects and to execute it twice as well* Such is the way in which tfw press has risen to its present paction, and by similar efforts it will maintain its rank, CIVIL LIBERTY. —Men ARC qualified for civil liberty in exact proportion to their disposition lo pnt moral chains upon their own appetites; in propor tion as their love to justice is above their rapacity; in proportion as their soundness and sobriety of understand ing is above tiieir vanity and presump* tiou; in proportion as they are more disposed to listen to the counsels of the wise and good, in preference to the flat tery of knaves. Society cannot exist unless a controlling power upon will and appetite be placed somewbtfra; and the less of it there is within, the mora there must be without. It is ordained in the eternal constitution of things that men of intemperate minds cannot be free; their passions torge their fet* ters.—£linrke. - jggy When Louis Philippe and his Queen were in exile, in Claremont, the}' visited the convent of the Sacra CoDur. The nun who conducted them through the house was so amiable and agreeable that the queen, on leaving, expressed her extreme satisfaction. "Perhaps," added her majesty, "you will bo interested to know woo your visitors are. This gentleman i« Louis Philips, and I am the Queen Amelie." The nun, bowing profoundly, replied, with a gentle smile, " Aud I am Made* moiselle Jianapartc." There are in London 939 cler gymen, 429 churches, and 28 chapels, pf which latter the Independents have 121, the Baptists 100, the Wesleyans 77, the Romau Catholics 59, the Calvinists and English Presbyterians 10, the Quakers 7, the Jews 10, and numerous other sects from one to five each. SUCCESS AND HAPPINESS.— Lord Clar. eudon attributed success and happiness in life, to associating with persona more virtuous aud learned than ourselves. A grand horticultural park, con. sisting of 1,000 acres is being laid out on the uplands, back of St. Louis, fof the culture of grapes and fruits, NO. 4.