Jhttl nil Hashing!#® fli Msslsrife VOL. 11. TIE VASHIHTIH tfllllll —U IMrCD t< IST lin iBIT WM!S« »¥ JMS niLLER H BraV, Editor ami Proprietor. • • • RabarriptlM Bates: Per Annum - s■"» 00 •• Six Moaths - » o*> /.V r A MI A HI. r /.V ADVASCK. A4irrtl«lßf JMM: Onr Square, one in«rrti»n. _ J-1 ©<• h additional inM-rtibU - 1 00 llu-inc- Card*, |>cr quarter. 5 00 ft T v A liberal deduction will be wade in favor nflloMewbo advertise four M|uam, or u|nrtril«, by the year. py Noticei of birth*. marriage* ami deaths in ttrictl free. ggg" lllanks, Bill Head*. Card*, RilU of Fare. Circular*. Catalogues. l*ain|>hlets, ke., executed at reasonable rates. far&~ All communication*, whether on bnsines* or for publication should be addressed to the edi itor of the WASHINGTON STAXDABD. OFKICK —In Barnes's IluiUling. corner of Main md First Streets, near the steamboat landing. Rothschild. "When George 111. came to the throne there was a little boy at Frank fort who did not dream of ever having anything to do, personally, with the sovereigns of Europe. He was in the first stages of training for the Jewish priesthood. His name was Meyer An selm Rothschild. For some reason or other ho was placed in a counting-house at Hanover, and he soon discovered what he was fit for. Ho began hum bly as an exchange broker, and went on to be the banker of the Landgrave of Ilesse, whose private fortune he saved by his shrewdness, when Napole on overran Germany. How ho left a large fortune and a commercial char acter of the highest order, and how his five sons settled in five of the great cit ies of Europe, and have had moro au thority over war and peace, and the des tinies ot nations than the sovereigns themselves, the world pretty well knows. Despotic monnrchs must be depend ent on money-lenders, unless they are free from debt, andean command un limited revenues for untold purposes— which is never true of despotic sover eigns. Constitutional rulers are free from the responsibility and dilli culty, and British sovereigns are sup plied by parliamentary vote, and need not stoop to borrow. Yet there is room for a Rothschild in London; where loans are negotiated for all countries, and which is a kind of a central office for the liuancial news of all the world. In London, then, one of the sons—Na than—settled. Anselm remained flt Frankfort, Solomon went to Vienna, Charles to Naples, and James to Paris. Nathan was the leader, to whom the others looked up with reverence and confidence. He had assisted his father by his admirable ways of investing the moneys lodged in his father's hands; and he enriched his brothers by his wise guidance, and his generous exten sion to them of his knowledge and op portunities. He paid and provisioned the soldiers in the peninsular war, and reaped the large profits which were his due for such a service; and from that time his fortune became colossal. He will be remembered in the history of the financial empire by his having in troduced foreign loans into this couutry as a financial feature, as Greslinm opened to our sovereigns the resources of domestic loans. Before the days of the Rothschilds, an Englishman here and there ltad invested his money abroad; bat the difficulty of recieving the dividends, and the uncertainties caused by fluctuations in the exchange ltad coufined the Speculation to a very small number. Nathan Rothschild made the arrange ment* perfectly easy aud regular, to the coureuieuce Jf borrowers and lenders alike. Hovereigus and Emperors com peted for his countenance, as his opin ion decided their credit; and Spain lias not vet got over the effects of his quiet, steady refusal to enter into any money contracts with her or her dependencies, lie was ennobled in Austria, but he preferred his personal consideration to any adventitious rank, and never used his title of Baron. The Member of London is bis eldest son. Everywhere in Europe the Rothschilds are regard ed as exemplars of the commercial character iu its loftiest phase, in an ad vanced state of civilisation. Their honor is proverbial, like the word of a king, or the gage of aaoldier; their intellectual range is wide; their faculties are keen and sound; and their charities are equal to their wealth. Sueh are the result* of a German boy having left the priestly calling to be engaged in trade. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, DECEMBER 21,1861. TIIE OLD MOUNTAIN Tit EE. ( lb, i 1M- IX-OM- we L)» by the imundiiif: tl« «*j>. WL. r. tb- kill" in gtntT etond; A in! thr- moM> jrn»wn graves where oar fatbvr* deep. 'Xt-atli IIH- bough* of tin- waving wood: We yrt. with fnod regret. The nick and ike Mow'lT lea, WW we once uaed to play tkro' ike long, long day. In the ehade of tke old mountain tree. Wean- pilgrim* now in a *trnnger land. Anil the joy* of youth an- iwi**«*<l ; And friend* an* pmc, but the old trees stand, Unharmed by the warring bluer; < >h, the lark may *ing in the eloud* of spring. And the ewnn on the *i!ver *e«. Hut we nionrn for the *hade when* the wild bird made ller nest in the old mountain tree. Oh, the time went by like a tale (hat's told, 111 the laud of song and mirth, And many a form in the churchyard cold, Finds rest from the cares of earth; And many a day we will wander »wny, O'er the waves of the Western sea, And the heart will pine and vainly pray For a grave by the old mountain tree. Later from the Atlantic Side. The National Congress has assem bled, and the President's Message re ceived. The Message is a very fair and straightforward document, presenting the facts connected with our national aftiiirs just as they are, and expresses a determination from which there is no possibility of swerving, to prosecutotho military operations until the armies of the rebellion are couquored and the peoplo become subject to the laws of the Government. The President congratulates the coun try that the Government has been so heartily sustained by the people. He expresses confidence that the war can be easily sustained, aud gives the fig ures to show that the national finances are in a sound condition. His remarks touching our foreign relations and mut ters of domestic policy, arc clear and t > the point. lie seems to have entire confidence in the ability of Gen. McClellau to command the forces— and pays a just tribute to the life-long services of General Scott, Nvho has been forced to resign in consequence of fee bleness of old age. NEW YORK, NOV. 29th.—Letters from Port lioyal Ycport that the expe dition to St. llolena Inlet, without striking a blow, took the enoniv's works. The guns have been carried inland. 14,000 rebels are reported at Haudeville, ten miles from Hilton, un der General Drayton. The St. Louis Democrat has news that tho rebels [15,000 strong] were moving under Price, Rains and Mc- Bride. McCulloch had had a quarrel with Trice, and gone off to Arkansas. Tho New York Post has information that a Canadian steamer, with a large cargo of arms and clothing for tho reb els, bad been captured ou the coast of Maine. Upon the renewed application of G. D. Prentice, Secretary Seward, on Sat urday, ordered the release of-Calhoun Benham and Ex-Senator Gwiu from Fort Lafayette. The Secretary of the Navy, in his ro- Sort, after mentioning the capture of lason and Slidell, says that the nrompt aud decisive action of Captain Wilkes merits and received the emphatic ap proval of tho Navy Department, aud if a too genorous forbearance was exhib ited by him in not capturing the veMcl which had the rebel commissioners on board, it may, in view of the special circumstances of his patriotic motive* be excused; bat it must by no means, be permitted to oonatitate a precedent hereafter for the treatment of any aim ilar cases. Qutxcr, 111., Dec. 2.—General Price has issued a proclamation at Neosho, calling far 50,000 men from Missouri to sustain the Southern cause. It is reported that Lexington has again fallen into the hands of the rebels. McCulloch's forces are said to be on the way to Arkansas. The troops un der the rebel Genera! Rains, occupy Springfield. It is aud to bo Price's m tentiou, that if he can raise no more troops, to divide his armv up into guer rilla bands and harrass the Union men. The great gun boat expedition under Gen. Hdleck is expeetea to start down the Mississippi in about two weeks. 500 Federal prisoners were sent from Richmond to Tuscaloosa, Ala., last week. Wauiverox, Bee. 2.—lnformation has been received bare that one clause in the treaty with the Mexioan govern- mcnt provide* for a loan of SI<UNK>.»HMI by our Government. to he furnished in five anuuai *um* of each. in return for the mercantile advantage* and transit of the United Iftatw troop* through Mexican territory. Gen. McCiellan is understood to have made the most urgent representation to the President in favor of a regular and systematic exchange of prisoners. He will prohahly succeed in having his views approved and acted 011. McCall is moving towards and Gen. Smith and Gen. Porter are extending theit lines forward, while McDowell and Franklin are watching the enemy's centre, which is growing weaker ami weaker every day. Tho X. Y. Times' dispatch, of De cember 2d says: lam enabled to state in the most positive manner, that the struggle is over, and that the President's conservative policy is sustained by his Cabinet with entire unauimitv. Tho World's correspondent says: Secretaries Cameron and Seward were serenaded to-night, but only the latter appeared. Ho simply complimented tne music, and stated that within ten days, the couutry would rejoice at great news. A most important order will soon bo issued to the effect that 110 more re cruiting of regiments or independent compauies will be allowed, except upon tho requisition of the War Department. Recruiting officers aro to be appointed for tho several States, to recruit for the regular service. The planters throughout the South ern seaboard are represented to be de stroying their crops lest they should fall in the hands of the Yankees. A conspiracy of Union men had beeu discovered in New Orleans, causing great, excitement there. Many arrests had been- made. New York, Dec. 3.—Mr. Butterfield, who has been a prisoner at Charleston, lins just nrrivoJ, nnJ reports that tho forts of the rebels 011 Otter aiul Plm>- nix Islands were evacuated and then blowu up, 011 the 12th of November. The greatest excitement prevailed at Charleston owing to the lauding of the Federal forces at Port lloyal, and a meeting had been held to consider the propriety of burning or surrendering the citv to the Union armv. The peo ple ami the Mayor of the city were gen erally in favor of surrendering, but the rebel government said it must be burned to prevent its falling into the hands of tho U. S. army. Quincy, 111., Dec. B.—A dispatch to the N. Y. World says that Col. Kerri gan, of tho 12th Now York Regiment, has been tried for treason by court mar tial, convicted and ordered to bo shot. The order is signed by tho President. Kerrigan is a member of Congress. Advices from Port Royal 6ay that Tybee Island is not yet occupied by our troops. The national colors aro flying from tho light-houso. Beaufort was to bo occupied on tho 28th ult. by 5,000 troops to prevent the rebels from taking possession of it. The expedi tion South is for Fernandiuo, 5,000 troops have gone into it. Quincy, 111., Deo. 4.—The voto for Mayor of New York at the election on the 2d Dec. foots up as follows: Goo. Opdyke, (Hep.) 25,25!); Godfrey Gun tlier, 24,588; and Fernando Wood, 24,085. Opdyke elected. Special dispatches from Washington state that a resolution will bo ottered in the House punisning an officer of the army for returning fugitive slaves to their masters. F. P. Stanton still clsitns the seat 00- cupied by Lane in the U. 8. Senate. WASOIXOTOX. Dec. 4. J. C. Breck inridge was unanimously cxjiclled to day. Nit Yoas, Dec. 4.—Advices from St. Thomas ria Panama, report that the Captain of the privateer Jrff. JMr a was on board the [British mail steam er] Trent wheu Mason and Slidell were taken prisoners from her. The Weal India Steamship Compa ny, in consequence of the Trent affair, have ordered all their agents to furnish no more coal to U. 8. vessel*.
The Dutch Government allows IT.l T . 8. vessels of war to remain in their ports 48 hours. 19* The Troy (Ohio) Timts savs that a man « as fined ten dollara by the court ia that ptaoe for kissing a mar ried lady' and adds that "it might be aa wall to stale, for the sake of the girls, that there is not any law against kwing them." ■sjor-Geaeral HcCleUaa. The following mention of Mayor* '■• ncnu McCiellan we oopv from the l'lacerville lirptiH'rat». It U from note# furnished the alitor. Mr. Bow man, by R- C. Koem, Esq., who ■erred with lien. McCiellan in Mexico: Major-Ci-ncra! Ocorgp B. McCiellan, 1 tn« born ia Pliilatk-lphia. in the year , At the early age of he : West Point, where he was uatcd in IS4'>. lie was universally re frjtr.|i «| there :i« a young man of extra ordinary premise, and. with his class and instructor*, he bore a high charac ter for intelligence ami military talent. l!is first active duty was at Vera Cruz, as a member of the* corjw of Engineers, lie served tlirough the whole siege, and rendered eminent services in his de partment. Col. Totten (the chief of the Engineer corps,) in the official report of tlic operation of his corps during the investment of that city, speaks of McClcllun in the highest terms. At the buttle of Cerro Gordo, McCiellan was attached to Pillow's command in the attack on the enemy's right. That General in his official report spoke of his "great zeal and activity in the dis charge of his duties." Gen. Scott, also, in his official report of that battle, re fers to McCiellan in terms of high praise. At Pedregal and Contreras, McCiel lan served with Twigg's Division, and in company with Lee, made a bold re connoisanee of the enemy. At these battles ho greatly distinguished him self, and Twiggs, in his report, said, that " not only did he render gallant services in his proper department, (En gineers) but when Callcnder was wounded, McCiellan took charge of the howitzer battery with judgement and success, until it became so disabled as to require shelter. For Lieut. McClel lan's efficiency and gallantry in this af fair, I present his name for the valua ble consideration of the Geueral-in chief." On the tieUu of Oontroros and Clier- I übusco, both hi* ability and his brave- J ry won the strong commendation of his commanding officers. Gen. Persifor . Smith, states, " in the battles of Pedro gal, Cotreras and Cherubusco, with Smith (Major Smith of tho Engineers) and McCiellan, nothing seemed too bold to be undertaken, or too difficult to be exe cuted; their services rendered as engin eers were valuable as those they ren dered in battle, o'ttho head of their gal lant sappers, etc." McClcllou also superintended, or aided in the construction of all the bat teries which invested and bombarded Chapultapee. Gen. Pillow names with distinction, and Major Smith (at tho head of the Engineer corps) specifics him particularly as participating with great credit in all tho battles in the val ley of Mexico, rendering important services in the conduct of roeonuoi saucc, serving batteries, and erecting works. It must be remembered that during this period—when rendering services of great importance, in such a manner as to win tho praise and official notice of every General under whom he served —McCiellan was but twenty-one years of aye. Already while a mere youth, ho was generally recognized in tho army as oue of the most skilful, efficient, ac complished and mature of his distin guished corps. In every battle fought, from Vera Crux to Mexico, he served with distinction, and all tho leading military men 011 that line unanimously spoke of him as tho most brilliant aua promising young man in the army. Tho war"being concluded, he was se lected by the Government as one of the Commissioners to bo seut to Europe and tho Crimea. Though the young est man ou that Commission, upon him was devolved the duty of preparing the report to the Government of its pro ceedings and observations. The re port is voluminous, and military crit ics have prououneed it one of the ablest contributions which has been furnished from any source or in country, to the military literature of the preseut centu ry. Those best competent to appreci ate its merits speak of it as being re markable as well for its perfection of detail as for its comprehensiveness as a whole, embracing at once the widest range, and the most unconsidered mi nutue in the science and art of war. Gen. Scott, in his official report of the battle, says: 44 McCiellan worn the admiration oj' all about him." General Worth, in speakiug of the operations of his Division, says: "McCiellan dis played the gallantry, skill, and conduct, which so eminently distinguish his corps." At daylight of the morning on which Mexico was taken, McCiellan moved pew, aad ratal t». 4f, was vugaged in stiwt fighting, hraalring through houses with crowbars aad HW. in onJer to reach the This was the moat dtaierate and daanraw kind of service; while eagaged is it, be reached a strong position of die en emy, and found himself yi at close qrartm by a greatly srasrior force of Mexicans. Notwithstanding the vast odds, he and his little band, unhesitatingly attacked the enemy and drove them from their position, lulling more than tweuty of their number. After his return from Europe he re- Bicned his position in the army, and ac cepted the control and management of the Western'railroads. Tho present war called him to the head of the Ohio Volunteers, and the Government know ing its man, at once conferred upon him the title of Major-General. We caunot bettor conclude this arti cle than by quoting the emphatic lan guage in which Mr. Rogers has summed up to us his own opinion of McClellan, and what may reasonably bo expected from him. It is as fol lows: If in his present position as comraan cr of tho army of tho Potomac, he is left unembarassed by politicians and tape, he will amply retrieve the disas ters we have suffered, and will prove himself one of tho ablest (if not the very ablest) strategists in the United States. He possesses all tho qualities ascribed to Wellington by Napier: " Irou hardihood of body, a quick and sure vision, a grasping mind, untiring power of thought, the habit of labori ous, minute investigation and arrange ment, together with that most rare faculty of coming to prompt and sure conclusions, on sudden emergencies." THE LATE CATIIABINE HAYES.—Cath arine Hayes, tho news of whoso death re cently reached us, was born in Limer ick, Ireland, about the year 1820. She oarly showed a love for music,' and, through tho kindness of friends, was enabled to take lessons of professor Sapio, of Dublin. Sho subsequently weut to Faris and studied under the celebrated Spanish teacher, Garcie, and afterwards proceeded to Milan, where sho became tho pupil of Raucoui. Her debut in the opera was made in Mar seilles in tho "Ilugenots," in the year 1845. Sho was immediately afterwards engaged at tho celebiated theatre of La Soala, in Milan, where tho symplicity and naturalness of her manner and her purity ofvoico received tho warmest admiration of the most discriminating musical audiences. She passed the season of 1840 in Vienna, then made the tour of the principal Italian cities, 1 and made her first appearance in Lon don in 1849.' Sho mado her first ap pearance in New York in 1851, in a concert at what was then Tripler Hall. Sho was married to her agent, Mr. liushuell, aud afterwards visited Aus tralia, California, the Sandwich Islands and India, returning to Loudon in 1855. Her voice was a soprano of groat com pass and strength, very smooth and re markably flexible. She seldom per formed in the opera, preferring to ap pear in a concert. In tho former, how ever, her most succesafol roles were Lucia in " Lucia di Lamuiermoor" and Linda in "Linda di Ohamouni." She occasionally appeared in tho English opera, and always with marked auoceaa. In the national melodies of her country Miss Hayes oertainly had no rival. Her death, which occurred at 6ydeubam, near Londou, where abe was on a Tint to some friends, WM oocaaioued by the rapture of • blood-vessel. Her age was about forty. Her stay in this coon trv gained her many warm afaißn, when will deeply feel the loasot thia tal ented lady. ELLnwom't DaxTKamr.—He prac ticed the msnael of arms la his on room untill his dexterous precision waa something akin to the sleight of a juggler. He inveetqgated the theory of every movement ia aa anatomical view, and made several most valuable improvements oa Hardee. He re-ar ranged the manaet so that every *»*•- ment formed the logieal groundwork of the succeeding on Hestadiedthe t science of fence, so that he eaoM • ra pier with De Yllliera, the aMstdashiag of the algerine swordsmea, He always had a hand aa true assteet, eadaa eye like a gcr-fidoon. Franklin, when a chdd, touua the long graces need ay his father before meals ve«y tedious One day after the wlMar'e pwW» had been salted, **l think, fcnar,"Mid Benjamin, "if over the whole cask once Ibr all, k would be a great saving of tia*." fni i rfcj tb f* »i«— yib Cur. VI AffnpMftr AiKanl Imin tm At I«<Ukt tfc. UMrf iWin i *». T"**- 1 " Be XSi by tkt HmMtmi'iimm tf flyZ miiilij Th> Ai ifli^ t» btHUNttrLj hsbwt bXrSlMnr not otnerwiae iMiwihiri, for tW w»fM iag the thirtieth of J mm, eightw MM and sixty-two: For pay of commission, warrant, mi patty oficen and seamen, including dw W|Wr com of the navy. rit million right hee*nd and forty thoqmad doUaia. , i For the repair and equipment of vessels of the am eight million five hundred and sev enty-five dollars. . '* For fuel for the navy, to he purchased in mode prescribed by law ft# other materials, and for the transportation thereof, one million and eighty thousand dollars. For the purchase of hemp and other materi als for the navy three hundred thousand dollars. For ordnance and ordnance stores. Includ ing incidental expenses, three million five hundred and twenty thousand dollars. For the completion of seven steam screw sloops, authorized by act of February twen ty-first, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, one million six hundred thousand dollars. For the completion of seven steam screw sloops and side-wheel steamer# ninety-one thousand four hundred and thirty-nine dollars and eighty-two cents. For provisions for commission, warrantand petty officers and seamen, including engineers and marines attached to vessels for sea ser vice, one million nine hundred and ninety-four thousand two hundred and twenty-two dollars and forty-seven cents. r For surgeons' necessaries and appliances for the sick and hurt of the navy, including the engineer and marine corps, twenty-five thousand dollars. For contingent expenses that may accrue for the following purposes, viz : freight and transportation, printing and stationary, adver ticinp in nnwßiutppi-R. fionicß. maps. mndi-Umul drawings, purchase and repair of fire-engines and machinery, repairs of and attending to Bteam-ongiues in navy yards, purchase and maintenance of hones and oxen, and driving teams, carts, timber wheels, and the purchase aud repairs of workmen's tools, postage on public letters, fuel, oil, and candles for navy yards and shore stations, pay of watchmen and incidental labor not chargeable to any other appropriation, transportation to and la bor attending tlio delivery of provisions and stores on foreign stations, wharfage, dockago and rent, traveling expenses of officers and others under orders, funeral oxpenses, store and office rent, fuel, commissions and pay of clerks to navy agents and storekeepers, flags, awnings, and packing boxes, premiums and other expenses of recruiting, apprehending' deserters, per diom pay to persons attending courts-martial, courts of inquiry, and other services authorised by law, pay to judges ad vocate, pilotage and towage of vessels, and assistance to vessels :n distress, and for bills of health and quarantine expenses of vessels of the U. 8. navy iu foreign ports, one million fifty-two thousand and three hundred dollars: Provided, That the expenditures under the foregoing appropriations shall be so accounted for as to snow the disbursements fcy ftth bureau, under each respective approprieSta. Marine Corp*, for pay of trnfi'lja commissioned official isashians. prtaaes, clerks, messengers, stewards andssrvimtefor rations sad clothing for servants, additional rations for five years' service, for nndiswa clothing and rations, bounties for w iriln meats, (MM hundred and sixty tlMMsad two hundred sad twenty-four dsilsM For provisions, forty-two iWmssml fad fortv-eignt dollar*. rot clothing, fifty-six thnsssad fesr baa drsd and fiuty-eight dollars. Fsrfbsi.sh tlia »ist< fcrtjUjgfcTiel lata. e#«B|lwmk ■yfcrf ■«> y.>.n rf tvdvitkMnTliM* * NO. 6.