Newspaper of The Washington Standard, January 5, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated January 5, 1861 Page 2
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that (lie military resources at my dispo sal will bo promptly and actively em ployed wherever the protection of the citizens from the hostilities of liul'ians, or the punishment of Indians for past outrages 'or a preventive against fu ture hostility, may render it necessary. Unless disturbances occur iu another quarter, not now to he anticipated, which may cause a division of the mil itary force underlay command, I have troops enough to secure the immigrant route within the limits of the depart ment from danger on the part of the Snake Indians. All that is necessary is the money to furnish the transporta tion of supplies indispensable, and for thojestablishnieiit at Fort Boise. I am, Sir, Very Respectfully, Your Obedient Servant. U. WRIUIIT, Col. Oth Infantry, Coiudg. THE \VASHI\(iTO\ STAMl\lll). SATURDAY, JANUARY o, 18(51. '•The people of these t.'nitol States an. the rightful musters of both Congresses ami Courts, not to overthrow the Constitution, l-tit to over throw tlie men who pervert the Constitution." AIIRAIIAM LINCOLN. Senator Trumbull's Speech. On the outside of to-day's issue will l»e found the speech of Senator Trum bull, oil tlie 20th November last, at Springfield, II!., 011 the occasion of a • serenade to ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Presi dent Elect. Apart from its intrinsic merits, as the well matured sentiments of an able Statesman and an honest man, it derives importance, in the pres ent juncture of affairs, from the fact that Mr. Lincoln was present at its de livery, and the inference is sought to bo drawn, that it foreshadows the policy of the incoming Administration. Talc ing this view of it, we fearlessly com mend it to every candid man, every lover of his country, as purely national, eminently conservative, and ably calcu lated "to throw oil upon the troubled waters." "We were not a little surprised by the last issue of the Pioneer and Democrat, although entirely with-holding the speech itself from its readers, assailing that speech, garbling its language, and criticising sentiments, the promulga tion of which, will be vainly looked for in the speech—ifeC'll. \\ e invite a careful reading of it, and we boldly in quire, "does it deal in vague generali ties?" as charged by that journal. Does "it show either an extreme care lessness in defining Mr. Lincoln's posi tion or an extreme care in avoiding ' that definition ?" The Pioneer so al leges. Is this charge true ? We do not care to know Mr. Lin coln's policy, till his inauguration makesit necssary for hiintoaimounccit. It is enough for us to know that Senator Trumbull, speaking in his presence, 1 assures 11s what we so well believed before, that " wlien Mr. Lincoln be comes President, lie will be the Presi dent of the Union, not ol' the Republi can party: that he will protect and de-1 fend the Constitutional rights of all of j the States, not merely of those who cast their votes for him." The careful rea- j der of our Federal Constitution need have 110 difficulty in ascertaining what "rights" are coded to the general gov ernment; having learned that, he has ! sufficient intelligence in regard to the "reserved rights" of the States, so much prated about by secessionists and nulli fiers. It was not Senator Trumbull's business to deliver a lecture upon the construction of that sacred and plainly written instrument, nor was it his fault that the editor of the Pioneer is igno rant of what thfc "reserved rights" of a State are. So far as the " negro ques tion" is concerned, and that is the great bugbear agitating the country, Mr. Trumbull is very explicit; we cannot see why even the editor of the Pioneer can fail to understand. Ile says, and so liave said all of Mr. Lincoln's speeches, u that to the States is left the, control of their domestic institutions and that the fir. ■publican Part'/, the citizens of the North, and the general government itself hare no move right to interfere irith slavery in the States, than with serfdom in Jtussia." The editor of the Pioneer , if he will study a little of national politics and what the Republican creed really is, and forget the usual Democratic argu ment the last six years of bandying op probrious epithets, such as "Black Re publican," "fanatic," "irrepressible con flict," "abolitionist," "amalgamation ist," &e., he will at the proper time for Mr. Lincoln to deliver his inaug ural address, know sufficient to appre ciate it. That editor boasts that the Democrats have the Legislative and J udieial Departments of the govern ment against Mr. Lincoln's administra tion. Why then this anxiety to force from Mr. Lincoln the expression of his line of polii y. while the Democrats .-till have ttV of the Department# ot the gov ernment? Mr. Lincoln does not com mence his administration till -Ith of March and it would be highly improper, to say the least of it, for hi.* now advancing his views. | The allusion of tin* Pioneer to Trumbull's remarks on the Fugitive Slave Law and its execution is ex tremely unfair. Mr. Trumbull's speech justifies no charge of dishonesty or evasion, lie says, "that if the charge he true, that such law is practically nul lified at the North, South Carolina is not affected in the least, and has no just occasion for complaint. The bor der States are the sufferers." We go farther, and assert that the Clulf States are benefited pecuniarily, by slave prop erty being made uncertain and dillicult to keep in the bonier States, thus stim ulating an anxiety on the part of citi zens of such border States to dispose of that property, thereby cheapening the value, of the human chattels, in which South Carolina so loves to deal. Indeed in seeking a reason to justify South Carolina's recent disunion antics, we have been forced to adopt the the ory of the conservative Union men re sidingin the border States, that the lire eaters of the gulf States have raised all this agitation to cheapen the price of negroes. j The 'Pioneer regrets Mr. Lincoln has : seemingly authorized Mr. Trumbull to ; take hold i/round against scei'ssuai. Whv then did that papi r assume to condemn Joe Lane for his ridiculous effusion in I favor of secession ? It won't do. That journal cannot condemn Joe Lane for secession, and in the same issue de nounce Senator Trumbull for that glo rious prophetic avowal <>[" what is to be the key-note of the Lincoln adminis tration. ."The f'nion, it mast and .shall be jiresem d, and ,ror ID the 'J radars irho are marshah d itga>nsl't. ' Republicans have the right to ask a suspension of opinion in regard to Mr. Lincoln's administration until he shall have committed sonic of those dreaded acts, haunting the imagination of the editor of the /'loneir. There will then be time to criticise and condemn. Suiely, with a Congress against the new President, a party majority on the Supreme Bench, which painful and hu miliating as is the reflection, Democrats boldly rely upon to be partisan, where can be the danger? And though we cannot credit it, that even that Bench which gave life to the heresy baptised the Bred Scott decision, are as partisan as that journal claims for them, yet do we assert, that as il is claimed by high Democratic authority that the Legisla tive and Judicial departments, are ad verse to the Executive, surely, the /'/«- neer ought to be content, until some wrong is attempted. We regard Mr. Trumbull's speech as the opposite of what the Pioneer portrays it, in the following language : "We would rather view it as a cam paign speech made in the heat of a great election excitement, when the smoke had hardly cleared from the bat tle field, than as a calm production." That speech his been read from the shores of the Atlantic to the Pacific, from the Gulf of Mexico, to our north ern boundary. Conservative national men, patriotic journals every where without regard to party have com mended it as a well timed effort, calcu lated to allay sectional strife, and call the whole country to a calm determina tion to give Mr. Lincoln's administra tion a fair trial, before countenancing the commission ot that most horrid of crimes, Treason to the Xational Union. Republicans of Washington Territo ry, be not dismayed! Just such mis representations of our principles as is made by the Pioneer of Sir. Trumbull's sentiments, together with branding our party with epithets odious to the peo ple, have been resorted to for years, and by such arguments alone have we been worsted in popular contests. You now have a jnrxs which will assert your right*, advance the standard of our party in every combat with the Democ racy, and untiringly labor to cx pose such perversions of truth. In a short period—we bide the time hope fully—the lofty patriotism and true nationality of the administration of ABIIAUAM LINCOLN will furnish the ref utation of all such charges. We have no fear of the result. Then will be demonstrated all we claim for our prin ciples : that the government must be administered in accordance with them, would the people desire to secure pros perity to the Union and the preserva tion of our National Constitution. | TlM.' re-election of Senator Trum* bull ir certain. Indian Troubles. Tlie A'ltrcrfiscr says there is reason to four that wo stre on tlio eve of another Indian war. We have information wliieh is deemed reliable that. Major Owens, Agent lor the Flat Head In dians, has made a requisition upon the military authorities for troops to pro tect the settlers in his district of country. —This requisition came in by express, and after the letter alluded to below, had been dispatched from Fort Owen. In a letter addressed to Mr. Geary, Supt. of Indian Affairs, and received last night, dated at I litter Hoot Valley on the 3d inst., and which that gentle man luu kindly permitted us to quote from, Major Ow ens says: " l have just dismissed a delegation of Snake and Salmon Falls Indians. Tliev are in the most destitute condi tion. Charges have been tiled against them of killing cat tie here belonging to our settlers. They don't deny the charge and their appearance confirms the rea sons they assigned for proving on the property of others, which was nothing loss than obedience to the first laws of nature. They have already killed some twen ty head of stock belonsjinir to the sct -11 el's in IK-or Lodjye valley, and openly threaten to exterminate the ncwly tled«;ed colony. llow loni; it may he before the walls of Fort Owen may he put under contribution for the protec tion of our settlers is not known. Il would not surprise me at any moment. Steps are already beini; taken for the organization ol'a mounted military com pany for our own protection. AVe do not know at what moment the call may he blown to take the saddle for the distant and unprotected settlement of Deer Lodire valley." CtinisT.M \s AM) Ni:\v Yi: \it. —These holidays were celebrated * with great spirit by our citizens, the weather being exceedingly pleasant for the wintersea son. On Christmas Day, religions ser vices were held in the various churches coinniemorafivo of the occasion, and our citizens generally vied with each other iu making good cheer. 15lit Christmas is peculiarly " Young Amer ica's" holiday, standing in the same re lation to hi in as ilocs the Fourth of .1 uly to those of maturer years—a day of uni versal independence. Then it is that —to use a "vulgarism"—Young Amer ica "feels his oats" hugely. On this occasion we noticed a company of boys, iu battle array, parading the streets, headed by life and drum, and woe to the unwary one who refused to accede to their very modest rc/inst, " A Merry Christmas!" which when iutroprcted means, "ifyou are blessed with a sur plus of the 'invincible,' please recipro cate our good wishes." At three o'- clock, the Olynipia J trass Band dis coursed sweet music from the verandah iu front of the Washington Hotel, and the day closed with a ball at the Wash ington. New Year's Day, was opened with a ball at Tumwater, and another at Steilacooni. The day was princi pally devoted to that time-honored cus tom—making "calls." We noticed several parties who must have been re ceived very cordta/h/ by their fair friends, as they seemed to be in the best o{ spirits. P.iusK Ri sixkss, —The Colonist savs, »• 7 over the Sound must be a brisk place to settle down at. Yesterday a gentle man located at one of the small towns, received tho following from his part ner : Dear : Yours received, contents noted, Husincss lively—sold a jacknife yesterday. , our neighbor across the street, disposed of a shirt to-day. Yours, . I'. S. "Both sales on a liberal credit. Jacknives and shirts, consequently, looking up. LKWIS COUNTY SPECIAL ELECTION.— The special election for a Representa tive tor the County of Lewis, to till the seat declared vacant hy the J louse, took place on Wednesday, Dee. 26th, 1800. The following is the result hy pre cincts : Stearns, (Rep.)— Hois Fort, pre cinct 12, Clatpiato IK, Cowlitz 31, Ne waukuin 2, total 68. Winston (Dent.) Hois Fort 6, Claquato 10, Cowlitz 7, Xowaukunt 8, total 40.—Majority for Stearns, (Hep.) 23. ANNIVERSARY HALL. —Through the kindness of Mr. Jones, we have been tendered a complimentary invitation to uttend the Hall to be given next Tues day evening, January, Bth, at Washing ton Hall. With the best music mid hall in tliuTerritory, this ball cannot fail to be a brilliant affair. We hope to see it well attended. publication of the lioseburg E.rprc<' has been discontinued. Dec. lOlli, 18(50. Gatherings by the Wayside. Christmas passed oft'quietly in Fort land. The usual religious performan ces were had—the children made happy —and all enjoyed a pleasant holyday. Great confidence exists in Oregon of the speedy payment of the war debt. The fact is complimentary to the new Congressional delegation. It is in contemplation to run steamers to the gold diggings 011 Clear. Water river, next Spring, provided that these dig gings shall ho found not to he on the Indian Reservation. The daily mail failed to reach Portland several days last week, from California, in conse quence of high water in Southern Ore gon. The cocoons sent by Mr. Pro vost, of California, to the silk-worm raisers of France, have been pronounced livthein to be of the best quality. \\'m. .1. Hoggs, late assistant editor of the left Portland on the steamer of the 14th ult. for California. The receipts for postages for the quarter ending Sept. 30, of the year ISIIO, between California and the Fast by Overland stages is §.'>7,000, against by the < )coau steamers. \Vhen tlie difference in the rate of postage by the two routes is considered, the figures

most flatteringly proclaim the prefer ence of correspondents for the stage line. The postage on letters by steam er is ton cents, hv static three cents. I V —Twonty-two ]>livsu-isins in New I'ork City are said to earn iiiinitalh from SIO,OOO to $40,000, and of this nninlx'i* four arc liojneopatliists. i Tin l steamer California was advertised j to leave Sail Francisco on the 2!' th lilt. The military company which was sent to the Nez 1 Vrce country to induce tlie miners to leave that region have re j turned to Walla Walla. They were unable to reach the mines, in conse quence of the mountain passes being blocked up with snow. We hope that the boundaries ot'the Reservation may he definitely established bclbre serious ' dilliciilties ensue. A moniiinent is about to be erected to Rishop Hooper; Jon the spot where he was burnt. A i lew years ago the remains of the stake and chain were excavated there. The Portland papers justly complain of the wretched condition of the streets at that place. If a portion of the money which is expended in lighting the city with gas, was appliediu grading, build ing side-walks, and removing rulibish, a greater benefit would be accomplished. To use a "Serantoiiian'." I'ortlaml is striving Ibr "grandeur," and is deter mined not to hide her H<ihl. There are 1 .">,OOO hotel and tavern keepers iu New York State. The steamer Ore //./«. which left Portland on the 27th, took down 'I,OOO boxes of apples; (!."»()(> sacks of flour; hides, chickens, lard, &e. The low price at which freight is carried results very nnich to the advan tage of pro(luccis. The Mmmtaiueer savs, an order has been issued by Col. Wright. removing the head-quarters of the Fourth Infantry from Vancouver to the Italics. This plan will place Maj. Scott Ketchuni, ot'the 4th Infant ry in command at that post. Many children in Oregon have died by that dreadful disease dipthcria, or putrid sore throat. We learn that in Clacka iiinas county, tour children, in one liim il v died in the space of a week. An exchange says flirt California wheat in New York markets commands 81 30 and $1 4."». A very choice article com mands even a higher rate. The steamer Santa (hiz left Portland for Victoria on the 81st ult. The steam er Pacific ou her last trip to S. F. took down i,. r »00 barrels of flour and 4,100 boxes ofapples. The hark Ork, Capt. A. Y. Tntsk, arrived at Webber's wharf, Steilaeoom, on the 28th ult. Chang and Kng, the celebrated Siamese twins, are on exhibition in San Fran cisco. They will extend then* tour through Oregon. (.low Whiteaker pardoned Livingstone for assault with intent to kill, lie had been in the Pen itentiary three years and a half, and only had six mouths longer to serve. The London journals pronounce the Great Eastern a complete failure. The Portland Daily Actcs has been dis continued. The latest news from the Wenatchee gold diggings represent the weather as favorable. The dig gings continue good, but the miners would soon bo compelled to go into winter quarters. It is said that silver mines have been discovered up Young's river, opposite Astoria. McGowan, Delegate from Arizonia, is instructed to ask for the admission of that Terri tory into the Southern Confederacy. At the late election in Arizonia, it is said that about live times as many votes were polled as there were voters living iu the country. The Ala bama Legislature authorized a tax of §200,000 for secession purposes. The people in Montgomery county passed bitter resolutions against the measure. The newLindell Ilotel in St. Louis is 270 feet by 227 feet, and will cost $700,000. TlioN. O. Delta savs that "tho great danger in' Mr. Lincoln's "election is, that he will administer the government honestly, and therefore in sur(> the continued strength of tho Re publican party." We learn from the Missouri Republican that a detachment of troops will proceed from "NValla Walla to the scene of massacre on Sal mon river to obtain the survivors in the hands of the Indians and to punish the aggressors. Too good to be true. It is said that one thousand letters were deposited in tho Post Office in New York the day after tho Presidential election, addressed to Abraham Lin -1 coin. The negro suffrage amend meat to the New York Constitution was overwhelmingly defeated at the re cent election. The Attn (jalifurwin' 8 correspondent in Illinois,writes: "Mr. Lincoln expressed a great deal of plcas at the election of Col. E.' 1). Baker as U. S. Senator from Oregon, and said he knew Bilker to be a true man for any emergency." The ladies of the Con gregational Church, in Portland, have presented their pastor's wife with a sewing machine. President Buch anan has disposed of every dollar's worth of stocks owned by him in New York within a few weeks past. An elope ment recently took place at Portland. The happy couple took a small boat and paddled down the river. They doubt-* less have started in life determined to paddle their own canoe. From the Mines. The following letter was received by W. N. Avers, Esq., from a reliable gentleman formerly of this place: AMERICA CITY, Nov. 26, 18G0. FRIEND AYERS— Sir: I promised to write to you and give the news from the mines. I arrived here from the Dalles on the 16th inst. There was some min ing going on then,but it is now closed. "We have no snow, but it is getting too cold to mine. There will be about 1.000 men, all told, at Rock Creek, Okanagan and here, during the winter, which will last up to March, next when mining will commence again. These pay very well there are some claims that do not pay working. Noland, Swart & Co. have the richest diggings. They three took out S7OO in one day, 20 l'cet deep. They have taken out pieces weighing $2 50 and $8 00, and Weil & Co. one weighing $32. Noland & Co. have taken out §7,000 since last May, when they first commenced min ing. New diggings arc being discov ered down Kettle river, in our good old I'ncle's territory, which is probably the bc-t we know of as yet. New dig giugsare also beingfouml up the Okan agan river, towards Eraser. The \Vc natchce mines arc attracting sonic at tention. This stream takes itsriscnear the Sno(|ualmic Pass, or Terry's De feat, as some of the Seattle folks ("all it. Its course is nearly duo east, and emp ties into the Columbia, 60 miles above Priest's Rapids. Valley Flour is selling here at S2O per hundred: Colville Flour, sl6; Ha-J con, . r jo<\; Beef (fresh) 1 "> and 20c.. and everything else in proportion. What we want now is a good wagon road from the Dalles to Kettle river—one upon which we can put our six-mule teams, and freight our goods at a better advantage. Packing is the last resort of transportation in any country. It is done at great expense, and is, at the best, a very hard slavish work. There is nothing else of importance to write. Old Abe must certainly be elected President, for the air is as cical as a bell—we have not had a cloudy day for the past week. I doubt whether we will hear the result »f the election this winter, for the snow will soon close up the land communication over the hills, iind we are all to ourselves. If there were stations on the road, this would be a fine country for traveling in during winter. The snow is not too deep for good sleighing, and we have none of your Oregon mists up here. Respects to all. lam, Respectfully Yours, SHIRLEY ENSIUX. News from the Interior. Bv the Carrie La<l<l hist evening, we received news from St. Mary's valley, forwarded from Walla Walla on the 18th inst. We have not space for the whole letter to-day. Among the most important items which it contains, we insert the following: Numerous settlers from the Dalles, Walla Walla and Colville, have recent ly located in the Bitter Root valley and llellguto lionde, and several trail ing posts have been established. An emigration lias settled in Deer Lodge valley. A Mormon having ten men under him, and a large band of stock, had ar rived at the Deer Lodge to prepare the way for a large eolony of Mormons in tlie Spring. The settlers are disturbed, and have advised the Mormon to leave. This he refuses to do, saving that he will reitfciin and abide the consequences. The Salmon river Snakes, or Ban nocks, have attacked the white settlers at Beaver Head, killing many of.their cattle, and forced the settlers to fly to Deer Lodge for protection. These In dians have about (>OO warriors, ai.d are very defiant. They are the murderers of the emigrants, ami Deer Lodge and Heaver Head are their old mustering grounds. The Flathead* and Pend d'Oreilles are very much disaffected about their reservation, and there are numerous whites in tlie valleys who will not res pect the authority of the Government agent there, but are constantly inciting the Indians to acts of aggression. A strong military force is urged as of immediate necessitv. On the 30th Dec. an express arrived from Fort Hen ton, which reported that thePcnd d'Or'n lUs at Buffalo fought the Assiuaboines mid had ten men Killed, and 20 wounded, and lost 300 horses. The chief A lexander's son was killed. Ten bodies of Indians were found at an old Sioux camp, and the conjecture is that Capt. Reynold's party of U. S. Engineers have had a brush with the Sioux. 'J'iiiH'e . Dec. 29th. Usury Law. ! EDITOR STANDARD I understand ! there is a bill before the Legislature, designed to establish a usury law. I have not learned its provisions. But I think a law restricting the rate of inter t est within just lifnits, is urgently called j for. The present rates of interest e.v ; acted, are 111 my judgment, far greater than in justice should be asked, or by ;an honest business can be paid. Many j of our first settlers have been rendered i bankrupt by paying it, and some of our best citizens arc struggling with despair ing energy to pay the intercbl upon a principal utterly beyond a reasonable hope of liquidation. Very well, some say, money is worth what it will bring,, and such men need not have hired the money. But in what sense is monev worth* what it will bring ? Is it worth it because, a few individuals have money and they have an understand ing tacit or expressed, that they will charge a certain per cent? By tins rule, money it is said, has been worth six per cent a month. But we need only to look around us to see that the laboring men of the country, the class who must sustain and build up our Ter ritory, cannot pay a interest than is customary in the Atlantic States, And if they are imprudent enough to attempt it, they ought to have law or a guardian to prevent them. But it is said if this large interest is not allowed the capital will leave the country. Let it go ! 1 have known more men ruined because they could hire money, than because they could not. The true remedy for bard times is hard work. Sonic merchants say they can aliord to pay the interest of the country. But how? Of course by charging it to their customers, so most of it must in that case be paid by the labor of the countrv. And this same rule necessarily ex tends throughout the business of the country. Everything is attempted to be kept up, corresponding to this high and fictitious value placed upon money. While labor, the real basis upon which all business rests, cannot at the present time sustain such high estimates. The I result is, a few men arc becoming very wealthv, by reaping the fruits of other men's labor, without really returning to them a just equivalent. The money lender, amtylic borrower are both in jured. The borrower by exhausting all his time and means to pay this hitant interest, is rendered incapable of promoting the educational, moral and religious interests of the country, while the* money lender, by an increased hard ness of heart, has no desire to do so. Important Decisions by the Register and' Receiver ot W. T. OJ.YMPIA, Nov. 14th, 1860. In the matter of Emily A. Ebcy, wid ow of Isaac N. Ebev, deceased vs. the Heirs of Uebecca \V. Ebcy, deceased, first wife of Isaac N. Ebev, deceased. For Plaintiff—Messrs. Anderson, llubbs find Dcnnisou. Pro Contra— Mr. Ehvood Evans. 1. The 4th section of Donation Act, (Sept. 27 18i>0) refers to those only, who had become entitled to the grant before, and died after the passage of the act. 2. The Bth section of same act, only includes cases, where husband died before expiration of four years resi dence. 3. The 4th section describes the class of claimants, and prescribes the re quirements of four years residence* and cultivation. 4. The grant under the 4th section is to the settler, not to the wife, i. e. one half to himself and one half to wife by virtue of marriage before- Dee. Ist 1851. 5. As no action of wife is neeessarv i« perfection of title, her death uous not interfere with the settler making' his full residence. The facts in the case are admitted by both, parties and proven by the papers on file in this office. Kebecca W., first wife of Isaac N. Kliev, was married to him in October, 1848, and resided with him upon his donation claim (on which he had settled in 1850) from November 1851, to the time of her death, on the 28th of September, 1858, leaving tlireo children now living. Emily A., the surviving widow of Isaac N. Ebev, was married to hint on the 21st of January, 1856, and resided with him upon Ins claim, from that time to his death in August, 1857, there being no issuo of the second marriage. The widow, fEmily A. Ebey,) now claims, under tlie 4th section or the Donation Act, one half of the claim* of her late husband, in her own right, and an equal portion with tho heirs, in the part which shall be assign ed to her late husband. That clause of the 4th flection of the net of September 27th 1850, which defines the rights of married persons, " who have complied with the provis ions of the law, so as to entitlo them to the grant as above provided, and who nhall have died before patent issues" refers, as is shown by the change of tense from past to the future, to those onlv, who had become entitled to the grant, before, and died after the passage of the act, and is not applica ble in the case of tk? first or second wife of 1. N. Ebey. The Bth section, provides only for tn« death of the husband, before the expi ration of the four years residence re quired by law. The 4th section describe.? what chiii