Newspaper of The Washington Standard, February 1, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated February 1, 1862 Page 1
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VOL. 11. TIE VMIIKM STHIIII —II UtriD ivlir «ATt 11»AT tT JM* lILLEB lOni, Editor uu<l Proprietor. tabarrlirtlM Bale*: •W AMM - s'< " » •• Ms Mwaiii* - I »■> IS VAMI ABLY IS A OVA SI'S OM ?quarr. MM ia*«rtiuu. - ?"* W Kacfc •ddiliooal insmion - 1 t <'tril-. jiff qu*rirr, & U'J j A liberal deduction will br niftde ir. favor ! of tlii»je »li<> advertiac lour *quurc*, or upward-, by the year. of birth*, marriapfs and death* in- J icrtcd Irre. MT Blanks, Bill Head*, Cards. Hi!!-of Faro, j Circular*, ('atalnjiucs, l'araphlets, Ac., executed at reasonable rates. [tjr All communication?, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the ccli itor of the WASHINGTON SRANUAIIU. Hational Anthem for America. [FROM THE "REJECTED ADDRESSES" OF THE NATIONAL IIYMN COMMITTER.] Anthem of Libert)', Solemn and grand, Wake in thy loftiness, Sweep through the land ! Light in each breast anew Patriot tires, Pledge the old flag again— Flag of our sires! Fling all thy folds abroad, Banner of light! Wave, wave forever, Flag of our might! God for our banner, Freedom and ltight! Amen! Amen! Spirit of Unity. Potent, divine, Come in thy kindliness, All hearts entwine! Prove to our enemies, Ever a rnttJc, And to each traitor scheme lhiinous shock! Wako the old banner word ! Shout it amain; Union forevor! Once and again; Union forever! God it maintain! Amen! Amen! Shades of our forefathers, Pass through the land, Clothed in full majesty, Terribly grand ! "Faith, Hope and Charity," Rule in eaeli breast. Faith, in our Fatherland, Hope, in our Lord, Charity, still to all Blindly who've erred! God save the Government, Long it defend! Thine is the Kingdom, Father and Friend! Thine be the glory > World without end 1 Amen! Amen! —Richard Storrs Willis. The way Wars are Made.—M. Bac ri, formerly a merchant of Marseilles, recently deceased, was tho inclirect cause of the French war with the Dcy of Algiers, and consequently, of the conquest and colonization of the couu try by France. M. Bacri, being un able to obtaiu payment from the Dey for a large quantity of wheat furnished by him to the Algerine government, applied for assistance to the French oonaol, M. Duval. The latter, having pressed his countryman's claim tinou the Dey, received from that semi-bar barous* sovereign the famous slap iu the face with a fan which led to the war between France and Algiers.— Though his claims served as a pretext for the war of conquest, iu the course of which the Dey was compelled to pav to the French government the amount of money which was due to M. Bacri, the latter derived uo benefit from its interference in his behalf. The French government appropriated the snm thus paid into its hands; and the unlucky trader, entirely ruined by the expense* the successive suits he brought against the late aud present French governments, lived and died in pcuuiy, aupported hy his relatives. 19* An Armstrong shell was re cently fired by Cant. Caldwell, from the British frigate Mtr*<y, at an iceberg about 150 feet high, at a distance of 41 miles, and such was the accuracy and effect, that a block of ice, judged to be 100 tons fell from the summit. Even if a woman had as many locks upon her heart as ahe baa upon her head, a cunning rogue would nnd his way into it m* If falsehood paralysed the tongue, what a death-like silence would pervade society. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, FEBRUARY 1,18C2. L<|iii»tin hww*Hi liath <»»■■ (Midi. Thi *#nAT. Jan. 23. Council met pursuant to adjourn ment. On leave. Mr. Burl«aiik introduced a resolution relative to elation returns from Pacific county. Tabled. Mr. Shaw—au act divorcing Morris Jones and bis wife. Passed under su»- pension ol' the rules. Mr. More—an act relative to jurisdic tion iu civil cases in the Ist Judicial District. Referred to Judiciary Com mittee. Also an act authorizing O. Cushman and associates to establish a ferry on the South Fork of Clearwater. Re ferred to committee on Counties. Mr. Clark—an act amendatory of, and supplementary to an act conferring jurisdiction upou the District Court of Pierce county. Passed under suspen sion of the rules. Also, an act providing for the trans mission of court records. Passed. Mr. Clark—an act relative to fees and costs in certain cases. Referred to Judiciarv Committee. Also, an act relative to Notaries Pub lic. Referred as above. All act relative to fees and costs in the counties of Spokane, Shoshone, Pierce and Idaho. Passed. House bill incorporating Territorial University was amended and laid on tho table. House bill divorcing E. and Marv Shea was passed. House bill divorcing Nathan and Elizabeth Hall was indefinitely post poned. Mr. Caples gave notice that lie would move a reconsideration of the vote by which the bill was lost. House bill to establish a Territorial road from the terminus of the Dalles Portage Co.'s road to tho mouth of the Snake river. Referred to committee 011 Roads and Highways. Council concurred in House amend ment relative to the mail route to What com and Bcllingham Bay. 11. J. R. relative to troops at Gray's Harbor. Referred to committee on Military* Affairs. IT. J. R. relative to pay of witnesses summoned before tho University Com mittee.*. Referred to committee 011 "Wavs and Means. On motion of Mr Webster, the joint committee on University affairs were instructed to report to-morrow. Several bills referred—others laid on the table. On motion, adjourned. FRIDAY. Jan. 24. Council met pursuant to adjourn ment. House bill relative to the navigation of the Cheliolia river taken up, amend ed and passed. House bill divorcing John Kindred and wife was lost. Mr. Caples gave notice of a reconsid eration. House bill incorporating Territorial University was amended and passed. House'bill to incorporate the Nis qually rood company passed. House bill granting a ferry to Tlios. Coupe from Fort Townsend to Wliid by's Island, amended aud passed. House bill grantiug O. Cushman and others ferry privileges on South Fork of Clearwater, passed. House bill relative to Commissioner's Court of Island county was amended and passed. An act relative to Notaries Public was amended and passed. House bill relative to Government Tax was amended and passed. An act to grant W. W. DeLacy a ferry ou Salmon river passed. Council concurred in House amend ment of an act relative to county seat of Lewis county. House bill relative to Territorial rand from Montieello to east line of Clark county passed. House bill granting ferrv privileges to J. T. Hicklin on the Yakima river pawed. lloa*e Joint Resolution to pay cer tain person* summoned before the Uni versity committee passed. Several bills appropriately referred. Council adjourned. ST. PAUL'S CITHKDAAL,' London, was erected under the superintendence of oue bishop, one architect and one ma son. The time occupied iu buiding it was thirty-five years. The cost of the entire cdtfioe was $4,000,000, or about twice the cost of Girard College. The funniest thing about this is the fact that bishop, architect and master-mason should all have lived during the whole thirty-five years. Route to Salmon River Mines. Olympta, Jan. -I, 1 EI'IToR —Sin«* the dis covery of gold on Salmon river, tie question has arose with those intend ing to go iu search of the precious ore. which is the most feasible route of pet ting there, more particulaly with team and wagou ? As many persons in this section of country entertain a prefer ence for that mode of traveling, who may perhaps feci sufficieutiv interested to read a discription of the intervening country, by one who, iu the summer of 1 H,12, had some experience iu wander ing over that almost unknown region ot countrv. I have no doubt of its entire practi cability by way of Powder river; and that portion lietwcen the Dalles and where the emigrant road crosses Pow der river, needs but little comment, as it is generally well known to all per sons who came to this Territory via the C loins. From thence, there is a well eaten Indian trail leading off in an easterly direction, down the north side of Powder river, to its junction with Snake river, a distance of about sixty miles, over an opou prairie and wild sage country. Tho first twenty-five or thirty miles is through a level and fer tile valley, to where Powder river en ters a deep canyon. The trail here rises over an elevated sage plain and low hills for fifteen or twenty miles, with out water, when it again approaches Powder river in the valley below tho canyon, continuing a distance of aliout twenty miles further to tho bluff on Snake river, which can, with some la bor, be made practicable for a descent with wagons, as I saw Indians ride down it 011 horseback. The trail hero crosses Snake river,ascending the bluff on the east side, which recedes with a gradual and easy slope. There is a large Indian village built on the west side, immediately above the confluence of Powder with Snake river, which was the last and most important village seen in our descent of this river. The Indians had no means of navigating the river except on rafts, niude of rushes or other long grass tied together in bandies, capable of floating four or live men. The bluffs below this be came more abrupt; and about 'l~> miles brought us to the mouth of the far famed Salmon river, where it debouches from a high and eruggy blutt on the east side, through a deep and narrow guleh, down a rocky slope Fonie fifty yards, to mingle its waters with Snake river, which m many places through this canyon runs in a foaming torrent. About fifteen miles lower down the Grand Ronde river empties in from a south-westerly direction. Opposite Salmon river, the west bluff ot Snake is about GOO feet high, which I ascend ed to have n prospect of the country. A well-watered and fertile valley ex tends from hero westward to the foot of a high mountain or ridge, separating it from the Grand Rondo valley on the west, which mountain is visible from the emigrant road. This course is the most direct to reach Salmon river ; and this mountain or ridge can be crossed by ascending the high land to the south of Graud Hondo valley, and con tinuing eastwardly until the summit is {•assed, then again descending the val ey below on the left, continuing down it to the bluff of Snake river, keeping on the south side of the streams cours ing through it, to avoid crossing a deep eanyon at the lower eud of this valley. The distance by this latter route I esti mate at sixty miles. Over this ridge the country ia of p bartvn and volcanic nature, without water some fifteen miles, and from which the coun try bordering on Salmon river is dis tinctly visible. Its conical mountains preseut iu the distance the appearance of mammoth hay stacks, standing pro miscuously over a vast extent of coun try with their l«id tops looming up into the blue horizon: and far in the sonth-east, one of those cone like peaks scuds up its euriing wreaths of smoke to mingle with the clouds, adding ma terially to the grandeur of the natural scenery around. GEOHUE A. TYJvLL. To CCBE POVKKTT.—Hit down an i pwl about it. By m doing you'll U> •are to mt rich, and make vounelf partieulwriy agreeably to even* Lody. BST Red uoees ar» aometim* light bouses to warn voyager# on tbe seu of life off tbe coast of Malaga, Jamaica,

Santa Crux aud Holland. tSf If you and your sweat-heart vote upon tbe marriage question, you for it and she against it, don't fla'tter yourself as to its being a tie. Chicago, Jan. *. A. M.— The Tr-l tmes special di.-iutc h says the t'atholic Hiahttp of Na»liville has arrived there, lie states that drafting in Tennessee had proved a failure. tJreat number* in Nashville are outspoken Union men. I: Howling Green falls, Nashville will destroyed. The Bishop saw at Glasgow Junction, the remains of a splendid tunnel destroyed on Jan. sth, by rebels. The railroad from that jH»int north was entirely destroyed, flic rebels arc endeavoring to draw the I*nion army into Bowling Green, where they have masked batteries. The approaches to Columbus are splendidly defended by numerous bat teries, and chains and torpedoes ob struct the river. Gen. Shields has arrived at "Wash ington. The Ways and Means committee in Congress has framed a bill, which will be introduced to-day, authorizing the issue of $100,000,000 iu demand Treas ury notes, and drawing interest, and paying generally without specifying places or times, which as well as other Treasury not?s, are to be declared law ful money. It is settled that Gen. Jim. Lane is to havo command of an army of 30,- 000 men to penetrate South from Fort Leavenworth .He will carry on the war in the Southwest according to his own peculiar notions, and strike at re bellion with any weapon that he can command. Tho agent of the Government who superintended the removal of Mason and Slidoll from Fort "Warren to the tho British gunboat returned this morn ing. No papers were exchanged be tween tho agent and the English com mander in connection with the delivery and reception of the rebel Commis sioners. HALIFAX, Jan. 3.—Rumors arc cur rent in this city-—not traceble, however to any reliable source—of the loss of the steamship Parana in the St. Law rence, with 1100 troops on board. QUIXCY, Jan. 7.— The steamship Van ' derliilt, from L'ort I loyal, Jan. 3, ar ' rived at Now York yesterday, and brought 3,700 hales of cotton. 200 prisoners released from Rich mond, arrived at Washington yesterday 1 mid were paid oil". The Federal gunboats Essex, Lex ington and Tyler, went down the river yesterday, to make reconnoisanccs. They went within range of the rebel batteries near Columbus, when they met the rebel steamer Mohmrk, which retreated after our boats had fired two shots at her. When our boats were re tiring, a rebel gunboat followed, but i was chased back. i QL'INCY, Jan. 7, P. M. —An oxpedi , tion, second to none yet sent out, in j numbers, character and purpose, under ! command of Gen. Lane, is soon to start from Fort Leavenworth. I WASHINGTON, Jan. C. —The Presi dent seut to the Senate tho name of Col. Pann, of the First Minnesota regi ! incut, as Brigadier General. Gen. MeClelluu, for the first time in several weeks, appeared out of doors to day in his carriage, lie has nearly re covered his health. In the Senate Jan. (», Mr. Nesmith presented the credentials of Mr. Stark of Oregon. Mr. Fesscnden of Maine, moved the administration of the oath be suspend-1 ed for the present, and the credentials , and other paper* l*» referred to the Ju- 1 diciarv committee. A <Vi*cu*«u>ti arose as to the prwprie-, ty «.f the motion, which was participa ted i» t»\ Itright of Indiana. Feeacndeti,' Bttyard." Wilson «nd Trombnll. The credentials of Htark and papers showiug his disloyalty were laid on the tat»!e. Mr. \Vi!s>n of Mamaicbasett*. pre sented a (x tition of the citizens of i Pennsylvania, asking that John Fremont be appointed a Lieutenant . General. In the House. Conklin, of New Vork, culled up • resolution of in<pnry into the Hull Una disaster. He said ' the resolution was offimil several days' ago, bat no efcrt had yet l»cen made t«> i show who was rmponiililc for that dis- j I aster. In the connte of hi* remarks, J Concklin commented aivenlv on the 1 ' plan of covering up the fiiafta of c*r-' , lain generals and laying all the blame ( 1 on one. { In the Senate, Jan. 7, Mew*. Pom-, eroy and Chandler presented petitions • for the emancipation of ilam. | In the Honae m message was received :in reference to the Trent affair. It was referred to the committee on For eign Attain. The rebels at Columbus hare tank , Later frost tk itlutit Side. torj<edoes in the river to blow up the expected Federal fleet fn»m Cairo. Tiiey have also ttietdifH chains aetews the \l: issippi at that j«oint to obstruct the |«-*age of uv boat*. l'oi tiou» of the eargo of a ship have U< u picked up at Cape Breton, near Halifax. N. S. They are supposed to l« from the British steamer .1 rstrala s-av. which was bound to <Juel>ec with soldiers. St. Lout*. Jan. B.—On the 6, Col. Dunning, at the head of a Federal regi ment, met a force of two thousand reb els iu Blue Gap, Va., about seventy miles east of Romney. Col. Dunning immediately attacked the rebels, and after a short engagement completely routed them. Tho Federals captured a number of prisoners, and all the can nons, wagons and camp equipage, &c., in possession of their foes. The rebels retreated in disorder towards Hancock, on the Potomac. Tho rebel loss in killed was fifteen; none of the Federal troops were killed. Preparations are making for an im mediate move of Federal forces from Cairo to Nashville, Tennessee. CIIICAUO, Jan. 9. —An ofiicial report has been received at Washington from Gen. Sherman, in command of the Federal forces in South Carolina, in re lation to Gen. Stevens' operations at Port Royal Ferry. The latter's instruc tions were to make a dash 011 the ene my, destroy their batteries because they obstructed the river and had fired on the Mayflower, and then return to the Island where the Federal troops are now concentrated—all of which Stevens carried out. Several more fires have recently oc curred at Charleston. Fires have also broken out at Norfolk and Richmond. They were supposed to have been started by insurrectionists. Mr. Hemphill, formerly L T . S. Sena tor from Texas, is dead. The railroads through Missouri have been repaired, and tho California mails will hereafter be more regular. A large party is being built up in the Northern States which will demand an immediate advance of our army, and more effective steps to crush out tho rebellion. The President enter tains the same sentiments, and has re cently appointed Gen. Jim Lane to lead an army of 30,000 men iuto the enemy's country, as an indication of what lie intends to do. CHICAGO, Jan. oth, P. M.—A special dispatch to the St. Louis Democrat from Cairo says that 25,000 troops are 011 their way to that city from different points, and as soon as they arrive a column of 00,000 to 70,000 will march to Padueah, under Gen. Grant. Tho dcitination of the force is to be Nash ville, where, if a junction can be formed with Bucll, now in commaud iu Ken tucky, the ontirc army will proceed to New Orleans. General Fremont's investigation has commenced. His friends have strong hopes that be will bo able to clear him self of all the charges that have beou brought against him. Treasury notes in Washington aro 4 tier cent, discount. Exchange ou New York one-half per cent. Mr. Hale prcseuted a petition in the Senate to-day from citizens of Pennsyl vania, asking that a statute be enacted punishing those defrauding the Gov ernment. Mr. Hale also introduced a bill pun ishing frauds on the Treasury. There was great excitement in the St. l/>ui* Chamber of Commerce yes terday, occasioned by an election of officer*, which resulted in the disrup tion of the Ch&ul>er, by the withdraw al of Uni<*u member*. The UvnUe arose front Secession IM .tubers refu»ing to vote for the adntisttou ot l nio« member*. CIKMO, J MI. MK. —Tfc» feat ure of Coagreas Twt*fd*r waa the n>Wffc of Sent or >n"mi»«*r. «u»taining tbe Adm'r- Ut ration in *urrem!oriiig \U«>a sad F'idel!—showing clearly that it *»• in pursuance of a pofiey* maintained by Government fttn it*"«»»»*|rt»o« to the present tinse. All tbe Fown Ltgt tion were present exorpt Lord LTOM. fgT The Moot, Uke v-vrtaia politi cian*, ckangss evsrj thirty day*, when rhe look* at thing* ia general wiili quite a now tare. It' a fact were want iog to determine the *cx ol the it would be found ia Iter obatiaary al*out ber ago. Like meet ladi*«, afce >i never more than a day or two *Mer than thirty. §JT In sometraaqall am I apparently amiable nature* there are om amta* jilted and an fathomable depths of re sentment. W tunc—Tlx-re u character in th# fooM«y. |Viw4e no more walk alike than .iici think «f Irt You can almost tell by the till of tbe foot on the javecieot, whether a luan'i inter nal iiarouietcr indicates dmid or tuu ehine. fn-e the man of progress and enterprise— the successful merchant of lawyer; the saine rulen that guide hi* huxiiica* relations follow his very gait through swarming thoroughfares. He never treads on insecure gromida, and his loot is never set down withottl ft sort of firm, steady sense of seenritr. The footsteps of the young beginner in life's pathway is lew regular and rapid —he is yet undecided, and hesitates on the threshold of the busy world. Tbe laborer, with paper cap and bespattered raiment, has neither energy nor spirit in his walk; you might as well try to decipher a blank page, as to read char acter in tliis. Up and down, up and down, with the same slow, lumbering movement. Patrick looks forward to nothing beyond Saturday night and hit black pipe at home! Life has no bright upward revolutions, no bitter rending away of the soul's visions, for him! llow different is the light trip ping step of the young girl, that makes music even on the worn and roughened paving-stones—the quick, nervous pace of the mother, hurrying homo to her little ones—the weary tread of those who walk within the shadow of death! There 'l3 character in people's footstep*, if one only knows how to read its un interpreted language! GOING TO BED. —Some liue writer gives the followiug as the manner in which a young lady goes to bed: " When bed-time arrives, she trips up stairs with a caudle in hand, and if she had pleasant company during the evening, with some agreeable ideas in her head. The caudle on the toilet, and her luxuriant liHir is speedily eman cipated from the thraldom of combs and pins. If she usually wears 'water curls,' cr uses the ' iron,' her hair is brushed very carefully from her fore head, and the whole completely se cured; if not, why then her lovely tresses are soon hid in innumerable bits of paper. This task accomplished, a night cap appears, edged, it rtiay be, with plain muslin, or perhaps with heavy lace; which hides all, save her own sweet countenance. As soon as she ties the strings, she probably takes a peep in the glass, and naif smiles and blushes at what she sees. The light is out — her fair, delicate form gently presses the couch, and like a dear, in nocent, lovely creature as she is, she falls gently into sleep, with ft smile oto her still sweeter fuce." We don't approve of the description, and feel safe in saying that the young lady at least takes off her shoes and stockings, and becomes separated from her skeleton skirt, before her delicate form presses the couclh THE EARTH ONE VAST Crannr.*— •Scientific writers assert that the num ber of persons who have existed sinoe the beginning of time amounts to 86,- U27,b4i5 t i70,u7.i,840. These figures, when divided bv 8,095,000 (the nam ber of square fcagues of land on the globe), We 11,820,690,792 square mites of land on the globe, vWek, be ing divided as before, glee 184,788,696 persons to eaeh eqeare mile, hi a now reduce miiee to auueiu i«wdk audi the number wOl be wbicb. being divided as Mm, will give inhabitants to eeck efuwu mod ; which, tiring reduced to will give about five persoue to euA <»|!tare foot of tsrrm/lrm*. TWI it wfl ied in each square read, afr cieat tor taa gissas. Farb giasu mast seen tht tluCliiliaiKhai efthegS ha« been dag ore* UB times to burr fee d«ud. wmjf Rtrtat reports thai lU «Mfn of tk« Grand Truk mturt* tin to EMfhMd of Ike im m|U rut vocd for tkvmi ii Cbaii^i licase ree«Hb* tkf mitt Ml hM» dutf <m* t to vane to 11 tl, tmi • m«rtw af.» Ahaai to tolapi IM V W JHHB 90 sP^SS ylr lik. Thy >p NO. 12.

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