Washington Standard VOL. I. THE WASHINGTON STANDARD —l3 IgSI'KD KVKRY SATURDAY MORNING BY — JOHN M. MURPHY, BDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Subscription Rated: ter Annum & 44 Six Months 2 Invariably in Advance. Advertising Rates: One Square, one insertion, $3 00 Kacb additional insertion 1 00 business Cards, per quarter, 6 00 iy* liberal deduction will be made in favor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. JQTNotices of births, marriages and deaths in sertcd free. IST Blanks, Hill Heads, Cards, Bills of Fare, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, 4c., executed *1 reasonable rates. Orrin —ln Barnes's Building, corner of Main and First Streets, near the steamboat landing. f6gr All communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the cdi itor of the WASHINCITON STANDARD. The Law of Newspapers: Subscribe™ who do not give express notice to the contrary nre considered as wishing to contin ue their subscription. If subscribers order their papers discontinued, publishers may continue them until all charges are paid. , , . If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their pa per from the office or place where it was sent, they arc responsible rtntil they settle the bill and give notice to discontinue. If subscribers move to other places without in forming the publisher, and the paper is sent to the former direction, they nre held responsible. No tice of removal should always be given-. The courts have decided that refusing to take a paper or periodical from the office, or removing and leaving it uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of intentional fraud. The published rates of abvertising govern in all rases, except where special contracts have been made previous to insertion. The courts have re peatedly so decided. Kitty Byder. Kneeling by the atrentm I saw Kate, the farmer's daughter, Drinking—in her rosy palm Dipping up the water. HIIP had thrown her hat aside, Hare her arms and shoulder; Each unconscious charm displayed Made my love the bolder. So I slowly, tenderly, Went nnd knelt beside her— Drunk with her from out the stream — Blushing Kitty Ryder 1 And I said—"The poets think Life is like a river; Shall we not its waters drink, Always, love, together?" Many years liave passed us by, Like the flowing water, Uut I drink life's stream to-day, With the farmer's Aiughtcr. The Union. ■V W. H. LONOriLLOW. Sail on, O! Union, strong and great! Humanity, with ail its foars, With all the hopes of future years, Is hanging breathless on thy fate ! We know what Master laid thy keel, What workmen wrought thy ribs of steel, Who made each mast, and sail, and ropr, What anvils rang, what hammers beat, In what a forge and what a heat Were shaped the anchors of thy hope? Fear not each sudden sound and shock, 'Tis of the wave and not the rock; 'Tig but the flapping of the sail, And not a rent made by the gale! In spite of rock and tempest's roar, In spite of false lights on the shore, Rail on nor fear to breast the sea I Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee. A BEAUTIFUL EXTRACT. —When the summer of youth is slowly wasting away into the nightfall of age, and the shadows of past years grow deeper, as if life were on its close, it is pleasant to look back through the vista of time, upon sorrows and tolicities of other years. If we have a home to shelter and hearts to rejoice with us, and friends have been gathered by our fir - sides, then the rough places of our wayfaring will have been worn and smoothed away in the twilight of life, when the sunny spots we have passed through will grow brighter and more beautiful. Happy indeed are those whose intercourse with the world has uot changed the tone of their holier feeling, or broken those musical chords of the heart whose vibrations are so melodious, so touching in the evening of age. AFFECTION IN MAN AND WOMAN Women are said to have stronger at tachments than men. It is not so. Strength of attachment is evinced in little things. A man is often attached to an old hat; but did you ever know of a woman having an attachment for and old bonnet? WST "The little darling—he didn't strike Mrs. Smith's baby a purpose, did lie? It was a mere accident wasn't it, Sammy?" "Yes, mar, to be sure it was, and if he don't behave himself, I'll crack him again." A legal wag called his marriage certificate "a writ ot attainVl her." Artemui Ward among the Shaken. Artemus Ward, in Vanity Fair, gives some of his experiences among the Shakers: I sot down to the table, and the fe niail in the meal bag poured out sum tea. She said nothin, for five minits the only live thing in that room was a old wooden clock, which tict in a sub dood and bnshful manner in the corner. This dethly stillness made me oneasy, and I determined to talk to the feniail or bust. So sez I. 44 Marrige is agin your rules, I blceve, marm ?" 44 Yay." 44 The sexes live strictly apart, I spect?" 44 Yay." 44 It's kinder singler," sez T, puttin on my most sweetest look and speakin in a winnin voice, 44 that so fair a made as thow never got hitched to some likely feller." [N. B.—She was upward of forty, anii homely as a stump fence, but I thawt I'd tickif her.] 44 1 don't like men," she sed very short. "Wall, I dunno," soz I, "they're a raytlier important part of the popula shun. I don't scarcely see how we could get along without 'em." " Us poor wimmin folks would git along a great deal better if there was no men!" "You'll excuse me, marm, hut T don't think that air would work. It wouldn't be regler." " I'm fraid of men !" she said. "That's onnecessary, marm. Yon ain't in no danger. Don't fret yourself on that pint." " Here We're shet out from the sin ful World. Here all is peas. Here we air brothers and sisters. "We don't marry, ami consekcntly We have no do mestic difficulties. Husbands don't ahooze their wives—wives don't worrit their liushans. There's no children here to worrit us. Nothin' to worrit us here. Xo wicked matrimony here. Would thow like to be a Shaker !" "No," soz I, " it nin't ntv stile." I had now lusted in as big a load of Cervishuns as I could carry comforta ly, and leauin' back in my clicer, com menst pickin my teeth with a fork. The femail went out, lcavin' me nil with the clock. I hadn't sot thnr long before the elder poked his head in at the door. " You're a man of sin !" he sed, and groaned and went away. Directly thar cum in two young Sha keresscs, as putty and slick lookin gals as I ever met. It is troo they was drcst in meal hags like the old one I'd met Krevisly, and their shiny, silky har was id from sight by long white caps, sich ns I spose female gosts wear; but their eyessparkled like diamonds, their ckeeks was like roses, and they was cliarmin enuff to make a man throw stones at his grandmother, if they axed him to. They commenst clcarin away the dishes, eastin shy glances at me ail the time. I got excited. I forgot Betsy Jane in my raptcr, and sez I. "My pretty dears, how are you ?" " We air well," they solumly sed. " Whar's the old man V" sed I, in a soft voice. "Of whom dost thou speak—brother Uriah?" " I mean the gay and festive cuss who calls me a man of sin. Shouldn't won der if his name was Uriah." " lie has retired." "Wall, my pretty dears," sex I, "let's have sum fun."Let's play puss in the corner. What say ?" " Air you a Shaker, sir?" tlicy axed. "Wall, my pretty dears, I haven't arrayed my proud form in a long wes kit yit, but if they was all like you per haps I'd jine 'em. As it is I'm a sha ker pretemporarv." They was ful of fun. I seed that at fust, only they was a little skeery. I tawt 'em puss iu the corner and sich like plase, and we had a nice time, keep in quiet of course so the old man shouldn't hear. When we broke up sez I, "mv pretty dears, ear Igo you have no objections, hev you, to a inner* sent kiss at partin ?" " Yay," they sed, and I yny'd. SPUNKY. —The Democrat , published at Waco, McLenan county, Texas, is a Union paper, and battles manfully for the Union, though surrounded by se cessionists. A late number contains the following spicy paragraph: "Our paper yet lives. Idle threats are pass ing around that it is to be thrown into the riven If timely notice is given us, by the 'river throwing* process, some thing else about the size of men, will there and then 'go overboard.'" £o* " Confound all opposition/' as the owner of a watering machine said when a heavy shower of rain came on. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, MAY 4,1861. Women Duelists The few duels fought between wo-1 men liave, for the most, been charac terized by great ferocity. Madame Duneyer mentions a case of a due! with swords between two ladies of rank, who would have killed each oth er had they not been separated. In a feminine duel, on the Boulevard St. Antoine, mentioned by De la Colom biere, both the principals received sev eral wounds on the face and bosom—a most important fact illustrative of the pride the fair sex take in those parts. Sometimes ladies have distinguished themselves by duels with men. M'dlle Dureaux fought her lover Antonettii in nn open street. The actress Maupin challenged Duineny, but he declinedto give her satisfaction, so the lady strip ped off his watch and snuff box and bore them away as tropics ot victory. Tlie same lady, on another occasion, having insulted, in a ball room, a dis tinguished person of her own sex, was requested by several gentlemen to leave the ball room. She obeyed, but forth with cliallonged and fought each of the meddlesome cavaliers —and killed them all! The slaughter accomplished, she returned to the ball room, ami danced in the presence of her rival. The Mar quise de Nelse and the Countess l'olg nac, under the regency, fought with pistols for the possession of the Due de Uichelicu. In about 1827, a lady of Chateauroux, whose husband had re ceived a slap in the taco, called the of fender out, and severely wounding him in a duel, fought with swords, wiped off the stain from her lord's honor. The most dramatic affair of honor, how ever, in the annals of female dueling, occurred in the year 1825, when n young French girl challenged a guarde du corps who had seduced her. At the meeting the seconds took the precau tion of loading without ball, the fair principal of course being kept in igno rance of the arrangement. She tired first and saw her seducer remain un hurt. Without flinching or trembling, or changing color she stood watching her adversary, while he took deliberate aim, (to test her courage,) and then, after a painful suspense, fired into the air. A Pretty Scene—President Lincoln Kisses a Pretty Girl. A correspondent of the Chicago Tri bune describes the following " pretty scene," in the trip of Mr. Lincoln from Cleveland to Buffalo: At Silver Creek a very pretty scene occurred. He had spoken a few words from the rear platform, and paused to ask the name of the station. " Silver Creek." "Silver Creek!" said he; " why I now remember I have a lady correspondent at Silver Creek. Not long ago I received a letter from a young lady of this place, who fluid she was a Republican, and had seen my portrait. She said she thought I would find it improved my looks to let my whiskers grow. AY ell, now, here I am, and have taken her advice. Is she of the same opinion now ? Is she here to see how I look with my whiskers, now for the first time in rny life permitted to grow?" A Voice—"What is her name?" Lincoln (hesitatingly)—" Well, I l»c --licvc her name is Miss Mary Berdell." Tho crowd—" Well, herc'sho is." At this moment, amid a lively scene of cheeriug and bustling in the crowd, a right pretty damsel, half blushing, halt pleased with the novelty of the af fair, was pointed out to Lincoln by universal acclamation. Not an in stant's nause made he in descending from tlie platform and shaking her hand, exercising further the Presiden tial priviledge of a kiss, at which the crowd expressed the hugest possible delight. THE CLOCK AT ST. PAUL'S, LONDON. —A writer in the Foreign Quarterly, thus describes the machinery of this great London clock: "The poudulum is fourteen feet long, aud the weight at the end of it is one hundred weight; the dial on the outside is reguluted by a smaller one within; the length of the minute hand on the exterior dials is eight feet, and the weight of each sev enty-five pounds; the length of the hour figures, two feet and two und a half inches. The fine tone bell which strikes, is clearly distinguished from every other bell in the metropolis, and has been audible at the tlistauce of twenty miles. It is twenty feet in di amater, and is said to weigh four and a half tons. The bell is tolled on the
death of any member of tho Royal family, of the Lord Mayor, Bishop of London, or the Dean ot the Cathedral. The whole expense for building the Cathedral was about a million and a half pound* sterling." Compromises seem to be the order of the day ; propositions arc multiplying frorik every quarter, all aiming at the pacification of the South—but all un satisfactory to our Southern brethren, because, as 44 One who voted for Lin coln/' intimates in the Argus ot Thurs day—they did not go ueep enough. T>eepfy impressed with the correctness of this view, I propose to try my hand, and without further preface respectfully offer the following programme: First the restoration of the Missouri line. 2d. I would have that line moved North, so that all territory South of the St. Lawrence river be included in the Southern division. 3d. In order to humiliate and crush out tlic rebellious disposition of Massa chusetts, I would have a grand slave mart established on Bunker Ilill, with auxiliaries in Fanuiel Hull, auil on Bos ton Common. 4th. An early amendment of the first clause of the Declaration of Indepen dence—striking out the word all, and substituting the word some. sth. A declaration by the Republi cans—That they are sorry they have elected Lincoln, and are willing to be forgiven. 6th. The public burning of the Chi cago Platform, and such portions of the ltible as seem to conflict with slavary. 7th. The removal of Hunker Hill Monument to South Carolina. Bth. The immediate massacre of all free negroes in the Northern States. l»th. Perpetual banishment of Garri son, Phillips, Abby Folsom, Daniel Pratt, Mrs. Bloomer and Caleb Cusli ing, to Liberia. 10th. E I'liirilms Unum to bo amend ed to read E Plunbus Carolina. 11th. The Turkey Buzzard to bo substituted for the American Eagle. 12th. Major Anderson to be hung. 18th. The stars to be obliterated from the national ensign, and a bale of cotton substituted. 14th. Howell Cobb to be proclaimed President, and Governor Floyd Seere tarv of the Treasury. isth. Only two newspapers to be al lowed in the free States—the N. Y. Dag Book ami Eastern Argus. 10th. The New England pulpit shall be controlled by Censors appointed by Senator Wigfall. 17th. The old hats of Ivcrson, Jeff. Davis and Yaney, shall be set up in the market places of tho most rebellious Northern cities, and every person refus ing obeisance sliall have bis nose flat tened, be painted black and sold into slavery. I would proposo this programme to the South at onco. No reasonable Northern man can object to it. We have already yielded so much that the slight addition here suggested can never be felt If after this liberal offer our Southorn brethren shall continue contu macious and insist upon cutting our throats, then in the spirit of '76, let ns muster our strength, and—run away.— Portland Courier. NAVY OF TIIE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY. —ln the matter of naval resources, the Toombs-Davis Confederacy is consider ably worse provided than tho North. Its entire Navy consists of the follow ing revenue cutters, seized from tho United States Government: McLelland, 4 side guns and one pivot, crew 35 men; Lewis Cuss , one 58 pounder, crew 45 men ; Aiken, one 42 pounder; crew 85 men; Washington , one 42 pounder, and tho Dodge, one pivot gun. Besides these, there is the tug propeller James Gray, purchased at Richmond, which carries a 42 pound Columbiad; the cap tured slave brig Bonita, which is being changed to a war vessel; the steam gun boat Nina, which mounts one gun, and has jnst returned to Charleston from a ten days' cruise on the coast, aud tho steamer Eccrqlade,. The U. 8. steamer Fulton , seized at the Pensacob* Navy Yard while in ordinary, carries four 42-poundera. It will cost SIO,OOO to put her in sea-going trim. 06?- Floyd, as Secretary of War, had a salary of eight thousand dollars per annum. He was poor when he entered the office. He neld the office about three years and six months. .From his savings he sent home in Virginia by Adams' Express, one hundred and twenty thousand dollars. Most extra ordinary economy! Some twenty-eight or thirty years ago, Horatio King, the late Post master General, and Hannibal Hamlin, the present Vice President, were en gaged in publishing a weekly newspa per in the small ana obsure village of Paris, on the Little Androscoggin riv er. in Mnine. A New Plan. A Third Confederacy Projected. The New York correspondent of the San Francisco Bulletin, under date of March 26th, writes as follows: A new sensation is sprung upon us, by the announcement that Texas poli ticians are intriguing with a few uneasy and ambitious spirits in New Mexico and Arizona, for the formation of an other Confederacy, of which Texas and the Territories named are to form the nucleus, and Mexican territory, from the Rio Grande to the Gulf ot California, one of the prospective ad ditions. The Messilla Timea contains a cor respondence touching this notable scheme, in which Mr. Owens, Governor of Arizona, your old representative in Congress, I*. T. Herbert, and some per son who professed to represent the State of Texas, are the parties engaged. A dispatch from Washington tells us that Governor Owens warmly approves the scheme, and has promised to lay the subject before the Territorial Legisla te Convention, which was about to assemble. It is said the visit of the Hon. Ned McGowan to this city has some connec tion with the project, his mission being nothing short of that ot raising the men and means with which to inaugu rate the movement. Men enough for such an expedition can doubtless be found here among Ned's old chums in the Sixth Ward, and if he would only take away with him all those ho can muster, together with Mulligan, Ryn dcrs, and other individuals of that sort, that might be named, he would really be doing the city a great good. Hut as to money, there, I think, he will tail. The brokers of the other confederacy have been here before him, and returned with cmptv pockets; and when men like Gov. Pickens, Jeff. Davis and Al exander 11. Stevens fail to command confidence, how can fellows like Ned McGowan and l'hil. Herbert hope to succeed. EUROPEAN SOVERElGN'S.—Europeion tains ut present including the dispos sessed Italian princes, forty-seven sov ereigns, of whom the eldest, the King of Wurtemburg, is nearly seventy-nine years of age; the youngest, Prince Henri XXII., of Reus* Greiz, is only fourteen. After the King of Wurtem burg comes the Landgrave of Ilesse- Ilomburg, who is seventy-seven. In the order of age the King of the Bel gians stands sixth, the Pope seventh, the King of Prussia tenth, the King of Saxony thirteenth, the Emperor of Rus sia twenty-fourth, Queen \ ictoria twen ty-eighth, the King of Sardinia thirty first, and tho Emperor of Austria for tieth. According to the length of reigns, the sovereigns are thus classed: Tlic Duke of Saxe-Memingen, who has reigned for 57 years; the Prince of Swartsburg-Rndolstadt, 58 years; the I)uke of Anhalt-Dessau-Gotha, 44 years; eleven sovriegns, among whom are the King of Belgians and the Sul tan, have reigned from twenty to thirty years ; fourteen, comprising the Kings of Prussia, Bavaria, Denmark, Holland, Sardinia, and the Emperor of Austria, from eleven to nineteen years; eighteen sovereigns, among whom are the Em perors of the French and Russia, the Queen of Spain, the Kings of Saxony, the two Sicilies, and Sweden, have reigned leas than ten years. The last sovereigns who have ascended the throne are the Grand Duke Charles Louis Fredrick of Mecklenburg Stre litjs, and the Prince Adolphus George of Schanmburg-Lippe. WHAT CONSTITUTES AN ABOLITIONIST. —The Southern Literary Messenger, a magazine published at Richmond, Ya., thus defines an Abolitionist: 44 An Abolitiouist is any man who does not love slavery for its own sake, as a divine institution; who does not worship it as the corner-stone of civil liberty; who does not adore it as the only possible social condition on which a permanent republican government can be erected; and who does not, in his inmost soul, desire to see it extended and perpetuated over the whole earth, as a means of human reformation sec ond in dignity, importance and sacred ness alone to the Christian religion. He who does not love African slavery with this love is an Abolitionist. THETWO PRESIDENTS.— I the two Pres idents, Lincoln and Davit, were lyini inKentocky, within a few miles, and within a fetf months of each other. Each is 52 years of age. This reminds Us of the culminating poiht of the South Pass, where streams rising on different tides of the oulmiuation very near other, flow into the Pacific and the Atlantic. Leaf-Life. Tho leaves are the feeders of the plants. Their only orderly habits of succession must not interfere with their main business of finding food. Where the sun and air are, the leaf mast go, whether it be out of the order or not. So therefore in any group, the first consideration with the young leaves is much like that of young bees—how to keep out of each other's way, that every one may at once leave its neighbors as much free air pasture as possible, and obtain a relative freedom for itself.— This would be quite simple matter, and produce other simply-balanced forms, if each branch, with open air all round it, had nothing to think of but recon cilement of interests among its own leaves. But every branch has others to meet or to cross, sharing with them, in various advantage, what shade, or sun, or rain is to be had. Hence every single leaf cluster presents the aspect of a little family, entirely at unity among themselves, but obliged to get their liv ing by various shifts, concessions, and infringement of the family rules, in or der not to invade the privileges of oth er people in their neighborhood. And in the arrangement of these conces sions there is an exquisite sensibility among the leaves. They do not grow each to his own liking, till they run against one another, and then turu bnek sulkily; but by a watchful in stinct, far apart, they anticipate their companions' courses as ships at sea, and in every new unfolding of their edged tissue, guide themselves by tho sense of each other's remote presence, and by a watchful penetration of leafv purpose in the far future. So that every shadow which one casts on the next, and every glint of sun which each roflocts on the next, and every touch which in toss of storm each receives from the next, aid or arrest the devel 'opmcnt of their advancing form, and direct, as will* be safest and best, the curve of every fold and the curreut of every vein.— Jtuskin. THE SWORD OF APVER(INE.— In tho wars of the first French Empire, a scion of the noble house of Auverirne, enlist ed ns n common soldier. He consid ered it the duty of nil Frenchmen to fight for France, and lest his connec tion with the armies ot Bonaparte, should he construed to his disadvant age, ho refused all offers of advance ment. He might have been a Marshal of France; but he fought for the love of country, not for Bonaparte. After having fought 111 a hundred engage ments, and earned the titlo of the "First Soldier of France," he was killed in one of Napoleon's great bat tles. He was the idol of the French army; and his death was the cause of universal sorrow. His name is held in reverence, and whenever the roll of his regiment, the first name is "La Tour Do Anvergne." and the answer from the oldest soldier is: " Died on the field of battle." This solemn ceremo ny attaches to his corps, and by regi mental ordinance is made perpeual.— His name will thus be called t day by day until France and her glories fade awav forever. The sword of La Tour De AnVergne has been in the hands of a relative for half a century. Quite recently be pre sented it to Joseph Qurribaldi, as the only man worthy to wear it, whom Europe has produced for fifty years. LAKE HARNEY. —Tho toltotting des cription of Lake Harney, SOtae three hundred miles in the interior from the Dalles, will be read with Interest; " Lake Harney is seventeen miles in length from east to west) ftitd, about twelve miles over at its greatest width. The elevation is over 4,000 feet above the sea level. It Is fed by two small streams—Moose creek from the west, and Willow creek, flowing through a succession of tule marshes from the notth. This lake has no outlet; the waters contain a mixturo of salt and saleiarus in strong solution, and are exceedingly offensive in odor and taste. The immediate surroundings are dreary and barren in the extreme. No fish can live in it, though Willow creek, Its tributary, contaius immense number*. This stream drains a beautiful valley* commencing twelve miles north of the lake, having an area of not less than 5,000 miles—a luxuriant meadow, bounded by cliffs of basaltic rocks cn the west, and the timbered slopes of the Blue Mountains on the east. Tho great altitnde renders this beautiful valley wholly unsuitedto agriculture, yet its luxurient pastures may some day allure thither the hardy adventater with his flocks and herds." Caution is the sentinel of reason. NO. 25.