Newspaper of The Washington Standard, March 15, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated March 15, 1862 Page 2
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TiEfjKiiummmii C. *. OFFICIAL PAPER f«Ht THB TF.RRIToRV. Tk« lRleR»ll Khali be Prcwrtrd. Agents for the Standard. The following named pentleiueu arc authorized to rcceiv* and rwript tor Money due on subicrip tioa to th* St»*i>a*d : L. P. Fisata, San Francirco. C .! Taos. BoviS. San Francisco. • G. W Join. Vancouver. H 1 ALT*. S. AiiiMtnr. OIK l'< HI. R. D- ILIMIIMTOI, JLOLLIK (111., Jons WtRfTKB. I'urt M.01i.-uii , lltMt C. n'ltioi. Teeknie'; Jt»K.«H»LL Bit**. Seal*-ck MT V»otv cac be sect through the mail* at our ri»h. SATURDAY. MARCH IS, IW2. The Statesman and the Oregonian. As to "the great evil which may result to the conse, by undesened attack*." wr commend th* Orrgomim to A retraction of it* own tirade and CHARGE of disunion, made agaim-t members of the \\ aflimglon Legislature, of uni|tir<iiuii*d leviltr. t ecause. voting for « .»et of *ound I'nioi naoln- tion>, tUev saw tit not to voir for another set. u<>( toiiiiiii-r. purporting to emanate from men, or it man. not above the suspicion of lioldiug partvi.-ia above country.— Orrgm i Stalrtman It is probable that the Statesman is lnlw>r ing under a misapprehension in regard to the liistorv of those resolutions. We do not be lieve the editor of that paper would defend the action of our Legislature for the purpose of venting his spleen against the Oregonian. The comments of that paper were based on our Btatement of facts, and in our judgment wore just and proper. We charged that it was determined by the secession Democrats in the Legislature that no resolutions endors ing the war policy of the Administration should pass that body, and the facts show that this resolve was carried into execution through the agency of " Legislative trickery." If the Statesman had been aware of the fact that these Legislative wire-workers were patrons of the Portland Advertiser, and that the action of the Legislature was influenced by that treasonable sheet, we think that it would not have been so ready to denounce its Union friends of the STANDARD and Advocate. If tho last two numbers of the Statesman are to be regarded as indicating its course in the coming canvass, and the spirit and tem ' per manifested towards its Republican friends as indicating its true feeling them, we are of tho opinion that the Union party in that State will but prove a mockery, and the sooner all effort to act together in hnrmony is abandoned, the better it will be for the Union cause. The editor of the Statesman is an experi enced politician, and is generally very care ful to ground his assertions on facts. Iu the present instance, he has undoubtedly been misled by the statements of designing men, or his old party prejudices have got the bet ter of his judgment. If he lias more confi dence in the statements of his Democratic fol lowers than he has in the facts, substantiated by the journals of the Legislature, we are justified in the belief that he does not thank us for the interest we have manifested in re gard to the Union organization in Oregon, nor care for our aid, nor that of the Oregoni an and other Republican journals, in the coming canvass. It would appear that hav ing committed leading Republicans to a coali tion with the Democratic party, he has no farther use for them. We regret that the Statesman should have felt called upon, just at tki* time, to inaugu rate a warfare against those whose whole in fluence, public and private, has been wielded in behalf of the Government. This is the fint time that paper has been guilty of such gross inconsistency. The triumph of the Un ion cause in Oregon will require the com bined effort of all Union men. They will have no ammunition to expend on their own friend*. The Btate is full of the same kind of lurking, covert treason aa controled the acliou of our Legislature. DISTIICT Coi'KT. —The District Court for for the 2d Judicial District is in session at this place Judge Oliphant presiding ; J udge Hewitt having gone to the States, "on leave," tor bis family. Up to last evening, an uuu soal amount of busiaees had leen dom-. The beat of feeling appear* to exist brtvt<m the bar and the court. Klaewhc r - will IN- found the Judge's Charge to tbe (Srand Jury. It ia aa excellent doratnent of the kiud. We Warn that Judge Otiphaat intend to start for his district east of tbe mountain* as »-«>n as tbe pnaeat aeaaiaa of cuart closes. It is a source of regret that we an- to low hiui fruia tbefwaad. GT The war again* I hristianity it appeara waa tot iaau^nrated by tbr Indian t*up<-riu «t af this Territory aloue. Tbr Portland Adctrluer baa Ixa waging a violent warfare •P"" 'be MetbodWa ever aiorr Kendall art tbe ktl ia Mtka at tbr Sit i«• reservation. Wbat estimatiua an we to place npuu tbr loy ah j d a man wboai ticam nr«»paprrs eu- TM "Qo*. WUUM."-Tbr late M rOUr cattc Jtf Dmru. sold bv i'olle«-t<»r SnuiJi a ft* —rtbl ago to Messrs. (rrenuan it ('ran- M j, ia to ba w cbriatsaed tbe Cor. I %'aHarr, is fMfKsMBt to oar Delegate at Cougtv**. aad fland ia tk Cbiaa trade. The Treasury Vote law. We bant by th«- late news that the Treasu ry note bill has lnTotnf a law. with a provis ion that tW noti-s shall he a bgal tender in the payment of all public and private debt*. I* x frjit the interest «>n the public debt, and duties. which are to he paid in ciM. We havi- fn-anl it suggested by *«-voral that •hi* law ia in conflict with the Constitution of the I'nited Stat.*. Thi* is • mistake. Noth ing ran he found in the Constitution, under the bendof •• Limitation of the Powers of Con gress," which forbids their emitting bill* of cnili! and making them a legal tender; but th«Te is n clause, under the sulnlivision of " limitation of the l'owent of the Individual States" which forbid* tbe etuisaion of bill* of credit ami the making of anything but gold and silver c»in a tender in payment of ileliU. This restriction of the powen* of the State# has l«-»-n misapplied to ('iiojnw. the contrary is the ca»e The Constitution iu plain language authorize* Congress to emit bill* of credit, and by iiuplir.ition. at hast. to make those bill* a legal circulating im-dium. And thi* i* just what has been done b\ Con gress in authorizing the i*sue of Tn-aaury note*. 'J'he term " bill* of credit." used in the Constitution, i* syunnymou* with the term " Trva*urv notes," used in the late law. Our interpretation of C»n»titi"ti is that it jiower to make « circulating medium anything iht'T plrnse; tlint they have the authority In (!rc!an'll:<it nil ounce of copper or lead shall he a h pal t< lider for one dollar or five; that ten grain* of gold alloyed with hall an ounce of silver, shall he a legal tender for fifteen dollars, or any other definite amount. This power is us clearly given Con gress as any other power conferred l>v that instrument. The authority to "coin money and regulate the value thereof," is not (nulli fied hv the declaration that coin shall be com posed of gold, silver, or copper, and that a given weight shall he valued at a specified sum. This matter is left entirely discretion ary with Congress. It necessarily follows that the same power may declare a piece of paper promising to pay a specified amount at some future day, a legal tender, for that amount of indebtedness; and that is just what lins been done by the passage of the Treasury note bill. CERTIFICATES RKFI'SKD. —Tho Orr/foninn says : "The Commissioner of the Land Office at Wash ington, has instructed the Register ami Receivers at Laud Offices, and Surveyor* General, to this effect: " 'Your office, and tho local offices of the Land Department, shall refuse to execute a'id deliver certificates anil evidences of claims to disloyal persons, whether they have aided and assisted the existing rebellion, or are plotting to reader it as sistance in the future.' " Who shall decide upon the evidence which rhnll establish disloyalty? Surely there must be some test beyond that of the prejudiced imagination of a subordinate in the Land Office, else some may be divested of rights which arc inalienable except by the volition of the claimant. We clip tlio foregoing from the Portland Times. It suggests that it will be very diffi cult to fix any definite test of a man's loyalty. We think it will be very easy to do this. All that will be necessary to do, will be to ask him if he is in favor of the following resolu tion, the adoption of which, the Telegraph says, " would have compromised a large ma-' jority of the people of Washington Territory." If he declares himself opposed to it, refuse him the land: Rttolvtd , That Washington Territory, true to herself, and true to the (iovrrmncnt which pro tects her, will not be found wanting in devovion to the Union, or fidelity to the Laws nnd the Con stitution, or in due respect for, and support of Mr. Lincoln's administration. No DISTINCTION- AND STILL A DIFFERENCE. —A few weeks ago the Pre** said the Union resolutions, as we published them, were of n I party stamp, and sustained the course of the Legislature in rejecting thoin. The Tele gtaph of the satuo week maintained that the resolutions were not quoted correctly, and that no loyal man could rote against them a* pub lished in our paper ! One Democratic paper endorses what another defines to be treason. It is unfortunate that the two papers are pub lished in different sections of the Territory and on the same day of the week. BP I'oor Alonzo's brain has conjured up another grand enterprise. He proposes to es tablish a line of clipper ships to ruu between this place and New Westminster, touching at all intermediate ports— except Victoria. Wonder if Alonzo's Victoria " sulm" haven't been |talming off more " short quarters" on the •• Young Gorilla"? Wonder again if the advertisement in the fifth column of Monday's Pre** dou't areouut for the " lewder" in the finrt. " Tall oaks front little acorns grow." [t* The Prrta imagines that it luu> dis mouiited our heavy l»att«rii* dinrtrd apainst tbe Indian Superintendent. Not so, Almuu. TW enemy iaduvu.uxl it would Li> a •Mr »f ammunition to fin- round *boi wben grape will «rtvc w »dl. In tin- fallen offirer we m>»g uise only the man. and arc nit-rriful. We have fomx-rlv nwitlrd thr HuperiuUudeut v a rrpnx-ntative of the Government; a* a private individu-d we would »un-ly DM small shot at- tbr nwt likely to " tirklr" Mia remit)/. A I-AOY Ijhti im.—Madam Reeve. for nuHy of Nt-w York city, ia lecturing in Port land. upou our national affairs. c*» ict< recently escaped from tbe Oregon I'eoitmtiary, end four prisooen from the Moltu»uiab couuty jail. At'Klum utaoSMKM*. —We are indebted to 11. A. Judson, Eaq., and Purser Finch, for iavurs. (7 It never rain# but pour*. ' THAT " IWI —Notwithstanding we have, at the special request of our friend. Dr. Henry. asked time and again for the jrablica tion of that astounding "document," which the ostensible of the Prrxt save he has in his * possession, and »hicli he threatened in bull dug style to produce if the "errr doubled his loyalty," the expectant public have not lieen regahd with the rich feast so confidently promised. Alonzo, is his Mon day's paper, kindly give* us a cine, however, l>v which we may form an idea of the import of the dreadful "document" in question. He intimates that it ;«</v IN* found on the records of the Surveyor General's Office. Alonxo, .we admire you! liut why didn't yon say as much weeks ago, and free us and our friends from the endless torture of conjecture and fruit- j less surmise. The " murder's out" at last— ' the "document may IK- found on the record* of the Sun evor lieiicial's • tffice"! Mark the ingeuious use of the little word "may." May . lie found! Now, Alonxo, we make there uuest once n«>r>- tliat v<>u w ill publish the "document." Yomr j'rirmd, wlio displayed snch a ••disinterested" friendship by suggest ing the "document dodge," may object; vea. doubt hss M 11.1, object, as he has done before; but don't let him shirk after getting you into the sera|H>. We may take a fancy to sift the matter ourselt, and it may not Is- to the ad- 1 vantage of your friend of the " doiHiuent dodge." The matter must IK> investigated, injustice to l)r. Henry; and we have no di>- |M>sition to visit retribution on your head, when von have been inerelv used as the cat's paw. Swallow all pride now, Alonxo, and ac knowledge that you formed a wrung idea of the whole tenure of the " document" in ques tion, and admit that your threat to " spread \ out" the doctor in a manner which would I cause him to "curse the day lie learned to ► i read and write," was unwarranted. The j wisest men sometimes err, and that class al- j ways make reparation, too. Shift the blame ; on the proper person, Alonxo, "acknowledge i the corn"; and don't try to bolster up what i you know is a weak cause by mysterious and terrible hints of " removal from office," " Au gust next," Sic. Yon know no more about such matters than others, and, if the truth was known, probably not as much. "Hopeon and hope ever," it you like, but don't—pray don't—for the credit of yourself and the craft, allow your brnin to go " wool gathering." " lie virtuous and you will In- happy." U* J 'I 'ho treason disseminators aro greatly incensed because the seizure of Mason ntid Slidell did not embroil our Government in a war with England. The treason press in Ore gon are an unit in howling about tho " national disgrace" involved ill delivering up the arch traitors. The seizure was justified only on the untenable ground of n pr -cedent set by England herself, and was not regarded other than as a gross violation of international law, for which suitable reparation should be made. Hut why was not the cry of "national dis grace" raised by these self same sticklers for national honor when rebels, with arms in their hands, demanded the surrender of all title of supremacy by the Government over nearly one-half her territory f Who from among the legions of treason then cared for national dep redation. Treason, North and South, then was only seeking the humiliation aud over throw of the Government. Yet now, when an act of aggression is committed against a friendly nation, and our Government seeks to repair the error, these treason-mongers bite their fingers and raise tho howl of " national disgrace"! Consistency, ain't it ? The Vancouver Telegraph comes to us this week aa smiling and pleasant as a May morning. We conclude that somebody must have got hold of it last week in the ab sence of its regular editor. We a»c glad to find Urban at his post agniu, and we hope he will atay at homo hereafter. We copy sev eral paragraphs from his paper this week. We are encouraged now to belieVo that ho has not sold out to the Democrat peace party. The whole tone and appearance of his paper has changed since week before last, and we now have strong hopes of him. Don't dis appoint us again, Urban. IP" The Orrrland Prett assumes that we have withdrawn our objections to Mr. Kendall as Superintendent, liecauso we said nothing about him last week. We have the best of reasons for this. < )ur advices from Washing ton assured us that Mr. Lincoln had complied with our request for his removal, having scut the name of our townsman, Calvin 11. Hale, to the Senate for confirmation. After be is out of the oflice he has so much diagrared, we hope we never shall have occasion to men tion his name again, except as a warning to those who may manifest a disposition to play the prtty tyrant. Au enlistment roll has been placed in our |sissca»ion by Capt. W. H. Wood, of l*ierc« county, fir the purpose of obtaiiing recruits to serve iu a cavalry company, to be attached to Col Corne'ius's < Hvgon Regiment. Those iu this section if country wishing to enlist under the gtoriojs Stars and Stripes can do so by applying to Gen. Alonzo M. I'oe, or (iurst-lf. A LITTLR WKXI H. —They havo on exhib ition in San Francisco a negresa fifty-five years old and only thirty-two inches in bight. - -• -• - 17* The lessees of the (Oregon Penitentia ry have delivered the convicts over to the State .. ■ .»> GP* The steamer Enterprise has made ex cellent time her last two trips. Charge to the Grand Juries of the Second and Third Judicial Districts. Genflrmen of the Graml Jury : The position now occupied by mo is new and comparatively untried. On occasions of thin kind things are apt to "loom Urge" in the distance. If then, any highly awakened expectations shall be disappointed, your in dulgence is most earnestly solicited. At the Kline time lie assured, that I am not unmind ful of the weighty n-sponoihilities involved in our present official relations. We are assembled here by the mandate of law. Government and the laws enacted un der it, although thev may sometime* fail in their object, are lsitli deigned to promote the happiness and well lieing of society. Espe cially is this the case in our country, where the ranks and titles of nobility are abolished, and where the people are the acknowledged legitimate source of |iower, exercising that ]H>wcr through the laws made by those, to whom the right has been duly delegated, and by the eutire machinery of our free institu tions. Were it otherwise—were there no agreed submission to rule*, maxims, and precepts, v hicli are founded in nature, religion, and ox iicricncr, incorporated in, and made kuown, b\ proper forms, and solemnities as the " law of the land," mankind would act without re straint, swayed by captious impulses, ami would lie but little removed frotu a state of savage harlui ism. Ity an obeel vance, and enforcement of law, we gain progress in moral and intellectual im provement; art, science acd commerce, with all tin ir attendant incidents, are fostered <tuu protected. These have in all age* and hi all

countries where they have existed, or do ex ist, contributed to swell the amount of human happiness, and to force, onwatd and upward, the benefits and blessing* of civilization to their points of culmination. In our country, courts of justice, aided by juries uud other appendages, are an unalterable part of the machinery of (•overmuent. Entering, then, upon the duties of the judicial office ussigucd nte by Executive favor—knowing that in the fallen coudition iu which human nature is is the province of courts to pass upon the "life, liberty, property and reputtaion" of the citizen, the inquiry "who is sufficient for these things" cannot be repressed. None of us, even the humblest, cau escape duty, or shun responsibility with impunity. These attach, and pertain, though perhaps in different degrees, to all; to courts, juries, counsel, and citizens. They attend us through life, and ought " to grow with our growth and strengthen with our strength." Among the duties of my position, and en joined by the statutes of your young aud ris ing Territory, is to see that you are correctly itnpanneled aud charged. This course of charging grand juries has beeu a ruling cus tom, aud of long and ancient standing. It exists in most if not all of the States of the Union. Yours is a State in embryo, and the law gives you the benefit of the custom. In the outset let me say to you, that your office is nn honorable one, as well as a most useful part of the organization of courts of justice. Yon come, by a wise provision of the law, from the vicinage. You are supposed to know the wants and wishes of your fellow-citizens iu matters pertaining to their safety, as well as their moral aud physical condition as a community. In n judicial sense, you are the guardians, and should be the \\ ise, efficient and prudent promoters ot the peace aud good order of the districts for which you act. It j is made your duty to Jerrt out crime, that the j perpetrators of it may be brought to trial, aud if found guilty undergo the merited aud pre scribed punishment. Iu this respect a grand jury of this Territory in somewhat different, in "their action and proceedings, from that which prevails in States with which this court is familiar. In many of the States and ] Commonwealths, grand juries act only upon indictments laid before them by the District, or prosecuting attorney upon previous infor mation, and binding over, or the party com mitted to prison, unless it be in cases where presentments are made upon information of one of their uurnber, or the sworn return of a proper officer. Hero yon act almost exclusively from your own knowledge. Offenders seldom know that they have to answer for violated law, until it is made known to them by an arrest, founded upon your presentment and an indictment drawn pursuant therewith by the District At torney. Here also vou act, so to speak in a double capacity. You have original cogni zance of all offences committed against the laws of the United States, and the laws of Washington Territory within this District. You are " especially to euquire as to the of fenses of auy person coniiucd in prison on a criminal charge; into the conditiou and man agement of the public prisons of the counties or district, into the wilful misconduct in office, of public officers, aud in your discretion cr anium tho public records of the county." These duties are enjoined by tho 195 th and 196 th sections of the "criminal practice act" of this Territory. liefore entering upou vour duties, you have to take an oath "to diligently enquire and true presentment make of all such matters aud tilings, as shall come to your knowledge according to your charge." This part of your oatu is so clear, plain and familiar, that i •* he who runs may read." aud needs no fur ther comments from lite Court. "The coun sel of the United State* of America, your uwu counsel and that of your fellows yon shall keep secret." This clause, impressed with a command, is designed for your protection, and that of the officer prosecutes, aud the criminal or pcrsou charged with and indicted for au offence, and all others may know, that it is the act of the grand jury aud not of any par ticular IIWUIINT of that body. Its further purpose is to |»rvvfnt th>>.-e who are to V* in dicted. after examination li.-id of the nffi-nse, from gaining a knowledge of that fart, which if eaiued would render escape almost certain, and thus defeat the ends of public justice. Sometime*, too, an "under cunrvut" of dark surmises and suspicions may exist in the com munity against a perfectly innocent person, and of which he may be" entirely ignorant. The charge may he the subject of your In vestigation. It may turn out to m ntterly groundless, yet if your action with regard to it were to pi beyond the walls of the grand jury room, it might IK' greatly prejudicial to the person implicated. Ilence the importance of secrecy. lour oath requires also that 14 you shall prcseut no person through en TV, hatred or malice; neither will you leave any one unprcsented through fear, favor, affection or reward, or any hope then-of, but that you •»hall present things truly M they shall cone to your knowledge, according to the beat of your understanding, and according to the laws of thia Territory." Theae several clause* of your oath just read, imply that you shall act as just, independent ana boneat men. In so doing you will disarm suspicion even of its fangs and power to harm, and Bib it maai fest to all that your action has been governed by • proper sense of duty, and wbat yea be lieved to be for the best intuuat of society — the promotion of the public food, as wall aa the preservation ot the Government. under which you live, and of which we are all a component part. It requires twelve of your number to agree to the finding of an indict ment. liy section 197 you are "not bound to hear evidence for the defendant, but it is your duty to weigh all the evidence submit ted to you, and when you have reason to be lieve other evidence within your reach, will explain away any charge, you can order such evidence to be produced tor that pur |Ni«e, and inny cause process to issue for wit nesses." This statute is peculiar to Washington Territory, whether tbe provisions contained in the section just mentioued be salutary or hurtful, it is no business of ours to inquire. •' No grand juror shall disclose the fact that an indictment for a felony lias l>«eu found against any person not in custody or under recognizitmo until such person has been arrested."—Sec. 190, Crini. Practice Act. -No grand juror shall Ite allowed to state or to testify iu any Court in what manner lie, '■ or anv of tbe jury, vnt«j on any que*ti»u be fore tlieui, or what opinion was « xprcssed by : any juror in relation to such question, or : what qtirsiiou was before tbeui."—Sec. tJOO, ! C'rim. I'ractice Act. Having reminded you, as required, of the provisions of this and the preceding sections of th.» Criminal Statutes, you attention will ! be called to some of the off-uses or crimes that may possibly coine before you. If we . could be apprised of the specific crimes which 1 you may be called upon to investigate, each J ' could receive from us n particular definition i and comment. As it is, our remarks must be : general. Offenses aro divided into two classes— crimes nnd misdemeanors. They take r.gain another subdivision, into those that are feloni ous and those that are less than felonious. All offenses or crimes which by your statutes are punishable by imprisonment in the peui tentiary art; felonies' and all others are mis demeanors.—Chap. 11, Sec. 11, Criin. I'rac tice Act, p. 106. The compilers of tbe criminal code, nnd which has been adopted by the Legislative Assembly of the Territory, and made part of the law of the land, have defined as well ns prescribed the punishment for offenses com mitted against the LIVES and PERSONS of individuals, against property, against the pub lic pence, pi/h/if justice, by and against pub lic officers, jHtblic policy, against morality and decency, and against public health. Under the first head, aro comprehended murder, manslaughter, dueling, mayhem, as sault and battery, rape, robbery, kiAunpping, administering drugs to kill a child, en ventre aa mere or abortion, and extortion of money. Under the second is included arson, burglary, larceny, false marking or altering another's animal with intent to steal, buying and re ceiving stolen goods, obtaining money, See., under false pretense, forgery, counterfeiting, forcible entry, destroying monuments, burn- I ing woods and grounds willfully or by negli ! gence, other than one's own, to the injury of others. The third division embraces riots, unlawful assemblages, disturbing public wor ship and affrays. The fourth division in cludes peijury niul subornation of perjury, of ficial and individual; bribery, miu feasance, aiding escape nnd rescuing prisoners, obstruct ing nnd refusing to serve process, inhumanity to prisoners, usurpation, receiving unlawful fees, &c. Under the fourth head we havo enumerated nuisances, malicious prosecutions, violation of liceuse laws, barratry, all species of fraudulent voting, lottery tickets, gaming, keeping gaming apparatus nnd suffering their use for gaining, violation of the est ray laws, obstruction of public highways, bridges, &c., discharging ballast in Blioal water, obstruct ing navigation, discounting by officers of Ter ritorial or county orders, neglect of duty of supervisors of roads, frauds upon the jury box and jurore, unlawful toll, violatiou of the marriage law, and concealing commission of crime. The fifth head includes seduction, adnltery and fornicntion, incest, polygamy, no torious lewdness, obseeue books, pamphlets, ballads, prints, pictures, figures or descriptions, disinterment of dead bodies, disfiguring of tombstones, tee., and cruelty to animals. The sixth and last head (public health) embraces selling poisou, injury done to a person by the prescription of a physician or other person when intoxicated, and selling intoxicating li quors to nuuora after request not to do BO by parent ana guardian. I have, gentlemen of the grand jury, at the risk of incurring tbe charge of prolixity, giv en in detail the various offeusos as they stand , recorded ou your statute book. It is a dark catalogue, and tbe crime* and ' offenses which it enumerate* have stained tbe annals at tbe world's history since the rains of tbe fall. llow many of ttw laws remain as a dead letter ou the "statute book" ia Waahiugion Territory, ad to what extout crime is permitted "to go nnwhipped of jus tier," is tor you. n<>( ute to aay. t hi the part of tbe I'nited States, as proper to dinrt vour attention, are tbe crimes of imunn, selling liquor to Indians, violation of the rrvenne laws, and cutting or destroying timber belonging to tbe I'nited State*. IWnu is defined by tbe Compilation to -consist only in levying war against tbe t'ni- Uff State*, or adhering to their enemies, giv ing them aid and cumfcut." To the honor of the country be it spoken that sneh has been, until recently, the patriotic devorion of ber ritixeno to the Constitution. aitd lam and in stitution* under them, giving to tbe land of their birth and adopt**, proxuerity and aH C Wilde advantages, civil and reHnms a! me, honor and reepeet abroad and high rie ' vntion in tbe scale of nations, that ( usm of .In.-(ice, from the first organisation <4 tbe < ioveruineut. have been but seldom engaged in tbe investigation of this crime. It has Itcen r<-*ervrd tor tbe years IPGO and lA6I, ill our day. and in our times, to are it inaugu rated in all its deformity, and with all its at tendant train of evils, aud that ton ia many of the once proud, boastful and ehivalric States of this Union. So politic was its an nouncement, that the friends of liberty, of the Union, and the advocatea of "amn's abOit* L. self-government." ware sUrtW with ~W meat and wonder. The Hnrnini of eam« on Fort Sumter ripened into open and hoatiL rebillion. !• orbearance on tba cart r/ ,L_ Administration Resistance to ita nrscsaa becMe a - - It baa bsen met, and anst uhim^]^^ f I _ edge itself imbirik to Milnl lis ita pouermd dignity, or to cany out aad accomalaih th. high purpoeea of ita organisation. iVTkiZ ia a pnintul one. Whatever may he the re suit, the truth of history has and* will to a*, mistakably brand.the authors of these eiifc with the stain of treason and so indefiUv that " all ocean'a waves cannot wash it As far as known to the Court, it is a HQ. of rejoicing that the citiaens of Territory are loyal to the government, that so far as thia crime is concerned. Tea will be spared from its inreetigatioo. Helling liquor to Indiana ia made aa c£ tense pniushable by tine and ' inprifowaam. by virtue of the acta ot Congress «f 30th rf June, 1834, and 2d uf Hatch, 1847. Their who were instrument*! in the 'patsace at acts must have regarded the practice as a riW and dangenms one. I>cmarahsing' , aiike in the seller and tbe consumer of this ,-tilAile fluid that " ateala away tbe brain." To jau who have been familiar with its efferta DM the temperament and habits of the wild ud untutored savage, comment is uiitiere««arT. The practice is made an offense by the Us, of the I'nited States,'and it is tie dotr ti the Court to call your attention to it, thosJd any ram- of the kind bsrnwt «he H;I j<*t Mat ter of your delitieration*. The acts of Congress relative to rotting timber, Ac., on lands of the United States, , dates as far buck as the Ist of March, 1817. The latest act passed on this sul>j<»ct is that of 2d of March, I*3l. It is the latter clanw of section !», ns found in llrightly's Digest, page H77, that we conceive, and have once decided, is applicable to Washington Territo ; ry. That clause is as follows: "If any per . son or persons shall cut, or cause or procure ! <o be cut, or aid as ussist or be employed in cutting any live oak or red cedar tree or trees, or other timber on, or shall remove, or cause or procure to bo removed, or aid or assist or be employed in removing any live oak or red cedar trees, or other timber, from any other lands of the United States, acquired, or here after to be acquired, with intent to export, dispose of, use or employ tho same, in any manner whatsoever, other than for the use of the Navy of tho United States; every such person or persons so offending, on conviction thereof before any Court having competent jurisdiction, shall for every such offenße pay a fine not less than triple tho value of the tree or trees, or timber so cut, destroyed or removed, and shall be imprisoned not exceed ing twelve months." Buying clothing of sol diers of the I'nited States is made an offense by the act of Congress, nnd is punished by fine not exceeding fc.JOO, nnd imprisonment not less than one. It has been reported that a breach of the law, iu this respect, has been committed in this district. If so, it is vour duty to direct your attention to this sufject. Tho offense is a serious one, and should bo regarded us most disreputable. These, gentlemen of the grand jury, are all the offenses against the laws of the United States to which I shall at present advert. If instructions should bo needed on any others, you can obtain it from tho gentleman who prosecutes for tho Government, or tbe Court. The new relations existing between UB mast be my apology for detaining you so long. Not many years have elapsed since the gov ernment under which we live, owing to it obedience, claiming from it protection, nnd bound aa we ought to be to it, strong as the first beatings and impulses of "wedded love," obtained complete and sole control over the ex tensive domain of this Territory. All, since that period, can see and mark the change. Within that time to the present, notwithstand ing difficulties and dangers, here have been traced the footprints of a numerous, hardy niul adventurous population. The woods man's ax, and the lumberman's saw, have re sounded amid primeval forests, as a part of the indices of the progress of civilisation. As it regards school-bouses, temples of wor ship and of justice, we offer neither censure nor praise. From present indications there will be a vast increase in population the pres ent year, at least in one portion of your Ter ritory. Golden attractions, it is feared, will cause desertions by scores from the farm, the shop and marts of merchandise. In what has been enumerated as seeming advantage* 1 as also in many other respects, you inhabit a country by no means to be depreciated. Upon the placid and ruffled surface of your "Sound." ships and other craft, from almost all parts of tie world, pay your tribute. Whatever per tuins to progress in tbe past, may with some degree of confidence be expected in the fu ture. Since 1846, two States on tbe Pacific coast have been added to tbe Uniou. Yoa are familiar, aa well as living witnesses of many thrilling moral aud political events that have beeu impressed upon tbe page of oar country'a history. The present one through which abe is saw pawing ia in many respects tbe most tnrifie snd deplorable of all. Let tbia civil war. this unnatural aud unholy whaßion eaaasts once more assume their wealed it tide of immigtutisa wfl i.aima u> «*dl to ward tbe Panfc, and tbia Territory, if *urb aa event be desirable, will hunt bar chrrnda and br amah rrrl among tba aasaabeed d Stales. B»TB> or STUABCB FUUL —TV RAW* D Care on the stiaaim of tbe llariir Sum Company, Amah to Kev Tack, are as »• lows: tarn n A <■ lb II tui. $M* deck-room. Ita «6; n i iad aubin. steerage, *129 tk Ta f* to I* sntnad Cape Horn ia a cSpf* chip, fin* •* in. r>*ts abeat IIM more or leas, are*** to tbe aeaamaaadmaaaa. style of Itvwa. ««• A ralna pnaange to Cbiaa enala frsm •"* * »IIi; to \■mafia abm tbe aam>: " Sandwich blade fcaa M* to «M. IT" The Orrppmm %er .a- ■ muuaaaared teeme that " Sptcial Agent." While. Our remarks two or tbrer w«b» bUlon tbe sanasaMaa that be was what h* rlaimad to be. If tbe aaaMsr tarns onl «*■** wiae. (ns we si risusiy apprehend it way • haaj tlx- cotifident toae of tbe «la> «' only have to arkanwlidgr that we awr * r ceived by tbe man.

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