## Newspaper of The Washington Standard, January 5, 1861, Page 2

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most flatteringly proclaim the prefer ence of correspondents for the stage line. The postage on letters by steam er is ton cents, hv static three cents. I V —Twonty-two ]>livsu-isins in New I'ork City are said to earn iiiinitalh from SIO,OOO to $40,000, and of this nninlx'i* four arc liojneopatliists. i Tin l steamer California was advertised j to leave Sail Francisco on the 2!' th lilt. The military company which was sent to the Nez 1 Vrce country to induce tlie miners to leave that region have re j turned to Walla Walla. They were unable to reach the mines, in conse quence of the mountain passes being blocked up with snow. We hope that the boundaries ot'the Reservation may he definitely established bclbre serious ' dilliciilties ensue. A moniiinent is about to be erected to Rishop Hooper; Jon the spot where he was burnt. A i lew years ago the remains of the stake and chain were excavated there. The Portland papers justly complain of the wretched condition of the streets at that place. If a portion of the money which is expended in lighting the city with gas, was appliediu grading, build ing side-walks, and removing rulibish, a greater benefit would be accomplished. To use a "Serantoiiian'." I'ortlaml is striving Ibr "grandeur," and is deter mined not to hide her H<ihl. There are 1 .">,OOO hotel and tavern keepers iu New York State. The steamer Ore //./«. which left Portland on the 27th, took down 'I,OOO boxes of apples; (!."»()(> sacks of flour; hides, chickens, lard, &e. The low price at which freight is carried results very nnich to the advan tage of pro(luccis. The Mmmtaiueer savs, an order has been issued by Col. Wright. removing the head-quarters of the Fourth Infantry from Vancouver to the Italics. This plan will place Maj. Scott Ketchuni, ot'the 4th Infant ry in command at that post. Many children in Oregon have died by that dreadful disease dipthcria, or putrid sore throat. We learn that in Clacka iiinas county, tour children, in one liim il v died in the space of a week. An exchange says flirt California wheat in New York markets commands 81 30 and$1 4."». A very choice article com mands even a higher rate. The steamer Santa (hiz left Portland for Victoria on the 81st ult. The steam er Pacific ou her last trip to S. F. took down i,. r »00 barrels of flour and 4,100 boxes ofapples. The hark Ork, Capt. A. Y. Tntsk, arrived at Webber's wharf, Steilaeoom, on the 28th ult. Chang and Kng, the celebrated Siamese twins, are on exhibition in San Fran cisco. They will extend then* tour through Oregon. (.low Whiteaker pardoned Livingstone for assault with intent to kill, lie had been in the Pen itentiary three years and a half, and only had six mouths longer to serve. The London journals pronounce the Great Eastern a complete failure. The Portland Daily Actcs has been dis continued. The latest news from the Wenatchee gold diggings represent the weather as favorable. The dig gings continue good, but the miners would soon bo compelled to go into winter quarters. It is said that silver mines have been discovered up Young's river, opposite Astoria. McGowan, Delegate from Arizonia, is instructed to ask for the admission of that Terri tory into the Southern Confederacy. At the late election in Arizonia, it is said that about live times as many votes were polled as there were voters living iu the country. The Ala bama Legislature authorized a tax of §200,000 for secession purposes. The people in Montgomery county passed bitter resolutions against the measure. The newLindell Ilotel in St. Louis is 270 feet by 227 feet, and will cost $700,000. TlioN. O. Delta savs that "tho great danger in' Mr. Lincoln's "election is, that he will administer the government honestly, and therefore in sur(> the continued strength of tho Re publican party." We learn from the Missouri Republican that a detachment of troops will proceed from "NValla Walla to the scene of massacre on Sal mon river to obtain the survivors in the hands of the Indians and to punish the aggressors. Too good to be true. It is said that one thousand letters were deposited in tho Post Office in New York the day after tho Presidential election, addressed to Abraham Lin -1 coin. The negro suffrage amend meat to the New York Constitution was overwhelmingly defeated at the re cent election. The Attn (jalifurwin' 8 correspondent in Illinois,writes: "Mr. Lincoln expressed a great deal of plcas at the election of Col. E.' 1). Baker as U. S. Senator from Oregon, and said he knew Bilker to be a true man for any emergency." The ladies of the Con gregational Church, in Portland, have presented their pastor's wife with a sewing machine. President Buch anan has disposed of every dollar's worth of stocks owned by him in New York within a few weeks past. An elope ment recently took place at Portland. The happy couple took a small boat and paddled down the river. They doubt-* less have started in life determined to paddle their own canoe. From the Mines. The following letter was received by W. N. Avers, Esq., from a reliable gentleman formerly of this place: AMERICA CITY, Nov. 26, 18G0. FRIEND AYERS— Sir: I promised to write to you and give the news from the mines. I arrived here from the Dalles on the 16th inst. There was some min ing going on then,but it is now closed. "We have no snow, but it is getting too cold to mine. There will be about 1.000 men, all told, at Rock Creek, Okanagan and here, during the winter, which will last up to March, next when mining will commence again. These pay very well there are some claims that do not pay working. Noland, Swart & Co. have the richest diggings. They three took out S7OO in one day, 20 l'cet deep. They have taken out pieces weighing$2 50 and $8 00, and Weil & Co. one weighing$32. Noland & Co. have taken out §7,000 since last May, when they first commenced min ing. New diggings arc being discov ered down Kettle river, in our good old I'ncle's territory, which is probably the bc-t we know of as yet. New dig giugsare also beingfouml up the Okan agan river, towards Eraser. The \Vc natchce mines arc attracting sonic at tention. This stream takes itsriscnear the Sno(|ualmic Pass, or Terry's De feat, as some of the Seattle folks ("all it. Its course is nearly duo east, and emp ties into the Columbia, 60 miles above Priest's Rapids. Valley Flour is selling here at S2O per hundred: Colville Flour, sl6; Ha-J con, . r jo<\; Beef (fresh) 1 "> and 20c.. and everything else in proportion. What we want now is a good wagon road from the Dalles to Kettle river—one upon which we can put our six-mule teams, and freight our goods at a better advantage. Packing is the last resort of transportation in any country. It is done at great expense, and is, at the best, a very hard slavish work. There is nothing else of importance to write. Old Abe must certainly be elected President, for the air is as cical as a bell—we have not had a cloudy day for the past week. I doubt whether we will hear the result »f the election this winter, for the snow will soon close up the land communication over the hills, iind we are all to ourselves. If there were stations on the road, this would be a fine country for traveling in during winter. The snow is not too deep for good sleighing, and we have none of your Oregon mists up here. Respects to all. lam, Respectfully Yours, SHIRLEY ENSIUX. News from the Interior. Bv the Carrie La<l<l hist evening, we received news from St. Mary's valley, forwarded from Walla Walla on the 18th inst. We have not space for the whole letter to-day. Among the most important items which it contains, we insert the following: Numerous settlers from the Dalles, Walla Walla and Colville, have recent ly located in the Bitter Root valley and llellguto lionde, and several trail ing posts have been established. An emigration lias settled in Deer Lodge valley. A Mormon having ten men under him, and a large band of stock, had ar rived at the Deer Lodge to prepare the way for a large eolony of Mormons in tlie Spring. The settlers are disturbed, and have advised the Mormon to leave. This he refuses to do, saving that he will reitfciin and abide the consequences. The Salmon river Snakes, or Ban nocks, have attacked the white settlers at Beaver Head, killing many of.their cattle, and forced the settlers to fly to Deer Lodge for protection. These In dians have about (>OO warriors, ai.d are very defiant. They are the murderers of the emigrants, ami Deer Lodge and Heaver Head are their old mustering grounds. The Flathead* and Pend d'Oreilles are very much disaffected about their reservation, and there are numerous whites in tlie valleys who will not res pect the authority of the Government agent there, but are constantly inciting the Indians to acts of aggression. A strong military force is urged as of immediate necessitv. On the 30th Dec. an express arrived from Fort Hen ton, which reported that thePcnd d'Or'n lUs at Buffalo fought the Assiuaboines mid had ten men Killed, and 20 wounded, and lost 300 horses. The chief A lexander's son was killed. Ten bodies of Indians were found at an old Sioux camp, and the conjecture is that Capt. Reynold's party of U. S. Engineers have had a brush with the Sioux. 'J'iiiH'e . Dec. 29th. Usury Law. ! EDITOR STANDARD I understand ! there is a bill before the Legislature, designed to establish a usury law. I have not learned its provisions. But I think a law restricting the rate of inter t est within just lifnits, is urgently called j for. The present rates of interest e.v ; acted, are 111 my judgment, far greater than in justice should be asked, or by ;an honest business can be paid. Many j of our first settlers have been rendered i bankrupt by paying it, and some of our best citizens arc struggling with despair ing energy to pay the intercbl upon a principal utterly beyond a reasonable hope of liquidation. Very well, some say, money is worth what it will bring,, and such men need not have hired the money. But in what sense is monev worth* what it will bring ? Is it worth it because, a few individuals have money and they have an understand ing tacit or expressed, that they will charge a certain per cent? By tins rule, money it is said, has been worth six per cent a month. But we need only to look around us to see that the laboring men of the country, the class who must sustain and build up our Ter ritory, cannot pay a interest than is customary in the Atlantic States, And if they are imprudent enough to attempt it, they ought to have law or a guardian to prevent them. But it is said if this large interest is not allowed the capital will leave the country. Let it go ! 1 have known more men ruined because they could hire money, than because they could not. The true remedy for bard times is hard work. Sonic merchants say they can aliord to pay the interest of the country. But how? Of course by charging it to their customers, so most of it must in that case be paid by the labor of the countrv. And this same rule necessarily ex tends throughout the business of the country. Everything is attempted to be kept up, corresponding to this high and fictitious value placed upon money. While labor, the real basis upon which all business rests, cannot at the present time sustain such high estimates. The I result is, a few men arc becoming very wealthv, by reaping the fruits of other men's labor, without really returning to them a just equivalent. The money lender, amtylic borrower are both in jured. The borrower by exhausting all his time and means to pay this hitant interest, is rendered incapable of promoting the educational, moral and religious interests of the country, while the* money lender, by an increased hard ness of heart, has no desire to do so. Important Decisions by the Register and' Receiver ot W. T. OJ.YMPIA, Nov. 14th, 1860. In the matter of Emily A. Ebcy, wid ow of Isaac N. Ebev, deceased vs. the Heirs of Uebecca \V. Ebcy, deceased, first wife of Isaac N. Ebev, deceased. For Plaintiff—Messrs. Anderson, llubbs find Dcnnisou. Pro Contra— Mr. Ehvood Evans. 1. The 4th section of Donation Act, (Sept. 27 18i>0) refers to those only, who had become entitled to the grant before, and died after the passage of the act. 2. The Bth section of same act, only includes cases, where husband died before expiration of four years resi dence. 3. The 4th section describes the class of claimants, and prescribes the re quirements of four years residence* and cultivation. 4. The grant under the 4th section is to the settler, not to the wife, i. e. one half to himself and one half to wife by virtue of marriage before- Dee. Ist 1851. 5. As no action of wife is neeessarv i« perfection of title, her death uous not interfere with the settler making' his full residence. The facts in the case are admitted by both, parties and proven by the papers on file in this office. Kebecca W., first wife of Isaac N. Kliev, was married to him in October, 1848, and resided with him upon his donation claim (on which he had settled in 1850) from November 1851, to the time of her death, on the 28th of September, 1858, leaving tlireo children now living. Emily A., the surviving widow of Isaac N. Ebev, was married to hint on the 21st of January, 1856, and resided with him upon Ins claim, from that time to his death in August, 1857, there being no issuo of the second marriage. The widow, fEmily A. Ebey,) now claims, under tlie 4th section or the Donation Act, one half of the claim* of her late husband, in her own right, and an equal portion with tho heirs, in the part which shall be assign ed to her late husband. That clause of the 4th flection of the net of September 27th 1850, which defines the rights of married persons, " who have complied with the provis ions of the law, so as to entitlo them to the grant as above provided, and who nhall have died before patent issues" refers, as is shown by the change of tense from past to the future, to those onlv, who had become entitled to the grant, before, and died after the passage of the act, and is not applica ble in the case of tk? first or second wife of 1. N. Ebey. The Bth section, provides only for tn« death of the husband, before the expi ration of the four years residence re quired by law. The 4th section describe.? what chiii