Newspaper of The Washington Standard, March 16, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated March 16, 1861 Page 2
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THE IHASHIMiTOX STAMIUI). SATI'IiDAV, MAliril lU,ls«n. Union Resolves of Washington Territory. WIIERI:A>. Tiif present appalling < oijuncture of our public affairs i.- calculated to excite in the lieart of every loyal Aiaerii an, feelings of tlietnost itnxious s ilii'iiiulV eol pri'foiiinl ulann, prophetic ©f UUJ direct eaLuultj' 'hat civil liberty Inn ever vet been called upon to endure ; we, then-lure, representing the present Legislative authority of Washington Territory, nn integrant portion of our common country. deem i' our privilege and solemn duty, on so Momentous an occasion. to five ex pression to the fol!o--\ in;.** .-i-ntiiut-ut • : Jlwhtd hi/tin " " -1 wmhly of Wutkiityroii Territory— First. we i on-ider exi>ting uiitional I niou a? 1 ihe lir-t <■ t all p;.tiio.i< duties, and the chief ol all political Messing. j which uione can be secured the identity ot lhe American eiti/.en end t!i" I'u'.tilinu 11; «•!' our mission ns the great exemplar of free in.-tituiions. Second. That it is the boiindcn duty of all good and true citizens, and iallv ot those who guide and gowrn popular sciitiuieni. to counsel liariuouv an 1 conciliation, and to tiled and niaiii tain. tn* all necc-ary conces>i.'i:s and compro mises. the intcuTiti and perpetuilv of that holy brotherhood of State- under which we lave be come the admiration ol the world. Third. That we utterly discountenance—as fraught with incipient tie 'son. and the in-; lions offspring of rt "k!ess nspiralious. dis appointed: 111- Idtiou. or culpable !-in,r.:u ; e—all pri j'< ts tr a t'acilie Confederacy. W .hington ierr»tev\ c>>• ct-- onlv the distinction of exhibiting. tir-t an I her devotion to the entire I nion. as ereat-.-d >} • ur ancestors, consecrated by their blood, and r queathed to us, tlo palladium of rights. republican Territorial Convention. \ Territorial Convention will I. ••• M 1,1 *'■" Town of <Mv in pin. on MoMi.U . MAY tor tli<' ;itf.'p'.>su nf nominal in;r CiM'i- IIATK roll DKI.Kt.ATK To <'oMilillJ-s. t'l Mli>|lOl'tl'i| Ht <lie ijrnerul vki linn. «'ii tin 1 m''ini'l Moinlai "t ncNt. Tin* lm-i-' nf in!n|iti >1 i? two ileU'ir^tfor eneli l!"f>i , e- ; eiit.'.ti\f in tln- I: t ritori il l.r-<?ir't iltiri'. «»<•<■«ir• 1 -11 to I'i• • n|>j/ortion liient of IW»1. I'll! ,-i'i-nriiij.' 1" il ' at if -l one <)• in 1 lie .-..i1l Territorial ' 'invintioii. This w ill r-li.vrliliy i.ieiei -e the m:uilnr .f ilt U--.iti-> ulmve -i\ty. Inn will f.-uri' a mo: -ml r t>ri- M'lir.ttioit i>l -I'tiliim'iit. i »' ■-1 t! \•• •••inm ie~- will l.i*eiit*.t!'*■ Ito ilu to!l.iv. in-- mini!.' rt lMt it ■: Wll'troin :!• I-! i n-1 s ,t ,!:< >lll i- ii 1. I ii.lliHii'J. .lefl'cr.-on I. Kits.i |» "i. Ivi i'i I'irivt' •> s.iwami i •J. Tlllll'>ll.i■ s. I.i wi- "J. 1 hell'.lis ■»!!'' I'.-.- eifie Wahkiakum. t, Clark Skamania I. Cliekutat I. Will ill W all i S. Spok IIH- 2. Missoula 1. Tie committee allied that Suv amMt w;is * nti iltii to a member of tli** Legislature. AH I lime theiv' :e priveti to tint eoutity the li«presentit tion to uliii'lislie entitled. llej. •' iieiins are »nv «l to their county orgiiiii/.. iious at om-e. ai d to hold their county meeting at an c.rh day in Ma\ to nominate d«l»- gates. While all rounties are ur-iid to send dele gates in person, proxies ia;iy jiiw th ■ vote in the Convention t«» wliieh the « unity i- |»v order of the Ucp'iMieuii Central Committee, KLWIMM» KVANS. Chairman. Republicans of Fierce County, Organise! The Kepulilicnni of Pierce i-oimty are invite i to meet in Mass Convention at Steihieooni. on MON DAY. AIT.II. 1. ISiil. to]iei'l'e< t a llifroiii-'li i niiti tv orjrnni/iUioii. antl leet llelrjrate- to i.tleii'l tlie Ue|inlilii'iin Territorial Convention. to meet nt <llvnijiia. Monday May - ,1 . M A\IK IT nut' ASH. The Union Mscting at tiie Capitol. Pursuant to notice, a large and en thusiastic Mass Meeting of the citizens of the Second Judicial district, com posed of the counties ot Thur.-ton, Pierce, King, Lewis, Sawamish and Cltchalis, assembled on Thursday, the 14th instant, at Jl o'clock i*. M. On motion of Win. M. Rutledgc, Iv-tj., Hon. O. I>. MeFadden, Chief Justice of Washington Territory, was elected President. The President having stated the objects of the meeting. On motion of Mr. Rutledge, the fol lowing gentlemen were selected Vice Presidents: Hon. gilmore Hays, Hon. F. A. Chenoweth, (!ov. 11. X. McUill, Dr. J. H. Webber, Ira Ward, Jr., C. C. Terry, Win. M. Morrow, !). H. Rig elow, F. C. Purdy, S. garfield i>. Baker, James Piles, L. 11. Davis, An drew J. chambers C. Crosby, S. D. Kiuldle, and Win. McLean. Oil motion of (Jeo. W. Corliss, Esq., the following gentlemen were selected sis Secretaries: Elwood Evans, Frank Clark, J. W. Johnson, Aleck C. Smith, and John M. Murphy. Maj. N. A. Goldsborough moved the appointment ol'a Committee of seven, to report a series of resolutions express ive of the sense of the meeting. The President appointed as said Committee the following named gentlemen: 11. A. Goldsborough, Geo. W. Corliss, Geo. A. Barnes, W. \\ r . Miller, John X. Lowe, Wilson Saijent, and David Phillips, wl:o, after a brief absence re ported the following resolutions, which were unanimous!v adopted: Jirmheil, Thiit us citizens of Washington Terri tory, hulling from various sections of our common country, we do earnestly deprecate ami deplore any and every measure calculated to dissolve or loosen the strong ties of fraternal political unity, which have hitherto bn'tn I together our happy country into one graiid;;nJ prosperous nationality. Ktnulrrd, That there arc; no existing causes for the dissolution of our t'nion ; on the contrary, wc itrc of opinion that all present aggravations and encroachments, both real ami imaginary, can and ought to be amicably arranged hy mutual com promise and concession : and we think that such :> settlement is imperatively demanded by theiuag liiude of the vital iuteicsts now involved. It■■ nli-<<l. Tiiat our attachment to the I'nion is ui .'paired. steadfast nud immovable, ami that oui ii< pes for the future destiny of this Territory uri i;i eparably connected therewith. HiiJcnl. That we utterly repudiate, as a stain 0:1 our patriotism, a< destructive of our future ma terial prosperity, and as treasonable in nature and design, any nud all attempts to establish a Pacific Confederacy, or to dissolve or diminish our pres ent i itimateconn.' >t:oa with the Mother States;/ The meeting was then eloquently ad dressed by I lou. F. A. Chcnoweth, Judge O. li. McFadden, Frank Clark, Elwood Evans, Gilmore llays, It. 1\ Anderson, and J. W. Johnson. On motion, three hearty cheers were given for the I'nion, when, On motion, meeting adjourned. Destructive Fire at Vancouver. About two o'clock on the morning of the Oth instant, a lire occur roil at \ an eouvcr, by which an entire block ot buildings was destroyed. The lire is supposed to have originated in the Musical Hall building, from which it spread with great rapidity towards the river. 15ypullingdown Hatornnn & Eubank's saloon the progress of the llanics was arrested. Several buildings oil tile West side of Main street caught lire from the cimlers and heat, but it was soon extinguished. We learn from the Portland Arfrtr r that the following were the princi pal sufferers by the conflagration : Aird & Co. §.>,000; (,'has. Toelner, sl,-00; Chenette, £2,i>oo; Townsend, two buildings estimated at §2,000; |>r. Hawthorne, $1,000; 1\ (j'Kane, *?:i00; Kockett, .foOO; l'ateman & Kubank, 91,800; J. F. Smith. $1,000; AV. Kell.v, £i><'o. Total loss estimated at 6-0,000. John Kyan, an occupant of Musical llall was badly burned and was not cx j e ted to live. Tun I'NiviiKsiTY. —Wo publish in another column a notice over the sig nal lire of the I'resilient <>t the I niver- Mtv Commissioners, in relation to the I'niversity Lands of this Territory, to whieli we ask especial attention. It will he retneiubereil that Congress has iloni'tl'll to theTerritorv forty-six thous and eighty ai res of land, to IJP selected ami used tor I'niversity purposes, under direetioiiof the Legislature. At it- last session the Legislature appoint ed Messrs. Daniel Hagley, K. Carr, and .1. Webster a Hoard of ('otntnbsioners, to locate and sell said lands, and use the proceeds upon the .-ite they might select, at Seattle. The board have se lected a beautiful ten-acre site, and are engaged in locating and selling said lands. Those contemplating making Washington Territory their future home are now otiered an opportunity of obtaining Midi land as required, and settlers having land near tlieiu they may wish to obtain, even to fractions, can do so through the Commissioners. We earnestly ask that persons wishing to purchase land, will avail themselves ol this opportunity, and thus aid the cause of education at the same time. Mr. Uagley informs us that the ofli« e of Hoard will be at Seattle, where all com munications should be addressed. Tim: PN>xi:i:u ox <lovKiiNoii Si-:\\\uti>. The Ills! ifSIICOi till' I'ivHCO'llHtl iJilll ucr«t contains a column and over of a quasi attack on tlio political character of (iov. W. If. Seward. The materials of 11 lis tirade are vamped up irom the slouch til' old campaign documents, and co'.iM-t ol'a reha.-h ol'garbled extracts of speeches made, or said to have been made, by that distinguished statesman l'or the past ten years and more. We will not imitate the questionable taste of our cotemporary by filling our col umns with such during so eventful a crisis in our country's histo ry as the present. Mr. Seward needs no defense from us, and we humbly opine he will continue to survive, and live forever in the hearts of his patriotic fellow countrymen, notwithstanding our neighbor's diatribes. Shooting arrows at the sun is but a poor busi ness at the best, and we would there- fore recommend to our friend a pru dent husbaudrv of his resources. - A Fiuk-Eatkk i.\ Victoria. —"We learn from the Xew Westminster Times, that on Monday, March 4th, the public in the vicinity of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express OlHce were astonished at discov ering that the Stars and Stripes which had been hoisted to commemorate the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln had been lowered to half-mast high. Much ex citement was exhibited by the em ployees of the office, and had the at tempt been made a second time some thing serious might have resulted. L. E. V. Coon publishes his vale dictory in the Vartrou r<r Chronicle of the 7th instant, atul asks that his "wrongs of the past be forgiven." Let this thought console hini: It is better to re pent tute than never. We have no dis position to cherish malice against the truly penitaut, and we hineerely bony that with his withdrawal he the resolution to " act the better part." TUE MAILS. —On Wednesday even ing no mail was received from Oregon. On several other occasions, only a por tion of the mail reached this place. What is the difficulty ? We feel as sured that the contract on this end of the route is well performed. •Judge Ilowe, Republican, has been elected to the IT. 8. Senate by the Wisconsin State Legislature. Our Mail Facilities. As a contrast to our present mail fa cilities. the following quotation from the (.'ohiiiibiuii ol April, 18oJ, may not lw uninteresting to our readers. An unretlective mind would hardly appre ciate the condition ol'our "oldsettlers, who have l»een for three months with out « mail from the Columbia river, in the winter season, and not unfre (piently l'roin three to six weeks in oth er seasons. Hut even now with our nu merous and superior routes, we have a practical demonstration that mankind is never satisfied. We have heard complaints that there is our. day in the week on which no mail is received, and a few old " foirys" maintain that the /a mi-iiiiinthl-i ocean service is preferable, —but here is the extract: " He have before stated that we have but HHC mail route in all Northern Ore gon, and ihat one is from the mouth of the Columbia river to Olympia. We have not complained much about the manner in which the mail has been car ried over this route, although the re peated failures during the winter, wlnn it might have been earned through, was siiilleient cause for Irani complaint When the people on the Sound are treated as they have been this week, we think it is time to speak out in their be half. According to law, our mail is to leave this place every Tuesday uiorn ingat t! o'clock. This law was grossly violated oil last Tuesday. The mail carrier, after taking the mail front the oilice. concluded to have a >•/'/'( r before leaving town, and accordingly "g<>t drunk,' and did not leave till in the af ternoon. About an hour before lie started, he turned the horse louse upon which the mail was lashed. W lien this horsy was last seen. ii few tuih - from here, the saddle was turned and the mail-ban - was dangling at his feet. The probabilities sire that the mail matter is entirely destroyed. Late in the even ing. a gentleman came in from the prai rie who informed us that he met the mail carrier about eight mile* from here riding furiously towards the Cowlitz.. The Postmaster at this place, Mr. Moore, on receipt of this information immediately dispatched a messenger in search of the lost mail, with orders to carry it through if he should lind it. This mail contained a large number of letters, many of them important busi ness letters. If this state of t ili IILT-. is to continue, people will n<> longer trust their letters to go in the government mail, but will Icompelled to semi them to the Cowlitz by private convey ance. We hope the contractor will be made to sutler to the tune ot tfl.uiHl for this violation of contract on the part of his'man Fridav."' Tin: S»i tiii.un Mvn.s.—laitc I'ouy Kxpress dispatches inlorm in that the House <>t Rcprc>cuiativcs, have passed the bill suspendiug jlie mail ami postal laws in the seceding States. 'i'lit* S, /•'. yV/i/.'.v, speaking in relation thereto, says: "This is one step in the right direction. It will begin to briny; lioine to the seeedersoiieol' the inevitable re sults of their disunion. They will feel it, ami probably eall it a commencement of war. Let them. Had thov the sen timents of deeent independence they wotdd have declined receiving the lar gest of u good and to them cheap sys tem of mails from the Government they revile, insult and defy, when they decide to secede. It is disgraceful in them to accept poor-house assistance in the form of the postal system of the Federal Government. A wife running away from her husband,with a para mour would act as honorably in receiv ing her pin monev from her deserted lord." _ The Cmaikik ok Ji:due McFaddkn to THE Ghanu Jl'KY. —The portion of Judge McFaddeu's Charge to the (J rami Jury relating to the present National convulsion will be found in another column of this paper. It cannot but find a grateful response within the breast of every American citizen in the Territory. The Judge holds that all who arc endeavoring to create civil dis- Hcntion are guilty of Tkeason —the highest crime known to the law, and if that act is not overt—if it is not such as can be reached by the law, an indig nant popular sentiment should mete out that measure of disgrace that is due to the greatest violator of that sacred guar antee of the happiness of the people— our jurisprudence. We ask for it a careful perusal. Pierce Cuxxty Kembmcan Mass 'Meeting. —Let there be a general at tendance of the Republicans of Pierce county at the Mass Convention atSteil acooin, on Monday, April Ist. Our party </idy needs a thorough organiza tion in each county toinsnre atriuuiph ant result at the ballot-lntx in Julv next. H OOP. —The ease of City of Portland tv. Alunzo Leluud and Lansing Stout, relative to the Market Square, which has been for several yearn in litigation, lias been decided for the plttintiH* Charge of Chief Justice McFaddcn. Or.vMiMA, W.T.,March, 13,18G1. Hon. O. 15. MCFAPDKX, ('hit f Justice W'lshtu'ifiji) I\rrifuiy. i Slit: lam instructed to infonu you that at a meeting of the (Jrand Jury, for the 2d Judicial District of the Ter ritory of Washington, this day assem bled, the following resolution was iu ■j troduccd and udo]>tcd, to wit:

| Hi -mlml. That his Honor, Chief Jus tice McFaddcn, be and he is hereby re i spectfully rc(|iiested to furnish for their benefit, it true copy of the Charge to the (Jraiid Jury. Respectfully, Sir. Your Obedient Servant, WM. H. Woon, See. Grand Jury, 2d Jud'l Dist. Oi.v.Mi't A, W. T., March 18,1801. Wm. 11. WOOD, Ksi|., St 'i'. (rrttml Jmy '2<t Judicial iJist. Slit: Your lavor of rliis date, com municating the request of the Grand Jttrv for a copy of the Charge delivered to the (irand Jury at the present term of the 2d Judicial District is before me. Volt will find herewith a copy of so much of the Charge as relates to the unfortunate diilieultics existing in our Federal relations. Respect fully. Your < >hd't Scrv't, (>. I». McF.umrv, ( 11ie 1.1 nstiee of W. T. (!t ulft iitt n ol the. (ii'tiiitl Jtuy .■ —In addition to the .-peeilie instructions which 1 have given to yon. 1 deem it not inappropriate to add a lew words upon the unhappy ditlicultics which at present threaten to involve our gov ernment in ruin. The (Irand Jurv .".y^t'.'in is strongly characterized by a tea!ure of conservatism, and in those times of violent political excitement and sectional eonllict, when there ap pears to be a general upheaving of the most violent elements of society, and loosening of the bonds which have heietoi'ore bound our people together as a baud ot brethren of one blood and one destiny, whatever of conservatism there may be in the country, is strong lv appealed to by the highest - conside rations of honor and patriotism, to tij»- bold and create a public sentiment in support of the supremacy of the law and the legallv constituted authorities of the countrv. .\ strong public sentiment mttst bo created and suMained in favor of law ami order. Anarchy is ruin beyond thi' | >• >- i 1 »iiil\ »»1" 11|>t it>11. A spirit ol conciliation should be cultivated, and a strong and vigorous effort should lie made t<> restore fraternal relations which have heretofore characterized ?!i«• nieuiliers of our ai present unhappy country. Let it IK- the aim of all to lahor within tlieir proper sphere to ro -tore tiiat spirit of harmony, brotherly alii cti >n, and pnhlie confidence, which so lout;' characterized the members of this <>reat Confederacy, and which it is necessary should he developed if "we would render imperishable ouroneo •jlorioiis I'nioii, which lias heen eonse erated at thecxpeus ■ of so much blood and treasure. There can be no better starling point than with the giund juries of the coun try. Selected Irom among the best men in the community, for their intel ligence and the conservatism of their character, much may be done by them towards fostering a proper public sen timent. The spirit of discontent and revolution is rife throughout the land: let it be the highest and noblest work of all to cast oil on the troubled waters. Conciliation, harmony, and concession, may vet save our beloved country from the* perils which are impending over her. There are those on this Coast who I are seeking for a dismemberment of the American Union with a view to es tablishment of what might be termed a Pacific Republic. I need not say to you that the projectors, aiders and abet tors, of this scheme are guilty (perhaps unwittingly) of a high offence against the majesty of the law and the Consti tution of the country. Every move ment having for its object the accom plishment of this treasonable purpose so destructive to the best interests of the country, should be indignantly frowned upon. Unfaltering fealty to the American Union, and an energetic support of the legally constituted au thorities of the country, are most imper atively required at the hands of every true and loyal citizen. • Perhaps 1 cannot do better than to call your attention to an extract from one of a series of charges delivered to Grand Juries as early as 1702, by a dis tinguished jurist of a sister State, and which received at the time the highest commendation from the "Father of his Country." Judge Addison says: " Crimes which tend to the dissolution of the govern ment, are of all others the most heinous. The government being an abstract ex istence, its dissolution may not so much shock the feelings of the human heart, as the destruction of one man, the ob ject of our senses. Hut when we re flect that government is necessary for the happiness of mankind, that this crime tends to unhinge every society, (for society cannot exist without gov ernment,) ami reduce men to the state ot solitary and savage animals, the loss of an individual life will appear small, in comparison to that desolation of the face of nature, of the works of art, and of the human mind, which want of government would produce." "The less evils would also be inclu ded in this greatest of all, for a govern ment is seldom overturned without the death of many of iis citizens; and when treasonable purposes are formed and begun to be put in execution, a gate is opened at which may rush in a torrent of evils, never in the contem plation of the authors of the calamity, and against which they are not able to bum- tip." Permit me to say, gentlemen, that our past prosperity as a nation, and our happiness as a people, have led us to place too low an estimate upon the blessings we enjoy, nml insensibly we have been br< ught to contemplate, and look calmly upon that, which a short time since we would have repelled with horror. 1 have therefore felt it to be my duty to cull your attention to the law involved in oflcnces against the government. Treason and misprision of treason, are thus defined by the Constitution and laws of the United States. The third section of the third article pro vides, " that treason against the Uni ted States shall consist only in levying war against, them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort," again, the same section pro vides that "the Congress shall have the power to declare the puuiduneiit of treason." In pursuance of the power thus conferred, Congress passed au act which was approved April 30th, 1790, which provides in Section 1, "That if any person or persons owing allegiance to the United States of America, shall war against them, or shall adheiv to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort, within the United States, or elsewhere, and shall be thereof con victed, on confession in open court or on the testimony of two witnesses, to] the same overt act of treason, whereof j he or they shall stand indicted, such j person or persons shall be adjudged guilty of treason against the i'nited States, and shall suffer death." Section! "That if any person or persons hav- i ing knowledge of the commission of any of the treasons aforesaid, shall con- j ceal, and not as soon as may be disclose and make known the same to the Pros-| ident of the United States, or some of i the Judges thereof or to the President; or Governor of a particular State, or) some of the Judges or J list ices thereof, j such person or persons on conviction.! shall be adjudged guilty of misprison of treason, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding seven years, and lined not exceeding one thousand dollars." It will be seen how under violent and excited impulses, men may be led into positions of antagonism to the government. These can ultimately re sult iu evil, and only evil, to those who would subvert the law and resist the constituted authorities of the eountrv. I ask you gentlemen to consider these things. Gatherings by the Wayside. It is not generally known that alum stone exists in Califorusa, in thevieini ity c»l" Lanclia l'laiia. From this sub stance itiuiu of the greatest purity is obtained. The Emperor Napoleon lias eroeteil a largo building in Paris, for beggars of bolh sexes, who, after presenting proper vouchers, are to be provided "with food and clothing. A correspondent of the 8. F. Mirror, with more ferocity than discretion, sug gests a remedy for the secession agita tion in "whaling South Carolina out ot her boots, and seeding the State down with Canada thistles." A Califor nia paper of a late date says: Toombs, the traitor, is capping the climax of his infamy by challenging General Scott to mortal combat. No doubt it woutd be a great lift for the Secessionists if the hero of Chippewa could be disposed of u Id Broderiek, and all others of his pursuasiou in like manner, from Lin coln downward. Toombs would then, perhaps, be enabled to muster his co horts on Hunker Hill, as per pro gramme. We have no hesitation in expressing it as our candid opinion that if Toombs should slay General Win liekl Scott, the army would crucify him. Some of the most learned and distinguished men in Spain have united in a society for the purpose of forming a universal language, to be spoken by all the various tribes of the earth in the place of the present varying dialects. The gold sent from the mines at Pike's Peak to the mint amounts to 37,000,000. The overland mail stage was attacked on the 4th inst. near Tus con. The Nebraska Legislature have adopted a resolution, sending geetings and thanks to Major Andersou at Fort Sumter, for his gallant conduct. There is much excitement at Asto ria on account of silver mines discov ered high np on Gray's river; and an expedition has gone to secure claims. Ax INVENTION*. —Win. Walter, Esq., has shown us a contrivance for killing those pests of the farm, the blue-jays. Its construction is so simple that in may be made by any one of common inge nuity. The trap can be seen at this oificc. the nez perce MlNES. —These mines are engaging considerable attention at the Dalies. Evidences of their richness are increasing. The Mountaineer is confident of their productiveness. jgSiy A fire occurred in Portland on the 7th instant. Loss. $3,000, Kitsap County. This County was organized by au act of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Washington, passed Jan. lGth, 1857, under the name of Slaughter in honor of the gallant officer of the U. S. Army, who fell in defence of our Territory and people, in the Indian war, of 18f)">-G. Its boundaries Mere defined as commencing at a point in the rmritt channel of-Colvin's Passage, and running West along the old bound ary of King County, to the head of Case's Inlet; thence westerly along said line to the head of Hood's canal - thence following the main channel of said inlet to its junction with Adiui ralty Tnlet; thence following the main ship channel ot said inlet to its junc tion with Colviu's passage; thence fob lowing the main channel of said pas sage to the point of beginning. At the recent session of the Legislative As sembly, an amendatory act was passed, modifying the Eastern boundary of Sa wamish county, and taking a small por tion of the county of Kitsap and ad ding it to Sawamish. The same Leg islature which erected the County of Slaughter, authorized that the legal vo ters of said County of Slaughter, should at their next general election, decide by ballot the name of said county. At the election in July 1857, by a large majority, the people of that County expressed a preference for the name of "Kitsap," by which it has ever sinco been called. This county may be described as em bracing all the peninsula, lying between Hood's Canal and Admiralty Inlet, in cluding lilakc's and Bain bridge Islands, wiiii fifty miles of shore line upon Hood's Canal, and eighty miles upon Admiralty Inlet. No part of the county lies over four mile from naviga ble water. 110 ADS. Strictly speaking there are no roads yet opened and traveled in this county, in fa t water communication to all por tions is so well afforded it has dispensed with their necessity. A plainly marked, and considerablv travelled trail, con nects Port Madison and Port Gamble the distance being nine miles. There is also a trail from Port Orchard to Sea beck, distance four miles. iiEN' KB Ai. FEATI : R Eo. Tliis County is not adapted to gen eral agricultural pursuits, and very few chums within it, have been taken* with a view of making them profitable as farms. The soil is that peculiar to heavily timbered lands, and is covered with dense forests ot fir and the dit foreut varieties of the pine family, with the exception of a few wet prairies, and vine maple bottom lands, bordering 011 small streams or rivulets. About nil of the occupied claima»havc been taken with a view of their eligibility for mill scats, hurling and fishing station®, or lor mining. Coal and good moulding sand are found upon IJaiubridge IslantL The county is divided into four elec tion precincts, each of which consti tutes a road and School District. In three of these districts, school-houses have been erected, and schools have been taught. There arc no Clmrchea vet established, but the settlement) have been supplied with occasional preaching by clergymen of the Meth odist persuasion. COMMERCE AND MANITACTOMES. Kitsap may be justly styled a manu facturing and commercial county—the principal item being the manufacture and exportation of lumber. In 1859, over forty millions of feet of sawed lum ber were exported, to say nothing of the several cargoes of masts, spars and piles, besides quite a large quantity of pickled and smoked salmon, and dried codfish. Within the past two or thrfee years, the business of curing fish has not proved remunerative, although it must be admitted that the waters with in its borders abound in fish of many varieties. Considerable ship building has also been done, but the boaßt of the county is its great lumber trade and manufacture. In it are six steam saw mils, one flouring mill, one iron foundry with turning lathes, all driven by steam, and rendering necessaiy the use in all the above, of nine steam eu gincs. About seven thousand tons of shipping are registered as boing owned and paying taxes within the couuty. SETTI.KMKNTS. The first settlement in what is now included within this county, was made by J. .1. Felt of San Francisco, who located and erected a steam mill, hfc 1853, upon Apple tree Cove, but iiiii" a more desirable Bite on the north end of Bainhridge Island, on the south* side of the bay of Port Madison, he removed his saw mill during" the same year. It was subsequently purchased by George A. Meiggs, the present pro prietor of the land and improvements, within the precinct of Port Madison. The precinct now consists of some titty dwellings and shops, tho District Sohool-houao, two steam saw mills, con taining gang, muley and circular saws, capable of manufacturing eighty thou sand feet of sawed lumber every twenty tour hours; one iron toundry, with turning lathes, where all description of castings required for mill, ship anu farm work is executed with as much neatness and dispatch as any foundry upon the Pacific coast. The moulding earth used at the foundery is found a short distance from the mills. Kane Lodge, No. 7 of F. aud A. M. is located in this precinct. An Indian Reservation is located on Port Madison