llailiigfm SB £fx>4xtl VOL. I. THE KISHUtiTIH STAMIAIi) —l4 ISSUED EVGRY SATURDAY MORNING BY JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR ANI) PROPRIETOR. . •# • - - - - - - Subscription Kates: Per Annum S-" 5 "® » Six Months 200 Invariably in Advance. Advertising Rale*: One Square, one insertion, $1 00 Each additional iu.-ertion 1 00 Business Cards, per <|tiarier 5 00 •©"A liberal deduction will lie ninde in favor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. fc£f".Voticea of births, marriages and deaths in serted free. Blanks. Bill Heads, Cards, Bills of I'nre, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, 4.C., executed at reasonable rates. 8®" All communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the edi itor of the WASHINGTON STANDARD. OFFICE —In Barnes's Building, corner of Main and First Street- - , near the steamboat landing. A Dollar or Two. With curious steps ns we treat! our way through This intricate world ns other folks do, May we still on our journey be iible to view The benevolent f ice of a dollar or two. For an excellent tiling 1* h doll ir or two, No f.iend is so true As it dollar or two; Through country or town. As wo pass up and down, No purport so good As a doll.ir or two. Would yon reid yonrself out of the bachelor's crew, And for the hand of a pretty young fem'lc sue t Viiu must alw iyj lie rcudy the handsome to do, Although it may co.-t you a dollar or two. Love's sorrows are tipped With n dollar or two, And afl'ci:tioii3 are gained Willi it dollar or two ; lit advancingyour suit, The lie.H aid you cin meet I> thi eloquent chink Of a dollar orlwo. Would you wish your existence with faith to im- bue, And enroll iu (lie r nki of the sanctified few, To enj jy a good name and n well-cushioned pew? You must freely conic d j wn with u duii.«r or two. The go-pel is preached For a dollar or two, And salvation is reached By n dollar or two. You m ly sin sometimes, Hut the worst of all crimes Ii to find yourself short Of a doll ir or two. STANDI NO ON EnytiiorrE. —Those who are termed "simple minded peo ple" adopt a curiously innocent mode of expression ftccasionally, which comes BO near art, at times, as to render its simplicity doubtful. A story is told of a young married couple—from the coun try, of course—who recently attended an exhibition of " Dissolving Views." The bride being pretty, attracted the at tention of a stylish-looking city gent, who occupied the same seat with them. During the exhibition, the audience Eart of the hall being already obscured, y some accident the light was nearly extinguished. Pending its recovery, which occupied some little time, the city gentleman, perhaps accidentally, gently pressed the hand of the bride, who was too much alarmed to offer any resistance. This bold act was followed by a bolder, certainly not accidentally, for the city Lothario absolutely kissed the bride! This was too much, andthe young wife resolved to tell her husband, which she did, when the following whispered colloquv took pace: "John!" "what?" "This feller here's kissing me." " Well" said John, who wasu little shy of the citizen, " tell hint to quit." 44 O no, you." "Tell him yourself." "No John, I don't like to; yoa tell him. T4** gentleman is a perfect stran ger ,-to uie." ■—• ■ 1 ■ ®®~The whiskey insurrection took place in Pennsylvania in 171 M, when Washington was President. It was caused by the dissatisfaction of distillers and their adherents J»t cvrtiin laws passed bv Congress affixing duties on •tills and spirits distilled within the United State*. Washington ordered OOt 15,000 troop*, and these quickly dis persed the insurgent*. Only three lives trm lost WASTED TO IIIM. — In a gay circle in the Fauburg St. Ilonoro, they were conplimenting the beautiful Dncheiw dt' on tlie approaching and apparent birth of an heir to s«» illus trious a house as her own. "Say no thing of it to my husliand," she replied, " It is a nice little surprise that 1 am pre parity for hint!" I9*A company from Chillicothe, Ohio, that could not be muttered into •erviee, ha« offered the Government a bonus of $4,500 for the privilege of ser ving daring the war. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, AUGUST 10,1861. Officers of the Army. When all eve*are turned to tliearmy, any information in regard to it-; princi pal officer*, its organization and its gen eral management, may be presumed to bo acceptable to the public. The only Major General in the army is Gen. Scott, who is also Brevet Lieu tenant General. He entered the army from Virginia, l is native State in the year ISO.*'. Having I wen educated for the Icir, he may he regarded as a Hell made General, lie was appointed a captain ot light artillery, by Thomas Jefferson, on the 2d of May, INUB, I»e --ing then twenty-four years of age. lie was promoted to the rank ot Major General in I*4l, by President Tyler, and brevetted as Lieut. General by President Buchanan, in 18o7—the bre vet dating from the 20th of March, 1847. Gen. Scott's pay as Lieut. General is about §15.000 a year, ot' which $13,700 is drawn from the Pay Department, ami the balance from the Quartermaster's Department, lie is now in the seven ty-sixth year of his age. There were, until recently, three Brigadier Generals in the army, but by the desertion of General Twiggs the number is reduced to two —John E. Wool and \V. S. Ilarnev. General Wool was brevetted as Major General on the 23d of February, 1547, for his conduct at the battle of Bucna Vista, lie was in early lite a drv-goods merchant in Troy, N. V. Being un successful in business, and being a fa vorite with the dominant parly of ISI ii, ho was, through the influence of De Witt Clinton, appointed by President Madison a captain in the 13th infantry. Dr. Win. Eustis, of Massachusetts, was then Secretary of War, and had served in the Revolution with Major Wool, fa ther of John E. Wool, who merely ap plied for a lieutenancy »•< the .-on of his old friend, the Major. lie procured for him a captain's commission instead,' much to tiie surprise and gratification of the young aspirant for military hon ors. Gen. Wool is now nhout 73 years of age, anil ranks very high as a discip liiuirian and an executive officer. Gen. Hi rncy entered the nrniv, also from civil life in 1818, as 2<l Lieuten ant of the Ist. In tlie Army Register lie is sat down as a native of Louisiana, hnt his real birthplace is Kentuekv. lie is of Irish descent, and of remark ably fine personal appearance, lie is about sixty-five years ot age. Bravet Brigadier General Joseph E. Totten, Col. ot Engineers, is one of the oldest officers in the army, having en tered it from Connecticut in 180;>. IFe resigned in 180G, and was appointed 2d Lieutenant ot Engineers in 1808. Gen. Totten is a graduate of West Point, and is unequalled as one of the most accomplished military engineers of the present day. lie is nearly eighty years of age, but remarkably vigorous and efficient. Lieut. Col. Thayer, of the Engineers, entered the vrmy in 1808. For many years he filled the highly responsible position of Superintendent of the Mil itary Academy at West Point, and ele vated that institution to the rank ot a first class military school. In his prime, no officer of engineers had a higher reputation than Colonel Thayer: but he is now a very old man, and his capacity for active service is en tirely limited. Under the superintend ence of the West Point Academy, ma ny of the most brilliant and efficient offi *er* of our army were educated. Col. Tlwyer is a native of Massachusetts, and a graduate of Dartmouth College, a* well as of West Point. Il:s is about eisrhtv. He rv*ign«*d the eharge of the Military Academy in 1*32. in consequence of a disagreement with General Cass thcu ScTetary of War. Col. Craig, the head of the Ordin ance Department, is a Peiiusylvauian. and is 7t» years up*, lie ha* re cently bee: l detached from active ser vice on account of infirmities, and the duties of Colonel of Ordnance are dis charged by Lieutenant Coionel Kipley. a native ot'CoiiuecticM. Hij.ley entered the army in 1814, as a Lieutenant ot Coast Artillery, having been educated at W«**t Point*. He is apparently about 70 year* of ege. Col. Albert, of the Topographical Engineer's it superannuated. Major Bache, u Pennsylvania!!, discharge* the duties of the head ot the Bureau. Brigadier General £. V. Sumner, now in command of the Department of the Pwitic, is a nat vc of M>**sachu- j setts. In early life be was a clerk in • hardware store in Montreal,and through the friendship of the late Cut Storruu j of the Army, he procured a commis sion as 2d Lieutenant of the 2d In fantry, in the year 181t>. Gen. Sum ner ranks among the best and most ef fective men of the armv. i Col. Kwing of the Artillery, is su perannuated. He is a native of Mas sachusetts, and entered the army in Hin family were loyal to the ltriti>h cause in 177<», but after the war became .Icttrrsonian Republicans. They were related to the Colonial Gov ernor Shirley, and thorough goingaris toi rats. (\»l. Kwing married the daugh ter of Mrs. Langdou Klwyn. of Phila delphia, who was herself the daughter nt Governor John Langdoti, of New Hampshire. He resides in Baltimore. The oldest officer, by date of coin mission, is Col. Whistler, of the -Ith Regiment of Infantry, who entered the army from Maryland, iu ISOI. He served in Detroit, and is incapacitated from old age. Brevet Brigadier General Thomas, Adjutant General of the army, is a na tive of Delaware, and extremely popu lar as an officer and a man. So is Lire vet Brigadier General Mansfield, now in command of the Department of Washington, and about sixty years of a<;e. The Paymaster General is Col. Ben jamin F. Earned, a native ot Massachu setts, who entered the army in 15513, as Ensign of the -Ist Infantry. He suc ceeded the late Gen. Towsen as Pay master General in 1854. Col. Larned is a model of accuracy in the manage ment of his Hureau, and in private life beloved and admired by nil who know him. EXOT.AXD AT A NON-PLUS. —England possesses so many ship* of war that they might be stationed within two-nnd a li ill' miles of each other all round the coast ot Great Britain and Ireland, yet still an extra appropriated of JC1,000,- 000 (five million dollars') is asked to purchase timber for additional vessels. The proposition has elicited some in teresting tacts. in regard to the strength ot the English war marine, and the mean* at the disposal of France for the invasion of bur ally. A distinguished member of Parliament shows that the naval preparations of Franco were grossly exaggerated, and that while England has a steam reserve of Oil ships in '.lie Med way, and .'>l at Portsmouth, the French have really no channel fleet at all. A serious question was raised a* to whether, even were the law grant ed, timbercould be found to build many more vessels than are already com prised in the Hritish Navy, great dilli ciilty having been experienced iu ob taining material for the purpose* of the last reconstruction of that arm of her set vice. The fleets of the world may eventually be compelled to ransack the forests of Oregon for a supply* for no where in the world is material for ship building purposes more abundant. The forests of Siberia will eventually con tribute largely to this important branch of traffic, when commercial enterprise on the Antoor shall have received its tull development. At present, England and France appear to have exhausted the ready supply of all the world's most accessible marts. — $. F. Hcraltl. A TRI E GENTLEMAN. —Some writer. who has proper appreciation of a true gentleman, has produced the following truthful remarks:— Show me the young man who can quit the «ocicty of the young, to |i-t«'ii to the kindiy voice ot jijfe—who can hold cheerful converse with one whom years have deprive! of charms—show me »ho man willing to help the de formed who need help—«ltnw me the man who no more hx-k* rudely at the poor in the village than at the well iliwfd lady in the saloon—show me the in in who abhors the liliertiue's gibe—who nhiiu* m* a b'.»*phc;ncr the tradii<-er of his mother's sex—who •onus ** he would a coward, the ridic uh rof woman's foible*. or the expo w-r» of woman's reputation—show me the mHI who never TO.-gat* for an in- Mant, the delicacy, the iv*j>ect that is due to woman in nay condition urcla** —and you show me a true geutle ntau. ISrThc London Daily News, after examining the of oar country,
in relation to the condition of the two race*, venture* the epecnlation "that the Southern jrmnp of States will be come mulatto in population and propri etorship" at no distant day. Show me the leading newspa pers of a nation" said Daniel Wefcter "audi will tell you ita statue without re ferring to ita biatory." The Pony Express arrived at Middle Gate Station, seventy-five miles east of Fort Churchill, July 26. The follow ing is from the Sacramento Union: WAsnixoTOir, July 18. Gen. Buckner, of Kentucky, went home to-da«\ He was here to urge the Government to respect the neutrality of Iveiituckv, and succeeded in exact il1 iC no promise trom the Administra tion that it would not protect the Un ion majority of that State at all haz ards. Lorisviu.n, July 12.—The Military State llourd decided that no more money would bo expended on the mil itary encampment; also demand of the Governor to call in all the arms in the possession of the State Guard, and make a fair distribution between the Home and State Guard. Privateers "Jeff. Davis" and "Sum ter" are- reported to have each cap tured several vessels lately. U. S. ves sels of war and Union cutter* were on their track. Gen. McClelland drove Col. Pegram from his entrenchments on Rich Moun tain, capturing nearly ull his tents, guns, provisions, wagons, and other equip ments, and taking many prisoners. Some were killed on both side*. The rebel loss was much the heaviest. In the House, Colfax proposed to allow soldiers to send letter* without prepaying postage, under such regula tions as the Postmaster General may prescribe. Postage to be paid by re cipients. Agreed to. [n the Senate, July 12th, Trmnble offered a resolution asking the Secre tary of Wur to inform the Senate whether any contracts had been made except by regular officers, commission ers, or quartermaster*; and it so, lay llicm before the Senate. Salisbury offered a resolution propo sing amendments to tho Constitution nmt poaceatilu adjustment of the pres ent difficulties. Ordered printed. WASHINGTON*, July 12. The gun boat Freeborn returned from Aquia Creek; and reports the discovery of two infernal machines in tho water, one of which struck the rudder of tho Uesolute, but the fuse of tho other b• it out. The Freeborn brought it to the Navy Yard. Taliaferro, son-in-law to a Senator, was arrested by the Washington police as a spy. The latest reports from prominent secessionists, plans und location* were found on him. At Monroe, Mo., on the 13th, the federal troops were reinforced, and routed the rebels, capturing Captain Owen, who will probably be hung— also captured seventy-five other pris oners, one gun and a largo number of horses—twenty or thirty rebels killed, several federalists wounded but uouo killed. A severo shock of an carthquako was felt at Montreal, Canada ou tho 12th. Gov. Elli* of North Carolina is re ported dead. Washington, July IS.—Since tho do livery of seecssiou speeches in Con gress, traitors are growing bolder, and treason i* uttered in tho streets openly. Gen. Gurnett's force* evacuated Lau rel Hill and were pursued by Gen. Mor ris, and overtaken while fording Cheat River, wheu they attempted to make a stand and were routed agaiu. They were again overtaken and brought to an engagement at Carrick's Fonl. Gen. <tartlet was killed. The rebels fled in great confusion. Morris' command i<N»k many prisoners, several guns and a large amount of baggage, campequip page. etc. The rebels left t« enty dead on the field, at Carriek'e Fonl. besides carrying otf many killed and wounded. NVH- York. Juljr IS.—Patent Oio» receipt* aro (|<m n lo ilmmt nothing. It it Haiti recruiting fif tbe Southern Coiifviloniii it gotugon in all tbi comi ties »iirrouudiiig Frankfort. A Fremli war steamer, with an Ad miral on hoard. arrived at Halifax J'llj Bth. and will go south i* arrival of fire or six ineu of war which Ml shortly expected. Washington, Julv IB.—Calenlatiooa o( the Post Office Department aliow a yearly income of poatage of seceded Stall sot only $90,000, while the ex pi!M exceeded the auni of SBOO,OOO. This amount ia now saved by Gorern ment. The mam million loan iwiwd bids from par to six per eeut None accep ted under one-half percent. The total Li<U Were about $1,700,000. The rebel cavalry continued to be Liter froa the Atlantic Side. Sacbamesto, July 27. captured in small parties between Alex andria and Fairfax. A squadron off Charleston report that it is now impossible to run the blockade. Fortress Monroe, July 13.—Forty five men of Blinker's regiment went out without leave and were fired upon by rebels and one was killed and sev eral wounded who were takcu prison ers. 800 troop* left St. Charles, Mo., by the north Mo. Railroad. They fount) the track torn nn and 1,600 rebel* tired upon the train, killing two soldier* and three passenger*. The Federal troops charged and routed them, killing seven and wounding twenty, capturing twen ty-seven horses—one rebel particularly hostile with a gun was hung—another tried to escape, was fired on and com pletely riddled. Federal loss was three killed and eight wounded. It was reported that Gov. Letcher of Virginia has issued a proclamation re quiring the counties ot Fairfax, Prince William, Loudon, Orange, Stafford, Culpepper and Rappahannock to furn ish 1000 men within two days, or men will be drafted. It is rumored that J. Holt of Ken tucky will be appointed Judge of the Supreme Court in place of J. McLean deceased. Gen. McClellan has been telegraphed to release his prisoners on simple parole of honor, auu taking the oath of alle giance and a pledge not to take up arms against the government, under penalty of death, except in case of com missioned officers, when he will exer cise his own judgment, but in no case release au officer or private formerly in the U. S. Arniv. A spy from Richmond was arrested at the Relay House, also a German wo man. A number of letters from prom inent rebels were found upon her. Nathan Applcton died in Boston on the 14th. Carlysle, Senator, has resigned. Cause unknown. Washington, July 15.—Forney was elected Secretary ot tho Senate. Minister llarvey writes from Paris Juno last, that tho rebels look for deci sive movements iu their favor within sixty duys. New York, July 15.—Tho Saxonin bus arrived with three days later news from Europe. The great fire in Lon don was still burning. A letter from Martinsbnrg, Va., says that Gen. Patterson is marchiug on Winchester by three routes.' GEN. LANE TO JEFF. DAVIS. —The Cincinnati Gazette publishes the follow ing as authentic, but we have some doubts on the subject, as tho spelling of the General is not quite so good as the annexed specimen would seem to indi cate : orW>gon, may the Ith 1861. my deer frend duvis. i beleuve i haven't saw yon since the sennit njnrncd signe dye, but your caws have been the subject of mutch uttenshun in my Part, you hnve my simpethe in the struggil for free dum that you and the sowth is in. _ I always loved the sunny sowth and its pecooliar instiooshun. 1 write these few lines to tell you that I will iu your army, i would like to be a briga deer, but it you have no sitooatune of that sort I will be a privit for tbe pres ent. we can conquer the north easy e nuf, and I hoap your peeple will not loose their kurrage, but go into tbe bat tel fee Id willingly. - vicktery is oo our tide, sure, there never a more unholy war wngered against a free jteerde. As bonis sea in lattin—its a "Bel a horr. Ida Bel a" up here in orregun we are for yu. iunMt a rqj'MMnt iu a few date that is in gnodfiteing trim, i have biu espectin a letter from yaiieey ft* SUM time, kesedhe wadlet ate aw bow tilings was gnin on in umpe. IMB •bare the eunftdderasy will be ackuoll idged in btittou, becaus the queue and eersubje* most bar kotton. let me beer from yon agen, and beleare me to remane yours iu diffvnee of sutbsmrites to hon. jeffrsan da vis, ww|OMM]r| alabamuiy. "Now. Geoige,you mnrfdividi the cake honorably with your brother John." "Whatiah«»oon«y mother*" "It meana that you me«tjwt yoor brother the largest piece." moth er, rd rather John ahouWdivide it." tsr It is reported that Gen. Scott re marked, the other day: "This is my last oatnpaign, and it shall be my beet." 10* He who saya there is no auch thing aa au honest man, yoe may be sure is himself a rogue. Xilitaiy Terns. Accoutrements, denote the belt, car tridjfe-box, scabbard, etc., of the soldier. To Deploy, to display, to spread oat; a column is said to deploy when tbe divisions open out, or extend to form lines upon some one of the divisions. To Dress, is to keep the bodv iu such a relative position relative position aato contribute towards and form a part of an exact continuity of line, upon what ever front and iu whatever shape the buttaliion r«ay bo formed. Field Officers. —Colonels, Lieutenant- Colonels and Majors, are called field officers. File , is a line of soldiers drawn up bellind one another. As a general term, a file means two soldiers, the front and rear rank man. Eveiy sol dier of infantry covers a space of twen« ty-onc inches. General Officers. —All officers above the rank of Colonel. Haversack. —A bag made of linen or rubber, for troops to carry provision# in while on the march. Line or Line of Battle, is the arrange ment or disposition of an army for bat tle; its front being extended in a straight line as far as ground will per mit, *"in order that the several corps of cavalry and infantry which compose it may not be cut off or flanked by the enemy. European armies and ours are usually drawn nn in three lines; the first being named the van, the second the main both/, and the third is called the rear guard. Parole. —A word given ontevervday in orders by the commanding o&cer, both in camp and garrison, iu order to know friends from enemies. Patrols. —A small party of men tinder a non-commissioned officer to command them, detached from the main or qnar« tcr guard, to walk around the 6treets or road*, for the purpose of takit.g up dis orderly persons, or such as cannot give on account of themselves, and to insure the regularity of order of the camp or garrison. On the line of inaroh, pa* trols arc detached from the advance guard to gain intelligence and to ascer' tain the presence or position of the en emy. Reserve. —A select body of troops re tained in the rear, generally to support an attacking force. Reveille. —Tlie heat of the drum at daybreak, after which the sentinels cease to challenge. Round, is n general discharge of can' non and musketry. Cartridges are gen* erally reckoned by rounds, as forty rounds of ammunition. Runniny Fire, is that in which troops fire rapidly Su succession. A FOOL, a barber, and a bald-headed man, travelled together. Losing their way, they were forced to sleep in the open air, and to avert danger it waa a grecd to keep watch by turns, The lot fell to the barber, who, for amuse ment, shaved the fool's head while he slept; he then woke him, the fool rais ing his hand to his head, exclaimed, "Here'sa nrettv mistake! liascal, you have waken the'bald headed mau instead of nie!" JK2** A little boy, while writhing under the tortures of an ague, was tola to rwe up and take a powder his moth er bad prepared for him. "Powder! powder!' said he, raising himself on one elbow, and putting on a smile, "me* ther, I ai'utuguu." ttr Though a women he flashed with ell the embellishments of ert end nature, yet if boldness be rand in her face, it blots out all the lines end leave* a cloud shadowing the inset work of the Creator. IST There U a chap down east, who Mta ItA Add IMIBA jyaMl ■■■SOMV cm iw uown IN WW end then turn haitaSjiimf JimSEr Ha ie a puHticiaa ky trade. ■fb (he ftee iMai then Me 5.77M00 white walos between the Sffcs holding Btatea. Idlj. dMl«hll»ilialsi\ keep aw«y frnas the veaamk It i» Im possible to did ie hoMf udaHtMll of it BCUA pleasant Jeat in time mis fortune Is eonragatotheheeit»«MMth to the arm, and digaation to tfcd ip aeh. ISt Forty-four anna ef twenty-two tatters are in one company of roluteer rebels In m»s Co., Alabama NO. 39.