Newspaper of The Washington Standard, 23 Şubat 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated 23 Şubat 1861 Page 1
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liasliigfii SB Jffattlarl VOL. I. THE \im\Um STAMI.IHD. IS KW.HT f ATI'nDAY MOUSING BY JOHN M. MURPHY, KDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. SubM-rii>lion Rales: Vcr Annum s•'' nf) - .Six Mouths - O'J liiA-iiri.'tl >ly in Advance. 4«ltcrti«lnp Rates: One Square. our In rrtion on Kacli additional insertion 1 00 j:.i-itH.-> Cards. per quarter 5 00 flifA liberal deduction will lie made in favor r.t'ilio-e who advertise four squares, or upwards. liv the year. frjV- Notices'of births, marriages and deaths in sorted free. Blank Hill Heads. Cards. Hills of Fare. Circulars. Catalogues, l'amphlits, Ac., executed nt reasonable rates. O.Tl.l: —la Hurnes's Huildliig. corner of Main an 1 First streets, near the i-teamboat landing. i:~Sf \II ciimn'inieations. whether on business <>r for publication should he addressed to the cdi itor ot the WASHINGTON STANKAIIP. Till' HOY. There's something in a noble hoy. A brave, free-hearted careless one, With his unchecked, unbidden joy: His dread of books and love of fun, And in his ileal - and ready smile, t'nshaded by a thought of guile. And unredressed by sadness. Which brings we to my childhood back ,\s if I trod it ; very track, And felt its very gladness. And yet 'tis not in his play. When every trace of thought is lost. And not when you would call him pay. Tii.it his bright presence thrills we most His shout m :y ring upon the hill, His voice be echoed in the hull. • His lnt'i v laugh like music thrill. And I in sadness hear it all— For. like the wrinkles on my brow. 1 scarcely notice such things now ; Hut when. amid the earnest game He stops, as if the music heard. And heedless of his shouted name, .\s of the carol of a bird. St anils gazing oil the tfinpty air. A« if some dream were passing there 'Tis then that on his face 1 Io >k. Hi- beautiful, but thoughtful face, An 1 like a long-forgotten book. Its sweet familiar meaning trace. Remembering a thousand things Which passed me on those golden wings, Which time has fettered now— lin.'s come o'er me with a thrill And left me silent, sad, and still, \ holier and gentler cast, That \v..; too innocent to last. 'Tis strange how thoughts upon a child Will, like a presence something press, And wa.-n his jube is beating wild, And life itsrif is in ex '-ss When foot and hand, and car and eye, Are all with ardor straining high— How in his heart «*rill spring A feeling whose in;, stcrious thrall Is stronger, sweeter far tl.au all; And on its silent wing. How with the cloud-', he'll float away, As wandering and as lost as they ! Waifs. FISHINO FOI: A LOVER. —An old far mer out West, who had two handsome daughters, would not lot thorn keep the company of younjar men. After the old man had retired to rest, thegirls would hang .a sheet out of the window, and each beau, with the assistance of his lady, would thus gain an entrance. It so happened that one evening the girls hung out the sheet too early, and the old gentleman spying the article, could not conjecture the meaning of it. So he caught hold and endeavored to pull it down. The girls, supposing it to he one of their " fellows," began to hoist, and did not discover their mistake un til the old man's head was level with the window-sill, when one of them ex claimed, " Oh, Lord, it's dad !" ami let ting go the sheet, down came the old gentleman to the ground, dislocating his shoulder. Withdrawing all oppo sition to their keeping company, la was soon a father-in-law. At a St. Louis theatre, latelv, Mrs. Florence had sung and danced In sailor's costume, holding the star-span gled banner, which she tossed to Mr. Florence at the other side of the stage. He took it, spread it out carefully, counted its thirty-three stars aloud, and exclaimed with deep feeling: "Thank Ood! they are all there !" The house rose as one mau, and the enthusiasm lasted several minutes. jßfSP*Tlie number of words defined in Webster's Dictionary is 09,000, ex clusive of six or seven thousand which have recently come into use, and about 3(3,000 geographical, scripture, and proper names, making an aggregate of over 140,000 words. In Worcester's Dictionary there are 103,300 words de fined, and 28,000 geographical, scrip ture, and proper names, making a total of about 132,000 words. The great novelist Dickens, in dulges in some pretty affectations; a flag waves over his housetop, like the <iueon's over ttuckingham pa law, as a signal to all interested that the distill irui-hed occupant is at home. Bequim Prairie. Washington Territory. Having recently returned from a visit of a couple of weeks in the vicinity of Dungeness, on Fuca Straits, I think it may interest a few of your readers to know something about the "lay of the land" in Clallam county—the most ex treme northwest count}* in Washington Territory, and consequently tlie remot est portion of the domain of the United States. I loft Port Townsond on the 12th of January, in company with a friend, who had invited me to pass a couple ot weeks with him on Scquim Prairie. We proceeded in a canot without let or hindrance to Scquim 15ay, or Wash ington Harbor, as the charts have it, where we made our tirst landing. So quini Pay is between Port Discovery and New Dungeness, and is one of the very best harbors on the Pacific. Its entrance is protected from the heavy seas in Fuca Straits by a bat or spit, fronting nearly two-thirds ot the way across its mouth, making a complete breakwater, behind which a fleet could lay at anchor, and ride out any gale that might blow from the heavens. From the landing, a good wagon road of two miles over a bottom, cov ered with a belt of fir, brought us out on the open plains of Scquim Prairie. The prairie is situated south of the vil lage ot New Dungeness, from which it is separated by a belt of timber and gently rising country, over which a good wagon road ot three miles in length gives the settlers another outlet, by which the products of their farms can be conveyed to the coast, to be conve nient for water carriage to Victoria and other markets on the Sound. The prairie or bottom land extends from Scquim bay, in a north-westerly direction, some ten miles, terminating in a precipitous bluff, which forms a portion of the eastern shore ot the har bor of Old Pungeness or Cherbourg, as it is now called; the width of the prai rie varies from two to seven miles. Per haps one-half of the whole of this area is open grass land, and the remainder forest. I say perhaps, because as yet this section of country has not been fully surveyed,consequently I am una ble to state the exact proportion of for est and pasturage. Oil the north si'V of the prairie is biutt" hill, some fort\ or fifty feet high, forming a ridge of several miles in length ; from the top of this ridge isouc of the most beautiful landscape views I have ever seen in this country. Immediately at the lb at of the bluff the level prairie commences, dotted here and there bv the farms of the settlers, which look in the distance like mere garden patches. Across the prairie, which at this point is about two miles wide, the eye meets the line of forest growing to a uniform height from the level bottom. Beyond and above the forest of the plains rise the foot hills of the Olympic Sierra, all densely covered with heavy timber, and above these hills the sharp crags and snow covered summit of the Olympic range of mountains rise, towering far above the clouds. —A*. /'. Willi*. During the spring and early part of summer, when vegetation is most lux uriant and the variegated carpet of flow ers in full bloom, the scenery is enchant ing and fully warrants the encomiums bestowed upon it by Vancouver, who writes in his narrative of his explora tion 011 the northwest coast in 1792 of the eountiv about Dungeness: "To describe the beauties of this region will on some future occasion be a very grate ful task to the pen ot the skillful pane gyrist. The serenity of the climate, the innumerable pleasing landscapes, and the abundant fertility that unassisted nature puts forth, require only to be enriched by the industry ot man, with villages, mansions, cottages, and other buildings, to render it the most lovely country that can be imagined, while the labor of the inhabitants must be reward ed in the bounties which nature seems ready to bestow on cultivation." Tfic open plains of Sequim prairie afford excellent pasture for stock, and already the settlers have large herds of cattle, whose condition showed the su perior quality of the feed. Those that I saw were in better order than any I have seen the past year in this portion ot the territory. Stock raisingat pres ent pays better than any other product of the farm: but as soon as experienced fanners with sufficient means will com mence a systematic method of agricul ture, the soil will yield abundant har vests. To make the land of Sequim prairie produce to its entire extent, the system of sub-soil plowing must be adopted; in fact deep plowing is the V«t for new lands at all times, and is OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, FEBRUARY 23,1801- From our Purl Townseud Correspondent. the groat secret of success 111 raising crops. XEW VARIETY OF WHEAT. One of the settlers, Mr. John Don- j noil, showed me a new variety of wheat j procured from the crop of a wild goose. ' As its history is interesting. I will give it as related to me l»v Mr. Donnell.— During the early part of the winter of i 1858 Mr. Samuel lv. Matnev shot a wild goose near the Hutte mountains, Sutter county, California, the goose was with a flock coming from the north: in its crop were some kernels of a grain such as Mr. Matnev had never seen before. I.t was evidently a species of wild wheat. The seeds were saved and planted the next spring, but before the plants had fully ripened Mr. Matnev came t<> this territory, bringing with him a few of the unripe kernels which he plucked from three heads of wheat. Mr. Matnev is well known, both here and in Clallam county, asa great hunter, spending the most 01 hi-* time in the pursuit of game. He is known hereby every one as "Uncle Sam." On one j of his hunting excursions lie called at Mr. Donnell's house on Scquim prairie and passed the night; the next morning he averred that he had lost :i parcel for which he would not take tive hundred dollars. A search wasthen commenced, and after a while an old rag was found with something tied up in it. Uncle Sam immediately claimed it as his l.>st parcel, and related to Mr. Donnell that it was the identical wheat that had been produced from seeds taken from the wild goose's crop. He then gave 1 •"> kernels of it to Mr. J)onncll, who plant ed them last year, and has now two thousand kernels which he will plant this spring, and save the crop lor seed until lie can increase it enough to sell to others. I compared some of this wheat with the common wheat raised oil the prairie, and it measured three times the size. Its shape is more like a rye kernel, being longer in proportion to its breadth than common wheat. It ripens very early, grows from tive to six and a ball'feet high, and has heads ave raging ten inches lung. Mr. Donnell savs that if it should not prove good wheat for flouring purposes it will be most excellent for fodder, as its yield h very great. The question naturally avisos, where could this wheat havcri ginated? The goose from whose crop it was taken came from the north, and as there is no wheat like it between here and California it must have to- ie from some part of the country far to the north of this, probably in the Rus sian possessions. It is asserted bv hunters that the wild goose, whin about to start upon its migratory tour, always first tills its crop with food and contin ues its flight so long as anything re mains undigested. Persons curious in such matters can calculate the length of time it requires for wild geese to digest their food while flying for a length of time, then take the number of miles a goose can travel through the sir per hour, and the result will give some idea from which to form an opinion as to where the wheat originally grew. I have seen varieties of wheat at the Patent Office in Washington, from all parts of the world, but I never have seen anything like this, and I have no doubt that if Mr. Donnell succeeds in increas ing the seed free from accident of smut, rust, or mildew, so that it can be gen erally introduced, it will prove a most excellent forage crop, and if its flouting properties tire of a good quality it will i»e a valuable addition to our cereals. Mr. Donnell calls it the '• Uncle Sam" wheat. WILD GAME. Sequim Prairie would bean excellent place for sheep raising but for the presence of innumerable quantities of wolves, whose dismal bowlings make night hideous, and cause the traveler, who may be benighted in the woods, great apprehension. These animals are very large and fierce, and cause the hunters much trouble by stealing their game. The elk are very plenty in the woods of the prairie and on the side bills, and parties go out to hunt them at the properseason. The usual method adopted after killing the game is to quarter it, ami then go to the settle ments for teams and assistance to haul it out. Unless the hunter has taken proper precaution the wolves are sure to get the game before he returns. One of these hunters having been served in this manner several times, placed some strychnine in an elks carcass, and killed some forty of the thieving wolves. A good business might be made ol*

hunting these wolves for their skins, which are valuable in the Eastern cities where they are manufactured into robes for wagons or sleighs, or for coats for j winter use. Besides elk and wolves, deer abound, and vast numbers are annually killed by settlers and hunters either tor their own food or else for the Victoria mar ket. Grouse, partridges, rabbits and squirrils are very abundant, and the la goons and bays upon the salt water arc tilled with ducks and geese. There is no b>ttor hunting-ground that I am ac quainted with than the range of country along the base of the Olympia range, extending from Port Discovery to Cape Flattery—ami on this whole range, no portion is better adapted to the hunter than Soquini. The most expeditious method of reaching the prairie, for any person up the Sound, desirous of visiting that por tion of the Territory, would be t<> take the steamer EHzu and pro ceed in her to Dungeness. From the village a good road of three miles will afford ea«y travel either on foot or horseback. A trip to Dungeness and Seqtiini will well repay the lovers of the picturesque, and if the hospitalities tendered me by the settlers of both places are an evidence of their general rule towards strangers, certainly no i• ° . one can complain. The great fertility of the land in Clallam county, and particularly in the vicinity of Dungeness, is well known. Had I the proper material to refer to, I would give you an account of the re sources of that county, but I think it but justice to the settlers for some one of their own number to write you such informat ion asyoti desire, upon that sec tion of the Territory. One thing, how ever, 1 can add from my own observa tion, and that is in relation to the cli mate. It i> a singular meteorological fact that the air is milder and more pure on Scquim prairie than it is here in Port Townscud. only thirty miles distant. The reason appears to nie to be this:—the belt of timber and hilly country bet ween the prairie and I >ungo no-s soften, and break the force of the strong north-west winds that prevail on Fuca Straits during the winter months, while the hills between Port Discovery and Scquim hay and the timber on the foot hills ot the Olympic range equally protect it Ironi the south-east winds which prevail on Hood's Caual and Pu get Sound, as far down as Port Town send, wh re they seem to expend their force. The two winds meet at the en trance to Admiralty Inlet, and it is not an uncommon occurrence to have the wind blowing herefrom the south-east, and below Point Wilson either a calm all the way to Dungeness or else a north west wind blowing on the Straits. On several occasions during my visit on the prairie T noticed the fog and scud driv ing down the passage between Point Wilson and Whidby's Island before a strong south-easter, while wo were en joying clear sunshine and a perfect calm. The roar proximity of tlio prairie to the base of the Olympic mountains will niitko it a convenient position lor any expedition to start from, with the inten tion of prospecting <>r exploring those mountains, either in the search for gold or to discover some pass which will lead to ihe fertile valley of the Chehalis. That both these objects can lie attained 1 have 110 doubt; no exploration, except a little prospecting, has as yet been un dertaken, but wherever the streams have been examined the color of cold has been found, and last year on tlie Klwha river, a few miles west from I>ulikeness, some very good specimens of rich gold were obtained. No one however has seen fit to prosecute the search—the attention of miners having been directed to gold fields already found on Fra/.er river, and in our own territory east of the Cascades. It is in contemplation to start a party of ex plorers through those mountains the coining summer. The result of their investigations will prove of great inter est, ami f have every confidence that a careful exploration will be crowned with success. {Should such prove the fact, the benefits that must accrue to this portion of the territory, in causing an increased population, will more than amply repay the present settlers for any outlay they may he called upon to make to defray the expenses of such an expe dition. Should it he my fortune tojoin the proposed party, you mav rely upon a full account of the result for your columns. JAMES G. SWAN. ggp- Old maids—a class of sensible women, who refuse to accept a husband until they get some one whom they can love and esteem —which of course, they rarely do. ISST The marble iloor of the rotunda of the Ohio State House is composed of 4,7i'7 "pieces of various colored mar ble, arranged in concentric circles Sketch of Major Anderson. Major Robert Anderson, whose name has now become as familiar as a house hold word in connection with the de fences of Charleston, was born iu Ken tucky, in September, in 1805, and is now, therefore, iu his 50th year. In personal appearance, he is about five feet nine inches in height; his figure is well set and soldierly; his hair is thin, ami turning to iron-gray; his complex ion swarthy; his eye dark and intelli gent ; his nose prominent and well fornied. A stranger would read in his air and appearance, determination and an exaction of what was due to him. Tn intercourse he is very courteous, and his rich voice and abundant gesticula tions go well together. He is always agreeable and gentlemanly, firm and dignified. On the Ist of July, 1821, lie entered the Military Academy at AVest Point, whence he graduated July Ist, 1825, taking a high position in a large class, composed of such men as Alex ander Dallas Baehc, Col. Benjamin Hu ge r, Col. Francis Taylor, Col. Charles F. Smith, and others who have been distinguished as well in civil life as in the line of their profession. His first commission was that of brevet Second Lieutenant of the 2nd Artillery, July 1, 1825, and lie was subsequently pro moted Second Lieutenant in the Third regiment, dating from the same day. From May to October, 1832, he was acting Inspector Oencral of the Illinois Volunteers, in the 4*lack Hawk war; and it is here worthy of note that our President elect, Mr. Lincoln, was one of the captains of those troops. In June, 1833, he was promoted Ist Lieu tenant, and between 1835 and 1837 was Assistant Instructor and Inspector at the C. S. Military Academy. In 1838 he became Aid-de-camp to Major-Gen. Scott, and in the billowing year pub lished " Instructions for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot, arranged for the ser vice of the United States," which has been highly approved. For gallantrv and successful conduct in the war with the Florida Indians, he received the brevet of Captain, bearing date April 2, 1838. July 7, 1838, he became Assist ant Adj.-< Jencral, with the rank of Cap tain. which he relinquished subsequent ly on being promoted to a captaincy in his regiment, October, 1841. In March, 1*47, he was with the 3d Artillery iu the army of Gen. Scott, and took part in the siege ot Vera Cruz, being one of the officers to whom was entrusted by Gen. Bankhead, the com mand of the batteries. This duty he performed with signal skill and gallant ry, and he continued with the army un til its triumphal entry into the City of Mexico, iu September following. Du ring the operations in the valley of Mex ico, In' was attached to the brigade of Geiu.Garland, which constituted apart oi Gen. Worth's division. In the at tack on Molino del Key, on the Bth, Sep tember. where he was*wounded very se verely, his brave conduct was the theiue of especial praise and commendation on the part of his superior officers. Capt, Burke, his immediate commanding of ficer, in his dispatch of September 9, says: "Capt. Robert Anderson (acting Held officer) behaved with great hero ism on this occasion. Even after re ceiving a severe ami painful wound, he continued at the bend of the column, regardless of pain and self-preservation, and setting a handsome example to his men, of coolness, energy and courage." Gen. Garland speaks of him being with " some few others, the very first to en ter the stong position of El.Molino," and adds that " Brevet-Maj. Buchanan, 4th Infantry; Capt. Anderson, 3d Ar tillerv; and Lieut. Sedgewick, 2nd Ar tillery, appear to have dcen particularly distinguished for their gallant defence of the captured works." In addition to this testimony to his liearing on that occasion we have that ot Gen. orth, who particularly directed the attention of the Commaudcr-in-Chiet to the part ho had taken in the action. "For gal lant and meritorious conduct, in the buttle of Molino del Rev," lie was pro moted to the brevet rank ot Major, dat ing from September, 1847. October 5, 1857, he was promoted to the position of Major, Ist Artillery, which position he now holds. This is certainly a good record for a soldier, and proves that a judicious se lection was made of the commander who is to defend the government forts and property at Charleston. The last service of Maj. Anderson, previous to his taking command of Fort Moultrie, was as n member of the commission ordered last summer by Congress to in quire into the manner of instruction at the West Point Military. Academy. The labors of that commission have already been laid before Congress. A Woman'• Politic*. Yes, Mr. Crocus, I think it's full time" you were home! I'd like to know where you've been all this time ? Only to an anti-secession meeting? What business is it of yours whether the South secedes or not ? A pretty idea, that the poor women folks nave to sit at home, crying their eyes out, while you are hallooing yourself hoarse about panics, and politic?, and—l don'tknow what else ! The Personal Liberty Bilf is in danger! Well, let it be in danger. Caleb Crocus's opinions on the subject, I presume. The Personal Liberty' Bill don't buy tea and 6ugar at your gro cery, 1 take it. People have a great deal too much Personal Liberty as H is—if it was a law keeping decent men at home with their wives at night, I should think differently! The Union is tottering to its foundation—is it? Well, if it can't keep itself up without your running to the tavern to putyour' shoulder under, I say, let it go! The" base lire-eaters of South Carolina are undermining our Constitution? In deed ! I should think you was under mining yours, by the looks of your' no?e! Pity the South Carolinians don't know your opinion of them. They'd appoint a day of fasting and humilia tion, probably! Don't tell me I don't understand the' weighty interests involved ! I under stand quite enough. Strange if Ididn't when you spend your whole time wrangling with drunken loafers and hurrahing at the silly speeches of some fool who is a degree more fanatical tlian even you ! I haven't any patriot ism ? My husband has enough for both it seems! I hear of nothing but national concessions, and compromises, and seceding, until I'm sick of the' sound of thein. Did you hear that clock strike, Mr. Crocus? Did you. know that it was eleven o'clock, and that you ought to have been home four' hourw ago ? No use turning the con versation to Old Abe. If Old Abe' can't take care of the countiy without your help, he must be a poor stick; aria talking about sticks, there isn't a bless ed kindling split for to-morrow. Who' did you suppose was going to split them ? Old Abe, I suppose ? Or per haps you are going to send up a com mittee from the tavern? You'll please" go about it as soon as possible! Ttri not going to set up all night for you. You want your supper? Well, I've' wanted you these four hours! You needn't go prying into that cellar—yorf won't find anything to eat there'., Where's the cold beef? Thecold beef has seceded, Mr. Crocus! There's no' use in banging that door, either. Keep your fingers outof the cake-safe, unless you want 'eni caught in the rat-trap.; See what comes of staying out tintil eleven o'clock at night. The next time you go to help save the Union, I'm going with you. It's very strange if a man's wife can't be a littie patriotic too ? I might expand my mind vastly by the study of politics! Oh! I haven't any patience with the', men! Crocus, you shan't stir out the house to-morrow night! How will I help it? I'll hide your hat! .Yotf guess you can go without a hat ? Theri I'll hide your trowsers! I'm sure I shall dream of Secession and Personal Liberty Bills to-night! It's enough to wear a women out. Ob; dear! I wish there was no such thing as politics!— Mrs. G. W. WyUjfi. A friend of ours has got a suit of new clothing, and thus relates his " experience": "We are completely dis f uised. We look like a gentleman. T pon first putting them on, felt like a a eat in a strange garret, and for a long time thought" we were swapped on.- Went to the house aud scared the baby into fits; wife asked us if we wanted ttf see Mr. A., aud told us that we Would find him at his office; weut there,- aud pretty noon one of our business ntett came in, with a strip of paper in hi* hand; asked if the lawyer was in; tola him we thought not; told him we' thought not; asked him if he wished to see him particularly; said he wanted him to pay that hill; told him we didn't believe ne would be in. Businessman! left. Started to the house again ; Mel a couple of young ladies.; ontf of them asked the other: ' What handsome stranger is that?' In this dilemmH met a friend and told him who we' were, and got him to introduce us to our wife, who is now as proud of us as cart be. The next time we get a new suit* we shall let her kuow beforehand." SIR ISAAC NEWTON'S "BULL." —It IS related of Sir Isaac that when be' made' u hole in hia door for the entrance of the cat, hfe mafic aleo a smaller one for the kitten! NO. 15.