Newspaper of The Washington Standard, January 12, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated January 12, 1861 Page 1
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"wm Standard. VOL. I. THE VISIIHTII ST Willi I). —IS ISSUKII KVKUV SATI'UDAV MOIININO IIY— JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Subscription Kates: Pit Annum 00 " .Six Months * 0<) Invariably in Advance. .idterlislng Itatcn: One Square, one insertion 00 Kneli additional insertion 1 00 Business Cards, |>er quarter, 5 00 A liberal deduction will lie made in favor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. gsjjp Notices of births. marriages and deaths in verted free. Wanks, Hill Heads, Cards, Mills ot Fare, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, &c., executed at reasonable rates. Urni'i: —In Barnes's Building. corner of Main nn<l First Streets, near the steamboat landing. gsdjy-All communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the cdi itirofthe WASHINGTON STANDARD. New Year's Calls. Some cynic, who has probably been ''out call in"" on New Year's i)av and not .'iv/.V'/ exactly to his liking, '-lets himself oil"' u= follows : 'Tis New Year's Day. 'ti* New Year's Calls— The tiunkev's time has come: And some arc rushing round for smiles, ' Some reeling round for nun : Each parlor changed to a salo..n, With glass and ware arrayed. Knell loaded board becomes free lunch, Each hostess a bar maid. 'Tis funny just to walk around And quiz the ru.-hiiiu mats, And soo aristocratic floors Receive each fawning To sec c.ich gourmand and each sot, Whirl wild along tin; street, And note ho-.v aristocracy And plebianisni meet. At every door a crowd g"i«; in, Or leaves—from one to seven — Kqualily is king to-dav. Karth dares a spire,. to Heaven. The rowdy and the flunkey call Where they never called before, And if they should h -realtor, wou'.d Be booted from tliL' door. But all to-day arc welcomed, for Knell dame desires to say And boast hereafter of the ' alls She had on New Year's D.iv. Oh ! it is not the quality, The number is tin- tiling. Kadi counts fir oil", tli • suob or clown, Kqiiality is king. Kncli parlor's made n ry Of cocktails iiml free lunches, Kuril board ii li.ir. each wi~li n gulp Of colli rum i>r 'ii.il punches. Gin. whisky, julep-. b-unily straight*, Usurp tin? soul's e!i\:r. Anil ivoniaiih.Mijjlc.-cendi to bo A strychnine Tti|iiormi\er. Julm Ilarlcycnru isetn;i mr. Allegiance is IN I'IIIMIO. Till friendship. TIC" 11- y und love. Anil sen ;c nrc ••nil a mud l! Now out mi such n low übiue Of New Ve ir ! since it inu.it come. Why greet it with n friend's embrace, Hut not this g-.t//.ling custom. Waifs. jfjy ,\ .Superintendent was catechising a Sab- Initli Silinol. when he took occiisioli to remark that « tree was known by its fruits, itnd that no one would expect apples from :i pine tree. ** Yes tln:v would !" exclaimed on incipient #prig of Vuiing America on a back -eil. "Indeed!" replied the surprised Superinten dent, •• what kind of applet my son ? " Pine-tipples !" vociferated Young America tit Hie top of his voice. g/rff" A physician passing a marble worker's one morning bawled out to him : " Good morning. MM \V„ hard nt work, I sec. You finish your monument lis far as ' In memory of, mid then you wait, I suppose, toseewho wants monument next '• Why, yes," replied lb- old man. resting upon liis mallet, 11 unless somebody is sick, and you tire doctoring Mm—then 1 keep right on ! \ coteinporary describing a dance in ti rountry village in Ills neighborhood, said : '• The gorgeous strings of glass beads glistened on the licaving bosoms of the village belles, like rubies resting on the delicate surface of ti warm apple dumpling. _\ fpw years ago the ladies wore a kind of hood called 4 * Kiss-ioe-if-you-dare. A later stile <if bonnet might he called with equal propriety, " Kiss-me-if-yon-want-to." JBSf" People who always talk sentiment have usually no very deep feelings. The less water you hive in » k"ttle. the sooner it begins to make n noise and smoke. WP sec there is a Denio-Tatic Association in Plorida calling themselves "The Tads." 1U wonder, says Prentice, if they raised n Tadpole ? tStjJ" It has been a matter of dispute as to the time of day when Adam was created. It is now decided that it was a little before Eve. BfriJf* The wise man is humbled by a sense of his own inlirmities ; the fool is lifted by those which he discovers in other'. Surely it is a blessed privilege to be kissed by the breeze that has kissed all the pretty girls in the world. ti-jy* - It is extraordinary how many defects we cin see in a friond uficr we have quarreled with liim. yiy* The only persons who are always dignified ate those who are always dull. BUj. The eye r f n m i -ler v. ill do more work th-«b'.th ol hi- b ; id-. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, JANUARY 12,1861. The Upper Columbia Gold Region. We take the liberty of adopting as a basis for this article, the recent inter esting "notes on the valley of the Up per Columbia River," in the Attn Coli fornia, with but very trivial alterations and amendments: " We have been permitted to see a pri vate letter of Mr. S. Mattinglv, now residing at Clickatat Prairie, in Wash ington Territory, near the Dalles, on the Columbia River, to a friend here. In this letter he gives some interesting information about the Valley of the Columbia, and we shall make a couple of articles from its substance. r l he prairie lies north of the Dalles, about two hundred miles from the ocean along the course of the Columbia river. The scenery is beautiful, and the valley, covered with grass and bare of trees except along its borders and near streams, is gently undulatingiu its sur face. The timber is mainly pine, fir and oak. Numerous springs rise in it. and supply water to never-failing rivu lets. The herbage is chiefly of that species known as " bunch grass," one of the most nutritious and palatable, to cattle, of all the grasses. The soil is a warm, light sand, and will ptobablv produce good crops of wheat, oats, liar ley and potatoes, but the settlers in the valley occupy themselves chietly yitli stock-raising, and have never given the soil an opportunity to prove what its capabilities for farming are. The grass, the rivulets, the belts of trees'crossing the valley in every direction, the sur rounding hills and the distant moun tains, with several peaks covered with eternal snow, make the view very pleasant. To the southwest is Mount Ilood, said to bo IS,OOO feet high, and higher than anv other peak in the I nited States. In the northwest appears Mount Adams and Mount Rainier, in the west, Mount St. Helen's, all of which are as white as milk to their very bases, though St. Helen's is still a volcano—as sill the others once were—but she gives no sign of fire in her bosom, save by sending up a thin little cloud of while steam like smoke, which the passing traveler, uninformed of the character <>l the peak, seeing it but once, standing, in a clear, still dav, over the mountain like a funnel, might consider to be singu lar, without supposing it to be from a volcano. A remarkable feature (if the l'|»|»or Columbia Valley is Chelan Lalco. be tween tlio Cascade Mountains ami the Columbia River, about latitude -IS\ Then. 1 is some very fiili ami beautiful land about this lake, with a fertile soil, abundant grass, a healthy elinuite. and just enough timber for the convenience ot settlers. The lake runs far into the Cascade Mountains, but at a low level, so that it nearly cuts through the range. * * * * * * The lake is nav igable throughout its length for the largest ship that floats, but its outlet, connecting it with the Columbia, is not navigable for any craft, because it tails two hundred and fifty feet in two miles." The Indians say they can juidt L from the head to the foot of the lake in three days. Lieut. .Duncan, in the Report of the Northern Pacific K. R. survey, estimates its length at thirty four or thirty-five miles ; pays that the water in it is perfectly stdl. We were informed sometime ago, by an entirely reliable gentleman, who was unable to cross at the ferry at the southeast end, (the point crossed in traveling to the mines from the Dalles,) that he was obliged to go all around it. 1 lis esti mate, was not to exceed thirty miles in length. The information in regard to its length, direction, extent is conflicting, but a bill has recently passed our Legislature, for the establishment of a ferry there, so we hope this im portant feature cannot long remain undeveloped. In this connection we may state, we shall be happy to learn froin any of our readers, any particu lars touching the topography &c., of Lake Clielan. " The mines of Rock Creek and Ket tle River, in the valley of the Upper Columbia, are highly spoken of. Rock Creek is about 300 miles distant from the Dalles, in a northward direction. It is a tributary of Kettle River, which empties into the Columbia near Fort Colville. Boundary Creek is another tributary of Kettle River, and has some rich bar*, where some mipera are now at work, but there is room for five times as many. All the country in this vicin ity is auriferous, but it has not been prospected save along a portion of the streams named ; but the paying bars already found, contain much dirt that has not yet been washed. The amount made per hand per day varies, of course, as in all mines; but the wages for good laborers is four dollars per day. There have been cases where men have made more than SIOO a day with a rocker- Two men working with a rocker aver aged §3(5 a day each, for ten consecutive days. Mr. -\i. has three acquaintances who have worked with one another for over two months, and they told him that the lowest day's work was B*4 18 each, and the highest was sl7 60. They were mining on Boundary Creek, part of which is in British Columbia. A nugget worth £3OO was found a few weeks since on Rock Creek, which is entirely in British Columbia. All the other auriferous branches of Kettle River are in Washington Territory. Kettle River itself is about as large as Feather River. Much mining will be done on this stream and its tributaries next year. There is good grass and rich soil in the basin of Kettle River. Due thousand persons are wintering in the Rock Creek mines. The Wenatchee is a small tributary of the Columbia, rising in the Cascade mountains, near the Sno<|Ualinie I'ass and running east ward. It has long been known to have some rich diggings in its bars and ra vines. Twenty-live miners winter there. Flour is worth from 20 to 23 cents per pound, fresh beef from 1- to 13 cents." J. L. Fcrgivon, Esq., member of the House of Representatives of this Territory, from the Counties of Clwka tat and Skamania, furnishes the follow ing information, for the benefit of per sons travelling to that region ria Co lumbia River and the Dalles: l'y Steamboat, Portland to Koekland opposite tin- Dalles, 117 miles, thence t<» Fort Simooo I>v military road, <>."> mill's, to At-ah-nim crook at tin* ru ins of J'aiulozv's Mission 10 miles, (sometimes railed Mission Crook) l<> miles to ('liv-woe chess. miles to tie.' Nah-ohoss River. miles to the We nass. 1(1 miles to Canyon oreek, K miles to the oro sin/; of the Yaki-ma four miles below Kio-o-tas, thence 2~> miles to the Columbia River. 1" miles njithe river to the crossing of month of Wc natoh-cc, 17 miles to Etty-on-co crook, 20 miles to the Firry on Lake Chelan. i"> miles to the Mot-how, -0 miles to Okinagane Kiver, •!"> miles to the Forks, month of Similka-moen, ami IS miles to l{oek Crock. Water ami grass abundant the entire route. The ahove Road can he traveled from the tirst day of May to the first of November without the slightest diili eulty. Mr. Forijuson recommends for the remainder ol the year, taking what is known as the White IJlutf Route, that is pa wing through the Canyon in the Simeoe and Xeanainio mountains and cross the Columbia at White Bluff thence through the Grand Coulee, re crossing the Columbia River at Fort Okinagan. A portion of the above route is the same for persons going to the mines bv either of the various pusses through the Cascade mountains. Front Seattle by Snoqualmic I'ass, the itinerary would l>>', following the Sno qtialmie trail down the Yakima some 20 miles, thence easterly to the Wena chee, at the forks about 2f» miles above its mouth, thence to Etty-en-co creek, down which creek some six miles to the Columbia Kiver. Other routes by the Passes of the Cascade Mountains are favorably known, and will be devel oped in a future article. Miss MAUTIXF.AU ON CIUXOMNK.— The following very sensible remarks, from the pen of Miss Martincau, we take from a Loudon paper: " Po the petticoats of our time serve as any thing but a mask to the human form—a perversion of human propor tion ? A woman on a sofa looks like a child popping up front a haycock. A girl in the dance looks like the Dutch tumbler that was a favorite toy in my infancy. The feat is so the reverse of accurate, as to be like a silly hoax—a masquerade without wit; while, at the same time that it is not an easy tit. The prodigious weight of the modern petti coat, and the difficulty of getting it all in at the waistband, creates a necessity for compressing and loading the waist in a way most injuriousto health. Un der a rational method of dress the waist should suffer neither weight nor pres sure—nothing more than the girdle which brings the garment into form and folds. As to the convenience of the hooped skirts, only ask the women themselves, who are always in danger from fire, or wind, or water, or carriage wheels, or rails, or pails, or nails, or, in short, everything they encounter. Ask

the husbands, fathers or brothers, and hear how they like being cut with the steel frame when they enter a gate with a lady, or being driven into a corner of the pew at. church, or to the outside of of the coach for want of room." Letters in the United States, per half ounce, (fractions same) not over 8000 miles, three cents, prepaid ; over 8000 miles, ten cents. Letters dropped for delivery, one cent prepaid. Advertised letters, one cent extra. To or from the Provinces, not over 3000 miles from the line, ten cents per half ounce; over {sooo miles, fifteen cents, prepaid ornot. Transient Newspapers, periodicals, unsealed circulars, or other articles of printed matter, not exceeding three ounces in weight, to any part of the I nited States, one cent, prepaid; each additional ounce or fraction of an ounce, one cent. Regular Newspapers or periodicals, paid yearly or quarterly in advance, when circulated in the State where pub lished, not weighing over one and a half ounces, one quarter cent; over one and a half and not over three ounces, one half cent; every additional ounce or fraction of :m ounce, one half cent. When circulated out of the State, all weighing three ounces or less, half a cent, every additional ounce or fraction of an ounce, half a cent. Weekly Newspapers within the coun ty where published, single copy free to each subscriber. Periodicals, monthly or oftcncr, and pamphlets not contain ing m hv than sixteen Bvo pages, in sin gle packages of not less than eight ounces to one address, prepaid by stamps only, half a cent on each ounce; fractions same. Books', not weighing over four lbs., one cent p 'roz., under 3000 miles, over 80(1 miles two cents peroz., prepaid. Newspapers, or regular or transient periodicals, pamphlets, and all printed matter to the British provinces in North America, same rates as in the United States, and must be prepaid. l'uhlishers of Newspapers and peri odicals may send to each actual subscri ber, enclosed in their publications, bills and receipts for the same, free. All ]<>• iuk<l witter must be mailed either without cover, or so enveloped that a portion tnav be open for inspec tion. Newspapers to Great Britain or Ire land, two cents each, payable in the I'nited States. Periodicals and pamphlets, not over two oiim-os, two cents each, and lour . flits for each extra ounce, payable in ilie I niti'd States; and same postage is payable in the United Kingdom, except inir that for the third ounce it rises to MNpriii-o, and eaeh extra ounce two peiiee. England. Ireland, Scotland and Wales i wenty-fotir cents, prepayment optional. France, fifteen cents. Holland and Belgium, twenty-one rents, prepay ment optional. Canada, New Bruns wick, Cape Breton, Prince Edward's Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, all ten cents, prepayment optional. On newspapers and periodicals, the postage niiift he prepaid. Aspinwall, Cuha, Mexico and Panama, ten cents, if dis tance front mailing otHce does not ex ceed 2«>"0 miles, and 'JO cents where the distance exceeds 2500 miles, pre payment required. British West In dies, &c., ten cents, prepayment re quired. West India Islands, (British) except Cuba, thirty-four cents, prepay ment required. Equador, Bolivia, Chili, thirty-four cents, newspapers six cent'?. This is the United States and foreign postage, and must he prepaid. Peru, United States and foreign post age, twenty-two cents, newspapers eight cents, prepayment required. German States, different prices, according to conveyance, viz: via France, twenty one cents, English steamer, five cents, American steamer twenty-one cents, Prussian closed mail, thirty cents; Swit zerland by the same conveyances, five, twenty-one, and thirty-five cents, via Franco twenty-one cents, prepayment optional. Brazils, via Falmouth, forty five cents; Cape Verde Islands, sixty five cents; China, except Hong Kong, via Southampton, thirty-three cents, and via Marseilles, forty-three cents; via France, open mail, twenty-one cents, South Australia, via Plymouth, thirty three cents, IlongKong, via Southamp ton, five or twenty-one cents, Malta and Gibralter, five or twenty-one cents, pre payment for all these required. jfrST" Young LINCOLN (U student at Harvard College,) has, within the past week, grown vastly in popularity with liis fellow students and the towns-people generally. On Wednesday night, in a body, the students called upon him, congratulated him upon the successof his lather and the jollys tate of atthirs in the country generally. Mr. LINCOLN made a very neat speech in reply, which is said to be worthy of the stock from which sprung. Rates of Postage. FOUICItiX CO I'NT It IKS. The Four Georges. A late number of the Cornhill Mag azine lias the first of Thackeray's ex cellent lectures 011 " The Four Georges of England." The following extract therefrom relates to the life and times of George I: Delightful as London city was. King George I. liked to be out of it as much as ever he could; and when there, pass ed all of his time with his Germans. It was with them as with Blucher, one hundred years afterwards, when the bold old reiter looked down from St. Paul's and sighed out, "Was for Plun der?" The German women plunder ed; the German secretaries plundered; the German cooks andiutendants plun dered; even Mustapha and Mahomet, the German negroes, had a share of the booty. Take what you can get, was the old monarch's maxim, lie was not a lofty monarch, certainly; he was not patron of the fine arts: but he was not a hypocrite, he was not revengeful, he was' not extravagant. Though a despot in Hanover, he was a moderate ruler in England. His aim was to leave it to itself as much as possible, and to live out of it as much as he could. His heart was in Hanover. When taken ill on his last.journey, as he was passing through Holland, he thrust his livid head out of Jhe coach window, gasping out, " Osnaburg, Os naburg! " lie was more than fifty years of age when ho came amongst us; we took him because we wanted him, be cause ho served our turn ; we laughed at his uncouth German way, and sneer ed at him. He took our loyalty tor what it was worth ; laid hands on what money he could; kept us assuredly from Popery and wooden shoes. 1, for one, would have been on his side in those days. Cynical and selfish as he was, he was better than a king out of St. Germains, with the French king's orders in his pocket, and a swarm of Jesuits in his train. The Fates are supposed to interest themselves about royal personages; so this one had omens and prophecies specially regarding hiin. lie was said to be much disturbed at a prophecy that he should die very soon after bis wife, and sure enough pallid* death, having seized upon the luckless princess in her castle of Ahlden. presently poun ced upon 11. M. King George 1. in his traveling chariot, on the Hanover road. What postilion can outride that pale horseman ! It is said, George promised one of his left-handed widows to come to her after death if leave were granted to him to revisit the glimpses of the moon; and soon after his demise, a great raven actually flying or hopping in at the Duchess of Kerdar's window at Twickenham she chose to imagine the king's spirit inhabited these plumes and took special care of her sable visitor. Affecting metempsychosis—funeral royal bird! How patheticis the idea of the Duchess weeping over it! When this chaste addition to our English ar istocracy died, all her jewels, plate and plunder, went over to her relations in Hanover. I wonder whether her heirs took the bird, and whether it is still flapping its wings over Herrenhausen ? The days are over in England of that strange religion of king-worship, when priests flattered princes in the Temple of God; when servility was held to be ennobling duty; when beau ty and youth tried oagerly for royal favor, and woman's shame was held to be 110 dishonor. Mended morals and mended manners in courts and people, are among the priceless consequences of the freedom which George 1. came to rescue and secure. He kept his compact with his English subjects; and if he escaped no more than other men and monarchs from the vices of his age, at least we may thank him for pre serving ami transmitting the liberties of ours. In our free air, royal and humble homes have alike been pu rified ; and truth, the birthright ot high and low among us, which quite fearlessly judges our greatest person ages, can only speak of them now in words of respect and regard. There arc stains in the portrait r>f the first George, and traits 111 it which none of us need admire ; hut among the nobler features are justice, courage, modera tion—and these we may recognize ere we turn the picture to the wall. 80- Mrs. S. D. Curtis, a of some reputation, died at Madison, Wis., lately. She wai a nativa of Pomfrot, Conn., and had contributed to the Boston Journal. The mother of Hon. ITowell Cobb received at a late Fair in Georgia, the premium of a silver goblet for five handsomely embroidered shirts, work ed by herself. Tho Pacific Telegraph. The intelligence of a change in the route of this Pacific Telegraph has been confirmed. According to the St. Louis correspondent of the Union, the route adopted i.s south of Fort Kearney, pass ing through Denver City and the min ing towns in advance oV it, to Santa Fe; thence to El Paso; and thence to Los Angeles. Various reasons have been assigned for the change. It is thought that the line on the new route would be self-sustaining, while the wires would be kept in repair with more fa cility than on a more central course where thunder storm* arc frequent and unfavorable atmospheric influences are feared. It is also complained that the stockholders of the Placervelle and Car son Valley Telegraph Company are intractable; that they set too high a value upon their privileges and it is therefore impossible to consummate the necessary arrangements with them. It is likely, however, that there are two sides to this story; and we think it more than probable that the Govern ment contractors are more exacting in their demands. The principal objection urged against the new route is, that the line will pass through a hostile Indian country, and be necessarily subject to frequent accident*. Indeed, the correspondent above alluded to says that the con tractors are only making an experiment to ascertain whether the line now built to Fort Kearnov, and which will bo ex tended early in the spring to Julcsberf% at the crossing of the Platte, cannot advantageously be carried south through the l'ike's Peak gold region. Should the experiment fail the contractors will have to fill back on the Butterfield Mail route from Fort Smith, to which place the Stebbin's line has already been extended. Fort Smith is some 1200 miles distant from Angeles. We believe that already a contract has been made for extending the line from Fort Smith to lied liiver, at Sherman, in Texas; another for poles for nearly two hundred miles up the valley of the Gila, in Arizona : and still another for push ing the line forward, on this side, from Los Angeles to Fort Yuma. AVe apprehend that it matters little to the people of California which route is chosen. All they are anxious for id to be in instantaneous communication with the East; and as the contractors have an immensely valuable franchise it is to be hoped that they will permit no unworthy jealousies or rivalries to in terrupt t lie great national work.— Sun I'Vaui'ttico llcrahl. "WHAT IS MEERSCHAUM ?—AVe notice tlint these pi pus are becoming very pop ular and common, yet their component parts are very little known. A New York paper thus explains the manufac ture : "In the inlands of Negropont and Sa moa, in the Archipelago, a peculiar va riety ot magnesia is found on the coast beneath a thin stratum of earth. When first obtained, it resembles the foam or froth of the sea, and bonce is termed meerschaum by the Germans, while the French style it ccumc clc mer. Analy sis proves that it is composed of mag nesia, carbonic acid, water, and four per cent, of silex. The idea so common in this country that meerschaum is foam of the seu, originated in the resem blance referred to, and also to the old fashion of calling meerschaum pipes. When first dug from the earth, the mag nesia is soft and easily moulded into any shape that fancy may dictate. In this condition it is formed into pipes and cigar holders, and exposed to tho air until it hardens. Before being boiled in wax*or oil,it is nearly aslight as pitch, and full of minute pores through which a pin or knife may be stuck with no more damage lliau the same operation performed on a line sponge. The pipes are boiled in wax or oil, in order to give them a polish, as well as to render them durable; but smoking soon burns out the oleaginous secretions, and the oil of the smoke sinks into the pores gradually until the outer surface is covered." There is an old story which rep resents a couple of sagacious cronies discoursing on the probable principle which guided Adam in tho names ho gave to animals.—One asserted that he did not see why he called a lion by the name of lion. 41 Why," replied the other, "that is simple enough to me. He called it a lion because it looked like a lion !" We doubt if the Demo cratic party could get it 3 appellation on such a principle of naming. Nobody would think of calling it a Democratic party because it looks like a Demo cratic party.— N. Y. Post. » ■■ ■ ■ »•' s3s® Free homos for free men. NO. 9.