ft asHittgtoit mm Stontfati VOL. IL m Villi I (Tl! IT IIIIU -HI men |TU! IATTBIAT MUIN if — •MM XILLBB urim, Editor and Plir»pri«-tor. •# ■ 4 *SR UNAAM II I «M> " Bit Msatfcs.... Suv txtJMUMir tx Aorjkxce. Alrarlhlai Batn: '<"Vne Mt is*ertiuo. fl OA fMrb additions) insertion - I ««» ttwsiaess pn quarter 5 ix) A lihml Mirtiot will he made in tarnr of those wbs UrrtiM fo«r squares, or apward*, by the year. MT Notices of births, marriages and death* in serted free. Blsaks, Bill Head#. Cards. Ilills of Fare, Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlet*, Ac., executed at reasonable rates. ffirAll communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the edi itor of the WARMNOTOX HTAKOAHD. Kit Canon. A little over one year since the wri ter of this spent a day or two with KIT CARSON, the celebrated mountaineer. His residence is in Taos, New Mexico. There is nothing about him at first sight which would naturally attract the attention of a stranger, except, per haps, his high and noble forehead and his large blue eyes, which seems to search for and know one's inmost thoughts at a glance; yet in expression us gentle and kind as a maiden's. In stature, he is rather below the medium height, end a trifle too broad across the shoulders for a well-proportioned man, and much riding has given him u somewhat dumpy appearance on foot, but on horseback his appearance is per fectly regal. He looks the King. If he should ride through the streets of a city he would at once command the at tention and admiration of every one. To know him one should sit with him by his hearth-stone or around his camp fire in the mountains. He bears upon his countenance the reflection of the 44 noblest work of the Creator—an hon est man." He is the very soul of truth and honor. One cannot converse with him five minutes without having the most implicit confidence in everything which he relates. Ho is simple and unobtrusive in his manners and con versation. Unlike most other mount aineers, he dislikes to speak of his own exploits and adventures, and one is un der the necessity of using some art in bringing him out on these topics. lie is the very embodiment of coolness, self-possession and courage in the hour of danger. He never fights for glory, but loves the excitement incident thereto. He told the writer that 44 he had never fought either white man or Indian when in honor or safety he could avoid it." Nature has educated him amid her lofty mountains, in her dense forests, beside her foaming cata racts and her laughing, flashing rivu lets, and to-day he is one of the noblest men in the world.— Cor. 8. F. Mirror. CONDITION ov AFFAIRS IN TEXAS.— An English merchant, who has just ar rived at Washington from Texas, states that great distress exists throughout all portions of that State. At Galveston, irhea ha left, provisions of every des cription commanded the most exorbit ant prieea. Uwat alarm existed there rsapsitiag the srfatr of the place, the ia habitants having beard that expedi tioaa ware ftttsf oat to operate on the Jkatfars eaaat Several prominent •astleaea had fcabarribed sufficient faads, as- had despatched Col. John Hayder and Gea. thermae to New Or faaas la parchase rifted cannon of sulfi ciart aamsa la dstead the island. As it ii MV, he sajra, the fteeteaabui~bartl alMtt a raaga te keeptb# veaa2» ef the l ')aM|d! < OM a aa,oae of the wealth fast aaaa ia Taxna, had committed sai aida. The fsaauat political troubles la tWanMMrigMd. eEaMataai'iS l^11 'eammmZd wlmil, h km alao a liilfa«t-«ok>Bet •Ml larifr. Ahfrf*" wpowd offo or mora Hfiawti, a»d la oom mtmiti fcy nuaL A di kripdn, ad ia eoonuM bjr a major XOBLS.—TW Odd fellow, of Ban Fraactaeo, attributed 91,892, for the reliafof tbe Harram into •offerer* 09* Ba virtuous and be happy. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, JANUARY 11,1862. REPORT of The Superintendent of Public instruc tion ur I*i BUT IMTW rn««, T MYMPU. W. T, IVC. 10. IMI. F T. tit UumoruUr tkr LrguUturr of tie Trmtrny Waainftm : 'IV art to rnalf the oCrr of Public iMliatlm k lW toy <4 ibr Superint rodent to wfcrt (I *tk wfimtin m may bt dowvd imjiortant in n-frrwK* to mam fclnak npmtllj tkr MBIH r rf dn*n ; tlx- BumlirT mi quality of ukasls. the Msbcr rf «W«» «■ at tendant-.- ; tin- anxxint pud for tuition, alao, to coHect iaformatinn of tke ntuiilwr of achoul boost*, anal tkr amount exptaM from ymr to year, for tiir erortiou and repairing of school kuWM. ud all other itlcw m nfrnncc to (he operation and i-fffct of tke Common School svst«-m, and report annually to the Lsgaklurt the information thus collected, and suggest such improvement* fruui time to tune aa the intcmata of educa tion may _ In accordance with the above reauirementa, I submit the following report with such recommendationa aa 1 deem important for the interests of education in the Territoty. My report, from the nature of the caae, will be veiy unsatisfactory, from the fact that our Common School aystern ia not yet matured, and the act to create county Superintendents does not make it their duty to report to this office. 1 have corresponded with all the county Superin tendents during the year, requesting of them such information as desired by law. Many of them have responded to the request sent early in the year, and their reports can be found in the following pages. Still a number of counties have not been heard from. This we regret, because desire to bring before you all the information important for proper legislation on this subject, out we hope that the future will perfect what has been begun during the past year. . Wo have been enabled to visit a number of schools in the Terri tory, and we are gratified to notice the interest on the subject of educa tion among the people. Too much can hardly be said in favor of Popular Education. It dissipates tho evils of ignorance, which are the greatest hindrances to the progress of our free institutions. It increases the productiveness of labor in all the industrial pursuits of civilized life. When it® appliances are wisely arranged it always tends to diminish pauperism ana crime, and to promote human happiness. Hence we would urge upon you the importance of developing our educational interests. Till' General Government has very wisely sot apart one-eighteenth of the public land for common school purposes. This, in itself, pronerly managed, will make all our public schools free. Through the kindness of Jared llurd, Esq., of the Surveyor General's Office, I am put in pos session of the probable amount of land donated foreducational purposes in this Territory : Acres. For Common School purposes 10,161,138 For University purposes 46,080 Total amount, 10,207,218 Now suppose this common school land is sold at the very low rate of fifty cents per acre, and we have the munificent sum of five millions eight thousand and five hundred and sixty-nine dollars. If this amount be put at the low rate of ten per cent, interest, wo shall have an annual income of five hundred and eight thousand and fifty-six dollars and liiuetv cents. This sum will pay seven hundred and twenty competent teachers annually. Tlio General Government has given to the Territory, for the en dowment of a University, 46,080 acrea of unoccupied land—hence the land may be located when it ia the moat aaleable and deairable, in tracts to suit purchasers, not exceeding 640 acres in one body. Therefore we conclude that the average value of these lands ia above the minimum price of $1 60 per acre, making a ftind not less than 875 ,000, and possibly, if disposed of judiciously, might amount to double of the above estimate. We think it • wise provision of the Leg- Mature in appointing commissioners to locate at an early day all the University lands. The commissioners of the University landa felt themaelvea author ized, after Delecting the site of the University and in improving the
same, to commence the University buildings, and arc now nearly com pli'tvdi About one-half of the whole amount donated kaa been expended. We thiuk that the expense already 100 gnat fcr the paUte good of the Territory. In fact, if the matte* ia wel maiHmi, we sfcal iad that weave not vet MfMwd far a Territorial Uniisuitj. "We have roam ro is fa Iks Henre. wbem ia the propriety at if miing aB this nssey t There ia aat in mllUag caasty, (the eaaaty fa whiah the fume sky » Uetsd). sne WundUed cMfas af fawfal qps la allsad orsa a dfa trirt si hssl. arkaafc deroaai int. thaa high an. nfTuwJ Univtasily fast thsa aaaa achaafa. We fad it to he ear Jahr la aafts* s*ris«y. «v fastest ngaiaat this lmstv rtytefaa* rf oar yfcftc wfad faais. hsld that psMb gsad tfcsaAd ha T«xt Bob to W «n4 is Mlwati: li.i w fahrt aiilMai'naiafc L*. * 4 ru LIL m ■ —J g i i \ W*» ■ IBTHHI^^• J W»ar SCHOOL LAND. VNIVP.BBITY. IT 1 *» KSSTni 1 3d. ftyalNß sf PNMM^ iKrtiiaary, ia <«wyfcssl haaae. M Used Td"dSaST my MV ia aa*. a cooy of wluck kr kaa kwni this sAae. a| mm mdr for ruaiiwim by aanr oar. BmMm <ks saaasisr dria «f mat trr I'IUMII d and tkr excellent ilkwiissa, Pl*L W9NB kaa 4M through his publiskm, llarper Ac Brother*, a ve*y Ekanl MartM ia tkr price, in case we introduced thrm into oar srhoots Ia «hw sf the facts in the cane. 1 recommend their oar ia oar raaaaoa ackools We publish the following letter from I'rof. Wilaaa aa tke salject, which will be found important to oar educational iatsi—<a : LETTER FROM PROFESSOR WILSON. MR. B. C. Limxcorr, Pr. of P*gH Sound Intitnte, and Supt. of ScAoolt of Washington Territory: DEAR SIB—I observe a letter of yomt to Harper Ic Brother, rela tive to my Header, and I observe that they offered yon the Reader at half price for introduction. This is right, for first supplies Atmished directly to schools. To Agent*, however, who will canvass a definite territory for the hooka, we otter additional inducements. We let them have the books at a discount of two-thirds from retail prices, for cadi, for first introduction into schools,—they to furnish us the statements of teacher that they have obtained the books for that pnrpose. Our regular wholesale price of the reader we liavo put at a discount of one-third from retail, instead of one fourth, as formerly. We should be glad to hoar from you on the subject of aeenring tho introduction of " Wilson's School and Family Readers" into yonr schools. We hnvo initiated arrangements by which they will probably go into the schools in Oregon,—here, in the " old country," they are carrying all before them. I send you a pamphlet of the - Educational Bulletins," giving prices of the Reader, recommendations, See. Wo shall be glad to hear from you further. I should have mentioned that we are gettingout a series of " School and Family Charts," See., to accompany tho Readers, and to initiate and carry ou the system of " Object Lesson " teaching, now so much talked of. Can you give me a list of schools and teachers in Washington Ter ritory J MARCUS WILSON, FOR IIARPBR Sc. BROTHER. From tlie most reliable information at our command, we find that the number of children over the ago of four and under twenty-one yean is 2,141. We Imvc abont fifty-three school-houses in the Territory, and aoine of them are not worth fo much as the name of a school-house . The probable cost of these buildings will not amount to the sum of twenty six thousand five hundred dollars. As the country is yet new, and we have just begun to build onr school-houses, we woula suggest to the directors of school districts, that when you build school-houses, do it well—make them large and com fortable. You may not have to stop in them, but your little ones do. "The thing that is worth doing at sul is worth doing well" Let us prove this in every school-house we build—let each one bo an ornament to the district and to the Territory. From the very best information I have at hand, there is paid out annually about $9,G38 22 for instruction out of the public school And. SCHOOL REGISTERS. The law requires me to furnish county superintendents with foans for the district trustees and tenrhen, far keeping their aceounts sad reg ister*. Tlieae forms on to he delivered by the sstmsl ss—ty snpsrin tendenta to all the districts throughout their respective sitfis This ie on important provision, and in bet the aaly way we eaa antra at all "CEv 1 was unahle to psrisws tea'wZt efne—» p—sh—a Mck fcnM. I heue your hsannUe My wii niinc this mm ha that embamiMmeai in the futurt. I illhnf*» Eel—the it tth i *mmZ£r \ <Tfti wt rPSunsT SITfIJS JmJ! *» hmi* b «■*■" Jm S to ufiIZL^JZmiSS else iajajn HARPRR ic BROTHER, N. Y„ Sept 10, 1861. NL'MBBB OF CHILDREN. NtMOBR OP SCHOOL-HOUSES. COST OP INSTRUCTION. Report of the territorial treasurer Hiiiii rflUJllj , . tSM Mack 13—T» an* tmmwwi *mm T»i—li ef Dm m«t. fcr 1860. 1« *5 Muck 14—'To caak received tore in of Vktaa eo. fc* 1860, 16 68 April 1»—To cask RHind from Tliwii of Ckh mMt, 700 lugr »—To cask received AM TlM— rw ef SmriA eo^ Ibr 1860, 13 59 May >l—To cash received frta Tin— m of CowKts bo— <y, fcr 1860, 38 17 Jane B—To amount wwiwl of £. H. Tucker, on Territorial eonvicta labor, 160 00 July 31—To amount received of E. H. Tucker, on Territorial eonvicta labor, 371 00 Sept 30—'To amount received of E. H. Tucker, on Territorial eonvicta labor, 210 00 Dec. I—To amount received from Treasurer of Inland county, 100 00 Dec. 4—To amount received from Treasurer of Kitsap eounty, 1861, 880 00 Dec. B—To amount recivod from Treasurer of Thurston co., 1861 457 67 Dec. 21—To amount received from Treasurer of Kitsap coun ty, 1861, 20 00 Dee. 27—To amount received from Treasurer of Pacific coun ty, 1860, 36 16 Dec. 27—To amount received from Treasurer of Skamania county, 1860, 15 75 Dec. 27—To amount received of E. H. Tucker, on Territorial convicts labor, 11l 00 Dec. 27—To amount received from Treasurer of Pierce coun ty, which was transferred to Court Fund, aa per voucher on file, 366 73 82,226 04 Dec. 27—Entering cost bills received from different counties, which were placed to their credit, receipted for, and charged to Penitentiary Labor Fund, aa per vouchers on file in this office, 1,397 00 To entering delinquint tax lists received from differ ' ent counties, and receipting for the same, as per vouchers on file in this office 170 25 81,567 25. ti 0. WaliAMi Territorial Trcaturcr, 111 account with Washington Territory, 1861. On account of moneys disbursed. C*. Feb. B—By cash paid on Warrant No. 74, $5 00 It Ig t< 41 44 II II II 73, 400 « 13— «« « « « « «« 58, 13 00 April 30—" - - " - « 86 18 75 June 8— - - - E. H. Tucker, on Warrant, No. 1 160 00 July 31—" u u « « m « 0,...,. 37| 00 Sept. 3 - - " - - « "3, 210 00 Dec. 3 " " " on Warrant No. 47, 16 50 - 4 - - - - - - 48, 69 25 « 5 « « « « « « 95 f •48 00 « 5 - " - - - 44 87 89 00 « 5 « m « University Cotn'rs, on Warrant, No. 1, 121 50 " 9 " " « on Warrant No. 75, 15 00 •« 9MM MM « M 51,....., 50 00 - 9 - M - M M M 84.......... 12 50 "9 - - - - - - 77, i... 15 47 M 9 M M M - M M 90 ( 25 00 " 9 » « " " M M 104, 470 "9 --mm - m 183, 5 00 m o— « « <i H m 10— - M 53 io OQ rn 10— u - m m m - 55, (2 Oft m 10— - - - - - - 72, 102 M - fft m - - - - m 104. OMI • 20— m • m - mm 144, USO »27 " • « " • « 142, 14 2» « 27 « - « « « • HJ, 27 50 «27 " " • E. H. IWkr,« Wanaat N*. 4. 11102 • *7— • • " rWree tiily, whrfi <1 Wh,... 200 72 n 111 VTwiJb. lawilitTanltaitaiTNaair ** ** -'.'...'. T.T. I! U24 mil a? Ommli At Afahi 4n^ NO. 9.