Newspaper of The Washington Standard, December 22, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated December 22, 1860 Page 2
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. Port Townsend to Sherbourg, or False Dungeness. I"mler a suspension of the rules read three times anu passed. The resolutions from the Council re lating to the Union were taken up. These resolves, brimming over with patriotic fervor and fear of foreuja ilijiu iMir, proclaimed that the integrity of the Union should be maintained unless some Constitutional right of a State were invaded by the General Govern ment : as this admits the right of a State to nullity an act.of Congress, if it deems its rights assailed, we are happy to chronicle that the House repudiated the heresy by the decisive vote of 17 to 8. The committee of Ways and Means (Mr. Bozarth) made the following re port on the Council Bill making an ap propriation for cleaning and repairing the Territorial arms: '•That the amount appropriated id neither extravagant nor unjust, but on the contrary, we find that the labor nec essi'ry to put the arms in proper condi tion and repair would cost at a moder ate allowance fully twice thesuui named in the bill. We are convinced by the testimony of several witnesses that the arms were in very bad condition "/««.•- ing been used o>/ the Republicans in firing a seil ate in honor of Ibe election of '■llonest Abe: " [The salute fired by the liepulicans in honor of Oregon rebuking Lane and secession, was bv one howitzer kindly loaned by Q. M. General Miller.] —Kb. The committee go on to state that they are of opinion that the bill possess es some merit, but would recommend tiiat the Quartermaster General be in structed to present an authenticated bill of particulars to the Executive Commit tee ot'tlie (!not Republican Rarhj oflhis Territorv, ami demand immediate pay ment. Notwithstanding the report, the bill passed, after which the House ad journed. TiEvismitmsnsuu . «-• • - SATURDAY, PECEMIJEU 22, 18(50. "The people of these I'nitiM States lire the rightful m:ister> of both Coii;;rc-ses it ml Court?, not to overthrow the Constitution. lint to over throw the men who pervert the Constitution."— AUIIAIIAM LINCOLN. "A Merry Christmas to Ye All!" On our first page will be found an ar ticle embodying many details in regard to the history of the establishment of Christmas festivities by different na tions. How well we remember *the time honored custom in older settlements, of the Xews Carrier going around among the patrons and subscribers of public journals, carrying with him a poetic ad dress, and wishing the " compliments of the season" to those he served! In return the duty was enjoined of unbur dening the pocket, and making glad the heart of the poor carrier by the be stowal of a small gift. We are not old enough yet for its revival in our midst, yet it is proper for us, who live by your kind encouragement, to*' embrace so fitting an opportunity to wish most cor dially to each of our patrons and friends a merry, merry Christmas. "We have it thorough appreciation of the weight of our obligation to you for your kind patronage and support. Without vonr kindlv aid, we would be powerless to perform the duty we have assumed in publishing a journal. Youth-like, our hopes were ardent, our expectations great. To your lib erality and confiding generosity are we compelled to acknowledge that thus far our success has much over-reached our most sanguine expectations. In the gladsome merry-making holv days, which will have been entered upon before anotherissuc of this paper, let our fervently-felt best wishes for your happiness and joy be with you. Let that prayer of our's accompany you through life's journey. May many re turns of this most happy anniversary be your lot, and may each succeeding one confer upon you an amount of pleasure equal to that we feel in wish ing you well. I3anish for the time all feelings of personal rancor and hate. Lay aside all differences alienating you from friends. Thankful to COD for his ines timable gift to our whole race, a gift which at one andthesame time secured us our Model of Life, our Teacher of the Way to Heaven, our Saviour and v 1 Redeemer, from the tainting and corrupting influences of sin and death. Let us be guided by His divine pre cepts, teaching love to God and love to our neighbor. Let it be treasured in your recollection, that of all others this day was created for unalloyed happiness and pleasure. It belongs to all of us. Enjoy it, then, as best you may—wisely we trust—but be merry and rejoice, for we have great cause to be thankful. We appreciate and admire that piety which finds comfort and its greatest joy in the outpouring of thankfuluess for the great event Christmas is designed to commemorate; but wchave no heart to censure the course of others, who, of a different vein, "eat, drink and be merry," and thus attest their joy, feel ing happy themselves, and "at peace with the whole tforld aud the rest of mankind." I To each of you, we say, select the 1 most satisfactory manner of attesting your own joy, without marring the happiness of others, or violating any obligation vou owe to vour own char aeter or for the well-being of society; ; and whilst you arc thus enjoying your selves in the hilarities of the passing hour, give one thought to us, and re member that our most cordial feelings are with vou—that it is no mere idle * , fashion of words which prompts us now ' to express to each of you that homely, i but endeared wish, "A MERKY CIMIST i MAS TO YE ALL!" THE FAIR. —The Fair held by the la dies of St. John's Episcopal Church, on Thursday and Friday evenings last, for the aid of their ministry, passed olf ad mirably. A larger attendance than we remember to have witnessed in this place, greeted the fair ones, and we doubt not that the proceeds of their la bor exceeded even their most san guine expectations. The hall was taste fully festooned with tlags and ever greens, which, together with the heuu tious maidens, who so smiliuirlv con ' » t vinced us that tliev were vcrv dear, * » " combined to transport us to the fairy scenes described in the "Epicurean." The supper was well-arranged and bounteous, with almost every delicacy the mind could suggest. Dr. Eggers' Brass Hand discoursed sweet music, and under its potent charms care seemed banished, and joy reigned supreme. We congratulate the ladies upon the success of their undertaking, and would express the wish that all they attempt will prove as satisfactory as the fair at the Washington Hall. Too Goon TO 11 K LOST.—A few DAYS since, Col. Paul K. llubhs visited the Puget Sound Institute. One of the young ladies read the Jiumptd, a col lection of literary contributions by the young misses. Among other contents, rich, racy and interesting, was the fol lowing conundrum : Why is the seat of government of Washington Territo ry like a wagon? Ans —ltccause the Jhthlia had to be turned before it could be moved. After the exorcises, (he Colonel was called upon for remarks, and lie conclud ed by assuring the ladies that if they desired tlfe wagon to go along smoothly tliov must not bear too hard upon the lhUs. A friend who was present suggests thi.t if the llithliti were " greased" some thing might be gained. jfcSpWe visited the St. John's Epis copal Sabbath School last Sabbath af ternoon, and was agreeably surprised to witness the proficiency and decision with which some of the younger class es—mere children—answered questions in the catechism. Another feature, which we wish was more common, was a class of Indian boys, ranging in age from 10 to 10 years, who seemed to take almost if not quite as much inter est in the exercises as the white chil dren. AVo think if parents would oc casionally visit the Sabbath Schools that great advantage would result. It lias long been a matter of surprise to us that more attention has not been bestowed by our missionaries upon the education of the Indians of this coun try. The command is "Go preach to every living creature," and wc confess we do not know the meaning of Holy Writ if a true follower can neglect such an explicit command. "IT'S BETTER TO LAUOII THAN TO CKV." The Pioneer has the nerve to perpetrate a pun at the expense of its defeated par tv, as follows: A "DI.SMAI.ISJI."—The new broom that will sweep clean. A-bruli'nil There's a stoic for you! A democrat who would be guilty of penning the above would laugh at his grandfather's funeral, smile at his wife's outbursts of of ill-temper, or witness the inaugura tion of Lincoln without thoughts of se cession and disunion. jggy* Abe's rails are serving to some purpose out here. We find even Fed eral officials on the fence. They hardly know whether to go over, and run the chances of obtaining pasturage, or ten der their resignation to take place af ter the 4th March. A few of them "allers were Liulc~in democrats." IMPORTANT INFORMATION. —Wo arc happy to inform some of our friends at a distance that a three dollar piece can be transmitted in a letter at single post age. Divorces. Is it not time for the people of Wash ing Territory, to raise their voices by Petition, remonstrance or otherwise, against the growing evil of the Legis lative Assembly—granting Divorces? Legislatures are not the places to hear such applications, and how often does it happen that great wrongs are inflicted in consequence of these acts. But slender testimony is required to sup port the assertion of a member, who is interested in securing a divorce for a constituent, probably one to whom the member is under a weight of political obligation. The member who introdu ces the bill may be satisfied of its just ness and propriety, but is it right, is it proper, that on mere statements of par tics, the rights of the absent should be compromised, and great wrongs perpe trated upon innocent and helpless chil dren, who until they are orphaned by a law passed without their knowledge, have been forever cast upon the world destitute alike of a legal protector, and of the support and protection which the law had secured to them ? Marriage is declared to he a contract. It continues or is supposed to continue until dissolved l»y death. It obligates the hushaud to support the wile, t<> maintain, protect and educate their «ill spring until they have arrived at the age of majority. It is necessary to he solemnized according to law in order to secure these benefits to all concerned. It raises the woman to the rank of wife; it secures to the child pride in parentage and creates in him the o!'liga tion of filial love; it makes society draw the line between virtue and all we adore in woman, on the one hand, and sensuality and prostitution on t ho other. Besides all this, it confers rights upon innocent and helpless third parties, who hv its ordination, know to whom they must look for support and protec tion. A mere contract between A and 15, for a few paltry dollars, cannot be rescinded by the Legislature— the fun damental law wisely says, the validity of such a contract shall not be im paired. Your Constitution nobly pro claims, that property shall not be taken even to satisfy such a contract without due process of law. And yet without notice, without service of process, with out being allowed to confront wit nesses, on mere rjr parte statements, this most vital of all contracts, this most solemn of all agreements, this most interesting of all bonds, because it secures the rights of children, and the claims of society, is frittered away. Members consent to a itlruree, not because they arc satisfied a good cause exists, but because policy dictates the support of the measures of other mem bers, to prevent opposition to a favorite measure or measures of their own. Wo ask, is this right? Thus is the most sacred of contracts rendered a mere nullity. Wu all condemn that horrid barbarity, the polygamy of Utah—a domestic institution which under the Kansas-Nebraska act, the people are allowed to settle for themselves. The exercising this right called Popular Soe ereiynlji, assumes in this Territory an equally obnoxious type. A husband may grow tired of his wife, and of the duties of supporting his offspring. It will not do to restrain the freedom ot the individual. The Legislature is asked to secure him his liberty; u wise provision of law says he shall not com mit bigamy. The legislature removes this obstacle, the popular sovereign is free to violate the laws of God and man, and seek a new companion. The same doctrine of "popular sov ereignty " which curses the Territory of Utah with polygamy, is gaining strength in Washington Territory. If it leads to facility of avoiding the marriage contract, freedom to violate the marriage vows, repudiation of the offspring, and a new marriage, let us frown it down, before it becomes for midable. Legislators of the Territory of Wash ington, we Implore you to ponder and reflect upon the course which has been pursued. Arc yon aware that you are making our Territory a by-word and reproach, among civilized states? Are vou aware that soon will be floekinir • N hither from older states where the mar riage contract is respected, and cannot thus easily be gotten rid of—a class of people who will but gain a residence, to enable them to repudiate their most solemn obligations? Arc 3*oll aware that yon are slandering our character, in the eyes of those who would migrate hither with growing families, who will avoid us as they would Utah, because we do not respect those great moral laws lying at the foundation and exis tence of every well regulated social coiiuiumitv ? We trust therefore, that if any more Divorcer based upon reasons, which would not, nor eould not for a moment support them in Court, the only tribu nal where they ought to he introduced, and (then only upon exceedingly nggri vated causes,) let them he hurried up at once, so that such legislative proceed ings will close with this session. The House have organized a committee of five, who sit upon all such cases, and business of this character can be put through expeditiously. It would be wrong to deny any, and now is the time to be divorced. It is a matter of pain thus to speak, but our duty as public journalists, guarding the inter ests of the Territory, induce us to pro claim to the world, that if the majority of our people do not deprecate these tilings, a very respectable minority unhesitatingly and earnestly condemn, this growing evii. Reciprocity cf Trade with British Columbia. We have been shown by the Hon. J. A. Sinims, the member of Council front the Walla Walla and Spokane District, a statement subscribed by a number of reliable American citizens, which is worthy of the attention of the Home (Jovernment. To render the matter intelligent, it must lie remem bered that the -I'.'th parallel which is our Northern Boundary, runs through rich mineral country, lying between the Cascade mountains and the Colum bia Kivcr, and that it is absolutely nec essary that miners travelin <; to and o from the different localities, must cross the parallel. American miners design ing to work in American mines have to traverse a small portion of British Territory, and 1 British miners have to pa.-s through a greater strip of our Ter ritory to reach the mines in British Columbia. No Vnited States officer is in the vicinity to guard the revenue, and thus, huge quantities of Knglish goods are passed through our Territo ry free of duty. But Americans enjoy no such exemp tion. Kverv dollar's worth of mer chandize, has to pay duties, although it is merely carried through British Territory, en mate, for mines south of the Boundary line. A Custom House has been stationed near the line, and British officers are stationed there to make collections. Did these custom house officers stop at the collection of duties, there would be no just cause for complaint; but the following exorbitant taxes in the shape ot Tonnage Dues, Road Tax, Si.-.'., a.o levied. |!,,.i.| Tax ?10.00 Tonnage Dues per Ton .'l.oo Wagons (each) 10,00 Single Teams (eaeh) 4.00 Horsemen All Foreign goods brought into the I'nited States, not regularly entered at J the Custom House, are subject to seiz ure, and it would seem necessary that ; a Deputy 1". S. Maislftd might find i work, if stationed near Fort Colville. | Our revenue laws should not be violated with impunity. But our busi ness is now with the grievances of our fellow citizens, in being subjected to the above enormous taxes for merely passing through British Territory. We urgently implore the general Gov ernment to secure our people from such rapacity and oppression. If that be impossible, then we dcm.'ind that Brit ish miners passing through our Terri tory should incur like restrictions. Such is the only method to protect our traders, and enable them even upon our own soil, to compete with British Columbians. The country in that vicinity is fast filling up. Some 400 American miners are at present winter ing in the American mines. It cannot be expected that our peoplo can long peaceably submit to the exaction of this tribute. To guard against, future difficulty, and not endanger the peace between two nations, the National gov ernment must at once act. TIIK BALL ATTIMWATKH. — We learn that Mr. Carroll is making extensive propositions for the New Vears' Ball, at his Hall at Tumwater. Mr. Carroll has the reputation of being the best caterer, in "these parts." We hope the beauty and fashion of Olympia will be well represented at the New Years' Ball at Tumwater. DEATH OF A PIONEER.— Mr. F. C. Cason, died in Clackamas county, Ore gon, recently. He was among the first emigrants who crossed the Plains for that State, where he has resided till his death. jg@»The ladies of the Congrega tional and M. E. Churches, in Tort land, recently gave suppers, at the Metropolis llotel, in aid of their res pective churches. THANKS —To Capt. Fleming and W. JClaneey Kstj., lor favors. legislative Trcceedinge—Eighth Session. REPORT!!II KXI'ItWHLV FOII THE " STANDARD." Council. i MONDAY Dfcc. 17.—Mr. Ilubbs intro duced a im moi'ial for appropriation for a Military Road connecting Port Town send and Fort Colville by a Road from Point Elliot r in Cady's Pass at the bead of Ski-wah-mi h river. Read twice and ordered printed. Mr, Caples—a memorial for appro priation to complete tbe Military Road from Steilacooin to Vancouver. lTn i der a suspension of tbe rides this me morial received its three several read ings and unanimously passed. Mr. Caples—a memorial relating 1 to tbe putting into operation tbe Land Office at Vancouver. Tbis memorial passed its tbree several readings. It is proper to observe that on tbe 16th May 1800, a Land District called the Colum bia River District was erected. And SK,OOU was appropriated to carry it into effect. For some reason probably tbe mission of Hon. /. T. Stevens of Oregon to Charleston or Baltimore, tbe appro priation Bill, made the expenses of ollicers payable out of proceeds of sale of public lands. Such provision ren dered the law inoperative. AVe trust this memorial will secure the desired effect. The people of that vicinity are surely burdened by being obliged to bring their witnesses to Olympia. Tim Council Territorial Bill ami ehar j ter to K. W. Pierce and others, for Road from Walla Walla into the Clear water mining country, and thence to j intersect the road from Walla Walla to ' ' Port Benton, was taken up. Aiuond- I incuts r< ported by committee on Cor- I poration ( Mr. Clark) being under con sideration. The amendments change the Commissioners, and substitute Ly [ curgus Jackson, James Itradlev and Joseph L. Davis; gives to the Counties ■ through which it passes, certain restrie-! tion powers, and duration of the Char- ! ter. Its discussion consumed eonsid-1 erabletime, a large part of which the. Council were in committee of the whole, (Mr. Denny in the Chair,) Mr. j Burhauk, tried inell'ectually to shorten I the terms. The 1 *il 1 as amended by ! Committee was passed. Several memorials were passed, among which were the following: One praying the appointment of an American Consul for Vancouver Island and British Columbia; and appropri ation for military Road from Steila coom to BcHiugham liay.—Then ad journed. MONDAY DEC. 18.—Mr. Caples—an act to incorporate Columbia River In stitute. Mr. Caples—an act creating the office of Precinct Recorder and defin ing bis duties. The Pilotage Bill of Mr. Jlubhs, was referred to Committee on Commerce'. Most of the morning was spoilt in consideration of the Ri!l for the reim bursement of Hgbert 11. Tucker Ksq., Sherritf of Pierce County, for expen ses of keeping Penitentiary convicts. This Hill asked for an appropriation of lit. The Committee on claims reduced it to about sl,loo, Chief Jus tice MeFadden, was called on to testify. Mr. Tucker's attention and public spirit was highly complimented by all. The amount of services were not disputed. The only objections were to the price of board per day, and the per diem of deputy Jailors. Mr. Clark worked faithfully to secure Mr. Tucker's whole claim, but the Committees allowance was adopted. This gave s">, per week for board'of each convict, and §B, per day, to two assistant Jailors. On mo tion of Mr. (Mark, the Treasury war rant draws 15 per cent interest from date of issue until paid. The Hill as amended was passed. On motion of Mr. Denny the Com mittee on Judiciary were instructed to report a Hill providing for meeting the expenses of the care of Penitentiary convicts. The House Hill restraining swine from running at large in Pierce County being taken up, on motion of Mr. Simnts, extended to County of "Walla Walla. On motion of Mr. Clark, so amended as to include the whole county, without regard to incorporated towns. Thus amended, the Hill was read a third time and passed. Alter being engaged in the reference of certain Hills, to appropriate Com mittees, Council adjourned. ■louNr. MONDAY, Dec. 17. —Mr. Ferguson in troduced a memorial asking an appro priation to complete a wagon road from Kockland to Fort Colville, via White Bluff. Mr. Harris—a memorial for appro priation of $20,000, to bo expended on so much of military road from Steila eooin to Fort Vancouver as lies between Monticello and Olympia. This memo rial, under suspension of the rules wan passed. Mr. Anderson presented tho petition of Elizabeth Anderson for a divorce. On his motion it was referred to the Special Divorce Committee, with in structions to report a bill. On motion of Mr. Havs, all memori als heretofore passed were directed to be be enrolled and signed forthwith, so as to be dispatched by the Secretary of the Territory by steamer m»v daily looked for. Mr. Hyatt—a memorial for appropri ation for military road from Jiclling ham Bay to Fort Colville. Head third time and passed. Mr. Berry-—an act relating to print ing of laws—limiting the time of cxc cut ion of the printing to forty days after adjournment, and making deductions from pay in event of failure to eonforni to this act. Mr. Ferguson—a House Resolution for inquiring as to the condition of cer tain printing ordered by the House Adopted. Mr. Hyatt moved to abolish special committee on Divorce. Lost, by the decisive vote of 7 to 20. House took up and passed memorial praying the appointment of an Ameri can Consul at Vancouver's Island. After discussing and passing several divorce bills, the House adjourned. Tn:s DAY, Dec. 18.— Mr. Ferguson introduced a bill authorizing Thomas Howe to establish a ferry on the Colum bia river at White Bluffs. The motion of Mr. Beriy in regard to printing of the laws, referred, oil motion of Mr. Hale, to committee on Printing. The memorial of Mr. Hyatt, relating to defenses upon Puget Sound and praying for two war steamers to be sta tioned thereon, was taken up. Mr; Hyatt addressed the House at length, and earnestly invoked the attention of the Government to our numerous griev ances, and to our claims upou it for pro jection. He assorted that we should have at least two men-of-war on the North-west coast and Puget Sound— one equal in men and metal to any in j the British service, the a fleet screw-steamer, of light draft of water, I constantly guarding our settlements j from attacks of Northern Indians. These vessels to be independent of any other service. He alluded to the mur der of Sehroter and others, and the pro ceedings in regard to the extradition of the murderers. The speaker then re ! viewed at length the policy of theßrit j ish and Hudson's Bay authorities to j wards Americans, tbe taking of tbe boy j Charley from the steamer Eliza Atider ' ><//', in the harbor of Victoria, and final ly, their absurd claim for the Island of San Juan. [While we recognize as true very much of what was said by the speaker, we doubt the policy of indulg ing i" language of elimination against tbe British outhorities. We trust, however, that our Government will never surrender the island of San Juan to what weeoneeiveto be tbe ill-founded claim of Great Britain.] In reviewing the history of the Oregon Controversy, we were struck with the condemnatory language which Mr. Hyatt used for that blunder of James Buchanan, then Secretary of State, in surrendering so much of " Oregon." [We would insert Mr. Hyatt's re marks at length, bad we the spaco to do so. Asidt from the censorious lan guage. it is a very creditable effort.] Mr. Bowles introduced a resolution in regard to the refusal of Legislature to receive certain printed matter. Mr. Coupe introduced a new license law, providing a graduated license from s">o to S4OO, to be fixed by Comity Commissioners. Mr. Catinady—an act to create the county of Shoshone. The new county embraces all of Washington Terr'y that is, the h:nd excluded from Oregon when constituted a State, which never was included in any county or ganization, and lies south of the*46tlt parallel, and east of Snake river. The Commissioners of Walla "Walla arc au thorized to establish precincts and ap point officers to conduct the next gen eral election, and on the qualification of such officers, the act goes into effect. Failing to hold such election, the territory referred to is annexed to Walla Walla county. The memorial for wagon road from Rockland to Fort Colville passed. The House indefinitely postponed ft licence law, leaving amount discretion ary with County Commissioners. This bill was introduced by Mr. Coupe some days ago. The bill to-day introduced diners in its provisions, as will be seen above. The House passed the bill author izing Messrs. Jackson and Huckev to establish a ferry across Snake river; , also the bill for Territorial road from from Vancouver to Cascades; also the acts amending the Olympia and Van couver # charters; also the Council memorial praying the appointment of a Commissioner to treat with the Nes Perce Indians, for a change of bounda ries in their reservation: also two bill* legalizing certain acts of J. J. H. Van Hokkclin, as Notary Public and County Auditor of Jefferson county; also County Joint Resolution, praving that 44 Harney Depot" nuiv be established M a military post; ami also the Council Memorial for the establishment of Land Ollices at Vancouver. Then adjourned. (Sss~Many of the leading citizens of the State were present at Salem, say# am Oregon paper, when the electors met and cast their votes for President and Vice President. Thro© heavy guns were tired in honor of the occa sion. Three cheers by the crowd were given for Lincoln and Hamlin, and' three cheers for the Electors. The na tional flag waved proudly over the- Capitol of tho State, and jio vile and discordant note of secession and treason was heard. SS-TN'e learn that Win. H. "Weeks, one of the Electors, was chosen the Republican Electors of California, to carry the vote of'that State to Wash ington.

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