Newspaper of The Washington Standard, April 6, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated April 6, 1861 Page 2
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WASHINGTON STANDARD SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1861. Union Resolves of Washington Territory. WHEREAS, TIIC present appalling conjuncture of our public affairs is calculated to excite in the heart of every loyal American, feelings of the most anxious solicitude and profound alarm, prophetic of the direst calamity that civil liberty bus ever vet been called upon to endure ; we, therefore, representing the present Legislative authority of Washington Territory, an integrant portion of our common country, deem it our privilege and solemn duty, on so momentous an occasion, to give ex pression to the following sentiments : Kt'oh'id hi/ the l.eg!s!utiee AwmMj/ <\f II a/hiiif/inn Territory— . First. That wc consider the preservation of our existing national In ion as the ti r.~t of all patriotic 'duties, and the chief of all political blessings, by which alone can be secured the identity ot the American citizen and the fulfillment of our mission ns the great exemplar of free institutions. Second. Tint it is the boundcn duty of all good and true citizens, and especially of those who guide and govern popular sentiment, to counsel harmony nnd conciliation, and to eflect and main tain, by «H necessary concessions and compro mises, the integrity and perpetuity of that holy brotherhood of States under which wc have be come the admiration of the world. Third. That we utterly discountenance—as fraught with incipient treason, and the insidious offspring of reckless aspirations, disappointed am bition. or culpable ignorance—all projects for a Pacific Confederacy. Washington Territory covets only the distinction of exhibiting, first and last, her devotion to the entire I'nion. as created by our ancestors, consecrated by their blood, and be queathed to us, the palladium of civil and popular rights. Republican Territorial Convention. A Territorial Convention will be held at the Town of Olympia, on MONDAY. M.W 20, IHOI, f>r the purpose of nominating a RKITIILICAN ( ANIII HATE FOR IIKI.KC.ATK TO CONCIIIRSS. to be supported at the general election, on the second Monday of July next. The basis of apportionment adopted is (wo delegates for each Representative in the Ter ritorial Legislature, according to the apportion ment of I Slit, but securing to each comity at least one delegate in the said Territorial Convention. This will slightly increase the number of delegates above sixty, but will secure a more general repre sentation of sentiment. The respective counties will be entitled to the follow ing number ofdclcgatcs : Whatcom 'J, Island 2, Snohomi.-h 1. Clallam 2, Jefferson 4, Kitsap .">. King l'ierce f. Sawamish 2, Thurston S. Lewis 2. Chehalis 2. Cowlitz. Pa cific 2. Wahkiakum. I. Clark H, Skamania I. Clickatat 1, Walla Walla 8, Spokane 2, Missoula 1, Shoshone 1. The committee agreed that Rawamish was enti tled to a member of the Legislature, r.nd have therefore given to that county the llepresonta tion to whichshe isjustly entitled. Republicans are urged to perfect their county organizations at once, and to hold their county meetings at an early day in May to nominate dele gates. While all counties are urged to send dele gates ju person, proxies may give the vote in the Convention to which the county is entitled. llv order of the Republican Central Committee ELWOOD KVANS, Chairman. The Inaugural Address—The Crisis. \Ve have the exquisite pleasure of presenting to our readers, on the first page of this paper, the Inaugural Ad dress of our sixteenth President, ABRA HAM LINCOLN. It is with pride we com mend it to the attention of Union loving citizens everywhere. While it argues in a mild and conciliatory vein, it says most emphatically that the laws MUST be enforced, the govern ment property held, and THE I xiox PRESERVED. Admirers of the indomi table Jackson ! you have another "By the Eternal" to guide the Ship of State through the impending storm. Trust in him: he, is the man for the occasion. *" * ; »■ The die is cast. The South must ac knowledge the supremacy of the law willingly, or she must be forced to do it. Mr. LINCOLX reasons with the ■South, not in a threatening manner but as a friend, and makes them their own judges and accusers, and proves the absurdity of their position. When the question is narrowed down to whether the laws shall be outraged and the Union dissolved, or by an ap peal to arms the dire calamity avoided, we have but one decision to make. The patriots' blood which is yet scarcely obliterated from the soil of New England calls for us to perpetu ate the glorious inheritance bequeathed by our ancestors. The patriotic appeals of our Fathers have scarcely yet died away, and can we, their sons, turn unmoved from their admonitions? If wo accept us an axiom the only doctrine consistent with reason, that "peaceable secession" cannot he ef fected except by permission of all the the States, —if, as the Democratic party leaders have continual I v asserted, se %> ' cession is not the matter of a day, but has been under contemplation for years, —if, as they have also said, they want no compromise whatever, we earnestly ask how can a war of subjugation be avoided? Grant the premises and the result is immutable. We hold that the preservation of the Union is paramount to all earthly con siderations. In the present struggle will be decided the most momentous interests known in the history of the world. It will be the balance upon which will be decided the existence of Republics yet slumbering in despotism. For eighty years have we been the ad miration of the civilized world—but as a day in the history of nations—yet our influence is apparent upon every people with which we have been placed in intimate relation. Let us adopt as our creed that cher ished sentiment graven deeply iu the heart of every patriot— '• THE UNION SHAM, HI: PRESERVED" —and ON t<» victory. And while we deplore the horrors of a war in which kindred will meet kindred in the death struggle, we can have the proud satisfaction of know ing that we are in the light, and that a just God, who holds the destinies of nations in his hands, will defend His people. THE XEW STATE. —I'oor Kansas has received rather a sorry welcome into the sisterhood of States, compared to the rejoicings usually attendant upon such tin occasion. The only notice we see taken of the matter appears in the telegraphic reports —"Kansas is admit ted"—or a few lines in some of our ex changes merely announcing the fact. Everything in the line of news, just now, must yield to details of the progress of treason in the South, and it is not surprising that she should be forgotten at a time when she should receive the most hearty welcome. We have now no "Foreign News," —"Napoleon and the Pope," " Movcinentsof Garibaldi," or under the caption of " Interesting to Ladies," an exact statement of the num ber, quality, color and texture, of the dresses worn by the Empress, nor would those ordinarily interesting subjects find readers if we had. AN e are an excita ble people, and if when an European Prince, or a delegation of barbarians from Japan pay us a visit, we are thrown completely oil" our equilibrium, it is not to be wondered at that the existence of a disunion plot should cause us to tly off in a tangent, and forget our pro verbial courtesy to strangers. So much by way of explanation to our new State. Hut a "few words," Miss Kansas, with you: We honor you the more, now that vour matronlv sisters of the South are putting on "airs" and wish to keep house for themselves, that you are not contaminated by their influence, and embrace the earliest opportunity to show vour devotion to vour mother • » countrv, bv hurrving into the family circle. Although you may have to oc cupy a back seat and receive but little notice until the family difficulty is over, be not discouraged, you will in due time be cherished as is only the "last in a familv." * Long live Kansas! The last in the l T nion, may she be the last to abandon it. ■ -• • • "BETWEEN Two STOOI,S WE COME TO THE GROUND." —We really pity our friend of the Pioneer. Helms neither compass nor chart by which too steer clear of the hidden shoals. One week he rather loans to Douglasism and the next he inclines to the Democracy, and hopes by these meanderings to beguile the time till the meeting of the Con vention. Now we would like to know something about our friends "position." We would have been inclined to class our friend as rather partial to the De mocracy. had he not participated in the action of the Union meeting on the 14th ult., and had not the pub. func. been charged with corruption in the last is sue of that paper. lie said that he be lieved the pub. func. had performed his high duty but imperfectly at times; but that whatever limits are charged against him may be traced to bad men, whom i 1 the. inexorable unwritten rides of partisan policy had appointed to office by en dorsement! lie added, "when a cit izen is President, he has no reason for acting otherwise than as a patriot." Of course obeying the "unwritten rules of partisan policy" cannot he construed to mean patriotism , and our eotempora ry condemns the Administration there for. From these tokens we are cer tainly encouraged in the belief that our friend is not so bad as other evidence would make it appear. " A man can not serve two masters," and wc there fore respectfully ask to which party he professes allegicnce. #®P-Tlic Republicans won't be very strong on the tariff, we imagine, as they refuse protection their own manufactures—the Chicago Platform.— I'iontrr. "Wo imagine" wc will protect the Constitution and the Union notwith standing your party is striving to over throw them. And our Platform seems to trouble you. We assure you it is strong enough to hold the Union. 'Spose you show us a few planks of your platform ? JUST KECEVED. —Chas. E. Williams, Esq., has recently returned from Pan Francisco with a'large and varied as sortment of Hardware, Farming Uten sils, Stoves, Provisions, Groceries, &c. Charley has the oldest established busi ness in Olympia, and we believe "old setlers" should deal with those who have been with them from the first. See advertisement. AN APPRENTICE. —Our fViondofthe Pioneer is evidently an admirer of Pren tice. His works show him to be an «/w-Prontice. Who are Responsible To the free press of America has been intrusted the guardianship of the priceless germ of liberty and the per petuity of Republican institutions. The prevailing tone of the press and popular sentiment arc so nearly allied that it is impossible to draw a distinc tion. As we can find no better criteri on by which to judge of the intelligence and marked characteristics of a village than through the columns of the village newspaper, so we may find in the lead ing journals of a nation an infallible record of the prevailing views and sen timents of a nation. It is not with any doubt as to the cor rectness of the assertion that we now charge the Democratic press with being the great cause of our national difficul ties. The dogmas of the leading Dem ocratic journals were seized upon by the lesser luminaries and scattered broadcast over the land, both North and South. The most absurd, base, LYING slanders were circulated in the South without fear of contradiction, as Republican papers were prohibited by State laws from a circulation there. We have before us now a paper intend ed fur ciiTidiition in the South, filled with charges against "black" Republicanism which it would be courtesy to ascribe as the origination of devils! And still this precious imrecau has the sanction and is endorsed by the signature of 11, of Oir</un ! What say you, freemen of America, of the practical workings of the boasted freedom of the press! AVe confidently assert that not one fifth of the people in the South have ever read our platform, or are aware of (he objects sought by our party, except as defined by olßcc-seeking tiro-eaters and Democratic newspapers; and is it surprising, we ask of any candid mind, that the people of the South, taught from infancy to look upon the North as a natural enemy and Aggressor —is it surprising that these malicious char ges should bo believed bv them? Thev R 1 * » are told that the term "Republican" and "abolitionist" are synonvines; that we favor emancipation; that we are op posed to (lie rendition of the fugitive slave; that wo are striving to incite the negro to insurrection; that we were the instigators of the John Drown raid ; that we are amalgamationists; and that we totally disregard the Constitu tional rights ot the South. And (his is but part of the array of charges,—we are also accused of corruption, extra ra (jancc and bribery, as (he shortest me(h od of "refuting" furls of like import against the late Administration. Wc have before asserted that Demo cratic policy was fully expressed in the three words: ltulc or ruin. Well nigh have these newspapers, under the control of such masses of corruption as Jolane and 11, enacted their damnable plot. The programme was deeply laid. From the split in the Charleston Con vention till the inauguration of Presi dent LINCOLN has the farce been played to the text, with the exception of the choice of Davis instead ot Jolane for Kmperor of the Confederated States. We believe the great mass of Southern ern people arc at heart loyal to the Un ion, and with such we would gladly compromise; but with the traitorous leaders we desire no compromise. They have placed their necks in the halter, and there let them hang. They have put themselves beyond the pale of safety under any phase the matter may take. They have Cain's mark upon their brow, and when our difficulties arc amicably arranged, they will, as did their prototype Arnold, exclaim: "I have not a friend in America!" They will receive the sentence bestowed upon traitors by every one who can lay claim to the name of MAX, be he freeman or serf, "Go your way, you nrenot of us." HaT" There arc three papers in Oregon advocat ing coercion, which means the rule of banditti, ruin, desolation perpetual civil war.— Vionttr. We assure the reader that the above gem did really appear in the last issue of the paper to which it is accredited. Will the people tolerate such silly, non sensical assertions, from one whose le gitimate duty it is to enlighten the pub lic mind? What is coercion but the en forcement of the laws? And our co temporary defines it " the rule of ban ditti, ruin, desolation [,] civil war." Have we not treason in our midst ? MORE GOODS. —Win. G. Dunlap, Esq., has received a large assortment of Spring and Summer supplies. Hav ing made his own purchases, ho will undoubtedly be able to please every body both iu price and quality. Give him a call. Read the miscellaneous articles on the fourth page. From the Interior. WALLA WALLA, March 25, 1861. En. {STANDARD : We have cheering news from the mines. Two of the men who led off in discovering the mines returned a few days since, bring evi dences in the shape of about forty-five ounces of the dust—the result of five day's work by nine men, and at great disadvantages, the weather being very cold and the snow deep, so that it was not possible for them to work more

than half the time of each day. They are candid men, and they are confident of milking twenty or twenty-five dollars a day when winter opens. They esti mate they have prospected over au ex tent sufficient to work three or four thousand men this year. There has about two hundred men gone from here already, and many more are preparing to go. The Indians seem to he well disposed—it fact, everything is inviting to those that are in need of the needful. I could write much more that one is able to gather from the many rumors, but 1 have written enough for the pres ent. More anon. "OCCASIONAL. TIIK COKWIN AMENDMENT. —We pulv lish below the import of the Convin amendments to the Constitution, taken from the Portland Times: The first prohibits slavery in present territory north of 80° 80', and declares present statute in regard to slavery un changed while Territories. Nor shall Congress or Territorial Legislatures prevent the taking of slavery into the Territories south, nor impair the rela tion between master and slave. Terri tories to be admitted as States with or without slaverv. The second declare* (hut no new territory shull he nc(juired, except by treaty, nor except tor naval stations and commercial houses, unless ratified by four-fifths of the Senate. The third declares Congress shall not interfere with gluverv in tlieStates, nor in the District of Columbia without the consent or Maryland, nor interfere with slavery in Tinted States forts, etc., nor interfere with inter-States slave trade. The Fourth declares no State shall be prevented from enforcing by legisla tion the delivery of fugitives from la bor. The fifth foreverprohibifsthe foreign Slave trade. The sixth declares neither sections, except second and fourth, shall be amended or abolished witho.it the con sent of all the States. The seventh declares Congress shall provide for the payment to the owners ot the value of slaves recovered from (he Marshal. LINCOLN'S KI.KCTION. —Our friend "Mud-Sill" seems (o be unnoved at (he charge made by (lie Democracy (hat " two-thirds of (he people have en tered a solemn pro(cst against the elec tion of President LINCOLN" in not vot ing for him ! The assertion is worthv of the Democracy, and shows the nature of the bride. While treason stalks openly iu the South you must expect occasional niutterings from Northern colleagues. To invalidate President LINCOLN'S election they must overthrow (he Constitution, which they have been striving (o do. Ki». STAXDAUD: —I see it stated in some papers, that Mr. Lincoln was not elected by a majority of the people ot the United States; and one paper as serts, that two-thirds of the people have entered their solemn protest against Mr. Lincoln's election. Now, if it re quires a majority of all to, elect a Pres ident, then old Miss Buchanan was not properly elected, for he did not get a majority of all the votes cast. But I never heard anybody complain that he was not properly elected. Now it hap pens that Mr. Lincoln received more votes than the old Pub. Func. received when he was elected. And if Repub lican papers were allowed to circulate in the Southern States, Mr. Lincoln would have received many thousand more votes. Such statement* are hardly worth answering, but I like to see both sides stated. MUD-SILL. Pfljf Tli<» question now is, which <lo .vou love best, Republicanism or tlic I'nion?— l'iontrr. To make sense of the above wc must understand the editor to mean by the term "the Union" the uuitcd baud of conspirators and thieves who form the " united Southern confederacy." This is about the style of logic by which the readers of that journal are entertained. Its arguments arc mere assertions, and so ambiguous at that, that one must know beforehand what it intends to say, aiid judge accordingly. THE TOWN ELECTION. —On Monday last, the annual election was held at the Council Room, and the lollowiug gen tlemen selected as Town Trustees for the ensuing year: T. M. Reed, B. F. Harned, S. W. Porcival, E. Evans, and A. Frankel. Ninety-six votes wero cast in favor and one against donation of the Public Square for the county buildings. jg®» The Tribunes Charleston cor respondent says that when the " chiv alry" muster for drill, each is followed by a negro carrying his musket. COAT.. —See the advertisement of S. X. Doty. Esq., elsewhere. Pierce County Republican Mass Meeting. The Republicans of Pierce county met in Mass Conventiou in Goodburn's building, at Steilacoom, on Monday, April Ist, at 7 o'clock r. M. Phillip Kcach, Esq., w r as called to the Chair, and G. Ford chosen Secretary. The Chairman stated the object of the meeting to be, to effect a county organ ization by appointing a Central Com mittee ; and to select five Delegates, to uttend the Territorial Republican Con vention, to be held in Olympia, on the on the 20th of May next, for the pur -I>ose of nominating a candidate, for Jelegate to Congress. On motion of E. Meeker, Capt. .Tas. M. Bachelder was requested to read the Inaugural Address of President Lin coln, which had just been received. The address was read in a very able manner amidst great enthusiasm, and endorsed unanimously by the meeting. Ou motion, proceeded to vote for Delegates, to attend the Territorial Con vention, which resulted in the election of the following gentlemen, by a plu rality vote: E. Meeker, Dr. J. B. Web ber, Charles Spittings, J. W. MeCarty, and Abner Martin, Sen. On motion, the following gentlemen were chosen by acclamation, to serve as Republican Central Committee for Pierce county : Capt. James M. Bach elder, (J. Ford, Charles Spittings, Thos. Deadly and 11. G. Williamson. On motion, a committee of live were appointed by the Chair, to draft a set of resolutions, expressive of the senti ments of the party, and to report at the next meeting. * Capt. J. M. Bacli elder, J. Is. Webber, Robert Goodburn, J. V. Meeker and O. C. Sliorey, were appointed on this committee. On motion, the Secretary was in structed to furnish a copy of the pro ceedings of this meeting, to the Wash ington Standard, and request their pub lication. The meeting then adjourned subject to the call of the Central Committee. l'uiLii* KKACII, Chairman. (}. Ford, Secretary. 7 i Land Claim Decision. GENERAL. LAND OFFICE, January 24, 1801. Sru :—ln the ease of John L. Butler, which is the subject of your letter of 27th October last, there is before this olliee Donation Certificate No. 4, in fa vor of John L. Butler and his wife Artiincsia Barnes, issued by the Regis ter and Receiver, March 2d, 18."to, for file X. W. JX. E. (properly X. JX. E. J) k X. \ X. \V. i, Sec. 4; X. J X. iX.E.I,S.W. JX. E. W. JS. E. J, and \V. 1 Sec. .">. Town. 1H X., R. 2 \V., the said \Y h of See. 5 being set oft' as the wife's portion. The papers show that Butler was married after his settlement was made, and there is no evidence that they lived together on the claim as man and wife more than six months, and they were divorced before the expiration of the term of settlement required, and the settlement and cultivation was contin ued for the full term of four years by Butler alone. The 4th See. of thejact of 27th Sept. 1850, requires that the 040 acres shall be allowed to a married man, of whieh one half shall enure to and ho set apart for the wife, upon proof of lour years continuous residence and cultivation. Now Butler, at the date of completion of his four years settlement, to wit: 25th Pet\,lßs4, had no wife, it being shown that she was divorced in Nov., 1854, and there Mas consequently no such four years residence by married persona as would authorize the allow ance ot 040 acres to the claim. Butler began his settlement as a sin gle mnn and so concluded it, and is therefore entitled to the quantity, al lowed to a single man, S2O acres. Ilis marriage, with the subsequent temporary residence of his wife on the claim, confers no additional right, and is entitled to no consideration. The case is not regarded as coming within the provisions of said 4th Sec., in rela tion to married men. The Certificate before us will there fore be cancelled, and the proofs are herewith returned, as it appears from your letter above mentioned your rec ord is defective. You will issue a new Donation Cer tificate, bearing same No. (4) to John L. Butler, for his half section, and I see no objection to giving him the Eastern portion of the claim, as shown in the diagram of the same, received with your letter of 27th Oct. last, approved by Surveyer General Tilton, Nov. Bth, 1859, ami will return the same for pat euting, sending up therewith the en closed papers. Very Respectfully, Your Obedient Servant, Jos. S. WILSON, Commissioner. ISAAC W. SMITH Esq., Register. LADY FRANKLIN. —This inestimable Lady has recently visited Portland, Or egon City, Vaucouver aud Cascades. She and Miss Craycroft, expressed much delight with the miyestic scenery near the latter place. Tho steamer Julia made a pleasure excursion to the Cas cades in honor of the occasion. THANKS— To Capt. Fleming, of the Eliza Anderson ; E. Giddings, Esq., of the Multnomah ; and T. M. Reed, Esq., Agent of W. F. & Co.'s Express, for files of late papers. Later from the Atlantic Side. The new Administration is proceed ing harmoniously. The Senate has confirmed the Cabinet appointments. They are, Sec retary of State, Wm, H. Seward, of New York; Secretary of the Treasury, Salmon P. Chase, of Ohio; Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania; Secretary of the Navv, "Welles, of Connecticut; Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair, of Mary land ; Secretary of the Interior, Caleb B. Smith, of Indiana ; Attorney Gen, oral, Edward Bates, of Missouri. A tew Senators voted against Blair and Bates, because they were from the South. It is reported that Mr. Lin coln has stated to Southern gentlemen that his Inaugural meant peace. Mr. Crittenden, in response to a sere nade, urged his friends to stand by the Union. The people alone can fettle.the question. Adjutant General Cooper and Assistant Withers have resigned.. The Army interest opposes the Itromotion of Major Anderson. )ispatches show that Gen. Twiggs re ceived orders reducing him from com mand, before the surrender of the U. S. property. In the U. S. Senate on the Bth inst., Foster offered a resolu tion to expell Wigt'all because he de clared himself a foreigner, and owed 110 allegiance to this government. Wigt'all not being present it was laid over. After the transaction of some other unimportant business, the Senate committees were announced. Secre tary l)ix entered the Treasury to find requisitions for $1,900,000, with $450,- 000 for fishing bounties and §350,000 treasury notes; these have all been paid. The accounts have been stated, in ex pectation of Mr. Chase's entrance on his duties, and they show a balance in the hands of the Treasurer and disburs ing officers, applicable to the current • expenses of the Government, exceed ing §0,000,000; this, with the current receipts from the customs, amounting to about SHO,OOO per day in coin, it is believed will enable the incoming Ad ministration to sustain itself without calling for further loans for a consider able length time. Douglas considers the message one of peace, and approves its tone, but will not support the Ad ministration. lie and Crittenden have sent telegrams to th% Virginia Conven tion urging them not to secede. The Southerners at first generally looked on the Inaugural as meaning war. Con sequently a great excitement was pro duced. even among the most conserva tive Union men. . During the last day or two things have become more quiet. Seward, in a short speech to the Illinois delegation, said the battle of freedom had been fought and won. Henceforth all influence must be given to save the Union. The way to main tain the Republican party is to main tain the Union. The matter of tho forts at the South is left wholly in the hands of the .Jeff. Davis government.. There are no hostile demonstra tions yet. Crawford, Forsyth and Roman, Southern Envoys now in Wash ington, arc about making known the views of their government. The Vir giniaaiul Missouri Conventions have ta ken no definite action yet. A speech in favor of coerciou was made in eaeh of the Conventions . The returns are said to indicate thatt.be Unionists have succeeded in North Carolina. Ar kansas has elected Union officers in Convention. It is understood that the Border States will delay action un til thev have a correct understanding of the policy of the Administration. If coercion be not resorted to there is no doubt that every one will stick to the Union. Crittenden was spoken of for the supreme Court, but his nomi nation is opposed by Trumbull and oth ers. Judd, of 111., is appointed Min ister at Berlin. F. W. Seward ia As sistant Secretary of State. Major Anderson and Col. Sumner are spoken of for traitor Twiggs' place. Floyd has arrived at AVashington to stand his trial. Tho Cabinet is considering the propriety ot withdrawing the forces from Fort Sumter. Either this must be done or reinforcements must be fur nished. It is said that Gen. Scott advises the withdrawal of the troops. Republicans in Washington are divid ed as to the true policy to be pur sued. The Cabinet had arrived at no conclusion. It is thought' by many that if the troops are withdrawn secession will receive its death-blow. Accounts from "Washington seem to indicate a peace policy on the part of tho Administration. The South ern Commissioners have made no movements. Gov. Houston has is sued a proclamation declaring Texas out of the Union, though he refuses to take the oath of allegiance to the new Government. In the Virginia Con vention, the majority report of the Committee on Federal Relations docs not recommend secession, but recog nizes the right of any State to with draw from the Union tor a just cause.. It demands a fair proportion of the Territories, and equal protection there in ; advises amendments to the Consti tution, and, failiug in securing the rights of her sister States, declares that Virginia will assume her sovereign power, throw herself on her reserved rights, and oppose by force the Federal : Government, for any purpose. It makes a pacific policy toward the se ceded States an indispensable condition, and recommends a Border State Con vention at Frankfort, Kentucky, i» May next. The repeal of the Maine Personal Liberty bill has passed the