Newspaper of The Washington Standard, August 17, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated August 17, 1861 Page 1
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HasMngfi# w§ standard VOL. I. THE VillllfTH ST AN DA KII —is uat'is utar siTiaDiT bt — JOHN M. MURPHY, KDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. —— FCULMRRLPTLOM LUIE*: Per Annum - $ ;l 00 •• Six Months - 2 0') Invariably in Advance. A«L«ERTLRLA* RALES: One Square. one insertion, - 00 Each additional insertion 1 00 Business Card*. per quarter, 5 00 A liberal deduction will be made in favor of those who advertise four square*, or upwards, liy the year. jjgr Notices of births, marriages and deaths iu aertt'd free. Blanks, Bill Heads, Curds, Ilills of Fare, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, kc., executed at reasonable rates. Buy* All communications, whether on business or tor publication should be addressed to the edi itor of the Washixuton Standard. Omen—ln Harness Building, corner of Main and First Streets, near the steamboat lauding. Vigorous Measures of President Jackson. As soon as the action of the Nullifi es of South Carolina became known to the inflexible hero and patriot who then satin the executive chair of the nation, he took the most vigorous measures to crush them. He issued a proclamation declaring tne ordinance of the State Con vention "treasonable, and subversive of the Federal Constitution ; he announ ced his determination to enforce the col lection of the national revenues at all hazards ; and he cautioned.the people of the state of South Carolinia against the ruinous policy they were tempted to adopt. This proclamation was an swered by another from Mr. Ilayno, at that time Governor of the State, in which the policy of Nullification was justified. At the same time he sum moned twelve thousand volunteeis to take arms in opposition to the Federal troops. During the progress of these events, Mr. Calhoun had roniained _in South Carolina, and had been the prime mover in the rebellion. In December, 1832, he was chosen to succeed Mr. Havuein the United States Senate, and to defend the conduct of his native State in the national legislature. At that moment, General Jackson was undecided wheth er it was not his duty to arrest Mr. Calhoun before he reached Washington «>n a charge of treason ; and the general impression was that such au event would take place. Beyond the limits of South Carolina, Mr. Calhoun was generally regarded with distrust, sometimes with abhor rence, as being in heart a traitor to the Government; and on his way to Wash ington he was repeatedly assailed with the clamors of the indignant people. But lie was at that time Vice President of tlie United States, and remained such until he took his seat in the Sen ate, That fact and other prudent con siderations, induced Jackson to refrain from the extreme measures which lie had once contemplated. But it is worthy of remark, that the old hero of New Orleans afterward regretted his leuity on this occasion, and continued to do so until the day of his death. Shortly after he took his scat in the Senate Mr. Calhouu introduce a reso lution requesting the President of the United States to lay before that body the documents connected with tbeNul lification ordinances, certified copies of which had been transmitted to him by Governor Ilayne. Immediately and before this request could be complied with, General Jackson addressed a mes sage to the Senate, bearing date Janu ary 16th, 1888, in which he condemned the conduct of Sonth Carolina in refer ence to the question of Nullification. This message, and all the documents having reference to the matter, were referred to the Committee on the Judi ciary for consideration. Daniel Web ster was a prominent member of this committee, and exerted himself to pro cure the adoption of such a report as should effectually crash the scorpion head of Nullification. Under his gui dance the committee reported the fa moos Force Bill, which invested the President with additional powers in ref erence to the matter, and extended and increased the jurisdiction ol the Courts of the United States in cases arising under the revenue laws. The acknowl edged purpose of this bill was to enable uud encourage the President to put down Nullification by force of arms. 19* Prentice says: The North and the South are not interchanging any particular civilities now, hut we apprehend that they will Rive each other a pood mnny compli mentary Imlls during the nca^on. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, AUGUST 17,1861. Report of the Secretary of the Treasury. From the annual report of the Secre tary of the Treasury, Salmon P. Chase, we" compile the following synopsis. The roj»ort is published in full by the l it ion: PROBABLE EXPENDITURES. The most of the report is devoted to the increase in the expenditures of the government during the coming year, aud in suggestions, in regard to how it may be met. Already, the Secretary says, the appropriations am juntto $79,- 710,870. The additional estimates herewith submitted for the service of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1861, including the deficiency caused by the applica tion of $6,298,859 06 to the service of the preceding year, will require addi tional appropriations. The Civil List, Foreign Intercourse and miscellaneous objects, $831,496 90; tor Interior Department, $431,525 75; for the War Department, $185,296,- 397 10; for the Navy Department., $30,- 609,520 29; in the aggregate, $217,- 169,850 15. In audition to these de mands upon the Treasury, it will be necessary to provide for the redemption of the Treasury notes due and maturing, to the amount of $12,639,861 64, and tor the payment of the interest on the public debt to bo created during the year, which, computed for the average ofsiz months, mav be estimated at $9,- 000,000. After further figuring, the Secretary says the whole amount'required for the fiscal year of 1862 ma)', therefore, be stated at $318,519,581 87. It will be seen that in the foregoing estimates, no provision tor the interest on the existing public debt specifically appears. The omission is only appar ent, the estimate for that interest being included in the sum of nearly $66,000,- 000 alreadv appropriated for the year 1862. HOW THE MONEY IS TO BE RAISED. The deficiency in tho revenue must be met by loans, says the Secretary. This deficiency, he thinks, will be 8240,000,000 for 1862. As already sta ted, the appropriations for the ordinary expenditures of tho fiscal year of 1802, including the permanent and indefinite descriptions, amount to $65,887,849 84, and the interest to be paid on the debt to be incurred during the year has been estimated at $9,000,000, making an aggregate of ordinary expenditure of 874,887,849 34. If to these sums be added $">,000,000 as a provision for the reduction and final extinguishment of the public debt, tho total will be $79,- 887,849 34. To provide for these pay ments it is proposed to raise by taxatiou at least the sum of $80,000,000. In considering the choice of revenue, adequate to the purposes just indicated, the attention of tho Secretary has been necessarily drawn to the different modes of taxation authorized by the Constitu tion. The choice is limited to duties on imports, direct taxes and internal du ties or excise duties on imports, consti tuting the chief form of indirect taxa tion. Direct taxes include capitation taxes, taxes on real estate, and probably general taxes on personal property in cluded in lists embracing all descrip tions, and valued by a uniform rule, while under the head of internal duties and excises, may be included all taxes on consumption and taxes on special descriptions of personal property, with reference to use ruther than value. The Secretanr favors the indireet or tariff method of increasing the revenue, as one less liable to be sensibly felt by the people than that of property tax ation. He therefore proposes that a dutv of two and a-half cents per pound be laid on brown sugar, of three cents per pound on clayed sugar, of four cents per pound on loaf ana other refined sugars, of two and a-halt cents per pound on the syrup of sugar cane, of six cents per pound on candy, of six cents per gallon on molasses, and of four cents per gallon on sour molasses; and it is also proposed that a duty of five cents per |»ound be imposed on coffee, fifteen cents per pound on black tea, and twenty cents per pouud on green tea. From these duties it is cut imated that an additional revenue of not leas than 920,000,000 annually may be raised, while the burden of this revenue upon our own people will be to some con siderable degree mitigated. $7,000,000 may be added to the revenue by eHght 1y increasing the tariff on other articles. He estimates, therefore, the total reve nue from imports during the present year at $57,000,000, to whieh nay be added the aum of $8,000,000, to be da rived from the sales of public lands and miscellaneous sources, making the total revenue for the year fflO.WW.Oflfl, This amount being $20,000,000 abort of the sura proposed to be raited aside from loans, it is suggested that the defi ciency in the revenue be supplied either by internal duties, direct pro|K»rty taxation, or both. The value of the real and jiersonal property of the ale of the I uit«d States, according e census of 1800, is $10,102,924,- 110; or, oinittiug fractious, sixteen thousand million* of dollars. Of this amouut, over $10,000,000,000 are in the loval States. A direct tax of one-fifth of one percent, on this property would yield over $21,000,000. He also sug gests that the deficit might be raised by levying a tax on all beer, tobacco, silverware, spring carriages, liquors, etc. Both these modes of taxation might be resorted to, whereby less would be re quired to be raised by loans. lie leaves tlie matter with Cougress. lie suggests that the property of those engaged in insurrection, or in giv ing aid anu comfort to the insurgents, may properly be made to contribute to the expenditures made necessary by tlieir criminal misconduct. As a part of the punishment due to the guilt of involving the nation in the calamities ot civil war, and thereby bringing dis tress upon so many innocent citizens, Congress may justly provide for the for feiture of the whole or part of the es tates of the offenders, and for the pay ment of its proceeds into the public treasury. He ventures to suggest that a con siderable saving may be judiciously ef fected by a reduction, for the time at least, of forty per centum upon salaries and wages paid by the National Govern ment, in cases where sfteh reduction will not interfere with the existing con tracts ; and thnt a further saving, per haps not less considerable, may be ef fected by the abolition ot the franking privilege. THE MANNER OF THE PROPOSED LOANS. The Secretary proposes to make the loans of the Government as follows: lie submits the expediency ot opening subscriptions for u national loan of not less than $100,000,000, to be issued in tho form of Treasury notes or ex chequer bills, bearing a yearly interest of 7 8-10 per centum to be paid half yearly, aud redeemable at the pleasure of the United States after three years from date. To increase still further this faculty of calculation, it is proposed also to issue the Treasury notes of this loan in sums of SSO, SIOO, SSOO, SI,OOO, and $5,000, with the amount of interest for especial periods engraved on the hack of ench note. In addition to the sums to be raised by national loan, tho Secretary pro poses in case it shall be found inexpe dient to provide the whole amount needed in that mode, that bonds or cer tificate of debt ot the United States be issued to lenders in the country, or in any foreign country, rates not lower than par for sums of SSOO, SI,OOO and $5,000, or of £IOO, £SOO aud £I,OOO sterling, not exceeding in the aggregate $100,000,000, or if issued in the cur rency of Great Britain not oxcecding, £20,000,000 sterling. For whatever sums may be needed to supply the fbll amount required for the service of the fiscal year, aud as an aux iliary measure already proposed, the Sccrctaiy recommends that provisions be made for the issue of Treasury notes for $lO or S2O each, payable one year from date, to an amount not exceeding in the aggregate $50,000,000. Clippings from Prsntioe. A gentleman of this city write* to us expressing his mortification that a por tion of his blood runs in the veins of disuuionista. Well, let him encourage them to go to the war, and perhapa it will be let out of them. We are sornr to see that oar old friend of the Frankfort Yeoman notices a certain article ia the Cincinnati Cons mereial which he says ia snchan article "as no gentleman could notice." The editor of the Nashville Patriot says he ia ready to fill an bonorad grave, we goeaa he vonM much rather All it bp shoveling gravel into it than by hav ing his carcass stretched at the bottom ofit. The Cotton Btatea are no doubt brave, but it is a pity they are not braver. Why did they, immediately after Lin coln s election, fly precipitately from the fiur and open nattle-fleld of the Union—leaving 4m ground In the poe session of their enemies. A call appears in the Vicksbnig (lTns.)Ban for the arming of all the little boya from ten years old op wards! Now we tall yon, luanmipians, that, if

yon arm all your little boys of ten to invade Kentucky, we will arm all our little girt? of ten to meet them. loport «f the Secretary of War. The following are the principal points in the report of Simon Cameron, Sec retary of war, received by the Pony: The Government arseuels at Baton Houge, Mount Vernon. Apalachicola, Augusta, Charleston, Fayctteville, the ordnance depot at San Antonio, and all the other Government works in Texas, I which served as the depots of immeuse | stores of arms and ammunition, have (he says) been surrendered by the com manders or seized by disloyal hands. Forts Macon, Caswell, Johnson, Clinch, Pulaski, Jackson, Marion, Barrancas, MeKce, Morgan, Gaines, Pike, Ma- St. Phillip, Livingston, Smith, and three at Charleston; Oglethorpe Barracks, Barrancas Barracks, Fort Jackson, on the Mississippi, the battery at Beiuvenuo, Duprc, anu the works at Ship Island, have been successively stolen from the Government or bceu betrayed by their commanding officers. The Custom Houses at New Orleans, Mobile, Savannah, Charleston, and oth er important poiuts, containing vast amounts of Government funds, have been treacherously appropriated to sus tain the cause of rebellion. In like manner, the branch mints at New Or leans, at Charlotte, and at l)ah!onega, have been illegelly seized, in defiance ot every principle of commou honesty and honor. The violent seizure of the United States Marino Hospital at New Orleans was only wanting to complete the catalogue of crime. Under the President's proclamation of the 15th of April, calling for ninety four regiments of troops (73,891), the Governors of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas and Missouri refused to respond. Despite tho refusal of their Governors, Virgin ia, Delaware and Missouri huve raised many regiments for the aid of the Fed eral Government. Under the proclamation of May 4tli, calling for 208 additional regiments, the whole number has been accepted, of which 158 regiments arc now in ac tive service: and the remaining 55 are mostly ready, and nil of them will be in the field within the next twenty days. Tho total force now in the field may be computed as follows: Uegulurs and Volunteers for three months nnd forthe war 235,000 Add to this, 55 regiments of Volunteers for the war, uccepted aud not yet in service 50.000 Add now regiments regular armv 25,000 Total force now at commnud of Govern ment 310,000 Deduct the three months' Volunteers 80,000 Force for service after the withdrawal of the three months' men 230.000 It will bo thus perceived that after tho discharge of tho three-months' troops, there will still bo an available force of volunteers amounting to 188,- 000, which, added to the regular army, will constitute a total force of 230,000 officers and men. The organization of tlio increased force is different from that in the old army. This question was fully consid ered by officers of the army connected with this department and after much deliberation it was concluded to adopt the French regimental system of three battaliious to a regiment. Each battal lion is commanded by a tnqjor, with a Colonel and lieutenant-colonel for the general command of the regiment, litis, it is believed, is the beat organira tion now existing. The number of field officers is less than under the old plan, and, therefore much less expen sive. 9XLKCTIXO omCIM. In making the selections of often* for the new regiments, two oourses only ■earned to he open, via: to make the appointments from the regular service by seniority or by selection. The first appeared liable to the grave objection that old, and in some instances ineffi cient men would be promoted to plaeee which ought to be filled with younger and mars experienced officers. After the fullest consideration, it was determined, under the advice of the Generalship to appoint one-hJf of them from the regular amy and the other half from civil life. Ot the civil, ians annotated a> regimental command ere, all, except one, are either graduates of Weet Point or have before served with distinction in the field: a«fl of the lieutonant-colouela, majors, eaptouu, and first Heuteuants, a huge proportion have been taken from the regular army and the volaateere now IU service, while the seeond lieutenants have been i mninlv created by the promotion of ( PROPERTY STOLEN. TROOPS IN THE FIKLD. ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY. meritorious sergeants from the regvlar service. BOUNTY MONEY. He recommends that all who enlist for three years and receive nn honora ble discharge, shall each be entitled to bounty of SIOO. THE VOLUNTEER SYSTEM. lie thinks favorably of this system as a substitute for the eumlierons and dangerous standing army. TKE EXTENT OF THE ARXT. Iu reference to the number of the troops, he thiuks it an act uot only of duty, but also of humanity, to send plenty of them into the field to bear down all opposition. GENERAL SCOTT. In concluding his report, he takes occasion to express his deep indebted ness, to the veteran General-in-Chiof of the army, for the constant and self-sac rificing devotion to the public service exhibited by him iu this grave crisis. Report of the Secretary of the lfavy. Mr. Welles, Secrotary of the Navy, says: Extraordinary events which have trauspircd have called for extraordinary action on the part of the Government demanding a large augmentation of the naval force, and the recall of almost the whole of our fareign squadron for service on our own coactc. The total number of vessels in tlic navy, of all classes, on the 4tli of March, was ninety, carrying, or designed to carry, about 2,415 guns. Excluding vessels on the stocks, those unfinished, those used as station ary storcships aud receiving ships, and those considered inexpedient to repair, the available force was: 1 ship-rif-the-linc ftf guns. 8 frigates. ..400 ■' 20 sloops 400 " 3 brigs - 10 " 3 storeshipß... 7 " 0 steam frigates ..212 " & first-class iteam sloops HO " 4 lirst-class side-wheel 46 •' 8 serAud-cluss steam sloops 45 " 3 third-class screw steamers 28 " 4 second-class side-wheel steamers S " 2 (team tenders 2 " ti'J 1,34ti Of this force the following were in commission, tho remainder being or dinary, dismantled, etc: 2 frigates 100 guns. 11 sloops 231 '* 3 storcships - 7 " 1 screw frigate 12 " 5 Hrst-class steam sloops 90 " 3 side-wheel steamers 35 " 8 second-class screw steumers - 45 " f> third-class screw steamers 28 " 3 side-wheel steamers 6 " 1 steam tcndcr.l 1 " 42 555 These vessels had a compliment, ex clusive of officers and marines, of about 7,000 men, and nearly all of them were ou foreign stations. Tho home squad ron consisted of 12 vessels, 187 guns and about 2,000 men. Of this squadron, only four vessels, carry ing twenty-five guns aud about 280 men. were in Northern porta. With so few vessels m commission on onr coast, and our crews in distant seas, the department was very indiffer ently prepared to meet the exigency that was ruing. Every movement was closely watched by the disaffected, and threatened to precipitate measures that the country seemed anxious to avoid. Demoralisation existod amongthe offi cer*, many of whom, occupying the moat responsible positions, betrayed symtoms of that infidelity which has dishonored the servioe. But while so many officers were unfaithful, the crew —to their honor be it recorded—were true and reliable, and have maintained, through every trial and under all cir cumstances, tneirdevotion to theUaion and the flag. Unfortunately, however, few comparatively of theee gallant man were within the call of the defartmeut at that eventftil period. They, at well as the ships, were abrotd. STEAM QCXBOATS AVD BLOOM. The nsnessitj of augmentation of our navy in order to meet the crisis, and In suppressing insurrection, and assist in causing the bum to ho aaaantod at all the ports, was immediately frit, and a class of vessels different in aomo re apeets from any that were in the ser vice, to act as sentinels on the eoaat, was required. On the apar of the mo ment transport steamers were secured; hut, though made capable of sustaining a small armament, tney were not aoen vesaela as would perform ooutiuuous duty off tho harbors in all weathers. They will, it is believed, answer a torn porarv purpose fbrthe summer months, but a'stronger and ffiArant deteriptioo of vessel is ncoswarv for tho autumn and winter. The department, bc^Wes purchasing, has, fherefote, cow tit ted for tkti building of (vntt-ttree |ia< boato, each of abo at Ira mdM taaa harden; and has mademaUmiDanrar rangements for several larger aud fleet er vessels, wliicb shall not only aid m preventing illegal commerce, bat to made particularly serviceable in sup* (•renting depredations on that which a egal. Both of tbese classes are of sizes inferior to tlio sloops-of-war or dered by the last Congress. Of the 69 vessels, carrying 1,846 Sins, hcrcinbeforcmcationed as avaita e for service on tlie 4th of Murch last, the sloop J/tvant Iras been given ap as lost in the Pacific; the steamer Fulton was seized at Penencola, and one frig ate, two sloopa, and one brig were burnt at Norfolk. These vessels carry 174 guns. The other vessels destroyed at Norfolk were considered worthless, and are not included in the list of available vessels. These losses left at the disposal of the department 62 vessels, carrying 1,- 174 guns, all of which are new, or soon will be be, in commission, with the ex ception of the Vermont, ship-of-the-line 84 Itrandywine 60 Decatur, sloop, «t Stiu Francisco ..16 John Hancock, steam tender, at San Francisco.. » There has been recently added to the navy, by purchase, 12 steamers, carry ingtrom 2 to 9 guns each. By these additions the naval force in commission has been increased to 82 vessels, carry ing upwards of 1,100 guns, and with a compliment of about 18,000 men, ex clusive of officers and marines. There are also several steamboats and other small crafts which are temporarily in the service of the department. The squadron on the Atlautic coast, under the command of Flag-Officer 8.- H. Stringham, consists of 22 vessels, 296 guns' and 3,300 men. The squadron in the Gulf under the command of Flag-Officer William Mer vine, consists of 21 vessels, 282 guns and 3,500 men. Additions have been made to each of the squadrons of two or three small vessels that have been captured aud taken into service. The squadron in the Pacific, under tlie command of Flag-Officer John K.- Montgomery, consists of 6 vessels, 82 guns and 1,100 men. The West India squadron is uuder the command of Flag-OffiCer G. J. Pen dergrost, who has been temporarily on: duty with his flnif-nhip, the Camberlanrfy at Norfolk and I lamp ton ltoads, since the 23d of March. He will, at an early day, transfer his ttag to the steam frta ate Roanoke and proceed having in charge our interests on the' Mexican and Central American coast* and in the West India Islands. The East India, Mediterranean, Bra zil and African squadrons, with the «x> ception of one vessel of each of the two* latter have been recalled. The return of these vessels will adW to the force for service in the Gnlf Midi on the Atlantic coast about 900 gUtte acd 8,600 men. , , A Wild Cat mcnt of lumbormen in caracal Ifcrw> burg, Peuu., must be "'some persim mons," according to tbe account oftbett l in the Philadelphia North Anuria**. Their skill with the rifle hr a touch ebWe extra. The entire live* of themen M* spent in the piueriee of Poller sad llfc counties, except when they anemMd' in rafting, ana theironly pastime tswiffc the rifle, which brings tlw sraatyekf a* well as the largest game tff tMr mt< The nee of small shot they timiM— att worthytbeakillof a heater. down a squirrel from the top of ft pfaKatr lofty that thecame is scarcely tiilMato ordinary eyesight The med Hi their drily work of catting timber Hfcelie ■sore or leas axe weonde, as 4 fcr (Ml inspection Theygnimhledhgwerty at their rejection, and are detaimked 10 fight, and for this porpoee are •dmisaion to other regiment!. Ommr w mmimm Wife WOv IMV oflbnd to bet the idmmMor AM ha would walk fifty mil— allkoal plainiugof weariness, aod aet to aqt or driuk anything until the work was ac complished. Mors ttoHt thiajnettmsd to double the i»al tKli MM pierce the eye of Mt Boris, Or Mr other traitor, with Ui «tfK«r»diriMeo of 250 /an*. The inspsctisg (Mem the bet, and ordered Mm totttti*!a fo iM nm vifv MM PWIaWfU*. brksMUa imeut if nomposed of such fWlows, |» evidently a •* nig thing," NO. 40.

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