Newspaper of The Washington Standard, December 8, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated December 8, 1860 Page 2
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THE \V.I\HHIiTII\ SUM!AHII. —... —» • SATURDAY, DKCEMHER 8, lwio. ••Tilt! pcojili- of these f'nitcr I Sluice ni'i' the rijrhtfnl masters of both Congresses :iml Courts, lint ti> overthrow tlio Constitution, but to over throw the men who pervert the Con.-Otutii/li."— AUH.OIAM l.ixcor.N. Secession and Disunion. The latest advices from the States in dicate (hat South Carolina and (Georgia have advanced somewhat in projects of »ec«sr*'n»n, and that others oflhc South ern States arc preparing to follow their pernicious and treasonable example. We are also told that tin- present Pres ident and his Cabinet have resolved that a State has the power peaceably to withdraw or secede, but while continu ing in the Union, no act of Congress must be nullified. In other words, there is a di tic re nee between secession ami nullification. You who have tie rived knowledge hcivt jfoiv from the immortal Webster, who twice during his life demonstrated that secession and nullification were one and the same thing, and that too, TUEASON of the deep est itrrtl darkest dye, ponder on this painful of things. You who venerate the memory of that pure and inflexible patriot .laekson, who main tained in a juncture of national affairs similar to the present, the sublime de termination that "The Union must and shall be preserved," stop and reflect upon the evil times threatened by ;t few madcaps, fire-eaters and disunionisfs of the South, aided in the North by the pampered oflh-ials of the Administra tion, rebuked so signally by the people in the late Republican triumph. Exciting as is the news, painful as is the reflection, that any man or set of men, mav deliberate! v meditate treason, ' » » yet more painful to us is the exhibition Uv certain Federal oiHeiiils of high atw thority publicly proclaiming that " Shift' 01' Shift'# sct't'tlt' jH'ilcctililt/, Peaceable secession !—what a paradox! ♦>ne might as well talk about a nation without nationality, a State without a government, an earthquake without an upheaving of the elements, chaos with out contusion, or pt'ttrefnf irnr. We re pmfufte such doctrines—we detest such heresies. We recognize the Constitu tion as a solid and enduring compact. We regard the Union of these States as an union of great and mighty people, leagued together to promote the general welfare ami provide for the general tranquility. Not a mere rope ot sand, a mere ephemeral partnership, where any member may at pleasure retire when subjected to temporary disap pointment, ami thereby inflict injury upon the whole, rendering unstable ami insecure the prize secured to our nation by the blood arid treasure of the Revolution—the great gift of the wisest of men and the purest of statesmen. Allowance might be indulged to wards those disappointed politicians who were bred in the section where the utterance of treasonable sentiments has so long been fashionable; but what shall be said of a Judge of the United States Court, sworn tosupport the Con stitution and laws in a jurisdiction far remote from the scene of excitement, in a Territory bearing the name of that hero statesman, who strove so hard to erect this great national fabric, publicly proclaiming the damning heresy, THAT STATES HAVE TIIK rxDorim-:i> ltitiiiT Tc SECF.DE FROM THE Uxiox. Freemen of Washington Territory, do you not believe that the utterance of so unhal flowed a sentiment would almost cause the great expounder of the Constitu tion, Daniel Webster, to turn in his grave? Do you not with fervency of prayer wish that the immortal Jackson were now occupying the Presidential chair? How long betore he would with the whole force of the nation see that every law of the Union was faith fully executed ? How long would he be making up his mind to hang as traitors every man who raised his voice «r uplifted an arm to strike down this glorious heritage of our Fathers, the Constitution and the Union of these States? Since the Supreme Court of the United States initiated the system of making political speeches in their decisions, by discussing questions en tirely foreign to the case in court, it be comes pardonable for Judges to inti mate what is and will be held as law. We know these tlirfn are not regarded as binding, bnt still our people look upon them as authority. Wore it not better that men, who are in the exercise •f positions giving them influence with the popular mind,.should teach fealty to our Union, reverence to the Consti tution and laws, and bitter abhorrence wf the detestable and hideous doctrines «f treason? We have heard with rc grct ami pain the flippant manner with wliit-Ii at least olio .1 tnl«re publicly avowed these doctrine*. That man, least of all, should have been guilty of building tip prejudice against the in coming Administration. Claiming to have boeu a Whig of the Webster school, and to have so continued until the proper time for turning, has he for gotten that the illustrious dead said in his replv to Mr. Jlayne on the Foot Resolution? Or has lie become so blunted by subserviency to the present Administration that heditl'ers with that able expounder of Constitutional law in the doctrines of his ever memorable reply to Mr. Calhoun, where he so con clusively shows that ai'ciSmall cannot IK; peaceable, but that it is one and the same with nullification, it is treason, it is revolution, it is open war against the Union of Stales? We protest against men of standing thus openly, freely ami flippantly de fending treason of the deepest foulest dye. ami especially do we deplore that the Judiciary to whose custody is com mitted that covenant of our national prosperity, should weaken the confi dence of our people in the strength of our National Union, in their loyalty to the whole countrv. We leave the loathsome subject. Al ways ready to yield respect to properly constituted authorities, we turn to doc trines more in keeping with our thoughts and opinions. It is well to study the past. The true conservative element, both Xorth and South, have before this saved the Union, and we have an abiding confidence that it will again be safely appealed to. We ask careful attention to the sublime truths embodied in (len. Jackson'santi nullification proclamation, when he settled so practically just such an affair as the present rebellion in South Caro lina ami (Icorgia. He had the <W// practical way of dealing with such a subject, llis words then were replete with truth: they are not less so now. You who would be carried away by the plausibility of this new-fangled heresy, ponder on his language. The absurd ity of the doctrine will then be its plain as the noon-day sun. It will be found in another column—read it. It will strengthen your patriotic pride. REI.ICS OF TIIE PAST.— Mr. Horn back has shown us some old papers which we deem to be literary curiosi ties. (hie is a copy of the Hrattleboro' Rejuorter, published at ilrattlchoro', Vermont, in INO4. It is printed on paper of course texture, which is brown from age. The typogaphy differs but little from that of later date, with the cxccptioiisot 'lie long ••••.and the old style of letters. The other is headed the Brattleborough Messenger, or Farmers' itii<l Mechanic-' .loiiriiiil, published in 1K:!7. We inny take occasion to make extracts from these relics of the past when our space will permit. Some Pi'Mi'Uixs.—Through the kind ness of Khvood Kvans, Esq.,. a flier of thcmanmioth pumpkin, lias been placed upon our table, the sight of whiehcaused visions ol numberless jiicx to rise before our enraptured vision. This huge pro duction of nature, which was grown in Mr. Kvans' garden, in this city, meas ured •>:s in el KM in circumference and weighed 140 pounds. The thickness of the pulp was nearly four inches. Our thanks are again due the gentlemanly officers of the steamer Eliza Aurfn'soit, lor the inrl>/ delivery of tiles of down-sound papers. On Fri day morning at two o'clock, we were awakened by a miniature thunderstorm at our front door by those ''wideawake" gentlemen, ('apt. Fleming, and Win. L. (Jlancey, Esq., are just the men for the position* they hold. THAT HEATS ALL! —It will be shown what singular fancies govern the ladies when we acknowledge the receipt of a sack—containing beets and cabbages, from a lady friend iu the country; also a supply of cranberries and apples from one in this city. This fact will IK- ap preciated when it is known that we are a yoMHf man. * —— APPLES AND CIDER. —We are indebt ed to our old friend William Walter, Esq,, for a supply of the above articles. The apples were good, the eider better, and— " A little more cider, do.'' •#» - ■ ■ ■ JgrS?* Mr Carroll proposes giving a New Vear's Ua.ll, at Turn Water, 011 New Year's eve. We know no expense will be spared to make it the ball of the | season. THE BAM.. —The Bull nt tho Wash ington Hall will take place on the even ing of the 19th instead of 22(1 as stated hv ns last week. Se;* advertisement. The Pacific Rail Road. Having, iu our litmililo way, un furled our standard, and lreely pi veil <uir banner to the breeze, for the dis semination and establishment ot true and conservative Republican prin ciples in the I'nitcd States, and being aware that verv liianv in our midst are ignorant of, or misinterpret the doc trines of that party —an ignorance or misinterpretation superinduced by care lessness and list less 11 ess on the part, or by the unfounded assertions and un scrupulous declarations of our political antagonists, on the other part we pro pose to publish, from time to time, though not seriately, the resolutions guiding and governing the Republican party throughout our I'liion, as adopted at Chicago, May 17. 18l»0, and under which Mr. Lincoln has been recently chosen by the constitutionally expressed .voice of the people, to be the President of our whole country from the 4th of March, 1801. And here we may be per mitted to say once for all, that we recog nize nothing outside of that platform,— we ignore fanatics from the .North and fanatics from tin 1 South, our govern ment never (Mil l,i' properly administer ed 1»v extremists. They may ride on tlu' whirlwind, hill tlioy cannot diiv< t tin.' storm. In making such comment as may be deemed appropriate, upon tlii'si' resolutions as \m- publish them, our object will In- to govern oursclf, l>v the record of our political history, by our Constitution as ordained and estab lishi'd hy the people oft hi' ( nited Siatrs, and hy our innate convictions that our cause is just, is pre-eminently calculated for the prosperity and solid advance ment of our common country, and needs 110 factitious aid from idle sophistry, unwarrantable assumption, or ribald in vcctivc. In view of the special bearini;' on the material prosperity of our district of country, we have selected for publica tion this week, the 10th resolution of tli* Chicago Platform, as follows. SIXTKKNTII. Tlnit II nilrtiud to the I'acitir menu is ini|ii'rrttivt'ly ili'tumnlt'il In tlie- iiil' ir.ils of llic whole coinilrv ; that tin* IVilrnl piveniitß'tit In rcmliT imnii'iliiitc HIH! rtlirirnt <l i<t in it» PHI -Irio tio ll : ami n* |>i< liniiiuiiv tlirn In. 11 i! iil\ tlvorliimt Mail -liiintit lie |irii|nt'v r-t.iMi-luil. This subject of an interocianic Rail road has been so garbled hv speculators, so scctiomilizcd bv political stock-job- j hers, and so completely thrown over- 1 board by the Southern wing of the i til ing deinocry, that we have long despair-1 ed of its accomplishment or even coin-! nienccinent. unless under air Adminis- 1 tratioii radically different from the I present one. We have ever been ofl opinion, that for many years, it would I not prove a paying enterprise, and I could not therefore be expected to excite I the attention of caj»italists as a favor able stock enterprise; but we regard it 1 rather as a governmental or political iii'cositv, jffrowiiiii' out of* our jfooifraipli ical position towards Kurope and Asia, and absolutely requisite, if not for the being, certainly lbr the well being of our I nioii. Jts thorough practicability is now one of the fixed facts of the age, and we rejoice, that a jnirty is now coming into power, which fully recog nizes this necessity and this fact, and is committed to the employment of gov ernment aid in its execution. In this, as in very many other respects, the Re publican platform, and the old Whig doctrine, .are identical, and as soon as .Mr. Lincoln shall have a majority in Congress favorable to his views of pub lic policy, we feel assured that this great national work will he taken in hand hy our government, and pushed forward to as rapid a completion as its peculiar importance so eminently demands.— The civilization ami healthy progress ofi all districts of country are commensu rate, with their accessibility and facility of inter-communication, and it is well known to us all, that the great draw hack to the prosperity of our Territory, has been the absence of that fostenn" n care of our general government in pro vidingover-land mail facilities, and good roads through the length and breadth of our land, whereby immigration may always he easy and perfectly secure. Five hundred and titty thousand dol lars were appropriated at one session of Congress for the construction of wagon roads, connecting the Kast with the State of California and at least an equal amount is required for this Territory, to be expended under judicious engineers, thoroughly acquainted with its topo graphy, and mineral and commercial resources, Itcforc we can get a fair start on the great road of sound progressive increase, ami assume our just rank of importance as the Northwestern bound ary and bulwark of the ITnited States. ffvT' c are under inanv obligations to r l\ M. Head Ks.|. Wells, Kargo & Co's gentlemanly Agent, for favors. Editorial Change. The last issue of the Piotn'cr <oit/Drtn ocrat announces that Edward Furs to, Esq., has retired from that establish ment and is succeeded by .lames Lodge, Esq., - well known iq, our midst as an efficient clerk and draughtsman in the olHce of Surveyor General- Tilton. From our personal knowledge of him we are forced to believe that he will be very popular in his new vocation. Wo welcome cordially hisadvent to the edi torial corps. The paper has also assumed a differ ent typographical appearance, and ap pears to much better advantage than heretofore. Mr. Kurste in retiring takes with him our best wishes for his success through

life, and our fondest hopes that he may soon be restored to health. He con templates making a vi-it to the East. With a large numherof friends we wish his voyage a happy one and we shall hail his return with renewed pleasure. The Pioneer will proclaim and defend Democratic principles. That it has a right to do, but. we protest against its attempting to proclaim w hat are linut principles except such as are rec ognized so to be by the Chicago Plat form. Outside of that we will not go, nor must the I'i'inn r if it desires to be just and lair in its statements. He must learn, if In 1 does not already know, that the following is very far from a ♦ rue version of Republican principles. The new editor says : • A sectional organization, composed of hostile Mini di.-cordunt tactions, tinned upon one idea, stts t tiued I:i I»!:M» philanthropy and ntistrnct doc trines, pro.MTihinfr one section ot' our country, as- MTtiiitf an irrepre.-silile « oi.t!'o t between tree and ••lave Si 1 1e-, I < licvinir iu and jruideJ I»y a higher Ira tli in the Constitution, d* troyinjr nil tV.iteruul a (lection." r l he Chicago Platform is the Rcpuh liean creed, and we defy that editor to find a word or line justifying the above. We will expose ail such misrepresenta tions, and we will willingly join issue on any or all of those resolves with that newspaper; but we insist that the do;-, trini's of the party shall he publishes! as adopted, and not garbled and mis represented as heretofore. The election of Mr. Lixcoi.x is de plored. am! the cause is attributed to minor differences in the Democratic party, which has impaired tfs efficacy, not weakened the strength of its organ ization. The editor will essay to join the tli seorilaut eli'Uients—we trust suc cessfully; for we have such an abiding faith ill the intelligence of the people and in the truth of our cause to battle with them united a- soon as they can agree what their principles are. We have a better reason for Mr. Lix did not produce it. It was the voice of the people rising in their majesty to re buki the corruption and slavery propa gandism of .lames Buchanan's Admin istration. It was the determination of American freemen to makojWo/oimm /mini! r(ml shirt ft/ sfflumtil. We cordially endorse the expressed wish to elevate the tone of the press. In that the Pinnerr will have our zeal ous co-operation. We heartily wish the new editor may meet with unbounded success. Editorial Jottings. The Steamship SI. Louis is fitting out in New York, under the supervision of her owner, Mr. Roberts, for the Pa cific Ocean. She is now probably on her way out. The citizens of Salem raised JjSOoO for the family of Mr. Joseph Myers, on their arrival at that place. The vote of < >regon stands, Lincoln, <Vs4d; J>ouglas, 4,lil<>; Ilreekenridge, . r >,<>74. Lincoln's plurality, 270. The last Overland mail which left San Fran cisco for St. Louis took out M,30l let ters. A recent census of Russia ex hibits a popiilationof 78,000,000 people in that country. We learn that the steamer STUTITI ( YIIZ is to soon commence running between Portland and Olvin pia. So ways an exchange. The San Francisco markets, Nov. 24th, stood as lollows; Flour, $o .">(); Wheat, #1 2"> to £IOO per 100 lbs; Oats, $1,25 to #1 40c per 100 lbs; Potatoes, 00c per 100 lbs. Ship John Marshall from San Francisco for this port is reported to have been wrecked near the entrance to the Straits of Fuea. The North West says that the Hon. C. C. Phillips assumed the collcctorship of customs on the oth inst. A new schooner is in process of construction at Port Lud low, length of Keel B.~> feet; length overall 03 feet; breadth of I team, 2o feet; depth of hold 0 feet. Phinney & Co., ami Thompson, Porter And l>un k est or are the owners. The Califor nia Stage Company are having a num ber of sleighs constructed to he used in ease a suflieicucy of snow falls this winter. Tim XKVV RESTAVKANT. —We now have a gentleman in our midst who can koej> a Restaurant, and that, is Win* Mitchell. if von wish to he assured of the fact call at his establishment corner of Main and Fourth Streets. President Jackson on Secession* "The constitution of the United States, then, forms a government, not a league; and whether it be formed by compact between the States, or in any other manner, Its character is the same. It is a government in which all the peo ple are represented, which operates di rectly on the people individually, not upon the States—they retained all the power they did not grant. But each State, having expressly parted with so many powers as to constitute, jointly with the other States, a single nation, cannot, from that period, possess any right to secede, because such secession does not break a league, but destroys the unity of a nation; and any injury to that unity is not only a breach which would result from the contravention of a compact, but it. is an offence against the whole Union. To say that any State may at pleasure secede from the Ciuon, is to say that the United States are not a nation; because it would be a solecism to contend that any part of a nation might disolve its connection with the other parts, to their injury or ruin, without committing any offence. Se cession, like any other revolutionary act, may be morally justified by the extrem ity of oppression ; but, to call it a con stitutional right, is confounding the meaning of terms; and cat) only bo done thrugh gross error, or to deceive those who arc willing to assert a right, but would pause before they made a revo lution, or incur the penalties consequent on a failure. "Fellow-citizens of my native State, let me not only admonish you, as the Fir.-t Magistrate of our common coun- try. not to incur the penalty of its laws, hut use the inthienee that a father would ' over his children whom he saw rushing to certain ruin. In that paternal lan guage, witlr that paternal feeling, let •me tell you, my countrymen, that you are deluded hv men who are either de ceived themselves, or wish to deceive you. .Mark under what pretences you have been led on to the brink of insur rection and treason, on which you stiuid! i * * * * * is * •• I adjure yon, as you honor their memory: as you lov the cause of free dom, to which they dedicated their lives; as you prize the peace of your countrv. the lives of its he-* citizens, and your own fair fame, to retrace your steps. Snatch from the archives of your State the disorganizing edict of its conven tion; hid its members to reassemble, and promulgate the decided expression of your will to remain in the path which alone can conduct you to safety, prosper ity and honor. Tell them that, com pared to disunion, all other evils are light, because that brings with it an ac cumulation of all. Declare that you will never take the field unless the star spangled banner of your country shall float over you; that you will not he stigmatized when dead, and dishonored and scorned while you live, jus the au thors of the first attack 011 the consti tution of your country. Its destroyers you cannot be. You may disturb its iicace. voii inay interrupt the course of its prosperity, you may cloud its repu-! tation for stability, but its tranquillity will be restored, its prosperity will re turn, and the stain upon its national eharaeterwill he transferred, and remain an eternal blot on the memory of those who caused the disorder. " Fellow-citizens of the United States, the threat of unhallowed disunion, the names of those, once respected, by whom it is uttered, the array of military force to support it, denote the approach of a crisis in our affairs, 011 which the continuance of our unexampled pros perity, our political existence, and per haps that of all free governments, may depend. The conjuncture demanded a free, a full, and explicit enunciation, not only of my intentions, but of my principles of action : and, as the ,cluim was asserted of a right by a State to anul the laws of the Union, and even to secede from it at pleasure, a frank exposition of my opinions in relation to the origin and ibnn of our government, and the construction i give to the in strumentby which it was created, seemed to be proper. Having the fullest con fidence in the justness of the legal and constitutional opinion of my duties, which has been expressed, I relv, with equal confidence 011 your undivided sup port in my determination to execute the laws, to preserve the l T nion by all con stitutional means, to arrest, if possible, by moderate, but firm measures, the necesitv of a recourse to force; and, if it be the will of Heaven that the recur rence of its primeval curse on man for the shedding of a brother's blood should fall upon our land, that it be not called down by any offensive act 011 the part of the tTnited States. "Fellow-citizens: The momentous case in before you. On your undivided (support of your government depends the decision of the great question it in volves, whether vour sacred Union will be preserved, ami the blessings it secures to us as one people shall be perpetuated. Xo one can doubt that the unanimity with which that decision will be ex pressed, will be such as to inspire new confidence in republican institutions, and that the prudence, the wisdom, and the courage which it will bring to their defence, will transmit them unimpaired and invigorated to our children." A\ e tender our most sincere thanks to 0. \V. Jones Esq., of Van couver, for the kind interest displayed towards the Staiulnrd. He is our au thorized agent at that place. Question* Answered. EDITOR STAXOAHO:— WiII you oblige by answer ing the following question* : Ist. In the event of Lincoln's being ('resident, and appointing hi* friend* to' the different offices for the country, C un they tsike their seat* without the concurrence of the L'. S. Semite? We menu that class of officer* in which the Senate by law must concur. Will you also oblige by informing us why the' taxes were increased, in this county, after the last assessment, und by what authority it was done? Is it the practice in the whole territory? Xt/MUER Or SI'IISCRIHERS. To the Ist question wc reply ccttaifily, Any appointee under Mr. Lincoln who receives a commission ami other wise qualifies, can enter upon the dis charge ofhls official duties, regardless of a first action by the Senate in confirm ing the nomination. When the Senate are in session, it is usual to nominate to that l>ody, before commissioning ap pointee#. But it is very frequently thd ottse that appointments are made in the interim of Congress In such case a commission is issued running until tlw next session of the Senate. On confir mation the appointee receives another commission reciting that he has been appointed by and with the aJcice and cow sent of the S cnate. All officers hold uc* til their successors are qualified, and hence no vacancy occurs except incases of death of incumbent/ 2nd—lt would be hard for us to ex* plain why the county commissioners of Thurston county do many tilings, and especially tlu act queried after. All the authority they possess is to be found in the 10th Sect, of the act of the Leg islature W. T. Sess. 18.34—Entitled "an act to provide for the assessing and col lecting . bounty and Territorial reve nue." page 83d. The law is applicable to the whole Territory, and is not con-? fined to Thurston county* Of the practice in other counties, how ever, we are profoundly ignorant. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS. REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOIt TIIE STANDARD. Council. MONDAY, Dec. 3, 1860. Council met pursuant to law, and 011 calling tlie folK the following members holding over, appeared and took their seats: From the county of Clark—ll. L. CAPLES. From the counties of Cowlitz, Wa kikum and Pacific—A. R. Ut KBAXK. From the counties of Lewis and Chehalis— S. S. WOODARD. From the counties of Thurston and Sawamish— W. W. MILLER and JAMES MILES. From the county of Pierce— FßAXK CLARK. The following members elect rlso appeared and took their seats: From the counties of Clark, Skama nia, Walla Walla and Spo>kafte—J. A. SI.MMS. tlio i-oimtii'rt nf ""'J K't- sap— A. A. DENNY. From flic counties of Jefferson, Isl and, Clalam and Whatcom—PAUL K. III! BUS. The Council was temporarily organ ized by the election of 11. 1* Caples, President; W. 11. Wood was appointed Clerk; .John A. Tenant, Assistant Clerk ; 11. Conolly, Sergeaht-at-Arms, and David Drury, Door Keeper. Messrs. Clark, Woodard and Bur bank were appointed a committee on credentials, when the Council ad journed. TtiusrMT, Dee. 4, 1860. After the adoption of the report ©f committee on Credentials, the Council was permanently organized by the elec tion of the following officers; PAUL K. Hiatus, President. L. D. Drnoiy, Chief Clerks JOHN A. TENANT, Assistant Clefk. IT UUH CONNOLV, Scrgealit-at-Arnufe WM. N. HORTOX, Door Keeper. On being conducted to tho Chair, Col. H rims presented his thnnkatothc Council for an honor, he suid, that wan as unexpected as it was uudeserved. lie had held that sonic one of the re tiring members was proper to the posi tion of presiding officer. "It is," said he, "a position of much responsibility. I bespeak, at the outset, your indulg ence and oversight of inevitable error, but not of intentional tault. The ses sion will be one of deep importance to this great Territory, destined to take rank at no distant day as one of the United States of America. You arc hero representing the commercial and industrial interests that float upon and border the great inland sea beside us, and you are here representing that im mense field east of the Cascade range, rapidly becoming the great producing portion of the Territory. Our relations with die Government thousands of miles from us in the east, assume at this moment more than ordi nary interest. The sluggish mails from the homes of our infancy bring us tidings of threatened fraternal strife, tile very name of which covers with sadness'the heart of every patriot. Since tho "Old Thirteen" accom plished a revolution greater in its con sequences than any other known by his tory, there has been added a score of States to the Union. If ever one of the three and thirty stars l>e blotted from our escutcheon, though the azure field l»e draped in mourning tor a time (which may God avert) we will not be*