Newspaper of The Washington Standard, February 9, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated February 9, 1861 Page 1
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VOL. I. HIE VASHISGTOM STIMIAItII. —IS ISSIKH EVERY SATURDAY MUUMNO BY— JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. SubMcrlptlon Mates: I'er Annum 00 •• Six Months 200 Invariably in Advance. — Advertising Rules: One Square, one Insertion, s.') () 0 Vnc li additional insertion 1 oi> Business Curds, per quarter. 5 UU {ORFY" A liberal deduction will be made in favor ot' those who advertise lour squares, or upward.*, liy the year. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in sertcd free. Blanks. Hill Heads, Cards. Hills of Pare. Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, &e., executed nt reasonable rates. OFFICE—III Harncs's Huildinjr. corner of Main uiul First Streets, near the steamboat landing. tyjf All communications, whether oil business or lor publication should be addressed to the edi itor ot the WASHINGTON STANUAUO. THE SECESSION MOVEMENT, A Prayer Meeting In a Storm. r.Y BAYARD TAYLOR [Se; Buchanan's last Proclamation.] A gale came up from the sou'-sou'-west; 'twas fierce November weather : lint the ship had felt such a storm before, And her planks slill held together. And thus, though the howling tempe t shoved No signs of diminution, The passengers said : " We'll trust our ship, The staunch old Constitution I"' The captain stood 011 the quarter-deck— "The seas," he said. " they batter us : 'Twits my watch below in the former gale— I doubt if we'll weather llatleras. The wind 011 the one side blows ir.c o!T, The current sets me shoreward : I'll jnl lay-to between them both. And SKKM 1 1 be going forward." " Ilreakers ahead !" cried the watch 011 the bow, " Hard tin !" was the fir-it mate's order; '•She feels the jtround-s'*ell," the passengers cried •• And the seas already board her I" The fore-sail split in the angry gust ; In the linld the ballast shifted: An ni l tur said : '• If.Tackson steered We shouldu't thus have drifted !" I!ut the captain cried : " go your helm !'' And then he called to the bo'swuin: '• Pipe all hands to the <|iiarter-deck, And we'll save her bv Devotion !" The first mate hurled his trimi) ct down ; The old tars cursed together, Tl' see the good ship helpless roll At the sjortof wave nnd wcatlr.T. The tattered sails are all a-liack, Yards crack, and masts arestarted : And the captain weeps and says his prayers, Till the hull be 'midship* parted : ]!ut (Sod is 011 the steersman's side— The crew are in revolution : Th" wave that w.i lies the captain o!T, Will save the t.'on -tMut'.on ! Waifs. B@T° At a debating club the question was discussed whether there was more happiness in the pursuit or possession of an object. "Air. President," said an orator, "suppose I was eourtin' a girl, and she was to run away, and 1 was to run after her; wouldn't I be happier when I catehed her than when I was running after her?" There are those who refuse a favor so graciously as to please us; and there are others who confer an obliga tion so clumsily, that they please us less by the measure, than they disgust us by the manner of the kindness. BgjT* Gentlest of her sex. —"What is the principle of the stereoscope?" At/red. —"Why, it makes two peo ple into one." Best and brightest (innocently)—"Oh, what a delightful invention !" jg@-Thc red, white, and blue—the red cheeks, the white teeth, and blue eyes of a lovely girl—arc as good a Hag as a young soldier in the battle of life need "light for. Tom Ilood says that nothing spoils a holiday like a Sunday coat or a pair of new boots. To have time set easy, your garments must set the ex ample. Tlie malicious censures of our enemies, it we innke a right use of them, may prove of greater advantage to us than the civilities of the best friends. BSf The lash that man does not ob ject to having laid on his shoulder—the eye-lash of a pretty woman. 'fISTY ou must tell some men a great deal to learn them a little. ggj"" You will find a deep fox in a .shallow burrow. HWhen we think of good, angels arc silent; when we do it, they rejoice. The brightest dreams awaken the darkest realities. JKSy Cover a fool with gold and he will pass current. j&gf- When you cannot sec both ends, the middle is uncertain. jThose who shun society arc very strong or very weak. JBfaT When elauis gape, crows shut tln'ir tnouths. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, FEBRUARY 9,1861. Legislative Proceedings—Eighth Session. REPORTED EXPRESSLY Poll THE ''STANDARD." Council. THURSDAY, Jan. 24.—0n motion of Mr. Denny, the House Bill providing that the names of this Legislative As sembly be published with the laws passed at this session, was indefinitely postponed. This is the bill introduced by Mr. Taylor of Clark county, upon which Mr. Miller reported and recom mended the publication of accompany ing brief biographical notices, after the style of Plutarch. Mr. Burbank re ported also, suggesting that the '• lives of eminent Americans by John Living ston of New York" be the model. It mav be well to remark that the latter is li collection of sketches sometimes exceedingly romantic, of such eminent men, irho )«we pant to have their jne fni'cs puhUvhcd. anil tla'ir lives prtiitaf. Nobody knew why they were em hunt* the subjects have the privilege ot wri ting an autobiography to suit them selves. The indefinite postponement of this bill was demanded —as to forget such legislators would be impossible. The bill relating to the salary of Q. M. General was also indefinitely post poned, as recommended by the com mittee on Military affairs. Severrl bills reported by various committees read a third time and passed. Mr. Biles introduced a bill to perma nently locate the County Scat of Thurs ton county at such point as might be designated by the popular vote, at next election; referred to committee on Counties. Tlu' Council passed House Memorial lor a Port of IMivcry at new Dnngin ess; also a bill from llouso incorpora ting the TCvergreen Cemetery at Port Townscnd; also a House Hill incorpo rating the St. John's Lodge no. !>. A. K. and A. M. also a House Memorial for an additional Land otlice at Walla Will la; also a hill introduced by Mr. Simms, authorizing diaries Mullan and R. 14. Goodwin to establish a wag on road in Walla Walla eountv. The II ouse Resolution relative to paving W. 11. Pope tor certain services, referred to committee 011 Claims. A Joint Resolution coining from House providing a .loint Convention for the election ot Territorial Printer, the Presi dent of the Council (Mr. Huhhs) ruled it out of order, as one of, a similar character had hcen indefinitely post poned hv the Council. The following measures were passed: An act to permanently locate the County Seat of Clallam county; an act in relation to lunatics and paupers; memorial relative to the erection of ad ditional lighthouses on Pusret Sound; an act to incorporate the West Olym pia Wharf Company ; an act to author ize John Carson to construct a bridge across the Puyallup river; and an act incorporating the Franklin Lodge (Te kalet) of A. P. and A. M. Two divorce bills were indefinitely postponed, several bills were referred to appropriate Standing Committees. Then adjourned. FRIDAY, Jan. 2">. —The House Res olution in regard to paying Win. If. Pope for certain services, passed. The bill relative to sale of School lands in Clark county to raise School Funds, amended on motion of Mr. Simms so as to include Walla Walla, and the title further amended by Mr. Denny so as to read : an net relative to the sale of School lands. Thus amend ed. the bill passed. The bill from House creating the office of Territorial Superintendent of Schools, laid upon the table, on motion of Mr. Denny. Mr. Jbirhauk of committee on conn ties made a report upon the bill relative to the location of County Seat of Thurs ton county. Mr. Miller moved to add a section, the purport of which was that before the County Scat should be de clared permanent, the title to real estate donated to county for a County Seat, should be approved by the District Atty. of the second Judicial District. Amendment adopted, and bill made the order of the dav for to-morrow. The bill incorporating tho Bishop of Nisqually, read ji third time and passed. The bill fixing the boundary between Thurston and Lewis Counties, reported baek bv Mr. Burbauk of Committee on Counties, with an amendment to the effect that a majority of voters in the portion of territory sought to be taken from Thurston county, should approve the bill, at next general election, and that the Holmes' estate should still bo long to the county of Thurston, to which it bad escheated by the laws of the Territory; pending this amend ment the bill with amendments referred to a special committee consisting of Burbank. Woodnrd and Miller. SATURDAY, Jan. 20. —Mr. Ilubbs—a memorial relative to the Pilot Commis sioners of the Columbia river, referred to committee on Commerce. The Se lect committee on Lewis and Thurston county boundary bill, reported on said bill, recommending the rejection of amendment, ami the passage of the bill as reported from the House. Bill read a third time and passed unanimously; Mr. Miller being absent. Mr. Clark —a Council Bill requesting the voice of the people on the location of the Seat of government, referred to committee on Public Buildings and grounds. The memorial from House praying n pre-emption right to Lowry Milford a negro, referred to committee on Federal relations. A message from Hie I announced the passage of a lull amendatory of the Capitol location hill und submitting the question to a vote of the people, upon winch Mr. President Hubbs ruled as follows : " that a hill ot the same im port, having been introduced and passed by the House and the Council having rejected it, and it not appearing that the hill before us was introduced with leave of two thirds of the House after a notice of ten days, it cannot be ean sidered by the Council." Thus in the last days of the session did this Demo erotic Council deny by parliamentary technicalities, a privilege to the people to vote upon a location of their seat of government. Mr. Clark from Judiciary committee introduced a substitute for House ex emption law, whieli under a suspension of the rules passed. Mr. Miller front committee on pub lic buildings and grounds, was on mo tion of Mr. Clark, instructed to report forthwith on the bill asking the people to vote upon a proper place for the seat of government. Mr. Miller reported an amendment which was rejected. The bill passed unanimously. Coune il pa sseda bill authorizing.Tno. C. Pickerel to build a bridge across the Wallieut river in Pacific county, and ,lno. C. Smith to establish a ferrv on the Clear-water river, in \\ alia \\ alia eonntv. Aft trnoon Session. —Much ol llio time. Council were in Committee of the Whole on the Foo bill, Mr. Donnv in tho cliair. A number of amend ments were. recommended, which tlie Council adopted. Council passed the House Hill incor porating the Skokomish Lumber Com pany. A l)ill for tho protection of Win. If. Dillon, and J. T. Lovelace in certain fisheries on the Columbia river, was on motion of Mr. Caplcs, made the order of the day for Monday the 28th Jnnu uarv. Then adjourned. Mox DAY, Jan. 28.—Mr. Biles—a Joint Resolution relative to the enrol ment of tlio bills. Under ft suspension of the rules, passed. Mr. Burbank—an net amendatory to the act relating to marriages. This is said to be more restrictive upon parties marrying minors, without the consent of parents or guardians. Several divorce bills were introduced, others acted upon and referred, one of which was a bill previously defeated by the Council. Tho Council indefinitely postponed a bill from the House relative to gates upon toll bridges. Mr. Clark from the committee on Judiciary reported n substitute for the House Bill repealing the law establish ing a District Court for Pierce county. The House Bill made no provision to carry up papers, Dockets &e„ to tho District Court of the second District, which is looked after in the substitute. Tho substitute passed under a suspen sion of the rules. The fee bill coming up ns order of day was amended on motion of Mr. Clark so as to secure to officers, named in special acts, tlie fees for services im posed, prescribed by said acts. Bill passed. Several bills from House were indefi nitely postponed, others referred to ap propriate committees. Mr. Caplos—n bill incorporating tlie Ohehalis Steamboat Navigation Com pany, road twice and laid upon table. Mr. Biles—a bill relative to the col lection of County and Territorial reve nue in the county of Thurston, referred to committee on* Judiciary. Then ad journed to 2J P. iM. Afternoon Session. —On motion of Mr. Caplos, Council took up and passed the bill incorporating the Chehalis Steam

Navigation Company. Several bills were' indefinitely post poned. There did not seem to be time to examine the business thoroughly, and meritorious measures were there fore defeated, because of lateness of the session. What a commentary on the Legislature. The first six weeks ppent in passing divorces, log-rolling for tho Printer, out-gencraling counties in representation, and making unstable our public buildings. Toe House Bill authorizing Antoine Plant to establish a ferry on the Spo kane rh'er, passed under a suspension of the rules; also House Resolution re lative to paying James Lodge for cer tain services, also.the Council Bill rel ative to collection of taxes in Thurs ton county. This bill makes the sher iff, cx-ojficio, collector of taxes. The Council refused to pass Mr. Burbank's bill amendatory to the mar riage law. Then adjourned. Political Speaking at the Capitol—Oar Na tional Difficulties. We freely give place to the following communication as the individual opin ions of one of our most talented and consistent fellow-citizens, but we disap prove the sentiment of '"Let the Union slide," under any and every phase it may be presented. Our motto is, The Union .first, last, all the time. —bide the good time coining. Truth must ulti mately triumph over error. Freedom and free institutions will yet be the guide-stare of American empire, and in the mean time let us patriotically ad vance our standard, emblazoned there on those words of living fire, uttered by the immortal Webster, "Unionand liberty—now and forever—one and in separable." En. STANDARD : Having listened to the political speaking at the Capitol, 011 the evening of the 23d ult., I feel impelled to make a few remarks in re lation to some of the points maintained, and also concerning the present crisis in our national atliurs. ] was forcibly reminded of the ab surdity ot attempting to reconcile posi tions that are, in their nature, irrecon cilable and antagonistic—such as blend ing the " law of force" with the "rights of nature;" the inherent and reserved rights of the individual, with the power of legislation to invade and outrage such reserved rights, and which, by uni versal consent, is the object of legisla tion to defend. Had the speaker, Mr. Garfielde, ad hered to his pledge made at the com mencement of his speech, " not to say anything unpleasant to either Demo crat or Republican," no exception would have been taken. Hut, when those guilty of "eternal iigitation on the slavery question," as some Republicans, at least, have been, honestly believing that agitation is the handmaid of prog ress and reform, are classed with disuu ionists, no apology is needed for the following strictures. f u relation to the clause of the Con stitution making it the duty of Congress "to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory and other property of the Uni ted States," lie contended that Congress was limited to the making of rales and regulations for the disposal of tho soil merely. In short, tho unanimous judg ment "of every administration from "Washington down to Polk, that Con gress lias tlie power of legislation gen erally for the Territories was scouted, ami' tlio subterfuge of Stephen A. Douglas invented and put forth ns a bid for Southern support, substituted in its stead. What good is to be se cured rehearsing an issue that attcr a discussion of six years has been con demned in both sections of tho Union by tho very section it was intended to serve, is more than I can nee. Towards tho Breckenridge wing of the Democracv much sympathy was manifested. Property in slaves was emphatically declared to be " capital, as money, or any other property was capital;" but they were met oy the im posing question that "if the people of a Territory, in their Territorial capac ity, have no right to prevent, the intro duction of slaves, how can it bo pre vented after tho Territory becomes a State ?" The speaker had never heard the question answered, and was utterly unable to answer it himself. The above is a fair example of the Popular Sovereignty mode of explain ing difficulties. Not a straw would he place in the way of tho South securing their Constitutional rights; but alas, that could only be done by converting all the free States into slave States at the pleasure of the southern slavehol ders ! In this dilemma, resource was to be had only in Popular Sovereignty, which ineant'siniply the rights of Ma ture, " hifch cxi-itod prior to all constitu- tiona aud laws. If the Territories want slavery, by " natural right," they can establish it; if not, exclude it. To the question that if the Territories had the right to exclude slaves, the property of the Southern men, hail they not also the right to exclude horses, the prop erty of northern men ? It was res ponded yes, though the answer was fa tal to the previous position, that "the rights of property were sacred—being prior to all laws," this difficulty was tally apprehended by the speaker in the acknowledgment that "in relation to some points lie had not devoted much attention." Seldom has an intel ligent audience listened to so much truth and error in the same speech. I presume that it was asserted for the lirst time that the enactment of a Ter ritorial Legislature was superior to the " rights of nature," and could render a nullity the provision of the Constitu tion that " no person tshoil'd be deprived of property without due process of law." Another question, partly inaudible to the writer, elicited the reply that " slaves were held not by the law of na ture, but by the law of force." The law of force is the law of the highway man. Bv this law the right to the trav eller's effects is acquired. And in all reason, imot his title just as good as the slave-holder's ? Both rest upon the same tenure. If property in slaves ac quired by the law of force, is covered by the protecting regis of the Constitu tion, is not the property of the high wayman acquired by the same law to receive the same protection, and by the same right to be carried into the Terri tories ? Let the Republicans of Washington Territory take courage! Manv of them can remember when this classing of slavery in the catalogue of crimes, was confined to some obscure free-soil con vention, where politicians might hover around, but were ashamed to enter. Now it is boldly proclaimed in a Dem ocratic meeting, and during the session of n Democratic Legislature. How long before our leading politi cians will learn that consistency is the best policy. The old anti-slavery men have been styled men of one idea; but if a man have but one idea, and is right in that, lie is not compelled to take ref uge in tergiversations, as parties be come disintegrated. The Constitution was framed in har mony with the spirit of the Revolution. Its leading idea is to secure the rights of nature. While some two or three clauses might admit of a pro-slavery construction, in a community whose interests were identified with slavery, vet it was so constructed in consistency with the spirit of the Revolution, that were slavery to have ceased from the laud, and have been blotted from the memory of the nation, there would still have been 110 discrepancy in the letter of the instrument. " Let the Constitu tion," said Mr. Madison, "be so framed that when slavery shall have passed from the land, posterity shall find noth in it by which they could know that it had ever existed." Now, the real cause of our present na tional difficulties is, that a pro-slavery con struction has been given to the Constitution, in conformity to the practice of the na tion, and not an antislarery construction in conformity to the letter. From this cause has slavery become entrenched in tho government itself, acquiring at last sufficient power to rend the public asunder. The crisis is upon us. The political doctors are alarmed. Some thing must be done to settle this eter nal " slavery agitation." The old nos trum, concession and compromise is called for; but Freedom replies, every compromise we have made with you has only emboldened you for further exactions. Had you not triumphed over us in 1850, in the enactment of the Fugitive Slave Law, you would not have demanded the repeal of the Mis souri Compromise, and had \on not then succeeded, you would not now be emboldened to threaten to secede. Tho last offer which the Union-savers now proffer is an amendment to the Constitution, by which property in slaves shall be placed upon the same footing as other property. This ac complished, and the work is done! Slavery is national and freedom—no where'! As with the death Koscinsko freedom oxpired in down-trodden Po land, so will the " irresistable conflict" have terminated, and we shall have peace and quiet—the quiet of despair. Butthank Heaven! that point is not yet reached. The present crisis should havo been reached in 1780, when South Carolina and Georgia might hnve with drawn for a short time, it should have been reached in 1820, when results would not have been disastrous as now. But better now than later, and if it must come, let us meet it like men. It slavery has become too strong for the Union and if freedom or the Union must fall, then by all that is sacred " let the Union slide! We will have popu lation and territory left amply sufficient to demonstrate the feasibility of free institutions, whilst by the commotions that will ensue from secession, slavery will be numbered with the things that were, and if our scattered fragments do not again reunite, we vill have two happy and prosperous republics ou which the hopes of the patriot muj de pend for all coming time. CONSISTENCY. Olympb, Jan. 24th, 1861. To Working Men. ED. STAXDAUD. : It may hardly bo necessary to announce that a Delegate to Congress, to represent our Territory, is to be elected next July. A largo proportion of our population arc men who labor for wages. . To these, let me address a few suggestions in regard to the interests of our class. Politicians, a class who always claim to be purely disinterested, urge that this Territory is far remote from contending sectional interests, tnat we are in a latitude un profitable to slave labor, that therefore it is of but little interest to us whether the Federal Government protects sla very in the territories, or excludes it. Whether it be of consequence or not, there is a principle involved. The pres ent Delegate stands at the head of a party who assert the right of the mas ter to take his slaves into the territo ries, and that they are eutitled to the protection of the Government. If I understand the dogmas of the Administration, slavery exists now in this Territoiw as fully as in Virgiuia ; to use Mr. Buchanan's own idea, sla very exists in the territories as much to-day as it docs in Alabama. Only a short time since a slave did escape from this Territory, and I have yet to learn of any feature of our climate to render the raising of negroes impossible, or their labor unprofitable. Negroes do live here and they work at low rates. Suppose some of our wealthy mill com panies should consider it to their pecu niary advantage to import a band o negro slaves to perform the common and most onerous of the work abou mills, think you they could not greatly reduce expenses ? A good stout negr< could be hired by the year at §I">0 am board, profitable alike to master an the party hiring. There may be whit men willing to work for such wages, i there are I do not know them. In order to compare tlie systems 01 free nnd slave labor, let any man exam ino the census statistics ot 18o0—-it will there be seen that the average rates of wages in every branch of business, is much lower in the slave, than in the free states. True, it is often asserted, that, mechanic's wages in the Southern cities arc higher than in the North; but the figures, compiled by one of the strongest defenders of slavery, will no substantiate the assertion. At time? wages may temporarily rise, but the t do not so remain, and the com pari so: is not fair. Volumes might be writte: to show that free labor conduces mor to the advancement of a uew country or any other, than slave labor. In a few months wo shall have th Popular Sovereignty privilege of select ing a Delegate to Congress— shall we elect a champion of free labor? Or will you prefer a man who is willing that negroes shall be brought here, ana their labor put in competition with ours? Suppose a Delegate is elected having pro-slavery proclivities, do we not, by our votes" admit that wo are willing to compete with slave labor? Then let our choice fall upon one, who will uphold and maintain the true dig nity of labor, the true interets of the free white laboring population of "Wash ington Territory. Mtip-SiLL. PRINTERS' JOKKS.— lt'vftho practice umong waggish printejjd, when a "green 'nn" enters the ofij/e as devil, to play jokes on him by ending him on an er rand to n neighboring office for some thing he would be snre not to find, and he returns with some strange article or other, thinking that in printer's phrase, he has got what he was sent tor. A boy who was rather 44 verdant," recently went to leant the printing businoss, and one of the journeymen lovingsport, sent him with a dish to a certain ed itor, to borrow 44 a gill of editorial." The editor, understanding the game, returned a picture of a jackass. Tho 44 jour" finding himself rather "come over," set his wits to work to get eve At last he called the lad, and told hii to go aud tell the editor that 44 it wa rttiiorW l:e wanted, not the C'fr'for ! NO. 18. J*" - . *•